Portrait Supreme Rule Congress Notes
Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin 30 December 1922

21 January 1924†
11th12th Congress Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (Sovnarkom) and informal leader of the Bolsheviks since their inception. Was leader of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) from 1917 and leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1922 until his death.
Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin portrait 21 January 1924

5 March 1953†
13th19th Congress General Secretary from 3 April 1922 until 1934, when he resigned from office; the post of General Secretary itself was abolished in October 1952. Stalin served as Template:Premier of the Soviet Union from 6 May 1941 until his death on 5 March 1953. He also held the post of the Minister of Defence from 19 July 1941 until 3 March 1947 and Chairman of the State Defense Committee during the Great Patriotic War and became the only officer to hold the office of People's Commissariat of Nationalities from 1921–1923.
Georgy Malenkov
Georgy Malenkov 5 March 1953

8 February 1955
19th Congress Succeeded to all of Stalin's titles, but was forced to resign most of them within a month. Malenkov, through the office of Premier, was locked in a power struggle against Khrushchev.
Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev 8 February 1955

14 October 1964
20th22nd Congress Served as the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union (from September 1953) and Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 27 March 1958 to 14 October 1964. While vacationing in Abkhazia, Khrushchev was called by Leonid Brezhnev to return to Moscow for a special meeting of the Presidium, to be held on 13 October 1964. There, at the most fiery session since the so-called "anti-party group" crisis of 1957, he was fired from all his posts. He was largely left in peace in retirement, but was made a "non-person". He died in 1971. He was seen overseas as a reformer of a "petrified structure" and described his main contribution as removing the fear that Stalin had brought, but many of his reforms were later reversed.
Leonid Brezhnev
Leoniz Brezhnev 14 October 1964

10 November 1982†
23rd26th Congress Served as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, was later renamed General Secretary, and was co-equal with premier Alexei Kosygin until the 1970s. To consolidate his power he later assumed the title of Chairman of the Presidium.
Yuri Andropov
A man in a suit wearing glasses 12 November 1982

9 February 1984†
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and Chairman of the Presidium from 16 June 1983 until 9 February 1984.
Konstantin Chernenko
Konstantin Chernenko 13 February 1984

10 March 1985†
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and Chairman of the Presidium from 11 April 1984 to 10 March 1985.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev 1985 11 March 1985

15 March 1990
27th28th Congress Served as General Secretary from 11 March 1985 to 18 April 1992, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1 October 1988 until the office was renamed to the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet on 25 May 1989 to 15 March 1990, {W|President of the Soviet Union}} from 15 March 1990 to 24 May 1994.

List of Presidents of the Soviet Union (1990–present)

President Term of office Affiliation Term Previous office Prime Minister(s)
1 Mikhail.Gorbachev Mikhail Gorbachev
Михаи́л Горбачёв
Born: March 2, 1931 (1931-03-02) (age 88)

Communist Party 1
General Secretary of the Central Committee
of the Communist Party
N. Ryzhkov
V. Pavlov
N. Ryzhkov
2 Nikolai Ryzhkov (official) Nikolai Ryzhkov
Николай Рыжков
Born: September 28, 1929 (1929-09-28) (age 89)

Communist Party 2
10th Premier of the Soviet Union
V. Chernomyrdin
B. Yeltsin
V. Putin
3 Vladimir Putin - 2006 Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
Born: October 7, 1952 (1952-10-07) (age 66)

Communist Party 3
14th Premier of the Soviet Union
M. Kasyanov
M. Fradkov
D. Medvedev


7 May 2012
7 May 2012


See also