Alternative History
Monarchy of Spain
Reina de España
Coat of Arms of Spain.svg
Coat of Arms of Spain
Leonor, Princess of Asturias.png
Isabel III of Spain
Style His/Her Catholic Majesty
First monarch Philip V
Formation 1 November 1700 (Establishment of the Bourbon Dynasty in Spain)
Residences Royal Palace of Madrid (official)
Palace of Zarzuela (private)

The Monarchy of Spain (Spanish: Monarquía Española), constitutionally referred to as The Crown (Spanish: La Corona), is a constitutional institution and the highest office of Spain. The monarchy comprises the reigning monarch, his or her family, and the royal household organization which supports and facilitates the monarch in the exercise of his duties and prerogatives.

The Kingdom of Spain was interrupted during the Iberian War, between Monarchists and Republicans. However, the King of Spain during the war, Juan, was never deposed, and continued to rule Monarchist lands until being restored to all of Spain in 1944.

Constitutionally, the king is the head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces. The constitution codifies the use of royal styles and titulary, Royal Prerogatives, hereditary succession to the crown, compensation, and a regency-guardianship contingency in cases of the monarch's minority or incapacitation. According to the constitution, the monarch is also instrumental in promoting relations with the "nations of its historical community"

The Spanish monarchy has its roots in the Visigothic Kingdom of Toledo founded after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Then the Kingdom of Asturias fought the Reconquista following the Umayyad invasion of Hispania in the 8th century. A dynastic marriage between Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the "Catholic Monarchs") united Spain in the 15th century.

The Spanish Empire became one of the first global powers as Isabella and Ferdinand funded Christopher Columbus's exploratory voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. The sea route he established between paved the way for the Spanish conquest of much of the Americas.

The Full title of Spanish monarchs is: His/Her Catholic Majesty (NAME): King/Queen of Spain, of Castile and Leon, of Catalonia, the Basque of Navarra, and Galicia, Duke/Duchess of Bourbon, and Lord/Lady of Gibraltar (Su Majestad Católica (NOMBRE): Rey / Reina de España, de Castilla y León, de Cataluña, del Vasco de Navarra y de Galicia, Duque / Duquesa de Borbón y Señor / Señora de Gibraltar).

Bonaparte Monarchy (1870-1873)

Portrait Name Reign Achievements
Napoleon III 1844-1868.jpg Napoleon 16 November 1870 11 February 1873 Installed in a diet

Bourbon Restoration (1874-Present)

Portrait Name Reign Achievements
Alfonso XII R.jpg Alfonso XII 11 February 1873 25 November 1885 Bourbon Dynasty restored after the reign of Napoleon.
Queen Maria Christina of Spain Franzen.jpg Queen Regent Maria Christina of Spain 25 November 1885 17 May 1902 Served as regent prior to her son's birth, and during his minority.
Alfonso XIII de España by Kaulak.jpg Alfonso XIII 17 May 1886 28 February 1941 Posthumous son of Alfonso XII, stopped a republican coup.
D2BA3068-F7DF-4FA5-94CA-CC467B41268D.jpeg Juan 28 February 1941 14 May 1977 General Secretary of the Latin League, democratized Spain in 1975.
Juan-carlos-i 4623.jpg Alfonso XIV 14 May 1977 19 June 2002 Visited the Americas and strengthened foreign relations. Abdicated.
800px-L’infante Hélène d’Espagne, duchesse de Lugo en 2011.jpg Alexandra 19 June 2002 19 June 2015 First female monarch since Queen Isabella II. Killed in a Car accident.
Coat of Arms of Spain.svg Regency Council of Spain
(Consejo de Regencia de España)
19 June 2015 20 September 2019 Existed during Isabel III's minority
Leonor, Princess of Asturias.png Isabel III 19 June 2015 Present Aged 14 when she ascended the throne.