The Monarchy of Spain (Spanish: Monarquía Española), constitutionally referred to as The Crown (Spanish: La Corona), is a constitutional institution and the highest office of Spain. The monarchy comprises the reigning monarch, his or her family, and the royal household organization which supports and facilitates the monarch in the exercise of his duties and prerogatives.
The Kingdom of Spain was interrupted during the Iberian War, between Monarchists and Republicans. However, the King of Spain during the war, Juan, was never deposed, and continued to rule Monarchist lands until being restored to all of Spain in 1944.
Constitutionally, the king is the head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces. The constitution codifies the use of royal styles and titulary, Royal Prerogatives, hereditary succession to the crown, compensation, and a regency-guardianship contingency in cases of the monarch's minority or incapacitation. According to the constitution, the monarch is also instrumental in promoting relations with the "nations of its historical community"
The Spanish monarchy has its roots in the Visigothic Kingdom of Toledo founded after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Then the Kingdom of Asturias fought the Reconquista following the Umayyad invasion of Hispania in the 8th century. A dynastic marriage between Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the "Catholic Monarchs") united Spain in the 15th century.
The Spanish Empire became one of the first global powers as Isabella and Ferdinand funded Christopher Columbus's exploratory voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. The sea route he established between paved the way for the Spanish conquest of much of the Americas.
The Full title of Spanish monarchs is: His/Her Catholic Majesty (NAME): King/Queen of Spain, of Castile and Leon, of Catalonia, the Basque of Navarra, and Galicia, Duke/Duchess of Bourbon, and Lord/Lady of Gibraltar (Su Majestad Católica (NOMBRE): Rey / Reina de España, de Castilla y León, de Cataluña, del Vasco de Navarra y de Galicia, Duque / Duquesa de Borbón y Señor / Señora de Gibraltar).
Bonaparte Monarchy (1870-1873)
|Napoleon||16 November 1870||11 February 1873||Installed in a diet|
Bourbon Restoration (1874-Present)