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After a long trek through Asia spanning two decades, Venetian explorer Marco Polo published the compiled journal of his travels in 1295. He described in great detail the Near East, with its many castles and fortresses held by many mighty empires. He entered the Gate of Iron, through which Alexander crossed into the east millennia ago. He toured the eight kingdoms of Persia and witnessed scores of miracles and wonders, many of which he dared not publish for he felt his audiences would not believe what he wrote. He described in great detail the exploits of the great Kublai Khan, the intrigue in the Emperor's court, the sprawling landscape of Yuan China, and the massive battles that took place during his stay.

Polo named his work Livre des Merveilles du Monde - Book of the Marvels of the World. In publishing these journals, he brought knowledge of the eastern world back to Europe and vice versa. Just like that, the world got a little bit smaller. The Holy Roman Empire - locked in a state of interregnum with no end in sight - became aware of the wars of Kublai Khan. The faltering Byzantine Empire and its breakaway state of Trebizond became the subject of discussion from Lisbon to Kathmandu. The wealthy Abu Bakr II of Mali would seek to follow in Polo's footsteps, paving the way for the rise of Mansa Musa. The Kamakura Shogunate of Japan defeated wave after wave of Mongol forces while, an ocean over, Mesoamerica was still reeling from the fall of the Toltec Empire.

Merveilles du Monde is a spiritual successor to the Principia Moderni franchise. It sets the clock back to the year 1295, in the Late Middle Ages - in other words, an era of great change and great suffering - an era in which nations rose and fell - an era in which power was cemented ...

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1460

Please welcome Solace as our newest MdM moderator!

The Lancastrians in Wales are crushed by Robert II. The nobles responsible for the revolt are put on trial.

The situation in the Latin Empire continues to spiral, as Curia falls to the Roman Empire. With no official support from the Papal States yet, their military seems to crumple under the resurgent Orthodox empire. The deep religious schisms in the Peloponnese are galvanized by this precipitous downfall of Romania and they seize control of the entire peninsula. Corinth is in turmoil.

Leonardo da Pistoia, a monk fleeing the chaos in the Latin Empire, arrives in Florence with the Corpus Hermeticum, a collection of 2nd century AD wisdom texts written by Hermes Trismegistus.

A famine strikes the Deccan plague in India.

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We are joyful at the rivals death, we dance and dance. We do more baby making even though they are ugly we still love them. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improve over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation. We expand rapidly to the west and south. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: This year sees the expedition fina and island which the Nasme Sao Tome and Principe. To that island 400 settlers are sent and officially designates it as their newest colony (permission by nate and Rex). The 15,000 army still remains at the border to prepare for an eventual attack by Arles. The new king starts learning the Portuguese language but is not allowed to visit the royal mausoleum. More ships are built and upgraded as the era for colonization truly begins now.
  • Iceland: The king offers the Inuits peace offerings. (mod response needed). The king decides to make another venture to explore Íslandika. (Mod Response Needed). Meanwhile, the king tries to establish an embassy with the Vinlanders. (Response needed).
    • Inuits demand a peace where they can expand their hunting regions into the western coast of Greenland
  • Empire of Ethiopia: Having fought against the Turkic beylics in the Battle of Sinope, the Prince Amda Seyon moves with the Roman army to Greece, participating in the decisive victories over the crumbling Latin Empire. However, the Prince, now 30 years of age and having fought in numerous battles against fellow Christians, is weary of war and yearns to return home. He thanks his uncle the Basileus John and the various friends he made in the Roman Army, inviting a number of them to return to Ethiopia with him as his guests, with his uncle’s permission of course [ROMAN EMPIRE RESPONSE]. The Prince bids Constantinople goodbye, and as his party departs the city he stares as it fades into the horizon, intending to never forget the magnificence of the great imperial center. While intending to sail home, the presence of the Venetian navy in the Aegean prevents the Prince from directly sailing to Egypt, thus he moves northwest into Italy, where he makes his way to Rome. In Rome, the Prince’s arrival is lauded by the Orthodox population and he is especially happy to meet Ethiopians again, members of the Ethiopian clergy sent to open a Church amongst the Orthodox populace and act as representatives to the Pope. After arriving in Rome the Prince also seeks out his old mentor and tutor, Adalfredo Meccia, hoping to meet with him and to get his help in obtaining a meeting with the Pope [PAPAL RESPONSE]. In Ethiopia construction of the Hall of Champions continues, as the temples on both sides of the great mall are constructed. Sculptors begin to carve large statues of past Ethiopian emperors. Urbanization continues as Ethiopian cities become cities of commerce, trade and industry, housing not just marketplaces but businesses such as coffee shops, dyeing stations, and even rudimentary tailors and clothing shops, who make custom clothing or clothing for purchase. The cities also house large textile factories, where people can work spinning cotton into textiles. Trade remains a healthy part of the Ethiopian economy, with the administrative and bureaucratic reforms of the Imperial Merchant’s Guild seeing large success in maximizing Ethiopian profits. Overland trade routes with Egypt become more prominent due to the addition of Aydhab as a friendly vassal. However, naval trade, being much cheaper, remains the main method of trade. The famine in the Deccan region provides an opportunity for Ethiopian merchants, who begin trading grain obtained cheaply from Egypt and Ethiopia for valuable Indian goods such as silks, textiles, dyes, spices, perfumes, porcelain and more. With the value of grain rising due to the famine, these items are obtained for much cheaper than usual, leading to a flood of high quality Indian goods into Ethiopia. Those who normally could not obtain these items suddenly find themselves able to afford them, leading to a commercial boom in Ethiopia. From eastern India, the explorer Makda Akousa heads faqrther east, hearing of great spice kingdoms that lay in a vast chain of islands. [MOD RESPONSE ON SUCCESS].
    • Makda Akousa arrives at the city of Tavoy, discovering a spice kingdom known as Ayutthaya. 
    • Papal Diplomacy: Adalfredo Meccia welcomes Prince Amda Seyon in Rome. 
    • Basileus John IX disallows the departure of those important to the war effort, but allows several others to go. He also sends gifts of books and trade goods with the Prince. In particular a Roman Silk Dress for his sister Sophia and books on philosophy and knowledge from ancient Greece and Rome.
  • Mali Empire: Amir Omar Ali Shajah offiically consolidates his rule as the King of Zayiyr, as a vassal and extension of the Mali Empire. He encourages the intermarriage of his own family, and those Manding settlers and soldiers, into the local population of the Kongolese nobility. For the most part, however, the colonization of Zayiyr always remained a native-dominated state, but remained subjugated as a foreign entity of the empire. Ismail's territory at the mouth of the Kongo itself remained a separate entity at this point, which Omar was quick to negotiate as their mutual status. Furthermore, roads and education centers were also established across the kingdom, in step with the equivalent institutions that existed in the Empire. This first year also, he reconstructs the walls of Jabal Zayiyr, and dedicates their first mosque. Back in the capital of Niani, Mansa Khalil's wife had died in childbirth. Instead of taking on a new wife officially, the Mansa ordered that each woman of the city will be ceremonially married to him, and then executed the next night, in order to prevent women of the city from ever usurping his power. This caused him to be greatly feared and dreaded across the Empire of Mali, but his rule remained stable.
  • Kingdom of Arles: We accept the 3,000 Swiss Mercenaries. The forces in Pisa are recalled as the situation has died down. They are sent to Spain along with the Mercenaries. The situation at the Portugunese border is quite stable with enough food and water. The economy is boosted by trade with many countries. Lucas Sassingón finally finishes what is likely to be his last book, Christ and Catholicism. It describes what is known as Catholicism, its history and beginnings. It also has religious advice. Lucas Sassingón offers a copy to be sent to the Papal States. (PAPAL RESPONSE). He also offers it to other countries. Two more 2.0 Carrackés are built. Robert II boldly proclaims that these Carrackés are superior to any ship in the world right now, owing to their high maneuverability and firepower.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Gregory XIII accepts the book that is placed in the Sistine Library.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Lithuanians and Polish cities begin to develop and improve street and market towns, and some of cities as establish the high office from trades and purchases in maximizing for Lithuania's profit. However, the development of the cathedral took a slow progress form matual's status itself and remain some emphasis to this point, they are started to establish educational centers, and dedicate the places of the cities in the trade and the textiles are now in sale and production in court facilities the cathedral has placed a rule of religion on authority and advices, for citizens the ships, are constructed and placed from their territorial and some small improvement the economy as officially to grow up to the trade's activist and reformed so far yet. Thus we also came to growing the Lithuanian navy in progress and entity' The administrator and nobles take control of the bureaucracy for organizations and improved their economics of their need' and most of ships are being boosted with money indeed sees an upward trend to export and small proper settlement of good number population and consist to work more in power's statues and modernizing the city and have more money to finish the built and productions that takes the agriculture to advanced their work and establish minority's trade city port and takes advice and put the laws well.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned. If a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go. Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt. The Prince-Admiral of Rostock, Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. Though war wages in West Europe, the Hanseatic League continues to do what it does best: make money. Weapons of any nature are made en masse and sold to Scottish and Lotharingian forces, with France being purposefully excluded from such a deal. Wholesale ships and their parts are also sold to both the Hansa's war partners and her neighbors, particularly the Orebro Union and Scotland. The charters granted by Iceland are to be put to good use. As trading continues, captains of carracks and caravels are encouraged to moor near settlements in the Faroes and in Iceland to establish good relations with the locals in order to better facilitate future Hanseatic towns.
  • Roman Empire: With the Latins forced into full retreat and the Peloponnese now liberated Basileus John presses home his assault. The Siege of Thessaloniki continues with a force of 7,000 men. (Algo Please) Having taken the County of Caria the army there marches to Thessaly where they will link up with the empire’s Serbian and Albanian allies and a portion of the army at Thessaloniki for a final push on to Corinth. This army of 10,000 Roman soldiers and whatever forces the Serbians and Albanians wish to contribute marches to defeat the last standing Latin Army in the field near Larissa. (Algo Please) The economic weight of the wars, the revolts, and the Venetian presence in the Aegean drags the empire into an economic slump. The treasury runs a substantial deficit this year and will likely be totally emptied within two years if current mobilization stands. Fortunately trade can continue in the Black Sea and Danube allowing Roman merchants to sail goods as far as Vienna thanks to treaties signed with Hungary. River trade on the Bug and Dnieper allows for the sale of luxuries from Georgia and the east to flow north into Poland, Lithuania, and Russia. These trade revenues keep the empire alive and prevent dramatic economic collapse.
    • Despotates of Cappadocia and Lycaonia: The armies of Cappadocia and Lycaonia, numbering a total of 8,000 men are used to occupy the recently conquered Beyliks and secure the entirety of Asia Minor, including Caria, against revolt.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Ignoring the random uprising in central England and subsequent invasion of Wales. In secret, Lancastrian exiles and Irish veterans of the War of the Roses plan a raid on the Isle of Wight to illustrate the Spanish occupation. 300 men in five ships sail from Cork south going west of the Isles of Sicily and then entering the English channel. In a night attack they land on the shores of the village of Brightstone, Isle of Wight where they then attack and torch the village before retreating to their ships and sailing back to Ireland. The men bear no insignia or standard. Since Spain withdrew there is no attack on the Isle of Wight. Expecting an invasion the fleet is concentrated at Cork and ready to interfere with the sea lanes of communications while the defences at the port are reinforced. 1,000 men are raised locally to the areas to garrison the defences of Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Derry and Coleraine. Food and supplies are stockpiled. 4,000 troops are made into an army under the King and they move to Athlone while the remaining 5,000 are left in their homes to carry out guerrilla actions in the event of an invasion.
  • Papal States: Pope Gregory XIII continues with his strong opposition to heresy, ordering the Inquisition to double their efforts in capturing and imprisoning heretics. The Pontifical Roman Press continues the mass publication of books and pamphlets to be used by the members of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers across Europe to defend the Catholic Faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards, showing their heresy. The works made by Pope Pius II while he was canon regular and Patriarch of Venice continue to be printed by the Pontifical Roman Press. These works consists of sermons, letters and ascetic treatises. Prince Miguel of Portugal lives peacefully in the Apostolic Palace of Castel Gandolfo. He is visited by physicians of the Hospital of Rome that take care of him. These physicians also take notes of Miguel's symptoms. After many years, the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory is finally finished with the conclusion of its 97 meter tall tower. The construction of the tower to be used for studies of astronomy continues. The tower will have 73 m and will stay near the Alexandrine Gardens. The books about astronomy and optics that arrived from Byzantium are read by scholars of Saint Augustine's University. With the help of Adalfredo Meccia, Prince Amda Seyon meets with Pope Gregory XIII. The pontiff and Roman Curia welcomes the prince warmly. During the meeting, Cardinal Francesco Della Rovere proposes a tour through Rome to Amda Seyon that accepts. In Rome, they visit Saint Augustine's University and the Prince watch a class of Natural Theology, the Basilica of Saint Peter with the tombs of the deceased popes, the Sistine Library with its books that range from theology to medicine, the Alexandrine Gardens with its glass houses, ponds and plants from different parts of the world, the construction of the tower of astronomy, near the Alexandrine Gardens, the recently finished Basilica of Our Lady of Victory with it shape of Latin Cross and 97 meter tall tower, build in Brabantine Gothic, the Anastasian Academy, where Amda Seyon meets Marco Bronzino and sees Bronzino's sculpture of Our Lady of Hope that he plans to present to the pope next year. During these visits Cardinal Francesco Della Rovere presents his nephew Giuliano Della Rovere to the Prince and the two become friends after Amda tells Giuliano about his war experiences. After the tour, Prince Amda Seyon visits the Coptic community living in the March of Ancona and meets with the Coptic Bishop Kosma. With the Bishop, the Prince visits the construction of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope in Migliarelli, this Marian apparition also became popular in the Coptic community of the Papal States. While in Migliarelli, Prince Seyon receive from the Mercedine nuns a bottle of water of the spring that appeared where the Virgin Mary appeared, is said that the water have healing properties. While returning to Rome, the Prince find a woman that was fleeing from a group of men. After rescuing her, she presents herself as Beatriu de Borgia and says that is fleeing from her forced marriage, arranged by her brother Rodrigo de Borgia. The Prince is captivated by her beauty and pities her, he takes Beatriu back to Rome and says that she is now under his protection. The Prince is also outraged by this Rodrigo de Borgia, his friend Giuliano Della Rovere told him about Rodrigo's degenerate life and now can see how this man treats his own sister. "Giuliano is right, this man is a monster" Think the Prince while he and Beatriu return to Rome. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals/shipyards of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships and weapons. Adalfredo Meccia, now professor of Natural Theology at Saint Augustine's University, make travels with his students across the Papal States and visits to the Alexandrine Gardens to observe the creatures. During these travels they suggest which changes God gave to help the creatures survive. The Della Rovere and Borgia families continue to expand influence and their respective lands continue to prosper. Cardinal Francesco Della Rovere convince his brother Raffaello Della Rovere to writes to Francesco I Sforza, Duke of Modena, asking the hand of Sforza's daughter Ippolita Maria in marriage to Raffaello's son Leonardo. [MOD response needed, please]. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Ársæll and his wife have a daughter named Maria, in honor to the Blessed Virgin. The Holy Father gives the dispensation for marriage asked by the Swiss Confederation. With the fall of the Latin Empire being imminent, Pope Gregory XIII offers protection in the Papal States to the royal family and any Latin (noble, merchant or peasant) that desire to flee from Byzantium's rule. [MOD response needed, please]. Meanwhile, the pontiff also writes to Emperor John IX of Byzantium asking to open talks about the situation of the Latins that will not be able to leave Byzantium's new domains. [Byzantium response needed, please].
    • Republic of Ancona: The economy continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles and Byzantium. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Marriage approved.
    • Emperor John III and Empress Catherine II plan to move to Rome.
    • Basileus John IX writes to Pope Gregory XIII informing him that the Latins who remain in Greece will be asked to take oaths of loyalty to the Roman Empire but shall otherwise be left to tend their estates, ships, and buisnesses. He states that he seeks not to make war against the Catholic Church and its followers, but rather preserve the Orthodox traditions that the vast majority in Greece follow.
  • Spanish Empire wishing to avoid conflict within the British Isles, the Spanish Forces withdraw from the Isle of Wight. (WI)
  • 'Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The collective leadership of the "Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie" is outraged at Portuguese actions and settlement over in Nasme Sao Tome and Principe, as the Company leadership sees this as direct aggresion against the company. The leadership of the company now ramping up spending even more of getting merchants to settle and establish foreign relations in Africa. Relation with foreign African kingdoms such as Jabal Asada where the population of Hoekbaai after almost a century of setllers reaches a population over 700 while the newly acquired Yele Island has KWAC Merchants visit the island. The KWAC merchants meeting with local Shebro giving the Shebro community on the island gifts like fabrics and books in arabic and Franconian. The Lotharingian Merchants not wanting to come across as occupiers but liberators instead, thus the merchants on the island allowing the Shebro to live in peace and practice animist religion for the moment being. Meanwhile, in Congo, the Lotharingian merchants request a visit with Mai Omar Shajah king of Congo, as Lotharingian merchants want continuity in trade and prosperity. (Congo Response). Meanwhile, in Spain, the group of Lotharingian diplomats offer to bring Lotharingian Press makers and technology to Spain in return for the hiring of 5,000 Spanish mercenaries. (Spanish response). This request being done as the Lotharingian army for the first time since the Franco-Lotharingian war decided that offence is to be allowed. Thus 2,000 soldiers of the 17,000 big defence of Diksmeude together with 5,000 soldiers from the Defence of Valencijn are moved to the town of Mouvaux, this being a small bit logisticly important town between Lille and Roubaix.' As the town is not defended by the French (turn doesn't indicate soldiers in a 20 mi radius of the town), this attacking being in the hope to force the French back from Ypres. As cutting of French soldiers could fully change the situation in Lotharingia's favour, as then the Königlich-Lotharingische Marine lead by Admiraal im Krijg Maerten could cut of suplies from the sea. This action being able fully starve the French if they do not take direct action against the threat. Meanwhile, in the inner core of Lotharingia, new flag is for the time seen waving by pro-senatorial soldiers marching to the front line this being a deviation of the Lotharingian flag with a line of While in between the red bar, this stripe representing how the senate was forged by the blood of Brave men.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: Caliph Muhammad IV has numerous wives that bear him numerous children, most likely more than 20. Fortresses are updated this year, with a population census being administered. [Mod Response Needed]. Caliph Muhammad IV asks his father-in-law, the Tlemcen Sultan Abu Abbas Ahmad I, on who shall succeed his lengthy reign, him or Amir Abu Abdallah III. [Mod Response Needed].
  • Population is at least 1.8 million, organization of the census turned out to be inadequate and undercounted
  • Tlemcen is surprised, but accepts
    • Sultanate of Barbaria: Sultan Rahman, after having solidified alliances with the Nile Pirates and the Tlemcen Pirates, founding a pirate authority unmatched for the next three decades. With nearly 120 ships and an army of 10,000 at their disposal, they prepare for expansion in Europe. With rumors circulating of the Latins at war with the Greeks, Sultan Rahman sees this is a gift from Allah. With thousands of pirates across dozens of ships, Sultan Rahman invades Latin Aegea, raiding and scorching many islands across the sea. Operating quickly, they are successful in siezing the islands of Mikonos, Paros, Naxos, and Santorini, becoming territories of the pirate kingdomv within days to weeks. Much of the population on these islands are enslaved, being exported back to the mainland or being sold to allied pirate crews.
  • Swiss Confederacy: 3,000 Swiss mercenaries travel to the Kingdom of Arles to aid King Robert II against Portugal if it becomes necessary, though the diplomatic situation between Arles and Portugal seems to have become calmer in the past year. The Central Council pays close attention to the new tensions that have arisen in the British Isles, but as outright conflict seems not to have broken out yet Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg, decides to keep the Swiss Confederacy neutral for now so as to keep the Lancastrians and Yorkists within Switzerland at peace. The Central Council also continues to pay attention to the Franco-Lotharingian conflict but currently views the Arles-Portugal and British situations as more important, so while a number of members of the Central Council favour aiding Lotharingia no mercenaries are currently sent out to that conflict. The Central Council is also alarmed by the defeats suffered by the Latin Empire, but they view this as a conflict too distant for them to intervene in unless Pope Gregory XIII wer to call a Crusade. With Pope Gregory XIII having provided papal dispensation, Count Eberhard again writes to King Richard II of England to propose a marriage between his son Henry of York (b. 1432) and Eberhard's sister Constance von Lenzburg (b. 1428). (Mod response) Domestically, the government works on improving and expanding sheep farms in order to increase the wool production in the nation, creating more trade goods and boosting the economy. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy, knowing of the continuing conflict between France and Lotharingia, focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the northwestern border of the nation in the Cantons of Pontarlier, Neuchâtel, Basel-Bishopric and Basel-City, in order to prevent potential spillover of the conflict. Peter IV, Count of Savoy and Anaïs of Anjou-Lenzburg have their second child, a son named Amadeus VIII (b. 1460). Later in the year, Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse and Sophia, Countess of Upper Mark have their third child, a son named Frederick (b. 1460). Joachim (1415-1460), an illegitimate son of the late King William of France, dies of a disease.

1461

Check out the List of monarchs which is now free for editing on its own page, as a single reference guide for all ATL rulers. If you create a list of rulers on their own nation page, make sure to link them there as well.

Emperor John III and Empress Catherine II flee from Greece to live in Rome, leaving the remainder of the Latin Empire to dissolve and partitioned into its constituent vassal states: the Despotate of Achaea, the Duchy of Athens, the Kingdom of Thessaly, and the Despotate of Epirus. Thessoloniki is seized by local Orthodox leaders who throw open the gates to the Byzantines. Mecyberma and surrounding regions of Grecian Macedonia are annexed by Serbia.

The Latin royals in exile appeals again for the Italiac League and their kin in Spain to help drive off the Orthodox threat. Many reports spread that Emperor John IX, just like his father, is recruiting help from the pagan moors to strike against the Catholic states by sea.

While Richard II is in the March lands, the Prince of Wales, who is the last surviving son of Mareddud ab Owain, dies. Richard takes this opportunity to convince the Welsh nobles that he should be accepted again as the new Prince of Wales, being descendant of the Welsh royalty, and by this point thoroughly occupied the state in putting down two of their previous revolts. Owen Tudor and his family lead the opposition against this suggestion.

Duke Jakob of Livonia dies, and the United Baltic Duchies are all assumed by the Emperor Sigismund II as his personal union, in addition to the Electorate of Brandenburg.

Cao Qin stages a coup against the resident Emperor of China, and fails after a horrific battle near the palace.

A large earthquake strikes in central Italy, destroying several newly built churches designed by the patrons of the Papacy.

Andrea Verocochio becomes a prominent painter in Florence, and this year paints a scene called Tobias and the Angel. He takes a young student named Leonardo da Vinci as his apprentice.

Francois Villon composes a volume of French poetry called La Grand Testament. 

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We are joyful at the rivals death, we dance and dance. We do more baby making even though they are ugly we still love them. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improve over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation. We expand rapidly to the west and south. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Dai Viet: In February, Emperor Tư Thành visits Tây Kinh to pay homage to the previous emperors' tombs. In March, he commands local mandarins to do as quote: "From now on, encourage people to work hard as their professions, anyone who possesses land but does not work laborious shall receive penalties." In May, he orders the destruction of the fortress in Tây Đô, remains of the Ho dynasty. The building material gathered from the remains are transported back to Đông Kinh (Thăng Long) to upgrade the royal capital's fortress. On October, the Emperor writes an edict to further dividing the seven provinces into fourteen, alongside the capital of Thăng Long (Đông Kinh), after much consideration and discussions with court mandarins. The provinces, formerly named just after their geographical position, now gains regional names: Thanh Hóa, Nghệ An, Thuận Hóa, Thiên Trường, Hải Dương, Sơn Tây, Bắc Giang, An Bang, Hưng Hóa, Tuyên Quang, Thái Nguyên, Lạng Sơn, Quảng Nam and Trấn Ninh. With that, historian Ngô Sĩ Liên and other scholars are required to update to cope with the geographical maps they have been working on.
    • Lan Xang (Dai Viet protectorate): Kham Keut dies and his son Soukaphone ascends the throne with Emperor Tư Thành's blessings. With the progress of adopting the administration from Dai Viet completed, King Soukaphone made land reforms, adopting the plantation policies of Dai Viet, as well as ecouraging people to reclaim virgin soil. Thao Quốc, sister of the Emperor is made to marry Soukaphone, assuring her to maintain Dai Viet influence in Lan Xang as well as preventing any attempts on betrayal by Lan Xang to Dai Viet.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: During a trip to Sao Tome, another island is found nearby which the Portuguese name Peter I Islands (OTL Fernando Po) settlers are sent there to help establish a colony there. Total colony population now counts to 15,000 with 13,000 of these being in Portuguese West Africa. King Peter IV's wife gives birth to a daughter who they name Cirí, this is met with parades all over Portugal, as the king is quite old and the question of his successor remained unanswered until now. In November the king suffers from a severe illness and will probably not survive very long. In response to Arlese supposedly more powerful carrack 2.0 a work on a carrack 3.0 begins in Portugal as the navy sees more ships being built for it.
  • Iceland: We send an expedition to once more try to get into contact with the Innu. (Mod response needed). The King passes away after slipping in the national park and banging his head against a rock, this makes his son King Domnhall IV.
    • The Innu peoples are discovered, although they act territorially aggressive toward the expedition forces.
  • Kingdom of Arles: Surprised by the Portuguese attempt to copy and improve on our superior design, we improve our design by adding superior cannons and a last ditch rammer. An innovation by the Pisan Leader Philippe Lowen, we add sheets of metal on the sides of the ship to protect against spent cannon balls, increasing survival by a sustainable amount. Poingnards are introduced to the infantry, to be used in infiltration missions. In an effort to intimidate Portugal to back off, we ask for support from Burgundy, Hispania, Iceland, Scotland and even the Hasfid Caliphate and France. (THOSE PEEPS RESPONSE) The first new '2.1' Carracké is built. The economy is improved, and the rose wine business is now more refined with better technology. Robert II sends letters to lots of nations in Europe, to find a wife for Lucas. (OPTIONAL RESPONSE).
    • "Portuguese Diplomacy: The Portuguese fleet withdraws back to Portuguese West Africa, and allows Arles to Colonize parts of Western Sahara.
    • Pisa: Philippe Lowen moves to improve port efficiency by cleaning and upgrading. Ships are better maintained and are more able to perform. The citizens are somewhat satisfied with the new king.
  • Papal States: Pope Gregory XIII continues with his strong opposition to heresy, ordering the Inquisition to double their efforts in capturing and imprisoning heretics. The Pontifical Roman Press continues the mass publication of books and pamphlets to be used by the members of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers across Europe to defend the Catholic Faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards, showing their heresy. The works made by Pope Pius II while he was canon regular and Patriarch of Venice continue to be printed by the Pontifical Roman Press. These works consists of sermons, letters and ascetic treatises. Prince Miguel of Portugal lives peacefully in the Apostolic Palace of Castel Gandolfo. He is visited by physicians of the Hospital of Rome that take care of him. Pope Gregory XIII writes to Bavaria and Austria asking them to adopt the Inquisition and the Association of Missionaries and Preachers [MOD response needed, please]. These physicians also take notes of Miguel's symptoms. Due to the earthquake of this year, many churches and other buildings were damaged in the Papal States. This make Pope Gregory XIII start a program to repair buildings and to project new ones. The pontiff make plans to build a chapel near the Apostolic Palace. The Pope sends an invitation to Andrea del Verrochio, asking him to come to live in Rome to work painting frescos and making sculptures for the churches of the Papal States. He is also invited to participate in the Anastasian Academy. His student, Leonardo, is also invited [MOD response needed, please]. The earthquake damaged the construction of the astronomy tower that needs to slow down to be repaired. Some glass houses in the Alexandrine Gardens are also damaged, but those are minor damages that were soon repaired. Apparently the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory not suffered damages, but the pope sends a group of architects and works to study ways to reinforce the Basilica's structure so it not crumble. Thankfully the Basilica's 97 m tall tower not crumbled. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals/shipyards of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships and weapons. Prince Amda Seyon continues his stay in Rome. He meets regularly with Giuliano Della Rovere to talk about Theology, war and how Rodrigo de Borgia is despicable. The Prince continues to protect Beatriu de Borgia and hidden her from Rodrigo. He start to fall in love with her. Marco Bronzino meets with Pope Gregory XIII and presents him with the statue of Our Lady of Hope. The pontiff becomes impressed and says that the sculpture will be placed in the Sanctuary of Migliarelli. The pontiff welcomes Emperor John and Empress Catherine and gives to them the title of Lords of Macerata. Meanwhile, Adalfredo Meccia, now professor of Natural Theology at Saint Augustine's University, make travels with his students across the Papal States and visits to the Alexandrine Gardens to observe the creatures. During these travels they suggest which changes God gave to help the creatures survive. The Della Rovere and Borgia families continue to expand influence and their respective lands continue to prosper. Cardinal Francesco Della Rovere celebrates the marriage of his nephew Leonardo Della Rovere with Ippolita Maria Sforza. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Rodrigo de Borgia is enraged due to the disappearance of Beatriu. This situation deprived him from an alliance with the Sforza family. Rodrigo's sister, Joana, suffers in her marriage with Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, who prefers to stay with his mistress, Isotta degli Atti. Isotta and Padolfo already have children, while Joana had none. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. In a diplomatic letter to Emperor John IX of Byzantium, Pope Gregory XIII proposes that the title of Latin Patriarch of Constantinople will be extinct and the Latins living under Byzantium's rule will be under the Latin Archbishop of Athens, that will be part of the Catholic Church. The pope also says that the Archbishop of Athens will not meddle in the Orthodox hierarchy, under penance of excommunication and imprisonment. However, he asks the Emperor to forbid the Patriarch of Constantinople of meddling in affairs of the Catholic faith, giving punishments to those that broke this agreement [Byzantium response needed, please]. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Antonio Fatati (Republic of Ancona), John III Peckenschlager (Salzburg), Johann von Eych (Bavaria) and Angelo Capranica (Papal States).
    • Republic of Ancona: The economy continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles and Byzantium. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Basileus John IX and Patriarch of Constantinople Isidore II of Constantinople write to the Pope, informing him that it is their joint opinion that two church structures over the region of Greece will be acceptable. However, they do ask that the Pope be respectful of the prevelance of Orthodoxy in the region.
    • Bavaria and Austria agree.
    • The artists come in.
  • Mali Empire: Omar, the King of Zayiyr continues to consolidate power around the capital city of Jabal-Zayiyr, while also expanding his rule to other parts of the kingdom just south of the Kongo River. At this point, his entire military was dedicated to the suppression of local Kongolese, who already proved resistant against the gradual Islamitization of the Kongo's culture. He became entirely dependent not only to the native nobles that had switched loyalties to his side, but also the Imperial military of Abu Ismail who still managed the Manding settlements in the north. He officially permitted Ismail full access of the nation, but had little choice in this matter anyway. In the same way, Omar had no choice in the acknowledgement of the Franconian trading companies, who likewise were permitted access and an audience to his court. Omar further expanded the road system and education centers of Kongo, hoping to bring the native people up to the standards that Mali enjoys. He slowly began to rebuild the native Kongolese military, but dismissed them after five months out of fear of an uprising. Back in the capital city of Niani, Mansa Khalil once again consecrated his marriage to another woman of the city, named Moomtaz Zuhur. This woman was famed to be the most beautiful woman in all of Africa, and her charm was known to be as powerful as her wit. She was married to the Mansa Khalil, but instead of sleeping with him right away, she instead spent the night telling him a story. The next day, Khalil could not bring himself to have the woman executed, without hearing the end of her story first, so he relentd and allowed her to live.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: With the Tlemcen Sultan Abu Abbas Ahmad I dying this year and having confirmed Caliph Muhammad IV as his heir, the territory of Tlemcen is annexed. The mostly prosperous status of the Caliphate has allowed for infrastructure to expand and urbanize, mostly influenced by Greco-Roman designs in companionship with Umayyad influence. New military tactics are written as the encirclement strategy developed by now-deceased General Malik Al-Najm during the Libyan Jihad is perfected while other methods are looked into. Like his fatherm Caliph Muhammad IV wishes to depose the Abbasids in Egypt, hoping that his grandson-in-law, the Hafsid-Muslimid Amir Abu Yahya Zakariya, could somehow obtain the position of Sultan of Egypt. During a visit of Amir Abu Yahya Zakariya from Cairo, he speaks with Caliph Muhammad IV, who relays the message of having the Amir poison the Prince of Egypt, the Amir Abdullah II. The Amir does so, poisoning the Prince in hopes of killing him and succeeding to the position of heir upon the death of the elderly Muslimid Sultan, Abdullah ibn Muslim. [Mod Response Needed].
    • Mod Response: Amir Abdullah II immediately feels unwell and is escorted back to his palace after an hour of vomiting. He is incapacitated for some time and expected to die, but recovers later in the year. When he wakes up, he initially believes Abu Yahya Zakirya had simply served him spoiled food and was very annoyed. However, he fixates on it and begins to grow a little suspicious of his step-brother, if not very resentful.
    • Sultanate of Barbaria: Sultan Rahman, after having solidified alliances with the Nile Pirates and the Tlemcen Pirates, founding a pirate authority unmatched for the next three decades. With nearly 120 ships and an army of 10,000 at their disposal, they prepare for expansion in Europe. With rumors circulating of the Latins at war with the Greeks, Sultan Rahman sees this is a gift from Allah. With thousands of pirates across dozens of ships, Sultan Rahman invades Latin Aegea, raiding and occupying many islands across the sea. This year, he sends 3,000 men by sea to siege Athens, in an effort to expand across the sea by overthrowing the disorganized and weakened Latin state. Elsewhere, groups of 1,000 siege Smyrna while 1,500 besiege the island of Karpathos, home of the Order of Bari, although upon arrival at Karpathos, they discover the islands to be empty, likely retreating to Sicily. The island is fortified with 200 pirates while the remaining 1,300 begin raid campaigns along the coastline of Archea. Smaller groups of 500 raid Andravida and Thessalonica, with dozens of ships raiding along trade lines in the region. [Algos/Mod Response Needed]. In the mainland, Sultan Rahman expands in influence in Ifriqiya, with a number of his advisors blackmailing nobility or simply paying them off for their support under the nose of the Caliph. This allows him to expand his sphere of influence without initiating a war with the Caliphate. 
  • Empire of Ethiopia: After spending two years as a guest of the Pope in Rome, Amda Seyon departs from Rome to Egypt, dodging pirate ships from the new berber pirate fleets. From Egypt the Prince catches an Ethiopian ship back to Beri, returning to Ethiopia after nearly 17 years away. The Prince brings with him his Italian wife Beatriu de Borgia, along with several Roman and Byzantine scholars, artists and craftsmen, seeking lives of wealthy elites in Ethiopia as the Prince’s guests. The Prince’s arrival back to the Empire is met with jubilance, as thousands line the road to witness the return of the Prince. The Emperor Tewodros, Empress Sofia, Princess Nyala and the Crown Prince Tewodros II meet with Amda Seyon on the steps of the Imperial palace in a touching family reunion. Trouble stirs, however, after Amda Seyon introduces his wife, the Lady Beatriu de Borgia, whom the Empress Sofia recognizes as a member of the infamous Borgia family from Rome. While the Empress is glad to see her son return, she is cold to his new Catholic wife, instructing her handmaidens to ignore her requests. Nonetheless, the Princess Borgia’s beauty captivates many in attendance, and she charms the Emperor with her grace and demeanor. He quickly warms to her, calling her “daughter”, much to the Empress’s chagrin. The Prince’s return is declared a day of celebration, and the government sets up stands giving out free bread, khat and wine for the celebration. The Prince also presents numerous gifts from various European rulers to the Emperor, including a luxury silk dress given by the Basileus John to his sister the Empress Sofia. The Emperor himself hosts a large feast in the Imperial Palace, where Amda Seyon regales the crowd of nobles and bureaucrats with stories about his travels in Europe, from his education in Constantinople to fighting the Lotharingians in Western France. The Emperor and Crown Prince are fascinated by Amda Seyon’s war stories, especially of the brutal sieges he encountered against European castles. Ethiopia, with its natural fortifications never built castles, and the stories of these massive stone fortresses being blown apart by gunpowder cannons captures the imaginations of the dinner guests. The Emperor is shocked to hear Europe is still a place full of warfare, as the Ethiopian mission to Europe nearly half a century ago also reported a massive European war in Western Europe, perhaps the very same one. The Ethiopian impression of Western Europe as a land full of feuding and warring Christians is reinforced by this news. 
  • Roman Empire: Basileus John, now an old man, comes down with fever in camp near Thessaloniki. He sends for his son Gregorios, who arrives shortly before his father’s passing. He is crowned in Thessaloniki at Hagios Demetrios as Basileus of Rome, Emperor of the Greeks and Romans. The Latins discredited and their emperor absent the Roman Armies at Thessaloniki and Larissa convene and march South to Thessaly. The joint army, numbering 13,000 men, will secure Thessaly for the empire, laying siege to its capital Larissa with siege guns. (Algo Please) With the establishment of two Orthodox States in Greece, the Despotates of Epirus and Achea, Basileus Gregorios hopes to restore the empire. He sends envoys to Epirus to seek their vassalage. He also sends Thomas Zachariah envoys to negotiate his vassalage. Both rulers are offered internal autonomy and protection in exchange for 5% of their revenue. (Mod Responses Please) A military man, Basileus Gregorios promises his soldiers lands and property beyond their current wealth, and spreads heavily on the war. The treasury continues to drain, now at an accelerating rate. He sends the mercenaries hired to fight in Asia Minor home, paying them well.
    • Despotates of Cappadocia and Lycaonia: With Asia Minor stabilizing after several years of relatively peaceful occupation the Armies of Cappadocia and Lycaonia are able to refocus on stabilizing Caria and the Beyliks, economic prosperity, and returning to their farms.
  • Chimu: "Years have passed since the start of the new Civil war. The conflict has escalated severely and several villages were destroyed. The Pakatmayo went in hiding for a few years, to bid their time for another strike. An failed assasination attempt was made against Viracocha, were the agent that was going to execute him was discovered before the start of the Ritual. Child sacrifices were made in order to get the Sun god to give the chimunese people power to fight against this new threat. Skirmishs and battles were made over the course of the years. The Chimunese civilization is still on peace, but the war that was apparently over, is not over yet. Economy is repaired in a 40%, and most merchants are escorted by the military. Viracocha has now a royal guard to protect him from any assasination attempt. Religious affairs are stable, but they caused another smaller conflict between organizations. These conflicts are being controlled by the military of both nations. Meanwhile, The Pakatmayo are bidding their time to attempt war on Viracocha again.."
  • Swiss Confederacy: Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg again writes to King Richard II of England to propose to arrange a marriage between Richard II's son Henry of York (b. 1432) and Eberhard's sister Constance von Lenzburg (b. 1428). (Mod response). 3,000 Swiss mercenaries remain with King Robert II of Arles to protect them against Portugal as tensions between those two nations continue. Though, as the situation is currently not an outright military conflict, the Central Council considers withdrawing the mercenaries if it appears they are not needed within a few years. The Central Council is pleased the dispute over the Isle of Wight appears to have been resolved, though they pay close attention to the new tensions that have arisen in Wales. Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg considers sending mercenaries to support King Richard II of England in this situation, but decides to keep the Swiss Confederacy neutral for now to avoid upsetting anti-French anti-Yorkist nobles within Switzerland. Count Eberhard and the Central Council write to Pope Gregory XIII to offer to accept refugees from the Latin Empire if there is an excess of them in Rome. (Papal response). The Central Council continue to pay attention to the conflict between Lotharingia and France, though they have become slightly confused as to what exactly its status is. Domestically, the government prepares to potentially accept refugees from the Latin Empire and funds the expansion and improvement of the University of Basel. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy works on improving the city walls and other fortifications of the major western cities of Basel, Bern and Geneva. Bishop of Lausanne Georges of Saluces dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Guillaume de Varax, previously Bishop of Belley in France. Later in the year, Patriarch of the Western Church Fernando Estigarribia (1389-1461) dies. He is succeeded as Western Patriarch by Eneko Etcheverry (b. 1405), a Basque priest from Iruñea/Pamplona. The Central Council writes to Pope Gregory XIII, proposing that Etcheverry be created cardinal to replace the previous Western Patriarch. (Papal response). Hearing that King Robert II of Arles is seeking a marriage for his son Lucas (b. 1432), Count Eberhard proposes Sophia of Gorizia (b. 1437), sister of Henry VII, Count of Gorizia and Eberhard's second cousin, as a potential bride. (Arles response) (Mod response of Gorizia). Marie of Anjou-Lenzburg (1390-1461), widow of King William of France and aunt of King Robert II of Arles, dies of natural causes. Thomas Courtenay, 14th Earl of Devon and husband of Anna of Hesse, is injured after falling off a horse but survives.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Gregory XIII thanks Count Eberhard and the Central Council for their offer and will allow some refugees to go to the Swiss Confederacy. The pontiff also creates Patriarch Eneko Etcheverry as cardinal.
    • Gorizia is OK with this.
    • Arles accept.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: As we are preparing to leave Wales with our troops, King Edward is horrified by the announcement of King Richard that he is once more pushing his candidacy for the rulership of Wales, and his attempts to convince the Welsh nobles to support him. We remind him pointedly of the previous attempt he made, were we were forced to directly fight him in battle, and of the fierce resistance the Welsh people showed to being under an English ruler again. In the name of our mutual friendship and long alliance, Edward begs King Richard to drop his candidacy, stating that, although it pains him immensely and he would absolutely hate to do so, that Richard persisting in attempting to claim the throne will force us to end our alliance with him, despite our bonds of friendship and marrige, and to abandon him to face the remaining Lancaster forces in Ireland and in the many parts of England that still resent his rule on his own. Although we make it absolutely clear this is a worst case scenario and not at all the one we want, we also make it clear that we are 100% serious in this, and that Scotland can’t accept a re-unification of Wales and England under any circumstances, regardless of our alliance. However, we do state our willingness to find a compromise candidate, and that we are fine with an English candidate being Prince of Wales, we just state that we cannot support the king of England or someone close to inheriting England being Prince of Wales unless that candidate gives up their claims to the English throne, which he cannot do for obvious reasons. We also point out that this will seriously disrupt our plans for an invasion of Ireland to root out the last remaining Lancaster supporters, and that if he gets bogged down fighting a rebellion in Wales that he will be left vulnerable to Lancaster plots. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED FOR ALL OF THIS FOR HOW RICHARD RESPONDS). We also continue to spread propaganda of the Bruce claim on Ireland, based on the Bruce invasion of Ireland and brief claiming of high kingship during the first failed Scottish war of independence, and the Bruce’s descent from numerous Irish relatives that were heavily related to the kingship.
    • Richard considers that Scotland should have no reason to intervene in the situation like this, as their continued support, long-standing alliance, and marriage ties have completer solidfied Scotland's support for the Yorkists as being far more important than whatever loose ties they have with Wales. With the civil unrest in Wales that have resulted in two revolts recently, the stability of the nation is untenable without direct outside support, and Richard already has both local military backing and legal precedent to be that candidate. This would have nothing to do with Welsh's newly-created independence as it is still its own nation, with its own recently-formed parliament, but would exist as a personal union only so far as to retain Yorkist support to keep Wales stable. But if Scotland continues to push their threats at the expense of integrity of their alliance, he will reconsider his decision.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The merchants of the "Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie" in Congo, hearing of the Gradual islamitisation of Congo state an official protest. The Merchants seeing the actions of the king as destabilising to the region of Congo, but due to need for trade this action does not go farther then that. As the KWAC begins to send some setlers and merchants to yele island as the island combined with Shebro Island, as these locations are believed to be better trading posts for trade farther eastward such as Congo. On the route back from the Congo a couple of merchants dock at Etulá where they greet the locals and give them gifts. The leader of the voyage "Hendrick Wevers" meeting the local islands and declaring Etulá to be under "Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie" Protection as he finds the local leaders very friendly and open people, Hendrick even considering selling arms as a manner to keep the island from Portuguese setlement. The captain allows a total of ten members of the voyage crew to stay on the island and marry the African locals. Meanwhile, in Lotharingia, the Lotharingian force of 7,000 soldiers of Combined Lotharingian Hanseatic origin are able to recapture the town of Mouvaux which the French did not re-enforce thus leaving it open for the Lotharingian army to march into the small town between Rysel and Robaais. The Lotharingian forces at Diksmeude seeing the French go away southward, begin a chase without more then small skirmishes as to make sure the French cannot rest. The 7,000 strong force in Mouvaux getting 5,000 of the 15,000 from Valencijn to re-enforce the small town and together with the pursuing Diksmeude force, strongmen the French into peace negotiations. As King Godfried desires peace at most with France and Burgundy, as the war ebgins to cost a lot of money to pay of soldiers and defence. With news of the Oyo-Benin war the KWAC offers to sell Guns and cannons in return for recognition of the Etulá protectorate, the use of the KWAC for represenation to foreign powers and POW. (Oyo response).
  • The Spanish Empire: Katherine de León begins to be known as the Princess of the people. As a young lady of the church, she helps aid in funding of the Grand Basilica de Hispania in Toledo but also donating money to the peasantry assisting in their payments and increasing their livelihood. This issue is given to aid the most disadvantaged people in Iberia that had been heavily impacted during the Spanish Civil War and are still recovering. Seeing the beauty of The Spanish Armada with her father while meeting Don Danielo de Orango, it has become her dream to emphasise what she regards as La Conquista Nueva, A New Conquest but over the waves. This dream is already shared by her father after ensuring dominance over Western Mediteranean Trade but now wishing to ensure taking up the most valued network, The Atlantic Trade. Hispanic Merchants find themselves profiting quite significantly in the English Channel and Bay of Biscay as a result of Goods being brought through the Silk Road, Mediteranean, and African Trade alike and then being sold off in their markets. As Western Africa's Markets become better secured, funding by the Spanish West African Company bring about the implementation to construct trade posts near the shores. Bioko Island and Rio Campo. West African Company Mercenaries numbering 800 strong ensure the construction can be implemented successfully so profits and returns can be made as quickly as possible from this latest investment. Diego Suarez and Carlos de Palma are made governors of these locations. Meanwhile, the deal with a friendly Lotharingia is accepted in order to operate our very own presses.
  • Duchy of Saxony: The Duke‘s great-nephew Sigismund of Brandenburg-Bohemia (b. 1444) and his great-niece Maria of Brandenburg-Bohemia (b. 1445) are still unmarried. Any marriage offers for them are welcome. The Duke loses his left foot this year after getting stuck in a marsh for a week resulting in an infection growing up his leg. The foot is replaced by a flat wooden slate, which becomes a popular substitute for feet amongst the populace. In attempts to imitate their beloved Duke, people began cutting off their own feet and replacing them with wooden slates. Fortunately, the Duke soon puts a stop to this. He begins to pass more of his duties to his oldest son Wenceslaus. His son August (b. 1445) has an illegitimate son named Ernest, who is adopted by his cousin the Count of Wasaborg and given the name Ernest of Wasaborg.

1462

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The remaining Catholic states left in Greece suffer greatly from the ongoing chaos. Thessaly immediately submits to be a vassal of Byzantium after the siege of Larissa. Athens manages to fend off the Moorish invasion after suffering tremendous damage to their ports and cities. The Order of Bari is overwhelmed by Barbary raids, but miracuoluosly the Knights of Saint John in Smyrna defeated the Saracens. Emperor John pleads with the Italic league and his kinsmen in Spain to help restore his throne and fight the Byzantines.

After years of occupying and annexing part of Ligny, King Henry II of France leads the army of 15,000 troops to strike against the Franconian position in Mouvaux, asking Burgundy for assistance. One local legend mentions that a "Maid of Mouvaux" was left homeless when her house was destroyed by the fighting, and so was permitted to immigrate to Lotharingia.

Rchard II of England approves of the marriage offered by the House of Lenzburg to his son Henry. However, two months later Henry requests that he should decline this political marriage, as he had already vowed before God that he was going to marry his mistriss Eleanor Talbott, a minor English noblewoman. This outrages his father Ricahard, and some rumors circulate on the continent that Prince Henry was tricked into this contract by Eleanor's schemes.

Seeing the current threats from his supposed ally Scotland, Richard pauses on his attempts to claim the Welsh throne, and even withdraws his troops from the city of Cardiff back to the March lands. He does not dispose his claim to be Prince of Wales, however, which further upsets the Scottish nobles. Cardiff likewise suffers some minor unrest, and Owen Tudor sets up the southern Welsh harbor as a haven for private Irish ships.

In Wallachia, Prince Vlad III "the Impaler" stages a revolt to drive the Hungarians out of the nation for good. His inconculsive battle against Hungary ends up failing to kill the King, but succeeds in decimating an army three times his size.

In Modena, a local friar named Odoric is beloved for his claimed mystical experiences and minor healings. He begins preaching across cities a message he had recieved from angels, telling him to spread word that people should wash their hands and practice social distancing, whatever that means.

Portugal's colonies are found they cannot sustain more than 3,000 people total at the moment.

All the Jews are expelled from the city of Mainz by the local government.

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We are joyful at the rivals death, we dance and dance. We do more baby making even though they are ugly we still love them. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improve over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation. We expand rapidly to the west and south. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Kingdom of Arles: We accept the marriage. We are happy that Portuguese has backed off from Africa, we send a large expedition to western Sahara, led by the best admiral created by the naval academie de Marseilles, Marco Hisrtomac. 12 transports carrying 6,000 people, two galleys, two 1.0 Carrrackés and and eighteen supply ships travel to OTL Boujdour and forms a settlement known as Nouvelle Digne. We send an ultimatum to Asti, demanding that they become a vassal or face war. (MOD RESPONSE). Three 2.1 Carrackés are built, and the army at Portuguese border withdraws. The two universities at Gap and Marseilles average results are improving. The economy is improved.
    • Pisa: The economy is improved and the army is consolidated.
    • The city of Asti is willing to be a vassal, but this causes alarm with neighboring Modena.
  • Orebro Union: King Olaf continues to support the creation of Copenhagen's Jewish community, inviting the Jews expelled from Mainz to reside in Copenhagen offering them the same protections as the one's who had been accepted by his father years earlier an offical census is also made of the Jews. (Mod response). Piracy continues being fought in the Baltic Sea, as King Olaf orders his forces to concentrate on crippling the pirate bases in Finland, and Estonia. King Olaf requests that the Holy Roman Emperor send an expedition to quell the pirates, or that the empeor allows Örebro to do so. (Mod Response).
    • The Jews immigrate over from Mainz.
    • Emperor Sigismund II offers a joint effort to quell the pirates between the navies of Sweden and Livonia.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: As the Azores and Madeira are considered integral parts of Portugal, 6,000 persons from the colonies are sent to be split between them. 1,000 people will live on Fernando Po and 2,000 on Sao Tome while works on massive housing and infrastructure will bring this up to 10,000 within five years. The rest of the several hundred still remain in Western Africa as works on housing and facilities there begins. The king's illness got worse and worse this year as he suddenly died on the 14 August. He is suceeded by his two-year-old daughter Cirí who is proclaimed Queen Cirí III. Ciri III is betrothed to the former dynasty's last king's son Adalberto (asked the pope who allowed it).
  • Dai Viet: As an effort to further strengthen government administration management, the Emperor made new reforms to the annual Hương examinations. The deadline to submit the Hương entries is on August. Upon applying for the exam, entrants must inform their and their ancestors' identity, residence and age. People who are related to criminals, traitors, corrupt officials, or who that have commited impiety to their parents, disloyalty, scamming, incest, etc. are forbidden from entry. Poetry exams shall be written with 300 words or more while History exams shall be written with 1,000 or more. The Emperor made a new policy regarding militarial recruitment: each every three years, the household register of each households in each communes are renewed called "tiểu điển", while each six years, they are remade to be called "đại điển". At each those six-year checkpoint, each regional commune governor shall bring their household register to Dong Kinh to rewrite their current commune population in the imperial statistics. At these checkpoints, the court also will send some mandarins to those communes to make small military recruiting schools to check on the newly recruitments. The policy to send portions of the military back home for labor is kept. The Emperor also adopts the former policies regarding plantations and is set to expand the scales. On the 4th of December, Prince Tranh is made the Crown Prince, the general amnesty is granted to the realm.
    • Lan Xang (protectorate of Dai Viet): Princess Thao Quốc, now Queen of Vạn Tượng (Lan Xang), is given the task to supervise and advice the Royal Court's actions. This is made to assure Dai Viet influence in the Lan Xang court as well as maintaining Lan Xang loyalty. As Dai Viet influence in Lan Xang has been growing in the past twenty years, the forgein population of Vietnamese in Lan Xang has grown as a few self-governing villiage of Vietnamese has been popping up in Champasak Province.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The Emperor Tewodros’s health had been declining for the past few years, with many noticing his absence at Court, with the Crown Prince Tewodros II, the Prince of Kaffa, instead carrying out most of his father’s monarchical duties. The Emperor’s health fully deteriorates this year, and he is confined to his bed until finally he passes away peacefully in his sleep, comforted by his wife, the Empress Sofia, and their children the Crown Prince Tewodros II, the Princess Nyala, and the Prince Amda Seyon, along with his wife the Princess Borgia. The reign of Tewodros directly oversaw the beginning of Ethiopia’s Golden Age, with Tewodros pursuing a policy of internal development rather than further conquest. As a result the Empire has developed into a thriving centralized state, with an administration to ensure stability, an agricultural sector to feed the masses, a trade sector that brings huge wealth and goods into the Empire, and the beginnings of a commercial and industrial sector. Additionally, his patronage of the arts led to a cultural surge in Ethiopia, with the spread and patronage of thousands of sculptors, painters, poets, scholars and other intellectuals. Many recognize Tewodros’s contribution to the current high status of Ethiopia and come to pay their respects upon the announcement of his death. A massive funeral is held wherein his body is brought from the palace to his latest project, the Hall of Champions, for a large funeral attended by various nobles, aristocrats and the public at large. His body is then moved to the Imperial Mausoleum for burial with his ancestors. News of the Emperor’s death spreads quickly throughout Ethiopia, The Crown Prince Tewodros II, the Prince of Kaffa, is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia, with his wife Zoya being crowned Empress. He gives the title of Prince of Kaffa to his first born son, the new Crown Prince Tewodros III. Additionally, to honor his father the new Emperor declares his father “Tewodros the Great”.
  • Iceland: Young king Domnhall IV was discussing things with his Cousin Ólaf when he mysteriously disappeared. And is succeeded by Ólaf as Ólaf V. The king orders that presents shall be given to the Innu to try to establish communications.(response needed). We try to establish a 200 population fishing village in Newfoundland. (Response Needed).
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Bureaucracy, and the government has created a territorial base for patrols to settle built ships for military and positions' they made some effort with new laws, to sumbit at the citizens and the office security some reform has been added, insist that King Casimir was concerned in his day they spend money for the economy in side to side, money is spent one of the provinces, from Lithuania begins to elevate economy and the central key of business and more it will become more efficient and complete in development. A weekend later, the cathedral placed sculptures on the statues and began to install on the chapel's side with influence western's style in addition to that, art begins to be influenced on a mordernizations and written texts on the chapters and to sell textiles in the market Casimir was discussing it with their nobles and led to a cultural's social to contributes and improve the duchy of Lithuania a massive port is being built to settle here and spread quickly throught some new improvement on the trade route of Lithuania, and profiting on it some scholar are being paid and constructed to place and some areas are being upgraded to news and one of the provinces become a metropolitan region to regroup the counties with some good improvement effort and the current high status of Lithuania become a development issues and contribute the key of economy as so far, 1,000 productions are being contributed there and many cities to buy copy and textiles to brought huge production and one of office are being added as well the discusion of Casimir was a good idea to make effort and which calculating that the trade continue to grow up and Casimir, was being to learn Latin and some textiles are being written in it and supported the development stages and  he trained for the responsibilities of office and share a great interest in, economy affair for the country and so far the people felt a strong reluctance toward him.
  • Papal States: Pope Gregory XIII continues with his strong opposition to heresy, ordering the Inquisition to double their efforts in capturing and imprisoning heretics. The Pontifical Roman Press continues the mass publication of books and pamphlets to be used by the members of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers across Europe to defend the Catholic Faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards, showing their heresy. The works made by Pope Pius II while he was canon regular and Patriarch of Venice continue to be printed by the Pontifical Roman Press. These works consists of sermons, letters and ascetic treatises. Pope Gregory XIII writes to Imperator Christianissimus Sigismund II asking him to adopt the Inquisition and the Association of Missionaries and Preachers in Livonia. [MOD response needed, please]. The pope also sends a letter to Friar Odoric of Modena to come explain his ideas to the pontiff. [MOD response needed, please]. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals/shipyards of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships and weapons. With the attacks of Berber pirates becoming more common in the Mediterranean, the ships of the Papal Navy patrol the coast of the Papal States and will attack any pirate ship that is sighted. Pope Gregory XIII continues with his project to beautify the city of Rome. The pontiff commissions with Andrea del Verrochio a statue of bronze of Pope Alexander V to be placed in the Alexandrine Gardens. Gregory XIII also asks Verrochio to paint frescos at the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory depicting the Holy League's victory over the Ottoman Sultanate. Leonardo da Vinci helps his master Verrochio to make the frescos. With the Apostolic Palace in bad condition due to the earthquake of last year, the pope orders it to be razed so a new building can be erected. In the new palace, a chapel, named Cappella Magna, will be build. Pope Gregory XIII writes to Melozzo da Forlì, Pierro della Francesca and the young Donato Bramante asking them to come to Rome to work in the project of the Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna. [MOD response needed, please]. Marco Bronzino is chosen by Pope Gregory XIII to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue this year, after the damage by last year earthquake was repaired. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. Adalfredo Meccia, now professor of Natural Theology at Saint Augustine's University, make travels with his students across the Papal States and visits to the Alexandrine Gardens to observe the creatures. During these travels they suggest which changes God gave to help the creatures survive. The Della Rovere and Borgia families continue to expand influence and their respective lands continue to prosper. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. After hearing about about the death of Emperor Tewodros of Ethiopia from some Coptics living in Rome, Giuliano Della Rovere writes a letter to his friend, Prince Amda Seyon, giving him condolences and talking about the architecture changes in Rome being made by Pope Gregory XIII. [Ethiopia response needed, please]. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Pope Gregory XIII agrees with the Emperor of Byzntium and with the Patriarch of Constantinople. Leopold of Habsburg, son of Prince Eric of Habsburg, marry a noble woman named Francesca Salviati. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Giacomo Paladini (Papal States) and Patriarch Derick McDouglas (Celtic Church).
    • Republic of Ancona: The economy continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles and Byzantium. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • The emperor agrees to lead the inquision in Livonia.
    • The artists accept.
    • Odoric of Modena visits Rome briefly to explain his visions telling people to wash their hands and practice social distancing. He couldn't stay long, as he wants to return to preaching to the common people of Italy.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: Duchess Anne of Burgundy dispatches 8,000 men under the command of Count Charles I of Nevers as second in command to assist King Henry II of France against Lotharingia in Mouvaux as requested by the French King. An additional 8,000 men under the command of her father, Phillip III the Good serve to assist King Edward Bruce of Scotland's forces in their intervention in Wales in support of Duke Alisdair Bruce of Gwynedd against Owen Tudor. The Burgundian School of music, this form of polyphonic music that has become an inseparable part in the lives of the members of the Burgundian Court in Dijon, as such groundbreaking music compositions was reveled by her predecessors, her father and her grandfather back when it was initially introduced, now continues to develop and envolve into a new form of unparalleled compositions. The works of musicians and composers to the likes of Guillaume Dufay, Gilles Binchois, Antoine Busnois and (as an influence), the English composer John Dunstaple certainly do not pass unnoticed, on the contrary they continue to enrich the beautiful heritage of this region. Duchess Anne of Burgundy-Valois has embraced this fascinating genre, not only because she takes pride that her Duchy's achievements, but also because the melodical nature of these compositions is unparalleled. She also sponsors the musicians and composers of the Burgundian school, proving to be a great patronage of the arts, with much of the lower nobility now embracing this genre into their everyday lives.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di" With the taking of Mouvaux and the majority of the French forces in Ypres leaving to prepare a counterattack on the 12,000 Hanse-Lotharingian soldier. This leaves 6,000 French forces left on the walls of Ypres, this force being smaller then the Lotharingians on otherside of the front line. This force of 12,000 Lotharingia with pikemen and Punaisiers together with come cannoneer groops the cannoneers trying to turn the ground behind the French enemy to mud as to prevent the French from being able to retreat effectively. As the Lotharingian army will still holds parts of Ypres which the French were unable to take in the first battle of Ypres, the Lotharingians using mostly infantry tactics in the muddy grounds of Ypres against the French cavalry. While in Mouvaux 5,000 Spanish mercanaries arive to aid the defence together with another 5,000 From Valencijn, Dulle griet even being moved from Nanzig to Mouvaux using the Rhine and later on the Schelde. This is done as the cannon is needed more in Mouvaux as her defences are quite light compared that of Nanzig, as Mouvaux isn't walled like Nanzig is. Thus 5,000 soldiers from the victorious second batte of Ypres are send (Forgot to mention them before as I misread old turn), while at the same time 12,000 soldiers are send from Valencijn. The Army in Ypres numbering 14,000 and the army of Valencijn 3,000, thus the total of Soldiers in Mouvaux is 29,000 soldiers with a third of that number in the town itself to replace. The numbers of the Lotharingian soldiers being so high as godfried Regnier and Aldermen von Hanze are in dire need of a victory as the costs and morale are weighing heavy on the population. After 20 days of fighting in Mouvaux the combined Hanse-Lotharignian army defeats the French army taking heavy casualties but scoring a victory. Lotharingia is thus not at danger anymore from any French invasion as all of her troops have fled or been captured, with this King Godfried Regnier now offering a truce with the French king. (Mod Response). As Godfried believes peace should be established once more Western Europe, as the Franco-Lotharingian war has cost a lot of lives without any significant move in front line. While the  "Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie" offer the Kingdom of portugal to split the island of Etulá as a compromise to solve the Portuguese Lotharingian tensions. (Portugal response).
  • Kingdom of Scotland: Although we are very angered by Richard's obvious lack of care for what we actually said, and his attempt to claim the throne AFTER PREVIOUSLY RENOUNCING HIS CLAIM TO IT, we don’t wish to compromise the alliance since he has withdrawn from Wales. Instead we directly intervene with our 6,000 Scottish and 8,000 Burgundian troops (14,000 total) in the area to crush the Tudors. (Algo Request) We do our best to clear up the minsudnerstanding with Richard, however, stating that we were not intending to threaten him, but to state we couldn’t continue the alliance IF A COMPROMISE COULD NOT BE REACHED, and to point out that he had previously renounced his claim to the throne of Wales. Although we state we are still very much against a personal union between Wales and England, as this would obviously result in eventual Welsh annexation by England, we are still willing to compromise, as we also do not to lose our own major influence in Wales. As a compromise, we propose Alisdair Bruce, Duke of Gwynedd, who has a much stronger connection to Wales personally as a duke and has lived there for a long time, and who has a much stronger claim to the throne as a grandson of Owain Lawgoch through his mother, take the throne and marry a member of the house of York, in order to solidify the alliance between Wales, England, and Scotland without causing Wales to lose its independence well still being heavily tied to the Yorkists and recognizing England’s influence over it. However, we state that this is merely our initial proposal, and that we are still entirely willing to come to a mutually beneficial compromise on the issue (mod response).
  • Kingdom of Eiru: After Scotland sent a non- secret communication to the King of England saying about how they plan to invade Ireland and how Scottish agents have entered the country and started spreading lies about a fictitious Bruce invasion of Ireland and fictitious claim to the High Kingship when no such events occurred. The King puts out his own message clearly, there is no nor was there ever a Scottish claim to the throne of Ireland and this is nothing more than an act of aggression. While Scotland and Ireland were on different sides of the English civil war it comes as treachery for our supposed brothers in the Celtic confederacy. Both houses of the Parliament of Ireland are called to discuss events unfolding. Anger at the Scottish treachery is widespread across the Irish parliament after many had shed blood against them in the English civil war and they have little association with Scotland. The King largely recluses himself from the conversation with Tadgh Liath Mac Carthaigh whose daughter Keelin Carthaigh is married to his heir Aodh speaking for the King. The agents of Scotland who are caught have their tongues removed with hot pincers and nailed to their foreheads before being sent back to Scotland with a message that the King of Scotland is a liar and brigand. Parliament agree to a statement declaring the King of Scotland to be a liar and a brigand and to renew work on defences including fortifications, the navy and feudal lords should keep their armies ready. A tax on land is agreed almost unanimously to be raised by Parliament to pay for this. Soldiers continue to be stationed at the major ports in castles which are updated with new funds while the force at Athlone is available and ready but in the event of a war has no intention of fighting a direct battle. Other forces remain at home ready to defend their own homes.
  • Swiss Confederacy: Hearing about Henry of York and the supposed marriage precontract, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg writes to King Richard II of England again, suggesting Henry may have been tricked into the precontract by machinations of Eleanor's father, John Talbot the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, and he encourages Richard to investigate this and try to change his son's mind. If Henry of York continues to insist upon the precontract and it cannot be annulled, Eberhard proposes to instead have his sister Constance von Lenzburg (b. 1428) marry Henry's brother Edmund of York. (Mod response) As the dispute between Arles and Portugal appears to have subsided, the 3,000 Swiss mercenaries in Arles are recalled back to the Swiss Confederacy. Instead, at the urging of nobles who are upset with the Edict of Reims in France, Eberhard offers the King of Lotharingia the use of 3,000 Swiss mercenaries to defend his territory. (Lotharingia response) The Central Council continues to pay attention to the dispute in Wales, though they currently think military conflict is unlikely to occur and thus remain officially neutral for now. Count Eberhard hears King Domnhall III of Iceland is looking for marriages for his sisters, and thus writes to him with two proposed marriages: he proposes to arrange a marriage between Ísabella Sturlungur (b. 1435) and Eberhard's second cousin Henry VII, Count of Gorizia (b. 1436), and also proposes to arrange a marriage between Seselia Sturlungur (b. 1438) and the Lenzburg-related Swiss noble William IV, Count of Geneva (b. 1438). (Iceland response) (Mod response for Gorizia) The Swiss bishops study the preachings of Odoric of Modena, though they cannot come to a conclusion yet as to whether they are significant or not. Domestically, the government works on improving roads in the northeastern Cantons of Augsburg, Kempten, Montfort, Salem and Constance to increase trade and generally improve the economy in this region. Refugees from the Latin Empire sent to the Swiss Confederacy by Rome are settled in the major cities of Zürich, Basel and Constance, with some of those less educated or more agriculturally skilled brought to the rural parts of the large Cantons of Bern and Chur. The joint military of the Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the southern border of the nation in the Cantons of Sion, Uri, Disentis and Chur. Cardinal-Bishop of Constance Heinrich von Hewen dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Burkhard von Randegg. Count Eberhard writes to Pope Gregory XIII to propose that Bishop of Basel Johann V von Venningen be created cardinal to replace von Hewen. (Papal response) Maria of Gorizia (1404-1462), the second wife of Engelbert I and IV of Saxony and Mark (1376-1446), dies of a disease. Peter IV, Count of Savoy and Anaïs of Anjou-Lenzburg have their third child, a son named Aymon (b. 1462).
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Gregory XIII creates Bishop Johann V von Venningen as cardinal.
    • Iceland: The marriage is gladly accepted.
  • The Spanish Empire: As further exploration continues along the African Coast, Spanish Explorer Enrique Castillo reaches the mouth of the River Congo. Meanwhile, on the Island of Gloria (Bioko), the construction of a wooden fort around the settlement is completed and a small expedition force is sent out to reach out to any potential natives of the island. Gloria (Bioko) sees quite the activity as a minor post trading with the locals for goods and slaves. These slaves are brought to the Port of Conakry where if they choose to not embrace Hispanic Culture and Catholicism, their servitude to their employers will not end. Nonetheless, they have decent living conditions in the working and moving of goods. The growing Mulatto Population ends up overseeing some dockyards and a variety of merchant groups as a result rise up in the port under the Spanish West African Company Don Danielo de Orango dies and is succeeded by his son José de Orango. Rio Campo sees an uptick of Sevillan merchants looking to settle in the increasingly profitable African Trade Region and as a result, the Rio Campo dockyard is rushed to completion and several properties are constructed with the colony being mapped out for development of further housing, increased development of the fort, as well as the West African Company base of operations all to be completed in the coming years. With most slaves converting to Catholicism and accepting the Hispanic Culture, in places like Conakry, they begin to find themselves working as Housed Workers. They are employed by the West African Company and reside on their property receiving food, housing, and a monthly income. Within Europe, Katherine finds herself visiting her cousins in the Papal States within the Habsburg Family. Patrols along the Barbary Coast on anti-pirating missions increase to secure and protect Western Mediteranean Assets. As the Hispanic Renaissance continues, many artists are commissioned from the Academy of the Arts in the Olive Garden district of Napoli to create paintings for the upper classes as they create art galleries of their own while many pieces are sold or donated to various academies and scholarly institutions from across the empire and Italy.
  • Roman Empire: Having subdued Thessaly, Gregorios wishes to continue. However, it becomes increasingly clear that sustaining such wide-spread military efforts is draining imperial wealth and power in an unprecedented way. The Themes are dismissed, the Tagmata reformed to its determined size, and other troops sent home. Faced with total bankruptcy, even the economically inept Gregorios is forced to attempt reform. He places his trust in several leading members of the Syndikáto Empóron to help stop the bleeding. This trust proves to be manipulated as they convince the Basileus to increase taxes on foreign merchants dramatically. This harms revenue for the government, but does make the merchants happy. The Imperial Administration, now tasked with ruling Caria and Lower Macedonia, is forced to reform significantly in the face of budget cuts and greater demands. Gregorios, though not a proficient economist, is a fantastic organizer. He personally leads the reforms, cutting the fat out of the Imperial Bureaucracy and establishing a more militaristic chain of command. This structure proves effective, if overbearing in some instances. These administrative reforms bring back some of the empire’s stability in the newly conquered regions. Land grants to soldiers in Caria, Lycaonia, and Cappadocia further ensure the Empire’s grip on Asia Minor and Greek dominance over the Turks. Work does resume on the Great Library of Constantinople, the project is expected to be completed in 1470.
    • Despotates of Cappadocia and Lycaonia: Lycaonia adopts reforms similar to those implemented by the empire. The Despotate has been increasingly integrated over the last decade, in part due to the wars and in part due to imperial policy. Integration of the Despotate as a Theme is set to be formally recognized in 1466. Cappadocia executes military reforms, disbanding any Turkish forces. Fortifications are constructed around the Caesarea to ensure the safety of the government .

1463

After Thessaly fell to the Byzantines, Epirus and Achaea both agree on being tributaries with Emperor John at this time, but declines from being a vassal. This makes Duke Julio Alfonso of Athens as the last remaining remnant of the Latin Empire, which also has taken control over the city of Corinth. He begins printing money and making petitions to the Pope that he should be recognized as the rightful Latin Emperor, restoring the Superano dynasty, as Juan de Barcelona has failed to secure the saftey of the Latins.

King Richard II of England accepts making a compromise with the Kingdom of Scotland, offering his second son Edmund should be made Prince of Wales instead, and renounce his own titles in England. He considers this move to be more important than risking the loss of his Celtic alliances. The Tudors fled from Wales before Scotland could attack.

King Henry of France moves toward signing a truce with Lotharingia, while also consulting his ally Burgundy on what he thinks.

Hungary attempts to send a large campaign to put down the revolt of Vlad the Impaler, but they are severely crushed in battle. Vlad proceeds to line the Danube River with the impaled bodies of the Catholic soldiers he captured in battle.

At this point, the Golden Horde starts to severely deterioate. The Uzbeg Khanate resurfaces to take control over Kazakhstan, and the Kazan Khanate becomes fully independent.

The French government becomes sick and tired of the French poet Villon, whose lyric poetry is constantly referencing gossip and slander about various government officials, wealthy free men, nobles and prostitutes around the city of Paris. Finally, Francois Villon is officially exiled from the city, after narrowly avoiding being sentenced to hanging.

The Italian humanist scholar Marsilio Fruncio fully translates the works of Hermes Trimigstes into Latin.

The Poor Clare Nun Catherine de Bologne dies. For eighteen days after her burial, the grave emitted a sweet aroma instead of decaying.

In Tolosa, Spain, the banker and tax collector Jacob Gabon is violently murdered by an angry mob.

  • Duchy of Saxony: An eventful year occurs in the Duchy of Saxony. Andres Heinrich Engelbert de la Marck, Count of Lower Mark and his wife Anna have their first child, a son, Henry (b. 1463). However, Andres Heinrich Engelbert, after a vigorous swim in the lake, keels over and is found dead several hours later by his manservant, Erris. Erris’s sister is suspected to be the mistress of the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, Henry, and this arouses suspicion. However, almost immediately after Andres Heinrich Engelbert’s death, the Duke and Elector Henry seizes the County of Lower Mark, declaring the infant child Henry de la Marck (b. 1463) is illegitimate, because Andres Heinrich Engelbert and his wife were first cousins, and therefore should’ve married only with papal consent, which they did not even bother asking for (he neglects to mention that he was the one who arranged the marriage). The Duke (Henry) gives the title Count of Lower Mark to his son Otto (b. 1434). The infant Henry is looked after by his grandmother Bonne (b. 1399), while his teenage mother also goes to stay there with Bonne, who is deprived of her power over Mark as well.
  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We are joyful at the rivals death, we dance and dance. We do more baby making even though they are ugly we still love them. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improve over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation. We expand rapidly to the west and south. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: Caliph Muhammad IV dies this year, succumbing to the plague while quarantined in his palace. He is succeeded by his son, Ahmad III. Although having grown up in Tunis and being the first Caliph to have been born following the defeat of the crusaders in Libya, Caliph Ahmad III's early years were turbulent at best. The Amir of Tlemcen, Abu Abdallah III, declares that the Hafsid Caliphate is illegitimate, establishing a separatist kingdom in the city, with most of his forces being made up of bedoins under elite mercenaries, each with their motivations in establishing individual spheres of influence. Having no choice but to promtply declare war back at his uncle, Caliph Ahmad III establishes a council of reknowned and high-ranking generals and warriors known as the 'Aman Council, that operate as peacekeepers of the Caliphate. The council members lead their own armies of soldiers into battle, most of which are professional-class troops. Members of the 'Aman Council meet a young warrior in Tataouine known as Abu Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Janann, or simply al-Janann. Seeing his warrior ability and strategical knowledge as beneficial, the Council recruits him as Regent of Commander Abdullah 'Amr 'Uthman. Although it would be assumed that the Zayyanid dynasty would fail to gain supremacy in this conflict due to their status, Amir Abu Abdallah III appoints the savage and cruel Captain Ubayda Al-Hasan as their leader, a pirate warlord of the Tlemcen Pirates and a brilliant military strategist. Due to the Tlemcen Pirates being allied with the Sultanate of Barbaria, Sultan Rahman siezes the opportunity to undermine the Caliph's rule by laying siege to the city of Zarzis, declaring independence in the process. After the costly failure in Athens, Sultan Rahman of Barbaria re-assesses his vision of a pirate empire, regarding the failure as a thorn in his foot. Utilizing his efforts, Sultan Rahman directs a pirate invasion of 2,000 at Kalamata, while sending raids of 1,000 at Athens and Volos, in a desperate attempt to build off of his current placement in the Sea. A Muslim jurist and scholar known as Ahsan al-Ghazi begins recording the history of the nation, adapting concepts from prior Hafsid historian Ibn Khaldun's work, Muqaddimah, and purposefully setting out to finish his collection on the known history of the world. With a number of written exploration and discovery works already in circulation around the Mediterranean, Ahsan al-Ghazi begins cataloguing and documenting these various scripts into one complete manuscript. 
  • Kingdom of Arles: There has been a spike in interest about nations from the other side of the known world, namely Asia. Well-respected noble Carmo Magellito and others requests a trip to the land of Dai Viet. Robert II accepts and they set off in March. We welcome Asti, relieved they did not resist, and pour our rich monetary reserves to this land to boost its potential. The 9,000 troops that were chilling in France for about ten years are withdrawn. In the Western Sahara, Nouvelle Digne is thriving, and about 700 more settlers are sent, This time to the OTL Dakhla area to set up an outpost for fishing due to its rich abundance in fish. This settlement is named Desért Pêche, a rough equivalent to desert fishing. Three more 2.1 Carrackés are built and the economy is improved. 
    • Pisa: The navy is consolidated and Arlean farming technology begins being implemented in farms. The University of Pisa gains popularity among citizens in Italy. 
    • Mod Response: After Sailing for hundreds of miles Carmo Megellito is believed to have fallen of the Edge of the world Never to be seen again.
  • Iceland: The king orders that presents shall be given to the Innu to try to establish communications. (response needed). We try to establish a 200 population fishing village in Newfoundland. (Response Needed). We try to use our Byzantine ships to explore down Islandika. The king gets involved in a scandal when he knocks up four women who give birth to Arnar, Domnhall, Ólaf and Freyja. He marries the mother of Ólaf named Katrín. 
    • The Innu are willing to open communications.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: Duchess Anne of Burgundy agrees to the King Henry II of France's suggestion to negotiate a peace treaty with Lotharingia, asking to be included in said treaty. The Burgundian School of Music, this form of polyphonic music that has become an inseparable part in the lives of the members of the Burgundian Court in Dijon, as such groundbreaking music compositions was reveled by her predecessors, her father and her grandfather back when it was initially introduced, now continues to develop and envolve into a new form of unparalleled compositions. The works of musicians and composers to the likes of Guillaume Dufay, Gilles Binchois, Antoine Busnois and (as an influence), the English composer John Dunstaple certainly do not pass unnoticed, on the contrary they continue to enrich the beautiful heritage of this region. Duchess Anne of Burgundy-Valois has embraced this fascinating genre, not only because she takes pride that her Duchy's achievements, but also because the melodical nature of these compositions is unparalleled. She also sponsors the musicians and composers of the Burgundian school, proving to be a great patronage of the arts, with much of the lower nobility now embracing this genre into their everyday lives.
  • Dai Viet: A new rule regarding the Imperial Examinations is made, the Hương exams shall be held every three years, in the year of the Rat, Cat, Horse and Rooster, while the Hội exams shall also be held every three years, in the year of the Buffalo, Dragon, Goat and Dog. In February, the Hội exams are held with 44 graduates. New military training exercises are held with very strict discipline. The Emperor also set a tradition to organize martial arts competitions once every three years at the Giảng võ đường; the nobilities and the martial mandarins, including generals are required to participate in the competition. The officials and generals who won the competition are awarded and the candidates who do not pass it must be penaltised. As advised by the court mandarin named Hoàng Thanh, plantations are placed near the borders between Lan Na, Lan Xang, the Tian and Cambodia for the army to use in case of war. Field rations are made by steaming and then drying them for storage for months. At peacetime right now, old people (60 or above) and the underaged (18 or below) are permitted from paying annual taxes. The Emperor also orders to construct the leeve around the Red River stretching 25 kilometers long to protect harvest from floods, named after his area name of Hồng Đức. Cục Bách continues to be funded to produced weaponry for the army. Knowing Chiang Hung was formerly a kingdom of the Lu people that was conquered by Lan Na, and with the population of Lu people living in Tran Ninh and Lan Xang, a diplomatic envoy is sent to the chief of Chiang Hung, offering to provide combat assistance to help the kingdom's secession from Lan Na and independence as a Dai Viet vassal. (Mod Response).
    • Lan Xang (Dai Viet protectorate): The military is divided to sent portions to guard the provinces with 18,000 men guarding the capital. Guards of the provinces are required to check closely on merchants entering the country as a safety measure. Meanwhile, the King adopts similar plantation policies from Dai Viet, as well as constructing levees and the irrgation system of the former Champa kingdom that are now being used by Dai Viet. Meanwhile, with the desire to help Queen Thao Quốc in governing Lan Xang, a few Viet noblemen are sent by Dai Viet to Lan Xang and are granted to join the court mandarins.
    • Chiang Hung is interested in this proposition.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: The cathedral started to establish the official language itself Latin for the church since they were concered about it and is being profit on their own discusion's accord in the castle, Casimir IV started the communication relationship on the discussion, in the Duchy of Lithuania he prepared shallow to build a very secure border and establish a village in a region for profit some new, that the citizen are improving art and make renaissance that made effort on the development and they're were paid and some new textiles are being produced and require to publish on the trade's publicities the Duke Casimir IV also order to construct the military fortress to offer some new battle tactics and is must be polished and built the ministry has finally run on it to give to boost and give money to them' and main to stream it in construction which is was an agreement in the discusion with Casimir IV they have been hired and some stronghold military are being establish in the border and regions so far, most of city are being attempted to contribute the social progress' and seek to explain Casimir IV consolidating his position still further of his own reign' and the military also constructed some new ships to assistance to help the duchy and contribute to participate in the development one of the regions was Territory formed by one or more municipalities and the goverment has take it to run it one of urban region are being constructed and offering help to assist to gain ships and establish village a while in the discusion Casimir thought, he was performed to upgrade the aristocracy and is current main statues and promise to protect the duchy so far he had the right to rule the responbility of the Lithuanian nobles which they agree they sent a portions to secure most of region and entertaining the province to built more social progress and one of high office has been establish and ships are being installed for trades and one of built are being finished and one of productions is agreed to sell to the market city and becoming a key of economy and hire people in the city.
  • Papal States: Pope Gregory XIII continues with his strong opposition to heresy, ordering the Inquisition to double their efforts in capturing and imprisoning heretics. The Pontifical Roman Press continues the mass publication of books and pamphlets to be used by the members of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers across Europe to defend the Catholic Faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards, showing their heresy. The works made by Pope Pius II while he was canon regular and Patriarch of Venice continue to be printed by the Pontifical Roman Press. These works consists of sermons, letters and ascetic treatises. Pope Gregory XIII writes to King Richard II of England asking him to adopt the Inquisition and the Association of Missionaries and Preachers as an answer against the radical Lollards that can be hiding in his kingdom. The pontiff also says that Cardinal Thomas Bourchier will be the Grand Inquisitor. [MOD response needed, please]. After hearing about their defeat, the pontiff pities the Tudor Family and writes to them offering safe haven in the Papal States. [MOD response needed, please]. The ideas of Friar Odoric of Modena are see by some physicians of the Hospital of Rome as similar to conclusions reached by Spanish physicians about the importance of clean up, new studies are made by the physicians about it. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals/shipyards of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships and weapons. With the attacks of Berber pirates becoming more common in the Mediterranean, the ships of the Papal Navy patrol the coast of the Papal States and will attack any pirate ship that is sighted. Pope Gregory XIII continues with his project to beautify the city of Rome. Andrea del Verrochio continues making the statue of bronze of Pope Alexander V while Leonardo da Vinci paint the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. The greatest of the frescos that will be painted in the Basilica is one depicting the Blessed Virgin with the Infant Jesus in her arms in the Heaven, surrounded by angels. The Virgin Mary gives the Rosary to Saint Dominic while Jesus gives the Rosary to Saint Catherine of Siena. Bellow this scene will be another depicting the Crusaders taking the city of Bursa. After some deliberations, Pope Gregory XIII decides that Melozzo da Forlì and the young Donato Bramante will work together to make the project of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna. After some conflicts between the two artists, Melozzo and Bramante reach an agreement and present their work to the pope. Gregory XIII approves it and the Apostolic Palace is demolished to give space to the new and to the Cappella Magna, which according to the project will have a small dome. Marco Bronzino start to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope while Piero della Francesca will paint the frescos about the apparitions. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue this year. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. Adalfredo Meccia, now professor of Natural Theology at Saint Augustine's University, make travels with his students across the Papal States and visits to the Alexandrine Gardens to observe the creatures. During these travels they suggest which changes God gave to help the creatures survive. The Della Rovere and Borgia families continue to expand influence and their respective lands continue to prosper. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Leopold of Habsburg, and his wife Francesca Salviati have a child, a boy named Peter. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Charles de Neufchâtel (Burgundy), Andrew de Durisdeer (Scotland) and John Bole (Ireland). Pope Gregory XIII declares Catherine de Bologne as Venerable.
    • Republic of Ancona: The economy continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles and Byzantium. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Richard II grants permission to introduce the inquisition into England.
    • The Tudor family refuses, and states their place is in Ireland and Wales.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: During an expedition to the surrounding area of Sao Tome, another smaller island is found which is Named Principe, it is combined with Sao Tome creating the colony of Sao Tome and Principe. With the deal with Lothringia done, we evacuate the areas given to Lothingia in the deal. Two churches are built on Sao Tome and Principe while a delegation is sent to Spain. (SPANISH RESPONSE NEEDED).
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The tradition of the new Ethiopian Emperor invading a foreign nation compels Tewodros to begin the first Ethiopian outward war in nearly 60 years. Tewodros, much more a scholar than a warrior, appoints his brother, the Prince Amda Seyon as his military commander. The Prince, having fought for nearly a decade in Europe as a mercenary, has the proper experience to command the armed forces. The Emperor and his brother plan a large scale raid into inland Somalia, planning to mainly capture slaves and loot local settlements in the inland Sultanate of Kelafo. The Emperor and his brother muster 10,000 Chewa warriors and strike deep into Somalia, plundering villages and capturing slaves. The expedition is successful, with the army gather a number of slaves to be sold and plunder to be distributed. However, during the expedition, the Prince Amda Seyon recognizes the Ethiopian army’s relative backwardness compared to the more advanced military systems in the West, namely the Empire’s lack of a standing army and its utter lack of gunpowder tech, along with a lack of standardization in arms and armor. The military’s decline in quality is largely due to the Tewodros the Great’s emphasis on internal affairs such as art, architecture and culture and his lack of care for the military as well as the Empire’s lack of military opponents in the region. The Prince asks his brother for permission to revitalize and modernize the military, arguing that the Empire must always be ready for threats and to do so would require a strong military. The Emperor agrees and names his brother Minister of Warfare, a powerful position in the mekwanint. As Minister, the Prince’s first actions is to plan the formation of a standing army. To that end, he works with the minister of finance to calculate how many men the Empire could afford to keep as the beginnings of a standing army. The Prince finds the Empire can raise 5,000 men, and as issues an Imperial Edict with the Emperor’s signature stating that any Chewa family with more than one son can contribute one son to the new standing army, who would be paid a salary in exchange for pledging 20 years of service. Only men under the age of 24 are considered eligible for this role. With the Ministry of Warfare’s bureaucrats the Prince is able to raise 5,000 men from the Chewa cities in Somalia and southern Ethiopia. These 5,000 are assembled near Barari, where the Prince begins training and drilling them extensively to instill further discipline. He also receives a letter from his friend in Italy, Giuliano Della Rovere, relayed from the Coptic priests in Rome to the trade offices in Alexandria and from there to the Empire. The letter details significant advancements in Roman architecture as well as condolences for the loss the Prince’s father. The Prince writes back a letter thanking Rovere for his kind words and for keeping him updated on the situation in Italy. He also asks if Della Rovere would have any connections he could use to secure a large arms shipment for the Prince, namely 1,000 arquebuses. He also writes that he will most likely be purchasing more weapons and so will be a good customer [PAPAL RESPONSE].
    • Papal diplomacy: Giuliano Della Rovere travels to the Republic of Ancona and gives the Prince's request to the Elders. They say that Ancona will provide any weapon that Ethiopia desires for the right sum of gold. The Republic also offers a trade agreement with Ethiopia, using the ports of Egypt. 
    • Ethiopia accepts the trade agreement and assures the Anconans that they will pay the necessary price in gold 
  • Kingdom of Eiru: With tensions between Ireland and Scotland continuing, King Eadbhard appoints his son and heir Aodh to the privy council in the new role of Lord Justice and has his son go to the task of locating all agents of Scotland whether spies or propagandists within the Kingdom along with arresting them, interrogating them and punishing them. Aodh sets to the task setting out bounties for information and hiring agents of his own to make enquiries with people if they have seen any suspicious behaviour. Meanwhile, Parliament and the King recognising that taxation for a potential war is not simple agree to carry out a large scale survey of all the land in Ireland breaking down the Kingdom into its respective sub-kingdoms and naming the owner of each of the Fief's within the respective sub- Kingdoms. Defences at the ports of Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Derry and Coleraine are kept up to date while the fleet at Cork is maintained properly. Al freemen are expected to maintain their archery skills. The Tudors are welcomed to Ireland. Aodh has a daughter Ethna this year and Orla has a son Peadar.  
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: King Trailokanat continues to consolidate Ayutthayan control over the Malay Peninsula and central Southeast Asia. At the insistence of Dhammazedi, the construction of a grand temple is planned as a way of remembrance of his reign and to show his dedication to Buddhism. He also organizes another mission to Bodh Gaya following the advice of his religious advisor as well as a tributary mission to China. The funding of education at Buddhist temples continues in earnest as they supply candidates for the instituions for training administrators and officers for the army continue to produce more promising candidates to fill the ranks of the Orang Besar as well as to fill in positions in Ayutthaya's professional army of 8,000 men. As news of the arrival of an explorer from a land called Ethiopia reaches the ear of King Trailokanat he gives instructions for Tun Perak to send ships and explorers to reach this land. (Ethiopia Response). Toungoo continues to receive political and military support from Ayutthaya who hold suspicion and concern for the Ava Kingdom and an offer for a military alliance between the two regions is made (Mod Response, note: Asking Toungoo for alliance). King Trailokanat and his wife are blessed with a male child by the name of Borommarachathirat III. Envoys baring gifts are sent to the Kingdom of Lan Na to ensure that the alliance between the two regions remains steadfast. The Ayutthayan Navy continues to be built up to ensure and protect Ayutthaya's control over trade passing through the Straits of Ayutthaya with the ban on ships from the supporters of Malacca's independence in the years prior being permitted through once again. Hang Tuah continues to operate and work in his role as Laksamana of Ayutthaya commanding its navy. Hang Tuah has built up a reputation as emodying the values of the upper-class with allegiance and loyalty to the Rama of Ayutthaya and has also become a close confidante and friend to Rama Trailokanat. An offer of an alliance or at least friendly relations is proposed to Majapahit due to their position in the Straits of Ayutthaya. (Mod Response).
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The end of active war is in place as King William of France as has accepted a truce between the kingdom of France, the Duchy of Burgundy and the Hanseatic League and the Kingdom of Lotharingia. As the war has made a lot of casualties on both sides with a combined 50,000 Mortalities on both sides of the battle lines, this combined with the high concentration of soldiers causes the budgets of all involved to be in trouble. As paying widows and pensions to those wounded together with just paying the soldiers on the front, The government having to pay most of the national budget into paying soldiers and the logistics behind the war. Thus Prince Henri Regnier brother of King Godfried is send to Versailles to meet with King William of France, Duchess Anne of Burgundy and Simon Burkhart a Hanse economist representing Hamburg and Lübeck, as Versailles is a small town on the outskirts of Paris. The treaty being named the Treaty of Versailles after the place of Signing, the peace finaly bringing stability once more over Western Europe. Meanwhile, in Africa, the Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie representatives meet with representatives of the Kingdom of Portugal, as to resolve the issue of Ilha Pedro I. Eventually the treaty of Algarves, which splits the island roughly in half between Portugal and the KWAC.
  • Swiss Confederacy: Hearing about Henry of York and the supposed marriage precontract, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg writes to King Richard II of England again, suggesting Henry may have been tricked into the precontract by machinations of Eleanor's father, John Talbot the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, and he encourages Richard to investigate this and try to change his son's mind. If Henry of York continues to insist upon the precontract and it cannot be annulled, Eberhard proposes to instead have his sister Constance von Lenzburg (b. 1428) marry Henry's brother Edmund of York. (Mod response). With the approval of King Ólaf V of Iceland, Eberhard writes to his second cousin Henry VII, Count of Gorizia, proposing to arrange a marriage between Henry VII (b. 1436) and Ólaf V's aunt Ísabella Sturlungur (b. 1435). (Mod response) As France and Lotharingia appear to be in the process of making a peace agreement, the offer of Swiss mercenaries for Lotharingia is withdrawn as the Central Council thinks they would not be needed there. The Central Council continues to pay attention to the ongoing disputes in Wales, though they do not prepare any mercenaries for this conflict yet as they currently consider it unlikely that a military conflict would break out there. Some Swiss clergy are shocked when they hear news from Iceland about the situation of King Ólaf V of Iceland having three illegitimate children; seeing potential for this to become a scandal, Count Eberhard writes to Ólaf V, suggesting that perhaps he should abdicate to avoid the Icelandic royal family getting a negative reputation. (Iceland response). Eberhard also writes to Henry IV, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, proposing to arrange a marriage between Henry IV's son Otto de la Marck (b. 1434) and Eberhard's relative Maria of Savoy (b. 1430), the sister of Peter IV, Count of Savoy. (Saxony response) (Mod response for Savoy). The Central Council writes to Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund II, proposing that the Counties of Lenzburg and Savoy be elevated to Duchies to reflect their political and economic power within the Alpine region. (Mod response). Domestically, the government works on improving food storage in the nation's major cities to make them more resistant to famines; as part of this, salt is imported from the Swiss Confederacy's allied nations the Kingdom of Arles and the Republic of Genoa. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on improving the fortifications of Zürich, the largest city in the nation, by improving the moats around the city walls. Alana of Bruce-Auvergne (1399-1463), widow of King Andrés Heinrich I of Iceland and great-grandmother of current King Ólaf V of Iceland, dies of natural causes. Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse and Sophia, Countess of Upper Mark have their fourth child, a son named Ulrich (b. 1463). Later in the year, William IV, Count of Geneva and Seselia Sturlungur have their first child, a son named Amadeus VI (b. 1463).
    • Gorizia accepts the marriage.
    • Savoy is OK with the marriage.
    • Emperor Sigismund agrees to elevate Savoy to a Duchy, but needs to review Lenzburg further.
    • Edmund of York agrees to the marriage.
    • Duchy of Saxony: The Duke gratefully accepts this marriage. (He also expresses his support for the Count of Lenzburg's request to be elevated to a Duke).
  • Kingdom of Scotland: In response to the counter offer for the status of Wales proposed by Richard, we state our satisfaction with it and state our willingness to accept Edmund as the Prince of Wales under the conditions specified. However, we also mention that there is one final issue, which, although we believe it was intended to be addressed in the initial offer, was worded in such a way that it must be specified. Specifically, we state that we are satisfied with all of the conditions proposed except for him renouncing his titles in England. This is because, although this is important as a very good step in the right direction, he must renounce his and his descendants claim to the Throne of England for our conditions to have been met, as otherwise an English-ruled Wales, the very thing we are trying to avoid happening, will be likely to happen in the future if anything happens to his first son's line via the inheritance of Wales by Edmund or his descendants. However, we make it clear we are satisfied with all of the other parts of the proposal, and that once this condition in met we will recognize Edmund as Prince of Wales and support his claim. Meanwhile, in other news, we continue spreading propaganda about the Bruce claim on Ireland, despite its weakness. (SECRET) Specifically, we send many Irish born Yorkist supporters into Ireland, and have them blend into the general population well spreading this propaganda, making them harder to find due to us previously sending obvious Scottish agents, so the search for Scottish agents would focus on people like them and not inconspicuous Irish who speak Gaelic. We also use a small amount of them as agents to communicate with several Irish kings who are known to be very dissatisfied with the state of affairs of Ireland under the Úi Néill dynasty and the increasing centralization Ireland has undergone since the war of Irish independence. We offer them our military support and promise much increased autonomy, rights, and privileges compared to their current situation, where they are unable to even settle their disputes on the battlefield as is their right due to the Uí Néills English inspired centralization policies, if they rise up in support of us when the planned invasion of Ireland officially begins. We also offer them the once in a lifetime opportunity to massively expand their influence by carving up the lands of the Úi Neill within ireland itself when we win, promising to massively redistribute these lands in favor of those who support us at the expense of the Úi Néill and those who continue to support them, allowing them to take lands from their rivals and become much more powerful and autonomous then they are now if they support us. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) (SECRET END).


  • Empire of Japan: Emperor Ryoichi presents his son Hideyoshi who is elevated to the status of the Lord of Admirals and is put at the head of the Empires naval situation. While underexperienced, the young Hideyoshi takes to his post well taking on chief advisors, and various veteran admirals and captains to begin looking into various reforms geared toward survivability and the establishment of better supply and rations to the fleet and its sailors. The reorganization of lands within Manzhuguo continues with the two provinces having the available land to develop and settle expand by much. Nahodki and Aimoi grow further with the two cities effectively becomming two of the most densely populated regions in the Mainland provinces. The opening of settlement and the v chaos involved in redistricting and land distribution on the home islands drives thousands to the provinces. The Emperor continues to enforce his high control over the upper echelons of Japanese society. The feudal levies continue to deviate from their liege lords as instead the various collections of levies instead enlist their levy status with imperial administrators and imperial army outposts. As longstanding power of the monarchy becomes more apparent, more governing and legitimate legislation comes from the Imperial Diet which now with its designated role to help manage civil affairs and law, sees an uptick in activity. A series investment is put into the construction of a transport fleet geared toward allowing a 40,000 strong expeditionary force to be sent out and orders are made specifically to be brought into the fleet as logisitics ships with the intent to be escorted and used for a supported army landing should it come to that. Many are put to work in the extremely busy shipbuilding sector which as a result of explorations and expanding trade networks was busier than ever. Some predictions, however, are of yet another trade crash in the region and some of the Zaibatsu and other trade guilds make efforts to sit on funds to ride out the trade market boom. The rising of the various cities of Japan sees their chief status solidified as the civilian governments of Kyoto, Nagoya, Sendai, Hiroshima, Fukuoka, and Sappora manage to brute force their way onto the Councillor General and Imperial Diet. Being relatively powerless against the daring move, the Feudal lords begin mobilizing manpower to forcibly remove these upstarts and teach them a lesson. In a surprise however, the Emperor Ryoichi authorizes their allowance to remain on both branches of Diet demanding a system be made to incorporate all the small and large cities in respective areas of influence. The Chief cities being more notably important to the national economy and hence the authority of the Empire, are given favor of the imperial court in order to maintain their loyalty and hence an Imperial monopoly over what does and doesnt get passed in the Imperial Diet. 
  • Roman Empire: Though financially troubled the empire stabilizes greatly this year. The reforms introduced last year are more firmly implemented and the Imperial Bureaucracy begins to embrace them more fully. Recovery from the years of fighting will take time, but for now there is an air of cautious optimism throughout the elite of the empire. With Greece largely recovered or at least nominally affiliated with the Empire as tributaries or vassals and Asia Minor firmly under Imperial control perhaps a new golden age will be found. Gregorios, ever the military man, reaches out across Europe and Asia, seeking the greatest military minds to improve the school of military theory and strategy within the Pandidakterion. He hopes to create a more formal officer corps to lead the Empire’s armies with less reliance on the aristocracy. The economy also begins to solidly recover from the cost of waging war. The advent of the seed drill throughout Western Asia Minor leads to a great productivity boom as farmers short on manpower adopted or wished to adopt the tool during the recent wars. With a return to normalcy and money once again available these farmers have been able to adopt the useful technology. Basileus Gregorios goes so far as to mandate their use in all Themes and has the Imperial Arsenal at Nicaea begin producing them for distribution to the Themes. This accelerates production dramatically as soldiers who were promised land are often given one to reduce the acreage needed for distribution by increasing output per acre. With seven years remaining on construction the Great Library of Constantinople is already a sight to behold. The hexagonal building is immense, nearly as large as Hagia Sophia herself. The complex houses thousands of texts in dozens of languages and on a myriad of subjects, ranging from philosophy and metaphysics to human anatomy and botany. Having completed the structural elements and interiors years ago all that remains is decorative and exterior work to ensure the building will last for centuries to come.
    • Despotates of Cappadocia and Lycaonia: Lycaonia continues its integration toward the capital, descending as an asteroid caught in a gravity well. The spread of seed drills occurs here as well with their introduction by resettled troops. The flat open land of central Lycaonia is well suited to these drills which allow for much larger areas to be planted rapidly and with less work. In Cappadocia the Tagaris Dynasty continues to crack down on the Muslim lower nobility, seizing remote holdouts when possible and distributing land to Christian families to enpower their supporters. Construction of fortifications around Caesarea continues.
  • The Spanish Empire: Starting at the new year, Governor Alejandro de Cadiz renamed Rió Campo to Nueva Zamora. With high income of the West African Company and support by the Spanish Crown pushing further development of Nueva Zamora, more merchants from across the empire arrive and settle. Brought with them are housed workers from Sardinia which begin immediate cultivation of crops to feed the growing colony. With a fort and mercenary division being brought by the West African Company to station in the colony for protective purposes, true expansion begins along and around the shoreline. Some of these Housed Workers construct and gain their own properties respectively but nonetheless, remained stuck to the monopoly that is the Spanish West African Company to conduct business. Juan de Ajeccio, a Hispanic Sardinian settler begins the cultivation of sugarcane on his new land. The efficiency of sugar cultivation in the colony makes it spread to the point of it quickly becoming an overall trend. Labourers though are needed and as a result, goods are exchanged around the Ivory and Gold Coast for slaves to be brought to the colony to speed up sugar cultivation. These slaves quickly become Housed Workers after being converted to the one true faith and begin to adapt the Hispanic Culture with their new lives in the colony. an expedition force head out to search for any natives in hopes of establishing warm ties. Back in the mainland, as profits grow, so too, does the wealth of the Empire.
  • Malacca Sultanate: Sultan Mansur Shah continues expansionist policies implemented since his ascension in 1459. Settlements are encouraged toward the regions of Senangor, Bernam, and Kampar. Bendahara Tun Perak is given greater administrative powers as the hero of the of Pahang. Steps are taken to formally vassalize the Pahang Kingdom - eight-year-old Muhammad Shah is announced as the presumptive sultan, with a coronation date of 1470, with Bendahara Tun Perak taking on administrative duties as regent.

1464

Julius Alfonso Suprano, the Duke of Athens officially declares that Juan de Barcelona is deposed as Emperor of Romania, and he has officially restored the House of Suprano to rule the remenant Latin Empire in Corinth.

Eleanor Talbot has a son by Henry of York, who is named Edward.

The Byzantine historian Flavius Biondus publishes a work of Greek history, which is the first to divide the history of the world into three phases: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern.

In Brittany, Jehan Legadauc publishes a trilingual dictionary called the Catholicon, with information presented in French, English and Breton.

The Italian sculpture Bernardo Rossilino begins work creating mortuary statues in Rome.

A severe rebellion takes place in the Huguang province of Tian China, led by 30,000 troops of rebellious Miao and Yao people. The Emperor sends 160,000 troops to crush this revolt. At the same time, the Emperor that was previously imprisoned by the Mongols finally returns to the court in Lioayang, and insists that he should be commanded respect as the legitimate Emperor.

The Earl of Desmond becomes interested in Scotland's offer, who responds in secret. However, other people who recieved Scotland's agents were not so disloyal, and word they received. This not only was reported to the King of Ireland, but also the MacDonald clan in Scotland, who poses the question why their disputes have not been permitted to be settled in battle either.

In the Hansa, the Duke of Schleswig orders a local Friar to bring him some good omen from the monestary. The Friar replies that the Duke should not demand such prophesies from God, as not everyone deserves to have their future predetermined. The Duke demanded a second time, and so the Friar went to the monestary. When he returned, the monks had related to him from God that he doesn't get a prophesy, as it is written "you shall not test the Lord your God". The Duke demanded a third time to be given an omen, so the Friar went to the monestary yet again. This time, God said that he is not going to like it. After a fourth time, God said that the Duke will not live to see another sunrise. That very night, the Duke was murdered by his bodyguards.

Richard is still deliberating on Scotland's ultimatum.

  • Papal States: Pope Gregory XIII continues with his strong opposition to heresy, ordering the Inquisition to double their efforts in capturing and imprisoning heretics. The Pontifical Roman Press continues the mass publication of books and pamphlets to be used by the members of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers across Europe to defend the Catholic Faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards, showing their heresy. The works made by Pope Pius II while he was canon regular and Patriarch of Venice continue to be printed by the Pontifical Roman Press. These works consists of sermons, letters and ascetic treatises. Pope Gregory XIII writes to the nations of the Italic League and Savoy asking to adopt the Inquisition. [MOD response needed, please]. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals/shipyards of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships and weapons. With the attacks of Berber pirates becoming more common in the Mediterranean, the ships of the Papal Navy patrol the coast of the Papal States and will attack any pirate ship that is sighted. Pope Gregory XIII continues with his project to beautify the city of Rome. The statue of Pope Alexander V made by Andrea del Verrochio is finished and placed in the Alexandrine Gardens. As soon as Verrochio finishes the statue, Pope Gregory XIII commisions another sculpture of bronze, but this time of Pope Sixtus IV to be placed in front of Saint Augustine's University. Leonardo da Vinci continues to paint the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. The greatest of the frescos that will be painted in the Basilica is one depicting the Blessed Virgin with the Infant Jesus in her arms in the Heaven, surrounded by angels. The Virgin Mary gives the Rosary to Saint Dominic while Jesus gives the Rosary to Saint Catherine of Siena. Bellow this scene will be another depicting the Crusaders taking the city of Bursa. This fresco is named as "The Victory of the Rosary" and will occupy an entire wall. Pope Gregory XIII writes to the Florentine sculptor Donatello comissioning a great statue of Saint Peter to be placed in the Basilica of Saint Peter. The pontiff also writes to Antonio Rossellino (brother of Bernardo Rossellino) inviting him to come work in Rome. [MOD response needed, please]. The old Apostolic Palace is completely demolished and the stones are donated to be used to build houses for the poor. Seeking to continue the program of reduce expenses started by Pope Pius II, Gregory XIII decides that the new Apostolic Palace will also house various administrative offices of the Church, this way reducing expenses with several administrative buildings scattered across Rome. The main structures of the new Palace will be the Papal Apartments, the Cappella Magna, various offices of the Catholic Church, two other small chapels and the Great Room, where the papal throne will stay and the cardinals, diplomats and Papal Vicars will meet in reunion with the Pope. Marco Bronzino continues to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope, this year he starts to make the scupture of Saint Ari of Iceland. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. Adalfredo Meccia, now professor of Natural Theology at Saint Augustine's University, make travels with his students across the Papal States and visits to the Alexandrine Gardens to observe the creatures. During these travels they suggest which changes God gave to help the creatures survive. One of Meccia best disciples is a young man named Federigo Marin. The Della Rovere and Borgia families continue to expand influence and their respective lands continue to prosper. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Leopold of Habsburg, and his wife Francesca Salviati have a child, a boy named Peter.
    • Republic of Ancona: The economy continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles and Byzantium. The trade agreement with Ethiopia is celebrated by the Elders and a shipment of 1,000 arquebuses is sent to there. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Mod response: Most Italian states adopt inquisitions even if some lesser nobles in these states do not do anything.'  'Antonio Rossellino is happy for the papal invite to work for the pontifex maximus.
  • Mali Empire: It was at this point that Abu Ismail died, and all the territory he had settled along the Kongo River was assumed under the control of King Omar of the Kongo. The historical record is absent on the political circumstances surrounding this annexation, only briefly mentioning that Omar assumed control over the region after Ismail's death. However, the archaeological record indicates there was significant resistance from the local Kongolese tribes, and it seems that many tribes were forcefully relocated after this event. He continud to construct houses and institutions back at the capital of Jabal-Zayiyr, where his road system was completed across the whole of the kingdom. He also began to restructure and reform the Kongolese military, but this time heavily influenced and controlled by mercenary Mande offiers imported from the empire. Back in Mali, Moomtaz Zuhur successfully captured the Mansa's attention by her intricately-woven story-telling, and filled the bedchambers of Musa's Palace with fantastic stories across various distant lands. Some of her tales included the land of Borealia, a mystical country in the far west that could turn sand and rocks into gold and jewels. Some of her other stories included the ancient days of the Holy Caliphate, but a more fantastic version that stretched from Morocco all the way to the Spice Islands. She spoke about a group of heros with mighty powers endowed by God to battle against evil, and the days when the Pope was the prisoner of the Berbers. She also spoke of the great Kingdom of Azoz, a magical city that was lifted to heaven by God's grace, but fell back down to earth in pieces due to their own hubris. This and countless other nations and stories graced her delicate lips, but at all these Khalil scoffed as being ludicrously implausible.
  • Empire of Japan: Further developments within the Imperial Diet regarding civil administration come to a head. It becomes clear there are loopholes and discrepancies in which their power lies for helpful civil administrative matters. This prompts a request to sit down with the Emperor to discuss the extent of their rights and powers in regards to administration. While much of the meeting goes over well the main hangup comes the power of the Emperors veto over certain things. His once unmovable coalition of supporters falter as the refuse to legalize the Emperors total veto over the whole of Japan and its territories. Key members of the military, and allies in the Counsellor General and Joen of the Diet, switch sides and block this. This forces a begrudging compromise between the Emperor and the Imperial Diet which prevents a unilateral veto but also gives him ability to enact large scale national law and maintain the military budget. The first political engagement the emperor has lost removing these ideas of total absolutism under himself. While maintaining power almost as much as his restorationist forebears remains out of his reach, the Emperor does maintain a serious amount of power lying within him and his dynasty. The southern provinces of Japan having finally recovered and ceased much of their revolting finally begin to see a comeback. Population continues to grow and one of Japans Crown jewel cities lies within the southern provinces. Seeking to work within the system rather than against it, the island begins to see domestic driven redevelopment of lands devastated by the various civil conflicts which drove through the area. Ports now are as busy now as they were before the great revolts. And most importantly, a driven artisan and tradesman economy which begins to rapidly overtake their northern brethren due to increases in efficiency and an almost single minded drive of these provinces to catch up and surpass their northern brothers. The port facilities in Aimoi are expanded significantly as year over year, more japanese arrive in the city to claim empty lands in Manzhu and Amuraji. Greater integration between local manchus and the newly settled japanese see the development of the first joint towns which mix the Manchu and the Japanese and even sees some mixed couples. It is estimated in Manzhu proper, a plurality of Japanese and Manchus coexist in the area with the larger cities and towns of the Japanese starting to outpace the growth of the Manchus.
  • Iceland: The king decides to send his kinsman Oliver Sturlungur to Lithuania with some cash to find his fortune. (Lit response). An expedition is sent to the Innu trying to explore their lands. (Mod response needed). The Duchy of Greenland is officially given to the heir of the throne and Domnhall becomes the new duke. An envoy is sent to Julius Alfonso Suprano to assure that Hermanos Sturlungur would be restored as the Count of Corinth, the envoy carries some money if needed. (Latin Response needed).
    • Lithuania has to decline it kindly.
  • Malacca Sultanate: Sultan Mansur Shah, under Bendahara [vizier] Tun Perak's urging signs the Imperial Mandate, releasing tax credits to families that resettle to newly expanded territories. Laksamana [chief of navy] Hang Tuah is given sweeping new authorities and a greatly increased naval budget, earmarked toward the production of short to medium-range warships, trade ships, and transports. Settlers are given discounted prices on naval transport ships, with benefits increasing the more family members they bring. Imperial outposts are constructed throughout the peninsula, with the goal of creating a robust trade network to support and supply the sultanate's expansionist policies. Construction also begins on a trade fleet, inspired by Zheng He's voyages many decades ago. 14 ships are initially ordered to be constructed, but at Tun Perak's urging the total number is raised to 19. Construction is estimated to take three years, and permanent trade routes are hoped to be established between the Arabian peninsula/Persia and China. Internally, Temenggung Abu Bakar [chief of police] is instructed to quietly begin training of an internal secret police and external spy system. However, limited funding due to rapid expansionist policies will likely mean development of the security apparatus will be slow. Islamification becomes an official state policy, with many study centers constructed in Upeh designed to act as both religious and government propoganda outlets. Arabic is encouraged, although adaptation is slow. Malacca City's port's throughput taxes are raised, increasing revenue from Chinese, Arab, and Persian merchants that rely on the strait for safe travel. Increased revenues are spent on contructing more ships to patrol the strait and provide safe passave for merchants. [MOD RESPONSE.] Sultan Mansur Shah asks for the of the princess of Majapahit in marriage, as well as the territories of Siantan and Inderagiri as dowry.
    • Pahang Sultanate: Regent Tun Hamzah begins work on standardizing and integrating the Malaccan and Pahang sultanates. Islamification takes first priority, with three learning centers built throughout the new vassal and dozens of clergy moved from Malacca to Pekan, the capitol of Pahang. The Imperial Tax Code is implemented, lowering taxes for Muslims and providing tax credits for businesses that support expansionist activity.
    • This is basically voided because the player didn't realize Malacca has been subjugated by Siam. However, I won't cross out the post because technically these actions can happen through a vassal.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Casimir IV and his nobles begin to boost the money and discusion is take some weeks to modernizing and a great envoy to them, one of built are being sell to prices and start to built more they ordered to constructed and securizing the territorial of Lithuania, some of the status is being limited funding and make an expansionist social to contribute to the mans and estabish a high official state for new laws the region and the border start to be administered for the need, and it's become clean and had money to improve the security and development with somewhat help is needed and ask by the nobles the Lithuanian army ordered to build 13 boats for installations and improvements and its 2+ count for 15 some effort was oddly not fast enough to work on it, a while Casimir is given new more authority and support the expansionist of policy and laws in Vilnius 2+ university are being constructed and is estimate to take four years, to work on it so they contribute more brick and will likely do a long progress overall Casimir IV is discus the development and right, law to reign the power so advanced and he support to legalize the status of Lithuania's record and maintain some budget so far by twice he encouraged people to work more and upgraded the cathedral is being so constructed and in a way, that most takes some month to put scurplutes a library was added into university and takes budget the north of Lithuania is quickly oddly not developing well but the people are recovering on it and sort somewhat they give money and profiting which is encourage the merchant came more in Lithuania, Casimir IV was nearly to give money and people are contribute to work again, in argiculture's development they establish more village and constructed and developed wall again and again a result they modernizing and upgrade and integrating the Poles buddies and constructed themself and together taxes are immeditally not really expensive but is used to be a low budge so far the admins as finally focus to run the development and what is now Casimir IV, has upgraded some cities to give money for him.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: In the colonies, work is continuing as normal with several visits from the regent, on Fernando Po, an incident occurs when the governor is assasinated by a madman who the flees over the border to the Lothingian side of the island.After hearing this, the king orders the royal garrison to pursue him. (Lothingian response needed). (Begin secret: On the mainland a local group calling themselves A libertação de Portugal da Espanha. The regent secretly supports them but this is a secret only he knows and does his best to make sure they limit their activities to local protests. End secret). The young queen learns how to ride a horse, a pastime which all Portuguese monarchs must learn. The queen befriends the former royal house of Algarves' son Adalberto and rumours of a secret marriage are spread but turns out to be false when the relationship is found out to be friendly 1464.
    • Lotharingia, KWAC response: Hendrick Wevers informs the Portuguese that a crossing of the border by her troops, would be a form of aggression against the company and her sovreignity. Although Hendrick does promise to put the killer on house arrest for the moment being until the situation has been resolved.
  • Romania: Julius Alfonso Suprano is officially coronated as Emperor of Romania. His brother Atticus is appointed commander-in-chief of the military, while his uncle Marcus is installed as head of internal security and revenues. The Imperial Council is eliminated and its barons dismissed. The government is purged of hundreds of former Barcelonia-aligned officials, while loyalty courts are held across the empire. The personal property and fortunes of the purged are added to the Imperial Treasury - on top of this, taxes are raised across the board to help fund the reconstruction of the country and the armed forces. The Count of Corinth is reinstated to his position in return for a significant sum of money from Iceland and two of their Byzantine exploration ships. [MOD RESPONSE: Given the fluid state of national borders and displacement caused by the civil war and purges, a census is ordered to be completed by the end of the year. On the foreign policy front, Emperor Julius reaches out to the Venetian Republic, requesting low-interest loans and assistance to help reconstruction, as well as naval protection from bandits and other enemies of Romania while the nation heals. In return, he promises a ten-year agreement of tariff-free access to Romanian ports and a 30-year lease on the port city of Chania, subject to renewal in 1494].
    • The direct territories of the Emperor comes out to 860,000, but some regions are undercounted due to the recent chaos
    • Venice gives all the assistance to the Latin Empire that they need, in exchange for this port city. They also request that Julius respects the individual forts on the coast that Venice owned before the civil war
  • Kingdom of Eiru: With all the lords of Ireland handing in copies of the King of Scotland's letter, The Parliament of Ireland requests the King of Scotland to renounce all claims to the throne of Ireland along with those of all his descendants (Scotland response) otherwise we ask the Celtic confederacy to expel Scotland and if Scotland does not renounce its claims and they are not expelled from the confederacy then Eiru will leave. In answer to the questions raised by the Scottish letter, the Commons remain firmly opposed to the incessant violence of settling disputes by battle and the Lords are not especially keen. Points are also raised in Parliament by many that Scotland is more centralised and more autocratic than Ireland, that the King of Scotland has been advocating a falsified claim to the throne and that he is treacherous in the first place for advocating it. An increasing wave of anti-Scottish resentment spreads across much of Parliament especially the Commons. Aodh continues to pursue agents of Scotland even the ones from the Isle of Mann. Defences continue to be improved and maintained while all freemen continue their training.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: A long time ago, in a desert far, far away... the Pirates of Barbaria continue their brutal and unrelenting raids against the Latins and Greeks across the vast Aegean Sea. Becoming territorial after capturing Karpathos and Béjaïa in the past number of years, the Sultan of Barbaria and Béjaïa, Jamal Rahman, personally visits Karpathos, leading prayer there as well as participating in a few raids himself before returning to Béjaïa. This year, all of the surviving pirate forces in Aegea are led toward one final siege of Athens, with nearly 4,000 pirates landing an assault on the city in an effort to collapse the weakened state and legitimize the Pirate Empire. If unsuccessful, they are to retreat to Karpathos and await further instruction. Meanwhile, as the 'Aman Council continues to direct strategies to successfully defeat the separatist forces of the Rahmanid dynasty, Cadet Muhammad al-Janann and Commander Abdullah 'Amr 'Uthman are sent on a suicidal mission to infiltrate the city of Algiers. Knowing the capital of Béjaïa is fortified and dangerous, the Council deduces that Algiers is a critical weakpoint for the heathen pirates. The Siege of Algiers, as canonized in حروب القراصنة (Pirate Wars), would result in a Hafsid victory, although casualties were high. Cadet Muhammad al-Janann was promoted to Lieutenant while Commander 'Amr 'Uthman was made a Colonel. During this time of great conflict, Caliph Ahmad III's many wives give birth to many of his children. 
  • Swiss Confederacy: The Central Council is pleased at the signing of the peace treaty between France and Lotharingia, though the Swiss bishops and some local nobles are still upset about the Edict of Reims that remains active in France. The Central Council pays close attention to the increasing tension in the British Isles. As King Richard II of England and King Edward III of Scotland continue to dispute the position of Prince of Wales, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg proposes a compromise candidate for Prince of Wales so that Edmund of York would not have to give up his English titles: Thomas Courtenay, the Earl of Devon (b. 1432, OTL died 1461 but that was in a battle so I assume he is still alive in MdM), a supporter of the Yorkists and a Lenzburg relative. (Scotland response) (Mod response for England) The Central Council tentatively announce their support for the King of Scotland in the emerging dispute between Scotland and Ireland, though they do not commit any mercenaries to this front and so the entirety of the Swiss mercenary force remains within the Confederacy for now. The University of Basel continues to print pamphlets using their Roman printing press in the support of the Inquisition of Popes Pius II and Gregory XIII. The Canton of Montfort sends an envoy to the independent city of Lindau, suggesting that they should join the Swiss Confederacy as the Canton of Lindau as they have very close ties to the nation already, being entirely surrounded by the Swiss Canton of Montfort and the largely Swiss-controlled Lake Constance and having had a trade alliance with the Confederacy since 1439; joining as a full member would give Lindau the benefit of representation and participation in the Central Council. (Mod response) Domestically, the government works on funding the improvement of ecclesial schools and clinics at the nation's seven cathedrals. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the western border of the nation in the Cantons of Geneva, Lausanne, Pontarlier and Basel-Bishopric. Johann Zubiria (1402-1464), head priest of the Western Church of Unterwalden, dies of a disease and is succeeded as head priest by Federico Fernández (b. 1425), a recent immigrant from Navarre who was named after the Navarrese Saint Federico Goikoetxea (1256-1323). Edmund of York and Constance von Lenzburg have their first child, a son named Lionel (b. 1464). Later in the year, Henry VII, Count of Gorizia and Ísabella Sturlungur have their first child, a daughter named Louise (b. 1464).
    • Lindau keeps their status as a Free Imperial city with benefits from the German Emperor, and is not interested in joining the Confederacy willingly
  • Dai Viet: In 1442, loyalist Nguyễn Trãi and his family were exterminated in the case of Lệ Chi viên, due to suspisions of them murdering former Emperor Lê Nhân Tông. However, long after, this case still leaves behind many mysteries. After years of searching, the Emperor has found a living descendant of Nguyễn Trãi, named Nguyễn Anh Vũ, who explanied that his mother, Phạm Thị Mẫn, the fourth concubine of Nguyễn Trãi that had escaped to Lan Xang while being wanted and gave birth to him there. He also gathered many evidences in proving that his father is innocent and presents them to the Emperor. Having investigated the evidences, the Emperor writes the edict to clear Nguyễn Trãi's name, as well as ennobling him, presenting the rest of his living family with land and money to repair his tombs, making Anh Vũ a local official, and finding the rest of Nguyễn Trãi's literacy works. The Emperor also repealed the law of hereditary to the loyalist families. Upon hearing Chiang Hung's coopeartion, a levy comprises of 10,000 men are sent to Chiang Hung, with General Nguyen Duc Chung as the commander, to occupy Chiang Hung with the people there cooperating, and tell the chief there to declare secession from Lan Na, with the Emperor writing an edict to grant him the title of Cảnh Hồng Quốc vương (King of Chiang Hung) (Mod Response about Lan Na's reactions)
    • Lan Xang (Dai Viet protectorate): The army is also put under preparation and is highly cautious about potential threats.
  • Kingdom of Arles: In North-west Africa, settlers in Nouvelle Digne start moving downward to connect with Désert Pârle. After negotiations with the Portuguese, we request the leasing of a port in the Azores. (PORTUGUESE RESPONSE). The economy is improved and new ships are made. Asti is refortified while pressure is gradually put on Noli. Lucas and Sophia have their first child, a boy named Andre. In July, a fire breaks out in Marseilles, destroying many buildings. Fortunately, the fire is put out before it can cause damage to important buildings such as the Palace. Robert II travels throughout the kingdom to give speeches and to observe the inhabitants.
    • Pisa: The economy is now on the upward trend, with more ships being built. Fortifications are put up on the northern border.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di" With a small settlement in Yele island together with a district in Hoekbaai, the Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie Investing in the infrastructure, Banking and metalurgy capabilities. With KWAC merchants founding "the Hoekbaaiersche bank" which is a bank that gives loans to projects in the city. As this bank works together with natives and Franconians, even if Franconians do form a very big portion of those taking loans, these loans often being to buy some suplies to make voyages to other trading posts. Meanwhile, in Europe most Hanseatic soldiers go back to their homes in the north, as the fighting has ended. Thus now the budget for the army decreases once again as to pay for the repairment costs of Lotharingia as the war has brought distruction to Lotharingia and her land.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Census: 6,204,000 (5.5mil(.002)(64)), Levy: 46,530 As the news of Dai Viet deploying troops into the Lan Na region of Chiang Hung reach the ears of Rama Trailokanat, an envoy is dispatched to Lan Na offering Ayutthayan unconditional support in whatever avenue they decide to pursue in dealing with the issue. (Mod Response, note: Unconditional support to Lan Na). Tun Perak as the Bendahara has been given orders and the authority to assemble troops from across the Kingdom in case the issue in Lan Na spills over into war with preparations made by dispatching troops to the Ava and Lan Xang borders. Two forces have been raised with with one of 20,000 men which is held along the Lan Xang border and a force of 6,000 raised and sent to the Ava border as a precaution against Ava's involvement in the conflict. Another diplomatic party is sent to Toungoo offering an alliance to Ayutthaya to cement their position as Ayutthaya's ally. (Mod Response). Dhammazedi takes to reforming Buddhism and encouraging its growth once more after the period spent restoring order to the Kingdom of Ayutthaya. Hang Tuah is given an expanded budget as the Laksamana to continue producing ships and funding naval operations for the Ayutthayan Navy and he has promoted the establishment of a school for naval officers alongside the existing school for military officers which Rama Trailokanat has supported the creation of. In preparations for whatever may come, the Temenggung is given orders to open the stores of funds set aside for use in the potential upcoming war with Dai Viet. The mission to Bodh Gaya is stopped this year in order to save the resources used to fund it for the task of war preparations.
  • Roman Empire: The incessant piracy found in the Aegean has caused a serious issue for Imperial merchants and thus a naval expedition is sent to subdue them. The force consists of 30 war galleys, 35 caraveles galleas equipped for war, and an assortment of merchant vessels numbering 100. In total, the 165 ships conduct anti-piracy patrols and attempt to find the main strongholds of the pirates and their secret bases. Internal reforms are continually adopted in the far flung regions, and greater central control is exerted on Lycaonia through these reforms. With the near completion of the Library and Gregorios’ work to improve the strategic studies branch the Pandidakterion exudes new knowledge and re-learned ancient ideas. With the economy recovering quickly, the budget begins to grow again and the deficits of the last decade are avoided for the first time in a while. Gregorios, ever the spender, is quick to use most all of the surplus to improve the military particularly implemented a recently developed technology, the limber. This invention affords artillery greater mobility and effectiveness in the field of combat. Six years remain on construction of the Great Library.
    • Despotates of Cappadocia and Lycaonia: Lycaonia continues its integration toward the capital, descending as an asteroid caught in a gravity well. The spread of seed drills occurs here as well with their introduction by resettled troops. The flat open land of central Lycaonia is well suited to these drills which allow for much larger areas to be planted rapidly and with less work. In Cappadocia the Tagaris Dynasty continues to crack down on the Muslim lower nobility, seizing remote holdouts when possible and distributing land to Christian families to empower their supporters. Construction of fortifications around Caesarea continues.
  • Vinland: The island is composed of a diverse population of ~1,000 indigenous Beothuk peoples who mostly live inland and in the south, a population of ~750 Nordic peoples who populate the northern coasts, and anywhere from 700 to 1200 mixed Nordic-Indigenous hunter-gatherers and agriculturalists found throughout the island. Due to the long relationship between Beothuk and Nordic people, agriculture is broadly practiced in tandem with hunting and gathering. Although sometimes resulting in peaceful cultural exchanges, the Beothuk-Nordic relationship is frequently violent. Several skirmishes were fought this year over scarce resources, resulting in scores of deaths. There is limited iron metallurgy among the Nordic and mixed population, aiding their hunting and agriculture. Some of this iron metallurgy is noticed by the Beothuk and some tools are stolen/crafted. There has been a moderate amount of linguistic exchange between the Beothuk and Nordic, but since the groups are both very small in population and mostly segregated, their mutual effects are limited. Mixed-race people call the island Beotland or, as borrowed from the Inuit: Ikkarumikluak. Political organization is mostly tribal, with several bands of Nordic and mixed-race tribes existing in the coastal areas and in the plains. This year, some Nordic and Mixed-race people sail northeast and explore Inuit coasts. (Mod Response: is this plausible?) Some trade happens and Nordics bring back some recognizably Icelandic objects. In terms of religion, folk religion reigns supreme, along with ancient Nordic polytheism. Because of the cold global climate, summers are short, growing periods are small, and winters are punishing. Competition for food is fierce. Population growth is stagnant. To mods: What is the plausibility of sustained Icelandic-Vinlandic contact? Also, has Christianity ever reached the island? EDIT: I've read all of the Vinland posts in the 1300s and propose retconning all of them due to implausibility.
  • The Spanish Empire: Katherine, The Lady of Hispania celebrates her quinceanera by having a lavish ball. A select group of peasantry attend while Katherin herself enjoys time with her father, mother and siblings. The King's wife becomes pregnant once again later on in the year. The next family arrival is yet to be seen. Meanwhile, Katherine now of age spends time in the courts as a guest within the Assembly. Here she gains prominence as she as Assembly Guest and Heir Apparent is allowed to voice her opinions yet are not necessarily having to be considered. In Nueva Zamora, after reaching out to some tribesmen, Julio Barrera is established as a diplomat between the tribes of the land and the colony. The coastal areas are negotiated upon seeing how the Gashi Tribe which inhabits the region also enjoys fishing near the sea. They agree to coming to live on the land seeing the riches these strange white men had to offer them. The Gashi Tribe leader needed to make sure he could absolutely trust these strange men and as so Juan agrees to a marriage between the Gashi Tribe leader's daughter and himself. The Nueva Zamora's native population as a result are introduced to the colony and are given a plot to cultivate, showing them how to grow the introduced Sugar-Cane Crop which has grown in prominence within the colony.With a paveway for expansion further along the shore, more waters for both fishing, constructing markets, and properties are made. Overall, Spanish Africa does well.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock, Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. The various states and cities of the League experience a year of jubilation as their soldiers return, richer and elated that the war to defend Lotharingia was indeed successful. A baby boom begins around this time, both due to the returning soldiers and due to a booming economy. Around this year, the massive Holstentor gates are finished, towering over most of Lübeck. The city has never felt safer. Cannons are installed in parts of the tower to better defend the city. The Hansa once again turns its attention back east, as Brandenburg has effectively acquired the Baltic Duchies. Though the Hansa is eager to see this region in a more stable regime, it is concerned how this will affect trade. As a show of goodwill, however, banking magnate and Alderman of the League Simon Burkhart offers the hand of his daughter in marriage to Brandenburg. (Mod Response needed)

1465

Pope Gregory XIII dies, and a new conclave is held to elect the new Pope. The Cardinal-Electors hope to deal with the deteriating situation in Greece, not only in preserving the Catholic presence there, but in protecting the trade of their allies as well. Reports come in that the Island of Naxos has fallen to the Hafsids, and the Order of Bari has been evicted to Naples.

King Henry II of France faces a severe resistence from the French nobles against the Capetian policies toward centralization. The most influential nobles opposed to the Capetians now forms a coalition known as the League of the Public Wheel, currently lead by the Duke of Berry.

The Kingdom of Lan Na dissolves their protection from Dai Viet, and raises an army of 8,000 to put down the rebellion of Chiang Hung. They reach out to Siam to support them in this conflict, although this will result in the Second Siam-Viet War.

A revolt of Moors takes place within the Rif region of Spanish-controlled Morocco, passively supported by the resident Wattasid Dynasty. They hold an army of 12,000 troops at Ceuta.

After successfully defending Athens from further attack by the Moors, the Venetian admiral Enrico Gonzalgo (ATL character) suggests that they should combine their forces with the stronger Byzantine navy in the same region, to help seize control over the Aegean Islands. Other voices in the Venetian republic instead insist on recruiting nearby Crusader orders such as the Knights of Saint John in Chios, or the Kingdom of Tripoli.

Carmo Magellito returns to Arles after an unexpectedly short period of time, claiming to have visited the country of "Vietland". His description of his journey and the country sound very fantastical, and largely palagarized from the earlier explorers Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta and John Manderville.

In order to accomodate his alliances abroad, King Richard II declares that Edmund of York's descendents will not inherit the throne of England. This declaration is highly contested in the English parliament, which finds this decision quite dubious.

Massive flooding occurs across parts of China, prompting the Tian Emperor to construct many new bridges and dams.

John Hardyng completes the Rhyming Chronicle of English History.

  • Dai Viet: (Cencus: 4,546,212; Levy: 34,096) Upon hearing on Ayutthaya's willingness of another war, the Emperor is extreamly displeased. Remembering General Ly Thuong Kiet of the Ly dynasty quoting The Art of War saying that "Before one fight us, it'd be better if we take the initiative", before invading the Song dynasty in 1075 in the Lý-Song War, the Emperor orders 12,000 men, along with 11,250 Lan Xang men (total of 23,250) to invade Ayutthaya's vassal of Cambodia, reason is to distract Ayutthayan troops from the other fronts. 12,000 Vietnamese forces commanded by Nguyen Duc Chung will invade the Mekong river delta, half would attack on land while half would invade navally. The troops shall invade and ransack villages for more rations. They are ordered to attack and take the city of Prey Nokor with support of siege weapons. With 11,250 forces from Lan Xang they are required to siege Krâchéh City. (Algo). About the Battle of Chiang Hung, Chiang Hung Rebel forces are additioned by 12,096 other men to counter Lan Na and potential Ayutthaya forces (total 22,096, with small additions of the Chiang Hung army). They are commanded by General Le Tho Vuc. (Algo). Field rations, having being put in plantations near the borders of our neighboring countries, shall be transported to and get used by the army. We also request our ally Ava to attack Toungoo and/or Pegu, to distract Ayutthayan troops from our front, with the reason being, first Ayutthaya probably had angered Ava by supporting Taungoo's independence, second, this will benefit Ava once Dai Viet has control over Chiang Hung. (Mod Response, Algo). (more to come)
    • Lan Xang (Dai Viet protectorate): (Cencus:3,000,000; Levy: 22,500) As mentioned in the Dai Viet paragraph, 11,250 men will invade Cambodia with King Soukaphone's commanding the army while the rest of the army stay in Lan Xang to defend Vientiane as well as waiting for orders from the King. During her husband's absence, Queen Thao Quốc is ruling the country and she along with court mandarins shall be in charge of the remaining army should a force arrives to invade the country.
    • Mod response: Conflict arises all trough Burma as Toungo and Ava fight eachother in a bitter battle of wills.
  • Iceland: With the King of England not wanting to be succeeded by his descendants Ólaf proposes that the Lancasters and the Yorkists shall take turns as Kings starting with the Lancaster. (Response Needed ). We try to establish an embassy in Vinland to make the flow of trade easier for the Skrælingjar.(Vinland Response Needed)
    • Vinland: A Nordic tribe on the northern coasts is willing to establish a trade outpost. There is some mutual intelligibility between Icelandic and Vinlandic traders but there is still difficulty in communication. Vinlandic tribes are hesitant about an embassy.
  • Kingdom of Portugal:The regent decides to remain neutral for the time being in the Spanish-Rif conflict that just sprung up in Morocco.The young queen meets a young commoner by the name of Amelia who quikly becomes the queen best friend.She promises Amilie that when she is queen for real, that she shall make sure she gets a position in the royal council. In another turn of events, the regent funds the navy and army bringing them up to the latest military and naval tactics and strategies.
  • Kingdom of Arles: Carmo Mangellito's respect decreases tremendously for his blatant lie about his supposed trip to 'Vietand.' We offer support to Hispania, sending 4,000 troops. (HISPANIAN REPONSE). We continue requesting a lease to a port in the Azores. (PORTUGUESE RESPONSE.) More ships are built and the economy improved. In Asti, the first voluntary troops are recruited, and roads are built. Less money is invested and more is kept.
    • Pisa: Pisan Fortifications are rebuilt and the Port at Livorno is upgraded.
    • Portuguese Diplomacy: We agree for the lease of a small port in the Azores for 20 years.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: Through trade offices in Alexandria, the Ethiopian trade ministry is able to obtain 1,000 arquebuses, procured by the Papal vassal the Republic of Ancona. The arquebuses are shipped down via the Red Sea to Ethiopia, where they are placed under the guard of the Prince Amda Seyon. The Prince begins to train the fledgling standing army in gunpowder warfare. Under the Prince and the Byzantine officers who came with him to Ethiopia, the men begin drilling in firing, loading and deploying arquebuses. As training continues, the Prince seeks to procure more weapons and sends a letter to his friend Giuliano della Rovere asking for to purchase 2,000 arquebuses a year for the next five years, and expressing an interest to purchase cannons in the future [PAPAL RESPONSE NEEDED]. As the Prince begins to train the fledgling army in gunpowder warfare, the Emperor Tewodros II continues his father’s policy of internal development, continuing to patronize numerous artists, scholars and other intellectuals while contributing to Ethiopia’s cities and settlements. The Emperor, interested in academic and literary pursuits, builds more amphitheaters throughout Ethiopia, places for actors to act out Greco-Roman plays spreading throughout the empire. Commercial businesses continue to grow, as small business fill niche markets, such as dye stations, coffee shops and clothing stores. The Empire also sees the return of Makda Akousa, but instead of being on his dhows he is brought by several larger seemingly more advanced ships, crewed by an exotic looking people. Makda Akousa explains the fleet comes from the land of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, a powerful spice kingdom in east Asia. The explorers from Ayutthaya are given an audience with the Emperor, who allows them to stay and restock supplies while enjoying the pleasures of the Imperial Capital.
    • Papal diplomacy: Giuliano Della Rovere deliver the message to the Elders of the Republic of Ancona. They accept the agreement and send 2,000 arquebuses to Ethiopia.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Some port is being upgraded, the Lithuanians started to establish an outpost trade some boats have been built yet, and economic is advancing a little thought also establish a trade office in that region, the Polish trade military is also able to ruin and agreed by the crown's statues in fever a unit administrator division and local goverments was established. More locals region are being constructed and establish more village, Casimir IV discusses the reign of the power and the economy and a while the cathedral is still in construction to take a year, to establish it some scholar and city are being constructed in the new areas the port are being run by the Lithuanians in case of economy and development, some troops are recruited and hire them to keep the economy the duke will interested to contribute and agree to participate and advance the kingdom' is approved by the locals high office a while the men are delopying and articoasting in trade and place to act throught the kingdom ships are placed in the Baltic Sea to gain trades and interest they are allow to buy and gain exchange in return for merchants The fortress is being refortified under in progress and is hired in profit' and regarded by Casimir IV, his wife Elizabeth of Austria promote the king to gain more intereset and discussion of power and the right of ruling they establish a law for safety and protection' Casimir IV Casimir had been taught Lithuanian and Latin language and the customs of Lithuania by appointed court office' in agreement and businesse continue to grow up and fill markets to sell productions and buying them' the social progress is still ongoing well and continue to reign the policy of Lithuania's duchy and had an interest to purchase ships and establish more village Casimir IV is interested if would like to establish a unit administrator region to gain more population and establish village here and had an interest tradeport from here to gain more money which why Casimir IV, wanted had a region like that and gain more interest. [Mod Reponse].
  • Vinland: The population stagnates this year and is shy of around 2,800 people. The Norse tribes occupy the northern coasts while the Beothuk live in the central and southern areas. Mixed race tribes are found throughout the island. Some live in family bands of entirely mixed people, while others comingle amongst Norse and Beothuk. There is a concentration of mixed and Beothuk people in the far south, where the climate is the best. A village known as Dogajavick (Beothuk for fox) grows enough to be noticed by northerners inclined to trade. There are some skirmishes this year, but due to the low population density and the hunter-gatherer lifestyle of much of the population, conflict is somewhat rare. Agriculture is very limited to only the hardiest of plants in the best of climates. The growing season is punishingly short so most of the island’s residents rely upon fishing, hunting, and gathering. Only the Norse in the north and some Beothuk in the south show any interest in partial sedentary living. The Norse peoples in the north welcome the Icelandic traders with bated optimism. There is considerable intelligibility between Norse and Icelandic traders but there is still some difficulty and communicating. Vinlanders notice strange symbols shaped like a '+' being worn by some traders. The Norse tribes along the north accept the Icelandic offer to build tradeposts due to the scarce food and tool stockpiles. The Icelandic trade presence allows the possibility to bring advanced metallurgy in the future, among other things. The trade post is built near a village known as Elufsker (OTL Corner Brook). Icelandic Dip: Norse tribes request a shipment of foodstuffs/tuber seeds in return for furs and fish.
    • Icelandic Dip: We agree.
  • Mali Empire: Omar Shajah completed the initial reforms to the reconstruction of the Kongolese military, placing its organization under tight control from Mande officers. He further continues to organize the infrastructure in the Kingdom, and creates numerous homes and buildings to encourage the semi-nomadic people of the Kongo to settle into permanent residence. He also creates larger agricultural centers to further encourage this settlement, for which he also imports Malian rice and sorghum to mix with the local crops. Back in the capital of Mali, Mansa Khalil is further captivated by the story-telling of Moomtaz Zuhur, which bargains for her life. Zuhur's stories began with tales that confirm his misogynist ideals, describing wicked and malicious women as villains of various fables. She slowly transitioned from this to women who aren't quite as malicious, but moreso crafty and use their cunning for good instead of evil. Her stories then transitioned to women who are more innocent and naive, but are guided toward independence by their more competant elders. Finally, her last stories focused on great heroines that exemplify piety and courage, in the support of their faithful husbands. By the end of these stories, Khalil's perspective on women had completely changed, and he no longer distrusted them for the death of his father. Also, by this point Khalil and Zuhur had already reared two sons and one daughter.
  • Papal States: With the death of Pope Gregory XIII, his Fisherman's ring is broken by Cardinal-Secretary Francesco Della Rovere. The deceased pontiff is buried at the Basilica of Saint Peter after a mass is celebrated for his soul. Even with Gregory's death, the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition will continue with the fight against the heresy. The Pontifical Roman Press continues the mass publication of books and pamphlets to be used by the members of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers across Europe to defend the Catholic Faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards, showing their heresy. Even with the death of Pope Gregory XIII the construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continue. The chapel will be a high retangular building with a small dome build in the celling over the altar and it dimensions will be that of the Temple of Solomon, as given in the Old Testament. As a last wish of Gregory XIII, Antonio Rossellino will sculpt the tomb of future popes. Rossellino started the tomb of Gregory XIII last year and as soon as it is finished the body of the deceased pope will be moved to the new tomb. The statue of Pope Sixtus IV made by Andrea del Verrochio is finished and placed in the Saint Augustine's University. With the sculpture finished, Verrochio joins his aprentice, Leonardo da Vinci, in painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino continues to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope, this year he finishes the scupture of Saint Ari of Iceland and starts the one of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. The health of Adalfredo Meccia declines this year and he becomes very ill. In October Adalfredo dies and is buried in the Church of Divine Mercy. He is replaced as professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University by his disciple Federigo Marin. A letter from Saint Augustine's University is sent to the Alsatian Johann Burchard offering to him classes of Canon Law at the University [MOD response needed, please]. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Giuliano writes a new letter to his friend Prince Amda Seyon, telling him about the deaths of Adalfredo Meccia and of Pope Gregory XIII. [Ethiopia response needed, please], Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Rodrigo de Borgia also becomes Doctor in Canon Law this year. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Albert VI of Habsburg and Lucretia of Modena had a son named Albert. While the cardinals are in the Conclave, the people pray to God that the next pope will be a good shepherd to Christendom.
    • Republic of Ancona: The death of Pope Gregory XIII is mourned by the people of Ancona. A mass is celebrated in the Cathedral of Ancona for his soul. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Buchard comes to Rome
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt. The Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. The Hansa once again turns its attention back east, as Brandenburg has effectively acquired the Baltic Duchies. Though the Hansa is eager to see this region in a more stable regime, it is concerned how this will affect trade. As a show of goodwill, however, banking magnate and Alderman of the League Simon Burkhart offers the hand of his daughter in marriage to Brandenburg. (Mod Response needed) With the construction of the Holstentor wrapping up, Lübeck holds a festival to celebrate its success. What was once just another port town along the Baltic has become the dominant power in the Baltic and a major player in European politics. Demonstrations of Hanseatic fleet movements, cannons, and troops carry on for days in and around Lübeck and Hamburg. This is, of course, mixed with a generous helping of food and games. The Hanseatic League expresses interest in buying ports (Kontors) in Scotland and Ireland, which would bring a myriad of products from Russia and Germany into the British Isles and vice versa, generating a stream of revenue for both parties. (Player responses needed). 
    • Ireland Dip: We accept.
    • Sigismund II's nephew, Count Johann of Danzig, accepts the marriage
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Census: 6,204,000/Levy: 46,530/Reserves: 6,530 Angered at Vietnamese aggression against Lan Na, Toungoo, and the Ayutthayan vassal of the Khmer Kingdom, King Trailokanat orders that all Dai Viet trade be halted through Ayutthayan waters and lands. A force composed of 14,000 men under the command of the Hang Jebat is mobilized to Lan Na's aid in removing Vietnamese forces occupying the region of Chiang Hung with extreme prejudice (Algo Needed, note: 14,000 men from Ayutthaya and 8,000 from Lan Na in Chiang Hung). Another army composed of 16,000 men under Tun Perak is raised and deployed alongside the entirety of the levy for the Khmer Kingdom to attack Dai Viet forces who are invading the Khmer region of the Mekong Delta. (Algo Needed, note: 16,000 men along with whatever the entire Khmer Levy is). A naval group composed of 38 djongs and 190 smaller vessels being dispatched to assault Dai Viet ships in the waters around the Mekong Delta using the cetbangs equipped onboard to sink or seize the ships for Ayutthayan use. (Naval Algo). Finally, Hang Tuah is given command of 10,000 men to march to the aid of Toungoo in repelling the Ava forces attacking the Kingdom (Algo Needed, note: 10,000 men along with Toungoo's levy). King Trailokanat orders that a messenger be dispatched to the Confederation of Shan states requesting that they enter the war against Ava promising the upper regions of Ava to the Shan states for their aid in the conflict (Mod Response). The Penghulu Bendahari continues rationing and limiting government spending in an effort to save funds for the financial crisis that would most likely strike the Kingdom if the war was to be prolonged. The Temmengung begins working in earnest with the Orang Besar to ensure the flow of everyday life through use of security forces and intelligence assets to quietly remove and suppress dissent across Ayutthaya for the duration of the conflict.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: As Scotland distributes propaganda offering greater autonomy to the Irish nobility if they were to accept the King of Scotland, we distribute our own propaganda via similar means as Scotland accusing the King of Scotland of offering greater autonomy to Ireland than his own current Kingdom. We encourage the Scottish nobility to reject the existing centralisation and autocracy of Scotland. We continue to maintain a stance of hostility with Scotland and prepare for a potential war. The heir to the throne Aodh has a son Eoin this year. Our economy remains stable with reasonable trade with Europe.
  • Chimu: "Seemingly when the Pakatmayo stopped attacking, there was a brief moment of "Peace", though the chimunese were still in war against this criminal organization filled with dozens of disidents and former military troops conspiracing against Viracocha, battle rages on. Skirmishes happen throughout the whole nation, and most of the Chimunese civilians are in quarantine thanks to the paranoid actions of Viracocha, who does not know where this organization comes from. As for their origins, the Pakatmayo originated three decades ago. It started as a small pacifist organization that wanted peace for their own nation and accepted the unification of nations and alliances. But as soon as their own organization had a criminal undercover in its ranks, this same criminal killed all the original Pakatmayo members and persuaded others to join this new organization that will bring the traitors to Justice in order to create peace. Viracocha is mostly seem across this organization as a traitor, due to him accepting other religions aside from the Chimunese religion and accepting alliances with "rival civilizations". As for many other reasons, the Pakatmayo want revenge against viracocha, since one of the member's village was assaulted ten years ago, as a result of the leader's paranoia and fear for a new civil war. Now, in the present, the war faces a relief. It stopped for a "while".... The two sides are preparing for the next strike."
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The merchants of "the Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie" begin to see the reforms by the Mande ruling class in the millitary and the government of Congo. Amir Omar Ali Shajah placing Mande officers and Islamic officials in the army and government, which raises questions with the Fristian but secular "Koninglyke West Afrikaansche Compagnie". The KWAC wanting to keep native congolese culture, norms, religion and rulers in place, as the company sees that as the best manner to keep stability and prosperity in Congo. The KWAC now not only established as a trade power but also a sovereign global power, the KWAC being allowed to recruit soldiers and act independently from the kings in Lotharingia. This is as the Senatus Regus Lotharrii together with King Godfried allowing the KWAC to bring Lotharignian culture tradition and trade to Qfrica without restriction in return for recognising the Basic Royal law in their lands. Governor Hendrick Wevers also begins to construct the first administrative buildings such as a governor's house, a small barrack able to house up to 100 soldiers, a Christian church and a small habour, Hendrick becoming Governor of Ghinawha (Guinea). In Etula governor Hendrick hears about how two Spanish merchants have disapeared since the portuguese authorities tried to persue the killer, Luciano mayo and Estaban navarro's faith being unknown. Wever feeling like these actions are a possible ploy by the portuguese authorities to make him hand over the criminal to them even when the criminal was allready in house arrest. Meanwhile, in Lotharingia itself, the handcannon is fully replaced by the the punaisiers as they are shown to be easier to handle and more portable then the hand cannons. The punaisier being more complicated but not as riskful to shoot and most important faster and more accurate then her predescesor.
  • Kingdom of Maabar: Years of stagnation come to an end with the crowning of Vilkhit Pandyas. He continues road projects and begins on sewage in Korkai and the new Port City connecting Ceylon to kingdom trade. Vilkhit ask Ethiopia's Emperor if an Maabaran trade company can be set up in a port of his choosing. (Player Response) Better ship building techniques are rolled out in Korkai. and New large hulled ships soon protect trade between Ceylon. The king sends merchants all around Asia to bring back news of far of lands and any large trade cities to establish ourselves. Men are sent to Europe to study in any university that will accept them.
    • Ethiopia Dip: The Empire is pleased to allow Indian merchants to establish themselves in Beri, allowing them to set up trade offices within the city.
  • Empire of Romania: National reconstruction begins using funds from the Venetians and Iceland. While several leading military officials and politicians call for rearmament and reconstruction of defensive structures - notably, the Long Walls that guarded Athens centuries ago - it is decided that economic recovery and reintegration into the European trade system is a more pressing goal. Thousands of workers flood into Athens to fulfill the Imperial Mandate of Reconstruction, calling for the restoration of the great city to its pre-uprising glory. All businesses are declared tax-exempt for a year, and both import and export tariffs are reduced by 25% to incentivize trade. In order to ensure the treasury has enough liquidity to cover unexpected shortfalls and general operations, Imperial Treasurer Marcus Suprano orders the issuance of tens of thousands of denarii worth of short-term bonds, with around one-third of issued bonds maturing in one year and the rest in three years. A former military administrative building is repurposed as a trading center for these new government bonds, a symbol of the shift in priorities of the government. This new lending system, partially adopted from the Venetians, is designed to allow the recovering empire to stretch beyond their current currency reserves in this time of rebuilding. Furthermore, recognizing that reconstruction must heal both the nation and its people, Emperor Suprano signs the Imperial Mandate of Orthodox-Latin Unity, recognizing both faiths as valid systems of belief within the empire and prohibiting the passage of any laws discriminatory toward the Orthodox faith, as well as a 1-year tax exemption for families who identify as Orthodox. It is hoped that these measures will attract Orthodox families who fled the civil war northward to return and help rebuild their homeland. The Imperial Mandate of the Senate reinstitutes the ancient Roman governing body, replacing the small Imperial Council that advised the emperor in the past.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Given these new religious reforms, Emperor Julius Suprano orders an official count and estimate of displaced Orthodox individuals repatriated from the homeland.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Alarmed by rumors of Venice seeking a naval alliance with the Byzantines, Romania sends a secret envoy to Venice to negotiate a long-term treaty of military and economic co-operation. The terms would include joint policing of trading sea lanes, mutual reduction of tariffs and trade barriers, as well as a joint currency exchangeability agreement that would make it easier for merchants to use either currency and do business in their respective countries. The 30-year lease on Chania would be extended to 50 years, and Venetian buyers would get the same interest rate on Romanian government bonds as domestic purchasers, as well as fee-free trading and selling of bonds in the Athens exchange. Emperor Julius hopes these most favorable terms will strengthen the relationship between the two great nations and lead to further economic and political co-operation.
      • Venice is OK with this.
      • Too early for bonds. -Solmod
  • Swiss Confederacy: The Central Council is pleased that King Richard II of England and King Edward III of Scotland seem to be settling the dispute over the Princedom of Wales, though Constance von Lenzburg is somewhat unhappy her son Lionel would be unable to inherit the English throne, though he becomes the first in line to the Princedom in exchange. Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg and the Central Council continue to tentatively support the King of Scotland in the emerging tensions between Scotland and Ireland, though as those tensions have not yet become outright conflict they stay generally quiet about this issue and no Swiss mercenaries are sent out yet. As a number of Swiss nobles and clergy are upset at the French Kings' religious edicts, many members of the Central Council are sympathetic toward the League of the Public Weal that has emerged in France. Covertly, the Central Council sends an envoy to the Duke of Berry, promising the League financial support and if a conflict breaks out military support, if in exchange the League denounces the Edict of Reims and allows the Inquisition to operate in their territories. (Mod response) While in Rome for the papal conclave, Bishop of Augsburg Jodok Seitz attempts to have a messenger sent to Smyrna to encourage the Knights Hospitaller to return to Italy as the military situation in Greece becomes increasingly dire. (Mod response) The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on improving the fortifications of the city of Schwyz, where the Central Council is convened, by building new watchtowers around the city. Domestically, the government works on improving and expanding cattle farms in order to increase the domestic food supply. The University of Basel continues to print pamphlts in support of the Inquisition, which merchants spread to other nearby German states. Guðný Sturlungur (1404-1465), wife of King Robert II of Arles, dies of natural causes. Later in the year, Mary Beaufort (1434-1465), daughter of the former King Edward V of England living in exile in Ireland, dies of a wound infection after being injured in a fall. William IV, Count of Geneva and Seselia Sturlungur have their second child, a daughter named Margaret (b. 1465).
    • The Duke of Berry accepts the support
    • The Knights Hospitaller does not want to give up, and instead insists that the Order of Bari should be reinstated to help them fight back against the Moors and Orthodox
  • Duchy of Saxony: The Duke's son Otto and his wife Maria of Savoy have two children this year, a son and a daughter - named Shadrach and Maria, respectively. The Duke of Saxony is also an enthusiastic supporter of the Inquisition (though his oldest son and heir, Wenceslaus, is wary of them and disapproves of their methods). The aged Bonne de la Marck, the Duke/Elector Henry's sister, dies this year, possibly of grief for all her children who have predeceased her, after dominating her husband Eirikur, her children, and her grandchildren, for almost half a century. Her husband, grief-stricken, falls ill, and stays abed for the rest of the year.
  • Empire of Japan: Annoyed by yet another war in Indo-china, the Japanese navy begins more closely patrolling the region to defend against the obvious uptick in piracy and possibly privateering as well as Japan clearly trades with both sides in the conflict. A neutral stance is taken on the war and uninvolvement is sought. The settlement of Fort Koba continues to expand with its borders now having pushed south officially making contact with the Tribal confederacy to the south (i am unsure of the name). The development in the Siberian settlements also sees the three small outposts expand into small towns which thrive on fishing and the fur trade comming out of Siberia. As a result of the decades of fur ranging into the north accurate and detailed maps of the region start to come as a result. This also begins to result in some legitimacy in claiming the far reaching territory as within the orbit of Japan with established safe points and outposts to help with the driven fur industry. The new Aimoi Zaibatsu (having very recently achieved this status in Manzhu) redirects some into investing into the province with necessary infrastructural developments to help support the new communities are funded in the edges of the province. Amuraji sees no similar investment as much of its development comes from freemen and fontiersmen who have begun to lay claims to various plots of unclaimed land looking to tame it in a new life in the region. With Amuraji and some of the other smaller towns having developed in size and population the immediate market exists and these frontiersmen have very willing consumers of foodstuffs they can bring to the table. The Great Azuma Islands fleet is completed and the replacement fleet is sent relieving the dated ships currently in service there. The political drama at home seems to calm down as all sides settle into their roles. While a precarious relationship exists between the Generals, the Admirals, the Aristocrats and Daimyo even the Zaibatsu, the need to govern the country well seems to win out as all of these sides within the new political landscape begin to work together very clearly. Laws carefully balanced to prevent any one group from gaining to much through a law, The Emperors quiet but watchful leadership and interventionist skills, the Military's ease at fighting bandits and pirates. It seems to be working for the time being, and with all sides unwilling to commit to any serious action a series of precents begin to be set legally and procedurally which now after the last few years truly has started to form a more stable government less concerned with old feudal greivances and more concerned with maintaining and expanding their many ventures abroad.
  • The Spanish Empire: Juan seeing the blow done to stability in Spanish Morocco begins the ordering of 14,000 men to be brought down to the land from Melilla and Tangiers. Juan by the order of the Tangiers Decree and the backing of the Moriscos Representatives within the Assembly Legislature and Municipal leadership, agree to the banishing of all non-Catholic Moors within our territory. Therefore the rebels are considered trespassers and traitors, to the addition of being treason-filled heathens. The Spanish Army at the arrival in Ceuta quickly swarm them using cannons to blow down the doors and wipe out defenders in the city. Cavalry is used as well to add to shock and quick charge against the enemy. By gun and sword, the enemy would be annihilated with the military supporting the removal of non-Catholic moors from the land. A call for an inquisition is dispatched to the Papacy to enforce the Catholic Faith within Spanish Morocco moving forward although in Spain proper they are welcomed. The goal in mind of course is religious uniformity.
  • Principality of Wales: As Edmund of York, second son of King Richard of England, ascends to the throne of Wales, he understands that there is much work ahead to consolidate his new realm. In line with his father's decision to disinherit him from the throne of England, which he finds proper, since his chances of succession aren't that high anyway and additionally this act would ensure that he and his offsprings would have a Kingdom of their own, no matter how small or insignificant it would seem compared to England, it would still their very own realm which they would be able to feel proud of. Therefore Prince Edmund of Wales follows his father's acts by disinheriting his older brother, Edward of York, from succession in the  Principality of Wales, as well as passing the "Separation of the Realms Act" in the Welsh Parliament in Cardiff, which makes it impossible for the ruler of Wales to simultaneously be the King/Ruler of England, disinheriting the reigning ruler of England from inheriting the throne of Wales, the only way for the English Monarch to inherit Wales would be to abdicate as the King of England and vice versa. This is done with the intention of keeping the two realms separate, never to be binded in a personal union for time immemorial. Furthermore to additionally endear himself to his Welsh subjects and the independent minded Welsh blooded nobility, dominant in the Pura Walia region of his realm, he passes the "Elevation of the Realm from a Principality to a Kingdom Act" in the Welsh Parliament in Cardiff, declaring Wales as an independent Kingdom and himself as its King. He then proceeds to bless the betrothal between his daughter, that his wife, Constance von Lenzburg gave birth to a year ago, Catherine of House Wales-York and the nine-year-old Myrddin (Merlin) ap Cadfael (Bruce), son of Cadfael ap Alisdair (Bruce), grandson of Alisdair ap William (Bruce), current Duke of Gwynedd, to solidify his reign over Wales and also cement the ties between the Kingdoms of Wales, Scotland and England in marriage. The betrothal is intended as a conciliatory ceremony so it takes place in Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, King Edmund notices the severe damage that was done to the church during the Welsh War of Independence [1400-1404], during the Welsh succession crisis [1426-1427] and additionally during the War of the Roses [1447-1459] that plighted our great realm. He is saddened by the state of the Llandaff Cathedral, so he decides to fund the restoration of that Cathedral to its former glory, as one of his very first acts, to signify that a new chapter has began for his realm, a great one. He takes He hopes that all these reforms would enable his realm to set aside its divide over Yorkist and Lancasterian supporters, consolidating and strengthening it to never again be torn apart by such a divide. Furthermore all the estates of the fugitive Tudors inside the Kingdom of Wales are revoked since they are banded as traitors to the realm for their active participation in the War of the Roses on the losing Lancasterian side, against their rightful overlord, Prince Maredudd ab Owain Glyndŵr of Wales, spilling over the War of the Roses into our beloved realm by causing a civil war in support of the vile Lancasters. The former Tudorian Estates are consequently split between King Edmund of Wales, essentially rendering them as parts of the royal domain, and his loyal vassals, Duke Alisdair ap William (Bruce) of Gwynedd and his firstborn son and heir, Cadfael ap Alisdair (Bruce).
  • Roman Empire: Having discovered that much of the Aegean has fallen to Hafasid Pirates, an expedition is launched to drive them from the region. 180 ships supporting 5,000 marines attack pirate outposts in the Cyclades and secure the islands for the empire. Basileus Gregorios decides to personally accompany the expedition, travelling in the Imperator, a very large galea caravela with heightened fore and aft castles for better defense of his imperial highness. Being significantly taller and more noticeable than most galeas caravelas, caraveles, and galleys, the ship sparks a trend in ship building that favors taller fore and aft castles as an indication of wealth, status, and prestige. The expense of putting together this fleet weighs on the depleted treasury, but with Basileus Gregorios away in the Cyclades the administration can function without constant demands of the treasury for new weapons or equipment for the army. Without his constant spending the treasury stabilizes this year and loans do not have to be taken. Furthermore, economic output continues to recover from the wars, and with the rapid introduction of seed drills across Asia Minor productivity grows rapidly. With farmers finding that they no longer need to hire as many laborers during planting many subsistence farmers who work plant other’s fields part time are forced into poverty and unemployment. This social and economic development leads to rapid displacement of small farmers who often form small communities in less developed areas, subsisting on marginal lands that had been abandoned during the arrival of the Turks and the Black Death. Unrest and re-urbanization are other results as some small-scale farmers are forced into the cities where they make demands on local administrators. Many are employed by local governments in construction in Asia Minor, or establish new settlements throughout the empire in colonies. Gregorios endorses the ancient Greek practice of sending out new colonies and Asia minor becomes a major destination. Other colonists set sail for Taurica or the Empire’s vassal Dobruja where Aegyssus (Tulcea) has become a major thriving port city where Romanian and Greek cultures blend. Varna develops a significant Greek community that lives in relative harmony with the Bulgarian population there as they often contribute to society as teachers and educators. In fact so many rheticians have been trained in Constantinople that these teachers have grown exceptionally common throughout much of the Eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea basins. In the capital, overcrowding becomes an issue for the same reason as the colonies. People within the city are often crammed into small homes not designed for such numbers. These displaced persons are offered tracts of land to resettle in Asia Minor where much land is still owned by the Roman Empire or by its direct vassals. Five years remain on construction of the Great Library.
    • Despotates of Cappadocia and Lycaonia: Nearly integrated, Lycaonia retains only nominal independence at this point. The influx of Greek colonists from the Empire proper help solidify its position as an integral territory and at the end of this year it will transition officially to a Theme within the empire. In Cappadocia the Tagaris Dynasty continues to crack down on the Muslim lower nobility, seizing remote holdouts when possible and distributing land to Christian families to enpower their supporters. Construction of fortifications around Caesarea continues.

1466

Habemus Papam! Cardinal Juan de Torquemada is elected the new Pope, taking on the Papal name Pope Leo XI. This uses an unusual numbering of Pope Leo, in respect for his opinion on Antipope Leo X who was shared his Basque heritage. His nephew, Tomas, becomes a leading figure in the ongoing inquisition.

A revolt occurs in the region of Liege within the Kingdom of Lotharingia, as the local population demands the power of the Archbishop of Liege should be restored after it was revoked by Emperor Vincent. This revolt currently has 3,000 supporters.

The Order of Aviz in Portugal is greatly suspicious of the Queen's regent coming from the recently-deposed House of Algarve. They publish claims that he is becoming a corrupting influence over the queen's decisions.

The League of the Public Weal becomes very strong across much of France, with such members including the rulers of Berry, Brittany, Orleans, and Bourbon. They reach out an alliance with Lotharingia for foreign support. The Duke of Berry offers the new Pope to overturn the Edict of Reims and enforce the inquisition on the Hussite communities in eastern France.

At this point, silk-weaving is first introduced into Western Europe, with guilds producing this product first appear in the cities of Lyon and Beziers.

The first Hussite-authorized translations of the Bible are distrobuted in the Franconian language, using Guttenberg's printing press.

Eleanor Talbot has a second son by Prince Henry of England, who is named Richard.

Isotta Nogarola publishes numberous works on Italian Humanism. However, her works are largely overlooked or critcized by her peers, saying that a woman doesn't have a place in this intellectual field.

Donatello completes his iconic bronze sculture of David.

  • Empire of Ethiopia: As more firearms arrive in Ethiopia courtesy of Prince Amda Seyon’s contacts with the Roman Pontiff, so, too, does knowledge that Adalfredo Meccia, the famed explorer of Africa and India, has unfortunately passed away. Being well known throughout the Empire, Meccia’s death causes great sorrow and grief for many, including his students at the University of Barari. Meccia’s exploration gathered Ethiopia much intelligence on the natural world and its neighbors, including the discovery of the Congo River. The Emperor declares the date of Meccia’s death a day of mourning, and orders a Greco-Roman statue of him constructed and placed in the University of Barari. With weapons from Europe, Prince Amda Seyon continues drilling his new standing army with firearms, slowly instilling in them the ability to deploy, fire and reload in quick succession. Additionally, Amda Seyon works to reform the rest of the Chewa forces, working to standardize the army and its equipment. Expecting to recruit at most 15,000 Chewa warriors at a time, the Prince begins to order the construction of armor and heavy weapons, including chainmail, helmets, halberds, swords and shields. The Prince envisions the Ethiopian army consisting of a corps of arquebusiers and heavy Chewa infantry, supplemented by feudal levies in the form of light infantry and heavy noble cavalry. The Chewa are thus developed into a heavy infantry fighting force, being trained to engage in fierce melee combat. The Prince also has his first son with the Princess Borgia, whom they name Adalfredo in honor of Adalfredo Meccia. 
  • Kingdom of Portugal: After hearing about the order of Aviz disliking of the current regent, the regency council decides to appoint the queens mother as regent in his place. Although the queen is only five years old she holds a speech in response to this which shows her towering intellect." My former regent was not as the order of Aviz claim from the house of Algarve, he was from an Italian noble house. Now I might not be queen yet, but when I'm queen only the pope will be allowed to influence me. The queen and her best friend Amalia De vitori travels to Rome to meet with the pope. (PAPAL RESPONSE NEEDED). Amalia is scared that the pope will not allow her to visit as she is a simple commoner but the queen tells her that as long as you're with me, he won't. In response to the Spanish banning all moors from Morocco the queen voices her concern over that it might lead to mass rebelions all over Spanish Morocco but overall the Portuguese concern is neutrality. In Gordes, the preparation for the 100th celebration of being part of Portugal is being prepared with the local people now being mostly Portuguese.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Leo XI welcomes the young queen and her friend in Rome. Her uncle, Lord Albert VI of Habsburg offer his palace in Poggio Miterto to his niece and her friend stay while they visit the Papal States.
  • Mali Empire: In Mali, the Mansa Khalil abdicates from power in favor of his nephew, who is then crowned as Mansa Uli II. Khalil decides he wants to spend the rest of his life in contemplation in aesthetic life, along with his beloved wife Moomtaz Zuhur. Mansa Uli is far more pragmatic than the previous rulers of Mali, and fully reforms all the issues in the government caused by the reigns of Simba and Khalil. He disbands the restrictive moral laws of Simba, while not condemning the, but relaxing their enforcement considerably. He also abolishes the sexist laws of Khalil completely, and revokes most acts made during that reign entirely. He also pushes through reforms to improve the quality of the military, as well as the infrastructure of the roads and depots used to enforce control in the Sahel and Nigeria. He further improves the navy and dockyards in both Dakar and Samla, upgrading the naval academy of Simba I to create a more formidible naval power. He uses this navy to strengthen control over the Gorgades Islands, as well as the vital routes leading toward Zayiyr.
    • Kingdom of Zayiyr: Omar Shajah continues to solidify his control on Zayiyr, expanding the outposts and defenses of the kingdom with support of the newly-reformed military. He also institutes mining and farming guilds, similar as they have in Mali, run by Kongolese people. The official religion of the kingdom is declared to be Yunni Islam, and to that end Omar institutes new Mosques as well as institutions on Sharia Law. This is not immediately forced on the natives, however, and instead gradual missions of Islam to the local pagan population are supported. Intermarriage between Mande and Kongolese people are also supported with tax benefits. Not wanting to engage in any direct conflict with the Lotharingian trading companies, Omar offers to cede the islands off the coast of Zayiyr to the Franconians in exchange for granting him annual money and engineers to help improve his nation, with some gunpowder technology. (KWAC RESPONSE).
  • Papal States: With the end of the Conclave, Cardinal Juan of Torquemada is elected as the new and chooses the papal name of Leo XI. He is crowned with the papal tiara in a ceremony in Saint Peter's Basilica, thus starting his pontificate. The name Leo XI causes estrangement on the part of the cardinals, due to Leo X being an antipope. However, Leo X returned to the Catholic Church when he accepted the position of sui iuris church, becoming it first patriarch. He was even canonized as Saint Federico Goikoetxea, so the estrangement soon ends. With a new pope, comes the changes in the Curia. Cardinal Francesco Della Rovere continues with the position of Secretary, Cardinal Antonio Fatati becomes the General Comissary of the Church, Cardinal Berardo Eroli assumes the position of head of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers, Cardinal Domenico Capranica continues as the head of the Institute for Works of Charity, Cardinal John III Peckenschlager becomes the new prefect of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, Cardinal Enea Silvio Piccolomini continues as the head of the Pontifical Roman Press and Bartolomeo Roverella continues as the Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. With the Taborites publishing unauthorized Bibles, the pope decides that is time to become agressive. Pope Leo XI creates the Leonine Index, a list of books considered heretical and contrary to morality. There are placed all the works made by Taborites and Radical Lollards, including this new Bible. Copies of this list are sent to all the Inquisitions across Europe, with orders saying that anyone found with one of these books without a good explanation will be declared heretic and can be imprisoned by the Inquisition. The pope also allows the Inquisiton to investigate and close the printing presses used by Taborites to spread their heresy. To fight these dammed Taborites, the pontiff writes to the Hussite Patriarch of Bohemia proposing the publication of a Callixtine-Catholic Bible that will be approved by the Holy See with a special seal [MOD response needed, please]. Seeing the situation in France, Pope Leo XI shows his total support to the League of the Public Weal. In a letter to the League, the pontiff says that the House of Capet showed many times his affinity with heresy and there isn't nothing more fair and correct than nobles fighting against the oppression of a king who turns out to be a great heretic. He gives the Duke of Berry all power to enforce the Inquisition against these satanic heretics and to end this "scandal" that is the Edict of Reims. [MOD response needed, please]. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues this year. While the new palace is being build, the pope and Curia are living at Santa Maria Sopra Minerva. The tomb of Gregory XIII by Antonio Rossellino is finished and the deceased pontiff is moved to the new tomb in Saint Peter's Basilica. Rosselino starts to work in the tomb of Pope Leo XI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino continues to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope, this year he finishes the scupture of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary and starts the one of Pope Saint Gregory XI. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. The request of the King of España is accepted by Pope Leo XI and the Inquisition is formed in the lands of the Spanish Empire. The pontiff appoints Thomás of Torquemada (his nephew) as the Grand Inquisitor of Spain. Hearing about Isotta Nogarola, the pope asks her to visit Rome and show him and the Roman Curia her works. [MOD response needed, please]. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. Johann Burchard arrives in Rome and start his classes of Canon Law in Saint Augustine's University. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Jorge da Costa (Portugal) and Louis of Bourbon (Liegè).
    • Republic of Ancona: The election of Pope Leo XI is celebrated by the people of Ancona. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships. With the pope showing his support to the League of the Public Weal. The Elders of Ancona offer 2,500 mercenaries to the League if they need to enter a conflict against the heretic king. [MOD response needed, please].
    • The Hussite patriarch agrees to mark only approved German Bibles with the Holy Seal.
    • The French nobles enforces the inquisition in their lands, in defiance of the King.
    • Isotta comes to Rome. However, many legates in Rome suggest her writings are not worth the Pope's time.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Census: 6,204,000/Levy: 46,530/Reserves: 2,530 Following the loss of the Prey Nokor to Dai Viet, Rama Trailokanat has seen fit to mobilize his remaining reserves to supplement his forces in the region with 4,000 men bolstering the army under Tun Perak up to 10,054 men who are given orders to march on the city of Prey Nokor and utilize their arsenal of gunpowder weapons and cetbangs to bombard the city defenses with the Ayutthayan Navy moving to blockade the harbor with 15 djongs and 40 various smaller naval vessels (Algo Needed, note: 10,054 men on Ayutthaya's side). The troops under Hang Tuah are given orders to pursue the remainder of Dai Viet's army utilizing cavalry to harass them and their supplies as well as destroy routes of escape for the enemy (Algo Needed, note: 8,196 men on Ayutthaya's side). In Burma, an offensive is organized to crush the remaining Ava forces with the Confederation of Shan States agreeing to enter the war contributing 1,200 men to the Toungoo-Ayutthaya forces present in the region increasing local forces to 6,820 men who are given orders to pursue the enemy force and crush them (Algo Needed, note: 6,820 men total). The Penghulu Bendahari continues to use state funds carefully in order to conserve resources for the war effort with the funds available for spending being used on infrastructure. The Temmenggung continues to police and maintain surveillance over Ayutthaya's regions to keep the people in line and prevent chaos and anarchy from emerging while the attention of the Kingdom remains on the war with Dai Viet and Ava. Despite the insistence of court advisors and their ministries, Dhammazedi has chosen to travel under guard through Ayutthaya to help those affected by the war as well as to earn converts to Buddhism. Rama Trailokanat has seen fit to travel through the city of Ayutthaya every so often to see the situation that affects his people because of this war and to converse with them.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Casimir IV has raised some men, and carefully constructed more cities and upgraded them' they sent up to mobilize the cities and supplmenting yet they discuss about the development and gain more possibly new university is being constructed and built also count with scholar, they grain him for more money also they establish a province in the central they sent soldiers and establish a village from an agreement with the Duke's Casimir IV positions rightless they created an outpost trade overall in the sea in the Baltic to gain more productions and what is need they constructed a port on the coast' and a city and evoluted into a city and the next to a village which they affect them the social progress they launch an expedition from trade and colony on the coast' and give order to construct more and boost it for money which Casimir IV was right in the ongoing of the discusion this week and they utlizing the royal guard for securing the territorial and gain a fortress to establish nearly, point some populations being to upgrade and are gived to participate in this stage whoever the Poles are currently purchasing the boats and construct them for the trades and focus to send supplies and make a town' in Vilnius is been some month that the cathedral is in progress and is, continue to raiseup and is being to modernizing. However, Casimir IV dislike some conditions of the development they has chosen to through the expeditions to gain security but whoever is has already discussed it, the farmer continue to agriculturing and being paid they had chosen to be hired for the development's local the people are improving some little details Elizabeth of Austria has fully to not agree is because too much progress but she respected the right of Casimir's in her regardless accord. Anyway, they construct more ships counted as 12 and 2+ which means 14 ships to settle here, they follow the guide of the Baltic's style and whoever they purchase more ships and continue remaining the forces Lithuanians to grow up the power as this point, Casimir IV continue to states carefully the development and more modernizing a high office is established in the province for the trades and had interest discussion to gain a route commerce with the European merchants in there.
  • Iceland: Young Ársæll Sturlungur was in his cabin when a beautiful girl came in soaking wet, he invited her in and the two spent the night and the girl got pregnant. The girl was the wife of the Prince of Jan Mayen and demanded that Ársæll be executed, Ársæll's father Róbert, Count of Raufarhöfn sent Ársæll away with 50 soldiers, he sailed for Vinland eventually requesting residence there. (Vinlandic response needed). Meanwhile, the King sends a letter to the Lotharii monarch requesting that Ari VIII gets to learn exploration in Lotharingia. (Lotharii Response needed).
    • Mod response: Atli, this isn't possible. First, the women would've died, second of all maybe why did the women get soaking wet and roam Vinland, and how did any of these people know, Vinland is remote closely to China for Europeans. -vinnymod
  • Vinland: The population grows ever so slightly this year to 2,850, mostly from the mixed population. The Beothuk and Norse population stagnate and thus become a smaller share of the total population. To be precise: 1,175 Beothuk people, 1,025 mixed race, and 650 Norse. The Norse population in particular experiences a net decline in general, except for in Elufsker where it grows. Elufsker has a population of 49 and mostly a collection of nomadic family bands who have decided to become relatively sedentary. Elufsker is ruled by a Norseman named Erik Hrothgarsson. Dogajavick has a population of 115 and is similarly composed of family tribes loosely organized under a village chief. They are primarily farmers of turnips and carrots. The shipment of foodstuffs from the foreign Norse from across the sea stave off starvation for many Elufskeranders during the winter. Most of the island’s population is scattered among smaller nomadic groups who mostly hunt, gather, and fish. Norse nomads typically stay in the northern and western coastal reaches while the Beothuk remain in the interior. Only in the two biggest settlements is there very limited metallurgy. Elsewhere, the technology is not present. In Dogajavick, a boy is born from a Beothuk mother a quadroon chieftain father named Hjalfar (one-quarter Beothuk/Norse). The boy is named Herleif. In the late fall, a band of Beothuk hunters encroaches upon Norse hunting grounds and is viciously driven off, resulting in one death. A retaliation results in the maiming of a Norse hunter.
  • Latin Empire of Romania: The first non-government corporate bond is issued by a new silk weaving business seeking to raise money to start its operations, a sign of the increasing complexity of the Romanian economy. The official census of repatriated Orthodox individuals shows a total count of 60,000 returned people, raising the official population to 920,000 and providing a significant increase in the labor pool, as the Orthodox population had always made up a large portion of the working class. Reconstruction continues, and records show the number of businesses in Athens has doubled since the last year. Meanwhile, the two exploration ships bought from Iceland are sent on a cartography mission down the northern coast of Africa to the Mali Empire, to create accurate maps for future Romanian expeditions. Military spending remains depressed once again as the nation focuses the majority of its political and economic capital on rebuilding the destroyed economy.
    • [ALGO REQUEST]: In accordance with the newly signed Venetian-Romanian Treaty of Co-operation, a joint Venetian and Romanian anti-piracy fleet of 35 ships begins sweeping the Aegean Sea of pirates, systematically destroying their supply posts and installing garrisons on former pirate islands, as well as a series of naval bases manned by Venetian soldiers.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: In an attempt to fix relations with Albania and Serbia, Emperor Julius makes the unpopular decision of sending envoys to the two northern neighbors to reestablish diplomatic relations and trade agreements. The same is done for the newly independent nations of Epirus and Achaea. All four nations are offered five-year tariff-free trade agreements as well as free movement of people and goods.
      • Epirus and Achaea accept the agreement, Albania and Serbia establishes diplomatic relations only.
      • This is a bit high of a population -Solmod
  • Kingdom of Arles: The King is Dead! Long Live the King! Robert II dies, probably due to prostate cancer. The shock of losing his wife may have also hastened his death. Lucas I ascends the throne. Robert II is buried alongside Guôný, as it is his wish. Lucas I's first decision is to take advantage of the rich amount of vineyards in Asti, using them to make red wine and boosting the economy. We send an ultimatum to Noli, demanding that they become our vassal. (MOD RESPONSE). Naval Fortifications are built in Marseilles, and more ships are built. In Western Sahara, a church is built to allow inhabitants to worship God even in Africa. We declare our support to The League of the Public Wheel, ensuring that we will support them.
    • Pisa: King Philippe Lowen sails to Arles to have a meeting with Lucas I. The economy is improved and new ships are built.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": After hearing of the revolt in liege, recognising that the Catholic church has lost much of her power and prestige offer to negotiate with the rebels. Godfried offering to restore all religious power in Liege and Namur back to the Archbishop of Liege, Godfried inviting the rebel leaders to Malines. (Mod Response). Godfried accepting compromise as he admits to having unintentionally declined clerical power a bit as he didn't reinstate the Archduke of Liege, the power being lost under the Liege rebellion. Meanwhile, in Antwerp, heir to the throne Jan Lennerd Regnier, Duke of Holland, embarks a ship to Spain as to prepare for his marriage with Katherine of Barcelona Leon. This would mean a reconsiliation between the Imperio Español and the Königreich Lotharingen, this being after a long mercantile and naval rivalry. The reconsilation coming after the Kingdom of France and king William ended the Franco-Brabantine alliance, as Godfried saw the need for new allies and friends such as Hesse. John Leonard buying a lot of gifts and material for his wedding in Spain, these include dresses, gold statues, jewelry and even some technology. While in his palace in Heyst King Godfried invites the leaders of "The League of the Public Weal" (ligue de la santé publique) as he sees their cause as rightious and just, as the French king has been shown to be untrustworthy. (Mod Response). The league wanting France to be once more decentralised and following the true Catholic faith, the Catholic faith still being the majority church of France and Lotharingia. While in Italy the Azienda du Blu gets a crate of bananas from the Order of Bari and their supplies brought to them after fleeing their land. Thus the Azienda du Blu brings them to the Rote hand Company merchants in Morocco, as the fruit is grown in the rif region of Spanish Morocco. The Company wanting to know if they can be grown in their African provinces, as the KWAC now receives Slave labour from the Oyo empire. This labour coming from the Oyo-Franconian compact as the Lotharingian agree to supply guns and knowledge in return for POW. While in Congo Hendrick Wever accepts King Omar's offer for a piece of land on the Congo River bank in return for recognising him as king and giving them money and Franconian goods. (Congo Response). On Yele Island and Hoekbaai, rapid investment begins into infrastruction and industry. Thus, Hendrick Wever asks the King of Jabal Asada if there is a possibility to lease the Sherbo Islands for a period of 25 years with the chance of renewal. (Mod response). The KWAC rapidly expanding in her colonial holdings such as Etula, which is unofficially named Etulaat by the Franconians, which is a Franconisation of the name of the island. Although the Spanish settlers and merchants do have a significant impact on language, law and culture of the Franconian and native population of the island.
    • The League of the Public Weal accepts the alliance
    • Mod Response: Seeing as how the islands are not really used, the lease is accepted.
  • Dai Viet: With heavy casulties to the front in Chiang Hung, 1,000 more troops are raised from the Lan Xang army to the Chiang Hung front as a desperate effort to entrench and try to defend Chiang Hung, using guerrilla warfare. (Total: 5,000, Algo). Meanwhile, General Nguyen Duc Chung has been analyzing the region and ultimately decides a branch of the Mekong River (OTL Soài Rạp River, arable landscape) shall be the main battlefield. After secretly deploying troops and vessels in craggy and dangerous positions, a small front is sent to provoke and lure the enemy forces into the ambush of Vietnamese forces deployed at the two river banks. As soon as they enter, the order to attack is declared loudly; at the beginning of the battle, two front of the Vietnamese marines shall suddenly rushed out and intercepted both ends, and gathered the enemy into the prepared siege. Simultaneously, cannons and artillery are harshly fired into the middle of the enemy's convoy at the time were being pushed back. At the same time, the Vietnamese convoy from from branches of the river, quickly entered to stop and attack the beginning of the enemy vessels. Another front, rushed to strike hard on the middle (in order to split the army) and intercept the retreat, cornering the enemy's convoy into a dilemma. At the same time, the Vietnamese army shall send light boats full of flammable materials to crash into the turbulent warships, burning the enemy vessels. The troops and marines coordinated with each other, tightening the encirclement, and shall destroy enemy troops one after another. Under the command of Nguyen Duc Chung, the Vietnamese troops embarked on a fierce battle. (Savage leader) (total: 8173, Algo)
  • Swiss Confederacy: The Swiss bishops and the Central Council are pleased that the French nobles of the League of the Public Weal are allowing the Inquisition to operate in their territories; hence, the Central Council continues giving financial support to the League. As the League's leader the Duke of Berry is Francis Capet (b. 1418), the brother of King Henry II of France, an increasing number of Swiss nobles start to want to see Henry II replaced by his brother as King. Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg visits the coronation of the new King Lucas of Arles, is pleased that he is supporting the League of the Public Weal and asks the King if he will allow the Inquisition to operate in Arles as well. (Arles response) The Central Council pays close attention to the diplomatic situation in England as Wales declares itself a Kingdom, though they do not comment publicly about these events yet. The Central Council also continues paying attention to the tensions between Ireland and Scotland in tentative support of Scotland, though this situation appears to have calmed somewhat. The University of Basel continues to print pamphlets in support of the Inquisition, under the guidance of Bishop of Augsburg Jodok Seitz who has the position Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy. Domestically, the government works on recruiting peasants to be soldiers in the joint military of the Confederacy. The current soldiers of the joint military focus on improving the walls and other fortifications of the important military bases of Rapperswil Castle in the Canton of Toggenburg and Neuchâtel Castle in the Canton of Neuchâtel. Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg proposes to arrange a marriage between Francis Capet, Duke of Berry (b. 1418) and Margaret of Bourbon (b. 1438, OTL married someone who does not exist in MdM), sister of fellow League of the Public Weal noble John II, Duke of Bourbon. (Mod response). Bishop of Lausanne Guillaume de Varax dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Jean Michel. Later in the year, Bishop of Constance Burkhard von Randegg dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Hermann von Breitenladenburg.
    • Marriage accepted.
  • Kingdom of Wales: King Edmund's brother, Henry of York, most certainly isn't very pleased hearing the news that he has been disinherited from succession in the Kingdom of Wales, nonetheless regardless of their differences they maintain contact, after all they both share the same blood, a sacred value to behold. The city of Cardiff, our capital's defenses are considered insufficient, as such King Edmund invests into various kinds of fortifications, such as further strengthening, expanding and elevating the walls of the city, the construction of a moat to protect it from land, as well as the construction of a small but durable star fortress, equiped with a range of heavy and light cannons to protect the city by sea, as well as the expansion, heightening and further reinforcement of the structural integrity of the existing citadel in the city, in anticipation of future conflicts, especially with the Lancaster and Tudor claimants on the loose, sheltered by the vicious High King Eadbhard of Ireland. The recently rediscovery of the "Vinlandic" people, close to Greenland, has captivated King Edmund's interest, who was always intrigued as a child by the fascinating tales of the adventures of earlier explorers, such as the story of Earl Henry I Sinclair of Orkney, who fought against the peculiar native people there before dying in "Arnarsey", descibed as a cold and remorseful place in the Scottish authored book "Sinclair's Adventures". King Edmund always pondered what could possibly be this man's motive, driving him to the far edges of the world and die alone in an awful place like this, there must have been a reason behind this. While most scholars used to discredit Sinclair's claims of a vast and fertile land beyond Greenland as the ramblings of a madman. It certainly didn't aid his cause that all of his claims were based on a second hand account from Icelandic and Greenlandic re-collections of folk tales known as sagas, more specifically the Saga of Erik the Red and the Saga of the Greenlanders, Sinclair himself never actually saw these lands for himself, but he never stopped believing in that vision until his excruciating demise at the hands of the savage natives. After his first journey forced him to return to Greenland to recover from his illness, he kept obsessing over the fact that he believed he was identifying multiple indications that there was something more in there, hidden from the world at large. These people obviously had to come from somewhere, after all the same pattern took place to Europe in much earlier times, people don't just pop up out of nowhere, Sinclair's hypothesis was that a far more fertile area would be needed to supply these islands with these native people that he encountered, perhaps the continents of Asia or Africa lay beyond these islands he encountered or perhaps something entirely new. In any case the scientific community never paid any attention to his claims, but now with the renewed reports of a fertile land beyond Greenland, a very distant realm referred to as "Vinland", scholars begin to reassess the works of Henry Sinclair, their interest in that topic has been revitalized. King Edmund always found this a very inspiring and intriguing story as a youth. This served as the catalyst that made King Edmund consider the poor state of his realm and especially the poor state of his almost non-existant navy. In these turbulent times, navies provide an invaluable edge over rivals realms, if Wales could reassert its naval superiority, then King Edmund wouldn't have to worry that much about the looming threat of the Lancasters and Tudor fugitives, that are sheltered by his rival, the High King of Eiru, crossing the Irish Sea with Irish support to invade his realm in the future in a sudden but anticipated act of aggression to recover their claims. Thus the construction of a capable navy is ordered, focusing on the construction of large and capable ships, sparing no expenses and utilizing the latest marvels of engineering, such as installing a few smaller broadside cannons as well as two heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern of his vessels in every new ship in his royal fleet, prefering to have a small but capable navy, prioritizing quality over quantity. The first two ships to be constructed would be two Caravel type vessels, durable enough to weather the unforgiving climate of our region, these Caravels would be ready in two years time from now. After all his new strategy is to pre-emptively obliterate his opponents at sea, depriving them of the ability to land onto his domain entirely. Furthermore at this time, King Edmund decides to adopt the customs of the vast majority of his subjects, the Welsh people, to integrate himself better with his realm and its people, going as far as to encourage the rest of the Anglo-Norman nobility to follow suit for the good of the realm, setting the example himself by raising both his children, his son Lionnel and his daughter Catherine, with Welsh customs and traditions, King Edmund himself being overtly eager to acclimate to his new realm, fascinated to learn the traditions and customs of his subjects. This is done in hopes of permanently reconciling the two similar yet starkly different parts of his realm, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility. Both had shed each other's blood multiple times in the past and it is finally time for this internal division to end, once and for all, for our realm to remain strong, independent and prosperous in perpetuity. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, now begins to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further amalgamate the realm, King Edmund even goes as far as to proclaim Saint Owain (Lawgoch) as the Patron Saint of the realm and the protector of the royal family of Wales. Duke Alisdair ap William (Bruce) of Gwynedd at his 69 years, passes away this year from life this year, his son Cadfael ap Alisdair (Bruce) succeeds his father as Duke of Gwynedd. The works for the restoration of the Llandaff Cathedral are underway, with King Edmund's generous donation leaving a substantial leftover of funds, which is therefore decided by the chief engineers in consultation with the King to use these extra funds to make the Cathedral even greater than it was before, investing these money in further solidifying and strengthening the foundations of the Cathedral as well as decorating it with all kinds of tapestries, sculptures and works of art, making it even grander than it was before, following in spirit as much as they can and eventually dedicating their work to the great artist Donatello when they learn the news of his deeply misfortunate passing from life. King Edmund takes an interest at Guttenberg's printing press, thrilled by that innovative marvel of engineering that provides the ability to mass produce any books, tomes, pamphlets etc, understanding how much of a powerful weapon it would be into a Monarch's hands, enable him to spread far and wide favourable accounts of himself, on top being an extremely commercially viable invention, as such he attempts to procure it from several sources, such as from his allied realms of England, Scotland, Burgundy, France, and if our efforts do not yield results, we also reach out to the Hussites, Hispania and the various states of Italy. (Mod Response).
    • The printing press arrives in Wales.
  • Roman Empire: WIth lycaonia integrated fully, the empire swells in size and population greatly. Economic turmoil overtakes the nation as displaced persons due to planting mechanization through the adoption of the seed drill causes upheaval and migration. Despite the uncertainty, the treasury begins to refill as the emperor remains at sea combating the Pirates. However, the mass movement of people continues unabated and with grain prices falling, food plentiful, and piracy preventing exports the excess goes toward a bumper crop of children this year. Perhaps it was the men returning from war or the motion of people, but overall the economy and society see interesting growth and change. This dynamism is no more apparent than the beating heart of the empire, Constantinople, which grows rapidly with the influx of people. Demand for basic necessities, luxuries, and exotic goods push even more into the merchant profession, and land-routes from Asia Minor become crowded with caravans pilled with wares from the interior. Great grain barges bring food and goods to the Capital from the ports of Asia Minor, Moldavia, Dobruja, and beyond. The mixing of ideas leads to a new burst of Anagennisi ideas in Constantinople, which is advanced by the mixing of disciplines in the Great Library. With four years left until completion the only remaining work is the finishing of the exterior and a few remaining stained-glass windows. Philosophy, Mathematics, Optics, and Biology all flourish in the city of the world.
    • [Algo, Please]: Basileus Gregorios I awaits a report on last year’s attack on the Cyclades Islands while leading an attack on Karpathos with 5,000 marines and 120 ships. The remaining 60 ships are spread across the area to combat piracy at sea and retain a hold on any islands that may have been captured last year.
    • [Mod Response, Please]: A group of colonists, backed by a merchant guild, petition the Prince of Moldavia to allow them to establish a city on the south bank of the Danapris (Dnieper) (Across from modern Kherson which does not exist at this time). With no major port city on the Danapris they argue Moldavia will be unable to maintain its grip on its western territories or on internal taxation of river trade.
      • Moldavia accepts this.
  • The Spanish Empire: As the battles against the Moroccans concludes, the conversion and expulsion of moors ramp up with Hispanic Moriscos inheriting lands and properties formerly owned by traitorous partisans. Katherine readies to marry her fiance Juan Leonardo de Lotharingia, a new partner amongst us. A trade deal is sent to Lotharingia offering exclusivity to our prized Merino Wool as the Crown holds a monopoly on the breed with harsh penalties given to those who wish to export them. King Juan is pleased with the new pope, a fellow Hispanic. The Nueva Zamora Colony expands farther up the shore while the natives who had humbly accepted our invitation begins to cultivate crops and intermingle amongst other settlers. Corsican Merchant Gonzalo Bonaparte ia appointed Municipal Administrator of the island which he further assists in the efforts of reconstruction following countless conflicts over the years which have left even the wealthy port cities in need of repairs. Inheritance laws are altered to ensure as amongst Spanish Tradition that future family members will bear the surnames of their fathers and mothers.

1467

After the withdrawal of Barbary pirates from the Aegean Sea, the former Duchy of the Archipeligo falls into chaos with both Venetian and Byzantine Navies sieizing various islands. Enrico Gonzalgo and the Byzantine fleet both arrive at Karpathos at the same time, and a similar dispute arrises in Naxos.

The English government is generally outraged at Wales cutting off all patrilineal ties with the rest of the House of York, and Prince Henry is generally in disbelief that his brother would make such a decision, but instead considers this the manipulation of the Welsh parliament. They further accuse Wales in letters to the Pope, saying that they appealed to the Radical Hussites to bring their printers into the region.

The rebels in Liege meet with the King of Lotharingia to make their demands, saying that the Bishop Jan van Heisburg should be elevated to the Archbishop, and be given control of his own armies and dominions in Liege that was revoked by Emperor Vincent. If these demands are met then they are satisfied.

The city of Noli does not submit as a vassal to Arles and appeals to the Duchy of Modena for protection, who raises a considerable number of troops.

In Denmark, the magnate noble Eric Thott raises considerable support, creating a political faction that seeks to depose the House of Bjelbo to restore a native Danish dynasty to power.

In Japan, a conflict breaks out where the Damiyo of Ouchi (spanning much of the southern Honshu peninsula) dies, and different political factions support different clans for his successor. The generals and aristocrats support one side and the admirals and damiyos support the other (vague to allow flexibility in the RP).

After spending a considerable amount of money in maintaining their troops, Burgundy withdraws 6,000 troops from Britain.

Sayyidih Muhammad deposes his father Hasan III as Sultan of the Maldives, while the former Sultan is on pilgrimage to Mecca.

The first Polyalphabetic cipher is invented by the Byzantine humanist scholar Leonidas Albertus.

  • Kingdom of Portugal: During the queen and Amalia's time in Rome, they visit several monuments of the Papal states. An incident occurs when Amalia suddenly got lost in Rome and it took over a day to find her. During this time the queen could not sleep due to her worrying about her friend. After this incident the queen and Amalia are inseparable with Amalia appearing at all events the queen attended. Eventually the queen conferred her the title of Melhor Amigo do Monarca which gives her access to meet with the queen whenever she wants.The portuguese people are happy about the queens best friend being a commoner. After their return to Portugal, the queen and Amalia went on a royal tour. Meanwhile, the royal council is happy about the queen having a friend as she was very depressed following the death of the late Peter IV. The colonies continue to grow as plans on linking Cape Bojar and Cape Gia with each other are drawn up.
  • Archbishopric of Mainz: Archbishop Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, which have promoted peace in Christendom. In his compacity as Archbishop of the Diocese of Mainz, he instructs the local priests of all the churches in the diocese that, to promote greater wisdom, understanding, and Christian self-improvement among the people, all the churches are to prove a thrice-weekly school to educate the children of the diocese in letters and arithmetic. Slate and chalk will be provided out of the tithe money collected for the upkeep of the Diocese of Mainz. As this may be burdensome to the priests, the Archbishop also reaches out to the monasteries of the diocese, such as Eberbach Abbey and Saint Alban's Abbey, requesting that they send monks out thrice weekly to teach in the new schools. This would be a service to the people, no different from providing for the poor in the Almery or the sick in the Hospice. Now they can also prove for the ignorant, from their abundance of knowledge. Archbishop von Isenburg also sends a message to the Pope, congratulating him on his efforts to bring unity and peace to the house of Christ, and for his wisdom in pursuing reforms that will better enable the people to serve God. The Archbishop requests that Pope Leo XI support his attempt to spread wisdom in his diocese, by instructing the monasteries to give him all their support. (Papal Response). The Archbishop commissions Johannes Gutenberg, a citizen of Mainz, to begin printing new copies of the great Christian writers (such as Augustine) and highly respected classical ones (such as Plutarch). This project will continue for some time. Finally, in his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, the Archbishop sends a message to Emperor Sigismund II, reaffirming his desire to see the king reign long and powerfully. The Archbishop is concerned that the Imperial Estates may not be being managed properly, to the Emperor’s best advantage. And even if they were, who would know? The administration is haphazard. The Chancellors send in their reports all throughout year, and do not all include the same information. For greater efficiency, and to increase the Emperor’s control over the lands under direct Imperial control, the Archchancellor proposes that all the Chancellors of the Imperial estates and Imperial Orders of Knights should send a full report to the Emperor’s Archchancellor every six months, detailing the enforcement of and reaction to the Emperor’s laws, the economic situation of the lands and people, any and all problems or major changes, and so forth. (MOD Response)
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Leo XI thanks Archbishop Diether von Isenburg for his gentle message and agrees in allowing the monasteries to give a good education to the people. He also requests that the Archbishop adopt the Association of Missionaries and Preachers and the Inquisition against the Taborites and Radical Lollards. These heretics are a plague that needs to be destroyed.
      • The Archbishop agrees completly, these radicals and heritics must be stamped out before they weaken the church and mislead others. Mainz will immediately adopt the Association of Missionaries and Preachers and the Inquisition.
    • Mod Response: The Emperor Sigismund II agrees with the Mainzian proposal, and thus will be ready to receive reports on all matters important to the Empire. 
  • Roman Empire: With the pirates driven from the Aegean, Basileus Gregorios returns to the capital. He is pleased to find a growing treasury benefiting from now reopened trade routes and expanded grain output. In an effort to secure his gains in Greece, influence over Thessaly is increased and Imperial funds are used to construct new, improved roads throughout the region. Lower Macedonia also receives these investments to connect the whole region to the capital. He orders that loyal colonies of displaced Greek farmers be strategically placed along the border with Serbia in defensible locations to prevent incursions by Slavs into the empire’s new lands in the region. Other colonies are established throughout the Black Sea basin, especially in Dobruja. Several particularly adventurous colonists set up villages south of the Danapris near the new city of Herodotopolis in Moldavia, but in territory technically held by the Golden Horde. These outposts are built largely along the Danapris as mercantile outposts and minor farming communities. The upheaval and migration seen in the last few years does not abait despite greater economic stability. Further adoption of seed drills continues to displace farmers and causes demand for land to skyrocket. Caria, Lycaonia, and other regions of Asia Minor receive thousands of Greek migrants looking for open land to farm. They are quick to find the estates of Turkish nobles, who are slow to adopt the seed drills, and begin infringing upon them. This infringement creates a series of brush-wars as Turkish nobles, Greek colonists, and local authorities all struggle to keep the others in check. Turkish nobles are strung up and murdered by mobs of Greek settlers, who are often opposed by local authorities that are worried about the possibility of an other Muslim revolt. In other cases, the nobles arm themselves and go on the offensive, but in the process find themselves on the wrong side of the law. Many of the authorities are personally supportive of the colonists and some actively arm them to carry out their extrajudicial land seizures. Others remember the Turkish revolt, and try to defend the Turkish nobles in the hopes of preventing another devastating revolt. The chaos does necessitate a system by which land claims can be adjudicated and recorded. Thus, by decree of the Basileus, an Office of Surveying and Deeds is established to create records of ownership for the major landowners of the empire. The office is also empowered to deputize local administrators into conducting similar functions in their local areas for smaller landowners. This has the effect of formalizing land ownership further within the Imperial legal and economic systems, and incentivises property improvement and development. Overall, the empire is in flux with great social, economic, and technological changes. For example, the polyalphabetic cipher is put to great use by the Empire’s spies in Attica in collecting information on the state of affairs in Athens.
    • [Mod Response Please]: Rather than fight the Venetians, Basileus Gregorios offers Enrico Gonzalgo a deal. If he allows the Cyclades and Karpathos to become Despotate Vassals under the Roman Empire rather than the Latins or Venetians themselves, he will afford Venice a substantial tax break throughout the Aegean in its entirety, including the coast of Asia Minor, Thessaly, and Lower Macedonia. He also offers to make Enrico Gonzalgo Despot of Naxos should he agree to Basileus’ Gregorios’ terms.
    • [Mod Response Please]: Basileus, having returned to Constantinople, orders a new census of the nation, specifically the newly integrated areas in Greece and Lycaonia.
      • Your population is now 3.4 million, having incorporated 400,000 total peoples. -Solmod
      • Venice defers the question of the Aegean Islands to their ally Romania
  • Kingdom of Arles: We mobilise our troops against Modena and Noli. 11,000 troops from Arles, Saluzzo and Asti regions move to the north Noli regions. This force is led by Sebastian Belli, an experienced commander honed in the wars against Genoa. Another 12,000 troops from Arles and Monaco regions form up on west Noli border. This force is led by Luio Artleo, Our extremely experienced though aging general. Lucas I arrives to inspect the troops. Our Admiral Marco Farmiras returns from Western Sahara and leads a combination of 1.0, 2.0 and 2.1 Carrackés and other smaller ships sail to the Genoan bay to patrol the seas there. The Ports in Nouvelle Digne are upgraded and the economy is improved.
    • Pisa: We mobilize 5,000 troops and move through Florence to Modena's southern border. This force is led by King Philippe Lowen himself as he is naturally a military man. A small section of the navy is sent to support the Arlean Navy. The ports are maintained and the economy is improved.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 2,995. A particularly harsh winter drives some 150 Beothuk and mixed folk into Dogajavick and out of the interior. Dogajavick swells to 275 people. Hjalfar and his family begin constructing a Norse temple to Thor in a move to consolidate power in Dogajavick. Similarly in Elufsker, Erik Hrothgarsson orders the chopping of trees in the vicinity in order to construct a shrine to Norse gods. Around this time, the mixed population are beginning to be referred to as “dyrfolk” by the Norse which means “animal people” in Norse due to the pelts which mixed people feature heavily but also to refer to the Norse perception of them as beastly. The mixed people themselves begin self-identifying as “tvafolk” which means “two-folk” in Norse and referencing their mixed ethnicity. However, as Beothuk is a major tongue amongst the mixed people, they are also called “wobeegeothuk” (White Head). A small settlement of tvafolk and Beothuk develops in the south (near OTL Saint Albans). It has no name as of yet but is composed of five families: three tvafolk and two Beothuk family bands. That summer, some of the men of these five clans set sail southward in search of new lands. They explore OTL Prince Edward Island, the coasts of Nova Scotia, and as far south as OTL Portland, Maine. Indigenous tribes (Mi’kmaq) are hostile to them and attack them if they get too close, so the party stays away from the beaches. Unfortunately, one of them, a tvafolk, is killed by a spear. The party returns to the settlement in Vinland with fish to last the year and stories of a land of tall trees, warmer weather, and savage peoples. On the island, a syncretic faith of Norse and Beothuk persuasions become dominant among nomads.
  • Mali Empire: After the chaotic eras of Simba and Kahlil, Mansa Uli worked at rebuilding and improving the infrastructure of Mali's frontiers. The regions of Agadez and the Sahel continue to renovate and upgrade their frontier outposts for the domination of the central western hemisphere of Africa, and charging light taxation on the trans-Saharan caravan trade going between Morocco and Egypt. With the modernization of the Dakar and Samla dockyards, Simba I's naval academy is complemented with a second naval academy in Waalo. This supports the expanding Malian fleet that patrols the vital sea routes in the Atlantic Ocean, as well as the supply routes that support the Gorgades Islands and now the Kingdom of Zayiyr. Along the coast, the armies of Mali in conjunction with the navy supports the defense of their borders with European port colonies, especially the Portuguese who are still considered a rival in Africa. Mansa Uli also was the first ruler of Mali to begin making a deliberate effort at improving the infrastructure of the more rural areas of the empire. He instituted laws that encouraged tribal cultures to either settle or at least identify with nearby cities and villages, and he relaxed policies on public education to be more adaptive to a diversity of ethnicities. A new generation of Yunni Islamic scholars from Timbuktu began to develop the next phase of the "African Reniassance".
    • Kingdom of Zayiyr: More houses are built along the Kongo River, and along the coast as far as the town of Luanda. The first Islamic-run education centers are established by Omar to gently convert the native African people to Islam. The military continues to be improved, but Omar still consistently downsizes it out of fear of a rebellion. Omar attempts to appeal to the Malian government to be granted more internal support, for which Mansa Uli helps to upgrade his naval and coastal defenses, but denies anything further. Seeking more direct support from outside the empire. Omar accepts the deal offered by the Franconian trading company. Further abroad, he sends expeditions of 200 men to explore the neighboring states in the same region, and offers both trade and diplomacy to them. [MOD RESPONSE].
      • The northern Kingdoms of Loango accept these trade and diplomacy offers, although the souther Kingdoms of Angola and Dongo, as well as the eastern Kingdom of Lunda, declining such offers, with many of the diplomats or merchants simply never coming back.
  • Papal States: News of the marriage of princess Katherine de Leon and John Leonard makes Pope Leo XI travel to the Spanish Empire were he co-celebrates the marriage. After the marriage the pontiff returns to the Papal States. Once back to Rome, Pope Leo XI continues to reinforce the Inquisition. He allows the Inquisitors to invade, close, confiscate and destroy printing presses controled by Taborites and radical Lollards. The owners of these presses will be imprisoned as heretics. On the other hand, the pontiff exhorts the Inquisition to be less violent when dealing with Jews converted to Catholicism. After receiving the appeals of the English government about the Taborites sending presses to Wales, Pope Leo XI send Inquisitors to Wales to investigate the situation of these presses. The Inquisitors ask a meeting with king Edmund to ascertain this situation. [Wales response needed, please]. Pope Leo XI continues to give his full support to the League of the Public Weal against the heretic king Henry II of France. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues this year. Antonio Rossellino finishes the tomb of Pope Leo XI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino continues to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope, this year he finishes the scupture of Pope Saint Gregory XI and starts the one of Bridget of Sweden. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. Pope Leo XI writes to the Principality of Finland asking their ruler to adopt the Association of Missionaries and Preachers and the Inquisition against Taborites and Radical Lollards. [MOD response needed, please]. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Going against some members of the Roman Curia, Pope Leo XI accepts the works of Isotta Nogarola and put it in the Sistine Library. Headmaster/Cardinal Ari Sturlungur orders the contruction of a large chapel annex to Saint Augustine's Library. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. In these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and other regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. Johann Burchard continue his classes of Canon Law in Saint Augustine's University. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. This year Joana de Borgia and Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta have a son named Alfons. Being the legitimate son of Sigismondo, Alfons becomes the heir to the Lordship of Rimini. This secure Joana position against Sigismondo's mistress, Isotta degli Atti. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Stefano Nardini (Modena), Alfonso Carillo de Acuna (Spanish Empire) and Philippe de Lévis (Arles).
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Kingdom of Wales Dip: King Edmund gladly accepts to have a meeting with the Inquisitors appointed by Pope Leo XI to discuss the outlandish claims of segment of the English nobility hostile to him, as a devout ruler he resorts to quote the Bible, specifically the book of John, chapter 8, verse 32, "If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples; and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.", having nothing at all to hide.
    • The Principality of Finland did not comply with the request
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: The outpost trades continue to produce more ships and settling there, some built ship are finally financed and hired for builder and being observing for it some weapons are being reformed and creating in agreement of Casimir IV's order to right to make it some an urban are is being modernized and built and more people came out the positions of Casimir IV would send some troops to gain more, regions and convert those people to Christianity to developing more productions. Anyway, he continues to learn Latin and Lithuanians in somewhat the Poles are finally positiong and raise more mens in the side of Poland, they are recovering some areas in some border and the cathedral is still in construction of its final developments and Elizabeth of Austria suggering to charity his order to support Casimir IV and the king of Poland but Elizabeth often relied on his instinct and feelings and had little political knowledge, from him legitimates they make a new law and is signed by the nobles of Lithuania and its his voidove some gallery are built in the trades and making a new ships place one of them is being constructed counted as ten plus with 2+ additionally according to Casimir IV continue to be reformed across the kingdom and the commonwealth on the side of Poland Casimir IV developing the country and upgraded the city and reformed it, Casimir IV is finally continue to upgrade Poland more and more the Polish ships are being upgraded and the army is being mobilized and being hired so they upon raise more men in the state and offer to gain money to continue more progress and new content in there, even same with Lithuania they upgrade some steam stuff and upgraded them the border is finally constructed that took some week and even the fortress' in the position they set up an expansion colony to gain villages and control in a discusion of Casimir and the Queen Elizabeth of Austria most of ships are being ready and built so they boost again and gain more support and Casimir IV's did some little improvement for the policty and political discussion.
  • Iceland: Hið Íslenska Verslunarfyrirtæki is founded with Icelandic commerce ships, Jónatan Geirsson becomes its first captain. The King decides to commission a map of known Islandika. We request that the Hanseatic League builds a Hansa district in Reykjavik. (Hanseatic response).
  • Kingdom of Scotland: The withdrawal of the Burgundian troops is met with sadness, as they were great friends of Scotland and very helpful to our cause. However, we are aware that this was inevitable, and besides those who went native previously who are a relatively small number and won’t be joining Scottish forces in battle, they all leave. As a result, we slightly push back our plans for the invasion of Ireland, due to the absence of these forces. We also state our support for the measures approved by King Edmund of Wales, and ask our friend Richard to do the same. We state that we merely view this as an extension of the previously agreed upon renunciation of Edmund's claim to the English throne and a way of ensuring welsh independence, but we state that unlike before, not doing so won’t threaten our alliance, we just believe that this is what’s ideal for all parties. (Secret) We also send a diplomatic envoy to the court of The Örebro union. On the surface this is to negotiate trade changes relative to the newly discovered lands, but in reality it is an excuse to inquire about the possibility of purchasing the services of mercenaries from them in the near future, for the invasion of Ireland. (SCANDANAVIA RESPONSE NEEDED) (SECRET END).
  • Savoy: Peter IV of Savoy sends ambassadors to Arles, the Swiss Confederacy, Spain, France and the Papacy. Amadeus seeks diplomatic security for his Duchy due to the uncertain stability of the Holy Roman Empire. In the Swiss Confederacy, due to blood relations to the esteemed Count Eberhard von Lenzburg, Amadeus seeks secruity on his border, proposes a trade deal over the important trade tolls in the Alpine region and proposes a defense pact under Savois control with Arles. (Swiss response). For the embassy to Arles, Amadeus XI also shares blood relation to Robert II, Amadeus proposes the defense pact and rents from a port in Nice for three years. (Arles response). The embassy to Spain seeks border secruity and proposes a daughter of the House of Spain to his son Amadeus. (Spanish response). The embassy to France seeks border secruity and proposes non-aggression treaty for ten years. But also sends a warning over converting to the growing Hussite movement. (French response) Finally, the embassy to the Papacy suggests a grand alliance with Catholic countries to deal with the Hussite movement. (Papal response) Peter also begins to raise troops in the east of Savoy to create a permanent army and begins to spread word throughout the Holy Roman Empire for mercenaries. So far his standing army without levies stands around 7,000. With levies, 17,000 men are available. Peter also emphasizes the importance of combating pirate problems in the Mediterranean, notably in the Tunisan area.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Leo XI agrees with Peter IV of Savoy about this alliance. The pontiff also asks the Duke to adopt the Inquisition in his territory and to also allow the Association of Missionaries and Preachers to be organized in Savoy. Peter IV agrees to let in the Inquisition and the Association in Savoy.
    • France agrees with the truce.
    • Swiss Diplomacy: Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg agrees with the proposed trade deal and defence pact.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: As Scotland and Wales continue to make plans to invade Ireland, Parliament decides a diplomatic rapprochement is necessary with England lest Ireland be completely surrounded by enemies. Hoping that King Richard will see the benefits to putting the war behind him lest his powerful nobles betray him. Parliament votes to send envoys to England with an offer, the return of Beauforts (Lancaster) to England and the full recognition by the Kingdom of Ireland that Richard and his successors are the Kings of England. In return the resumption of peace between the two Kingdoms. (Mod response. The King is unhappy but accepts this is the will of Parliament and there isn't much he can do. The fleet is strengthened to counter a Welsh and Scottish invasion with new ships constructed and old ships kept maintained. The fleet remains at Cork.
  • Kingdom of Wales: Our capital's defenses continue to be strengthened, as King Edmund wants Cardiff to become as impenetrable as possible, work continues on to the different kinds of fortifications, such as further strengthening, expanding and elevating the walls of the city, the construction of a moat to protect it from land, as well as the construction of a small but durable star fortress, equiped with a range of heavy and light cannons to protect the city by sea, as well as the expansion, heightening and further reinforcement of the structural integrity of the existing citadel in the city, this whole project is estimated to take two additional years to finish. By King Edmund orders, two printing shops, one in his capital, Cardiff as well as one in the city of Caernarfon, the second most important in the entire realm, are established, having witnessed hundreds of these printing shops popping up in continental Europe, wishes to implement his newly acquired printing press technology, that is profitable by large, as it revolutionizes the book production completely, rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. The work on the two Caravel type vessels continues, the installation of 14 light broadside cannons as well as two heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern at this time, King Edmund keeps track of these works, counting on the capabilities of his planned new fleet to deter his opponents, the Lancasters, the Tudors and the Ó Néills from outmaneuvering him in a surprise invasion, which would be simply unacceptable, by depriving them of the ability to land onto his domain entirely. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided in two two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominated by the independent-minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with limited success thus far, as only some staunchly Yorkist loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm. The works of restoration of the Llandaff Cathedral are finished, the Cathedral opens up to the public again, now more magnificent than ever before. King Edmund attempts to appeal to his English kin, King Richard and Prince Henry, trying to make amends, promising them that he won't take other similar actions and further asking them what do they believe that would be the best course of action be to repair their tarnished relations. (Mod Response) [SECRET] At the same time, King Edmund contacts Earl Richard Neville of Warwick to strengthen their relations, in lack of any children of appropriate for himself to offer for marriage, proposing instead the marriage of his loyal vassal, ally and relative, and single most powerful noble after him in the realm, Duke Cadfael ap Alisdair (Bruce) of Gwynedd, recently widowed, to marry one of Earl Richard Neville's daugthers, Anne or Isabel, both of which are unmarried at this moment, proposing that any issues that result of that union could be betrothed to marry with his now three-year-old son, Lionnel of York, in the future, greatly cementing the ties that bind their three great Houses. [SECRET END] (Mod Response).
  • Swiss Confederacy: Hearing that a military conflict has arisen between Arles and Modena, the Central Council offers King Lucas of Arles the use of 2,000 Swiss mercenaries for this conflict. (Arles response) The League of the Public Weal continues to grow in power in France and many Swiss nobles and clergy remain upset at the religious stances of King Henry II of France; hence, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg covertly sends messengers to the leading nobles of the League, the Dukes of Berry, Brittany, Orleans and Bourbon, encouraging them to push to depose Henry II and replace him with his brother, Duke Francis of Berry. (Mod response). The Central Council continues to give passive support to King Edward III of Scotland in his ongoing dispute with Ireland. The Central Council pay attention to the tensions between King Richard II of Wales and King Edmund of Wales, though they do not comment on it apart from encouraging the two sides to come to an agreement peacefully. The accusations of Wales being involved with the Radical Hussites somewhat worry the Swiss bishops, however. Count Eberhard and the Central Council are pleased about the proposed defence pact with their established allies Arles and Savoy. Bishop of Chur David of Geneva-Lenzburg (1401-1467) dies of natural causes, and is succeeded as Bishop by Ortlieb von Brandis. The University of Basel continues to print pamphlets in support of the Inquisition, under the guidance of Bishop of Augsburg Jodok Seitz who has the position Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy. Because of the conflict between Arles and Modena, the joint military of the Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the southern border of the nation in the Cantons of Geneva, Sion, Uri, Disentis and Chur. Domestically, the government works on encouraging peasants to be lumberjacks in order to increase the lumber production for construction, manufacture and export, thereby improving the economy. Eleanor Beauchamp of Warwick (1408-1467), the mother of William IV, Count of Geneva, dies. Later in the year, Mary Premyslid of Bohemia (1402-1467), the mother of Henry VII, Count of Gorizia, dies of natural causes. Francis Capet, Duke of Berry and Margaret of Bourbon have their first child, a son named Victor (b. 1467). Later in the year, Henry VII, Count of Gorizia and Ísabella Sturlungur have their second child, a son named Engelbert IV (b. 1467).
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. The Hansa once again turns its attention back east, as Brandenburg has effectively acquired the Baltic Duchies. Though the Hansa is eager to see this region in a more stable regime, it is concerned how this will affect trade. With Ireland allowing the Hansa to establish ports, the deed to a Kontor in Dublin is bought. The port, which had been a foreclosed dock previously, is named Irischaven. The Germans do not initially get on well with the Irish at first, especially those who knew the previous owners of the dock. The old buildings are quickly renovated, with a brewery being established on the grounds, with a family recipe from Hamburg being sent over to Ireland. The beer becomes popular with the Irish dockworkers, who warm up to the Germans in short order. In the meantime, the Hansa jumps at the Icelandic offer and sends an expedition to establish a port. With the war with France now over, the Hansa wishes to expand its trade with Portugal and the African coastlines. Eager to break ground in a new market, the discussion in this year's Tagfahrt largely centers around Africa and Asia. Though the League maintains some trade through Asia, the new trade routes along the coast of Africa entices the Hansa. Explorer Antonin Kessler is hired to establish a route to Mali for the Hanseatic League. He lands later this year with a shipment of honey as a gift, arriving in decorated caravels to show off the wealth of the League. He offers to establish a number of dedicated trade routes from the Baltic to Mali. Exotic wares from Russia would flow into Mali's markets and vice-versa.
  • Empire of Japan: The Ouchi lands crisis eats up the national consciousness as even the Emperor is focused on it. Greater and Lesser Daimyo, as well as the four out of Five Noble Families throw their support behind a favored son, Ibiki Soga of the ancient and once powerful clan from early Japanese history. With the Ouichi having been one of the noble houses of Japan, the resurgent Soga clan are clear favorites to the Ouichi lands, fortune, and status. On top of this great pressure is put on the Imperial Diet by the Admiralty and the Generaliship of the Japanese military. With the Army being seen as the more Prestigious branch, the Intraservice rivalry has been growing more and more rampant over the years. The Admiralty with their vast resources and influence over some of Japans largest cities throw their support behind the Soga clan. The Generals alongside the rich Zaibatsu and guild masters support their own candidate, a veteran of the Zaibatshogun war, Akihiko Tanaka. What happens next can only be described as a great maneuvering diplomatically and politically. An admiral switching sides due to his proximity to an army barracks, threats of trade and trade protetion cutoff to swing people either way, The main driving factor behind the heated debate very clearly that everyone is very reluctant to bring this to a civil war. Too many unknowns were on the table. While the debate rages on the Emperor is effectively left in charge of running the country. He takes upon the duty in an annoyed fashion having allowed these fools to operate on the very concept they run the country and not bicker. Exactly what they are doing. Emperor Ryoichi decides to delegate the resolution of the crisis to his son Hideyoshi who while acting as lord of Admirals, is not involved in their internal politics. Hideyoshi takes to the task with fanaticism courting favors and trying to sway opinions. He looks on to the next year to hopefully resolve the issue.
  • The Spanish Empire: with Katherine ready for marriage, her and Juan Leonardo meet in Rome for the princess's wedding. The Royal Family attend the wedding in Rome. With the Pontiff taking part of the ceremony, all goes well with honor. Invitations were handed out from across all of Western Europe to the relatives and friends of Katherine and Juan Leonardo. At the Basillica San Giacoma degli Spagnoli. As the Grand Ceremony concludes, they hold a massive banquet and on return to Spain, the couple tour cities leading back to the palace in Toledo. The year is honored with great colonial success and profits by the West African Co. while in Europe, the Empire's cultural flower blossoms further under religious and cultural unity with the publishing of the National Epic, "La Flora". With a greater degree of funds, road connections across the Iberian and Italian Peninsula see maintenance and expansion as well as in Spanish Morocco where the City of Ceuta experiences repairs. As the Hispanic Moriscos continue to make good use of their new lands, the region finally begins to point to the right direction of unity abroad. Juan spends his time getting to better know his son-in-law.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di" The negotiations with the liege begins to fundemental disagreements as king godfried does not want to give any secular power such as his own dominion to the bishop but that the king wants to expand eclasical power of the bishop over area's with religious minorities. Godfried wanting to allow the Catholic church more power over religious policy and how to handle heresy in Lotharingia, although Godfried would accept keeping church authority in their own holdings if they accept to follow basic royal law with it. Basic royal law being mostly based on the rights of property, recognision of the kings of Lotharingia and the freedom of travel and movement. (Mod response). While in the Heyst Berghuische the representatives The League of the Public Weal gain support from king Godfried, although it is not yet fully clear what that support will be. With this Godfried passes an edict that makes it so any member of the League can seek refuge on Lotharingian soil if they can identify them as members. This is done as a way to prevent the french kings to crack down on the movement, this move will even make it possible to make the league meet more people and have more people convinced of their cause. The senatus regus Lotharii allowing Lotharingian citiziens to join their cause and go to france without any issue. After docking in Spain John Leonard of Regnier is informed that the wedding between him and Katherine of Barcelona Leon will be held in held in Rome with the pope himself attending the wedding. While in Africa Governor Hendrick Wevers is able to lease the Island of the Sherbo for 20 years thus expanding the Holdings in Jabal asada greatly, the Italian merchants of the Azienda du Blu brining the Banana which they were able to get from the Order of Bari. Thus on yele Island the first batch of Bananas is planted, this being done under guidance of some italian merchants with the labour being performed by some Benini slaves. Meanwhile, in Congo, the First Merchants officially settle in a small spot of land agreed upon with King Omar, this being part of the reconsiliation movement by Omar and the KWAC. 
  • Dai Viet: A diplomatic envoy is sent to Ayutthaya to sue for peace and exchange prisoners of war. General Le Tho Vuc and Nguyen Duc Chung are sent to political exile after such embarrassment. (Ayutthaya response). (More to come).
    • Ayutthaya Diplo: Ayutthaya would be willing to accept peace with Dai Viet if the territory of Lan Xang up to the Mekong River was given up to Ayutthaya as well as an agreement for 20 years of peace between Dai Viet, Lan Na, and Ayutthaya.
    • Accepted.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Following the Ayutthayan-Toungoo-Shan victory in Ava, an offer is extended to the ruler of unconditional surrender with the terms being that Ava will submit as vassal to Ayutthaya and surrender land to the victorious powers. (Mod Response). With the successes of Ayutthayan forces in the East, orders are given for the troops to hunker down in defensive postures for the time being with preparations being made for a possible offensive against Dai Viet and Lan Xang if peace negotiations fail to achieve their objectives. The influx of wealth from the sacking of Ava has added much needed funds to the royal coffers allowing for the Penghulu Bendahari to be a little less cautious with state spending with the priorities continuing to be the military and infrastrcuture across Ayutthaya. The Ayutthayan Navy has been given orders to continue strict oversight and patrols over the Straits of Ayutthaya and in the waters around the Malay peninsula. Although Ayutthaya does not condone the actions undertaken by Dai Viet's generals during the war effort, an offer for asylum is made to the political exiles with accomodations for residence and a life in Ayutthaya's boundaries although they will be accompanied by rotating hand picked guards (Mod Response). The Temmengung continues surveillance and policing measures but dials back his efforts to conserve funds for other more vital purposes at the insistence of Rama Trailokanat.
    • Dai Viet response: They are sent to political exile in Quảng Nam and Nghệ An with supervision. Dai Viet does not accept to send them to Ayutthaya.

1468

The Angel of Death has claimed a total of seven national leaders, in the mod events alone.

After hearing of Finland's refusal to institute the Inquisition in their lands, and become a haven for Protestants in Northern Europe, the Pope Leo XI dies of grief. A new Conclave is held to elect the new Pope.

King Richard II of England dies of ulcers, and is succeeded by his son who is proclaimed King Henry VI. The death of the Duke of York causes a rift in the Yorkist faction over the future of the War of the Roses. King Henry secretly supports the overtures of the Beufort dynasty in Ireland, and accepts their proposal to bring gradual rapproachment between the houses of York and Lancaster, in response to England's many external threats. The Neville Family, however, in particular Richard of Warwick pushes to bring closer ties to the Celtic kingdom of Wales, and accepts the betrothal of his daughter Anne. His other daughter Isabel is given in marriage to Godfrey Courtney, the Earl of Devon.

The lords in Liege and the Archbishop accepts the comprimise by the King of Lotharingia. However, a few months later a more radical faction emerges that rebuffs against the moderates and the Archbishop, staging a revolt consisting of 4,000 militia.

The marriage between the royal houses of Luxembourg-Reginar and Barcelona-Leon becomes a landmark political development across Western Europe, drawing these two maritime powers closer together.

Being successful in the western front of the Second Siam-Viet War, the Toungoo Dynasty insists on assuming control over all of Ava's territory in Burma with the support given to them from Ayutthaya.

Rather than risking deposition from the League of Public Weal and the Council of Pragmatic Sanctions, King Henry II of France concedes to revoke the Edict of Reims and reconcile with the Catholic Church.

In Iceland, the King is out surveying the Icelandic fleet when he catches sight of a woman drowning in the bay. Because no one else among his progress could swim, the King dove into the water to rescue the woman. She survived, but the king died of hypothermia two days later.

Duke Henry IV of Saxony dies of old age, and is succeeded by his already-middle-aged son Wenceslaus III.

Queen Eleanor Talbot of England dies a few months after her husband is proclaimed king.

King John II of Cyprus dies and is succeeded by his son, who becomes James II. The Republic of Venice, expanding their influence in the eastern Mediterranean, arranges a proxy marriage between James II and Charlotte Cornaro.

Gjergj Skanderburg of Albania dies, and is succeeded as King of Albania by his son Gjon.

  • Kingdom of Arles: Andre contracts smallpox and dies. He is mourned throughout the Kingdom. Meanwhile, We offer her six-year-old sister Aline to the Scottish second son James for marriage. (SCOTTISH RESPONSE). At the Noli Border, the 23,000 troops stationed there start the attack after receiving the 2,000 Swiss mercenaries. A diversionary attack by 2,000 light Cavalry from the north border swing around and distract the Modenan Force. The 12,000 troops and the 2,000 Swiss mercenaries will then charge and engage the Modenans. Finally the remaining 9,000 troops on the north border will sweep into the flank of the Modenans, hopefully routing them. In Florence, The 5,000 Pisan troops are reinforced by another 1,500 troops. They push toward the city of La Spezia in an effort to catch Modena off guard and to destroy the Modenan Navy. (ALGO FOR BOTH). More money is invested in Rose wine production and the economy is improved. Lucas I introduces the Corruption crackdown campaign, and we start cracking down on corruption. We prepare another expedition to Western Sahara.
    • Scottish Diplomacy: We agree to the marriage offer for James.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The queen celebrates her eighth birthday this year after which a royal tour of all of Portugal is announced. The queen and her best friend Amalia visits Gordes, Madeira, Azores and the Portuguese colonies in Africa. The queen gets wery worried when Amalia is missing from the court but is later found healty and comes back after having been sick for a while. The regent continues expanding Portuguese West Africa with Cape Bojar and Cape Gia becoming more and more improved with a road connecting the two being planned.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: A long time ago, in a desert far, far away... The Caliph has been kidnapped! Having sieged Tlemcen and other cities across the Barbary coast, the final front has presented itself against the treacherous Pirate Empire. During the encirclement of the Pirate Empire's capital, Bejaia, Lieutenant Muhammad al-Janann and Colonel Abdullah 'Amr 'Uthman make a fierce run toward the grand palace of the Pirate Emperor himself, Rahman. Lieutenant al-Janann and Colonel 'Amr 'Uthman confront the Pirate Emperor while he sensely interrogated Caliph Ahmad III. In a fierce fight, Colonel 'Amr 'Uthman loses his left arm, being knocked unconsciously, leaving Lieutenant al-Janann and the Pirate Emperor in a duel of the fates. After incapacitating Captain Rahman, Caliph Ahmad III pressures the al-Janann to decapitate him, and after little hesitation, doing so. With the collapse of the Pirate Empire comes the end of an era, and the beginning of a new. Shortly after the securing of the city, Lieutenant al-Janann and Colonel 'Amr 'Uthman are both promoted to General, although al-Janann is still not considered a member of the 'Aman Council due to his appearance lacking empathy and acting very cringe-like. Meanwhile, Caliph Ahmad III orchestrates the annexation of the Ifriqiyan coast, wiping out the Zayyanid, Allamid, and Rahmanid dynasties in quick succession while . The 'Aman Council suspects something bigger is going on, with Al-Najm protege General Bagheri asking General al-Janann to watch the Caliph, as they have gotten close over the years. In secret, however, a plot brews, as it has occurred to General al-Janann that his secret affair with the Caliph's daughter, Aisha, has resulted in her pregnancy. Knowing the implications of such, he hides this affair in secret. After being awakened from his sleep due to a vision of Aisha's death, he finally gives up the details of this affair to the Caliph. The Caliph says that orchestrated such measures, confirming that Aisha was raised to be his lover. Shocked, General al-Janann confronts the Caliph on the Council's words, implicating their rational as a vocal point in burning the Caliph so much that he had to open a window to cool down the tension. The Caliph himself admits to these crimes, saying that he supported and provided the weapons and galleys to the Pirates for their raids in Aegea and their attack on Zarzis. Shocked once again in his un-empathetic way, the Caliph says that he can prevent the death of Aisha, so long as they keep such an exchange of dialogue hidden from the Council. General al-Janann, having mixed emotions on this realisation, goes immediately to the 'Aman Council to give them the confirmation on Caliph Ahmad III's secret plot while avoiding any part of Aisha in the conversation. Although General 'Amr 'Uthman was out fighting Bedoin tribes in the deserts of time, General Bagheri and members of the 'Aman Council confront the true Pirate Emperor, Caliph Ahmad III. In a battle of sand and its surroundings, Caliph Ahmad III is able to succeed in defeating three of the Council members, leaving a frozen General al-Janann and a thirsty-for-blood General Bagheri left to defeat him. Nearly gaining the upperhand, Caliph Ahmad III calls out to al-Janann to save him and to tell him he can prevent the death of Aisha, and as expected, General al-Janann kills General Bagheri, leaving him to rot on the floors of the grand palace. Caliph Ahmad III accepts such, stating that General al-Janann was right in killing the heathen 'Aman Council that has proven to be too hateful of the Caliph's position and hateful toward Sharia Law, officially appointing General al-Janann to Grand Vizier and re-brandishing him as Al-Najm II, or simply Fīdir. Sending out "Order 66", Grand Vizier Al-Najm II collects the forces of Bedoins, numbering in the thousands, and within quick time, begins killing every member of the 'Aman Council, from Tunis to Sirte to Algiers. Stories of hacked up members and the deaths of Council members' children floods the market places of Ifriqiya, with tales of savagery and the coming of an age of darkness. Aisha is troubled at these reports, and leaves to Tlemcen to meet with him. Upon General Abdullah 'Amr 'Uthman's arrival back at Bejaia, he is confronted, narrowly escaping a legion of Bedoins. Hiding in the carriage of the passing Aisha, he travels to the city of Tlemcen, where in a deserted town does he encounters Grand Vizier Al-Najm II. Al-Najm II speaks on his arrival as truth that Aisha has betrayed his trust, and right before he slashes her like he did General Bagheri, General 'Amr 'Uthman stops this with his only arm holding the saif that catches Al-Najm II's saif, with a sword fight insinuating that is only referred to as the "Battle of the Heroes". Brother against brother. Saif against Saif. Equal in power and strength, 'Amr 'Uthman gains the high ground, trying to reason with the al-Janann that he has failed him. Al-Najm II, opportunistic and filled with hatred, attempts a final slash against 'Amr 'Uthman, however, losing both his legs and arms in the final stand. 'Amr 'Uthman, standing over a dying al-Janann, emphasizes that al-Janann was supposed to save their home, not leave it in darkness, before leaving the town with an unconscious Aisha and with Al-Najm's saif. After Aisha is safe, she gives birth to the twins Ibrahim and Laiha, before dying due to exhaustion and simply not having the will to live anymore. As a means of preventing Caliph Ahmad III from discovering the children of al-Janann, 'Amr 'Uthman decides that he shall raise Ibrahim in the outskirts of Tataouine in al-Janann's uncle's home while he watches over him, with Laiha being entrusted to a group of Berber nobility in Oran. Elsewhere, the remains of Al-Najm II are gathered together by a group of Bedoin troops that deliver him to the Caliph. Displeased, the Caliph orders the complete reconstruction of Al-Najm with remaining body parts from the previous members of the defunct 'Aman Council. As Al-Najm II wakes, he asks whether Aisha is safe. The Caliph says that she has not, with Al-Najm II yelling loudly in a monotone voice, "NOOOOOOO!!!".
  • Archbishopric of Mainz – Archbishop Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, which have promoted peace in Christendom. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. Archbishop von Isenburg sends his deepest regrets to Rome over the recent death of Pope Leo XI. He also sends a message to the Archbishop of Liege, expressing his support and his hopes that with the co-operation of the King, the radicals may soon be suppressed and peace restored to the region. The Archbishop continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, and commissions the printing of some of the pamphlets against the radical Lollards, currently being printed in Rome by Pontifical Roman Press. He recommends to the Finally, in his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he sends his regular report to Emperor Sigismund II. As the Archchancellor collects the reports from all the chancellors of the Emperor, he begins keeping encrypted records of the relative strength, weaknesses, and inefficiencies of the current governors of the Emperor’s properties. In particular, he is collecting information on who is very competent and efficient, who is sloppy and probably corrupt, and all the different variations thereof. In time, he will be able to start recommending o the emperor who should be patronized with more power, and who should be reduced in power or removed.
  • Iceland: As King Ólaf VI is crowned with a regency council more funding is sent to Corinth to Count Hermanos. The Trading Company builds housing in the Hanseatic town to make room for sailors. As Ólaf has always been a sickly child the regency council legitimizes Domnhall and Arnar in the worst case scenario. With the Yorkist split sin England the Government offered the Lancasters some funds.(Mod Response needed).
    • Lancastrian exiles in Ireland accept the support.
  • Savoy: Peter IV enacts the Anti-Heresy League. He invites the Papal States, Swiss, Arles, Spain, Brandenburg, Lotharingia, England, Poland-Lithuania, Scotland and Wales to join. (Papal, Swiss, Arles, Spanish, German, Dutch, English, Polish-Lithuanian, Scottish and Welsh response).
    • Rhine states and electors joins the league.
    • England is too busy to care about this.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Cardinal-Secretary Francesco Della Rovere says that he and the other cardinals support the League and as soon as a new pope is elected, the Papal States will officially join the League.
    • Kingdom of Wales Dip: King Edmund as a pious and devout leader agrees to join the Anti-Heresy League, becoming the first leader to do so.
    • Swiss Diplomacy: The Central Council and Count Eberhard of Lenzburg agree to join the Anti-Heresy League.
    • Mainz Diplomacy: The Archbishopric of Mainz will also join the League.
    • Arles Diplomacy: Lucas I agrees to join the league.
  • Mali Empire: Mansa Uli continues at the upgrade of the infrastructure at the outlining borders of the empire, with the supply depots and oases in the Sahel being fully upgraded into late medieval castles. Likewise, fortifications are upgraded in the southern region of the Upper Niger, with some of the reserve forces stationed to enforce the tributary and slavery systems in place across Nigeria. In Timbuktu, the scholars there import much of the new developments of science and literature coming from Italy and Greece. The "African Renaissance" was mainly characterized by a revival of alchemic arts from the days of the Caliphate, which was only barely starting to take the form of proper chemistry. The most well-known alchemist of this day, Jabir Al-Khadir, claimed to have performed the first experiments to separate gas out of water, but it is not certain if he had the technology to do so at the time. Seeing the chaos ensuing in Tunisia, Mansa Uli II at this point condemns the Caliphate of Ahmad III, declaring him to be tyrannical and not a worthy successor of Muhammad. He offers support to the remaining rebellion against the Caliph, particularly the Bedoin Oran tribes being led by Laiha's adopted parents. (HAFSID RESPONSE). The Mansa sends substantial amounts of gold, copper, rice, and steel weapons to these rebels for free. Antonin Kessler arrives at the port of Dakar from his long journey from Hamburg, now walking in the footsteps of several European explorers as far back as 1340. The Mansa Uli invites Kessler to come visit him at the Musa Palace. He gives him a place of honor, higher than that of Portugal but not as high as the embassadors of Lotharingia and Spain. The Emperor agrees to open trade relations with the Hansa as he proposed, in the hopes of breaking up the Spanish-Dutch monopoly over West Africa. The Mansa specifically offers to sell salt, copper, silk, ivory, and coffee to Germany in exchange for finely manufactured goods from Europe, especially wool and wine. (HANSA RESPONSE).
    • Kingdom of Zayiyr: Omar continues to expand the infrastruture of the Kongo, and uses the limited military to defend the borders against the south, out of fear that the hostile kingdoms of Angola would try to fight back. Omar asks for a perpetual truce and defensive alliance with Loango, in order to free up the northern border and focus on the more hostile neighbors. (MOD RESPONSE). Omar suddenly catches a disease native to the region, and becomes perpetually bedridden. He gives over effective command of the kingdom to his Vizier Jalal. 
      • King Mwambi of Loango accepts this after some hesitation 
  • Papal States: The health of Pope Leo XI declined fast after the Principality of Finland refused to accept the Inquisition. Due to this, the pontiff called Finland as a "Nest of Vipers". While he was ill in the bed, the pontiff received the news that King Henry II of France desired to reconcile with the Catholic Church. Using his last breath of life, the pope wrote a letter to Henry II of France saying that the reconciliation with the Church will only be complete with France adopts the Inquisition and all Taborites and their printing presses in French territory must be eliminated. [MOD response needed, please]. After the letter was sent to France, the pope died. With the death of Pope Leo XI, his Fisherman's ring is broken by Cardinal-Secretary Francesco Della Rovere. The deceased pontiff is buried in a tomb made by Antonio Rossellino at the Basilica of Saint Peter after a mass is celebrated for his soul. Even with Leo's death, the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition will continue with the fight against the heresy. The Pontifical Roman Press continues the mass publication of books and pamphlets to be used by the members of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers across Europe to defend the Catholic Faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards, showing their heresy. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continue. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino continues to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope, this year he finishes the scupture of Saint Bridget of Sweden and starts the one of Saint Anna Forti. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. In these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and other regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. Johann Burchard continue his classes of Canon Law in Saint Augustine's University. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. This year Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta dies and Joana de Borja becomes the regent of their one-year-old son Alfons. As her first act as regent, she orders that Isotta degli Atti, mistress of Sigismondo, be imprisoned. Meanwhile, the Sigismondo's bastard sons start to be killed in Rimini. Some say that they are being assassinated by orders of Joana, but others say that the orders are coming from Rodrigo de Borgia, Joana's brother. Pedro Luis de Borja and Theresa Savelli have a daughter named Isabel de Borja y Savelli. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. While the cardinals are in the Conclave, the people pray to God that the next pope will be a good shepherd to Christendom. The Inquisitors that visited the Kingdom of Wales last year return to Rome. After having made investigations in Wales, they conclude that there isn't any proof that the Taborites are living in Welsh lands.
    • Republic of Ancona: The death of Pope Leo XI is mourned by the people of Ancona. A mass is celebrated in the Cathedral of Ancona for his soul. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • King Henry II reluctantly institutes the inquisition and confiscates the Taborite printing presses.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 3,160: 1,300 Beothuk, 1,125 Tvafolk, 735 Norse. The predominant faiths on the island include Beothuk and Norse paganism, with some Christians (the descendants of 11th century Greenlandic settlers) spread throughout the Norse settlements. Another harsh winter leads to the urbanization of Dogajavick as several families are forced to find solace there. However, with the summer thaw, they return to the wilderness to resume their hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Dogajavick essentially becomes a seasonal city: swelling in the winter and thinning out in the summer. This summer is slightly warmer than usual and allows for the bountiful collection of fruits and cultivation of hardy vegetables. The as-of-yet named southern settlement grows by one family. Once more, members of this anonymous settlement venture out by ship to explore surrounding lands. This time, they think it prudent to include a Beothuk who might be able to communicate with hostile natives. They mostly explore the coasts of OTL Nova Scotia but reach as far north as the Gaspe peninsula and as far south as OTL Newburyport. Initially, encounters with the Mi’kmaq are hostile. However, the Beothuk communicator is able to diffuse the situation using Algonquian words he knows. Limited trade occurs between Mi’kmaq and Vinlandic seafarers. The Tvafolk name the land Esgigeland, after the Mi’kmaq Esgigeoag tribe which reside there. They return home. However, a Tva man elects to stay behind and live with the Mi’kmaq. In Dogajavick, construction on the Norse temple is well underway and likely to be completed next year. Several Beothuk residents erect a makeshift pagan shrine near the construction site, which Hjalfar allows. Herleif turns two this year as his mother gives birth to a baby girl named Ingridamandsey. In Elufsker, the Norse shrines attract surrounding nomads and a few longhouses are constructed near it. In other Elufsker news, several men prepare a seafaring expedition for next year. Also in Elufsker the first thing is held . The as-of-yet named southern settlement is now referred to as Shamyeby (Beothuk word for currants Shamye and Norse word for village By). Residents of Shamyeby begin stockpiling timber and hay for another excursion into Esgigeland next summer, possibly to build a trade post there.
  • Grand duke of Lithuania: Ships continue to be reformed more populations is grow up across the commonwealth, the military has to make new weapons and improving the built and Casimir IV's continue to improve the whole commonwealth somes navy grow up while we built ships and Casimir IV observed on the law's court loyal Casimir is perserving common taxes and foreign policy at the moment the economy is improved well like yesterday as worth it they raise more mans new scholar is establish and done and its own final construction and hire people, while the Poles and Lithuania develop Polotsk and have connections between Lithuania and Poland on the coast with Casimir IV, they begin to settle the areas and concentrate to upgrade in one area and have ordered cities to command by the king an office is establish Elizabeth would rule this area in an agreement discussion with Casimir in the loyal places with the Lithuanian nobles Casimir IV in the discusion he will colonize this region, and have reservoirs to build this area while Lithuania is in at current expansion more ships are built so far the cathedral is still in good construction and little improvement Casimir IV would like to visit Rome, to investigate any Taborites are in Poland and Lithuania to proof if there's one or no but still Casimir IV would like participate to protect Christendom. (Papal response).
    • Papal diplomacy: The new pope will welcome Casimir IV in Rome.
  • Roman Empire: The gains in productivity see the Forum of the Ox rise to new heights as a center of banking and finance. The former market has developed over the last few decades into a large square ringed in financial buildings. The Bank of Constantinople and Bank of the Black Sea are the two largest banking institutions with thousands of significant accounts each. The expansion of trade and the displacement of people leads to an additional increase in social mobility with many small farmers migrating to find larger plots and mid-sized farmers selling their plots to enter the merchant class. Colonists continue to spread forth from Constantinople which serves as a commercial hub in more ways than one. Herodotopolis receives 3,000 colonists as the promise of large tracts of fertile land along a major river prove enticing. Other colonists leave for Dobruja and Taurica. Despite the exodus, the economy flourishes as access to markets across Greece allows for greater profits from trade and capture of a larger share of the overall economy of the Eastern Mediterranean. The rise in access signals an equivalent increase in demand for merchant ships, particularly Imperial Merchant Ships, which are typically cheaper to operate. Basileus Gregorios is convinced by members of the Syndikáto Empóron to expand the number of ships from 400 merchant ships to 500, largely Galeas Caraveles. Work begins immediately on the new ships, but is dwarfed by production by the massive private shipyard that has grown up around the Arsenal of Constantinople. These private yards often poach laborers and techniques from the government shipyard and produce the vast majority of the ships built in or near the city. The Great Library of Constantinople nears completion this year with final touches added to the windows.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Despite the insistence of Toungoo to assume complete control of Ava, Rama Trailokanat informs them that some of Ava's land must be handed off to the Confederation of Shan States as well as Ayutthaya's interest in acquiring the Prome region. If Toungoo were to agree to this a request is made for an arranged marriage between Borromacha III, the heir to Ayutthaya, and a princess of Toungoo (Mod Response). The assimilation of the portions of Lan Xang handed over to Ayutthaya from the last war are underway with the supervision of the project being conducted personally by Tun Perak and trusted officials. The levies of Ayutthaya are released from service with the thanks of the Ayutthayan government for their service in the war efforts. The Penghulu Bendahari continues to carefully spend state funds in this precarious period of time to ensure that enough funds remain to be set aside for any unforeseen backlash from the war. The Ayutthayan Navy returns to its duties of patrolling the Strait of Ayutthaya and around the Malay Peninsula with Dai Viet traders being permitted through once more.
    • Toungoo complies with the request.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Relations with England have improved then. Naval matters are focused on with a ship based upon the Oighear into production the nathair. Smaller and much more manoeuvrable than most of their counterparts 14 metres long, four metres at widest, ellipsoidal shaped, v-shaped hull, two lateen rigged sails, carvel built, square stern, no rowing decks and crews are meant to fight with longbows they begin to be produced for merchants and the navy, what they lack in cargo they make up for speed and ability to make journeys faster. They principally do the runs across the Celtic Sea from Cork, Waterford and Wexford to Europe and Britain because of their sea worthiness and ability to tack. Some ten nathairs are completed this year.
  • Swiss Confederacy: The Central Council is pleased that King Henry II of France has revoked his father's Edict of Reims, and so they tone down their pushing for him to be overthrown, though they do continue warily paying attention to his actions to make sure he is sincere about this change. They also continue to give some funding to the nobles of the League of the Public Weal in order to maintain good relations with them. The Central Council again offers King Lucas of Arles the use of 2,000 Swiss mercenaries against Modena. (Arles response) The Central Council continues to pay close attention to the various tensions in the British Isles, and Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg is pleased about the marriage between Godfrey Courtenay and Isabel Neville. The Swiss bishops celebrate the revocation of the Edict of Reims and the creation of the Anti-Heresy League, which they see as great steps in securing the sanctity of the Catholic Church in Europe. Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg visits Konrad III, Count of Württemberg and proposes to arrange a marriage between Eberhard's son Engelbert von Lenzburg (b. 1448) and Konrad III's daughter Marianne of Württemberg (b. 1443); as they would be second cousins once removed, a papal dispensation would also be needed for this marriage. (Mod response for Württemberg) (Papal response) After visiting Württemberg, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg attends the funeral of Henry IV, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg (1397-1468) in Wittenberg. Domestically, the government works on recruiting peasants to be mercenaries due to the increasing tensions in north Italy and the British Isles. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on improving the fortifications of Zürich, the largest city in the nation, by repairing and strengthening the city walls. Bishop of Lausanne Jean Michel dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Aymon von Lenzburg (b. 1431), brother of Count Eberhard of Lenzburg, who is a member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Maire of Ireland (1415-1468), widow of former King Ólaf IV of Iceland and great-grandmother of current King Ólaf VI, dies of a disease. William IV, Count of Lenzburg and Seselia Sturlungur have their third child, a son named Peter (b. 1468) in honour of William IV's late brother Peter II. Later in the year, Francis Capet, Duke of Berry and Margaret of Bourbon have their second child, a son named Louis (b. 1468).
    • Wurttemburg is ok with this.
  • Kingdom of Wales: Duke Cadfael ap Alisdair (Bruce) of Gwynedd marries with Anne Neville in a magnificent ceremony in the newly restored Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, in an event attended by King Edmund and Earl Richard Neville of Warwick personally, furthermore invitations are send to King Edward III of Scotland, given our pre-existing long standing ties between our realms, Count Eberhard of Lenzburg, our relative and ally, King Henry II of France, given our traditionally good allied relations with France and King Henry VI of England, King Edmund of Wales inviting him to this marriage in an attempt to reconcile with his brother. ( Scottish and Swiss Player Responses and England and France Mod Responses). Our capital's defenses continue to be strengthened, as King Edmund wants Cardiff to become as impenetrable as possible, works contintue onto the different kinds of fortifications, such as further strengthening, expanding and elevating the walls of the city, the construction of a moat to protect it from land, as well as the construction of a small but durable star fortress, equiped with a range of heavy and light cannons to protect the city by sea, as well as the expansion, heightening and further reinforcement of the structural integrity of the existing citadel in the city, this whole project is estimated to take one additional year to finish. The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon prove to be big commercial successes, circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. The construction of the two Caravel type vessels, equiped with 14 light broadside cannons as well as two heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern, is finally finished, King Edmund inaugurates these two new warships, naming them "Merlin" and "King Arthur" respectively. During the inauguration ceremony, King Edmund used a cup of wine, toasting to the ships and throwing his cup into the water. Although he was most likely drunk, he claims this is an old tradition tracing back to Ancient Rome and Greece, denying that he was drunk. Right away he orders an additional two vessels, with the same characteristic as the previous ones, Caravels equiped with the same number of cannons to be constructed. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with limited success thus far, as only some staunchly Yorkist loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm. The works of restoration of the Llandaff Cathedral are finished, the Cathedral opens up to the public again, now more magnificent than ever before. King Edmund orders a census to take place over his domain, for administrational and tax purposes. (CENSUS PLEASE).
    • Swiss diplomacy: After attending the funeral of Duke Henry IV of Saxony, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg attends the wedding of Duke of Gwynedd and Anne Neville in Cardiff, marking a busy year of journeying for the Count.
    • Population comes out to 556,000.
  • Empire of Romania: Year four of the now colloquially called Five Year Plan continues, with increased economic investment by the government. A business survey finds that economic activity in Athens now exceeds levels in the antebellum years, a fact that is widely spread by the Suprano regime in the hopes of attracting further foreign economic investment. Emperor Suprano passes the Imperial Mandate of Housing, ordering the construction of thousands of new housing units throughout the city to provide housing for the influx of new workers and families. Instead of directly hiring laborers and workers to undertake this project, the Romanian government reaches out to several Athenian workers guilds to organize a long-term contract. Several 10,000 denarii of bonds are issued to fund these developments. Tax revenues surge as the previous years’ tax breaks expire and increased business activity leads to increased revenue across all tax sectors, allowing the Treasury to easily cover their liabilities as tens of thousands of denarii worth of bonds issued in previous years mature. Despite this increase in revenues, the empire runs a deficit for the third year in a row, causing some in the Senate to protest the seemingly unending issuance of government debt. The vast majority, however, see the value in deficit spending and the long-term value of the current economic strategy of government stimulus to spur reconstruction. Ties with Epirus and Achaea are strengthened, with trade between the three nations reaching record highs. Much of this can be attributed to the common currency and economic system shared by the three neighbors - despite Byzantine attempts at influence, it will always be easier for a merchant in Epirus to purchase his wares from a Romanian supplier than a Byzantine one. The ties have gotten so close that many in the capital joke that they are in reality one nation, divided into three provinces.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Emperor Suprano invites the leaders of Epirus and Achaea to an informal roundtable to discuss closer economic integration. A key part of the negotiations is the Emperor’s promise of inclusion of the two states in the Venetian trade network that Romania has benefited so much from since the end of the civil war. Other elements include the Emperor’s guarantee of the end of Latin-Orthodox strife, as shown by the passage of the Imperial Mandate of Latin-Orthodox Unity. A representative group of Orthodox business leaders and workers will be present at the roundtable to assure the leadership of Epirus and Achaea that much of the pre-war strife between the two religious groups has subsided, as the people realize the need to band together in this time of adversity. Finally, in a stunning and unpopular move with the inner court, Emperor Suprano promises Epirus and Achaea non-voting observer roles in the Romanian Senate, as well as the establishment of permanent embassies between the three nations.
    • They attend the meeting, and accept the economic and diplomatic status, with respect to their tributary status with the Byzantine Empire.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: We continue to prepare for the invasion of Ireland, but it is still projected to take several years before we will be ready to do so, so there is little noticible change in the activites of scotland in preparing for it in that regard. In Scotland itself, the printing press becomes increasingly popular as many priests take advantage of the device to print Scots Gaelic (For the Celtic Church) and Latin language bibles, in the belief that this will make it much easier to spread the word of Christ to the masses. However, as a side effect of this, many other kinds of literature are mass printed for the first time, with the notable example of "Sinclair's Adventures", also popular in Wales, which has become very popular as a result of the recent Scandanavian contact with "Vinland" far to our west, which has also resulted in a general surge in intrest in the potential of lands to our west and the potential for trade with civilizations there. However, the government is focused on other things and, with Iceland now hostile to us, we decide there is no longer anything stopping us from seeking ties to the Orebro union, a far more important player in the North Sea. Thus, in an effort to establish more favourable trade deals, improve diplomatic relations, and ensure that Scotland continues to have allies outside of the British Isles, King Edward decides to Offer the hand of his daughter, Princess Aoife, to the King of Denmarks unmarried brother, in order to seal an alliance between us and establish greater more free trading relations between our two kingdoms. (SCANDANAVIA RESPONSE NEEDED). King Edward also accepts the invitation of his cousin Duke Cadfael of Gwynedd to attend his wedding, recognizing it as an important opportunity to reinforce ties between Wales and Scotland are to interact with the new king of England personally.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: As part of the modernization of the army, the Prince Amda Seyon recognizes the need to train a highly intelligent class of military officers, and as such obtains permission from his brother to establish a military academy in Barari. This military academy is open only to Chewa warriors selected based on merit to attend it to become an officer in the military. Additionally, the Prince continues standardization of the military, starting to draft a formal military doctrine which outlines weapons usage, training, and deployment strategies for all officers to study. The 5,000 Chewa warriors, now known as the Imperial Army, continue training with arquebuses, being able to deploy, fire and reload in rapid succession. Officers are trained by Roman military officers and hired Western mercenaries in the way of commanding troops armed with firearms. Standardization of the Chewa infantry also continues, with the Empire contracting with black smiths to forge hundreds of sets of similar armor and weapons for the Chewa to train and fight in. With most monasteries now operating as schools, offering lessons in reading and writing Amharic and Greek, some also begin operating as hospitals, helping peasants too poor to afford a private medical doctor or surgeon. Medicinal studies continues in the Universities of Barari and Beri, with Greco-Roman doctors and surgeons teaching Greek studies of the human body. Indian merchants from the Maabar Sultanate begin setting up in Beri, providing for even further expanded trade with India. The Princess Borgia forms a friendship with the Empress Zoya, visiting her often at her private estate and admiring her collection of animals. The Princess Borgia also begins forming a faction of friendly nobles and aristocrats, much to the Empress Dowager Sophia’s chagrin. Her disdain for the Catholic Princess strains her relationship with her son Amda Seyon. 
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The moderate suporters of Archbishop Louis du Bourbon accept the resolution of King Godfried. The moderates accept that the in Liege and Namur Catholic church more power over religious policy and how to handle heresy in Lotharingia, Godfried even accepting keeping church authority in lands directly owned by the Church. The only limits being that secular law will be followed on issues of the law such as taxation and property laws. A small minority in the New Catholic revival movement reject both Archbishop Louis and the compromise made by King Godfried, their exact leanings being unknown. Some members the senatus regus Lotharri believing that they want to establish a theocracy and overthrow the secular monarchy. Thus a force of 7,000 soldiers is brought from the borders where they were repairing the damage of the Franco-Lotharingian war, as to defend those standing with the archbishop and the Catholic faith. While another new for the Catholic faith the League of Public Weal is able to get the Edict of Reims revoked, thus Catholicism rules supreme once more. While in Africa the KWAC continues her trade and begins the first ever banana slave plantation.
  • Duchy of Saxony: Duke Henry IV dies of old age. On June 10th, he came down to breakfast, only to discover his chair had been wedged under the table. Straining to pull it out, the Duke suddenly collapsed - his age had caught up with him, and he died two days later, in bed, with his family surrounding him and his bedside. His last words were, "Es macht keinen Sinn, es zu versuchen. Ich lasse immer alles bis zur letzten Minute" ("There's no point in trying. I always leave everything to the last minute"). No one is sure what he means, but, in the tradition of his family, it is inscribed in his gravestone (the tradition was started by his father Engelbert, whose last words, Das Herzogtum weint um den Herzog, are engraved on his gravestone). An illustrious funeral is planned, and occurs. His son Wenceslaus III, now the new Duke of Saxony, boasts that, out of all the funerals for the many rulers who have died this year, his father's is the most attended (this could be because he was one of the first to die, though). Many other rulers attend his funeral to pay their respects, including Eberhard, the Count of Lenzburg. During the ceremony, the new Duke, Wenceslaus, approaches the Count and embraces him, thanking him for always being a friend to his father. Other relatives who attend the funeral include, Henry's nephew, Adolph de la Marck, his brother-in-law, Eirikiur, Prince of Finland, his great-nephew Sigismund of Bohemia, representing his father the King of Bohemia, his great-nephew Henrik, Count of Wasaborg, his younger half-sister, Sophia, Countess of Upper Mark and Landgravine of Hesse, his six legitimate grandchildren and one illegitimate grandson, his daughter Louise Beaufort (nee de la Marck), all the way from England (once renowned for her beauty, she has now grown so fat that she could not fit through the cathedral door). His two sons, Wenceslaus and Otto, walk behind his coffin. Later on in the year, Otto catches a disease which causes him to lose the sight in one of his eyes - as the other eye has been ineffective with a "lazy" eyelid since birth, he is now rendered effectively blind. A rather famous painting is painted, depicting Duke Henry reuniting with his father Engelbert in heaven (the painting is known as God's Dukes).
  • The Spanish Empire: with the marriage of Katherine and Juan, young Katherine becomes awfully pregnant. Over the coming months, she gives birth to a son named after her father and the man she loves. Juan Leonardo II de Reginar-Barcelona is born. Beyond such, colonial ventures continue within Nueva Zamora sparking more merchant interests as the supply of Sugars arrives to Hispania where the luxury good quickly thrives. More colonists arrive wishing to strike it rich at the growing coastal settlement. Governor Alejandro de Figueroa is appointed in Nueva Zamora. Meanwhile, the Wool and Textile trade blooms between the bonds of Lotharingia and Hispania bringing about great profits and fine quality goods that expand rapidly into European Markets. Julio Jimenez, the lighthouse keeper in Gibraltar begins to finance the Andalusian Road Project alongside the crown to bring together rural and urban areas alike.

1469

Habemus Papum! Cardinal Thomas Bourchier, Primate of England is elected the new Pope, taking on the Papal name Pope Anastasius VI.

In honor of his late wife, King Henry VI of England grants numerous titles and honors to the extended Talbot family in England. His two sons are named the Dukes of York and Gloucester.

With the ongoing dispute over the Aegean Islands, the Republic of Venice says they will accept the arrangement by Byzantium if Venice is allowed to retain their forts and financial assets on the islands.

Trade of the Hanseatic League through the North Sea and the English Channel is significantly disrupted by English privateers of unknown origin.

Marsilio Ficino completes a complete commentary on Plato's Dialogues.

In Mesoamerica, Emperor Totochtin is humbled by his Empire now owning the entire world after conquering the Yucatan sometime in the last decade. Before he can be further humbled, he dies unexpectantly and without a heir, plunging the Mexican valley back into the darkness that had plagued it centuries ago.

Gedun Drupa dies through meditation in Tibet this year, posthumously considered to be the 1st Dalai Lama of Tibetan Buddhism.

As with the Golden Horde declining quicker than toilet paper during the outbreak of a disease, the Timurid dynasty of Samarkhand faces similar stagnation, with other Tartary-based dynasties rising in their own right in defiance against the Timurids.

Naval ships from Tahirid Yemen begin harassing Ethiopian ships.

  • Chimu: The war progressed. The Pakatmayo started to lose ground when one of their leaders were captured thanks to an elite force that was formed after the Battle of Takunis, a village that was close to one of the most important military leaders across the Inca civilization. The Chimunese military was aware of the invasion, so they battled together against the Pakatmayo. The organization was powerful enough to eradicate most of the troops, but the Chimunese military and the Incanese with their combined strength could repel the invasion. After the battle, several troops were assigned to a secret black operations unit, called the sheangánik, that used assasination and infiltration tactics to get any of the operations done with success. The Pakatmayo started losing battles or skirmishes since most of the units were reduced thanks to the Victory recived on the Skirmish of Takunis, the battle were the new sheangánik was formed. Viracocha is quarantined and maintained on his domain, to avoid any new assasination attempt by the Pakatmayo. Battles are fought against the Pakatmayo, and the organization loses territory. The conflict is now in favor of the Chimu/Inca alliance.
  • Kingdom of Arles: We accept the 2,000 Swiss mercenaries. We now unleash another attack on Noli. We aim to push out any remaining resistance. Lucas I orders that leaders of any resistance movements shall be executed.The Arlean Navy moves to La Spezia to destroy to Modenan Navy. (ALGO NEEDED FOR BOTH). The expedition is sent to Western Sahara, with 400 people landing at OTL Laayoune. This settlement is named Lorviti after the captain of the ship. Lucas has his third child, a son named Louis. We send an envoy to Savoy, requesting that they support us against Modena. (SAVOY RESPONSE).
    • Pisa: The 6,500 troops assault La Spezia through Florence to help the Arlean Navy. A fort starts construction this year. Named the Lowen Fort, it will be one of the most technologically advanced in Europe.
    • Savoy: Peter IV sends 4,000 troops lead by his heir Amadeus IX to lead a flanking attack near Noli. Amadeus proves himself to be a rapid marcher and good logistician during the campaign. (Algo response)
  • Dai Viet: With the disastrous campaigns on the western front, the Emperor decides ultimately it would be impossible to wage a war with Ayutthaya and their allies due to the strong position of Ayutthaya in Southeast Asia with their strong army. Diplomatic envoys are sent to Ayutthaya and Lan Na to present the Ayutthayan and Lannese king with gifts of silk and ivory as well as asking to improve relations after war, now with peace guaranteed. (Ayutthaya and Mod Responses). The army has recovered from the war with the levy raised to 20,000 for now. With the army unable to wage wars against countries in the mainland, the army is required to again practice naval military training in the East Sea as the Emperor wishes to strengthen the position of the navy. Note that Dai Viet’s warships are very well-equipped with cannons, storage and levels creatively installed since the Ho dynasty. But with limited resources for manufacturing ships the number of ships has been low. Due to that, trade of wood are encouraged. The Emperor also encourages the people to work laboriously to repair the damage of the economy from war.
    • Lan Xang: With much of the territories ceded to Ayutthaya, the king is displeased but has to do it since he doesn’t want Lan Xang to get attack, as well as the sparsely population of Lan Xang despite the large area of land. Policies of recent years during his rule of strengthening government control on the land has effectively boosted the population by having land on the control of the government, further giving the government the ability to encourage the people to work more laboriously. One-sixth of the wood of the country’s forests is given to Dai Viet the ability to exploit for their ships production. Nguyễn Anh Vũ due to his time in Lan Xang to know the language and culture has been selected for a very high position in the Lan Xang royal court.
    • Lan Na accepts the gifts
    • Ayutthaya Diplo: Ayutthaya accepts and agrees
  • Iceland: The trading company gets more blubber charters under the leadership of Unnar Fredericksen. The regency council is increasingly worried about King Ólaf’s health and preparing for King Domnhall IV. Prince Bishop Erik publicly ridicules the Anti-Heresy League as they are repealing Martin V’s tolerance in his book “The Fools Crusade”.
  • Papal States: With the end of the Conclave, Cardinal Thomas Bourchier is elected as the new and chooses the papal name of Anastasius VI. With a new pope, comes the changes in the Curia. Cardinal Ari Sturlungur becomes the new Secretary, Cardinal Bernardo Eroli becomes the General Comissary of the Church, Cardinal Charles de Neufchâtel assumes the position of head of the Association of Missionaries and Preachers, Cardinal Jan Długosz becomes the new head of the Pontifical Roman Press, Cardinal Angelo Capranica becomes the head of the Institute for Works of Charity, Cardinal John III Peckenschlager continues as the prefect of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, Cardinal Latino Orsini is the new Dean of the College of Cardinals and Bartolomeo Roverella continues as the Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. Like his predecessors, Pope Anastasius VI continues to support and reinforce the Inquisition. He officialy make the Papal States join the Anti-Heresy League. The Pontifical Roman Press continue to spread pamphlets and wors in defense of the Catholic faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards. The pontiff meets with Casimir IV and explain to him how dangerous the Taborites and radical Lollards are to Catholic Europe. Anastasius VI cites the cases of violence caused by Taborites before the Hussite Crusade. He asks Casimir IV to adopt the Inquisition [Lithuania response needed, please] Casimir IV is accepted to join and establish their inquistion. A similar request is sent to Hungary, asking they to adopt the Inquisition and the Association of Missionaries and Preachers. [MOD response needed, please]. A letter is sent to the League of the Public Weal in France saying that Jean Coeur, Bidhop of Bourges will be the Grand Inquisitor of France. Since Bourges is located in the Duchy of Berry, one of the members of the League, the Inquisition will not be influenced by heretics. [MOD response needed, please]. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues under the Papacy of Anastasius VI. Antonio Rossellino start to work in the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino continues to make the sculptures of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope, this year he finishes the scupture of Anna Forti and start to make one of the Angel Uriel. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Pope Anastasius VI condemns the rebels of Liegè, saying that their actions are desnecessary since their Bishop already accepted peace with the King of Lotharingia. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chape commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. With Cardinal Sturlungur now working as Secretary, he is replaced as Headmaster of Saint Augustine's University by Cardinal Francesco Della Rovere. Johann Burchard becomes a Doctor in Canon Law and after a meeting with the pope, he becomes the new Papal Assistant. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, now a member of the Order of Divine Mercy, participate in the works of charity of his order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Ársæll's son, Ársæll Francis Martin Esturlungio, travel to Rome to study theology at Saint Augustine's University. He prefers to be called as Francis. Leonardo Della Rovere and Ippolita Maria Sforza have a son named Ferdinand. Philip of Habsburg and his wife Luchina Della Rovere have twins, a boy named Francesco and a girl named Eleanor. Philip's counsins, John III of Nassau-Weilburg and Sibylle, children of Kunigunde of Habsburg and Philip II, Count of Nassau-Weilburg send letters congratulating their counsin for the birth of his children. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini (Papal States), John Morton (England), Youssef II el-Hadathi (Patriarch of the Maronite Church) and Diether of Isenburg (Mainz). Pope Anastasius VI gives the marriage dispensation that was asked by the Swiss diplomats. The pontiff writes to the king of England saying that cardinal John Morton will replace him as the new Grand Inquisitor. [MOD response needed, please].
    • Republic of Ancona: The election of Pope Anastasius VI is celebrated by the people of Ancona. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Hungary adopts the AMP but not the inquisition.
    • The Duke of Berry accepts the position.
    • John Morton gladly accepts the position.
    • Diether of Isenburg accepts the appointment with graditude.
  • Empire of Romania: With the conclusion of the Five Year Plan, a national celebration is declared throughout the empire. Public sentiment remains high, with most citizens approving of Emperor Suprano’s reforms and reconstruction efforts, although a sizable and vocal minority in both the aristocracy and common class resent the new policies on Orthodox-Latin unity and equity, as well as the Emperor’s outreach efforts to the wayward provinces of Epirus and Achaea. An increasingly numerous faction of the Imperial Senate begins increasingly loud calls for military pressure on the two provinces, much to the dismay of the Suprano-aligned members and the two Orthodox observers. Emperor Suprano sends a personal guarantee to Epirus and Achaea that the Romanian Empire has no plans or capability to use military action in the near future, and instead calls for more economic cooperation. Farmers in Epirus and Achaea frequently find themselves using the financing and underwriting services of Romanian bankers, taking advantage of the legally mandated low-interest rates for those two provinces. Romanian-Icelandic relations continue to improve, as Iceland delivers a large sum of gold and silver to assist in reconstruction efforts and aid toward the Order of Bari refugees stranded in Naples. The Count of Corinth is declared a Friend of the Empire, and a potential marriage between the Suprano and Sturlungios families is discussed to cement the unexpected but fruitful friendship between the two nations. Laurentia Suprano, daughter of Julius Suprano is seen as the most likely candidate for this marriage.
    • [MOD, BYZANTINE AND PAPAL STATES RESPONSE]: Emperor Suprano and the Imperial Senate demand that both Byzantine and Venetian forces withdraw from the island of Karpathos, pointing to the Order of Bari as the rightful administrators of the island. Envoys are sent to the nations of Venice, Naples, and the Papal States seeking backing for this move, pointing out the importance of the Order in the African Crusade - in fact, Emperor Suprano argues that given their contributions to the Catholic cause, the Order should be rewarded with more land and a guarantee of financial support. As a show of personal commitment, the Empire of Romania will help fund at least half of the reconstruction and repatriation of the Order of Bari, partially using funds delivered from their newfound Icelandic comrades.
    • Icelandic Dip: We request Laurentina the hand of Hermanos, heir to Corinth and war veteran. (Latin Response).
      • Romanian Diplomacy: The Suprano familily accepts, under condition that the entire extended family in Corinth declare their fealty to the Catholic faith and undergo a revitalization of their vows of faith.
      • Iceland: Hermanos accepts.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI agrees that Karpathos should be returned to the Order of Bari.
    • The Order of Bari proceeds to move to Karpathos
  • Savoy: Savoy sends a letter of demands to France demanding two pieces of territory near Savoy to be returned to Savoy. Peter IV cites the reason of Savoyard communities that live their face improper rule under Henry II. They also cite that Hussites also have a presence, Peter claims that he can convert them back to the true faith. (French response). Peter IV sends a message to Lotharingia urging them to not get involved in French affairs and says to exile Hussite communities from the Ardennes back to France. (Dutch response).
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Rumor ongoing in Europe about the Taborites were currently announce the inquisitions after the meeting with the pontiff will launch an evenement against the Taborites in an agreement with Casimir IV across the commonwealth some soldiers are sent by 1,000 to Christianize some areas and convert to Christians to support the Catholic's statues they reinforce it after a while the Polish nobles would forcefully sent them to convert at the religions Polotsk is being a colony under the regime on our commonwealth ruled by Elizabeth of Austria and is developing the areas, sent men in there an expansionist begins to develop and mobilized by the order seen that the king started to make inquisitions on territorial and that people convert to Christianity, an island in this areas colonize this terrtiroy and establish villages for the Poles control it on the order of Casimir IV the Catholics in the commonwealth fully in charge to start an investigations in a discusion for the defense of the Catholic's sake some ships are being built and raise more mans and some area is being improved, Christianized and upgraded into a major colony region and partially using for expansion a high office is establish the compaign is face against the Taborites in the inquisition's demand anyway Casimir IV announce Latin is taught in the country for learning Christians and developing more social progress across the imperial's commonwealth the nobles sugger to demand right to investigate with Elizabeth of Austria and the nobles Poles high officie is securing in this organizations the military is upgraded and news effort is made of it they hired and being fully moderating the commonwealth fortress is establish and more, Casimir IV is fully being to start the inquisition.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: A face of metal. Grand Vizier Al-Najm II, now supporting a face mask to cover the wounds from his battle with General 'Amr 'Uthman, dresses in dark robes of horror and illusions, while re-purposing the Saif of the former General Bagheri to match his intentions. Now reborn, Caliph Ahmad III instructs the Al-Najm II to lead a purge against independent pirates, and within a few months, his saif now bleeds permanently from the number of pirates decapitated in quick time. As the moon sets on the Caliphate, the sun rises, with Caliph Ahmad III organizing the treasures he has secured in the Pirate Wars. The Caliph establishes the Black Pearl, a pirate company under the rule of Vizier Al-Najm II. The Bedoin army, large in their capacity, are scattered throughout the Caliphate, maintaining the Caliph's control over cities as well as the setting up of defenses near the Rif and Mamluk territories. The Taureg peoples are slaughtered as many Bedoin troops move southward to the city of Djelfa, expanding the reach of the Caliphate further into the great desert from where the gold of the Mali Empire resides. Meanwhile, former General Abdullah 'Amr 'Uthman travels to the lands of the Mali Empire, keeping his identity hidden while searching for the warrior known as Djiata Agadezi.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Concerns are raised in Ayutthaya's court of the ongoing instability in Majapahit, Rama Trailokanat has made an offer to Majapahit requesting a marriage between him and a Princess of Majapahit with a dowry consisting of Indragiri and Aru (Mod Response, note: OTL thing between Malacca and Majapahit except Aru is asked for instead of Siantan). Buddhism continues to be encouraged by Ayutthaya's government with Dhammazedi resuming his travels of the Ayutthaya's territory to encourage Buddhism or at least coexistence between Buddhism and other religions. Trade continues under Ayutthaya's supervision with the government taking measures to ensure equal representation in trade for both Muslims and Buddhist in order to prevent religious friction between the two groups. The Ayutthayan Navy has started to take a far more active job in patrolling the Straits of Ayutthaya due to Majapahit's decline. Tun Perak continues to oversee the assimilation and integration of the Prome and Lan Xang regions absorbed into Ayutthaya from the previous war. Funding for infrastructure and military funding continues to be supplied by Ayutthaya to maintain and protect the Kingdom. Scholars and promising intellectuals start to receive patronage from Ayutthaya's government for the research they conduct on the hopes of refining existing tech and weapons into far superior ones.
    • Majapahit agrees to this deal.
  • Empire of Japan: Before being able to step in, the Emperor is pre-empted by a capitulation on the part of the Zaibatsu and Generals. The navies critical importance in trade, and the Daimyos much more entrenched and longstanding political positions win out against the relatively inexperienced Zaibatsu members on the Imperial Diet. The Generals unable to hold the line alone also capitulate. This brings the Soga clan to the forefront and they are given the Ouchi Lands, as well as their position as one of Japan's Five Noble Houses. The ending of the crisis and the Imperial Diet being able to solve the issue without the Emperor proves their competency and removes the chance the Emperor possibly had to dissolve the body. A sense of administrative normalcy returns to the country as tensions lessened and a less heavy handed approach was taken toward many of the provinces. Expansion of Port Kowa and Fort Koba continue in earnest as more lands and territory are added to the claims in necessity for a greater need of resources in their domestic area. 
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The queen celebrates her ninth birthday this year in Lisboa with many of her friends being there Incuding Amalia. The queen and her best friend, Amalia, review the Portuguese navy and army in a yearly parade. (CENSUS NEEDED). (secret) The queen and Amalia goes missing for several hours and then appear in the queens room saying they played hide and seek with each other. The regent continues upgrading and modernizing the army and the navy.
    • The population of Portugal is 2.8 million.
  • Oyo Empire: We begin mobilizing our forces again for a second assault. Since its been shown that Benin doesnt have quiet the amount of resources or numbers as us ill stretch their resources. We'll open up three fronts 7,000 along with the thousands of Ijesha mercenaries to hit in the north in Ado Ekiti. Our best trained men will strike down the middle abd try to take Ondo with 5,000 men. The bulk of this force will be staging a battle south in Makun. This force will consist of 17,000 men. Once these initial battles are finished the invading armies are to split into groups of three with an emphasis on raising and raiding Benins countryside until their government is ready to talk peace.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 3,500. Dogajavick grows in its permanent population while its winter population is higher. Elufkser and Shamyeby both grow. The longhouses outside the Elufsker runes are consolidated into a village under Hakon Gunnarsson who names it Runby. The Thing of Elufsker attracts the leaders and citizens alike of all the remaining Norse villages. Excluding Elufsker, these Norse villages include: Hallrberga, Runby (newly founded), Issvik, Erikoberg, Langrklifberg, Garthorp, and Viksteintoft. They all gather in the summer for what becomes a major social event amongst the Norse. During the Thing of 1469, the Norse agree that they must consolidate in the face of stagnating population and fears of Beothuk attacks. However, they cannot agree on a leader to elect. Each village patriarch proclaims themselves to be the best leader for the Norse, so naturally no one wins. However, it is the leader of Elufsker, Erik Hrothgarsson, who rouses the most cheers amongst the Thing attendees. Interestingly, the few remaining Christians in Vinland attend the Thing and are the subject of attention for their strange ways and beliefs. Word of the Thing spreads throughout Vinland, greatly influencing Hjalfar’s ideas for governing Dogajavick. The Norse temple is completed this year and it is here where Hjalfar proclaims himself Jarl, Lawspeaker, and Gothi (priest) of Dogajavick. He proclaims that a Thing will be held in Dogajavick next year and invites Shamyeby to participate. Shamyeby agrees, planning to send Tva and Beothuk representatives. In other news, the newly inaugurated Norse temple in Dogajavick hosts an adjacent Beothuk worship site which is nearly as big. There, Beothuk stage celebrations and events where they paint themselves in ochre. In seafaring news, Shamyeby gathers enough materials to send an expedition to the northern tip of Esgigeland and begin construction of a trade post there. There is some tension between Mi’kmaq and Tvafolk/Beothuk, but the Beothuk manage to communicate effectively and a conflict is avoided for now. The trade outpost nears completion as the Shamyeby traders make several trips back and forth before the winter cold forces them to remain home. The tvafolk man who elected to stay with the Mi’kmaq last year has started a family and returns to Shamyeby with his wife Sesipcheech and daughter Sigrida. In other news, Elufsker men continuing preparing for a voyage westward, gathering the materials necessary to support a summer journey.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di" Hurah a Son is born as Katherine became pregnant with a son and gave birth to the second in line to inherit the Lotharingian crown after Jan Leonaard Regnier. This son of Katherine being called Jan Leonaard von Barcelona-Regnier in Franconian and Juan Leonardo de Barcelona-regnier in Spanish, Little John being born in the El Palacio de Toledo the royal palace of the Spanish royals. This is good news for the Monarchy in Lotharingia as King Godfried begins to decline in health as result old Age and being out in the weather a lot since the war with france and the rebelion in Liege. The Rebelion not being yet over in Liege as a small groop of Rebels have been able to flee the battle, they flee like the husites into the ardenesses. The ardennes being less populated and more mountainous and forested than the rest of Lotharingia thus very easy to defend. Meanwhile, in Africa, the KWAC and specifically the Azienda du Blu begins to invest small bits of their wealth in combatting piracy and keeping their traders from and to africa safe. The KWAC setting up harbours on Serbo Island and Etula Island so to get goods flowing more easly, this being a hard but possible task due to the existance of smaller minor docks existing on the island. This nog being the case on the small exclave of the KWAC in Congo as it has no dockyard nor any housing yet, the spot being given specificly because it had no one living on them. The small exclave being planned to be a dockyard and a place of warehouses and trade exchanges, where the Congo government can easly control the Goods and the otherway around.
  • Archbishopric of Mainz: Archbishop Diether von Isenburg humbly thanks the new Pope for appointing him Cardinal, and swear to undertake this task with all energy and devotion. He sends sends his congratulations to Pope Anastasius VI, and gift, an elegantly printed copy of the City of God, by Saint Augustine. He remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. Finally, in his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he sends his regular reports to Emperor Sigismund II. He begins keeping encrypted records of the relative strength, weaknesses, and inefficiencies of the current governors of the Emperor’s properties. In particular, he is collecting information on who is very competent and efficient, who is sloppy and probably corrupt, and all the different variations thereof. In another year, he will be able to start recommending to the emperor who should be patronized with more power, and who should be reduced in power or removed.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. The journey of Antonin Kessler proves to be fruitful, as the deal with Mali is APPROVED in the Tagfahrt. However, as soon as these trade routes open, a threat rears its ugly head: pirates. Since its inception, the Hanseatic League has dealt with pirates. It was, in many ways, founded to combat piracy in the Baltic. The pirate havens of yore throughout the Baltic have been found and burned. With the Hanseatic presence in the Baltic, many have turned to smuggling and other less heavy-handed forms of theft. The blatant piracy in the North Sea, then, reflects a lack of order in the region. The Hanseatic League does not just bring prosperity through goods and gold. It brings prosperity through order. The ratio of carracks-per-cog/bulk is increased dramatically, from 1:30 to 1:20. Additionally, more caravels are built to patrol the lanes and keep an eye on the Hansa's convoys. A naval task-force is sent to deal with pirates, either by neutralizing them on the spot or by tailing them to hideouts. It becomes clear, however, that these pirates are indeed privateers, paid for by another unknown entity. The Hansa sends inspectors to its Kontor in London to discern who hired these attacks on their convoys. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Swiss Confederacy: 2,000 Swiss mercenaries travel to Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena. Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg returns to Switzerland after his year of travel that took him to Württemberg and Wittenberg in Germany and then Cardiff in Wales, and attends the wedding of his son Engelbert von Lenzburg to Marianne of Württemberg after the granting of the papal dispensation. The Central Council pays attention to the battles in northern Italy where the Swiss mercenaries are being used. They also continue to pay close attention to the various tensions, including those between the brothers King Henry VI of England and King Edmund of Wales, and the Central Council continues to offer tentative support to King Edward III of Scotland in the disputes between Scotland and Ireland. The Swiss bishops are pleased when they hear about the reinstatement of the Order of Bari on Karpathos. Count Eberhard and the Central Council continue their support of the League of the Public Weal in France, though relatively quietly since King Henry II of France's revocation of the Edict of Reims; some Swiss nobles still think the French King should be replaced by his brother Francis Capet, Duke of Berry, but are not currently publicly calling for his deposition. Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg writes to Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich, proposing to arrange a marriage between Albert IV (b. 1447, OTL married 1487) and Eberhard's daughter Maria von Lenzburg (b. 1450). (Mod response). Domestically, the government works on improving and expanding sheep farms in order to increase wool production, thereby generating more trade goods and boosting the economy. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the northwestern border of the nation in the Cantons of Basel-Bishopric, Basel-City, Aargau and Schaffhausen. As the conflicts in northern Italy continue and tensions increase between Scotland and Ireland, several thousand mercenaries are gathered at the military base of Rapperswil Castle in the Canton of Toggenburg as the Central Council anticipates further deployments (beyond those already in Arles) may be needed within the next few years. The University of Basel continues to print pamphlets in support of the Inquisition, under the guidance of Bishop of Augsburg Jodok Seitz who has the position Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy. Frigg Sturlungur (1422-1469), an unmarried sister of former King Ólaf IV of Iceland, dies of a disease. Henry VII, Count of Gorizia and Ísabella Sturlungur have their third child, a daughter named Cecilia (b. 1469).
    • Marriage accepted.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: Word reaches the Imperial Court of a number of pirate attacks launched on Ethiopian ships by pirates based in Yemen, the Emperor of Ethiopia sends a demand to the Yemeni Sultan. The Emperor demands that the Yemeni pirates  responsible for the attacks be turned over to the Empire for punishment and that the Sultan restrict any further pirate attacks on Ethiopian shipping and guarantee the safety of all Ethiopian merchants. [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED].  In order to act on this demand, the Emperor prepares for a war across the Red Sea in Yemen, assembling the Ethiopian navy of 50 dhows at Beri and mobilizing 10,000 Chewa warriors in addition to the 5,000 arquebusiers in the Imperial Army. The 15,000 men concentrate at Beri along with the navy, preparing to cross the straits if necessary. To supplement the Imperial naval forces, which consist of mainly raiding parties, the Emperor also extends an offer to the Ayutthayan ships which arrived, promising to pay them handsomely and give them a share of the loot. [AYUTTHAYA RESPONSE].
    • Ayutthaya Dip: The Ayutthayan Expedition (seven djongs) will provide aid to Ethiopia against the pirates so long as the pirates are harrassing and disrupting the flow of commerce. 
    • Sultan Al-Mujahid Ali bin Tahir of Yemen does not reply.
  • The Spanish Empire: Sad news indeed! With the death of King Juan I de León-Barcelona comes the rise of Queen Katherine I de España. A mother to her son and now her country, she tends to both well. She decides after years of prosperity, the Civil War that her father fought in could only be the cause of negligence and corruption. The framework of the Empire was still weak seeing that there was still open rebellions occuring time to time in the realm and as an order of first actions, she finances the institutes of art and science across the Imperial Realm especially artists and writers who have written profound works of literature in the Hispanic Language. This is also accompanied by the actions of the Crown to reseize estates from nobility that may have been sold off to fund the war effort during the civil war. If there were no justified reasons for these estates to be given up, they would swiftly be reseized and divided under Crown-Rule first, Municipality second. Beyond such, the policing system already present and funded through crown taxation would receive more benefits in order to be more efficient. By her majesty's wish, the Spanish Inquisition would be ordered to focus on enforcing true conversions to the one true faith and removing any heresy within the realm. The Ecclesial Council will also have oversight among the Clergy to prevent corruption within the church, not only is it declared by Katherine to be unpious but wicked. Outside of royal duties, Katherine tends to her son and family. Her sisters take part in raising the child as well to a degree as Katherine spends most of her time actively in the Spanish courts surprisingly enough leaving her more off the seat of the throne in the palace and more in her lead seat at the Spanish Assembly becoming the Queen's "Second Throne". Her uncle, Jacobe de Navarro-Leon is appointed as a diplomatic advisor. Meanwhile, new elections in Nueva Zamora leave the Figueroas once again successful in re-election as Governor. Seeing the conflict in Italy arise between the states of Modena and Savoy, Katherine assembles the Spanish Armada in the mediteranean as well as readying 10,000 troops before deciding to undertake any actions as a Civil War brews between members of the Latin Brothers. The Pontiff is called upon in this time of need in Italy for what should be done between the conflict of Modena in Arles. Katherine heads to Rome in the winter.

1470

Emperor Sigismund II dies, and a new Imperial diet is called to elect the new King of Germany. Without a legitimate heir, both the Electorate of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Livonia are inherited by his nephew, Henry of Bohemia. This places Bohemia and Brandenburg back into a personal union.

With the political divsions occurring in the Yorkist dynasty, King Henry VI of England petitions Ireland to secretly work out an agreement to end the dynastic dispute between them, out of fear of him losing control over the English magnates.

The Hanseatic league uncovers that the privateers of the North Sea are being sponsored by English nobles.

The Crusader Order of Bari returns to the Island of Karpathos, while the rest of the Aegean Sea falls into the hands of the Byzantine Empire. Reports are alerted to the Emperor of the Crusader's arrival, which has crossed over into claimed territory for Rome.

A second civil war breaks out across the Majapahit Empire, as the Sultan of Demak rebels against the Maharajah Singhawikramawardhana.

As the ongoing Catholic inquisition is finding success across the Holy Roman Empire, a second wave of Witchcraft activity appears to surface across the Swiss Confederacy. Monks in Germany begin taking up a concerted study of witches and demonology, applying the Renaissance critical philosophy to this theologic problem. This rise of demonic activity is also detected among the Orthodox realm, as Vampires are being reported in the Transylvanian region spanning Hungary, Wallachia, and Dobrujah.

The Kingdom of Daju falls into disarray after King Anwar dies without a heir. In response, the Kingdom of Mankuria annexes Daju, with Mankurian King Azmera declaring himself as the "Emperor of Nubia". Meanwhile, Muslims in the former Ifat Sultanate grow in unrest.

Stephen the Great becomes leader of Moldavia, and proceeds on an expedition to seize territory from the Crimean Khanate.

Domenico da Piacenza becomes a foremost pioneer in the development of modern dancing in Florence.

In some distant corner of the Pacific Ocean, a civil war arises in the Tui Tonga Empire, in which the ancient dynasty since the 10th century is deposed.

At this point, the moveable type printing press is available to all nations in Western Europe.

French Chemist Jaquin Rousselle dedicates his book The Compound of Alchemy to the King Henry II of France.

Jacopo Bellini paints the Virgin of Humility. 

  • Kilwa: The Sultan of Kilwa, Sa'id idn al-Hassan, begins issuing coins displaying his own as well as his father's image. He also marries the daughter of the Emir of Mombasa. The Sultan begins sponsoring research into new shipbuilding techniques.
  • Dai Viet: The army went through a new recruitment and saw itself to the orginal number before the war with Ayutthaya. The Emperor visits Tay Kinh and witnesses the bumper crops there and couldn't help showing his joy by composing a poem describing the good harvest. A new law is made regarding the traditional customs as one of many society reforms Emperor Tư Thành makes stating that: "Children who are mourning for their parents, wives who are mourning for their husbands must follow the general statute of three years, and must not arbitrarily violate or violate the law. Children who mourn for their parents but first wife's is pregnant, then they are forced to be exiled. If a wife mourns her husband in an indiscriminate manner, or if she puts on a regular shirt despite not having finished attending the funeral, or has received a bride price from another person, or married to another husband, then the penalty is death. If a funeral ceremony is still happening, but one goes out to see the fun activities and keeps watching it, then he shall be punished to exile. If any man wanting greed and desires and marries the concubine of the criminals, or having affairs with concubines of their relatives, even when they are dead, along with corrupt officials shall receive penalties depending on the seriousness of the crimes." New warships for the navy are being constructed. Merchants are encouraged to trade with neighboring countries, now with the improved relations to those countries. As the news of the civil war in Majapahit reachs the ears of Emperor Tư Thành; wanting to test out the effectiveness of the navy, as well as to gather slave labor to the country, and strengthen the position of Dai Viet in Southeast Asia, an offer is made to the Majapahit ruler by Emperor Tư Thành to provide combat support from the Dai Viet navy, granted that the supplies and rations of the navy must be provided by Majapahit. (Mod response)
    • Maharajah Singhawikramawardhana agrees
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The Emperor interprets the Sultan’s lack of reply as a refusal to even acknowledge the Ethiopian requests and thus an automatic denial. Citing the refused ultimatum as a causes belli, the Emperor charges his brother, Amda Seyon, with leading an invasion of Yemen. The Ayutthaya ships also join the Ethiopian forces at Beri, and the Ethiopian sailors are shocked by the clear superiority of the Ayutthaya ships. Working with the Ayutthaya captains, Prince Amda Seyon formulates a plan wherein 35 dhows will support the eight Ayutthaya djongs in blockading Aden, aiming to either force the Yemeni navy into battle or to economically cripple Yemen by blockading its main port. If the Yemeni give battle, the plan is for the Ethiopian dhows to form a protective perimeter around the Ayutthaya djongs, who will use their gunpowder weapons to fire upon the Yemeni fleet. If the Yemeni fleet closes to fight, the men in the dhows will engage them in boarding actions while the djongs continue firing upon the enemy ships. All ships attempting to enter the Yemeni harbor are instead directed to Ethiopian harbors. [ALGO / MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. 15 other dhows are divided into squads to pillage the Yemeni coast and plunder coastal towns and harbors. 
  • Iceland: Sadness strikes as King Ólaf VI dies and is succeeded by his brother Domnhall VI. More funds are sent to the Latin Empire. With the Anti-Heresy league becoming more aggressive the Icelandic population becomes more Lollard. The Icelandic Trading company prepares for an exploration down Islandika. 
  • Empire of Romania: Emperor Julius expresses alarm at the spread of demonic activity across the Orthodox realm. Understanding the potential threat to the people of the Empire of Romania and Epirus, Achaea, and Thessaly, the emperor and the Imperial Senate pass the Imperial Mandate of Anti-Heresy and Witchcraft, mandating re-baptisms for all citizens and the creation of the Group of Three, a small, elite organization dedicated to rooting out demonic activity and heresy throughout the empire and beyond. The task force is led by three of Emperor Suprano’s most trusted military advisors, well versed in both military and religious theory. Government spending toward reconstruction, already on the downturn after the end of the Five Year Plan drops by over one half, with a newfound focus on security. A reserve force of 3,000 men is called up, and armaments ordered from Venice to equip them with the latest military technology.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Pleased with the Byzantine capitulation on the matter of the Island of Karpathos, Emperor Suprano officially reaches out to the leadership of the Order of Bari, congratulating them on the reclamation of their home island and offering the promised financial support in reconstruction. The senior leadership of the Order are invited to Athens to participate in the annual Coronation Day celebration, where the Order’s rich history and work toward the progress of Catholicism will be lauded and celebrated. It is hoped that this will be a key first step in a close relationship between the Empire of Romania and the Order of Bari. Several monks from the Order are also invited to come to Romania to assist in the implementation of the Imperial Mandate of Anti-Heresy and Witchcraft, given a critical shortage of religious leaders to perform baptisms, exorcisms, and other important tasks in the spiritual war.
      • The Order of Bari helps in cracking down on Witches.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Following the recent increases in reports of demonic and vampiric activity across Wallachia and Dobruja, the Group of Three finds similar reports coming from regions within Epirus and Achaea, specifically in the island of Corfu and areas around the cities of Nicopolis and Patras. Emperor Suprano requests that the Group of Three be allowed to investigate these reports in Epirus and Achaea and report their findings to the Pope in Rome. The presence of several senior monks from the Order of Bari are also requested for this expedition, to assist with potential anti-demonic actions and advise the task force. Julius Suprano stresses to the leaderships of Epirus and Achaea that the incursion will be limited to around 60 men, divided into three groups of 20 each, tiny number that will be limited to mostly observatory actions.
      • They are very successful at this.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Emperor Suprano Requests to purchase 5,000 halberds, 2,000 bucklers, 3,000 small swords and 500 arquebuses from Venice as rearmament begins and funds are made available for the military
      • Venice supplies this for the right amount of money.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Polotosk is being colonized and fully controlled, in the region area we secure people to Christianized so they accepted an area called Oka is being expaned here and colonized they sent 12,000 Polish soldiers to secure the areas and into two squads a fortress is being built here more cities are improved and led into a colonization expansion in the commonweatlh, fully understandable that Casimir IV's has been in action to investigates any case of Taborites to launch a patrol, in a discusion Elizabeth and other council in Poland fully leading the Poles to investigate in Masovia if any Taborites are here in this region. Anyway, the grand duke as interprets and raise more men the fortress is highly run by high office and more ships are built well the economy is improving a little effort is madeup more weapons is constructed a port is being establish in the sea for trades and economy relations in the north territorial a county is constructed and its main border is established. Casimir IV send envoy 11,000 soldiers to investigate against the Taborites if anyone of them are here so most of areas is fully Christianized a Polish fleet is madeup for thr trades and continue to move from trades to port Casimir IV and Elizabeth of Austria discuss about the inquistion and protect the expansion of the commonwealth Casimir IV fully ask her that many areas should be Christianized while most of areas is moderated the Polish forces task is fully in charge to secure and investigate against those heresy, some trading company became to control the port and send for an expansion exploration in the sea some men are raised well, the economy is growth up they support to  mobilise investment and private sector fully order by Casimir to the Poles force is continue to investigate against the Taborites they sent 12,000 to divided against them those areas is fullable constructable and protected under civil law across the commonweatlh the goverments work to improving the economy and the kingdom while they gain more money, and at least some news additionally boats are finish up and is raise more Casimir IV is NOT tolerate with the Taborites while the kingdom is in development and recovering.
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI and the Roman Curia welcomes Queen Katherine of Spain in the Papal States. The pontiff gives to her a Golden Rose blessed by him as a gift for her efforts to destroy clerical corruption and heresy in her Empire. Like his predecessors, Pope Anastasius VI continues to support and reinforce the Inquisition. The Pontifical Roman Press continue to spread pamphlets and wors in defense of the Catholic faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino start to work in the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino finishes the scupture of Angel Uriel and is invited by the pope to make a sculpture of Pope Anastasius V to place in the Anastasian Academy. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chape commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Many of his writtings about the year of 1470 are about the visit of Queen Katherine. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. One day, while visiting Rome, Rodrigo de Borgia meets Vannozza dei Cattanei and the two become lovers. News arrive from Florence that Lorenzo de Medici and Margaret of Habsburg had a daughter named Lucrezia Maria Romola de' Medici. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Rinaldo Orsini (Florence), Corrado Capece (Papal States) and Paolo di Campofregoso (Genoa). Pope Anastasius VI chooses as Papal Vicars: Maximilian of Habsburg (Patrimony of Saint Peter); Cardinal Corrado Capece (Benevento); Cardinal Latino Orsini (Comtat Venaissin); Alfons Malatesta y Borja, with his mother Joana de Borgia as regent (Romagna); Federico da Montefeltro (Spoleto); Ercole I d'Este (Ancona); Otaviano da Polenta (Ravenna); John of Aragon, the ex-emperors of the Latin were relocated as Lords of Frosinone (Campagna and Marittima Province).
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
  • Archbishopric of Mainz – Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. The Cardinal is concerned by this recent spike in witchcraft, and comissions some of his priest very trained in the Rennaissance methodes of study and educated in the classical phiosophies to study the matter. He also invites other reputable scholars to come to Mainz, and if they impress him, he gaurentees to employ them to pursue a study of the supernatural, to better combat it. Finally, in his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he collects his regular reports on behalf of the Emperor, and prepares to present them to the new King of Germany, shortly after his coronation. He includes in these reports notations clearly indicating several of the Emperor’s administrators who are obviously sloppy in theirrecord-keeping, and poorly managing their lands, as well as failing to enforce the Emperor’s laws. He recommends, to start the reign of the new monarch on a positive note, that he authorize the Archchancellor to remove these men from authority, and replace them with certain men of extreme competence and loyalty whom the Archchancellor has identified over the last two years. None of the people listed are of great power, upper-middle rank at most, so removing them will not rock any boats, though it will establish him as a reformer and an enemy of corruption. (Mod Response).
    • Mod response: The archchancellor considers these reforms and is intended to remove those who are careless or corrupt. but lets the Archbishop know that he would like to first discus this with members of the empire as to not upset member states.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The queen travels to Sao Tome and Principe to meet with the people there and ask them what they would need there. A fort begins being constructed in Sao Tome and Principe to protect the people from any naval invasion. The queen participates in an arm wrestling tournament with a few soldiers and suprises everyone with winning against them all. Meanwhile, in Lisboa, the royal library and University of Lisboa are renovated to include more classrooms and study halls. This increases the number of people attending the university which increases the number of people with a higer education.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: As part of the new peace between Ireland and England, Elizabeth Beaufort, the granddaughter of Edward Beaufort the claimant to the throne, is sent to England to marry Edmund of York to put the war of the roses behind them. The printing press arrives in Dublin and Waterford and is used to make some bibles. Piracy is dealt with as rising number of nathairs venture out onto the seas, quicker going into wind than most of the pirates ships.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Dai Viet's intervention in Majapahit has reached the ears of Rama Trailokanat prompting his interest in the conflict but ultimately he chooses to refrain from joining the conflict in the meantime. Ayutthaya continues to oversee the security of the Straits of Ayutthaya especially with the loss of Majapahit's forces who have been redirected south to deal with the Demak Sultanate. Tun Perak has been given orders to prepare for what may come by fortifying Ayutthaya's naval and land defenses on Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula with the Ayutthayan Navy operating cautiously in case spillover from the war reaches the region. The Penghulu Bendahari is given orders to begin prepping Ayutthaya's funds and treasury for war. Dhammazedi has returned to Ayutthaya to institute further reforms to Buddhism based off his experiences travelling across Ayutthaya.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 3,800 this year. Dogajavick grows in its permanent population as more nomads decide to settle here due to a more stable food source. Elufsker and Shamyeby continue to grow. Runby becomes the home of a shrine to Saint Peter. The shrine is made from wood and is erected by local Christians. Christians on the island number no more than about 50, and their faith has diverged quite a lot since they first arrived in the 11th century. In other news, two Things are held this year: one at Issvik, and the other at Dogajavick. At the Issvik Thing, Norse Vinlanders once more agree that they should confederalize in order to better protect themselves from the Beothuk as well as expand further under a united banner into prime hunting grounds. However, who should lead them is again undecided. Erik Hrothgarsson improves his standing amongst the Norse and inches closer to becoming their leader. His wife becomes pregnant this year and many hopes arise he will father a son. His clan hopes that a son will help him sway the Norse to his side at next year’s Thing. In Dogajavick, the Thing looks much different. This Thing includes much Beothuk and Tva celebration, heavily featuring red ochre and indigenous culture. The Thing here establishes an annual assembly for all free peoples of the land. Representatives of Shamyeby agree to swear fealty to Hjalfar. In seafaring news, Shamyeby sailors make several trips to their new outpost in Esgigeland, trading fish, furs, meats, vegetables, seeds, runic objects, and pieces of artwork with the Mi’kmaq. The new outpost is named Keathutberga. A Tva man marries a Mi’kmaq woman this year. In Shamyeby, the town grows healthily. A trade route is established and fortified between Shamyeby and Dogajavick, allowing Mi’kmaq goods to enter the latter’s markets. In Elufsker news, several men embark westward in the late spring and soon find themselves sailing down the Vestelfr (OTL St. Lawrence). The sailing is smooth. However, they are attacked at some points by unknown peoples, resulting in the death of two sailors. Eventually, the reach the lands of a people called the Iroquois.
    • Vinlandic Dip, to Iroquois: The Norse request to temporarily lodge with the Iroquois before they are ready to return home, as well as establish trading relations with them. They offer the Iroquois a gift of fish, pelts, and Norse runes and artifacts.
    • Iroquois: We accept.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": With the death of Juan of Barcelona-Leon the heir to the Spanish throne Katherine of Barcelona-Leon takes the mandate of Spainish monarch thus Jan Leonard Regnier becomes Consort King Juan Leonardo de Barcelona-Regnier. While being heir to the throne of Lotharingia, a Lotharingian king who's continuing the fighting against the liege rebellion. The Rebellion of liege only having 400 rebels armed mostly with pikes and other basic and cheap weapons such as spears made out tree branches, as the rebels aren't able to find much support in the barren forests. While in Africa, the Trade of African goods such as ivory Gold and spices continue in lands such as Etula, Shebro island and Hoebaai. This bringing wealth to the KWAC and Lotharingia, which is needed for the recovery of Lotharingia as the dammage of the franco-lotharingian war is still not fully repaired.
  • Swiss Confederacy: In response to the new accusations of witchcraft appearing in the Swiss Confederacy, Bishop of Augsburg and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy Jodok Seitz and Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis decide to set up a new clerical commission to investigate accusations of witchcraft. Some delegates from the Central Council will observe this commission to make sure the efforts against witchcraft do not get out of hand like the witch trials of Bishop of Sion André dei Benzi of Gualdo in the 1420s did, and some medical scholars from the University of Basel also join the commission in order to investigate whether accusations of witchcraft or demonic possession may just be the result of medical conditions. 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena. Hearing that King Henry VI of England is trying to reconcile with the House of Beaufort, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg writes to the English King that he agrees with the King of Ireland's suggestion for Elizabeth Beaufort (b. 1459), granddaughter of Edmund Beaufort (the former King Edward V of England) to be betrothed to Edward of York (b. 1464), the son of Henry VI. (Mod response) As the ruling house of England is now trying to reconcile with the Beauforts and thereby with Ireland, the Central Council decides to change tack and take an entirely neutral position with regards to the disputes between Ireland and Scotland for now, though they will continue to pay close attention to these. After the death of the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund II, Count Eberhard writes to his relative Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse, who is the Elector of Hesse; Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut, who has an established political alliance with the Swiss Confederacy and is the Elector of Bavaria; as well as to Wenceslaus III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, who is the Elector of Saxony, to propose for Wenceslaus III of Saxony to be a candidate to be elected the new Holy Roman Emperor instead of a fourth consecutive Premsylid. (Saxony response) (Mod response for Hesse and Bavaria) The Central Council continues to pay attention to the conflicts in northern Italy to which Swiss mercenaries have been deployed, and also continue to give fairly passive support to the League of the Public Weal in France. Domestically, the government works on improving roads and related infrastructure in the central Cantons of Schwyz, Uri, Unterwalden, Engelberg and Glarus, in order to aid the movement of traders and goods and boost the economy. The joint military of the Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the southwestern border of the nation in the Cantons of Pontarlier, Lausanne, Geneva and Sion, while those mercenaries gathered at Rapperswil Castle in the Canton of Toggenburg work on improving the fortifications of the castle and surrounding town while waiting for potential deployment to northern Italy or the British Isles. Patriarch of the Western Church Eneko Etcheverry (1405-1470) dies of a disease and is succeeded as Western Patriarch by Federico Fernández (b. 1425), head priest of the Western Church of Unterwalden in the Swiss Confederacy, who is in turn succeeded as head priest by his elder brother Humberto Fernández (b. 1422). The Central Council writes to Pope Anastasius VI to propose that the new Western Patriarch be created cardinal to replace Etcheverry. (Papal response) Catherine von Lenzburg (1400-1470), aunt of Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg and mother of Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse, dies of natural causes. Later in the year, Margaret of Gorizia (1402-1470), daughter of Sophia von Lenzburg and mother of Peter IV, Duke of Savoy, dies. Engelbert von Lenzburg and Marianne of Württemberg have their first child, a son named Ulrich VIII (b. 1470). Later in the year, Maria von Lenzburg and Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich have their first child, a daughter named Agnes (b. 1470). Francis Capet-Berry and Margaret of Bourbon have their third child, a daughter named Joan (b. 1470).
    • Saxony: Wenceslaus III of Saxony is honoured by the Count Eberhard's proposal, and will gladly accept if the other electors lend him their support.
    • Hesse approves, Bavaria rejects.
  • Roman Empire: Basileus Gregorios accedes to the Latin, Ventian, and Papal support for the restoration of the Order of Bari, but firmly occupies Naxos against invasion. Internally, the empire continues to utilize its relative trade advantage over Venice and the Latins to profit immensely, even satiating Basileus’ Gregorios’ demands for military spending. However, the Emperor is annoyed. The attempts by the Latins to undermine Roman Hegemony over Achaea and Epirus anger him greatly, to the point that he considers a military intervention. Instead he grants several captains within the Roman Merchant Navy Letters of Marque against shipping run out of the “Empire of Romania.” Captured Barbary ships are prized for this fighting as their high speed and wide beam allows them to carry significant numbers of boarders and catch vulnerable merchantmen. Internally, the financial markets of the Forum of the Ox grow dominant over all of northern Greece and compete greatly in Achaea. The Forum’s relative trade power over Athen’s smaller sector grants it significant influence. Roman merchants, who are afforded reduced taxation and thus more competitive rates in the Empire’s tributaries in Greece undermine and replace those of Venice and the few from the Latin Empire. Having come to dominate trade from the Silk Road, which largely passes through our Orthodox brothers in Georgia, the empire also possesses a great deal of valuable trade power in the east. Access to markets in Epirus and Achaea have allowed Roman merchants the ability to stop-off in friendly ports before travelling westward to sell in Ancona, Montferrat, or beyond. Thus effectively cutting Athens and Venice out of a significant segment of trade along the silk road. In Taurica, Tartars from the Golden Horde, who often come to trade with the Greek merchants, begin to be converted to Orthodoxy. These new converts also mix with the Greek and Moldavian populations to create a group of semi-nomadic horseback people in the region to the south of the Danapris River. A similar cultural group appears in the Kuban region with Greek-speaking, Orthodox Tartars becoming a significant force in the territory. This acculturation of Tartars to Greek merchant culture undermines the power of the Golden Horde in the area. These groups are largely autonomous from local control and include members of Greek, Tartar, Circassian, and Moldavian origin depending on their location, and grow renown for their skill with Ankistróploi from horseback. The Great Library of Constantinople finally officially opens this year.
    • [Mod Response, Please]: With the Latins attempting to undermine the Empire’s newfound influence in Greece Basileus Gregorios institutes a policy of isolation toward the fledgling country. Orthodox leadership in Epirus and Achaea are brought to meet with the Basileus who offers significant military and economic support in exchange for their adoption of the Byzantine Hyperpyron. He offers to send minters to their capitals, free of charge, to re-strike their treasuries into hyperpyrons.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. With the discovery that English nobles are behind the attacks on Hanseatic shipping, the Hansa pulls all trade from England until the privateers are called off. This severely impacts many English industries, particularly the cloth-making industry and flax. English ship-making abilities are confounded. This has a twofold effect seen by the end of the year: a downswing in overt piracy and an upswing in smuggling. While product is still lost to traders looking to make a lucrative mark, the violent attacks on the Hanseatic League seem to decrease noticeably. However, the Hansa intends to employ full measures to protect its trade in the North Sea. Specific names of nobles involved are released, particularly among their political opponents. Furthermore, Hanseatic privateers increase their pirate-hunting measures. Many raid English trading vessels. The Hansa's involvement in these attacks are, of course, denied. Recognizing the precarious situation in the North Sea, England is invited to peace talks in Hamburg to ensure German trade can return to England and mitigate an already-spiraling disaster in exchange for the end and punishment of English privateer action. (Mod Response Needed)
  • The Spanish Empire: With Queen Katherine's return from the Holy City of Rome, she continues to be a queen of true glory. As the Hispanic Assembly ensures administrative affairs are handled well and the municipal leaders being entrusted by Katherine to follow out the anti-corruption decrees and policies, Katherine centers a focus this year on the humanitarian efforts of maintenance within the realm. As much as the Academies of Medicine in the Empire since the age of the Great Plague had improved, it was quite clear that more needed to be done. With great swaths of income coming into the empire, Katherine sets aside a fund from the Royal Treasury to be used to employ physicians across different areas of Hispania. The Medical Academies of Genoa, Barcelona, Naples, Toledo, A Coruna, and Sevilla, Bari and Syracuse are ordered to either be constructed or remodeled from their current structures in order to be expanded upon to include facilities for care. This decree is sent about to various religious institutes across the Empire calling about nuns and women to help nurse and care for the sick. Toledo, the beating heart of both Spain and Iberia sees the first patients be cared for in the newly built care areas and against some of her advisors wishes, her majesty welcomes and even tends to the facilities ensuring they are managed as she envisioned them to be. Meanwhile, in Northern Italy, by the assistance of her uncle, a deal is struck to intervene in the conflict of Northern Italy. Unfortunately we must side against her leading relative of Modena and restore peace amongst the Latin Brothers. Queen Katherine agrees to use the might of the Spanish Armada and 18,000 men to assist Arles in stopping Modena's aggression in a war that shouldn't need to occur.

1471

The Imperial Diet has not yet chosen a new King of Germany, as electors are divided between those supporting King Henry III of Bohemia (supported by Bohemia, Brandenburg, and Cologne) and Wenceslaus III of Saxony (supported by Trier, Bavaria and Nassau). If the election turns out to be a tie, then the two candidates will become Co-Kings, as what happened between Louis IV and Frederick III.

In England, King Henry VI struggles to maintain a balence of power between the nobles, as Richard the Earl of Warwick continues to project the power of the Nevilles to undermine his authority. Henry himself wants to try to keep the magnates pinned down while he attempts to re-assert England's power abroad, which is why he had been secretly sponsoring privateers against the Hanseatic League.

In Switzerland, the inquisition of Bishop Ortlieb von Brandis proves to be very successful, and convicts over 8,000 women of Witchcraft. This was the largest witch trial in European history.

A similar situaion appears in Greece as well. The Despot of Epirus welcomes the Byzantine diplomats to discuss their economic union, and adoption of the Byzantine currency. When the diplomats arrived in Arta, however, they soon discovered many of the local population had been kidnapped and murdered, not in any political targets but seemingly random villagers. This was believed to be the work of a Satanist, Wicca cult, evidenced by the remains of sacrificed goats and blasphemous chants etched in elloquent Latin.

Shortly after the incident, the Despot of Morea suddenly announces that he will negotiate with the Romans in Constantinople, rather than allowing them into his country. However, Venitian merchants and the Order of Bari quickly spread word that these Satanist cults had been conducting murders in both nations, which they made known to both the Pope and other Italian states. The Romanian population is quick to accuse the Greek people as being responsible for this act, wich they also report to Italy.

The Majapahit Empire is able to sustain control over the island of Java, but continues to struggle against the Demak. In order to relieve the situation, Maharajah Singhawikramawardhana moves the capital of the empire to Kediri.

A revolt occurs among the common people of central Russia, who are supported by the Republic of Novgorod to depose the feudal princes and instate a merchant republic. Moscow and Smolensk leads the forces to oppose this faction.

Portuguese explorers sailing south of the equator first sights the Southern Cross constellation, the star that is positiond directly above the South Pole just like Ursa Minor is in the North.

Thomas Malory publishes a complete collection of romance stories based on Arthurian Britain, titled The Death of Arthur. It is written to be allegorical to the political situation in Britain and Europe in general, which perfectly captures the Humanist philosophy prominent at this time. It also codifies the relationship between the legendary figures of Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain, and the Holy Grail which had been floating in different continuities since the 12th century. 

  • Kingdom of Arles: The victory at Noli leads the army to rest and recuperate. Good food, beer, brandy and wine is supplied to the troops to celebrate this victory. (stability improves?) A few barrels of the best Arlean Rose Wine is sent to Savoy and the Swiss as a gift. The navy begins blockading La Spezia as we request the huge army of Spanish support to wait. (HISPAINIAN RESPONSE) Altisi becomes a general and he leads 1,000 troops to Florence in which Philippe Lowen and his 6,500 Pisan troops are encamped. A young military prodigy named Fathien Muchalio de Ross graduates from the Militarie Academie de Marseilles. He is quite small in sature but has a brilliant mind. He is sent to Noli and further taught by the great Luio Artleo, while Sebastian Belli leads the forces in Noli. A painting of young Luio Artleo leading his troops to victory in Saluzzo is painted by the royal painter and he is knighted for his valuable services. The great writer Lucas Sassingnón dies at 77 years old, an amazing feat. He is mourned by the public and buried in the Pertuis Cathedral, his hometown. Even more amazing, Lucas I has triplets, two girls and a boy named Anaïs after his sister, Fleur and Andre after his deceased son. In Lorviti, Local Bandits attack the population, raiding and killing many. The settlement barely survives, and resources from Nouvelle Digne to help boost the settlement to pre-raid numbers.
    • Pisa: the troops now totaling 7,500 slowly advance and take positions at a more easily defendable position in the forest just a few kilometres from La Spezia
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: The commonweatlh has finally continue their inquistions toward in the empire, and working in this investigate Casimir IV has finally discussed that finally that some areas will be in their control and establish more colony and Christianized them' throughout the cathedral its in on final early developments progress to establish it the economy grow up and more effort is raiseup a group of Catholics is investigate in a village of Doruchow the Catholic Poles and Lithuanians as follow the system behind those heresy to send against them, the soldiers are in service of Casimir IV's while Elizabeth of Austria secure that many duchy should be investigate in village and rural areas they intervene to main more mobilize and start talking with the villagers from the populations in an encounter, more university and schoolar is built up to release in public with major conflict that the Poles will continue the investigator across the kingdom and the empire in Eastern Europe, a region areas which isn't colonize is set to by a troops of 5,000 soldiers to Christianized them in the Volhynia part is constitute to Christianize them and investigate it, which is occurring the occupation of Casimir IV's and its principality states he leads to encourage the Christians for it more economy is continue to grow up Polostok become an eastern colony of Poland and is demand well improved more cities is establish and fortifications the Catholics as continue to spread the religion in east and in non-Christians area to grow up more population and economy more money is gave it and ships are built well. The Polish nobility was interested for this idea and many regional leader is approved by Elizabeth of Austria which to continue more work under the economic advanced this many areas where they coal mining and created a labor Polish forces Casimir IV was thought followed by public and its own monarchy continue in some year, the populations is in investigations some news stuff that The policies of religious tolerance that developed in the country, which the development grow up some areas are built and a fortifications is sent possibly more settlement is indeed worked and many more effort is doing.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: With the Yemeni fleet destroyed at the Battle of Aden, the Empire gains naval superiority in the Red Sea. The 25 ships sent to pillage the Yemeni coast are recalled to Barari and used to transport 15,000 Ethiopian soldiers across the Red Sea into Yemen, landing on the immediate opposite side of the Bab-el Mandeb straits, where they proceed to march on Aden led by Amda Seyon. The city is placed under siege, with Ethiopian ships transporting siege weapons to the 15,000 man army, consisting of 5,000 arqurbusiers and 8,000 heavy infantry along with 2,000 cavalry. The city, blockaded and cut off, is bombarded with mangonels and trebuchets, which fling flaming balls into the city to start fires as well. [ALGO NEEDED]. The blockading djongs under the Ayutthaya captains also begin bombarding the city from the sea. 
  • Iceland: King Domnhall V continues the criticism of the Anti-Heresy League. 
  • Archbishopric of Mainz: Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. Cardinal von Isenburg votes his vote in the Imperial Diet to Henry of Bohemia, to be the new King of Germany. Finally, in his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he collects his regular reports on behalf of the Emperor, and prepares to present them to the new King of Germany, shortly after his coronation. His reports include an estimation of the amount that the imperial revenue will increase, by the elimination of graft alone. It is quite impressive. He also notes that the handful of people he has recommended being replaced are widely unpopular, and not well connected. He agrees completely that nothing should be done to destabilize the empire, which is why it is best to start small when reforming. Cardinal von Isenburg decides to convene a meeting of the City Council of Mainz, to debate possibly revising the local taxes of the Electorate of Mainz. He also requests representatives from the local parishes, and prominent guildsmen, to present any specific suggestions or complaints they may have before the council. Any revision to the tax code will be made next year.
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI continues to support and reinforce the Inquisition. The Pontifical Roman Press continue to spread pamphlets and wors in defense of the Catholic faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards. After receiving reports about Satanic Cults in Latin territories in Greece, Anastasius VI orders some Inquisitors leadered by the Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa from Naples to travel there to investigate these cases. The pontiff explicitly orders that the Inquisitors will only stay in Latin controled territory and can work together with the Orthodox clerics if necessary. [MOD response for the success of the investigation, please]. With Poland-Lithuania joining the Inquisition, Pope Anastasius VI declares Cardinal Jan Długosz as Grand Inquisitor of Poland-Lithuania. The construction of te new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino start to work in the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino finishes the scupture of Angel Uriel and is invited by the pope to make a sculpture of Pope Anastasius V to place in the Anastasian Academy. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chapel commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Rodrigo de Borgia and Vannozza dei Cattanei continue with their affair. Philip of Habsburg and Luchina Della Rovere have a son named Galeotto. Another birth in the Della Rovere Family happens, when Leonardo Della Rovere and Ippolita Maria Sforza have a daughter named Isabella. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Patriarch Federico Fernández (Western Church), Ortlieb von Brandis (Swiss Confederacy), Jiří z Vašíček (Hussite Patriarch) and Neil Kinnock (Celtic Patriarch). Wishing to add more books to the Vatican colection, Pope Anastasius VI writes to the King of England asking copies of books of several authors, mainly the recently published The Death of Arthur of Thomas Malory. [MOD response needed, please]. This year, Pope Anastasius VI declares Vicent Ferrer as a Saint after many miracles attributed to Ferrer's intercession are reported.
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • The Death of Arthur is an immediate success in Italy
  • Empire of Romania: Shocked by the discoveries made in Epirus and Achaea by the Group of Three as well as independent Venetian merchants and monks from the Order of Bari, Emperor Julius moves to shut down border traffic from the two nations into Romania, fearing the spread of these Satanic movements into his own nation. 1,000 additional troops are mobilized to help secure the border. While casual travel and trade are suspended, anyone from Epirus or Achaea who wish to escape the demonic activity within their borders and start over in Athens are allowed to do so, only if they pass a rigorous religious examination set forth by the Order of Bari and pledge to renounce Satan. The Romanian bond market suffers heavily, with many bonds trading at a severe discount and high interest rates in response to the Satanist uprisings in the north and the Byzantine embargo. All new issuance is temporarily suspended until the end of this economic crisis.
    • [MOD AND PAPAL STATES RESPONSE]: Emperor Julius welcomes the Inquisition into the Empire of Romani, and calls for the Inquisition to move swiftly into Epirus and Achaea as well to help quell these Satanic cults, and suggests monitoring into the neighboring polities of Serbia, Albania, and Thessaly as well. The emperor reaches out to the Despots of Epirus and Achaea, urging cooperation with the Papal authorities to quickly quell the demonic activity within their borders.
      • Papal Diplomacy: Anastasius VI ordered some Inquisitors leadered by the Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa from Naples to travel there to investigate these cases.
      • Romanian Diplomacy: Glad the Pope has recognized the severity of the issue, the Inquisitor is escorted by the Group of Three into Epirus and Achaea to help root out and destroy the Satanist movement.
    • [MOD AND CATHOLIC NATIONS RESPONSE]: Concerned by the economic implications of the Byzantines’ economic quarantine and their use of piracy, Emperor Julius calls on Venice, who is also under economic attack by the Byzantine regime to help secure trade lanes within the Aegean and increase anti-piracy patrols. Furthermore, the emperor and the Imperial Senate officially denounce the Byzantine usage of unsavory pirates, and calls for a Catholic condemnation of what is clearly an attack on the entire faith itself.
      • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI suggests the creation of a Catholic alliance of Mediterranean nations against pirates.
      • Venice cooporates with suppressing piracy in the Aegean
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: After much deliberation, Rama Trailokanat has seen fit to take action in regards to the conflict in Majapahit and opts to send messengers to the regions of Siantar, Hasinggan, Jambi, and Dewak encouraging them to break free of Majapahit and become tributary to Ayutthaya to ensure they're independence from Majapahit is guaranteed. (Mod Response). The Mekong River border with Lan Xang is fortified on the orders Tun Perak who has seen fit to make preparations for any potential future wars against Dai Viet. Rama Trailokanat has given orders for the Temmengung to dispatch and maintain spies in Majapahit in order to observe how the war progresses and if the war could be twisted to Ayutthaya's benefit. The Penghulu Bendahari has begun instituting economic measures aimed at ensuring the smooth flow of trade in this time of turmoil for the region and has also continued with the frugal spending requested of him by Rama Trailokanat. Integration efforts of new regions proceed somewhat smoothly with only minor hiccups in regard to the cultures and people present. Efforts continue to centralize Ayutthaya's governance with Rama Trailokanat handing out titles to those worthy in the Sakdina system. A diplomatic party is sent to Hindustan requesting friendly relations between it and Ayutthaya. (Mod Response).
    • These states would apprecaite the support, but are suspicious of Siam's intensions, seeing their rapid expansion into Malaysia
    • Hindustan accepts trade and diplomacy with Siam
  • Kingdom of Portugal:The queen and her best friend celebtates their eleventh birthday this year, this time they celebrate it at the royal palace of Porto.The two portuguese explorers Pedro Escobar and Joao De Santarem Reaches a place they call Santo André (Sassandra Ivory Coast where they establish a trading post with 200 settlers. (Asked nate who said it was okay). The Queen pays a visit to the Madieras where the people are cheering at her when she and her best friend visits them.
  • Roman Empire: The supernatural events taking place in Greece and across Wallachia and Dobruja spur the Patriarch of Constantinople to launch its own anti-heretical inquisition. Patriarch Dionysius I installs Manuel Christonymos as the Church Inquisitor, to seek the source of the unnatural events and purge them. Manuel takes the task extremely seriously and assembles a small army of roughly 1,000 men, with which he travels to Epirus and begins to investigate. The Church also attempts to influence the local leadership in Dobruja, Epirus, and Morea to support this Orthodox Inquisition, which tends to target Catholics and other undesirables, offering material support. These focused investigations look for a cause to the Satanists, which local and church authorities suspect to be corrupted crypto-Catholics. Latin Satanists under the guise of the “Group of Three” are blamed en masse, with church and authority leaders distributing the news through printed and spoken word. Aside from church matters, Basileus Gregorios has a change of heart. He orders an end to state-sanctioned piracy, and enrolls the captains into the Imperial Fleet once more. However, these captains bring their light, fast ships with them, inspiring new advances in ship design and construction. In terms of trade, the empire’s naval expansion goes forward, enabling Greek merchants greater capacity to take over Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean trade. The developments in Taurica continue, the numbers and local influence of the mixed, “Kozákos,” grows steadily. The most substantial growth occurs in the Kuban area where Gotho-Greek frontiersmen mix with the Turko-Tartar population in the area. A second major area of growth is in the area of a growing settlement known as Melitopolis at the mouth of the Gerrus (Molochna) River. Thechnially in territory ruled by the Golden Horde, the town becomes a site of local trade and commerce between the Kozákos and Greek merchants. A substantial reason for this growth was the adoption of more militaristic state administration under Gregorios who’s crackdown on inefficiency and corruption prompted an exodus of roguish-types from Taurica. Also in the region, Basileus Gregorios determines to solidify Roman rule. He dissolved Trebizond and Theodoro, granting their respective rulers substantial pensions and estates within Taurica. Both families are given significant titles and valuable positions within the administration of the newly integrated territory.
    • [Papal Response Please]: Basileus Gregorios and Patriarch Dionysius I reach out to the Pope to meet regarding the upswing in cultist activity and potentially improving Catholic-Orthodox relations.
      • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI says to Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa and the others Inquisitors (most from the Dominican Order) will travel to Constantinople to meet with Basileus Gregorios and Patriarch Dionysius.
    • [Spanish Response, Please]: Basileus Gregorios, influenced by a pro-Spanish faction in the Syndikáto Empóron, sends an envoy to the Spanish Crown, seeking to formalize a trade relationship with specific points of commerce and exchange rates. He suggests that the empires designate Syracuse and Naples as the main points of commerce between the Roman and Spanish Empires where both empires shall jointly operate money exchanges and reduce taxes on each other's goods. He also offers to sign an agreement of exclusivity in trade, outlawing Roman commerce with Portugal and Genoa for further reduced taxes on Roman Goods in Spain.
    • [Mod Response, Please]: Basileus Gregorios sends royal marriage requests to Moldavia and Serbia seeking royal marriages for Crown Prince John (b. 1451) and Princess Irene (b. 1454) respectively. He also approaches the Despot of Epirus seeking a royal marriage for his son Prince Micheal (b. 1453).
      • Dorde of Serbia offers his daughter Marija.
      • Stephen III of Moldavia offers his son Alexandru.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. The peace talks with the pirates continue into the early months of the year. Yorkist delegations are presented with proof of their funding of privateers. As the Hanseatic League has no interest in the dynastic affairs of England, it simply wishes for the privateers to be recalled and punished, reparations made, and German trade to once again enter England's ports. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) To combat any further piracy, the Hanseatic League establishes a larger presence in Heligoland. Cannons are erected at key areas around the island, with the docks being expanded to house more ships. Though the former is ostensibly a peace burg effort, the latter is meant to expand Heligoland's importance. An offer to create Kontors in Scotland and Wales are officially requested. In Ireland, the construction of the Hanseatic port enters its final phase, as Hanseatic ships flow into the Kontor and deliver German goods to Ireland like never before. A Hanseatic surveyor arrives in Reykjavik to find good land for a Hanseatic quarter. He arrives in the spring and stays through the winter, observing what ports are usable during cold months and which are frozen over. He also uses local documents to see where would be the best place to establish this new port. By the end of the year, he has acquired a stretch of coastline he intends to call it Lundhaven - Puffin Bay - after the birds he becomes enamored with during his time in Iceland. Expeditions to the south of Mali continue this year, with the gold coast being reached and surveyed. Contact with the natives proves to be fruitful and peaceful.
    • Henry VI accepts the terms
    • Kingdom of Wales Dip: The offer from the Hanseatic League to create Kontors in Wales is gladly accepted, understanding how it would greatly increase our trade volume, strengthening the growth of our nation, who has just managed to recover from the latest war. Ideal locations such as our capital, Cardiff, the second biggest city in the realm, Caernarfon, as well as other big cities, to the likes of Aberystwyth, Cardigan, Pembroke and Swansea, are offered to the Hanseatic League, to ensure a sizable increase in trade volume, with such a reliable trade partner such as the Hanseatic League is widely considered to be.
    • Kingdom of Scotland Dip: We also agree to the setup of Hansa Kontors in Scottish cities, hoping to reap the benifits of increased trade with northern Germany and increased linkage into the North Sea trade generally. We personally recommend setting up kontors in Inverness and Edinburgh, as they are among the most important Scottish port cities.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: We once again continue to seek foreign alliances, so King Edward offers the hand of his daughter, Aoife, to an eligible male from the Danish royal family, in an attempt to secure an alliance between us and the Orbero Union to further trade in the North Sea and to ensure we continue to have allies outside of the British isles. (OREBRO RESPONSE NEEDED) We also continue to do our best to spread the printing press throughout Scotland.
  • Swiss Confederacy: Jodok Seitz, Bishop of Augsburg and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy, dies. He is succeeded as Bishop of Augsburg by Jakob Goffredi and as Cardinal by Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis. The Central Council writes to Pope Anastasius VI, suggesting that von Brandis be created the new Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy as well. (Papal response) The investigation commission against witchcraft created by von Brandis and the late Seitz makes a large number of convictions, but this draws the alarm of some other Swiss bishops, including Bishop of Sion Walter Supersaxo and Bishop of Lausanne Aymon von Lenzburg. The Central Council tries to convince the clergy to avoid burnings as much as possible, to comply with Pope Sixtus V's bill De Haeretici from c. 1404, and to avoid creating unnecessary unrest amongst the populace. Keeping the domestic populace calm as the witchcraft investigations are ongoing becomes the general focus of the government this year, as diplomats from the Central Council try to make sure the trials proceed properly and avoid the formation of riots. With regards to the election of the King of Germany, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg writes to his first cousin Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse, who had expressed support for Eberhard's proposed candidate the previous year; Eberhard encourages Hermann III to officially cast his vote as Elector of Hesse for Duke Wenceslaus III of Saxe-Wittenberg. (Mod response) At the same time, Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis writes to the Archbishop-Elector of Bremen, encouraging him to vote for the candidate from Saxony instead of having a fourth consecutive King/Emperor from the same dynasty. (Mod response) The Central Council continues to pay close attention to the various tensions occurring in the British Isles, though they seem to have calmed down somewhat, with the outright war between Ireland and Scotland the Central Council had been expecting not yet occurring. Knowing that King Henry VI of England is trying to repair relations between the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions, Count Eberhard writes to him to suggest that he restore the title of Duke of Somerset to the Beauforts that they had prior to their exile. (Mod response) The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on improving the fortifications of the city of Schwyz, where the Central Council is convened, by strengthening and expanding the city walls. Some soldiers are also sent by the Central Council to guard the locations of witchcraft trials and try to defuse any riots. 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena. The congregation of mercenaries at Rapperswil Castle in the Canton of Toggenburg is released for now as it appears tensions in the British Isles have calmed somewhat and Arles's conflict seems to be going well enough that no additional Swiss mercenaries are currently required. Konrad III, Count of Württemberg (1409-1471) dies of natural causes and is succeeded as Count by his son Eberhard V (b. 1441), who is currently unmarried. Jónina Sturlungur (1405-1471), wife of the late Frederick of Habsburg and sister of former King Andrés Heinrich I of Iceland, former Count Gustav of Savoy and current Prince Eiríkur of Finland, dies of a disease. Godfrey Courtenay and Isabel Neville have their first child, a son named John (b. 1471).
    • King Henry VI restores the title of Duke of Somerset to the Beuforts.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": King godfried health which has been on the decline for five years already is now on his last breath, Godfried being an old man in his 60s. Godfrieds life being centered around minimising the damage that had been done by his father Feinsan of Regnier Lotharingen, King of Lotharingia, Italy and Germany, Emperor of Romans, who disgraced Lotharingia and the Regniers. Godfried trying to use diplomacy, trade and Marriage such as having his son and heir to the throne John educated in Hesse. Godfired also betrothing John Leonard to the heir of the Spanish throne, Katherine having married John and become queen of Spain. This slowing down the tensions slightly between the kwac and the Spanish West Africa Company, as their governments are less hostile to each other. Thus the KWAC begins to invest more into their actual warehouses and holdings, such as Etula, Hoekbaai en Congo Bay.
  • Kingdom of Wales: King Edmund, as a personality of high intellect, noticing the recently published collection of romance stories by the reknown author Thomas Malory, titled The Death of Arthur, immediately responds by claiming that his realm, Wales, to be the birth place of the fabled King Arthur and other legendary figures, collectively referred to as The Knights of the Round Table, such as Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain and Sir Galahad, as such their admirable legacy belongs exclusively to our realm, both culturally speaking and through our common ancestry. The census that places our population at 556,000 people is used for administrative and tax purposes. The works on our capital's defenses are finally finished, the result is very noticable, Cardiff's walls and other fortifications now stand firmer than ever. making the city as impenetrable as possible. The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon prove to be commercial successes, continue circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. The construction of the two additional Caravel type vessels, equiped with 14 light broadside cannons as well as two heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern, is finally finished, King Edmund inaugurates these two new warships, naming them "Llywelyn the Great" and "Llywelyn the Last" respectively, pairing those two vessels together, like grandfather and grandson. King Edmund finds himself cornered, he is forced to repeat the previous inauguration ceremony out of stubborness, unwilling to admit that he was drunk last time and expose himself, as such he has to promote this tradition now, so this his cover won't be blown up. Again he uses a cup of wine, toasting to the ships and throwing his cup into the water, continuing to claim this is an old tradition tracing back to Ancient Rome and Greece. Right away he orders another additional two vessels, with the same characteristic as the previous ones, Caravels equiped with the same number of cannons to be constructed. This brings our total fleet to 4 caravels, with an additional two under construction. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with a bit more success thus far, as a few more Yorkist supporting loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 3,950. Dogajavick, Elufsker, and Shamyeby expands. Issvik and Hallrberga stagnate while Runby grows. The trade post at Keathutberga is active this year as Mi’kmaq natives trade foodstuffs and artifacts with the Tvafolk. Shamyeby plans to send a large family to Keathutberga and establish a homestead there. This is not an action taken this year. The Dogajavick-Shamyeby confederacy holds a Thing this year where law is dispensed and social festivities commence. In the Norse lands, the Thing is held at Hallrberga, where Erik Hrothgarsson finally convinces the various patriarchs to be their ruler. His case is helped by the birth of a son, Erik Eriksson. Erik Hrothgarsson consolidates the Norse lands under a decentralized tribal confederacy known as Skogrfjalland. The population numbers around 900 to 1,000. Erik Hrothgarsson is upset that the Iroquois were uninterested in trade, but he is interested in establishing a trade outpost on the tip of Vestelfrland (Gaspe' Peninsula). There are now two distinct, if decentralized, states on Vinland: The Norse are under the banner of Skogrfjalland, while the Tvafolk and some Beothuk are under the banner of the Dogajavick-Shamyeby confederacy. Norse leaders are becoming envious of the agricultural lands in the extreme south of Dogajavick-Shamyeby, no longer happy with their fish. In seafaring news, sailors from Shamyeby sail around OTL New England but bad storms force them home early.
  • Chimu: The conflict is near to its end. The pakatmayo already lost a lot of units, and several members were captured and put on trial for their crimes against the Inca Empire. Many battles were fought the past few years. The Battle of Isiden, one of the key villages near Chan Chan, the capital of the former Chimu Kingdom, and now the new Inca Empire. The chimunese and the Inca military used all of the resources they could in order to win the upper hand in the conflict. Now, with the reveal of the true leader of the organization, named "Allasrikik", The conflict meets its near end with many of the troops from this organization, either decimated or captured. The Pakatmayo lost control of many Villages, like Takunis, Niskariv, Rotinva, Sein Sein and most importantly Okomatyo, one of the key locations where most of the economic resources from the Inca empire were located. The shenagánik, continued with its secret black operations, and they managed to captured 4 important high rank members of this organization. Viracocha's quarantine is lifted for one day per week, so he can attend political and territorial affairs. The conflict continues and it's near its climax.
  • Dai Viet: 15,000 men are provided with warships to prepare for a naval invasion of the Demak. These ships starting in Cam Ranh port shall be guided by a Majapahit ship to direct them to the position of the Demak Sultanate. Upon arriving there Majapahit ships are asked to blockading the main port of Demak as Dai Viet ships will do a landing operation to invade the Demak Sultanate. Trading ships to the Demak Sultanate are required to be redirect to Majapahit ports instead. Dai Viet's Mong Dongs and Majapahit's djongs equipped with cannons and cetbangs shall shoot the enemy ships that are in the way. Rations are fully supplied by Majapahit so the Vietnamese army ought not to worry about the lack of suppiles even when mainland Dai Viet is very distant. 15,000 Vietnamese men along with whatever number of Majapahit infantry has shall invade and siege the capital Bintara. (Mod Response or Possible Algo, combatants are Majapahit and Demak). Meanwhile, on the mainland, renovations and construction of several small temples and palaces are made. The Emperor continues encouraging people to migrate south and Lan Xang for reclaimation of virgin soil there as done in the north. The rest of army is put on guard against possible threats.
    • Lan Xang: The King continues to encourage the reclamation of virgin soil. He allows portions of the Vietnamese migration in the country as it can add more manpower to the country. Queen Thao Quốc gives birth to a baby girl who is named Moukdavanyh.

1472

Having reached a stalemate in the election of the new King of Germany, the Imperial Diet decides to make Wenceslas of Saxony and Henry of Bohemia Co-Kings, while Henry defers the title of emperor over to Wenceslas, should he seek it.

A local rebellion in Yorkshire erupts against King Henry VI, led by someone known as "Robin of Redesdale", possibly a pseudonym for a dissatisfied noble.

A large shipment of Byzantine money being sent to Epirus is attacked by Satanist cultists, who attempt to steal the gold but are ultimately driven back by the Byzantines. The Orthodox Inquisition succeeds at disposing dozens of reported cases of demonic activity and witches in Transylvania, but none of them have any connection to these recent two incidents. The Despot of Eprius, in great haste, declares he has no knowledge of where this activity comes from.

After the withdraw of sanctioned piracy from Emperor Gregory, one single pirate named Laurentius Priapas (ATL character) attempts to attack the Latin Empire anyway, hoping to seize the opportunity of prestigue. He is defeated and his ship is confiscated by the Order of Bari.

After importing The Death of Arthur into Rome, interest in Arthurian literature explodes across the Italian peninsula. Many new churches being built decide to include iconography of the Round Table and the Holy Grail, as Arthur is considered one of the Nine Worthies of Christianity.

As Lotharingia's trading company sets up trading posts along the coast of Africa, many nearby tribes offers to set them up in a lucrative slave trade, purchasing African people from other tribal kingdoms.

The Majapahit Empire continues to fight against Demak with support of Vietnam, but in the process loses control over parts of central Sumatra.

War continues to break out across the Rus states as Novgorod brings the forces of Vladimir and Tver against the forces of Moscow, Smolensk and Ryazan.

Afansey Nikitin of Tver leaves Russia at this point, and goes on a long trek across Central Asia through the Tartary as a merchant.

The Duchies of Austria become united again under Duke Stephen Arpad. He is the first to assert Austria's sovereignty in opposition to the domination of the King of Hungary. Meanwhile, Hungary loses most of its control over Wallachia after the successful campaigns of Vlad the Impaler.

In Lotharingia, the city council of Amsterdam bans snowball fights. (This is OTL).

Leonardo Da Vinci at this point qualifies for joining a guild of artists in Florence, where he is listed as among the "master artists" of the city. Elsewhere in Italy, many medieval works of mathematics and astronomy are being printed for the first time and published.

But Europe is not the only producer of literature. In Texcoco, Nezahualcoyotl publishes a collection of Nahuatl poetry.

  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: With the conflict in Majapahit reaching its Sumatra territories, envoys are sent to the breakaway Sumatra territories to offer them tributary status under Ayutthaya. (Mod Response). Rama Trailokanat has also decided to refrain from any active involvement in Majapahit's affairs for the time being and chooses instead to focus on Ayutthaya's domestic situation economically and politically. In Malacca, there are Muslim protest against the government to request that Ayutthaya contributes aid to Demak mush to the dismay of the royal government who are forced to raise some men in the region to help police it against any potential unrest that might occur. The Orang Besar face problems implementing administrative measures in Prome and Sumatra forcing Rama Trailokanat to resolve the situation by requesting that locals whether they be commoners or not are sent to Ayutthayan institutions to be educated and fill out the ranks of the Orang Besar assigned to these regions. Dhammazedi travels at the request of Rama Trailokanat to Ayutthayan Sumatra in order to help convert or least pacify the local Muslim populations with Pasai sending its own members of the clergy to help keep the peace as well. Ayutthayan naval ports are erected on Sumatra to help reinforce Ayutthaya's control over the Straits of Ayutthaya as well as serving as shipyards for warships. The craftsman of Ayutthaya continue limited production of arquebus leading to Tun Perak creating a small group of troops to train with the weapon and they also produce the cetbang. The Ayutthayan Navy maintains its defensive posture at the news of Dai Viet-Majapahit naval operations which could possibly spill over into Ayutthayan held regions. Tun Perak also continues with the construction of fortifcations and defenses along the Mekong river but takes effort to show that no hostile action is intended and that these are simply precautionary measures. The Penghulu Bendahari has implemented measures to secure food and wealth for future use by holding minute portions from taxes in reserves or stockpiles scattered across Ayutthaya.
    • Jambi will give tribute to Ayutthaya in exchange for access to the strait
  • Iceland: King Domnhall V begins a trade system between Iceland and Greenland. We ask that Cardinal Secretary Ari Sturlungur visits Iceland for the first time in five decades. (Papal Response Needed). Hermanos of Corinth is sent more funds. The Regency Council offers the Yorkshire rebellion 2,000 troops and resources. (Mod response needed).
    • Papal Diplomacy: Cardinal-Secretary Ari Sturlungur travels to Iceland in a brief visit.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: The inquistor is discussing with the king of Poland known as Casimir IV he would lead him to stop witchcraft and any kind of heresy movement in cities and village in the commonweatlh Casimir IV continue to expansion his vassal and more construction is made up more ships is well developed and continue to rise the outpost is finally became a trade colony in the north to administrative the reign of it, while more cities is being modernizing and growup more population and economy is advancing well the port is officially purchased they sent soldiers in there, to keep and mobilize asking by the order with the conflict against the heresy the inquistor is forced to sent them in any village or proof that if there's cultist or people who confess with the devil, more scholar is built up and the cathedral is finally constructed that take many year to finish the activist of Casimir led to a serious conditions major problem Polotosk is also mobilizing and patrolled even, in poland the poles nobility has a interesting discussion with Casimir IV to take effort that the catholic should still strong and gain more power, agricultural and social progress is doing well more content are discover and finally sell to market for merchants and ships in the trade route and takes many portions and purchase them a defensive moment is being made and take effort the tradeport is being active more building is in construction so far, Casimir IV is continue support more and arts is improving more gallery is made and museums also they produce more weapons for it, contribution social is still happening the trade has reserved taxes and many agriculture foods while the ships are still being social and sometimely hostile from traffic more men are being sent for the investigations' and more cities is establish more states and administered by the govermenents also constructed fortifications and defense among the river and Poland's side for protection of the kingdom and across Poland and Lithuania to contribute trades and social link via to the river, with the movements the expansion region being controlled and continue to grow up and more progression.
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI continues to support and reinforce the Inquisition. The Pontifical Roman Press continue to spread pamphlets and works in defense of the Catholic faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards. Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa from Naples and his fellow Dominican Inquisitors continue with the investigations about the Satanic cults in the Greek territories. After some investigations, they propose that these Satanic Cults can be related to Luciferians (Lucifer's worshipers) that fled from Western Europe due to the rise of the Catholic Inquisition. They consider that during their rituals, they use Latin texts used by Ancient Romans in their pagans rituals. Grand Inquisitor Carafa considers that Taborites and extreme radical Lollards can be involved with this sudden rise of the Satanism, by giving the Luciferians protection in their communities. The results of the Inquisition's investigation are sent to the Emperor Julius and to Basileus Gregorios. [Romania and Byzantium response needed, please]. The construction of te new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino finishes the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory, this year they start to paint the great fresco named "Victory of the Rosary". Marco Bronzino finishes the scupture of Pope Anastasius V and it is place in the Anastasian Academy. Piero della Francesca starts the great fresco "Miracle of the Flowers". In this fresco, Piero della Francesca will paint the moment of this miracle. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chapel commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Rodrigo de Borgia and Vannozza dei Cattanei continue with their affair. Philip of Habsburg and Luchina Della Rovere have a son named Carlos. News arrive from Florence saying that Lorenzo de Medici and Margaret of Habsburg had a son named Piero. The Holy Father agrees with the Central Council of the Swiss Confederacy and Cardinal Ortlieb von Brandis is chosen as Grand Inquisitor.
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Anastasius' evidence is considered and the envoy told to thank the Pope for his assistance. However Roman efforts to root out heresy continue.
  • Empire of Romania: With the cultist situation in the neighboring states spiraling out of control and citing Byzantine inexperience and their failure to identify the deviant Taborite and Lollard communities as the centers for these demonic cults, Emperor Julius orders the Group of Three to begin military operations against said communities shown to be sheltering Luciferians by the Papal investigation. The Group of Three returns to Epirus and Achaea, this time with 4,000 Romanian troops and 40 monks from the Order of Bari. With the Pope’s blessing, Grand Inquisitor Olivierno Carafa is appointed Grand Inquisitor of Romania, and his 15 experienced enforcers distributed through the Group of Three to provide critical training and religious guidance to the mostly green Romanian troops. Over 600 heretics are executed - although they are hanged, as Emperor Julius had previously signed an edict forbidding the use of fire as a method of execution - and dozens arrested and shipped off to Rome. One of the heretics arrested is unexpectedly the Despot of Epirus, who was found with heretical and borderline Satanic reading material found in his home in Arta, as well as letters expressing sympathy to the Lollard community. Without a proper replacement for the Despot, and little time to properly vet available candidates, Grand Inquisitor Carafa directly takes over administrative duties of Epirus, although Arta city administrator Theodoros Christoforou is designated as the future Despot once this crisis has passed. Despite these cults being within Orthodox areas, a non-insignificant number of Catholic cultists and Luciferians are found alongside Orthodox heretics. Interrogation reveals that some of these individuals had fled Romania during the civil war and hoped to establish themselves in the looser-governed Despotates of Epirus and Achaea, while others were Catholics fleeing the inquisition in the Swiss Confederacy from Central Europe. The Byzantine forces in the area are told to return home, or face the risk of showing they support the cults in the area - and in private conversations, Emperor Julius and the inner circle believe the Byzantines will, not willing to risk war with the Catholic realm, comply and withdraw their military presence, especially given the proximity of Epirus to Athens and the fact that much of these operations were already underway by the time word reached Constantinople. Given the failure of the Orthodox inquisition to properly identify and deal with the source of the Satanic cults, it is expected that the local Orthodox population will if not welcome, begrudgingly accept the Catholic inquisition as a necessity to purge a joint enemy of both Catholics and Orthodox. Emperor Julius delivers a scathing speech in Athens, pointing out the fact that the Byzantines had added Epirus and Achaea to their spheres of influence after the Latin Civil War, yet had allowed these hives of heresy and Satanist activity to remain unchecked for many years. He also draws a connection between the illegal Byzantine-sponsored pirates, who attacked the Order of Bari this year and were defeated, bringing up questions on why Byzantine-affiliated forces are attacking peaceful Catholic religious orders. The emperor lauds the swift actions of the Pope and Grand Inquisitor Carafa in dealing a fatal blow to these anti-Christian cults and declares that victory is within sight.
    • [SWISS CONFEDERACY RESPONSE]: Given the Swiss Confederacy’s recent experience in dealing with Satanists and their successful inquisition, Emperor Julius invites the Confederacy to send experienced priests to assist with operations in Epirus and Achaea.
    • Swiss diplomacy: Ortlieb von Brandis, Bishop of Chur and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy, sends about half a dozen priests that were on his witchcraft commission to aid the similar operations in the Latin Empire.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Basileus Gregorios, outraged by the Latin's intervention in Roman Tributaries, demands the withdrawal of Latin military forces.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 4,075. Dogajavick, Elufsker, Shamyeby, Hallrberga grow this year. The trade post at Keathutberga is active once more, and a homestead is established by Svend Osmundsson near the outpost.
    • Skogrfjalland: The Norse population rises. The 1472 Thing decides that there will be an elective monarchy, whereby the body of patriarchs and village elders will gather when each confederal chief dies and elect a new one. The capital is declared as whichever city the reigning chieftain lives in. The Thing also crafts a legal code based on their ancestral Scandinavian laws. Erik Hrothgarsson sends out an expedition of men to establish a trade post in Vestelfrland. The men sail for a few days and reach OTL Gaspe, where they spend time erecting a building. The local Mi’kmaq initially mistake them for Tvafolk, but when they realize they are a different people, they become wary. The Norse erect their outpost and try to reach out to the Mi’kmaq but to no avail. Some men stay behind to maintain the outpost while others return to Skogrfjalland for the winter. In technological news, the few smithies left on the island, mostly in Elufsker, are the center for the crude metallurgy. A few swords are smelted.
    • Dogajavick-Shamyeby: The population rises. By this year, the trade route between Dogajavick and Shamyeby has become easily identifiable and well traversed. The port of Shamyeby is now a wooden structure frequented by longboats to and from Keathutberga. Dogajavick seafarers think about setting up a trade outpost in an island (OTL Prince Edward Island) they have encountered a few times southwest of Shamyeby. Local Mi’kmaq refer to it as Abegweit. However, other seafarers propose an outpost in Vestelfrland in order to compete with the Norse. Hjalfar himself considers petitioning the Mi’kmaq of the Esgigeoag tribe for an alliance, and perhaps a confederal union down the line. In technological news, several longboats are constructed this year.
    • Beothuk: The Beothuk are predominant in the center of the island. They are mostly hunter-gatherers. They hear about the centralization of the Norse folk and their cousins. In response, there are rumblings among the Beothuk families of a need to confederalize as well, however communication is difficult due to the low population density.
  • Roman Empire: 1472 is a year of celebration in the Capital. Two royal weddings occur. Crown Prince John weds Marija of Serbia and Bulgaria, and Princess Irene weds Alexandru of Moldavia. The attempt on the minters’ convoy leads to a formal secular investigation and support for the inquisition. 4,000 Imperial Soldiers are placed under the command of Church Inquisitor Manuel Christonymos who embarks on indiscriminate persecution and abuse of suspected Catholic Satanists. Specifically targeted by the Inquisitor are the “Group of Three” who he believes to be working against God. The year turns into a bloodbath as Catholics, heretics, and minorities are arbitrarily accused by townsfolk and put to death by the inquisition. Casualty estimates will later report anywhere between 3,000 and 12,000 killed. Catholic immigrants from the west are targeted for their presumed satanist connections, resulting in the executions of several hundred recently arrived Latin, Venetian, and other merchants. These attacks follow from the Pope’s own evidence, as well as political motivation from within the Roman Empire. The developments in Taurica continue, the numbers and local influence of the Kozákos, grows steadily.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The Santo Andre trade post in theIvory Coast grows steadily with plans of making it a colony already in the works. Several Portuguese ships dock there with trade goods from Europe to be sold to the natives and potentially Mali. (MALI RESPONSE NEEDED). The profits from these trading missions are used to fund the other colonies while also improving them. The queen and her best friend, Amalia, celebrate their 12th bithday together - this time in Lisboa. The Portuguese explorer, João Vaz Corte-Real, gets lost on the ocean and sights a coast he calls Bacalao (OTL possibly Newfoundland - actually might have happened this year. (Permission by nate). He draws a map of the shore but can't find his way back to it after arriving back in Portugal.
  • Kingdom of Arles: Lucas I decides to send one last decisive blow to the Modenans. The navy continues barraging the port at La Spezia while another 2,000 troops are sent to the Pisan base near La Spezia, bringing the total to 9,500. These forces are led by Altisi Anjou-Lenzburg and Philippe Lowen. In western Sahara, Nouvelle Digne is becoming more prosperous by the day. The currently 9,000 residents there are satisfied. An expedition is sent to Mali to gift them some gold and Rose wine. (MALI RESPONSE). Crop yields this year drop, but this is made up for by the increase in the production of Rose Wine. Lucas I chooses to hold an art exhibition and famous artists around Europe are invited to take part. (mod response to how it goes)(optional response if you have artists). We start making a prototype of the Culverin. The economy is improved.
    • Pisa: The 9,500 strong force led by the experienced Philippe Lowen push toward La Spezia. Intelligence is gathered, and soon it is obvious that only about 1,500 troops are stationed there. We bombard the city with siege weapons, then surrounding and assaulting the city. work is started on expanding the left wing of the University of Pisa and the economy is improved. (ALGO NEEDED).
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. The Hanseatic League has been responsible for defusing a number of close calls that could have easily led to war simply with the power of her pocketbook and navy. The fortifications around Cuxhaven and Heligoland are expanded, stoneworks rising ever higher to defend the coastline of the entrance to the North Sea and the Baltic. The North Sea is quickly becoming safer by the day, allowing goods to flood into Dublin and now as far away as Reykjavik. The Kontor in Bergen sees extensive renovations as both the British Isles and, to a certain degree, Norway are used as halfway points for ships on long journeys or for convoys to unload mass amounts of cargo. This cargo is either picked up by Hanseatic traders or by traders from the Kontors' host country. The Welsh's generous offer is applauded by the Hanseatic traders, who are as eager as the Welshman are to trade with them. Swansea is seen as the most convenient spot for sea-based trade. The Hansa pays for the land needed for the docks and warehouses and send some surveyors to begin work. The Scottish invitation to establish a Kontor in Edinburgh is also met with excitement. As is the case in Wales, gold is exchanged for land to establish ports and warehouses. Construction in Edinburgh goes by a little bit faster in Edinburgh due to proximity and necessity, though that is not to say the construction of the Welsh Kontor is not progressing at a slow rate. In Iceland, Lundhaven sees the first of its ports well underway as well. Due to the new shipping lanes in Mali, exotic African goods make their way into Hanseatic ports, which in turn are sold throughout Europe. The Malinese accepted Hanseatic trade deals to break monopolies in Europe and that is precisely what it intends to do. However, with competition from Portugal (an unknown and non-German entity) and Lotharingia (an ally, yet a powerful one at that), along with potential pirates in the area, lead to the Hanseatic League issuing the Heligoland Accord: a stipend from the government for any captain willing to accompany convoys to protect them and to carry goods themselves. Crewmembers are famously left out of this agreement, causing some friction and even a mutiny or two. In Germany, the Hanseatic League intends to create an easier way of moving goods from the Mediterranean to the North Sea and the Baltic. Already, it has some trade agreements with Switzerland and good enough relations with the Papal States to do so unmolested, but in times of great change, the Hanseatic League wishes to make crossing Europe easier than ever. It requests the privilege of building a depot in Bern and a Kontor in Monaco (Swiss and Savoyard responses requested.) Finally, the Hansa recognizes Danzig's growing importance in the League. Their restlessness has led to revolt and civil war before and will again. The Hanseatic League is prepared to pay top dollar to trade partner Poland-Lithuania for the release of Royal Prussia in order to free the ethnic Germans along the Baltic coast. (Polish-Lithuanian response requested)
    • A diccusion with, the hanseatic league the king Casimir IV fully agree with it while they would accept to do it so.
    • Swiss diplomacy: The Central Council approves the Hanseatic League establishing a trade depot in Bern.
  • Swiss Confederacy: 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena, a state the Central Council has disliked ever since they overthrew the Milanese government which had friendly relations with the Swiss. At the urging of the Central Council, Bishop of Augsburg Jakob Goffredi begins to wind down the investigations and trials about witchcraft that have taken place in the Swiss Confederacy over the last two years; Bishop of Chur and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy Ortlieb von Brandis considers these efforts to have been a success against Satanism and other heresy. As these trials wind down, about half a dozen priests who were involved in the investigations are sent to the Latin Empire to aid efforts against Satanism and other heresy there. As a result of this exchange with the Latin Empire, Swiss bishops are outraged when they hear of the violence that has been committed there against Catholics by Byzantine forces, leading Grand Inquisitor Ortlieb von Brandis and Bishop of Lausanne Aymon von Lenzburg to write to Pope Anastasius VI, urging him to condemn the anti-Catholic violence. (Papal response) Scholars from the University of Basel accompanying the investigative commission in Switzerland determine that some alleged cases of witchcraft or demonic possession were actually caused by medical conditions, leading to some accused being spared. The Central Council continues to try to limit the number of burnings being undertaken by clergy investigating witchcraft, sending some soldiers of the joint military to oversee trials to enforce this. Diplomats from the government continue to pacify civilians to limit panic over the witchcraft accusations and avoid riots. Other domestic efforts undertaken by the government during this time include improvements of roads in the large Cantons of Bern, Lucerne, Sion and Fribourg, with the goal of aiding trade and the movement of goods, thereby boosting the economy. Upon hearing of the result of the royal election of Germany, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg encourages his relative Duke Wenceslaus III of Saxe-Wittenberg, Co-King of Germany, to seek to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor. (Saxony response) Hearing of the popularity of The Death of Arthur in Italy, the Bern Library and the University of Basel write to Roman libraries, seeking to have copies of these books brought to the Swiss Confederacy. (Papal response) The Central Council continues to pay close attention to the various tensions in the British Isles, especially those between Ireland and Scotland, which they are surprised have not sprung into outright war yet. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the northeastern border of the nation in the Cantons of Sargans, Montfort, Augsburg, Kempten and Salem. Constance von Lenzburg (1428-1472), sister of Count Eberhard and wife of King Edmund of Wales, dies in Wales of a disease, and Count Eberhard attends her funeral. Francis Capet, Duke of Berry and Margaret Bourbon have their fourth child, a son named Philip (b. 1472). Later in the year, Engelbert von Lenzburg and Marianne of Württemberg have their second child, a daughter named Ida (b. 1472).
  • Archbishopric of Mainz – Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. Cardinal von Isenburg expresses his congratulations to both Wenceslas of Saxony and Henry of Bohemia, swearing to serve their interests loyally, and to raise the office of the King of Germany to greater and greater prestige and power. In his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he presents his regular reports the new co-kings. His reports indicate a steady rise in imperial revenue, as his increased oversight has reduced graft and mismanagement. He expects further increases over the next year, and intends to continue to implement more direct supervision of the Chancelleries of the Empire, strengthening the direct control of the king over the desparat Imperial Imperial immediacies. The City Council of Mainz, after much debate, put forward a proposal of tax reforms which all the representatives could agree on, which would benefit to some degree the merchant class and peasant class, while not overly favoring any one side, or cutting into the traditional rights of the nobles and church.
  • 'Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di"' No more snowball fights in amsterdam, as the town government bans the activity. This being a result of many people getting injured and some even killed by snowballs,as it often leads to very growded situations and very big snowball fights. One death being that of Godfried of Regnier King of Lotharingia, Duke of Brabant, Moselle, Overmaas and Frisia, Count Luxembourg, Holland, Flanders, Namur, Loon and Zeeland, the ruler of Lotharingia for one half century. Godfried seeing a great change in policy of Lotharingia from aggresive emperorship to mercantile friendship toward the empire. Thus now Jan Leonard Regnier is crowned in the Berghuische as Rex Lothari, Duke of Brabant, Moselle, Overmaas and Frisia, Count Luxembourg, Holland, Flanders, Namur, Loon and Zeeland, while also allready being king consort of Spain. King John being the fith in his dynasty to bear the name, and one of the best educated kings, as John Leonard was educate at the royal court of hesse. 
  • Dai Viet: The Emperor remakes the steps of the Hội exams. There are five phases: The first one is eight topics on the Four Books (四書) (four topics on the Analects, four on the Mencius), the examinee gets to pick four out of those eight. About the Five Annals (五經), each annals has three topics and the examinee gets to pick one each, particularly the Spring and Autumn Annals has two topics but has to be merged into one essay. The second is the test of the abilities to compose text accordingly. The third one is the poetry exams, testing the examinee the ability to compose poems in the seven words-eight sentences (七言八句) forms. The fourth one is the test of judgement of examinees, asking about the difference between the Four Books and the Five Annals as well as judging the previous emperors' policies. The fifth ones are Mathematics exams. The Trạng nguyên (Zhuangyuan 狀元, first placed), Bảng nhãn (榜眼, runners-up) and Thám hoa (探花 - third placed) shall be promoted accordingly. He also warned the mandarins to love the people, severely punish the greed, revive the customs, encourage agriculture and leeves, if they are being lazy then the police will investigate, arrest them and sent to exile in Quang Nam. The Cham and Lao people living in Dai Viet have to Vietnameseize their names; they are allowed have a name that has only three words long. As an effort to help Majapahit to finish their issues in Demak so they can pacify rebel forces in Sumatra, an additional of 5,000 men are sent to aid the Majapahit forces in Demak. The rest of the Dai Viet navy is tasked to maintain sercurity in the Eastern sea, the trading market that heavily benefits the Dai Viet economy.
    • Lan Xang: Vietnamese experts are sent to Lan Xang to further help the government in the progress of irrigation and reclaming virgin soil for cultivation.
  • Empire of Japan: The discovery this year of another island to the east prompts a wide array of criticism going all the way back to the homeland. While usually not an issue, the next island (Attu Island OTL) brings about the issue of wasting money on exploratory voyages. This issue starts a rumbling in the Sapporo Zaibatsu which always being the most lightweight of the Zaibatsu, looks for a way to get ahead of the curve and outpace the more profitable southern Zaibatsu. A captain on his way home for leave in Hokkaido happens upon the information that the Tachibana and Sapporo Zaibatsu have struck a deal to embark on a long ranging exploratory voyage. The impetus behind this lies in the eventual large profits comming out of northern expedition. Hayanari Tachibana, and the Sapporo Zaibatsu having put out an order for an experienced captain to assemble a crew, approach the naval officer. It is an unusual affair as they approached him at his home in full view of his family. The offer proposed is a risky one, but Captain Guy Yamamoto accepts it earnestly. The attempt to assemble a crew is put off as insane. However, Guy takes a long look and pushes to the south arriving in Kyoto in the middle of the year. He sees his admiral, who is curious as to why he is back in Kyoto rather than his family. He puts in a series of strange requests which cues in the Admiral as to what is going on. Admiral Hisashi Nagase is let in on the plan and in a twist of fate, the Admiral authorizes the release of the captain's own ship. The Swift Wind is released, a ship well built to handle weather. She is used to the storms and uncertainties of the open Pacific, a Great War Junk. It is something that will obviously be missed, but the Admiral's coverage will stall insight for the time being. Until the voyage, the Ship is holed up in the Osaka Harbor awaiting "maintenance". The Ships crew is granted alongside the ship. As the months wear on Captain Guy manages to secure the support of four more smaller ships. Independent tradesman, looking make their fortune sign onto the expedition. A mixture of medium and large scale tradeships, they are well accustomed to making runs along the Azuma Islands seas, and the long voyage to Ayyutuhaya and Indochina. As the collections for ships end the charting the need for supply begins looking on to the next year. The home economy continues to advance as the Zaibatsu now finally begin to regain their full strength, the full flow of trade now comming back to full. As a result of the Ouchi debacle the Generalty falls out of politics consolidating their power among the armies. The Admiralty, however, encouraged by its successes is able to get two permanent representatives put into the Imperial Diet surprising many. Regardless of this the Admiralty is more concerned with maintaining their new position rather than picking sides in the Diet and either abstain or vote on unanimous proposals and ones that will help them. The Emperor seeing issue with the current power structure and noticing a trend in history of a lack of power balance causing civil conflict in Japan, turns to his generals. He courts them and secures their support relativelyt quickly. He then begins courting multiple members of the Noble houses of Japan looking to the future as he tries to prevent the Diet from attaining too much freedom.
  • Duchy of Saxony: Duke Wenceslaus becomes co-king of Germany with Henry of Bohemia. The two kings meet to congratulate each other and discuss their plans to rule Germany. After much deliberation, and with encouragement from the Count of Lenzburg, Wenceslaus accepts the title of Holy Roman Emperor if it is still alright with Henry. Celebrations occur in the Duchy of Saxony to honour the Duke's election. A huge portrait of an imagined scene showing Wenceslaus shaking hands with Henry of Bohemia is painted. Wenceslaus III thanks all those who supported him during the election, including the Swiss Confederacy, expressing that he is eternally grateful, and will consider them his friends in years to come. He also thanks the Archbishop of Mainz for his efforts to strengthen the Empire.
    • Haneatic Diplomacy: Simon Burkhart and his son Johannes celebrate the ascension of Wenceslaus and Henry, attending their coronations. A small, decorative ship is pulled on wheels into Saxony, which is presented as a gift, along with some marzipan: a delicacy from Lübeck.
  • The Spanish Empire: With Queen Katherine if Spain and now, Queen-Consort of Lotharingia, now settled in her throne, she begins to oversee the campaign efforts against the violent rulership of Modena with a lead-up to a siege on Alessandria if the battle of Tortona succeeds. 16,000 Spanish Forces engage with the Modenese Military with one of the leaders being none other than what had already been declared as the true Duke of Modena, a contested ruler, Leonardo Della Rovere, Husband to the current daughter of the acclaimed Duke of Modena. Della Rovere and Commander Diego Velazquez cook up a plan to envelope the forces of Modena forcing them into the river at the end of the town and by doing so, crushing the army. This flanking maneuver uses the bulk of the cavalry to swoop in from the sides while the main regiment focuses on first unloading long arrows before proceeding to use a mixture of grenades and cannons unrelentingly contributing to the tearing of defenses as well if any are present. Beyond this, the well supplied armies would organize themselves to charge and drive inward into the bulk of the Modenese forces by following through with the cavalry using swords and rifles to tear down the men that remain to fight. [Algo Needed]. Those that refuse to surrender would be pushed back into the river as well as any commanders being captured at the end of the battle. Outside of Northern Italy, with a new trade arrangement being struck with the Romans, the Empire's Markets - especially those of Sicily - bloom in Taranto and Bari but Naples as well. The expansion of Nueva Zamora continues as more land is cultivated for the further increase in both sugar as well as trade.
  • Kingdom of Wales: King Edmund decides that a Welsh version of the The Death of Arthur book is desperately required to rectify historical truths, therefore he enlists the help of the reknowned Welsh poet, Lewys Glyn Cothi, to start working on developing a historically accurate version of the The Death of Arthur, considering the one published by the English author Thomas Malory to be full of intentional inaccuracies, presenting King Arthur, the wizard Merlin and other legendary figures, collectively referred to as The Knights of the Round Table, such as Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain and Sir Galahad, as Englishman, something completely false. Additionally the identification of Logres as England, Camelot as Winchester, Astolat as Guildford and the presentation of the false narrative that the Saxons where a group of foreign invaders, unrelated to the "Celtic" English people is purely slanderous and a complete distortion of history. Lewys Glyn Cothi version of King Arthur's epic tale is going to be titled as the King Arthur, the Progenitor of Wales. The census that places our population at 556,000 people is used for administrative and tax purposes. The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon have proven to be commercial successes, continue circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. Given how many success the recently constructed vessels had, King Edmund is determined to standardize this process of equiping all future Welsh Navy warhips with both light broadside cannons and heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern, the number of which would depend on the vessel's size, brings it into act by signing a royal decree. Construction of the another additional two Caravels continues. This brings our total fleet to 4 caravels, with an additional two under construction. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with a bit more success thus far, as a few more Yorkist supporting loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm.

1473

With Wenceslas III of Saxony accepting the title of Emperor, the matter goes to the Pope whether to officially have him crowned. The princes of Aachen accept the current political order under the Saxon emperor, even with much politics of the empire at this point is under the inflence of a Czech dynasty.

The current chaos in Greece causes the attempted Orthodox inquisition to quickly turn into an unexpected massacre. The Latin forces arrive to the Papal request of an inquisition in Epirus is suddenly attacked and driven out of Arta by the Byzantine imperials. At the Massacre of Arta, caused in part by both armies of inquisators, a total of 3,600 civilians are killed, most of which are Catholic Greek and Italians with a few hundred Orthodox heretics as well.

Among the casualties are a dozen monks from the Order of Bari, and the Despot of Epirus himself. News of this event reaches Rome, comparing the "Orthodox Inquisition" with that of the Medieval Massacre of the Latins.

In England, the former King Edward V dies in Somerset. His son Edward Beaufort begins gathering political support to push his own agenda to revoke the earlier agreement of rapproachment, and his own claim to the throne of England. Among his main support at this time is the Earl of Warwick, and his marriage ties in the Holy Roman Empire.

The Demak Sultanate collapses with the capture of Bintara by Majapahit forces supported by Vietnam. They nominally retain control over Sumatra, but concede to the economic concessions of Jambi to Siam.

Smolensk, Moscow and Ryazan continue to struggle in fighting against the centralization of Novgorod.

James II of Cyprus dies, and is succeeded by his son who is King James III. However, he is only a baby and power over the Crusader Kingdom is given to his Venetian mother, Catherine.

In Nuremburg, Conrad Paumenn becomes the most well-known composer and organist in Germany, due to being able to compose and perform music even while being blind from birth.

The first completed printed copy of Avicenna's work on medicine is published in Modena.

In Krakow, John Cantius develops the medieval theory of Impetus, that objects move due to an outside affect on it.

William Caxton sets up an office of printing in England, and publishes a copy of The Real History of Troy, the first book published in the English language.

  • Roman Empire: Hearing of the massacre at Arta and the Latin attempts at influence, Basileus Gregorios demands action. He raises an army of 15,000 men and marches to rendezvous with the 5,000 imperial soldiers already in Epirus. Upon arriving he systematically executed any known Latin officials, expelled all Papal officials not involved with the day-to-day management of Catholic churches, and establishes a military government for the region. In Ioannina, the Epurite Capital, he and Church Inquisitor Manuel Christonymos appeal to the public in their mother tongue to cast out any Catholic conspirators and to report their malfeasance to local, church, or Roman authorities. His words also denounce the Latins, Venetians, and Papacy for interference in the Orthodox Faith and Greek society. He then marches south through Thessaly to the border of Neopatria, a client of the Latin Empire where he orders the construction of a string of fortifications and checkpoints, forcibly closing the border and ceasing all out-bound trade from Latin merchants. As the former Despot of Epirus, Manuel of Epirus, leaves only a young son, Alexander, as an heir the boy is taken to Constantinople for his safety and education. In Thessaly the Catholic nobility is forcibly evicted, their property seized, and the territory annexed. Back in the Empire, Prince John raises an additional 3,000 men and marches for Gallipoli where he begins constructing an artillery emplacement to deny access to the Sea of Marmara to Venetian ships should they attempt to sail for Constantinople.
    • [Secret Mod Response]:A shrewder man than his father, Prince John orders Roman informant and spy networks in Morea and Attica to attempt to discover the root of the attacks. He specifically instructs them to investigate the activities of Latin merchants, officials, and religious figures who are suspected of interference.
  • Kingdom of Wales: Lewys Glyn Cothi finalizes his work, titled King Arthur, the Progenitor of Wales, greatly aided through his efforts by King Edmund's patronage. The census that places our population at 556,000 people is used for administrative and tax purposes. The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon have proven to be commercial successes, continue circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. Given how many success the recently constructed vessels had, King Edmund is determined to standardize this process of equiping all future Welsh Navy warhips with both light broadside cannons and heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern, the number of which would depend on the vessel's size, brings it into act by signing a royal decree. Construction of the another additional two Caravels continues. This brings our total fleet to 4 caravels, with an additional two under construction. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with a bit more success thus far, as a few more Yorkist supporting loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm. With the resounding commercial success that the introduction of Guttenberg's printing press had on our realm, King Edmund is rather eager to persue other such projects to strengthen his realm, lately his attention falls unto the silk-weaving technology, that has been recently introduced into Western Europe, the French cities of Lyon and Beziers were the first that this exquisite technology that allows the production of such fine silk clothing appered. Given our good relations with the Kingdom of France and most of continental Europe, we request that they share this magnificent technology with us, using our contacts and friends to go directly to their guilds and offer a considerable ammount of money to procure this fascinating technology of silk weaving. (Mod Response)
    • The King of France doesn't directly have control over it, but he is willing to more freely regulate the Silk trade going to Wales
  • Kingdom of Arles: Lucas I decides to push towards La Spezia again. The troops near La Spezia are reformed and consolidated. 3,000 troops are sent on ships to surround La Spezia from the sea. Another 2,000 troops are sent to the Pisan base. The economy is improved. Sir Luio Artleo passes away this year and is mourned.
    • Pisa: 2,000 more troops reach the Pisan base. With the total force numbering about 10,000, Philippe Lowen orders another assault. Altisi leads the charge. Siege weapons destroy the walls of La Spezia.(ALGO NEEDED)
  • Dai Viet: With the victory at Demak, the Emperor is extreamly pleased as the position of the Dai Viet navy is heavily increased. The effectiveness of the Dai Viet warships is proven to be very high. A letter is sent to the Singhawikramawardhana requesting Dai Viet ought to be rewarded handsomely due to their contribution to the war. It also stated to offer the marriage between Prince Girindrawardhana of Majapahit and Princess Thanh Toại of Dai Viet. (Mod Response). Depending on whatever Majapahit response with the situation in Sumatra, Dai Viet will chose whether or not to support Majapahit. Demak prisoners of war are transported to be exiled in Southern Dai Viet for the need of manpower to reclam virgin soil there to make land for cultivation, in which they are monitored by regional mandarins. The rest of the remaining Vietnamese troops shall return to Dai Viet while the standing army pacifies small ethinic minorities revolts in the North.
    • Lan Xang: With help of Vietnamese experts, irrigation systems as well as plantations are upgraded decently. A renovation of the Royal Palace is conducted. Buddhism continues to be promoted across the country.
    • Marriage accepted
  • Iceland: The king prepares a journey from Greenland to Vinland and then Vinland to down below Islandika. More funds go to Greece to go into war coffers.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: Having defeated the Yemeni attempt to sally out and break the Ethiopian siege of Aden, the Imperial forces continue the siege into Year Three. [ALGO NEEDED]. The Princess Nyala strikes up a friendship with the Princess Borgia, with both sharing a love of Ethiopian flora and fauna. The Princesses often spend time in Princess Nyala’s private arboretum and animal collection, eating picnics amongst the various exotic birds, mammals and more. This is much to the chagrin of the Empress Dowager Sofia, who resents the growing influence of Princess Borgia and attempts to strip her of influence by ignoring any noble who interacts with her. However despite these attempts the Princess Borgia uses her youth, beauty and charm to win over numerous Ethiopian aristocrats and nobles. This is in contrast to the aging Empress Dowager Sofia, who has grown irritable and increasingly tired as she grows older. Despite the resentment between the two, many note the similarities shared by the two women, with many seeing Princess Borgia as a younger version of the Empress Dowager Sofia. With Aden completely blockaded by Ethiopian and Ayutthaya ships, the ports of Ethiopia see a massive influx of trade as merchants who previously stopped at Aden now stop at Ethiopian ports. To encourage these merchants to make the new route permanent, the Emperor Tewodros, upon advice from his Minister of Trade, temporarily halves the docking fees and tribute that merchants must pay to stop at Ethiopian harbors. The Emperor also oversees the final touches to the Hall of Champions, a massive marble plaza containing two Greco-Roman Churches on opposite sides of a massive pool, with the statues of dead emperor lining the pool on both sides. Only one side remains finished, however, so that future emperors may be added to the Hall. Among the Emperors who warranted statues are Amda Seyon the Magnificent and Tewodros the Great. . 
  • Savoy: Shocked at the chaos in the Latin Empire, Peter IV starts to convince the league for a crusade in Greece. (Anti-Heresy League Response). 
    • The Anti-Heresy League is willing to help, with the Pope's blessing.
    • Papal diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI give his blessings to this military operation.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: More expansion is under construction, in the reign of Casimir IV the economy grows up. Yet more laws are established and the investigator of inquistion is still happening and continue more city is constructed, the cathedral its in its final construction at moment and open public a gallery is new added with the help of the trade batlic the population growup more improvement effort and more men raised, in this actual point Polotosk becoming a colony tradeport for supplies and productions, by wise the inquistor discusses with Casimir IV that more areas should be christianized which the Polish fleet would soon start this in many villages and sea. More fortifications are built up, and the Polish or Lithuanian nobility is very in development and such more businesses Casimir IV has improved the effort of the commonweatlh tradepost is very well active and much more progressing en route a canal is being up in constructions in the Baltic Sea with the help of the builder Polish and a discussion is made of development, power and reign with Casimir IV. more built is up and trade is still working on it while more effort is made up and casimir iv is currently diccusing with the inquistor for more investigator later. A letter is sent to convince the empire for the crusade in Greece to protect the nations's Catholics and the rest of Europe to gain more protections, with a discussion with Casimir IV to help the Latin empire (Latin Reponse)  
    • Romania Diplomacy: Emperor Julius thanks King Casimir IV, and would welcome any support against the Byzantine Orthodox aggressors.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Basileus Gregorios denounces the Lithuanian decision to endorse a crusade as an affront to Christendom itself. He also reminds the Duke that Roman soldiers have not deployed beyond the borders of the Roman Empire or its tributaries, and that only illegal tresspassers currently face punishment. 
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI is horrified with the massacres caused by the Greek Orthodox and denounces them as arbitrary acts of violence that only serves to protect the true heretics and Satanists. The pope calls all Catholic nations to repudiate the violence and to send help to the Catholics being opressed in the East. Anastasius VI also declares a papal embargo over trade between Catholics and Byzantium. If the Greeks desire to isolate themselves, nothing more fair than leaving them alone and taking Catholic money with us. The pope exhorts the the great seamen and merchants of Catholic Europe to find new ways of reaching the East, whithout needing to ask for crumbs from the Monsters of Byzantium. Using the report of Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa, some members of the Inquisition in Rome spreads the opinion that Taborites are part of the Luciferianism and that their version of the Bible is perverted and was made under Satan's influence. Letters with this idea are sent to all Inquisitions across Europe, asking them to double efforts against these Satanists. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino finishes the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continues to paint the great fresco named "Victory of the Rosary". Piero della Francesca continues to paint the great fresco "Miracle of the Flowers" in the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chapel commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. With the persecution of Catholics by the Greek Orthodox, Giuliano Della Rovere writes a brief text where he compares these mass assassination of Latins with the Diocletianic Persecutions, to the point of refer to Basileus Gregorios as "Basileus Diocletianus II". In the text that is named "The Satanic Byzantium", he says that these Greeks don't deserve to use the heritage of the Great Constantine. All the time in his text, Giuliano refers to the population of Byzantium's territories as "Byzantines" rather than Romans. Soon after its publication, the text becomes popular across the Papal States and the word "Byzantine" becomes popular to refer to the people of Byzantium. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Rodrigo de Borgia and Vannozza dei Cattanei continue with their affair. Philip of Habsburg and Luchina Della Rovere have a son named Sisto. From Florence arrive news that Lorenzo de Medici and Margaret of Habsburg had a daughter named Maddalena. A birth also happens in the Borgia Family, with Adriana del Mila and Ludovico Orsini Migliorati having a son named Orsino. The Holy Father will crown Wenceslas III of Saxony as Roman Emperor, but the pope asks him to continue the support that the last Emperors gave to the Inquisition and the Association of Missionaries and Preachers [Saxony response needed, please]. As requested by the Central Council, a copy of The Death of Arthur is sent to the Swiss Confederacy.
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Saxony: Wenceslaus is only too happy to continue supporting the good work of the Inquisition and the Association.
  • Empire of Romania: Shocked by the Byzantine support of Satanist movements and protection of said guilty parties, as well as the unnecessary bloodshed within their borders of over 50,000 Catholics, Emperor Julius personally travels to Rome to request the Pope call for a Crusade against the heretical Byzantine aggressors. The emperor thanks Spain, Lithuania, Saxony, and countless other nations who have already pledged their support. Some within the empire and Imperial Senate even call for a complete genocide of the Byzantine people ala the war against Benjamin in the Book of Judges, which Emperor Julius quickly quells. Many also begin to believe that Basileus Gregorios is indeed the seven-headed beast described by Saint John in the Book of Revelations. Beyond military intervention, Emperor Julius also recommends a total and complete embargo of Byzantine trade by the Catholic realm - or at least what is left of it, given most merchants have already started avoiding Byzantine ports after the massacre of thousands of innocent merchants in Constantinople and other regions of the heretical nation. The Long Walls, under construction for many years, are finally completed, and efforts are made to reinforce Athens’ defenses and food stockpiles.
    • [MOD, SPANISH, AUVERGNE AND SWISS RESPONSE]: Grand Inquisitor Carafa miraculously survives the Byzantine genocide and returns to Athens. He quickly travels to Rome where he presents his findings and then Venice, Naples, Florence, the Swiss Confederacy, Denmark, Spain, and Auvergne. The bodies of the 18 slain monks of the Order of Bari travel with him, shocking royal courts and Catholic across the continent. In each court he asks that the nation defend their Catholic brothers from systemic murder and push back the Byzantine aggressors who have attacked the earthly instruments of God Himself. It is hoped Venice will be especially eager, given the literal murder of thousands of Venetians by the Byzantines.
    • Swiss diplomacy: Outraged at the violence committed against Catholic monks and the danger the Swiss priests who travelled to Greece were put into, the Central Council offers the Latin Empire the use of 3,000 (partially subsidised) mercenaries, though another nation like Venice or the Papal States would have to supply the ships to get these mercenaries to the Latin Empire.
    • Arles Diplomavy: We offer to supply ships.
    • Venice and Florence both support Romania
    • Papal diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI agrees with Emperor Julius and officialy calls for a military operation to defend the Catholics being oppressed by the Greek Orthodox and to organize a proper Inquisition. 7,000 men from the Papal Army are sent, with 10 galleys. The Elders of the Republic of Ancona also want to help and send 2,500 mercenaries and 5 galleys.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: The defeat of Demak by Majapahit brings interest to Rama Trailokanat who remains concerned by the instability of Majapahit and its growing closeness to Dai Viet. Seeking to find a reliable trade partner and ally, diplomatic overtures are made to the Kingdom of Blambangan requesting friendly relations for the time being. (Mod Response). Blambangan traders are provided some favoritism in order to cultivate a possible alliance in the future should Majapahit side with Dai Viet in potential future wars. Diplomatic envoys are also dispatched to the Pagaruyung Kingdom on the southwestern side of Sumatra requesting that they become tributary to Ayutthaya. (Mod Response). Ayutthayan control over the Straits of Ayutthaya are tightened to ensure that none who would attempt to challenge or attack Ayutthaya are permitted through with no kingdoms being restricted so far. Hang Tuah is ordered to launch an aggressive campaign with the Ayutthayan Navy to stamp out piracy that has only grown in the absence of Majapahit from the region. The construction of fortifications along the Mekong river are only continued with the Khmer Kingdom being encouraged to do the same along the highlands on the Khmer-Champa border. The integration of Aru, Indragiri, Prome, and western Lan Xang are continued with the Orang Besar assigned to these regions receiving those who had undergone training to be officials that were natives to these regions. The Penghulu Bendahari reports that control over the Straits of Ayutthaya have led to an increased income from trade taxes which is put to good use funding infrastructure development and maintenance across Ayutthaya with a priority focus being on recently acquired regions to better integrate them into Ayutthaya. Dhammazedi has taken over the duties as tutor to Borommarachathirat III educating him in Buddhism and assisting in his other studies. Rama Trailokanat is blessed with another male child who he names Ramabithodi II as of this year. Ayutthaya continues to promote Buddhism across its holdings but takes care not to be aggressive in its campaign out of fear of offending the Muslim populations under or in Ayutthaya. Gifts of silk, ivory, and other items are sent to the tributary rulers of Trengganu and Pahang in the Malay Peninsula to show that their loyalty has not been forgotten.
    • Blambagan and Sumatra improves relations
  • Empire of Japan: As the situation develops within the Tachibana and Sapporo Zaibatsu, a crisis of funding comes across as a key backer of the expedition, the Tachibana and their significant funds, force a quiet withdraw. This is much to the annoyance of Captain Guy Yamamoto who instead turns to the free traders and fur rangers of the northern region arriving in Sakhalin early in the year. He cobbles together a group of enterprising fur tradesman who do not stand by the northern Zaibatsu. In exchange for some participation and funding, these groups agree. However this is not enough and the Captain begins planning on a trip to the Tachibana lords to try to bring them back into the fold. Development in Fort Koba runs at a fever pitch as its port facilities expand and a large quarter for the navy is set up to help house and logistically handle the supply weight of the fleet in the region. this also prompts the families of some of these sailors to arrive in the settlement which brings the population of Appari to grow a bit as well. After many years of development and lacking the population for labor of the homeland, the Province of Manzhu finishes its great roadway network which extends to Aimoi, Nahodki, all the way to the Japanese-Korean border settlements and forts, and finally a riverside roadway extending all the way to Amuraji officially linking the two cities on a safe and maintained road. It is seen as a logistical triumph for the region as efforts to tame the land have been hardgoing and less than easy. As a result of over a century of settlement and integration with the empire, the Province of Manzhu being the most attractive of the two direct Manchurian provinces, hosts the lions share of the settlement. Boasting upwards of 600,000 people, with rough plurality with the local manchus, The region has truly begun to produce for the Empire. Agricultural yields go up year by year as farms become much more established and prosperous. Mining of metals like tin and copper have started to grow a bit larger and even a quarry for limestone and porcelain stone. While procelain making has only lightly taken off thanks to a group of Chinese expatriates establishing themselves decades ago in Japan, its growth in Manzhu and Amuraji provinces has been unfounded. It is a growing and important product comming out of the region and its high quality and value is obvious to the buyers down down. A clearly Japanese influenced form of porcelain begins to come out of the Empire with japanese script, art, and patterns starting to stand independently of the chinese styled porcelain. While in no means a competitor for the porcelain giant that is China, the Japanese porcelain becomes an attractive style that many further south begin to purchase as well. After close living and cooperation in some of the joint towns north of Aimoi and Nahodki, the Manchus and Japanese have continued to blend together further. The relatively quiet temperament of the Manchus since their settlement in the region has not gone unnoticed and their loyalty to the leader who kept them safe is just as surprising. As a result, the Manchu lands while scattered throughout Manzhu and Amuraji, are large, and by far not unproductive. Their agriculture produces heavily, and their demand for finished goods from the cities has further integrated them within Japanese society. Loan words begin to become common between the two groups and to the north even the Vassal Manchu Khanate begins to emulate Japanese court practices and even sends an envoy to the emperor requesting that as a "member of the empire, and loyal taxpayer of the aristocracy, he deserves as seat at the table." While many look to the arrival of three Manchu representatives to the diet with annoyance and trepidation of "barbarians" sitting at the discussion table with them, the Emperor wholeheartedly agrees to the concept seeking to 1) achieve their loyalty, and 2) further integrate them within the empire proper rather than a vassal tributary state.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Frustrated by the Beaufort's going back on their word to make up with King Henry VI and Warwick's own rebellion, the Parliament of Ireland decides to honour their agreement with King Henry VI and offers him our full support in his conflict with the oath breakers. (Mod or England response). Forces are concentrated at Cork with continued construction of the nathair.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: As Caliph Ahmad III prepares the next step in his grand scheme, Grand Vizier Al-Najm II rallies the armies of the Caliphate. Scribed by the jurist Sohali an early morning, the Caliph spoke, "The Great Caliphate of Ifriqiya has been restored with the power of God, and God shall strengthen the Caliphate's struggle against the heretics of the north and the illegitimate of the eastern river". The Black Pearl, a pirate company under the direction of Grand Vizier Al-Najm II, begin mass-raiding along the trade routes in Aegea and the Eastern Mediterranean. The Bedoin army, large in their capacity, are scattered throughout the Caliphate, maintaining the Caliph's control over cities as well as the setting up of defenses near the Rif and Mamluk territories. The Taureg peoples are slaughtered as many Bedoin troops move southward to the city of Djelfa, expanding the reach of the Caliphate further into the great desert from where the gold of the Mali Empire resides. Meanwhile, Ibrahim 'Amr, the son of "deceased" General Muhammad al-Janann, is raised comfortably by his Ibadi uncle and aunt while former General Abdullah 'Amr 'Uthman returns from his travels in the Mali Empire, having finished his learning under the wise and elderly Djiata Agadezi.
  • Archbishopric of Mainz – Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He joins with the Pope in repudiating the violent massacre in Byzantium. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. Cardinal von Isenburg attends the coronation of Wenceslas of Saxony, and shows his reverence with a gift, and elegantly printed copy of Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, by Chrétien de Troyes. In his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he presents his regular reports the co-kings. His reports indicate that, over the last two years, his campaign against corruption has raised the imperial revenue by nearly 5%. He intends to continue, with the support of the Kings of Germany, increasing the oversight and control of the Emperor over the Imperial immediacies, to bring them more tightly into line with the will of their monarch.
  • Kingdom of Portugal:The trade with mali and the natives in Santo Andre continues to grow,with the profits being diverted to improve the conditions of the other colonies while aslo funding the expansion of he trade post in Santo Andre.Meanwhile the queen and her best friend ceebrates their 13th birthday.The royal navy begins a series of naval exercises to prepare the for future wars and also implements a series of reforms to make it easier for commanders to issue orders in a timely manner.
  • Kingdom of Maabar: Vilkhit's great infrastructure projects brings great trade to Madruai. He commissions a new Temple in Korkai. In Korkai the large hulled ships have cannons equipped on them and the forts in the north are maintained to keep them in good order. A New fort and bridge begin construction on the Kaveri. Small contingents of the royal guard are sent around to train rural farmers. Trade companies are set up in what ports will allow in the East indies.
  • Swiss Confederacy: 3,000 Swiss mercenaries travel south, where they use Arlesian and/or Papal ships to travel with those forces to aid the Latin Empire against the ruthless violence of the Byzantines. The bishops of the Swiss Confederacy condemn the violence against Catholic monks of the Massacre of Arta. As the Inquisition in Greece turns into a military conflict, the Swiss priests who travelled there flee back to Europe lest they fall victim to similar violence as at Arta. 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena, though the Central Council considers redirecting these to protect the Catholic Church in the Latin Empire. Meanwhile, the Central Council continues to pay attention to the political situation in the British Isles, particularly the renewed tensions between the ruling House of York of England and the House of Beaufort. Hearing that Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick is in a general alliance with Edward Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg proposes to arrange a marriage between Henry Beaufort (b. 1457), the son and heir of the Duke of Somerset, and Blanche Courtenay (b. 1458), the sister of Godfrey Courtenay, the heir apparent to the Earldom of Devon and the heir presumptive to the Earldom of Warwick. (Mod response) Since they would be second cousins, Count Eberhard also writes to Pope Anastasius VI to ask him to provide a dispensation for this marriage. (Papal response) The copy of The Death of Arthur sent from Rome arrives at the library of the University of Basel. The scholars at the University make further copies of the book using their printing press, and some of these are sent to the Zürich Library and Bern Library. The spread of these books in Switzerland causes Arthurian mythology to become popular amongst nobles and clergy in the nation. Having talked about this ten years ago with the then-Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund II but not having received a clear answer then, the Central Council writes to the new Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus, proposing that the County of Lenzburg be elevated to a Duchy given its political and economic importance in the Alpine region, as the Count of Lenzburg is the effective chairman of the Central Council of the Swiss Confederacy. (Saxony response) At this point, the witchcraft trials in the Swiss Confederacy have largely ceased, though the Inquisition remains active in the nation, led by Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis, Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy. Domestically, the government works on recruiting peasants to be lumberjacks in order to improve the wood production for construction, manufacture and trade, boosting the economy. The joint military of the Confederacy focuses on improving the fortifications of Zürich, the most populous city in the nation, by building new watchtowers. Bishop of Augsburg Jakob Goffredi dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Franciscan friar Ulrich Geislinger, meaning the diocese has now been represented by bishops from five different holy orders in the past fifty years (the others being the Carmelites, the Order of Divine Mercy/Mercedines, Dominicans and Premonstratensians/Norbertines). Godfrey Courtenay and Isabel Neville have their second child, a daughter named Cecily (b. 1473). Later in the year, Maria von Lenzburg and Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich, have their second child, a son named Albert V (b. 1473).
    • Marriage accepted.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI agrees and gives the marriage dispensation.
    • Saxony: Wenceslaus agrees to elevate Lenzburg to a Duchy, as this mirrors its importance, and because he is grateful for the support Lenzburg has shown his Duchy and the Empire over the years.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 4,190. Dogajavick, Elufsker, Shamyeby, Hallrberga grow this year. The trade post at Keathutberga is active once more. Osmundsson’s homestead grows by a longhouse as the family of Bjorn Svendsson moves in.
    • Skogrfjalland: The Norse population rises. The trade outpost at Vestelfrland is sacked by Gaspeaog Mi’kmaq and essentially destroyed. Erik Hrothgarsson is outraged and begins planning for another expedition. In technological news, the few smithies left on the island, mostly in Elufsker, are the center for the crude metallurgy. More swords are smelted this year, possibly in preparation for some type of conflict. Runby grows this year and becomes the center of the island’s 50-strong Christian population. A young woman named Astrid converts to Christianity. A new hamlet is founded on the edge of Norse territory and is named Ostvoll. Linguistically, a new word for the mixed race population develops: Svartfolk, which alludes to the Norse perception of them as dark and dirty.
    • Dogajavick-Shamyeby: The population rises. By this year, the trade route between Dogajavick and Shamyeby has become easily identifiable and well traversed. The port of Shamyeby is now a wooden structure frequented by longboats to and from Keathutberga. Seafarers hear of the news of the destruction of the outpost at Vestelfrland and seize upon the opportunity. Rather hastily, sailors set out from Shamyeby and land at Vestelfrland several days later, where they find the Norse ruins. The Mi’kmaq recognizes the tvafolk and are more welcoming towards them. An outpost is erected. In other news, Hjalfar begins planning to ask the Esgigeoag tribe to enter into the tribal confederacy. Hearing about the strange metallurgical actions in Skogrfjalland, Hjalfar orders the construction of new longships and bows. Dogajavick constructs a road towards the ocean in order to build a port of their own and capitalize on trade. This is begrudgingly accepted by the people of Shamyeby at the 1473 Thing.
    • Beothuk: The Beothuk are predominant in the center of the island. They are mostly hunter-gatherers. They hear about the centralization of the Norse folk and their cousins. In response, there are rumblings among the Beothuk families of a need to confederalize as well, however communication is difficult due to the low population density.
  • Novogrod-Tver(all Rus): Grand Prince Mikhail III Borisovich, conrtinues his invasion of the Princes of Ryazan, Smolesk and Moscuvy focusing first on Smolesk to prevent any possible intervention from Poland and to prevent Smolesk from joining forces with Ryazan, leading 25,000 trops to bear against Smolesk's forces. Calling on the city of Smolesk's merchants to aid. Kiev is also called to muster troops to assist and provide a distraction for Ryazan so as to prevent them from fully supporting Smolesk. The armies of Mikhail are split into a centre, a right and a left flank with the centre being mainly infantry a mix of pikemen, crossbowmen and small number of arquebuers in the mix in a 1 in 7 ratio. While the flanks are made up predominantly of cavalry made up of a mix of light and heavy calvary made up of the veteran cavalry that fought consistently against the Tartars. AN effort to envelope the flanks of the Smolesk Army care made by the harrassing cavalry. Efforts to maintrain ties and support the revolting merchants in Ryazan and Moscuvy continue. Following the Outcome the battle Mikhail III sends for Pskov to supply reinforcements atleast 4,000 and move to regroup his men to cut the remnants of the Smolesk army away from the city of Smolesk, secret envoys are sent to the Smolesk merchants and artisans to rise up against the Prince of Smolesk and to let the Novogrod-Tver troops in to realize the establishment of a merchant city. cannons are brought in in case of a siege aand also to assist in field. War Wagons are set up a defensive measure around the camps and also as a means of blockading supplies to the enemy. Kiev is ordered to continue tieing up the enemy forces and to help cut off smolesk from Rzayan and Moscuvy. An outfit of some 2,000 mercenaries is also raised in Novogrod made up of Finns, and Rus' mainly.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: With Irelands forces now concentrated in Cork, their defenses against invasion are much lowered in the Ulster region. Deciding that it is now or never, King Edward decides to, as his last great act, lead the invasion of Ireland. Gathering as many Scottish forces as possible and with the full force of the Scottish Navy supporting the landing, we kick of the invasion of ireland with a mass landing in Ulster, intending to quickly sieze and fortify the region against any potential Irish counterattack. (Algorithm needed). This force is personally lead by King Edward himself, and as we land we call upon all true Irishmen to rise in rebellion against the false king, promising vastly increased rights and privileges for them.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": King John Leonard V becoming king now mostly moves back to Lotharingia, although he does appoint a prince regent. This regent being the Lord of Aerschot Filips I van Croÿ as he is a very influencial and diplomacy oriented. His position being one needed for if John has to make voyages to spain as King consort of the kingdom, as John does not always want to be separated from his wife. Leonard bringing Hessian and Lotharingian culture to the court in Toledo as some of advisors stay in the Kingdom of Spain, these being mostly diplomats and closer friends to the king himself. The KWAC having hope but also some fear with the new king, as they want to keep the status quo in relations to the king. Meanwhile, a boom has started in Hoekbaai, Etula, Uurwald as slave trade from Congo, and the Oyo empire increases. This being partially the effect of the Oyo-KWAC compact, as slave labour is needed for the banana planting which is starting to be picked up in Sherbo Island by the Azienda du Blu.

Footnotes

Mapa de Borgia XV


MERVEILLES DV MONDE
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