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After a long trek through Asia spanning two decades, Venetian explorer Marco Polo published the compiled journal of his travels in 1295. He described in great detail the Near East, with its many castles and fortresses held by many mighty empires. He entered the Gate of Iron, through which Alexander crossed into the east millennia ago. He toured the eight kingdoms of Persia and witnessed scores of miracles and wonders, many of which he dared not publish for he felt his audiences would not believe what he wrote. He described in great detail the exploits of the great Kublai Khan, the intrigue in the Emperor's court, the sprawling landscape of Yuan China, and the massive battles that took place during his stay.

Polo named his work Livre des Merveilles du Monde - Book of the Marvels of the World. In publishing these journals, he brought knowledge of the eastern world back to Europe and vice versa. Just like that, the world got a little bit smaller. The Holy Roman Empire - locked in a state of interregnum with no end in sight - became aware of the wars of Kublai Khan. The faltering Byzantine Empire and its breakaway state of Trebizond became the subject of discussion from Lisbon to Kathmandu. The wealthy Abu Bakr II of Mali would seek to follow in Polo's footsteps, paving the way for the rise of Mansa Musa. The Kamakura Shogunate of Japan defeated wave after wave of Mongol forces while, an ocean over, Mesoamerica was still reeling from the fall of the Toltec Empire.

Merveilles du Monde is a spiritual successor to the Principia Moderni franchise. It sets the clock back to the year 1295, in the Late Middle Ages - in other words, an era of great change and great suffering - an era in which nations rose and fell - an era in which power was cemented ...

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The Game

1470

Emperor Sigismund II dies, and a new Imperial diet is called to elect the new King of Germany. Without a legitimate heir, both the Electorate of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Livonia are inherited by his nephew, Henry of Bohemia. This places Bohemia and Brandenburg back into a personal union.

With the political divsions occurring in the Yorkist dynasty, King Henry VI of England petitions Ireland to secretly work out an agreement to end the dynastic dispute between them, out of fear of him losing control over the English magnates.

The Hanseatic league uncovers that the privateers of the North Sea are being sponsored by English nobles.

The Crusader Order of Bari returns to the Island of Karpathos, while the rest of the Aegean Sea falls into the hands of the Byzantine Empire. Reports are alerted to the Emperor of the Crusader's arrival, which has crossed over into claimed territory for Rome.

A second civil war breaks out across the Majapahit Empire, as the Sultan of Demak rebels against the Maharajah Singhawikramawardhana.

As the ongoing Catholic inquisition is finding success across the Holy Roman Empire, a second wave of Witchcraft activity appears to surface across the Swiss Confederacy. Monks in Germany begin taking up a concerted study of witches and demonology, applying the Renaissance critical philosophy to this theologic problem. This rise of demonic activity is also detected among the Orthodox realm, as Vampires are being reported in the Transylvanian region spanning Hungary, Wallachia, and Dobrujah.

The Kingdom of Daju falls into disarray after King Anwar dies without a heir. In response, the Kingdom of Mankuria annexes Daju, with Mankurian King Azmera declaring himself as the "Emperor of Nubia". Meanwhile, Muslims in the former Ifat Sultanate grow in unrest.

Stephen the Great becomes leader of Moldavia, and proceeds on an expedition to seize territory from the Crimean Khanate.

Domenico da Piacenza becomes a foremost pioneer in the development of modern dancing in Florence.

In some distant corner of the Pacific Ocean, a civil war arises in the Tui Tonga Empire, in which the ancient dynasty since the 10th century is deposed.

At this point, the moveable type printing press is available to all nations in Western Europe.

French Chemist Jaquin Rousselle dedicates his book The Compound of Alchemy to the King Henry II of France.

Jacopo Bellini paints the Virgin of Humility. 

  • Kilwa: The Sultan of Kilwa, Sa'id idn al-Hassan, begins issuing coins displaying his own as well as his father's image. He also marries the daughter of the Emir of Mombasa. The Sultan begins sponsoring research into new shipbuilding techniques.
  • Dai Viet: The army went through a new recruitment and saw itself to the orginal number before the war with Ayutthaya. The Emperor visits Tay Kinh and witnesses the bumper crops there and couldn't help showing his joy by composing a poem describing the good harvest. A new law is made regarding the traditional customs as one of many society reforms Emperor Tư Thành makes stating that: "Children who are mourning for their parents, wives who are mourning for their husbands must follow the general statute of three years, and must not arbitrarily violate or violate the law. Children who mourn for their parents but first wife's is pregnant, then they are forced to be exiled. If a wife mourns her husband in an indiscriminate manner, or if she puts on a regular shirt despite not having finished attending the funeral, or has received a bride price from another person, or married to another husband, then the penalty is death. If a funeral ceremony is still happening, but one goes out to see the fun activities and keeps watching it, then he shall be punished to exile. If any man wanting greed and desires and marries the concubine of the criminals, or having affairs with concubines of their relatives, even when they are dead, along with corrupt officials shall receive penalties depending on the seriousness of the crimes." New warships for the navy are being constructed. Merchants are encouraged to trade with neighboring countries, now with the improved relations to those countries. As the news of the civil war in Majapahit reaches the ears of Emperor Tư Thành; wanting to test out the effectiveness of the navy, as well as to gather slave labor to the country, and strengthen the position of Dai Viet in Southeast Asia, an offer is made to the Majapahit ruler by Emperor Tư Thành to provide combat support from the Dai Viet navy, granted that the supplies and rations of the navy must be provided by Majapahit. (Mod response).
    • Maharajah Singhawikramawardhana agrees.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The Emperor interprets the Sultan’s lack of reply as a refusal to even acknowledge the Ethiopian requests and thus an automatic denial. Citing the refused ultimatum as a causes belli, the Emperor charges his brother, Amda Seyon, with leading an invasion of Yemen. The Ayutthaya ships also join the Ethiopian forces at Beri, and the Ethiopian sailors are shocked by the clear superiority of the Ayutthaya ships. Working with the Ayutthaya captains, Prince Amda Seyon formulates a plan wherein 35 dhows will support the eight Ayutthaya djongs in blockading Aden, aiming to either force the Yemeni navy into battle or to economically cripple Yemen by blockading its main port. If the Yemeni give battle, the plan is for the Ethiopian dhows to form a protective perimeter around the Ayutthaya djongs, who will use their gunpowder weapons to fire upon the Yemeni fleet. If the Yemeni fleet closes to fight, the men in the dhows will engage them in boarding actions while the djongs continue firing upon the enemy ships. All ships attempting to enter the Yemeni harbor are instead directed to Ethiopian harbors. [ALGO / MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. 15 other dhows are divided into squads to pillage the Yemeni coast and plunder coastal towns and harbors. 
  • Iceland: Sadness strikes as King Ólaf VI dies and is succeeded by his brother Domnhall VI. More funds are sent to the Latin Empire. With the Anti-Heresy league becoming more aggressive the Icelandic population becomes more Lollard. The Icelandic Trading company prepares for an exploration down Islandika. 
  • Empire of Romania: Emperor Julius expresses alarm at the spread of demonic activity across the Orthodox realm. Understanding the potential threat to the people of the Empire of Romania and Epirus, Achaea, and Thessaly, the emperor and the Imperial Senate pass the Imperial Mandate of Anti-Heresy and Witchcraft, mandating re-baptisms for all citizens and the creation of the Group of Three, a small, elite organization dedicated to rooting out demonic activity and heresy throughout the empire and beyond. The task force is led by three of Emperor Suprano’s most trusted military advisors, well versed in both military and religious theory. Government spending toward reconstruction, already on the downturn after the end of the Five Year Plan drops by over one half, with a newfound focus on security. A reserve force of 3,000 men is called up, and armaments ordered from Venice to equip them with the latest military technology.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Pleased with the Byzantine capitulation on the matter of the Island of Karpathos, Emperor Suprano officially reaches out to the leadership of the Order of Bari, congratulating them on the reclamation of their home island and offering the promised financial support in reconstruction. The senior leadership of the Order are invited to Athens to participate in the annual Coronation Day celebration, where the Order’s rich history and work toward the progress of Catholicism will be lauded and celebrated. It is hoped that this will be a key first step in a close relationship between the Empire of Romania and the Order of Bari. Several monks from the Order are also invited to come to Romania to assist in the implementation of the Imperial Mandate of Anti-Heresy and Witchcraft, given a critical shortage of religious leaders to perform baptisms, exorcisms, and other important tasks in the spiritual war.
      • The Order of Bari helps in cracking down on Witches.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Following the recent increases in reports of demonic and vampiric activity across Wallachia and Dobruja, the Group of Three finds similar reports coming from regions within Epirus and Achaea, specifically in the island of Corfu and areas around the cities of Nicopolis and Patras. Emperor Suprano requests that the Group of Three be allowed to investigate these reports in Epirus and Achaea and report their findings to the Pope in Rome. The presence of several senior monks from the Order of Bari are also requested for this expedition, to assist with potential anti-demonic actions and advise the task force. Julius Suprano stresses to the leaderships of Epirus and Achaea that the incursion will be limited to around 60 men, divided into three groups of 20 each, tiny number that will be limited to mostly observatory actions.
      • They are very successful at this.
    • [MOD RESPONSE]: Emperor Suprano Requests to purchase 5,000 halberds, 2,000 bucklers, 3,000 small swords and 500 arquebuses from Venice as rearmament begins and funds are made available for the military.
      • Venice supplies this for the right amount of money.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Polotosk is being colonized and fully controlled, in the region area we secure people to Christianized so they accepted an area called Oka is being expaned here and colonized they sent 12,000 Polish soldiers to secure the areas and into two squads a fortress is being built here more cities are improved and led into a colonization expansion in the commonweatlh, fully understandable that Casimir IV's has been in action to investigates any case of Taborites to launch a patrol, in a discusion Elizabeth and other council in Poland fully leading the Poles to investigate in Masovia if any Taborites are here in this region. Anyway, the grand duke as interprets and raise more men the fortress is highly run by high office and more ships are built well the economy is improving a little effort is made up more weapons sre constructed a port is being establish in the sea for trades and economy relations in the north territorial a county is constructed and its main border is established. Casimir IV send envoy 11,000 soldiers to investigate against the Taborites if anyone of them are here so most of areas is fully Christianized a Polish fleet is madeup for thr trades and continue to move from trades to port Casimir IV and Elizabeth of Austria discuss about the inquistion and protect the expansion of the commonwealth Casimir IV fully ask her that many areas should be Christianized while most of areas is moderated the Polish forces task is fully in charge to secure and investigate against those heresy, some trading company became to control the port and send for an expansion exploration in the sea some men are raised well, the economy is growth up they support to  mobilise investment and private sector fully order by Casimir to the Poles force is continue to investigate against the Taborites they sent 12,000 to divided against them those areas is fullable constructable and protected under civil law across the commonweatlh the goverments work to improving the economy and the kingdom while they gain more money, and at least some news additionally boats are finish up and is raise more Casimir IV is NOT tolerate with the Taborites while the kingdom is in development and recovering.
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI and the Roman Curia welcomes Queen Katherine of Spain in the Papal States. The pontiff gives to her a Golden Rose blessed by him as a gift for her efforts to destroy clerical corruption and heresy in her Empire. Like his predecessors, Pope Anastasius VI continues to support and reinforce the Inquisition. The Pontifical Roman Press continue to spread pamphlets and wors in defense of the Catholic faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino start to work in the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino finishes the scupture of Angel Uriel and is invited by the pope to make a sculpture of Pope Anastasius V to place in the Anastasian Academy. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chape commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Many of his writtings about the year of 1470 are about the visit of Queen Katherine. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. One day, while visiting Rome, Rodrigo de Borgia meets Vannozza dei Cattanei and the two become lovers. News arrive from Florence that Lorenzo de Medici and Margaret of Habsburg had a daughter named Lucrezia Maria Romola de' Medici. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Rinaldo Orsini (Florence), Corrado Capece (Papal States) and Paolo di Campofregoso (Genoa). Pope Anastasius VI chooses as Papal Vicars: Maximilian of Habsburg (Patrimony of Saint Peter); Cardinal Corrado Capece (Benevento); Cardinal Latino Orsini (Comtat Venaissin); Alfons Malatesta y Borja, with his mother Joana de Borgia as regent (Romagna); Federico da Montefeltro (Spoleto); Ercole I d'Este (Ancona); Otaviano da Polenta (Ravenna); John of Aragon, the ex-emperors of the Latin were relocated as Lords of Frosinone (Campagna and Marittima Province).
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
  • Archbishopric of Mainz – Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. The Cardinal is concerned by this recent spike in witchcraft, and comissions some of his priest very trained in the Rennaissance methodes of study and educated in the classical phiosophies to study the matter. He also invites other reputable scholars to come to Mainz, and if they impress him, he gaurentees to employ them to pursue a study of the supernatural, to better combat it. Finally, in his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he collects his regular reports on behalf of the Emperor, and prepares to present them to the new King of Germany, shortly after his coronation. He includes in these reports notations clearly indicating several of the Emperor’s administrators who are obviously sloppy in theirrecord-keeping, and poorly managing their lands, as well as failing to enforce the Emperor’s laws. He recommends, to start the reign of the new monarch on a positive note, that he authorize the Archchancellor to remove these men from authority, and replace them with certain men of extreme competence and loyalty whom the Archchancellor has identified over the last two years. None of the people listed are of great power, upper-middle rank at most, so removing them will not rock any boats, though it will establish him as a reformer and an enemy of corruption. (Mod Response).
    • Mod response: The archchancellor considers these reforms and is intended to remove those who are careless or corrupt. but lets the Archbishop know that he would like to first discus this with members of the empire as to not upset member states.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The queen travels to Sao Tome and Principe to meet with the people there and ask them what they would need there. A fort begins being constructed in Sao Tome and Principe to protect the people from any naval invasion. The queen participates in an arm wrestling tournament with a few soldiers and suprises everyone with winning against them all. Meanwhile, in Lisboa, the royal library and University of Lisboa are renovated to include more classrooms and study halls. This increases the number of people attending the university which increases the number of people with a higer education.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: As part of the new peace between Ireland and England, Elizabeth Beaufort, the granddaughter of Edward Beaufort the claimant to the throne, is sent to England to marry Edmund of York to put the war of the roses behind them. The printing press arrives in Dublin and Waterford and is used to make some bibles. Piracy is dealt with as rising number of nathairs venture out onto the seas, quicker going into wind than most of the pirates ships.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: Dai Viet's intervention in Majapahit has reached the ears of Rama Trailokanat prompting his interest in the conflict but ultimately he chooses to refrain from joining the conflict in the meantime. Ayutthaya continues to oversee the security of the Straits of Ayutthaya especially with the loss of Majapahit's forces who have been redirected south to deal with the Demak Sultanate. Tun Perak has been given orders to prepare for what may come by fortifying Ayutthaya's naval and land defenses on Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula with the Ayutthayan Navy operating cautiously in case spillover from the war reaches the region. The Penghulu Bendahari is given orders to begin prepping Ayutthaya's funds and treasury for war. Dhammazedi has returned to Ayutthaya to institute further reforms to Buddhism based off his experiences travelling across Ayutthaya.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 3,800 this year. Dogajavick grows in its permanent population as more nomads decide to settle here due to a more stable food source. Elufsker and Shamyeby continue to grow. Runby becomes the home of a shrine to Saint Peter. The shrine is made from wood and is erected by local Christians. Christians on the island number no more than about 50, and their faith has diverged quite a lot since they first arrived in the 11th century. In other news, two Things are held this year: one at Issvik, and the other at Dogajavick. At the Issvik Thing, Norse Vinlanders once more agree that they should confederalize in order to better protect themselves from the Beothuk as well as expand further under a united banner into prime hunting grounds. However, who should lead them is again undecided. Erik Hrothgarsson improves his standing amongst the Norse and inches closer to becoming their leader. His wife becomes pregnant this year and many hopes arise he will father a son. His clan hopes that a son will help him sway the Norse to his side at next year’s Thing. In Dogajavick, the Thing looks much different. This Thing includes much Beothuk and Tva celebration, heavily featuring red ochre and indigenous culture. The Thing here establishes an annual assembly for all free peoples of the land. Representatives of Shamyeby agree to swear fealty to Hjalfar. In seafaring news, Shamyeby sailors make several trips to their new outpost in Esgigeland, trading fish, furs, meats, vegetables, seeds, runic objects, and pieces of artwork with the Mi’kmaq. The new outpost is named Keathutberga. A Tva man marries a Mi’kmaq woman this year. In Shamyeby, the town grows healthily. A trade route is established and fortified between Shamyeby and Dogajavick, allowing Mi’kmaq goods to enter the latter’s markets. In Elufsker news, several men embark westward in the late spring and soon find themselves sailing down the Vestelfr (OTL St. Lawrence). The sailing is smooth. However, they are attacked at some points by unknown peoples, resulting in the death of two sailors. Eventually, the reach the lands of a people called the Iroquois.
    • Vinlandic Dip, to Iroquois: The Norse request to temporarily lodge with the Iroquois before they are ready to return home, as well as establish trading relations with them. They offer the Iroquois a gift of fish, pelts, and Norse runes and artifacts.
    • Iroquois: We accept.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": With the death of Juan of Barcelona-Leon the heir to the Spanish throne Katherine of Barcelona-Leon takes the mandate of Spainish monarch thus Jan Leonard Regnier becomes Consort King Juan Leonardo de Barcelona-Regnier. While being heir to the throne of Lotharingia, a Lotharingian king who's continuing the fighting against the liege rebellion. The Rebellion of liege only having 400 rebels armed mostly with pikes and other basic and cheap weapons such as spears made out tree branches, as the rebels aren't able to find much support in the barren forests. While in Africa, the Trade of African goods such as ivory Gold and spices continue in lands such as Etula, Shebro island and Hoebaai. This bringing wealth to the KWAC and Lotharingia, which is needed for the recovery of Lotharingia as the dammage of the franco-lotharingian war is still not fully repaired.
  • Swiss Confederacy: In response to the new accusations of witchcraft appearing in the Swiss Confederacy, Bishop of Augsburg and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy Jodok Seitz and Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis decide to set up a new clerical commission to investigate accusations of witchcraft. Some delegates from the Central Council will observe this commission to make sure the efforts against witchcraft do not get out of hand like the witch trials of Bishop of Sion André dei Benzi of Gualdo in the 1420s did, and some medical scholars from the University of Basel also join the commission in order to investigate whether accusations of witchcraft or demonic possession may just be the result of medical conditions. 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena. Hearing that King Henry VI of England is trying to reconcile with the House of Beaufort, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg writes to the English King that he agrees with the King of Ireland's suggestion for Elizabeth Beaufort (b. 1459), granddaughter of Edmund Beaufort (the former King Edward V of England) to be betrothed to Edward of York (b. 1464), the son of Henry VI. (Mod response) As the ruling house of England is now trying to reconcile with the Beauforts and thereby with Ireland, the Central Council decides to change tack and take an entirely neutral position with regards to the disputes between Ireland and Scotland for now, though they will continue to pay close attention to these. After the death of the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund II, Count Eberhard writes to his relative Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse, who is the Elector of Hesse; Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut, who has an established political alliance with the Swiss Confederacy and is the Elector of Bavaria; as well as to Wenceslaus III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, who is the Elector of Saxony, to propose for Wenceslaus III of Saxony to be a candidate to be elected the new Holy Roman Emperor instead of a fourth consecutive Premsylid. (Saxony response) (Mod response for Hesse and Bavaria) The Central Council continues to pay attention to the conflicts in northern Italy to which Swiss mercenaries have been deployed, and also continue to give fairly passive support to the League of the Public Weal in France. Domestically, the government works on improving roads and related infrastructure in the central Cantons of Schwyz, Uri, Unterwalden, Engelberg and Glarus, in order to aid the movement of traders and goods and boost the economy. The joint military of the Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the southwestern border of the nation in the Cantons of Pontarlier, Lausanne, Geneva and Sion, while those mercenaries gathered at Rapperswil Castle in the Canton of Toggenburg work on improving the fortifications of the castle and surrounding town while waiting for potential deployment to northern Italy or the British Isles. Patriarch of the Western Church Eneko Etcheverry (1405-1470) dies of a disease and is succeeded as Western Patriarch by Federico Fernández (b. 1425), head priest of the Western Church of Unterwalden in the Swiss Confederacy, who is in turn succeeded as head priest by his elder brother Humberto Fernández (b. 1422). The Central Council writes to Pope Anastasius VI to propose that the new Western Patriarch be created cardinal to replace Etcheverry. (Papal response) Catherine von Lenzburg (1400-1470), aunt of Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg and mother of Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse, dies of natural causes. Later in the year, Margaret of Gorizia (1402-1470), daughter of Sophia von Lenzburg and mother of Peter IV, Duke of Savoy, dies. Engelbert von Lenzburg and Marianne of Württemberg have their first child, a son named Ulrich VIII (b. 1470). Later in the year, Maria von Lenzburg and Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich have their first child, a daughter named Agnes (b. 1470). Francis Capet-Berry and Margaret of Bourbon have their third child, a daughter named Joan (b. 1470).
    • Saxony: Wenceslaus III of Saxony is honoured by the Count Eberhard's proposal, and will gladly accept if the other electors lend him their support.
    • Hesse approves, Bavaria rejects.
  • Roman Empire: Basileus Gregorios accedes to the Latin, Ventian, and Papal support for the restoration of the Order of Bari, but firmly occupies Naxos against invasion. Internally, the empire continues to utilize its relative trade advantage over Venice and the Latins to profit immensely, even satiating Basileus’ Gregorios’ demands for military spending. However, the Emperor is annoyed. The attempts by the Latins to undermine Roman Hegemony over Achaea and Epirus anger him greatly, to the point that he considers a military intervention. Instead he grants several captains within the Roman Merchant Navy Letters of Marque against shipping run out of the “Empire of Romania.” Captured Barbary ships are prized for this fighting as their high speed and wide beam allows them to carry significant numbers of boarders and catch vulnerable merchantmen. Internally, the financial markets of the Forum of the Ox grow dominant over all of northern Greece and compete greatly in Achaea. The Forum’s relative trade power over Athen’s smaller sector grants it significant influence. Roman merchants, who are afforded reduced taxation and thus more competitive rates in the Empire’s tributaries in Greece undermine and replace those of Venice and the few from the Latin Empire. Having come to dominate trade from the Silk Road, which largely passes through our Orthodox brothers in Georgia, the empire also possesses a great deal of valuable trade power in the east. Access to markets in Epirus and Achaea have allowed Roman merchants the ability to stop-off in friendly ports before travelling westward to sell in Ancona, Montferrat, or beyond. Thus effectively cutting Athens and Venice out of a significant segment of trade along the silk road. In Taurica, Tartars from the Golden Horde, who often come to trade with the Greek merchants, begin to be converted to Orthodoxy. These new converts also mix with the Greek and Moldavian populations to create a group of semi-nomadic horseback people in the region to the south of the Danapris River. A similar cultural group appears in the Kuban region with Greek-speaking, Orthodox Tartars becoming a significant force in the territory. This acculturation of Tartars to Greek merchant culture undermines the power of the Golden Horde in the area. These groups are largely autonomous from local control and include members of Greek, Tartar, Circassian, and Moldavian origin depending on their location, and grow renown for their skill with Ankistróploi from horseback. The Great Library of Constantinople finally officially opens this year.
    • [Mod Response, Please]: With the Latins attempting to undermine the Empire’s newfound influence in Greece Basileus Gregorios institutes a policy of isolation toward the fledgling country. Orthodox leadership in Epirus and Achaea are brought to meet with the Basileus who offers significant military and economic support in exchange for their adoption of the Byzantine Hyperpyron. He offers to send minters to their capitals, free of charge, to re-strike their treasuries into hyperpyrons.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. With the discovery that English nobles are behind the attacks on Hanseatic shipping, the Hansa pulls all trade from England until the privateers are called off. This severely impacts many English industries, particularly the cloth-making industry and flax. English ship-making abilities are confounded. This has a twofold effect seen by the end of the year: a downswing in overt piracy and an upswing in smuggling. While product is still lost to traders looking to make a lucrative mark, the violent attacks on the Hanseatic League seem to decrease noticeably. However, the Hansa intends to employ full measures to protect its trade in the North Sea. Specific names of nobles involved are released, particularly among their political opponents. Furthermore, Hanseatic privateers increase their pirate-hunting measures. Many raid English trading vessels. The Hansa's involvement in these attacks are, of course, denied. Recognizing the precarious situation in the North Sea, England is invited to peace talks in Hamburg to ensure German trade can return to England and mitigate an already-spiraling disaster in exchange for the end and punishment of English privateer action. (Mod Response Needed)
  • The Spanish Empire: With Queen Katherine's return from the Holy City of Rome, she continues to be a queen of true glory. As the Hispanic Assembly ensures administrative affairs are handled well and the municipal leaders being entrusted by Katherine to follow out the anti-corruption decrees and policies, Katherine centers a focus this year on the humanitarian efforts of maintenance within the realm. As much as the Academies of Medicine in the Empire since the age of the Great Plague had improved, it was quite clear that more needed to be done. With great swaths of income coming into the empire, Katherine sets aside a fund from the Royal Treasury to be used to employ physicians across different areas of Hispania. The Medical Academies of Genoa, Barcelona, Naples, Toledo, A Coruna, and Sevilla, Bari and Syracuse are ordered to either be constructed or remodeled from their current structures in order to be expanded upon to include facilities for care. This decree is sent about to various religious institutes across the Empire calling about nuns and women to help nurse and care for the sick. Toledo, the beating heart of both Spain and Iberia sees the first patients be cared for in the newly built care areas and against some of her advisors wishes, her majesty welcomes and even tends to the facilities ensuring they are managed as she envisioned them to be. Meanwhile, in Northern Italy, by the assistance of her uncle, a deal is struck to intervene in the conflict of Northern Italy. Unfortunately we must side against her leading relative of Modena and restore peace amongst the Latin Brothers. Queen Katherine agrees to use the might of the Spanish Armada and 18,000 men to assist Arles in stopping Modena's aggression in a war that shouldn't need to occur.

1471

The Imperial Diet has not yet chosen a new King of Germany, as electors are divided between those supporting King Henry III of Bohemia (supported by Bohemia, Brandenburg, and Cologne) and Wenceslaus III of Saxony (supported by Trier, Bavaria and Nassau). If the election turns out to be a tie, then the two candidates will become Co-Kings, as what happened between Louis IV and Frederick III.

In England, King Henry VI struggles to maintain a balence of power between the nobles, as Richard the Earl of Warwick continues to project the power of the Nevilles to undermine his authority. Henry himself wants to try to keep the magnates pinned down while he attempts to re-assert England's power abroad, which is why he had been secretly sponsoring privateers against the Hanseatic League.

In Switzerland, the inquisition of Bishop Ortlieb von Brandis proves to be very successful, and convicts over 8,000 women of Witchcraft. This was the largest witch trial in European history.

A similar situaion appears in Greece as well. The Despot of Epirus welcomes the Byzantine diplomats to discuss their economic union, and adoption of the Byzantine currency. When the diplomats arrived in Arta, however, they soon discovered many of the local population had been kidnapped and murdered, not in any political targets but seemingly random villagers. This was believed to be the work of a Satanist, Wicca cult, evidenced by the remains of sacrificed goats and blasphemous chants etched in elloquent Latin.

Shortly after the incident, the Despot of Morea suddenly announces that he will negotiate with the Romans in Constantinople, rather than allowing them into his country. However, Venitian merchants and the Order of Bari quickly spread word that these Satanist cults had been conducting murders in both nations, which they made known to both the Pope and other Italian states. The Romanian population is quick to accuse the Greek people as being responsible for this act, wich they also report to Italy.

The Majapahit Empire is able to sustain control over the island of Java, but continues to struggle against the Demak. In order to relieve the situation, Maharajah Singhawikramawardhana moves the capital of the empire to Kediri.

A revolt occurs among the common people of central Russia, who are supported by the Republic of Novgorod to depose the feudal princes and instate a merchant republic. Moscow and Smolensk leads the forces to oppose this faction.

Portuguese explorers sailing south of the equator first sights the Southern Cross constellation, the star that is positiond directly above the South Pole just like Ursa Minor is in the North.

Thomas Malory publishes a complete collection of romance stories based on Arthurian Britain, titled The Death of Arthur. It is written to be allegorical to the political situation in Britain and Europe in general, which perfectly captures the Humanist philosophy prominent at this time. It also codifies the relationship between the legendary figures of Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain, and the Holy Grail which had been floating in different continuities since the 12th century. 

  • Kingdom of Arles: The victory at Noli leads the army to rest and recuperate. Good food, beer, brandy and wine is supplied to the troops to celebrate this victory. (stability improves?) A few barrels of the best Arlean Rose Wine is sent to Savoy and the Swiss as a gift. The navy begins blockading La Spezia as we request the huge army of Spanish support to wait. (HISPAINIAN RESPONSE) Altisi becomes a general and he leads 1,000 troops to Florence in which Philippe Lowen and his 6,500 Pisan troops are encamped. A young military prodigy named Fathien Muchalio de Ross graduates from the Militarie Academie de Marseilles. He is quite small in sature but has a brilliant mind. He is sent to Noli and further taught by the great Luio Artleo, while Sebastian Belli leads the forces in Noli. A painting of young Luio Artleo leading his troops to victory in Saluzzo is painted by the royal painter and he is knighted for his valuable services. The great writer Lucas Sassingnón dies at 77 years old, an amazing feat. He is mourned by the public and buried in the Pertuis Cathedral, his hometown. Even more amazing, Lucas I has triplets, two girls and a boy named Anaïs after his sister, Fleur and Andre after his deceased son. In Lorviti, Local Bandits attack the population, raiding and killing many. The settlement barely survives, and resources from Nouvelle Digne to help boost the settlement to pre-raid numbers.
    • Pisa: the troops now totaling 7,500 slowly advance and take positions at a more easily defendable position in the forest just a few kilometres from La Spezia
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: The commonweatlh has finally continue their inquistions toward in the empire, and working in this investigate Casimir IV has finally discussed that finally that some areas will be in their control and establish more colony and Christianized them' throughout the cathedral its in on final early developments progress to establish it the economy grow up and more effort is raiseup a group of Catholics is investigate in a village of Doruchow the Catholic Poles and Lithuanians as follow the system behind those heresy to send against them, the soldiers are in service of Casimir IV's while Elizabeth of Austria secure that many duchy should be investigate in village and rural areas they intervene to main more mobilize and start talking with the villagers from the populations in an encounter, more university and schoolar is built up to release in public with major conflict that the Poles will continue the investigator across the kingdom and the empire in Eastern Europe, a region areas which isn't colonize is set to by a troops of 5,000 soldiers to Christianized them in the Volhynia part is constitute to Christianize them and investigate it, which is occurring the occupation of Casimir IV's and its principality states he leads to encourage the Christians for it more economy is continue to grow up Polostok become an eastern colony of Poland and is demand well improved more cities is establish and fortifications the Catholics as continue to spread the religion in east and in non-Christians area to grow up more population and economy more money is gave it and ships are built well. The Polish nobility was interested for this idea and many regional leader is approved by Elizabeth of Austria which to continue more work under the economic advanced this many areas where they coal mining and created a labor Polish forces Casimir IV was thought followed by public and its own monarchy continue in some year, the populations is in investigations some news stuff that The policies of religious tolerance that developed in the country, which the development grow up some areas are built and a fortifications is sent possibly more settlement is indeed worked and many more effort is doing.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: With the Yemeni fleet destroyed at the Battle of Aden, the Empire gains naval superiority in the Red Sea. The 25 ships sent to pillage the Yemeni coast are recalled to Barari and used to transport 15,000 Ethiopian soldiers across the Red Sea into Yemen, landing on the immediate opposite side of the Bab-el Mandeb straits, where they proceed to march on Aden led by Amda Seyon. The city is placed under siege, with Ethiopian ships transporting siege weapons to the 15,000 man army, consisting of 5,000 arqurbusiers and 8,000 heavy infantry along with 2,000 cavalry. The city, blockaded and cut off, is bombarded with mangonels and trebuchets, which fling flaming balls into the city to start fires as well. [ALGO NEEDED]. The blockading djongs under the Ayutthaya captains also begin bombarding the city from the sea. 
  • Iceland: King Domnhall V continues the criticism of the Anti-Heresy League. 
  • Archbishopric of Mainz: Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. Cardinal von Isenburg votes his vote in the Imperial Diet to Henry of Bohemia, to be the new King of Germany. Finally, in his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he collects his regular reports on behalf of the Emperor, and prepares to present them to the new King of Germany, shortly after his coronation. His reports include an estimation of the amount that the imperial revenue will increase, by the elimination of graft alone. It is quite impressive. He also notes that the handful of people he has recommended being replaced are widely unpopular, and not well connected. He agrees completely that nothing should be done to destabilize the empire, which is why it is best to start small when reforming. Cardinal von Isenburg decides to convene a meeting of the City Council of Mainz, to debate possibly revising the local taxes of the Electorate of Mainz. He also requests representatives from the local parishes, and prominent guildsmen, to present any specific suggestions or complaints they may have before the council. Any revision to the tax code will be made next year.
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI continues to support and reinforce the Inquisition. The Pontifical Roman Press continue to spread pamphlets and wors in defense of the Catholic faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards. After receiving reports about Satanic Cults in Latin territories in Greece, Anastasius VI orders some Inquisitors leadered by the Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa from Naples to travel there to investigate these cases. The pontiff explicitly orders that the Inquisitors will only stay in Latin controled territory and can work together with the Orthodox clerics if necessary. [MOD response for the success of the investigation, please]. With Poland-Lithuania joining the Inquisition, Pope Anastasius VI declares Cardinal Jan Długosz as Grand Inquisitor of Poland-Lithuania. The construction of te new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino start to work in the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory. Marco Bronzino finishes the scupture of Angel Uriel and is invited by the pope to make a sculpture of Pope Anastasius V to place in the Anastasian Academy. Piero della Francesca continues to paint the frescos about the apparitions, the greatest of the frescos will show the Miracle of the Flowers and will occupy an entire wall. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chapel commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Rodrigo de Borgia and Vannozza dei Cattanei continue with their affair. Philip of Habsburg and Luchina Della Rovere have a son named Galeotto. Another birth in the Della Rovere Family happens, when Leonardo Della Rovere and Ippolita Maria Sforza have a daughter named Isabella. The Holy Father creates as cardinals Patriarch Federico Fernández (Western Church), Ortlieb von Brandis (Swiss Confederacy), Jiří z Vašíček (Hussite Patriarch) and Neil Kinnock (Celtic Patriarch). Wishing to add more books to the Vatican colection, Pope Anastasius VI writes to the King of England asking copies of books of several authors, mainly the recently published The Death of Arthur of Thomas Malory. [MOD response needed, please]. This year, Pope Anastasius VI declares Vicent Ferrer as a Saint after many miracles attributed to Ferrer's intercession are reported.
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • The Death of Arthur is an immediate success in Italy
  • Empire of Romania: Shocked by the discoveries made in Epirus and Achaea by the Group of Three as well as independent Venetian merchants and monks from the Order of Bari, Emperor Julius moves to shut down border traffic from the two nations into Romania, fearing the spread of these Satanic movements into his own nation. 1,000 additional troops are mobilized to help secure the border. While casual travel and trade are suspended, anyone from Epirus or Achaea who wish to escape the demonic activity within their borders and start over in Athens are allowed to do so, only if they pass a rigorous religious examination set forth by the Order of Bari and pledge to renounce Satan. The Romanian bond market suffers heavily, with many bonds trading at a severe discount and high interest rates in response to the Satanist uprisings in the north and the Byzantine embargo. All new issuance is temporarily suspended until the end of this economic crisis.
    • [MOD AND PAPAL STATES RESPONSE]: Emperor Julius welcomes the Inquisition into the Empire of Romani, and calls for the Inquisition to move swiftly into Epirus and Achaea as well to help quell these Satanic cults, and suggests monitoring into the neighboring polities of Serbia, Albania, and Thessaly as well. The emperor reaches out to the Despots of Epirus and Achaea, urging cooperation with the Papal authorities to quickly quell the demonic activity within their borders.
      • Papal Diplomacy: Anastasius VI ordered some Inquisitors leadered by the Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa from Naples to travel there to investigate these cases.
      • Romanian Diplomacy: Glad the Pope has recognized the severity of the issue, the Inquisitor is escorted by the Group of Three into Epirus and Achaea to help root out and destroy the Satanist movement.
    • [MOD AND CATHOLIC NATIONS RESPONSE]: Concerned by the economic implications of the Byzantines’ economic quarantine and their use of piracy, Emperor Julius calls on Venice, who is also under economic attack by the Byzantine regime to help secure trade lanes within the Aegean and increase anti-piracy patrols. Furthermore, the emperor and the Imperial Senate officially denounce the Byzantine usage of unsavory pirates, and calls for a Catholic condemnation of what is clearly an attack on the entire faith itself.
      • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI suggests the creation of a Catholic alliance of Mediterranean nations against pirates.
      • Venice cooporates with suppressing piracy in the Aegean
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: After much deliberation, Rama Trailokanat has seen fit to take action in regards to the conflict in Majapahit and opts to send messengers to the regions of Siantar, Hasinggan, Jambi, and Dewak encouraging them to break free of Majapahit and become tributary to Ayutthaya to ensure they're independence from Majapahit is guaranteed. (Mod Response). The Mekong River border with Lan Xang is fortified on the orders Tun Perak who has seen fit to make preparations for any potential future wars against Dai Viet. Rama Trailokanat has given orders for the Temmengung to dispatch and maintain spies in Majapahit in order to observe how the war progresses and if the war could be twisted to Ayutthaya's benefit. The Penghulu Bendahari has begun instituting economic measures aimed at ensuring the smooth flow of trade in this time of turmoil for the region and has also continued with the frugal spending requested of him by Rama Trailokanat. Integration efforts of new regions proceed somewhat smoothly with only minor hiccups in regard to the cultures and people present. Efforts continue to centralize Ayutthaya's governance with Rama Trailokanat handing out titles to those worthy in the Sakdina system. A diplomatic party is sent to Hindustan requesting friendly relations between it and Ayutthaya. (Mod Response).
    • These states would appreciate the support, but are suspicious of Siam's intensions, seeing their rapid expansion into Malaysia
    • Hindustan accepts trade and diplomacy with Siam
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The queen and her best friend celebrate their 11th birthday this year, this time they celebrate it at the royal palace of Porto. The two Portuguese explorers Pedro Escobar and Joao De Santarem reach a place they call Santo André (Sassandra Ivory Coast where they establish a trading post with 200 settlers. (Asked nate who said it was okay). The Queen pays a visit to the Madieras where the people are cheering at her when she and her best friend visits them.
  • Roman Empire: The supernatural events taking place in Greece and across Wallachia and Dobruja spur the Patriarch of Constantinople to launch its own anti-heretical inquisition. Patriarch Dionysius I installs Manuel Christonymos as the Church Inquisitor, to seek the source of the unnatural events and purge them. Manuel takes the task extremely seriously and assembles a small army of roughly 1,000 men, with which he travels to Epirus and begins to investigate. The Church also attempts to influence the local leadership in Dobruja, Epirus, and Morea to support this Orthodox Inquisition, which tends to target Catholics and other undesirables, offering material support. These focused investigations look for a cause to the Satanists, which local and church authorities suspect to be corrupted crypto-Catholics. Latin Satanists under the guise of the “Group of Three” are blamed en masse, with church and authority leaders distributing the news through printed and spoken word. Aside from church matters, Basileus Gregorios has a change of heart. He orders an end to state-sanctioned piracy, and enrolls the captains into the Imperial Fleet once more. However, these captains bring their light, fast ships with them, inspiring new advances in ship design and construction. In terms of trade, the empire’s naval expansion goes forward, enabling Greek merchants greater capacity to take over Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean trade. The developments in Taurica continue, the numbers and local influence of the mixed, “Kozákos,” grows steadily. The most substantial growth occurs in the Kuban area where Gotho-Greek frontiersmen mix with the Turko-Tartar population in the area. A second major area of growth is in the area of a growing settlement known as Melitopolis at the mouth of the Gerrus (Molochna) River. Thechnially in territory ruled by the Golden Horde, the town becomes a site of local trade and commerce between the Kozákos and Greek merchants. A substantial reason for this growth was the adoption of more militaristic state administration under Gregorios who’s crackdown on inefficiency and corruption prompted an exodus of roguish-types from Taurica. Also in the region, Basileus Gregorios determines to solidify Roman rule. He dissolved Trebizond and Theodoro, granting their respective rulers substantial pensions and estates within Taurica. Both families are given significant titles and valuable positions within the administration of the newly integrated territory.
    • [Papal Response Please]: Basileus Gregorios and Patriarch Dionysius I reach out to the Pope to meet regarding the upswing in cultist activity and potentially improving Catholic-Orthodox relations.
      • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI says to Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa and the others Inquisitors (most from the Dominican Order) will travel to Constantinople to meet with Basileus Gregorios and Patriarch Dionysius.
    • [Spanish Response, Please]: Basileus Gregorios, influenced by a pro-Spanish faction in the Syndikáto Empóron, sends an envoy to the Spanish Crown, seeking to formalize a trade relationship with specific points of commerce and exchange rates. He suggests that the empires designate Syracuse and Naples as the main points of commerce between the Roman and Spanish Empires where both empires shall jointly operate money exchanges and reduce taxes on each other's goods. He also offers to sign an agreement of exclusivity in trade, outlawing Roman commerce with Portugal and Genoa for further reduced taxes on Roman Goods in Spain.
    • [Mod Response, Please]: Basileus Gregorios sends royal marriage requests to Moldavia and Serbia seeking royal marriages for Crown Prince John (b. 1451) and Princess Irene (b. 1454) respectively. He also approaches the Despot of Epirus seeking a royal marriage for his son Prince Micheal (b. 1453).
      • Dorde of Serbia offers his daughter Marija.
      • Stephen III of Moldavia offers his son Alexandru.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. Assistance from trading partner Sweden is requested against pirate havens on Gotland. Tales of pirates and smugglers are traded throughout Hamburg and Lübeck of a more romantic nature. The peace talks with the pirates continue into the early months of the year. Yorkist delegations are presented with proof of their funding of privateers. As the Hanseatic League has no interest in the dynastic affairs of England, it simply wishes for the privateers to be recalled and punished, reparations made, and German trade to once again enter England's ports. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) To combat any further piracy, the Hanseatic League establishes a larger presence in Heligoland. Cannons are erected at key areas around the island, with the docks being expanded to house more ships. Though the former is ostensibly a peace burg effort, the latter is meant to expand Heligoland's importance. An offer to create Kontors in Scotland and Wales are officially requested. In Ireland, the construction of the Hanseatic port enters its final phase, as Hanseatic ships flow into the Kontor and deliver German goods to Ireland like never before. A Hanseatic surveyor arrives in Reykjavik to find good land for a Hanseatic quarter. He arrives in the spring and stays through the winter, observing what ports are usable during cold months and which are frozen over. He also uses local documents to see where would be the best place to establish this new port. By the end of the year, he has acquired a stretch of coastline he intends to call it Lundhaven - Puffin Bay - after the birds he becomes enamored with during his time in Iceland. Expeditions to the south of Mali continue this year, with the gold coast being reached and surveyed. Contact with the natives proves to be fruitful and peaceful.
    • Henry VI accepts the terms
    • Kingdom of Wales Dip: The offer from the Hanseatic League to create Kontors in Wales is gladly accepted, understanding how it would greatly increase our trade volume, strengthening the growth of our nation, who has just managed to recover from the latest war. Ideal locations such as our capital, Cardiff, the second biggest city in the realm, Caernarfon, as well as other big cities, to the likes of Aberystwyth, Cardigan, Pembroke and Swansea, are offered to the Hanseatic League, to ensure a sizable increase in trade volume, with such a reliable trade partner such as the Hanseatic League is widely considered to be.
    • Kingdom of Scotland Dip: We also agree to the setup of Hansa Kontors in Scottish cities, hoping to reap the benifits of increased trade with northern Germany and increased linkage into the North Sea trade generally. We personally recommend setting up kontors in Inverness and Edinburgh, as they are among the most important Scottish port cities.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: We once again continue to seek foreign alliances, so King Edward offers the hand of his daughter, Aoife, to an eligible male from the Danish royal family, in an attempt to secure an alliance between us and the Orbero Union to further trade in the North Sea and to ensure we continue to have allies outside of the British isles. (OREBRO RESPONSE NEEDED) We also continue to do our best to spread the printing press throughout Scotland.
  • Swiss Confederacy: Jodok Seitz, Bishop of Augsburg and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy, dies. He is succeeded as Bishop of Augsburg by Jakob Goffredi and as Cardinal by Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis. The Central Council writes to Pope Anastasius VI, suggesting that von Brandis be created the new Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy as well. (Papal response) The investigation commission against witchcraft created by von Brandis and the late Seitz makes a large number of convictions, but this draws the alarm of some other Swiss bishops, including Bishop of Sion Walter Supersaxo and Bishop of Lausanne Aymon von Lenzburg. The Central Council tries to convince the clergy to avoid burnings as much as possible, to comply with Pope Sixtus V's bill De Haeretici from c. 1404, and to avoid creating unnecessary unrest amongst the populace. Keeping the domestic populace calm as the witchcraft investigations are ongoing becomes the general focus of the government this year, as diplomats from the Central Council try to make sure the trials proceed properly and avoid the formation of riots. With regards to the election of the King of Germany, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg writes to his first cousin Hermann III, Landgrave of Hesse, who had expressed support for Eberhard's proposed candidate the previous year; Eberhard encourages Hermann III to officially cast his vote as Elector of Hesse for Duke Wenceslaus III of Saxe-Wittenberg. (Mod response) At the same time, Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis writes to the Archbishop-Elector of Bremen, encouraging him to vote for the candidate from Saxony instead of having a fourth consecutive King/Emperor from the same dynasty. (Mod response) The Central Council continues to pay close attention to the various tensions occurring in the British Isles, though they seem to have calmed down somewhat, with the outright war between Ireland and Scotland the Central Council had been expecting not yet occurring. Knowing that King Henry VI of England is trying to repair relations between the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions, Count Eberhard writes to him to suggest that he restore the title of Duke of Somerset to the Beauforts that they had prior to their exile. (Mod response) The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on improving the fortifications of the city of Schwyz, where the Central Council is convened, by strengthening and expanding the city walls. Some soldiers are also sent by the Central Council to guard the locations of witchcraft trials and try to defuse any riots. 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena. The congregation of mercenaries at Rapperswil Castle in the Canton of Toggenburg is released for now as it appears tensions in the British Isles have calmed somewhat and Arles's conflict seems to be going well enough that no additional Swiss mercenaries are currently required. Konrad III, Count of Württemberg (1409-1471) dies of natural causes and is succeeded as Count by his son Eberhard V (b. 1441), who is currently unmarried. Jónina Sturlungur (1405-1471), wife of the late Frederick of Habsburg and sister of former King Andrés Heinrich I of Iceland, former Count Gustav of Savoy and current Prince Eiríkur of Finland, dies of a disease. Godfrey Courtenay and Isabel Neville have their first child, a son named John (b. 1471).
    • King Henry VI restores the title of Duke of Somerset to the Beuforts.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": King godfried health which has been on the decline for five years already is now on his last breath, Godfried being an old man in his 60s. Godfrieds life being centered around minimising the damage that had been done by his father Feinsan of Regnier Lotharingen, King of Lotharingia, Italy and Germany, Emperor of Romans, who disgraced Lotharingia and the Regniers. Godfried trying to use diplomacy, trade and Marriage such as having his son and heir to the throne John educated in Hesse. Godfired also betrothing John Leonard to the heir of the Spanish throne, Katherine having married John and become queen of Spain. This slowing down the tensions slightly between the kwac and the Spanish West Africa Company, as their governments are less hostile to each other. Thus the KWAC begins to invest more into their actual warehouses and holdings, such as Etula, Hoekbaai en Congo Bay.
  • Kingdom of Wales: King Edmund, as a personality of high intellect, noticing the recently published collection of romance stories by the reknown author Thomas Malory, titled The Death of Arthur, immediately responds by claiming that his realm, Wales, to be the birth place of the fabled King Arthur and other legendary figures, collectively referred to as The Knights of the Round Table, such as Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain and Sir Galahad, as such their admirable legacy belongs exclusively to our realm, both culturally speaking and through our common ancestry. The census that places our population at 556,000 people is used for administrative and tax purposes. The works on our capital's defenses are finally finished, the result is very noticable, Cardiff's walls and other fortifications now stand firmer than ever. making the city as impenetrable as possible. The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon prove to be commercial successes, continue circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. The construction of the two additional Caravel type vessels, equiped with 14 light broadside cannons as well as two heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern, is finally finished, King Edmund inaugurates these two new warships, naming them "Llywelyn the Great" and "Llywelyn the Last" respectively, pairing those two vessels together, like grandfather and grandson. King Edmund finds himself cornered, he is forced to repeat the previous inauguration ceremony out of stubborness, unwilling to admit that he was drunk last time and expose himself, as such he has to promote this tradition now, so this his cover won't be blown up. Again he uses a cup of wine, toasting to the ships and throwing his cup into the water, continuing to claim this is an old tradition tracing back to Ancient Rome and Greece. Right away he orders another additional two vessels, with the same characteristic as the previous ones, Caravels equiped with the same number of cannons to be constructed. This brings our total fleet to 4 caravels, with an additional two under construction. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with a bit more success thus far, as a few more Yorkist supporting loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 3,950. Dogajavick, Elufsker, and Shamyeby expands. Issvik and Hallrberga stagnate while Runby grows. The trade post at Keathutberga is active this year as Mi’kmaq natives trade foodstuffs and artifacts with the Tvafolk. Shamyeby plans to send a large family to Keathutberga and establish a homestead there. This is not an action taken this year. The Dogajavick-Shamyeby confederacy holds a Thing this year where law is dispensed and social festivities commence. In the Norse lands, the Thing is held at Hallrberga, where Erik Hrothgarsson finally convinces the various patriarchs to be their ruler. His case is helped by the birth of a son, Erik Eriksson. Erik Hrothgarsson consolidates the Norse lands under a decentralized tribal confederacy known as Skogrfjalland. The population numbers around 900 to 1,000. Erik Hrothgarsson is upset that the Iroquois were uninterested in trade, but he is interested in establishing a trade outpost on the tip of Vestelfrland (Gaspe' Peninsula). There are now two distinct, if decentralized, states on Vinland: The Norse are under the banner of Skogrfjalland, while the Tvafolk and some Beothuk are under the banner of the Dogajavick-Shamyeby confederacy. Norse leaders are becoming envious of the agricultural lands in the extreme south of Dogajavick-Shamyeby, no longer happy with their fish. In seafaring news, sailors from Shamyeby sail around OTL New England but bad storms force them home early.
  • Chimu: The conflict is near to its end. The pakatmayo already lost a lot of units, and several members were captured and put on trial for their crimes against the Inca Empire. Many battles were fought the past few years. The Battle of Isiden, one of the key villages near Chan Chan, the capital of the former Chimu Kingdom, and now the new Inca Empire. The chimunese and the Inca military used all of the resources they could in order to win the upper hand in the conflict. Now, with the reveal of the true leader of the organization, named "Allasrikik", The conflict meets its near end with many of the troops from this organization, either decimated or captured. The Pakatmayo lost control of many Villages, like Takunis, Niskariv, Rotinva, Sein Sein and most importantly Okomatyo, one of the key locations where most of the economic resources from the Inca empire were located. The shenagánik, continued with its secret black operations, and they managed to captured 4 important high rank members of this organization. Viracocha's quarantine is lifted for one day per week, so he can attend political and territorial affairs. The conflict continues and it's near its climax.
  • Dai Viet: 15,000 men are provided with warships to prepare for a naval invasion of the Demak. These ships starting in Cam Ranh port shall be guided by a Majapahit ship to direct them to the position of the Demak Sultanate. Upon arriving there Majapahit ships are asked to blockading the main port of Demak as Dai Viet ships will do a landing operation to invade the Demak Sultanate. Trading ships to the Demak Sultanate are required to be redirect to Majapahit ports instead. Dai Viet's Mong Dongs and Majapahit's djongs equipped with cannons and cetbangs shall shoot the enemy ships that are in the way. Rations are fully supplied by Majapahit so the Vietnamese army ought not to worry about the lack of suppiles even when mainland Dai Viet is very distant. 15,000 Vietnamese men along with whatever number of Majapahit infantry has shall invade and siege the capital Bintara. (Mod Response or Possible Algo, combatants are Majapahit and Demak). Meanwhile, on the mainland, renovations and construction of several small temples and palaces are made. The Emperor continues encouraging people to migrate south and Lan Xang for reclaimation of virgin soil there as done in the north. The rest of army is put on guard against possible threats.
    • Lan Xang: The King continues to encourage the reclamation of virgin soil. He allows portions of the Vietnamese migration in the country as it can add more manpower to the country. Queen Thao Quốc gives birth to a baby girl who is named Moukdavanyh.

1472

Having reached a stalemate in the election of the new King of Germany, the Imperial Diet decides to make Wenceslas of Saxony and Henry of Bohemia Co-Kings, while Henry defers the title of emperor over to Wenceslas, should he seek it.

A local rebellion in Yorkshire erupts against King Henry VI, led by someone known as "Robin of Redesdale", possibly a pseudonym for a dissatisfied noble.

A large shipment of Byzantine money being sent to Epirus is attacked by Satanist cultists, who attempt to steal the gold but are ultimately driven back by the Byzantines. The Orthodox Inquisition succeeds at disposing dozens of reported cases of demonic activity and witches in Transylvania, but none of them have any connection to these recent two incidents. The Despot of Eprius, in great haste, declares he has no knowledge of where this activity comes from.

After the withdraw of sanctioned piracy from Emperor Gregory, one single pirate named Laurentius Priapas (ATL character) attempts to attack the Latin Empire anyway, hoping to seize the opportunity of prestigue. He is defeated and his ship is confiscated by the Order of Bari.

After importing The Death of Arthur into Rome, interest in Arthurian literature explodes across the Italian peninsula. Many new churches being built decide to include iconography of the Round Table and the Holy Grail, as Arthur is considered one of the Nine Worthies of Christianity.

As Lotharingia's trading company sets up trading posts along the coast of Africa, many nearby tribes offers to set them up in a lucrative slave trade, purchasing African people from other tribal kingdoms.

The Majapahit Empire continues to fight against Demak with support of Vietnam, but in the process loses control over parts of central Sumatra.

War continues to break out across the Rus states as Novgorod brings the forces of Vladimir and Tver against the forces of Moscow, Smolensk and Ryazan.

Afansey Nikitin of Tver leaves Russia at this point, and goes on a long trek across Central Asia through the Tartary as a merchant.

The Duchies of Austria become united again under Duke Stephen Arpad. He is the first to assert Austria's sovereignty in opposition to the domination of the King of Hungary. Meanwhile, Hungary loses most of its control over Wallachia after the successful campaigns of Vlad the Impaler.

In Lotharingia, the city council of Amsterdam bans snowball fights. (This is OTL).

Leonardo Da Vinci at this point qualifies for joining a guild of artists in Florence, where he is listed as among the "master artists" of the city. Elsewhere in Italy, many medieval works of mathematics and astronomy are being printed for the first time and published.

But Europe is not the only producer of literature. In Texcoco, Nezahualcoyotl publishes a collection of Nahuatl poetry.

  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: With the conflict in Majapahit reaching its Sumatra territories, envoys are sent to the breakaway Sumatra territories to offer them tributary status under Ayutthaya. (Mod Response). Rama Trailokanat has also decided to refrain from any active involvement in Majapahit's affairs for the time being and chooses instead to focus on Ayutthaya's domestic situation economically and politically. In Malacca, there are Muslim protest against the government to request that Ayutthaya contributes aid to Demak mush to the dismay of the royal government who are forced to raise some men in the region to help police it against any potential unrest that might occur. The Orang Besar face problems implementing administrative measures in Prome and Sumatra forcing Rama Trailokanat to resolve the situation by requesting that locals whether they be commoners or not are sent to Ayutthayan institutions to be educated and fill out the ranks of the Orang Besar assigned to these regions. Dhammazedi travels at the request of Rama Trailokanat to Ayutthayan Sumatra in order to help convert or least pacify the local Muslim populations with Pasai sending its own members of the clergy to help keep the peace as well. Ayutthayan naval ports are erected on Sumatra to help reinforce Ayutthaya's control over the Straits of Ayutthaya as well as serving as shipyards for warships. The craftsman of Ayutthaya continue limited production of arquebus leading to Tun Perak creating a small group of troops to train with the weapon and they also produce the cetbang. The Ayutthayan Navy maintains its defensive posture at the news of Dai Viet-Majapahit naval operations which could possibly spill over into Ayutthayan held regions. Tun Perak also continues with the construction of fortifcations and defenses along the Mekong river but takes effort to show that no hostile action is intended and that these are simply precautionary measures. The Penghulu Bendahari has implemented measures to secure food and wealth for future use by holding minute portions from taxes in reserves or stockpiles scattered across Ayutthaya.
    • Jambi will give tribute to Ayutthaya in exchange for access to the strait
  • Iceland: King Domnhall V begins a trade system between Iceland and Greenland. We ask that Cardinal Secretary Ari Sturlungur visits Iceland for the first time in five decades. (Papal Response Needed). Hermanos of Corinth is sent more funds. The Regency Council offers the Yorkshire rebellion 2,000 troops and resources. (Mod response needed).
    • Papal Diplomacy: Cardinal-Secretary Ari Sturlungur travels to Iceland in a brief visit.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: The inquistor is discussing with the king of Poland known as Casimir IV he would lead him to stop witchcraft and any kind of heresy movement in cities and village in the commonweatlh Casimir IV continue to expansion his vassal and more construction is made up more ships is well developed and continue to rise the outpost is finally became a trade colony in the north to administrative the reign of it, while more cities is being modernizing and growup more population and economy is advancing well the port is officially purchased they sent soldiers in there, to keep and mobilize asking by the order with the conflict against the heresy the inquistor is forced to sent them in any village or proof that if there's cultist or people who confess with the devil, more scholar is built up and the cathedral is finally constructed that take many year to finish the activist of Casimir led to a serious conditions major problem Polotosk is also mobilizing and patrolled even, in Poland the Poles nobility has an interesting discussion with Casimir IV to take effort that the catholic should still strong and gain more power, agricultural and social progress is doing well more content are discover and finally sell to market for merchants and ships in the trade route and takes many portions and purchase them a defensive moment is being made and take effort the tradeport is being active more building is in construction so far, Casimir IV is continue support more and arts is improving more gallery is made and museums also they produce more weapons for it, contribution social is still happening the trade has reserved taxes and many agriculture foods while the ships are still being social and sometimely hostile from traffic more men are being sent for the investigations' and more cities is establish more states and administered by the govermenents also constructed fortifications and defense among the river and Poland's side for protection of the kingdom and across Poland and Lithuania to contribute trades and social link via to the river, with the movements the expansion region being controlled and continue to grow up and more progression.
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI continues to support and reinforce the Inquisition. The Pontifical Roman Press continue to spread pamphlets and works in defense of the Catholic faith and against the Taborites and radical Lollards. Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa from Naples and his fellow Dominican Inquisitors continue with the investigations about the Satanic cults in the Greek territories. After some investigations, they propose that these Satanic Cults can be related to Luciferians (Lucifer's worshipers) that fled from Western Europe due to the rise of the Catholic Inquisition. They consider that during their rituals, they use Latin texts used by Ancient Romans in their pagans rituals. Grand Inquisitor Carafa considers that Taborites and extreme radical Lollards can be involved with this sudden rise of the Satanism, by giving the Luciferians protection in their communities. The results of the Inquisition's investigation are sent to the Emperor Julius and to Basileus Gregorios. [Romania and Byzantium response needed, please]. The construction of te new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino finishes the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continue painting the frescos in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victory, this year they start to paint the great fresco named "Victory of the Rosary". Marco Bronzino finishes the scupture of Pope Anastasius V and it is place in the Anastasian Academy. Piero della Francesca starts the great fresco "Miracle of the Flowers". In this fresco, Piero della Francesca will paint the moment of this miracle. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chapel commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Rodrigo de Borgia and Vannozza dei Cattanei continue with their affair. Philip of Habsburg and Luchina Della Rovere have a son named Carlos. News arrive from Florence saying that Lorenzo de Medici and Margaret of Habsburg had a son named Piero. The Holy Father agrees with the Central Council of the Swiss Confederacy and Cardinal Ortlieb von Brandis is chosen as Grand Inquisitor.
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Anastasius' evidence is considered and the envoy told to thank the Pope for his assistance. However Roman efforts to root out heresy continue.
  • Empire of Romania: With the cultist situation in the neighboring states spiraling out of control and citing Byzantine inexperience and their failure to identify the deviant Taborite and Lollard communities as the centers for these demonic cults, Emperor Julius orders the Group of Three to begin military operations against said communities shown to be sheltering Luciferians by the Papal investigation. The Group of Three returns to Epirus and Achaea, this time with 4,000 Romanian troops and 40 monks from the Order of Bari. With the Pope’s blessing, Grand Inquisitor Olivierno Carafa is appointed Grand Inquisitor of Romania, and his 15 experienced enforcers distributed through the Group of Three to provide critical training and religious guidance to the mostly green Romanian troops. Over 600 heretics are executed - although they are hanged, as Emperor Julius had previously signed an edict forbidding the use of fire as a method of execution - and dozens arrested and shipped off to Rome. One of the heretics arrested is unexpectedly the Despot of Epirus, who was found with heretical and borderline Satanic reading material found in his home in Arta, as well as letters expressing sympathy to the Lollard community. Without a proper replacement for the Despot, and little time to properly vet available candidates, Grand Inquisitor Carafa directly takes over administrative duties of Epirus, although Arta city administrator Theodoros Christoforou is designated as the future Despot once this crisis has passed. Despite these cults being within Orthodox areas, a non-insignificant number of Catholic cultists and Luciferians are found alongside Orthodox heretics. Interrogation reveals that some of these individuals had fled Romania during the civil war and hoped to establish themselves in the looser-governed Despotates of Epirus and Achaea, while others were Catholics fleeing the inquisition in the Swiss Confederacy from Central Europe. The Byzantine forces in the area are told to return home, or face the risk of showing they support the cults in the area - and in private conversations, Emperor Julius and the inner circle believe the Byzantines will, not willing to risk war with the Catholic realm, comply and withdraw their military presence, especially given the proximity of Epirus to Athens and the fact that much of these operations were already underway by the time word reached Constantinople. Given the failure of the Orthodox inquisition to properly identify and deal with the source of the Satanic cults, it is expected that the local Orthodox population will if not welcome, begrudgingly accept the Catholic inquisition as a necessity to purge a joint enemy of both Catholics and Orthodox. Emperor Julius delivers a scathing speech in Athens, pointing out the fact that the Byzantines had added Epirus and Achaea to their spheres of influence after the Latin Civil War, yet had allowed these hives of heresy and Satanist activity to remain unchecked for many years. He also draws a connection between the illegal Byzantine-sponsored pirates, who attacked the Order of Bari this year and were defeated, bringing up questions on why Byzantine-affiliated forces are attacking peaceful Catholic religious orders. The emperor lauds the swift actions of the Pope and Grand Inquisitor Carafa in dealing a fatal blow to these anti-Christian cults and declares that victory is within sight.
    • [SWISS CONFEDERACY RESPONSE]: Given the Swiss Confederacy’s recent experience in dealing with Satanists and their successful inquisition, Emperor Julius invites the Confederacy to send experienced priests to assist with operations in Epirus and Achaea.
    • Swiss diplomacy: Ortlieb von Brandis, Bishop of Chur and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy, sends about half a dozen priests that were on his witchcraft commission to aid the similar operations in the Latin Empire.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Basileus Gregorios, outraged by the Latin's intervention in Roman Tributaries, demands the withdrawal of Latin military forces.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 4,075. Dogajavick, Elufsker, Shamyeby, Hallrberga grow this year. The trade post at Keathutberga is active once more, and a homestead is established by Svend Osmundsson near the outpost.
    • Skogrfjalland: The Norse population rises. The 1472 Thing decides that there will be an elective monarchy, whereby the body of patriarchs and village elders will gather when each confederal chief dies and elect a new one. The capital is declared as whichever city the reigning chieftain lives in. The Thing also crafts a legal code based on their ancestral Scandinavian laws. Erik Hrothgarsson sends out an expedition of men to establish a trade post in Vestelfrland. The men sail for a few days and reach OTL Gaspe, where they spend time erecting a building. The local Mi’kmaq initially mistake them for Tvafolk, but when they realize they are a different people, they become wary. The Norse erect their outpost and try to reach out to the Mi’kmaq but to no avail. Some men stay behind to maintain the outpost while others return to Skogrfjalland for the winter. In technological news, the few smithies left on the island, mostly in Elufsker, are the center for the crude metallurgy. A few swords are smelted.
    • Dogajavick-Shamyeby: The population rises. By this year, the trade route between Dogajavick and Shamyeby has become easily identifiable and well traversed. The port of Shamyeby is now a wooden structure frequented by longboats to and from Keathutberga. Dogajavick seafarers think about setting up a trade outpost in an island (OTL Prince Edward Island) they have encountered a few times southwest of Shamyeby. Local Mi’kmaq refer to it as Abegweit. However, other seafarers propose an outpost in Vestelfrland in order to compete with the Norse. Hjalfar himself considers petitioning the Mi’kmaq of the Esgigeoag tribe for an alliance, and perhaps a confederal union down the line. In technological news, several longboats are constructed this year.
    • Beothuk: The Beothuk are predominant in the center of the island. They are mostly hunter-gatherers. They hear about the centralization of the Norse folk and their cousins. In response, there are rumblings among the Beothuk families of a need to confederalize as well, however communication is difficult due to the low population density.
  • Roman Empire: 1472 is a year of celebration in the Capital. Two royal weddings occur. Crown Prince John weds Marija of Serbia and Bulgaria, and Princess Irene weds Alexandru of Moldavia. The attempt on the minters’ convoy leads to a formal secular investigation and support for the inquisition. 4,000 Imperial Soldiers are placed under the command of Church Inquisitor Manuel Christonymos who embarks on indiscriminate persecution and abuse of suspected Catholic Satanists. Specifically targeted by the Inquisitor are the “Group of Three” who he believes to be working against God. The year turns into a bloodbath as Catholics, heretics, and minorities are arbitrarily accused by townsfolk and put to death by the inquisition. Casualty estimates will later report anywhere between 3,000 and 12,000 killed. Catholic immigrants from the west are targeted for their presumed satanist connections, resulting in the executions of several hundred recently arrived Latin, Venetian, and other merchants. These attacks follow from the Pope’s own evidence, as well as political motivation from within the Roman Empire. The developments in Taurica continue, the numbers and local influence of the Kozákos, grows steadily.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The Santo Andre trade post in theIvory Coast grows steadily with plans of making it a colony already in the works. Several Portuguese ships dock there with trade goods from Europe to be sold to the natives and potentially Mali. (MALI RESPONSE NEEDED). The profits from these trading missions are used to fund the other colonies while also improving them. The queen and her best friend, Amalia, celebrate their 12th bithday together - this time in Lisboa. The Portuguese explorer, João Vaz Corte-Real, gets lost on the ocean and sights a coast he calls Bacalao (OTL possibly Newfoundland - actually might have happened this year. (Permission by nate). He draws a map of the shore but can't find his way back to it after arriving back in Portugal.
  • Kingdom of Arles: Lucas I decides to send one last decisive blow to the Modenans. The navy continues barraging the port at La Spezia while another 2,000 troops are sent to the Pisan base near La Spezia, bringing the total to 9,500. These forces are led by Altisi Anjou-Lenzburg and Philippe Lowen. In western Sahara, Nouvelle Digne is becoming more prosperous by the day. The currently 9,000 residents there are satisfied. An expedition is sent to Mali to gift them some gold and Rose wine. (MALI RESPONSE). Crop yields this year drop, but this is made up for by the increase in the production of Rose Wine. Lucas I chooses to hold an art exhibition and famous artists around Europe are invited to take part. (mod response to how it goes)(optional response if you have artists). We start making a prototype of the Culverin. The economy is improved.
    • Pisa: The 9,500 strong force led by the experienced Philippe Lowen push toward La Spezia. Intelligence is gathered, and soon it is obvious that only about 1,500 troops are stationed there. We bombard the city with siege weapons, then surrounding and assaulting the city. work is started on expanding the left wing of the University of Pisa and the economy is improved. (ALGO NEEDED).
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. The Hanseatic League has been responsible for defusing a number of close calls that could have easily led to war simply with the power of her pocketbook and navy. The fortifications around Cuxhaven and Heligoland are expanded, stoneworks rising ever higher to defend the coastline of the entrance to the North Sea and the Baltic. The North Sea is quickly becoming safer by the day, allowing goods to flood into Dublin and now as far away as Reykjavik. The Kontor in Bergen sees extensive renovations as both the British Isles and, to a certain degree, Norway are used as halfway points for ships on long journeys or for convoys to unload mass amounts of cargo. This cargo is either picked up by Hanseatic traders or by traders from the Kontors' host country. The Welsh's generous offer is applauded by the Hanseatic traders, who are as eager as the Welshman are to trade with them. Swansea is seen as the most convenient spot for sea-based trade. The Hansa pays for the land needed for the docks and warehouses and send some surveyors to begin work. The Scottish invitation to establish a Kontor in Edinburgh is also met with excitement. As is the case in Wales, gold is exchanged for land to establish ports and warehouses. Construction in Edinburgh goes by a little bit faster in Edinburgh due to proximity and necessity, though that is not to say the construction of the Welsh Kontor is not progressing at a slow rate. In Iceland, Lundhaven sees the first of its ports well underway as well. Due to the new shipping lanes in Mali, exotic African goods make their way into Hanseatic ports, which in turn are sold throughout Europe. The Malinese accepted Hanseatic trade deals to break monopolies in Europe and that is precisely what it intends to do. However, with competition from Portugal (an unknown and non-German entity) and Lotharingia (an ally, yet a powerful one at that), along with potential pirates in the area, lead to the Hanseatic League issuing the Heligoland Accord: a stipend from the government for any captain willing to accompany convoys to protect them and to carry goods themselves. Crewmembers are famously left out of this agreement, causing some friction and even a mutiny or two. In Germany, the Hanseatic League intends to create an easier way of moving goods from the Mediterranean to the North Sea and the Baltic. Already, it has some trade agreements with Switzerland and good enough relations with the Papal States to do so unmolested, but in times of great change, the Hanseatic League wishes to make crossing Europe easier than ever. It requests the privilege of building a depot in Bern and a Kontor in Monaco (Swiss and Savoyard responses requested.) Finally, the Hansa recognizes Danzig's growing importance in the League. Their restlessness has led to revolt and civil war before and will again. The Hanseatic League is prepared to pay top dollar to trade partner Poland-Lithuania for the release of Royal Prussia in order to free the ethnic Germans along the Baltic coast. (Polish-Lithuanian response requested)
    • A diccusion with, the hanseatic league the king Casimir IV fully agree with it while they would accept to do it so.
    • Swiss diplomacy: The Central Council approves the Hanseatic League establishing a trade depot in Bern.
  • Swiss Confederacy: 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena, a state the Central Council has disliked ever since they overthrew the Milanese government which had friendly relations with the Swiss. At the urging of the Central Council, Bishop of Augsburg Jakob Goffredi begins to wind down the investigations and trials about witchcraft that have taken place in the Swiss Confederacy over the last two years; Bishop of Chur and Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy Ortlieb von Brandis considers these efforts to have been a success against Satanism and other heresy. As these trials wind down, about half a dozen priests who were involved in the investigations are sent to the Latin Empire to aid efforts against Satanism and other heresy there. As a result of this exchange with the Latin Empire, Swiss bishops are outraged when they hear of the violence that has been committed there against Catholics by Byzantine forces, leading Grand Inquisitor Ortlieb von Brandis and Bishop of Lausanne Aymon von Lenzburg to write to Pope Anastasius VI, urging him to condemn the anti-Catholic violence. (Papal response) Scholars from the University of Basel accompanying the investigative commission in Switzerland determine that some alleged cases of witchcraft or demonic possession were actually caused by medical conditions, leading to some accused being spared. The Central Council continues to try to limit the number of burnings being undertaken by clergy investigating witchcraft, sending some soldiers of the joint military to oversee trials to enforce this. Diplomats from the government continue to pacify civilians to limit panic over the witchcraft accusations and avoid riots. Other domestic efforts undertaken by the government during this time include improvements of roads in the large Cantons of Bern, Lucerne, Sion and Fribourg, with the goal of aiding trade and the movement of goods, thereby boosting the economy. Upon hearing of the result of the royal election of Germany, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg encourages his relative Duke Wenceslaus III of Saxe-Wittenberg, Co-King of Germany, to seek to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor. (Saxony response) Hearing of the popularity of The Death of Arthur in Italy, the Bern Library and the University of Basel write to Roman libraries, seeking to have copies of these books brought to the Swiss Confederacy. (Papal response) The Central Council continues to pay close attention to the various tensions in the British Isles, especially those between Ireland and Scotland, which they are surprised have not sprung into outright war yet. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the northeastern border of the nation in the Cantons of Sargans, Montfort, Augsburg, Kempten and Salem. Constance von Lenzburg (1428-1472), sister of Count Eberhard and wife of King Edmund of Wales, dies in Wales of a disease, and Count Eberhard attends her funeral. Francis Capet, Duke of Berry and Margaret Bourbon have their fourth child, a son named Philip (b. 1472). Later in the year, Engelbert von Lenzburg and Marianne of Württemberg have their second child, a daughter named Ida (b. 1472).
  • Archbishopric of Mainz – Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. Cardinal von Isenburg expresses his congratulations to both Wenceslas of Saxony and Henry of Bohemia, swearing to serve their interests loyally, and to raise the office of the King of Germany to greater and greater prestige and power. In his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he presents his regular reports the new co-kings. His reports indicate a steady rise in imperial revenue, as his increased oversight has reduced graft and mismanagement. He expects further increases over the next year, and intends to continue to implement more direct supervision of the Chancelleries of the Empire, strengthening the direct control of the king over the desparat Imperial Imperial immediacies. The City Council of Mainz, after much debate, put forward a proposal of tax reforms which all the representatives could agree on, which would benefit to some degree the merchant class and peasant class, while not overly favoring any one side, or cutting into the traditional rights of the nobles and church.
  • 'Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di"' No more snowball fights in amsterdam, as the town government bans the activity. This being a result of many people getting injured and some even killed by snowballs,as it often leads to very growded situations and very big snowball fights. One death being that of Godfried of Regnier King of Lotharingia, Duke of Brabant, Moselle, Overmaas and Frisia, Count Luxembourg, Holland, Flanders, Namur, Loon and Zeeland, the ruler of Lotharingia for one half century. Godfried seeing a great change in policy of Lotharingia from aggresive emperorship to mercantile friendship toward the empire. Thus now Jan Leonard Regnier is crowned in the Berghuische as Rex Lothari, Duke of Brabant, Moselle, Overmaas and Frisia, Count Luxembourg, Holland, Flanders, Namur, Loon and Zeeland, while also allready being king consort of Spain. King John being the fith in his dynasty to bear the name, and one of the best educated kings, as John Leonard was educate at the royal court of hesse. 
  • Dai Viet: The Emperor remakes the steps of the Hội exams. There are five phases: The first one is eight topics on the Four Books (四書) (four topics on the Analects, four on the Mencius), the examinee gets to pick four out of those eight. About the Five Annals (五經), each annals has three topics and the examinee gets to pick one each, particularly the Spring and Autumn Annals has two topics but has to be merged into one essay. The second is the test of the abilities to compose text accordingly. The third one is the poetry exams, testing the examinee the ability to compose poems in the seven words-eight sentences (七言八句) forms. The fourth one is the test of judgement of examinees, asking about the difference between the Four Books and the Five Annals as well as judging the previous emperors' policies. The fifth ones are Mathematics exams. The Trạng nguyên (Zhuangyuan 狀元, first placed), Bảng nhãn (榜眼, runners-up) and Thám hoa (探花 - third placed) shall be promoted accordingly. He also warned the mandarins to love the people, severely punish the greed, revive the customs, encourage agriculture and leeves, if they are being lazy then the police will investigate, arrest them and sent to exile in Quang Nam. The Cham and Lao people living in Dai Viet have to Vietnameseize their names; they are allowed have a name that has only three words long. As an effort to help Majapahit to finish their issues in Demak so they can pacify rebel forces in Sumatra, an additional of 5,000 men are sent to aid the Majapahit forces in Demak. The rest of the Dai Viet navy is tasked to maintain sercurity in the Eastern sea, the trading market that heavily benefits the Dai Viet economy.
    • Lan Xang: Vietnamese experts are sent to Lan Xang to further help the government in the progress of irrigation and reclaming virgin soil for cultivation.
  • Empire of Japan: The discovery this year of another island to the east prompts a wide array of criticism going all the way back to the homeland. While usually not an issue, the next island (Attu Island OTL) brings about the issue of wasting money on exploratory voyages. This issue starts a rumbling in the Sapporo Zaibatsu which always being the most lightweight of the Zaibatsu, looks for a way to get ahead of the curve and outpace the more profitable southern Zaibatsu. A captain on his way home for leave in Hokkaido happens upon the information that the Tachibana and Sapporo Zaibatsu have struck a deal to embark on a long ranging exploratory voyage. The impetus behind this lies in the eventual large profits coming out of northern expedition. Hayanari Tachibana, and the Sapporo Zaibatsu having put out an order for an experienced captain to assemble a crew, approach the naval officer. It is an unusual affair as they approached him at his home in full view of his family. The offer proposed is a risky one, but Captain Guy Yamamoto accepts it earnestly. The attempt to assemble a crew is put off as insane. However, Guy takes a long look and pushes to the south arriving in Kyoto in the middle of the year. He sees his admiral, who is curious as to why he is back in Kyoto rather than his family. He puts in a series of strange requests which cues in the Admiral as to what is going on. Admiral Hisashi Nagase is let in on the plan and in a twist of fate, the Admiral authorizes the release of the captain's own ship. The Swift Wind is released, a ship well built to handle weather. She is used to the storms and uncertainties of the open Pacific, a Great War Junk. It is something that will obviously be missed, but the Admiral's coverage will stall insight for the time being. Until the voyage, the Ship is holed up in the Osaka Harbor awaiting "maintenance". The Ships crew is granted alongside the ship. As the months wear on Captain Guy manages to secure the support of four more smaller ships. Independent tradesman, looking make their fortune sign onto the expedition. A mixture of medium and large scale tradeships, they are well accustomed to making runs along the Azuma Islands seas, and the long voyage to Ayyutuhaya and Indochina. As the collections for ships end the charting the need for supply begins looking on to the next year. The home economy continues to advance as the Zaibatsu now finally begin to regain their full strength, the full flow of trade now coming back to full. As a result of the Ouchi debacle the Generalty falls out of politics consolidating their power among the armies. The Admiralty, however, encouraged by its successes is able to get two permanent representatives put into the Imperial Diet surprising many. Regardless of this the Admiralty is more concerned with maintaining their new position rather than picking sides in the Diet and either abstain or vote on unanimous proposals and ones that will help them. The Emperor seeing issue with the current power structure and noticing a trend in history of a lack of power balance causing civil conflict in Japan, turns to his generals. He courts them and secures their support relativelyt quickly. He then begins courting multiple members of the Noble houses of Japan looking to the future as he tries to prevent the Diet from attaining too much freedom.
  • Duchy of Saxony: Duke Wenceslaus becomes co-king of Germany with Henry of Bohemia. The two kings meet to congratulate each other and discuss their plans to rule Germany. After much deliberation, and with encouragement from the Count of Lenzburg, Wenceslaus accepts the title of Holy Roman Emperor if it is still alright with Henry. Celebrations occur in the Duchy of Saxony to honour the Duke's election. A huge portrait of an imagined scene showing Wenceslaus shaking hands with Henry of Bohemia is painted. Wenceslaus III thanks all those who supported him during the election, including the Swiss Confederacy, expressing that he is eternally grateful, and will consider them his friends in years to come. He also thanks the Archbishop of Mainz for his efforts to strengthen the Empire.
    • Haneatic Diplomacy: Simon Burkhart and his son Johannes celebrate the ascension of Wenceslaus and Henry, attending their coronations. A small, decorative ship is pulled on wheels into Saxony, which is presented as a gift, along with some marzipan: a delicacy from Lübeck.
  • The Spanish Empire: With Queen Katherine if Spain and now, Queen-Consort of Lotharingia, now settled in her throne, she begins to oversee the campaign efforts against the violent rulership of Modena with a lead-up to a siege on Alessandria if the battle of Tortona succeeds. 16,000 Spanish Forces engage with the Modenese Military with one of the leaders being none other than what had already been declared as the true Duke of Modena, a contested ruler, Leonardo Della Rovere, Husband to the current daughter of the acclaimed Duke of Modena. Della Rovere and Commander Diego Velazquez cook up a plan to envelope the forces of Modena forcing them into the river at the end of the town and by doing so, crushing the army. This flanking maneuver uses the bulk of the cavalry to swoop in from the sides while the main regiment focuses on first unloading long arrows before proceeding to use a mixture of grenades and cannons unrelentingly contributing to the tearing of defenses as well if any are present. Beyond this, the well supplied armies would organize themselves to charge and drive inward into the bulk of the Modenese forces by following through with the cavalry using swords and rifles to tear down the men that remain to fight. [Algo Needed]. Those that refuse to surrender would be pushed back into the river as well as any commanders being captured at the end of the battle. Outside of Northern Italy, with a new trade arrangement being struck with the Romans, the Empire's Markets - especially those of Sicily - bloom in Taranto and Bari but Naples as well. The expansion of Nueva Zamora continues as more land is cultivated for the further increase in both sugar as well as trade.
  • Kingdom of Wales: King Edmund decides that a Welsh version of the The Death of Arthur book is desperately required to rectify historical truths, therefore he enlists the help of the reknowned Welsh poet, Lewys Glyn Cothi, to start working on developing a historically accurate version of the The Death of Arthur, considering the one published by the English author Thomas Malory to be full of intentional inaccuracies, presenting King Arthur, the wizard Merlin and other legendary figures, collectively referred to as The Knights of the Round Table, such as Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain and Sir Galahad, as Englishman, something completely false. Additionally the identification of Logres as England, Camelot as Winchester, Astolat as Guildford and the presentation of the false narrative that the Saxons where a group of foreign invaders, unrelated to the "Celtic" English people is purely slanderous and a complete distortion of history. Lewys Glyn Cothi version of King Arthur's epic tale is going to be titled as the King Arthur, the Progenitor of Wales. The census that places our population at 556,000 people is used for administrative and tax purposes. The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon have proven to be commercial successes, continue circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. Given how many success the recently constructed vessels had, King Edmund is determined to standardize this process of equiping all future Welsh Navy warhips with both light broadside cannons and heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern, the number of which would depend on the vessel's size, brings it into act by signing a royal decree. Construction of the another additional two Caravels continues. This brings our total fleet to 4 caravels, with an additional two under construction. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with a bit more success thus far, as a few more Yorkist supporting loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm.

1473

With Wenceslas III of Saxony accepting the title of Emperor, the matter goes to the Pope whether to officially have him crowned. The princes of Aachen accept the current political order under the Saxon emperor, even with much politics of the empire at this point is under the inflence of a Czech dynasty.

The current chaos in Greece causes the attempted Orthodox inquisition to quickly turn into an unexpected massacre. The Latin forces arrive to the Papal request of an inquisition in Epirus is suddenly attacked and driven out of Arta by the Byzantine imperials. At the Massacre of Arta, caused in part by both armies of inquisators, a total of 3,600 civilians are killed, most of which are Catholic Greek and Italians with a few hundred Orthodox heretics as well.

Among the casualties are a dozen monks from the Order of Bari, and the Despot of Epirus himself. News of this event reaches Rome, comparing the "Orthodox Inquisition" with that of the Medieval Massacre of the Latins.

In England, the former King Edward V dies in Somerset. His son Edward Beaufort begins gathering political support to push his own agenda to revoke the earlier agreement of rapproachment, and his own claim to the throne of England. Among his main support at this time is the Earl of Warwick, and his marriage ties in the Holy Roman Empire.

The Demak Sultanate collapses with the capture of Bintara by Majapahit forces supported by Vietnam. They nominally retain control over Sumatra, but concede to the economic concessions of Jambi to Siam.

Smolensk, Moscow and Ryazan continue to struggle in fighting against the centralization of Novgorod.

James II of Cyprus dies, and is succeeded by his son who is King James III. However, he is only a baby and power over the Crusader Kingdom is given to his Venetian mother, Catherine.

In Nuremburg, Conrad Paumenn becomes the most well-known composer and organist in Germany, due to being able to compose and perform music even while being blind from birth.

The first completed printed copy of Avicenna's work on medicine is published in Modena.

In Krakow, John Cantius develops the medieval theory of Impetus, that objects move due to an outside affect on it.

William Caxton sets up an office of printing in England, and publishes a copy of The Real History of Troy, the first book published in the English language.

  • Roman Empire: Hearing of the massacre at Arta and the Latin attempts at influence, Basileus Gregorios demands action. He raises an army of 15,000 men and marches to rendezvous with the 5,000 imperial soldiers already in Epirus. Upon arriving he systematically executed any known Latin officials, expelled all Papal officials not involved with the day-to-day management of Catholic churches, and establishes a military government for the region. In Ioannina, the Epurite Capital, he and Church Inquisitor Manuel Christonymos appeal to the public in their mother tongue to cast out any Catholic conspirators and to report their malfeasance to local, church, or Roman authorities. His words also denounce the Latins, Venetians, and Papacy for interference in the Orthodox Faith and Greek society. He then marches south through Thessaly to the border of Neopatria, a client of the Latin Empire where he orders the construction of a string of fortifications and checkpoints, forcibly closing the border and ceasing all out-bound trade from Latin merchants. As the former Despot of Epirus, Manuel of Epirus, leaves only a young son, Alexander, as an heir the boy is taken to Constantinople for his safety and education. In Thessaly the Catholic nobility is forcibly evicted, their property seized, and the territory annexed. Back in the Empire, Prince John raises an additional 3,000 men and marches for Gallipoli where he begins constructing an artillery emplacement to deny access to the Sea of Marmara to Venetian ships should they attempt to sail for Constantinople.
    • [Secret Mod Response]:A shrewder man than his father, Prince John orders Roman informant and spy networks in Morea and Attica to attempt to discover the root of the attacks. He specifically instructs them to investigate the activities of Latin merchants, officials, and religious figures who are suspected of interference.
  • Kingdom of Wales: Lewys Glyn Cothi finalizes his work, titled King Arthur, the Progenitor of Wales, greatly aided through his efforts by King Edmund's patronage. The census that places our population at 556,000 people is used for administrative and tax purposes. The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon have proven to be commercial successes, continue circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. Given how many success the recently constructed vessels had, King Edmund is determined to standardize this process of equiping all future Welsh Navy warhips with both light broadside cannons and heavy cannons mounted on the bow and stern, the number of which would depend on the vessel's size, brings it into act by signing a royal decree. Construction of the another additional two Caravels continues. This brings our total fleet to 4 caravels, with an additional two under construction. King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with a bit more success thus far, as a few more Yorkist supporting loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, continues to be greatly promoted, seeing him as a unifying theme that would serve to further solidify the realm. With the resounding commercial success that the introduction of Guttenberg's printing press had on our realm, King Edmund is rather eager to persue other such projects to strengthen his realm, lately his attention falls unto the silk-weaving technology, that has been recently introduced into Western Europe, the French cities of Lyon and Beziers were the first that this exquisite technology that allows the production of such fine silk clothing appered. Given our good relations with the Kingdom of France and most of continental Europe, we request that they share this magnificent technology with us, using our contacts and friends to go directly to their guilds and offer a considerable ammount of money to procure this fascinating technology of silk weaving. (Mod Response)
    • The King of France doesn't directly have control over it, but he is willing to more freely regulate the Silk trade going to Wales
  • Kingdom of Arles: Lucas I decides to push towards La Spezia again. The troops near La Spezia are reformed and consolidated. 3,000 troops are sent on ships to surround La Spezia from the sea. Another 2,000 troops are sent to the Pisan base. The economy is improved. Sir Luio Artleo passes away this year and is mourned.
    • Pisa: 2,000 more troops reach the Pisan base. With the total force numbering about 10,000, Philippe Lowen orders another assault. Altisi leads the charge. Siege weapons destroy the walls of La Spezia.(ALGO NEEDED)
  • Dai Viet: With the victory at Demak, the Emperor is extreamly pleased as the position of the Dai Viet navy is heavily increased. The effectiveness of the Dai Viet warships is proven to be very high. A letter is sent to the Singhawikramawardhana requesting Dai Viet ought to be rewarded handsomely due to their contribution to the war. It also stated to offer the marriage between Prince Girindrawardhana of Majapahit and Princess Thanh Toại of Dai Viet. (Mod Response). Depending on whatever Majapahit response with the situation in Sumatra, Dai Viet will chose whether or not to support Majapahit. Demak prisoners of war are transported to be exiled in Southern Dai Viet for the need of manpower to reclam virgin soil there to make land for cultivation, in which they are monitored by regional mandarins. The rest of the remaining Vietnamese troops shall return to Dai Viet while the standing army pacifies small ethinic minorities revolts in the North.
    • Lan Xang: With help of Vietnamese experts, irrigation systems as well as plantations are upgraded decently. A renovation of the Royal Palace is conducted. Buddhism continues to be promoted across the country.
    • Marriage accepted
  • Iceland: The king prepares a journey from Greenland to Vinland and then Vinland to down below Islandika. More funds go to Greece to go into war coffers.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: Having defeated the Yemeni attempt to sally out and break the Ethiopian siege of Aden, the Imperial forces continue the siege into Year Three. [ALGO NEEDED]. The Princess Nyala strikes up a friendship with the Princess Borgia, with both sharing a love of Ethiopian flora and fauna. The Princesses often spend time in Princess Nyala’s private arboretum and animal collection, eating picnics amongst the various exotic birds, mammals and more. This is much to the chagrin of the Empress Dowager Sofia, who resents the growing influence of Princess Borgia and attempts to strip her of influence by ignoring any noble who interacts with her. However despite these attempts the Princess Borgia uses her youth, beauty and charm to win over numerous Ethiopian aristocrats and nobles. This is in contrast to the aging Empress Dowager Sofia, who has grown irritable and increasingly tired as she grows older. Despite the resentment between the two, many note the similarities shared by the two women, with many seeing Princess Borgia as a younger version of the Empress Dowager Sofia. With Aden completely blockaded by Ethiopian and Ayutthaya ships, the ports of Ethiopia see a massive influx of trade as merchants who previously stopped at Aden now stop at Ethiopian ports. To encourage these merchants to make the new route permanent, the Emperor Tewodros, upon advice from his Minister of Trade, temporarily halves the docking fees and tribute that merchants must pay to stop at Ethiopian harbors. The Emperor also oversees the final touches to the Hall of Champions, a massive marble plaza containing two Greco-Roman Churches on opposite sides of a massive pool, with the statues of dead emperor lining the pool on both sides. Only one side remains finished, however, so that future emperors may be added to the Hall. Among the Emperors who warranted statues are Amda Seyon the Magnificent and Tewodros the Great. . 
  • Savoy: Shocked at the chaos in the Latin Empire, Peter IV starts to convince the league for a crusade in Greece. (Anti-Heresy League Response). 
    • The Anti-Heresy League is willing to help, with the Pope's blessing.
    • Papal diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI give his blessings to this military operation.
  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: More expansion is under construction, in the reign of Casimir IV the economy grows up. Yet more laws are established and the investigator of inquistion is still happening and continue more city is constructed, the cathedral its in its final construction at moment and open public a gallery is new added with the help of the trade Baltic the population growup more improvement effort and more men raised, in this actual point Polotosk becoming a colony tradeport for supplies and productions, by wise the inquistor discusses with Casimir IV that more areas should be christianized which the Polish fleet would soon start this in many villages and sea. More fortifications are built up, and the Polish or Lithuanian nobility is very in development and such more businesses Casimir IV has improved the effort of the commonweatlh tradepost is very well active and much more progressing en route a canal is being up in constructions in the Baltic Sea with the help of the builder Polish and a discussion is made of development, power and reign with Casimir IV. more built is up and trade is still working on it while more effort is made up and Casimir IV is currently discusing with the inquistor for more investigator later. A letter is sent to convince the empire for the crusade in Greece to protect the nations's Catholics and the rest of Europe to gain more protections, with a discussion with Casimir IV to help the Latin empire (Latin Reponse)  
    • Romania Diplomacy: Emperor Julius thanks King Casimir IV, and would welcome any support against the Byzantine Orthodox aggressors.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Basileus Gregorios denounces the Lithuanian decision to endorse a crusade as an affront to Christendom itself. He also reminds the Duke that Roman soldiers have not deployed beyond the borders of the Roman Empire or its tributaries, and that only illegal tresspassers currently face punishment. 
  • Papal States: Pope Anastasius VI is horrified with the massacres caused by the Greek Orthodox and denounces them as arbitrary acts of violence that only serves to protect the true heretics and Satanists. The pope calls all Catholic nations to repudiate the violence and to send help to the Catholics being opressed in the East. Anastasius VI also declares a papal embargo over trade between Catholics and Byzantium. If the Greeks desire to isolate themselves, nothing more fair than leaving them alone and taking Catholic money with us. The pope exhorts the the great seamen and merchants of Catholic Europe to find new ways of reaching the East, whithout needing to ask for crumbs from the Monsters of Byzantium. Using the report of Grand Inquisitor Oliviero Carafa, some members of the Inquisition in Rome spreads the opinion that Taborites are part of the Luciferianism and that their version of the Bible is perverted and was made under Satan's influence. Letters with this idea are sent to all Inquisitions across Europe, asking them to double efforts against these Satanists. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Antonio Rossellino finishes the tomb of Pope Anastasius VI. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continues to paint the great fresco named "Victory of the Rosary". Piero della Francesca continues to paint the great fresco "Miracle of the Flowers" in the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chapel commissioned by Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. With the persecution of Catholics by the Greek Orthodox, Giuliano Della Rovere writes a brief text where he compares these mass assassination of Latins with the Diocletianic Persecutions, to the point of refer to Basileus Gregorios as "Basileus Diocletianus II". In the text that is named "The Satanic Byzantium", he says that these Greeks don't deserve to use the heritage of the Great Constantine. All the time in his text, Giuliano refers to the population of Byzantium's territories as "Byzantines" rather than Romans. Soon after its publication, the text becomes popular across the Papal States and the word "Byzantine" becomes popular to refer to the people of Byzantium. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Rodrigo de Borgia and Vannozza dei Cattanei continue with their affair. Philip of Habsburg and Luchina Della Rovere have a son named Sisto. From Florence arrive news that Lorenzo de Medici and Margaret of Habsburg had a daughter named Maddalena. A birth also happens in the Borgia Family, with Adriana del Mila and Ludovico Orsini Migliorati having a son named Orsino. The Holy Father will crown Wenceslas III of Saxony as Roman Emperor, but the pope asks him to continue the support that the last Emperors gave to the Inquisition and the Association of Missionaries and Preachers [Saxony response needed, please]. As requested by the Central Council, a copy of The Death of Arthur is sent to the Swiss Confederacy.
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
    • Saxony: Wenceslaus is only too happy to continue supporting the good work of the Inquisition and the Association.
  • Empire of Romania: Shocked by the Byzantine support of Satanist movements and protection of said guilty parties, as well as the unnecessary bloodshed within their borders of over 50,000 Catholics, Emperor Julius personally travels to Rome to request the Pope call for a Crusade against the heretical Byzantine aggressors. The emperor thanks Spain, Lithuania, Saxony, and countless other nations who have already pledged their support. Some within the empire and Imperial Senate even call for a complete genocide of the Byzantine people ala the war against Benjamin in the Book of Judges, which Emperor Julius quickly quells. Many also begin to believe that Basileus Gregorios is indeed the seven-headed beast described by Saint John in the Book of Revelations. Beyond military intervention, Emperor Julius also recommends a total and complete embargo of Byzantine trade by the Catholic realm - or at least what is left of it, given most merchants have already started avoiding Byzantine ports after the massacre of thousands of innocent merchants in Constantinople and other regions of the heretical nation. The Long Walls, under construction for many years, are finally completed, and efforts are made to reinforce Athens’ defenses and food stockpiles.
    • [MOD, SPANISH, AUVERGNE AND SWISS RESPONSE]: Grand Inquisitor Carafa miraculously survives the Byzantine genocide and returns to Athens. He quickly travels to Rome where he presents his findings and then Venice, Naples, Florence, the Swiss Confederacy, Denmark, Spain, and Auvergne. The bodies of the 18 slain monks of the Order of Bari travel with him, shocking royal courts and Catholic across the continent. In each court he asks that the nation defend their Catholic brothers from systemic murder and push back the Byzantine aggressors who have attacked the earthly instruments of God Himself. It is hoped Venice will be especially eager, given the literal murder of thousands of Venetians by the Byzantines.
    • Swiss diplomacy: Outraged at the violence committed against Catholic monks and the danger the Swiss priests who travelled to Greece were put into, the Central Council offers the Latin Empire the use of 3,000 (partially subsidised) mercenaries, though another nation like Venice or the Papal States would have to supply the ships to get these mercenaries to the Latin Empire.
    • Arles Diplomavy: We offer to supply ships.
    • Venice and Florence both support Romania
    • Papal diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI agrees with Emperor Julius and officialy calls for a military operation to defend the Catholics being oppressed by the Greek Orthodox and to organize a proper Inquisition. 7,000 men from the Papal Army are sent, with 10 galleys. The Elders of the Republic of Ancona also want to help and send 2,500 mercenaries and 5 galleys.
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: The defeat of Demak by Majapahit brings interest to Rama Trailokanat who remains concerned by the instability of Majapahit and its growing closeness to Dai Viet. Seeking to find a reliable trade partner and ally, diplomatic overtures are made to the Kingdom of Blambangan requesting friendly relations for the time being. (Mod Response). Blambangan traders are provided some favoritism in order to cultivate a possible alliance in the future should Majapahit side with Dai Viet in potential future wars. Diplomatic envoys are also dispatched to the Pagaruyung Kingdom on the southwestern side of Sumatra requesting that they become tributary to Ayutthaya. (Mod Response). Ayutthayan control over the Straits of Ayutthaya are tightened to ensure that none who would attempt to challenge or attack Ayutthaya are permitted through with no kingdoms being restricted so far. Hang Tuah is ordered to launch an aggressive campaign with the Ayutthayan Navy to stamp out piracy that has only grown in the absence of Majapahit from the region. The construction of fortifications along the Mekong river are only continued with the Khmer Kingdom being encouraged to do the same along the highlands on the Khmer-Champa border. The integration of Aru, Indragiri, Prome, and western Lan Xang are continued with the Orang Besar assigned to these regions receiving those who had undergone training to be officials that were natives to these regions. The Penghulu Bendahari reports that control over the Straits of Ayutthaya have led to an increased income from trade taxes which is put to good use funding infrastructure development and maintenance across Ayutthaya with a priority focus being on recently acquired regions to better integrate them into Ayutthaya. Dhammazedi has taken over the duties as tutor to Borommarachathirat III educating him in Buddhism and assisting in his other studies. Rama Trailokanat is blessed with another male child who he names Ramabithodi II as of this year. Ayutthaya continues to promote Buddhism across its holdings but takes care not to be aggressive in its campaign out of fear of offending the Muslim populations under or in Ayutthaya. Gifts of silk, ivory, and other items are sent to the tributary rulers of Trengganu and Pahang in the Malay Peninsula to show that their loyalty has not been forgotten.
    • Blambagan and Sumatra improves relations
  • Empire of Japan: As the situation develops within the Tachibana and Sapporo Zaibatsu, a crisis of funding comes across as a key backer of the expedition, the Tachibana and their significant funds, force a quiet withdraw. This is much to the annoyance of Captain Guy Yamamoto who instead turns to the free traders and fur rangers of the northern region arriving in Sakhalin early in the year. He cobbles together a group of enterprising fur tradesman who do not stand by the northern Zaibatsu. In exchange for some participation and funding, these groups agree. However this is not enough and the Captain begins planning on a trip to the Tachibana lords to try to bring them back into the fold. Development in Fort Koba runs at a fever pitch as its port facilities expand and a large quarter for the navy is set up to help house and logistically handle the supply weight of the fleet in the region. this also prompts the families of some of these sailors to arrive in the settlement which brings the population of Appari to grow a bit as well. After many years of development and lacking the population for labor of the homeland, the Province of Manzhu finishes its great roadway network which extends to Aimoi, Nahodki, all the way to the Japanese-Korean border settlements and forts, and finally a riverside roadway extending all the way to Amuraji officially linking the two cities on a safe and maintained road. It is seen as a logistical triumph for the region as efforts to tame the land have been hardgoing and less than easy. As a result of over a century of settlement and integration with the empire, the Province of Manzhu being the most attractive of the two direct Manchurian provinces, hosts the lions share of the settlement. Boasting upwards of 600,000 people, with rough plurality with the local manchus, The region has truly begun to produce for the Empire. Agricultural yields go up year by year as farms become much more established and prosperous. Mining of metals like tin and copper have started to grow a bit larger and even a quarry for limestone and porcelain stone. While procelain making has only lightly taken off thanks to a group of Chinese expatriates establishing themselves decades ago in Japan, its growth in Manzhu and Amuraji provinces has been unfounded. It is a growing and important product coming out of the region and its high quality and value is obvious to the buyers down down. A clearly Japanese influenced form of porcelain begins to come out of the Empire with japanese script, art, and patterns starting to stand independently of the chinese styled porcelain. While in no means a competitor for the porcelain giant that is China, the Japanese porcelain becomes an attractive style that many further south begin to purchase as well. After close living and cooperation in some of the joint towns north of Aimoi and Nahodki, the Manchus and Japanese have continued to blend together further. The relatively quiet temperament of the Manchus since their settlement in the region has not gone unnoticed and their loyalty to the leader who kept them safe is just as surprising. As a result, the Manchu lands while scattered throughout Manzhu and Amuraji, are large, and by far not unproductive. Their agriculture produces heavily, and their demand for finished goods from the cities has further integrated them within Japanese society. Loan words begin to become common between the two groups and to the north even the Vassal Manchu Khanate begins to emulate Japanese court practices and even sends an envoy to the emperor requesting that as a "member of the empire, and loyal taxpayer of the aristocracy, he deserves as seat at the table." While many look to the arrival of three Manchu representatives to the diet with annoyance and trepidation of "barbarians" sitting at the discussion table with them, the Emperor wholeheartedly agrees to the concept seeking to 1) achieve their loyalty, and 2) further integrate them within the empire proper rather than a vassal tributary state.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Frustrated by the Beaufort's going back on their word to make up with King Henry VI and Warwick's own rebellion, the Parliament of Ireland decides to honour their agreement with King Henry VI and offers him our full support in his conflict with the oath breakers. (Mod or England response). Forces are concentrated at Cork with continued construction of the nathair.
  • Hafsid Caliphate: As Caliph Ahmad III prepares the next step in his grand scheme, Grand Vizier Al-Najm II rallies the armies of the Caliphate. Scribed by the jurist Sohali an early morning, the Caliph spoke, "The Great Caliphate of Ifriqiya has been restored with the power of God, and God shall strengthen the Caliphate's struggle against the heretics of the north and the illegitimate of the eastern river". The Black Pearl, a pirate company under the direction of Grand Vizier Al-Najm II, begin mass-raiding along the trade routes in Aegea and the Eastern Mediterranean. The Bedoin army, large in their capacity, are scattered throughout the Caliphate, maintaining the Caliph's control over cities as well as the setting up of defenses near the Rif and Mamluk territories. The Taureg peoples are slaughtered as many Bedoin troops move southward to the city of Djelfa, expanding the reach of the Caliphate further into the great desert from where the gold of the Mali Empire resides. Meanwhile, Ibrahim 'Amr, the son of "deceased" General Muhammad al-Janann, is raised comfortably by his Ibadi uncle and aunt while former General Abdullah 'Amr 'Uthman returns from his travels in the Mali Empire, having finished his learning under the wise and elderly Djiata Agadezi.
  • Archbishopric of Mainz – Cardinal Diether von Isenburg remains a firm supporter of the extensive reforms in the Catholic church, including the Inquisition and the Assembly of Preachers. He joins with the Pope in repudiating the violent massacre in Byzantium. He continues to support raising education in his Diocese. He continues to patronize Johannes Gutenberg, particularly in the printing of releases from the Pontifical Roman Press. Cardinal von Isenburg attends the coronation of Wenceslas of Saxony, and shows his reverence with a gift, and elegantly printed copy of Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, by Chrétien de Troyes. In his capacity as Archchancellor of Germany, he presents his regular reports the co-kings. His reports indicate that, over the last two years, his campaign against corruption has raised the imperial revenue by nearly 5%. He intends to continue, with the support of the Kings of Germany, increasing the oversight and control of the Emperor over the Imperial immediacies, to bring them more tightly into line with the will of their monarch.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The trade with Mali and the natives in Santo Andre continues to grow with the profits being diverted to improve the conditions of the other colonies while also funding the expansion of the trade post in Santo Andre. Meanwhile, the queen and her best friend ceebrate their 13th birthday. The royal navy begins a series of naval exercises to prepare for future wars and also implements a series of reforms to make it easier for commanders to issue orders in a timely manner.
  • Kingdom of Maabar: Vilkhit's great infrastructure projects brings great trade to Madruai. He commissions a new Temple in Korkai. In Korkai the large hulled ships have cannons equipped on them and the forts in the north are maintained to keep them in good order. A New fort and bridge begin construction on the Kaveri. Small contingents of the royal guard are sent around to train rural farmers. Trade companies are set up in what ports will allow in the East Indies.
  • Swiss Confederacy: 3,000 Swiss mercenaries travel south, where they use Arlesian and/or Papal ships to travel with those forces to aid the Latin Empire against the ruthless violence of the Byzantines. The bishops of the Swiss Confederacy condemn the violence against Catholic monks of the Massacre of Arta. As the Inquisition in Greece turns into a military conflict, the Swiss priests who travelled there flee back to Europe lest they fall victim to similar violence as at Arta. 2,000 Swiss mercenaries remain in Arles to aid King Lucas of Arles against Modena, though the Central Council considers redirecting these to protect the Catholic Church in the Latin Empire. Meanwhile, the Central Council continues to pay attention to the political situation in the British Isles, particularly the renewed tensions between the ruling House of York of England and the House of Beaufort. Hearing that Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick is in a general alliance with Edward Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, Eberhard, Count of Lenzburg proposes to arrange a marriage between Henry Beaufort (b. 1457), the son and heir of the Duke of Somerset, and Blanche Courtenay (b. 1458), the sister of Godfrey Courtenay, the heir apparent to the Earldom of Devon and the heir presumptive to the Earldom of Warwick. (Mod response). Since they would be second cousins, Count Eberhard also writes to Pope Anastasius VI to ask him to provide a dispensation for this marriage. (Papal response) The copy of The Death of Arthur sent from Rome arrives at the library of the University of Basel. The scholars at the University make further copies of the book using their printing press, and some of these are sent to the Zürich Library and Bern Library. The spread of these books in Switzerland causes Arthurian mythology to become popular amongst nobles and clergy in the nation. Having talked about this ten years ago with the then-Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund II but not having received a clear answer then, the Central Council writes to the new Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus, proposing that the County of Lenzburg be elevated to a Duchy given its political and economic importance in the Alpine region, as the Count of Lenzburg is the effective chairman of the Central Council of the Swiss Confederacy. (Saxony response). At this point, the witchcraft trials in the Swiss Confederacy have largely ceased, though the Inquisition remains active in the nation, led by Bishop of Chur Ortlieb von Brandis, Grand Inquisitor of the Swiss Confederacy. Domestically, the government works on recruiting peasants to be lumberjacks in order to improve the wood production for construction, manufacture and trade, boosting the economy. The joint military of the Confederacy focuses on improving the fortifications of Zürich, the most populous city in the nation, by building new watchtowers. Bishop of Augsburg Jakob Goffredi dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Franciscan friar Ulrich Geislinger, meaning the diocese has now been represented by bishops from five different holy orders in the past fifty years (the others being the Carmelites, the Order of Divine Mercy/Mercedines, Dominicans and Premonstratensians/Norbertines). Godfrey Courtenay and Isabel Neville have their second child, a daughter named Cecily (b. 1473). Later in the year, Maria von Lenzburg and Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria-Munich, have their second child, a son named Albert V (b. 1473).
    • Marriage accepted.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI agrees and gives the marriage dispensation.
    • Saxony: Wenceslaus agrees to elevate Lenzburg to a Duchy, as this mirrors its importance, and because he is grateful for the support Lenzburg has shown his Duchy and the Empire over the years.
  • Vinland: The population grows to 4,190. Dogajavick, Elufsker, Shamyeby, Hallrberga grow this year. The trade post at Keathutberga is active once more. Osmundsson’s homestead grows by a longhouse as the family of Bjorn Svendsson moves in.
    • Skogrfjalland: The Norse population rises. The trade outpost at Vestelfrland is sacked by Gaspeaog Mi’kmaq and essentially destroyed. Erik Hrothgarsson is outraged and begins planning for another expedition. In technological news, the few smithies left on the island, mostly in Elufsker, are the center for the crude metallurgy. More swords are smelted this year, possibly in preparation for some type of conflict. Runby grows this year and becomes the center of the island’s 50-strong Christian population. A young woman named Astrid converts to Christianity. A new hamlet is founded on the edge of Norse territory and is named Ostvoll. Linguistically, a new word for the mixed race population develops: Svartfolk, which alludes to the Norse perception of them as dark and dirty.
    • Dogajavick-Shamyeby: The population rises. By this year, the trade route between Dogajavick and Shamyeby has become easily identifiable and well traversed. The port of Shamyeby is now a wooden structure frequented by longboats to and from Keathutberga. Seafarers hear of the news of the destruction of the outpost at Vestelfrland and seize upon the opportunity. Rather hastily, sailors set out from Shamyeby and land at Vestelfrland several days later, where they find the Norse ruins. The Mi’kmaq recognizes the tvafolk and are more welcoming towards them. An outpost is erected. In other news, Hjalfar begins planning to ask the Esgigeoag tribe to enter into the tribal confederacy. Hearing about the strange metallurgical actions in Skogrfjalland, Hjalfar orders the construction of new longships and bows. Dogajavick constructs a road towards the ocean in order to build a port of their own and capitalize on trade. This is begrudgingly accepted by the people of Shamyeby at the 1473 Thing.
    • Beothuk: The Beothuk are predominant in the center of the island. They are mostly hunter-gatherers. They hear about the centralization of the Norse folk and their cousins. In response, there are rumblings among the Beothuk families of a need to confederalize as well, however communication is difficult due to the low population density.
  • Novogrod-Tver (all Rus'): Grand Kniaz Mikhail III Borisovich. continues his invasion of the Princes of Ryazan, Smolesk and Moscuvy focusing first on Smolesk to prevent any possible intervention from Poland and to prevent Smolesk from joining forces with Ryazan, leading 25,000 trops to bear against Smolesk's forces. Calling on the city of Smolesk's merchants to aid. Kiev is also called to muster troops to assist and provide a distraction for Ryazan so as to prevent them from fully supporting Smolesk. The armies of Mikhail are split into a centre, a right and a left flank with the centre being mainly infantry a mix of pikemen, crossbowmen and small number of arquebuers in the mix in a one to seven ratio. While the flanks are made up predominantly of cavalry made up of a mix of light and heavy calvary made up of the veteran cavalry that fought consistently against the Tartars. AN effort to envelope the flanks of the Smolesk Army care made by the harrassing cavalry. Efforts to maintrain ties and support the revolting merchants in Ryazan and Moscuvy continue. Following the Outcome the battle Mikhail III sends for Pskov to supply reinforcements atleast 4,000 and move to regroup his men to cut the remnants of the Smolesk army away from the city of Smolesk, secret envoys are sent to the Smolesk merchants and artisans to rise up against the Prince of Smolesk and to let the Novogrod-Tver troops in to realize the establishment of a merchant city. cannons are brought in in case of a siege aand also to assist in field. War Wagons are set up as a defensive measure around the camps and also as a means of blockading supplies to the enemy. Kiev is ordered to continue tieing up the enemy forces and to help cut off smolesk from Rzayan and Moscuvy. An outfit of some 2,000 mercenaries is also raised in Novogrod made up of Finns, and Rus' mainly.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: With Irelands forces now concentrated in Cork, their defenses against invasion are much lowered in the Ulster region. Deciding that it is now or never, King Edward decides to, as his last great act, lead the invasion of Ireland. Gathering as many Scottish forces as possible and with the full force of the Scottish Navy supporting the landing, we kick of the invasion of ireland with a mass landing in Ulster, intending to quickly sieze and fortify the region against any potential Irish counterattack. (Algorithm needed). This force is personally lead by King Edward himself, and as we land we call upon all true Irishmen to rise in rebellion against the false king, promising vastly increased rights and privileges for them.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": King John Leonard V becoming king now mostly moves back to Lotharingia, although he does appoint a prince regent. This regent being the Lord of Aerschot Filips I van Croÿ as he is a very influencial and diplomacy oriented. His position being one needed for if John has to make voyages to spain as King consort of the kingdom, as John does not always want to be separated from his wife. Leonard bringing Hessian and Lotharingian culture to the court in Toledo as some of advisors stay in the Kingdom of Spain, these being mostly diplomats and closer friends to the king himself. The KWAC having hope but also some fear with the new king, as they want to keep the status quo in relations to the king. Meanwhile, a boom has started in Hoekbaai, Etula, Uurwald as slave trade from Congo, and the Oyo empire increases. This being partially the effect of the Oyo-KWAC compact, as slave labour is needed for the banana planting which is starting to be picked up in Sherbo Island by the Azienda du Blu.
  • Hanseatic League: As a new year dawns and the Baltic thaws, the non-stop trade of the Hanseatic League continues to guide German economics into a daring, new age. Every year, representatives of the Hanseatic League (Ratssendeboten) meet at an assembly in Lübeck known as the Tagfahrt. However, since the mid-14th century, the aldermen of the League have had the true say in what happens in these meetings. The League has come a long way since the days of its early inception. Civility reigned; if a consensus was threatened that may benefit the League as a whole, an alternative idea was not proposed. Something, after all, is better than nothing. Now, however, the central states of the Hanseatic League dominate trade and therefore hold significant sway over the politics of the region. The Hanseatic League recognizes four men who represent the entire central political entity and who also hold considerable sway over those who may not be governed by Hanseatic ideals. They are as follows: the Bürgermeister of Lübeck and Hamburg - Simon Burkhart, who share a mayor and who hold the final say in where shipments throughout the four regions go; Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who determine the prices of salt; the Prince-Admiral of Rostock Christopher von Warnow, who holds a permanent hereditary military position; and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Baldwin of Venden, who holds significant sway over ecumenical politics in the Baltic. Houses Ascania and Welf have an agreement to alternate control over the Principality of Lüneburg, which has kept the peace for some time. This also prevents the region from slipping out of the hands of either house. With Pomerania-Stettin being brought ever deeper into the fold of the Hanseatic League, trade along the Baltic becomes more lucrative than ever. The Baltic Duchies also see a heavy increase in trade due to the lack of organized interference from Pomerania. However, piracy continues to affect the Baltic. Rostock and Kiel shipyards pump out bulks en masse. To protect their convoys against the pirates, the Hanseatic League employs ships known as the Orlogship. These ships have historically been equipped with crossbows and catapults. The Hakenbüchse (Arquebus) is becoming increasingly common on Hanseatic Ships. Others are being fitted with the Culverin, a small cannon that yields devastating results at close range. Nine carracks are built at Kiel with another six being built in Rostock. They join the convoys that already criss-cross the Baltic and North Sea in a seemingly unending parade. The Hanseatic League has been responsible for defusing a number of close calls that could have easily led to war simply with the power of her pocketbook and navy. The fortifications around Cuxhaven and Heligoland are expanded, stoneworks rising ever higher to defend the coastline of the entrance to the North Sea and the Baltic. The North Sea is quickly becoming safer by the day, allowing goods to flood into Dublin and now as far away as Reykjavik. The Kontor in Bergen sees extensive renovations as both the British Isles and, to a certain degree, Norway are used as halfway points for ships on long journeys or for convoys to unload mass amounts of cargo. This cargo is either picked up by Hanseatic traders or by traders from the Kontors' host country. With the war between Scotland and Ireland, trade to both countries is affected, yet ships still slip in under close guard. The port in Swansea sees large-scale construction underway, with drydocks and workshops being constructed along the new pier. Smiths also set up shop in and around the area, which will produce nails and tools. Due to the new shipping lanes in Mali, exotic African goods make their way into Hanseatic ports, which in turn are sold throughout Europe. The Malinese accepted Hanseatic trade deals to break monopolies in Europe and that is precisely what it intends to do. However, with competition from Portugal (an unknown and non-German entity) and Lotharingia (an ally, yet a powerful one at that), along with potential pirates in the area, lead to the Hanseatic League issuing the Heligoland Accord: a stipend from the government for any captain willing to accompany convoys to protect them and to carry goods themselves. A convoy establishes contact with Oyo. Intrigued in the wares of the land, a series of trade routes diverging from the Malinese routes and covering Oyo ports are drafted and proposed to Oyo.' The recent acquisition of Royal Prussia is celebrated throughout the League. For some time now, Danzig and many other German cities have lived under a Polish regime. Elated to live under a German regime once more, trade from these cities explodes. Danzig sees a marked growth in its markets this year. However, not everyone is happy about the regime change: Poles that had enjoyed rule under the previous and strong Polish king leave in droves or practice acts of disorder against the Hanseatic League. Enforcers by trade guilds are hired by Danzig and begin cracking down on such behavior, perhaps with a little too much fervor.

1474

Various states across the Catholic world assemble their armies in Turin for the Holy War against the Greeks, consisting of 6,000 troops across Germany and Italy. This also includes support from the Crusader armies of the Hospitallers and the Order of Bari. The Kingdom of Cyprus likewise is forced to support the Venetians due to the current regent.

With the Scottish invasion of Ireland, Richard Neville officially leaves King Henry's court and alligns himself with the Lancastrian claimant Edward Beaufort. The Lancastrian armies begin to siege Gloucester, and call on familial relations in Germany to support their position.

After the largely inconclusive battle of Rzhev, the Rus armies split up in an attempt to secure defenses for both Smolensk and Moscow.

Nations in the Balkans, mainly Serbia and Hungary, makes certain revolutions in gunpowder technology. The Trunnion is invented, allowing cannons to be tilted and adjusted on the battle field. India and Burma both have developed larger siege cannons as well, including some that are transported on wheels. Arquebuses are first used in Central and Southern India. In China, the "thunderbombs" are a kind of bamboo grenade developed by the Tian Dynasty, which they share with Korea.

Stephen III of Moldavia continues to war against the Tartars, and siezes control of Odessa.

The Republic of Venice creates the first patent system.

Various church chants are composed in the Flemish language by Guillaume du Fayt.

Gomes de Azaura completes a chronicle of Portuguese history.

  • Saxony: Hearing that Edward Beaufort is besieging Gloucester, Wenceslaus III sends 5,000 Saxon troops to aid his relative and the Lancastrian cause in his capacity as Duke. However, he is reulctant to involve the rest of the Holy Roman Empire in the conflict, and so does not employ any Imperial troops on behalf of Beaufort. However, after hearing trade restrictions will be imposed by England on German courts if they support the Beauforts , the Duke vows not to send any more soldiers, though it is too late to recall the ones alreday sent now. Meanwhile, he elevates the Counties of Upper and Lower Mark to Margraviates to reflect their position as marches of the Holy Roman Empire, on the Rhine border. Wenceslaus also assures Cardinal von Isenburg that he has his full support to continue his good work for the Empire, and is grateful for his gift of Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, which he finds a most delightful work.
  • Kingdom of England: With the recent death of Edward V and resurgence of conflict with the Beauforts, Henry VI feels the need to search through his conscience and for religious guidance, recently elevated by the election of Thomas Bourchier, the former Archbishop of Canterbury to the Papacy. After many long hours of prayer and mediation, Henry VI writes to his former archbishop, asking him to publicly reaffirm that he is the man divinely blessed by God to rule England via a papal bull (PAPAL DIP RESPONSE). After this period of recluse and religious enlightenment, the news of the now departed Richard Neville reaches the King. His sudden disappearance is initially one of suspicion, which is confirmed when news reaches the crown that he has fled for Dublin. Edward (Henry VI’s son), Duke of York, meets with lords in York and beyond, and demands for them to raise up an army, who become incentivized by tax breaks and privileges to efficiently raise up men to go and fight the Beaufort scourage in Glocester. Two lords in particular, Lords Percy and Stanley, are beyond successful in their endeavor, and raise a moderate army numbering 20,000 which are headed by the Duke of York ready for battle. Their efforts are praised for raising such a numerous force on short notice. The fighting in the city progresses well at first, and at one point during the battle tips heavily in Yorkshire favor. (ALGO REQUIRED). The Beaufort call for family to aid their cause is met with a chuckle, even to Elizabeth of Beaufort, Edward of York’s spouse. Seeing that this at was a desperate call to arms, Henry VI makes it known that any German courts who support the Beauforts would be restricted from English trade markets, and in turn ask that the Hanseatic League, helps us in enforcing this policy. (HANSEATIC DIP RESPONSE). The situation in Ireland is looked upon with grave concern, and to many advisors it demonstrates the failed effectiveness of the Celtic Confederacy. Whatever, if any public display of unity existed, it was absolutely shattered by Scottish aggression, and that this “confederation” is as laughable as a donkeys arse to be blessed by the clergy. Letters and gifts of kinship are shared with our all branches of our family, but in particular our family across the channel.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The Empire enters a period of mourning as the Empress Dowager Sofia passes away at her beloved Water Gardens. Her imminent death being well known, much of her family had attended her during her final days at the Water Gardens, including her sons, the Emperor Tewodros II and the Prince Amda Seyon, who briefly left the siege of Yemen to be with his mother during her final hours. The Princess Nyala also attends along with her sister-in-law the Empress Zoya and the Crown Prince, the Prince of Kaffa, Tewodros III. As a sign of respect for his mother Amda Seyon does not bring his wife, the Princess Borgia, whom the Empress Dowager still resents even on her deathbed. The Empress passes away surrounded by her loved ones in the place she most enjoyed in the Empire. A long period of mourning is declared and the Empress Dowager is interned at the Imperial Mausoleum with her husband, the Emperor Tewodros the Great. Thousands mourn the well-liked Roman Princess who became one of the most powerful and influential members of the Ethiopian Court. With the two brothers Tewodros II and Amda Seyon meeting in person they discuss the war. While the siege continues successfully, the Emperor is alarmed by the loss of life and the length of time the city’s siege has been continuing. He considers offering terms of surrender to the Yemeni, however the Prince Amda Seyon is adamant that total victory is near and can be achieved, knowing that while Ethiopian losses have been high they have been equally high or even higher on the Yemeni side. He insists that the siege must continue, else the sacrifices of the soldiers who died before will be wasted. The Emperor is convinced, and orders his brother to continue the siege until the city is captured. The Siege of Aden continues into year five, with the dwindling Yemeni garrison under constant attack by Ethiopian archers, skirmishers, and artillery [ALGO NEEDED].
  • Kingdom of Arles: We chase the Modenans out of La Spezia. Altisi was seen to be bravely charging into battle, his first lunge slicing the head off a Modenan horseman. This leads to him being nicknamed Altisi 'Sharparm.' 6,000 troops stay in La Spezia to suppress any rowdy peasants. the remaining 12,000 troops head out towards Cerreto Laghi and set up base there, preparing for an assault on Sassuolo. Meanwhile, we offer transport ships to any country to aid the Latin Empire. We invite the Swiss to recall the 2,000 mercenaries as we realise that the situation in the Latin Empire is more important and the situation against Modena is under control. (SWISS RESPONSE) The economy is improved and two 2.1 Carrackés are built.
    • Pisa: Philippe Lowen passes away and his only son Philippe II takes control. The Lowen Fort is now halfway built.
    • Swiss Diplomacy: The Central Council agrees with King Lucas of Arles' reasoning and the 2,000 Swiss mercenaries in Arles are recalled back to the Swiss Confederacy.
  • Kingdom of Wales: With the re-ignition of the War of the Roses, King Edmund considers his choices, on the one hand, his older brother, King Henry VI of England, with whom relations have soured exponentially over the past few years, especially after King Edmund decided to disinherit his brother from succession to the Welsh throne, at the behest of the Welsh parliament in Cardiff, in response to his father disinhereting King Edmund from succession to the English throne, after pressure from the allied Kingdom of Scotland, whose interests laid into keeping the two realms, England and Wales respectively, seperated. On the other hand, Edward Beaufort, formely a fierce rival, now the main Lancasterian claimant, who is allied with Owen Tudor, another previously fierce rival and currently claimant to the throne of Wales. However our ally's, Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick's recent re-alignment with the Lancasterian side changes everything now, along with vile High King Eadbhard's realignment in support of Henry VI of England, abandoning his former Lancasterian allies in their time of need, like the backstabbing cut-throat he is. Therefore King Edmund of Wales actively seeks a rapprochement with House Lancaster, offering his military support to Edward Beaufort against his brother, King Henry VI, for the crown of England. In exchange he demands the recognition of the independence of his realm, the Kingdom of Wales, from the Kingdom of England entirely, along with the renounciation of all claims to it by England. (Mod Response) He does not however limit his actions to initiating negotiations with Edward Beaufort alone, offering the royal pardon, as well as his estates back, to be returned after the conclusion of the ongoing phase of the War of the Roses, to Owen Tudor, whose family has fought bravely in the Welsh War of Independence, requesting him to renounce his claim to the throne of Wales once and for all in exchange, appealing to his sense of patriotism, beseeching him to accept for the sake of preservation of the unity of the Welsh nobility in these trying times, even though we have essentially been enemies for decades now, there is something greater to behold, our shared dedication to the independent of the Kindgom of Wales from the Kingdom of England. (Mod Response) The two newly established printing shops in Cardiff and Caernarfon have proven to be commercial successes, continue circulating best sellers like the Welsh language version of the Bible, "Sinclar's Adventures" and other already popular books, now rendering them affordable even for the lower nobility, the merchant class and the commoners. With the ongoing war, construction of new caravels and ships for our navy is halted in its entirety for the time being, as the vast majority of our resources are dedicated into our army. King Edmund of Wales raises a force of 12,000 men from all across Wales, flying the fearsome and sacred banner of Saint Owen [Lawgoch], as they rally in defense of their homeland. King Edmund then proceeds to take personal command of the main force of 8,000 men, marching towards Gloucester, in support of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick's and Edward Beaufort's forces, against King Henry's English forces, as brother against brother, they clash against one another. [ALGO REQUESTED] The additional 4,000 men are left back home as reserves, under the command of the 18-year-old Myrddin (Merlin) ap Cadfael (Bruce) of Gwynedd, remaining in the region to oppose any potential Irish landing, in the case that his father is unsuccessful in crushing the Irish fleet at sea and putting a permanent end at the threat of an invasion from Eiru. [ALGO REQUESTED]. Additionally, King Edmund of Wales attempts to recruit mercenaries from the continent in order to bolster his forces for the ongoing conflict, reaching to our contracts in France and other Western European states, given the good relations we still enjoiy with them. (Mod Response). The construction of the another additional two Caravels is completed, finishing up before the war kicked in. This brings our total fleet to six caravels. Those warships along with the rest of the Welsh navy [The entirety of the Welsh navy] under the command of their newly appointed Admiral and loyal ally, Duke Cadfael ap Alisdair of Gwynedd, instructed to patrol the Irish Sea, to prevent any hostile states, such as the High Kingdom of Eiru, from crossing across the sea to provide support to King Henry VI of England, by engaging with any and all Irish fleets in the Irish Sea, avoiding engagement only in face of overwhelming odds against him and harassing the Irish fleet instead, denying High King Eadbhard the ability to intervene in the War of the Roses and reinforce King Henry VI's forces. [NAVAL ALGO REQUESTED] King Edmund continues to promote the reconciliation of his realm, divided into two similar yet starkly different halves, the Pura Walia region, dominanated by the independent minded Welsh nobility and the Marchia Walliae region, dominanated by the Anglo-Norman nobility, by encouraging the adoption of Welsh customs and traditions by the Anglo-Norman part of his nobility, furthermore encouraging marriages between the Anglo-Normans and Welsh noble families, with a bit more success thus far, as a few more Yorkist supporting loyalist Anglo-Norman noble families that have good relations with King Edmund only follow suit by adopting some Welsh customs and traditions and/or intermarrying with the Welsh nobility for the time being. The ongoing war serves to further the worship of Saint Owain (Lawgoch), although already extremely popular on its own, now becomes a rallying cry for the Welshmen as they go on to clash with unprecedented ferocity against King Henry VI's detested English forces. With the resounding commercial success that the introduction of Guttenberg's printing press had on our realm, King Edmund is rather eager to persue other such projects to strengthen his realm, lately his attention falls unto the silk-weaving technology, that has been recently introduced into Western Europe, the French cities of Lyon and Beziers were the first that this exquisite technology that allows the production of such fine silk clothing appered. Furthermore, King Edmund personally requests assistance from our ally, King Henry II of France in the ongoing War of the Roses against King Henry VI of England, given our almost a century old alliance between our two realms. (Mod Response)
    • Edward Beufort and the Welsh nobles wasn't claiming Wales in the first place
    • The Welsh nobles wants their titles fully reinstated
    • I told you in DM your total military was 8-10k, why did you raise it to 12k? Nevertheless, this number could be achieved with mercenaries
    • France is remaining neuteral
  • Dai Viet: To make it easier for the government to account the people's household and land ownership status, a new law is made regarding the merge of the household register and the land register. The population of the Vietnamese people migrating in to the south has been increasing for the last thirty years. They have been marrying ethnic minorities like the Cham people as it was previously the land of Champa. The progress of culture assimilation of the Cham continues to be conducted, as per last year the Emperor forces them to register a three-word name, as well as forcing them to practice Vietnamese culture since the beginning of the annexation. As the Vietnamese population has been increasing in the south, infrastructure renovations are conducted in two major cities of Hue and Cha Ban (Vijaya), as well as the establishment of the new port of Hoi An, as an another effort to help boosting trade. Meanwhile, diplomatic envoys Le Hoang Duc, Nguyen Don Phuc, Ngo Loi, Nghien Nhan Tho and Nguyen Dinh My are sent to China to pay the annual tribute to Tian China, as well as requesting a trading market between Vietnamese and Chinese merchants to be opened in Nanning to further increase trade with China. (Mod Response). An manifesto is made by the Emperor of reminding the Imperial Court’s mandarins of earlier loyalists of the Tran dynasty and encouraged them to be the same, with rewards given to their family and later generations after they pass away. With Princess Thanh Toai living in Majapahit, gifts from the Emperor to the Princess are occasionally given to her transported by Royal Ships driven by court mandarins, and her job is to inform them of any suspicious or notable activities happening in Majapahit. She has also given birth to a baby boy. Lan Xang sends their tribute of local products to Dai Viet. Vietnamese merchants have sailed to Vijayanagara and request trade (Mod Response).
    • China and Deccan states agree to trade
  • Hindustan (Gurkani Dynasty): The city of Tabarhinda (Bhatinda) home to Qila Mubarak (Fort) was made the capital of the Subah of Punjab in 1435. Makhdoom Ali Mahimi died in 1437 and the Maharajah who had been profoundly influenced by his views, ordered the construction of a grand Dargah in what is now called Mahim. This small island port on the West Coast of India has grown into a bustling port city rivalling the likes of Surat and Cambay. The ascension of Maharajah Adam Shah, himself a devotee of one of the major syncretic sects which came from a merger of the Bhakti and Sufi traditions around Delhi and assimilated the Nizamuddin Sufi, ushered in an era of further religious syncretism between Hinduism and Islam, being a scholar of Astronomy, he had kept the shools and Madrassas established by his predecessors alive and had expanded these centers of learning. Furthermore, the nobility and a large part of the Muslim and non-Muslim population had begun following the syncretic sects as the Sufi and Bhakti movements had completely merged and existed in the form of different sects. The powers of the Ulama and the Brahmins had severely weakened by now and the Ulama had become irrelevant to state administration in the time of Ulugh Beg. The new sects preached the Oneness of God, the feeling of brotherhood and mutual respect, charity and the idea of “live and let live”. A large number of Gurus and Saints preached as the center of religious life shifted away from the Mosques and began to shift away from the Temples. The Sufi-Bhakti movements led an era of religious reform. While the Orthodox Ulama completely rejected the new movements as heresies, great debates were held between the Saints and Gurus at one side and the Brahmins on the other side. The Sufi-Bhakti movement as it is now called by historians reached its peak under the reign of Maharajah Adam Shah and remained as the strongest religious force in Indian society for centuries to come. At this point of time, Orthodox Islam had become a minority with only a few people retaining their Sunni beliefs, most notably the Muslims of the trading community did not come under the influence of these movements. Several Hindu orthodox sects remained in different parts of the country and never directly clashed with the movement being pluralistic themselves. Several Sufi-Bhakti shrines exist across the land and people make pilgrimages to these shrines. Khanqahs have become the main feature of religious life in the cities and towns with people of all religions gathering there to listen to the sermons of the visiting Gurus and Saints. The Gurus and Saints stay in the Khanqahs and the Khanqahs also act as schools for people who want to learn the doctrines of the sect. Different Khanqahs are controlled by different sects however, the sects generally consider themselves as belonging to the same movement and are pluralistic and tolerant in nature. As such several large Khanqahs have been built under the reign of the Maharajah and his father and older Khanqahs have been expanded. Delhi itself is home to 5 large Khanqahs. In the matters of administration, Maharjah Adam Shah oversaw the complete implementation of the Dustur and has added his father’s and his own reforms to it. Most of the power is held by the Chalisa with the Maharajah busying himself with scholarly and religious matters. Every month a Grand Religious Darbar is held in Delhi where the Maharajah invites all the men of religion of Delhi and those travelling in the area and discusses with them and hears their debates. The Chalisa has decided to conquer the Kingdom of Kalinga and subjugate their vassal tribes, for this an army of 70,000 is sent to Kalinga under the command of General Hamid Khan. (ALGO REQUIRED).
  • Kingdom of Eiru: When the entire Scottish army started assembling in western Scotland there was concern but Scotland did not declare war and there was a belief based upon convention, they would declare war before they invaded. When Scotland without warning and without cause invades after we created a new alliance with the Yorkists and affirmed our support for their supposed allies who they have just betrayed. Many nobles feel that King Edward of Scotland is a repeated liar because of his actions toward England and Ireland. They can't trust him and treat his not particularly generous offer with contempt. Most nobles feel that King Edward of Scotland hasn’t promised them personally anything in particular and his promises are vague to the point of not even being promises and it’s unlikely since how he rules in Scotland, he would follow them through. He didn’t ask the Scottish Parliament if they believed this war was a good idea because he doesn’t consult his Parliament and he has raised his entire levy to fight in a war of no benefit to the levies. Scotland’s personal union with the Burgundians is not looked upon favourably because they’re European. Many Irish nobles worry about the tyrannical character of the King of Scotland not being in line with the promises made. The so-called King of Wales has declared war on his own brother which is fratricide and started attacks without cause against Irish trade leading to many merchants being angry at Wales along with anger over his attempted fratricide. Indignation in Dublin at a surprise and random invasion is fierce. The King does not attend Parliament relying on his supporters to speak on his behalf, the Lords and Commons of Parliament turn out in full amour and weapons and pass a declaration of war with Scotland committing Parliament to remove all Scots from Ireland and reaffirming support for King Eadbhard unanimously, maybe there were dissenters but the threat of violence led them to keep quiet during the gathering. The Scottish invasion is denounced as nothing more than a war of aggression, promises to Irish nobles are denounced because they’re made by a King who betrays his allies and runs his country with an iron fist. Ireland prepares for a war against a King whose reputation in Ireland is one of a liar and a tyrant. Lords Percy and Stanley return via the Celtic sea to London on a single nathair to join with King Henry and fight against their rival Warwick.
    • War plan: Parliament grants the mayors of Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Derry and Coleraine permission and funds to raise 700 troops each from the town and surrounding lands to garrison their fortifications. The King due to his age stays in Dublin and leaves his sons Aodh and Fionbharr to assemble the main host who will employ a Fabian strategy of avoiding battle. Some 4,000 troops under Aodh and Fionbharr move to Omagh unless the Scottish army are already there in which case, they move to Enniskillen and if the Scots follow them, they will go to Carrick-on-the-Shannon then if they continue pursuit to Athlone. If the Scots wish to attack them at Athlone they can do so against sharpened stakes and ditches and other field fortifications with the Shannon protecting one flank and Carn bog protecting the other. Following the Irish all the way to Athlone would lead the Scots a long way from their supply line and vulnerable to attacks in the rear by irregulars If the Scots at any point stop following them, we keep a healthy distance.
    • Some 7,000 Irish troops are sent to act as irregulars, moving in small groups over rough terrain unsuitable for cavalry and large armies, led by local guides and leaders from whichever area they originate from and enter Ulster targeting foraging and scouting parties. Locals of Ulster are told to hide their grain and livestock because anything the Scots find they will steal. The war plan is to just hold the ports and avoid fighting the Scottish army in battle until they are forced to either launch desperate attacks or go home.
    • Naval plan: The fleet concentrates at Galway and starts sailing out into the Atlantic in ones and twos before turning north and then using the prevailing Westerlies to be downwind of Scottish supply ships. Large Scottish formations are avoided by taking advantage of our lateen sails and smaller ships to sail away from larger bulkier Scottish formations. We make no attempt to control the Irish sea or engage with the Welsh ships.
  • Poland-Lithuania: The Poles and Lithuanians are interested in the current event in Greece. By the way, the commonweatlh continue to growup and more ecomony is improved well some expansion area limit is being fully controlled Polotosk is going well more ships and fleet is being constructed again in the north side the military is mobilized and patrolled the inquistor has also fully investigate in many urban areas in Polish village and Lithuanians the border in north Baltic is fully established a village is up made and approved by Casimir IV and Elizabeth of Austria, so far the trade is going well the canal will take a year to finish it from more merchants came out, by wise a Typically a nobleman's landholding comprised some folwark, a large farmer worked by serfs to produce surpluses for internal and external trade from this ecomonic is would work arangement well for ranger class the urban population becomes low according for the state with pre-occupations, they sent an act of average and sometime they put more businesse from the development and the Lithuanian-Baltic trades in europe some coupled with the szlachta's privileged position when compared to the bourgeoisie in the duchy and the kingdom Casimir IV resulted a fairly low social progress thus a rather slow development of agriculture some effort that Casimir IV attempts to hold absolute monarchy with more strongest more cities is recovering and towns are being christianized and batpised the Poles is investigate Tabor if there are any taborites case followed by the inquisitor and view them as the heresey and protect the christendom the Poles become to help the poor and finacing them to protect against those evil and more urban is being recovering and constructed additionally raise more people in the country in Doruchow the investigations is becoming really serious to remove those heresey and those investigator Casimir IV would like to send a letter to the Papal State and Latin empire,for a military interventions in greece to protect the catholic and send their soldiers to protect the western borders which are catholic, and major who could support our hope and protect the catholic church and a letter is sent to the Papal State if Casimir IV to allow them to join it. (Papal/latin response).
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya: The appearance of traders from the Kingdom of Maabar in large amounts establishing trade posts and companies raises concerns from the Penghulu Bendahari who undertakes efforts to ensure that they do not displace or weaken the power of the Ayutthayan government sponsored trade guild. Ayutthayan fortifications along the Mekong River are nearing completion with only minor delays in a few locations with the workers and engineers assigned to them being redirected to the highlands that compose the Khmer-Champa border to work on and complete them. Rama Trailokanat continues to assign ranks by the Sakdina system showing favor to those who are proven capable at administrating and are loyal to allow those possessing said qualities to maintain and develop larger tracts of land with which he encourages them to focus on farmig and exploiting the land to its maximum potential. The Ayutthayan naval campaign against pirates continues into its second year with the implementation of a rewards system that rewards money to those who have contributed aid to the ongoing efforts with the Orang Laut being given encouragement in the form of titles and wealth to continue providing assistance. Laksamana Hang Tuah utilizes the remaining naval forces to protect the trade routes under Ayutthayan control and works closesly with the Temenggung to observe and gather intel on ships and their crews passing through Ayutthayan regions through discrete means. Despite the refusal of Pagaruyang to become tributary, Rama Trailokanat holds no ill will and accepts their willingness to become closer and friendlier with Ayutthaya allowing them to pass through Ayutthayan holdings. The development of siege cannons in Burma and India has piqued the interest of Ayutthaya's officers who insist on launching an analysis of the weapon for consideration of its potential production in Ayutthaya. A request is sent to Toungoo requesting permission for Ayutthayan officers and craftsman to observe and examine the improved siege cannon they developed. (Mod Response). Interest in the Ceylon region has prompted the deployment of envoys to request friendly relations between the Kingdom of Kotte and Ayutthaya. (Mod Response). A tributary mission to China is organized alongside another mission to Bodh Gaya once again after a delayed amount of time due to the turmoil in recent years. Dhammazedi continues his tutelage of the Crown Prince teaching him of many qualities befitting a ruler and educating him in the many subjects he will need to master in order to ascend to the kingship. Integration of new regions across Ayutthaya proceed with their being minor difficulties in some of the regions with populations still not comfortable with Ayutthayan control primarily in the Lan Xang region of Ayutthaya where the people have been in conflict with Ayutthayan forces many times as a result of the wars of the past. Tun Perak insist on the deployment of the police and security forces under the Temmengung into the region in order to pacify the unrest. The arquebus continues to see small scale production and assignment to troops who had originally used the hand cannon as a replacement for those weapons.
    • Toungoo does not consider that good enough reason to share the technology.
    • Ceylon accepts trade relations.
  • Iceland: As the Scottish invasion begins Domnhall continues with his funding of Ireland and Corinth. The king also finally sets sail and tries to reach Vinland for the first half of his expedition of Islandika. As Cardinal Secretary Ari has passed away Arnar, Prince of Greenland, is sent for the funeral. Arnar asks the pope if Iceland can send 2,000 men along with the Papal army to Greece.(Papal response needed).
    • Papal diplomacy: Pope Anastasius VI allows that and says that all help is welcome.
  • Papal States: Seeing the growing conflict in England leaves Pope Anastasius VI apprehensive. During his time as Archbishop of Canterbury he was a good friend of both Edmund and Henry of York to the point that he can't choose a side. With Emperor Wenceslas supporting the Beauforts, in a time where the cooperation between Imperial and Papal powers are necessary due to menace of heretics, the pontiff decides to remain neutral in this conflict for now, this way focusing his attention in the war against the Greeks. The pontiff decides to send 1,500 more men to help there with six cannons produced in the Arsenal of Orvieto. With the popularity of the text "Satanic Byzantium" made by Giuliano Della Rovere, the Papal court start to use the term "Byzantine" to refer to the people of Byzantium. The pope send letters to other Catholic nations (NPCs) asking more help for the Catholics being opressed by the "Byzantines". [MOD response needed, please]. The construction of the new Apostolic Palace and of the Cappella Magna continues. Andrea del Verrochio and Leonardo da Vinci continues to paint the great fresco named "Victory of the Rosary". Piero della Francesca continues to paint the great fresco "Miracle of the Flowers" in the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Hope. The construction of the tower for studies of astronomy continue. All these works of art are financed with the money that was once used to sustain the luxury of the papal court, while the money used to fund the works of charity is intact and only used to help the poor. The production of weapons in the Papal Arsenal of Orvieto continues. Meanwhile, Captain General Domenico Malatesta continues training troops for the Papal Army. The Arsenals of Ostia and Civitavecchia continues to produce ships. Federigo Marin, the new professor of Natural Theology in Saint Augustine's University, use the same field trips that Adalfredo Meccia used. On these field trips, Marin and his pupils visit the Alexandrine Gardens and othe regions of the Papal States to observe the creatures and propose the characteristcs that God gave them to survive. The construction of the Chapel commissioned by deceased Cardinal Ari Sturlungur continues. Johann Burchard now working as Papal Assistant writes in his diary all situations that he see happening in the Papal Court. Giuliano Della Rovere continue his studies of theology at Saint Augustine's University and he continues to hate Rodrigo de Borgia. Giuliano Della Rovere send copies of "Satanic Byzantium" Siena, Modena, Florence and Venice. In this work he compares Basileus Gregorios with Diocletian, even calling him as Basileus Diocletianus II and introduce the word "Byzantine" to refer to the population of Byzantium. He ask the clerics of these nations to spread the horrors of the "Byzantines" and their affinity to Satanism to the people across Italy. [MOD response needed, please]. Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, even now being a cardinal, continue to participate in the works of charity ofthe Mercedine Order. The reforms started by the deceased Cardinal Alfons de Borja in the Church of San Giacomo degli Spagnoli continues under Rodrigo de Borgia. Prince Ársæll Esturlungio continues with the reforms of the Rocca Abbaziale. Rodrigo de Borgia and Vannozza dei Cattanei continue with their affair. This year Vannozza gives birth to Giovanni de Borgia. Philip of Habsburg and Luchina Della Rovere have a daughter named Isabella.
    • Republic of Ancona: New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona, this way making the Republic navy grow in number. The buildings across the Republic continue to be reformed. Books and pamphlets of apologetic and defense of the Catholic Faith are published by the printing press and send to various nations of Europe through the Anconian ships.
  • Novogrod-Tver: Grand Kniaz Mikhail III moves to take advantage of the splitting of the Allied states of Smolesk, Ryzan and Moscuvy. The now reinforced army moves to wipe out the remaining forces of th Kniaz of Smolesk, drawing them into a definitive battle or risk being cut off and encircled. the Tverian Cavalry harrasses and continues to flank and steer the Smolesk forces into a prepared position were War wagons cut off which is used to funnel them into cannon fire for shock value as the infantry and cavalry encircle the forces to crush them.  Following Kniaz Mikhail once more requests that the City of Smolesk open its doors without the need for a iege, requesting the submission of the city. Preperations are made to move of Ryazan with the Tverian and Novgordian cavlary skirmishing the forces of Ryazan and Moscuvy. The forces of Kiev are allowed to rest and start to cut the Moscuvy and Ryazan forces. The icty of Smolesk is completely blockaded since the city doesnt seem to want to submit. Preparations for a siege are laid out with cannons and trebuchets being brought in, and war wagons and garrisons being established around the main camp and along the roads. To raise funds, efforts to expand the revenue from the fur trade to the east begin. 
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The death of a great composer and musician of the Lotharingian school, his name being Guillaume Dufay. Born a bastard but died a hero composer of songs such as L'homme armé one of the most famous songs of the western world, a song made for secular means and adopted by the church. His song L'homme armé becoming a song widely used by the Königliche Lotharingische Armee, often used during masses for the army and sang while marching to their destination. One destination that has been chosen being that of the Greek Empire of Romania, this force being 2,000 soldiers strong. These men having served in the army against the Liege rebellion in the name of King Godfried von Lotharingen, as the man have fought bravely and have proven themself useful in fight against regimes. Thus the force of 2,000 is sent to help the Emperor of Romania Julius Suprano, the soldiers being send to the capital of Athens. The emperor of Romania isgiven control over the soldiers as the Dutch soldiers aren't used to mountainous terrain and the heat related to it. In Africa the trade of Modern lotharingian weapons and fabrics are now traded more and more for Slaves and more importantly gold and ivory. As Lotharingian demands for ivory, gold, coffee, jungle woods and even rice increases, the jungle woods coming from Congo and rice and gold from Mali. Congo being a big pool of manpower and a big market which the KWAC is looking for to exploit.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: The Queen pays a visit to all of the military stationed in the Portuguese trade and colonies. There she makes a marvelous speech which raises their morale significantly. Meanwhile, in Gordes for the first time since it was handed over to Portugal in 1375, the gate of Gordes opens to French people who come to visit Gordes. Mass celebrations are planned with several high standing nobles and people to attend. In addition to this, plans for the upcoming coronation of Queen Cirí III are planned. In response to the inevitable crusade against the Byzantine Empire, the regent decides to support it with a small quantity of their ships.
  • Roman Empire: Basileus Gregorios raises another 10,000 men from the Themes for a total of 30,000 men stationed in Thessaly. He fortifies his men south of Larissa in a mountain pass on the border with Neopatria. His army is composed of 2,000 light cavalry for scouting and pursuing the enemy, 8,000 heavy cavalry, 10,000 heavy infantry, and 10,000 Ankistróploi (heavy wall-gun style arquebuses). Meanwhile, John continues fortifying his position at Gallipoli awaiting a Venetian attack. He also assembles the imperial fleet, numbering 75 warships and an additional 500 converted merchant vessels for a total of 575 ships. In the Aegean, the Imperial Fleet goes on the offensive. 50 Former Barbary pirate ships and Galeas Caraveles are employed to harry the enemy fleet, disrupting the logistics chain required to support the enemy armies. The remaining 525 ships are kept in reserve to defend the capital from a naval invasion. The war is financed with the sale of Bonds of the Faith and People, which are advertised as defending not only Christendom from Satan but also Greco-Roman Civilization from barbarity.
    • [Mod Response]: Seeing the Catholics for the traitors to Christendom that they are, Patriarch Dionysius I calls upon all men of the true faith to come fight for the glory of God against the false believers. His call to arms is distributed by the Imperial press in Greek, Latin, Georgian, Bulgarian, Vlachian, and Russian through Roman trade networks on the Black Sea and the various rivers that drain into it. The hope is to gather support for the defense of Orthodoxy, be it nobility or peasants.
      • Vlad the Impaler, the Prince of Wallachia comes to the Byzantine's aid with 4,000 troops.
    • [Mod Response]: Roman Allies, Dorde of Serbia and Stephen III of Moldavia, are asked for any aid they can spare. Gregorios does write that he recognizes Stephen’s struggles against the Tartars and understands if he has no resources to spare.
      • Stephen can only spare up to 800 men.
    • [Algo Please]: In Asia Minor, Despot Tagaris of Cappadocia leads his army of 7,000 men to throw the Knights Hospitaller from Smyrna before the enemy can reinforce the position. They lay siege to the city but through leaflets offer its Orthodox Greek inhabitants a chance to either flee the city or open the gate before beginning the siege. They are aided in their efforts by several large siege guns, one of which becomes known as the Great Roman Bombard or the Dardanelles Gun.
  • Swiss Confederacy: After the County of Lenzburg is elevated to a Duchy, there are widespread celebrations in both the town of Lenzburg and the city of Schwyz, where the Central Council is convened. Eberhard, the newly elevated Duke of Lenzburg, thanks the Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus. After the diplomacy between King Lucas of Arles and the Swiss Central Council, the 2,000 Swiss mercenaries in Arles are recalled back to their home nation. 1,000 of them are subsequently sent to reinforce the Swiss contingent aiding the Latin Empire, increasing the number of Swiss mercenaries in Greece to 4,000. As the tensions between Ireland and Scotland that the Central Council had been paying attention to erupt into outright war, the Central Council resume their previous stance of supporting King Edward III of Scotland against Ireland. Following discussions in the Central Council, Eberhard, Duke of Lenzburg writes to the Scottish King, offering him the use of 2,000 Swiss mercenaries (the ongoing conflict in Greece restricting the available numbers). (Scotland response) The other conflict that has simultaneously erupted in the British Isles, between the House of York of King Henry VI of England and the House of Beaufort, is more divisive in the Central Council. Currently, with the House of Lenzburg having marital ties to both sides of the English conflict, the Central Council leans towards supporting the Beaufort side because of Wenceslaus III of Saxony (the Holy Roman Emperor)'s support of that side. However, the Central Council does not make any public statements on the York-Beaufort conflict yet. Eberhard, Duke of Lenzburg, whose conflict with his brother Gottfried two decades ago had partially resulted from English succession conflicts ongoing then, also decides to stay publicly neutral for now, also using the stance of the English Pope Anastasius VI, though he also listens to the pro-Beaufort arguments in the Central Council and publicly supports Scotland in the Celtic conflict. The Central Council also pays attention to how the Hanseatic League will react to this conflict. Hearing that the Portuguese nobility were looking for a husband for their young queen, Duke Eberhard writes to them, proposing Amadeus VI of Geneva-Lenzburg (b. 1463), the son and heir of William IV, Count of Geneva, as a potential groom. (Portugal response) As more copies of it are printed in various cities in the nation, The Death of Arthur continues to grow more popular within the Swiss Confederacy. Domestically, the government works on recruiting peasants to be mercenaries because of the large number of conflicts now ongoing in Europe. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes and other border crossings on the northern border of the nation in the Cantons of Basel-Bishopric, Basel-City, Aargau, Schaffhausen and Constance. Bishop of Constance Hermann von Breitenladenburg dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Ludwig von Freiburg. Eiríkur Sturlungur, Prince of Finland (1405-1474) dies of natural causes, and his son Adolph de la Marck (b. 1424) becomes the new Prince of Finland. Later in the year, Antonia of Württemberg (1407-1474), daughter of Margaret von Lenzburg (1380-1445) and widow of King Richard II of England (1411-1468), dies. Godfrey Courtenay and Isabel Neville have their third child, a son named Edmund (b. 1474).
    • Portuguese Diplomacy:The queen accept this betrohal.

Footnotes

Mapa de Borgia XV


MERVEILLES DV MONDE
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