Alternative History
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Kingdom of Mesopotamia
مملكة بلاد الرافدين
mamlakat bilad alrrafidayn
Timeline: All Russian Triumph
OTL equivalent: Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Jordan, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Northern, Al-Jawf, Eastern and Najran provinces
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: 
لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله، مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُوْلُ ٱلله

'Lā ʾilāha ʾillā Llāh, Muḥammadur rasūlu Llāh'

'There is no god but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.'
Royal anthem: 
Royal Anthem of Mesopotamia
Capital and largest cityBaghdad
Other cities Damascus, Aleppo, Kuwait City, Abu Dhabi, Ramallah, Amman, Dubai, Doha, Manama
Official languages Arabic
Religion Sunni Islam
Demonym Mesopotamian
Membership Arab League, BRICS (observer status), United Nations, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, OPEC
Government Unitary islamic absolute monarchy
 -  King Ali
 -  Crown Prince Muhammad bin Khalid Al Rashid
Legislature Royal Council of State
EstablishmentFormation
 -  Coup in Iraq 6 May 1967 
 -  Declaration of Conquest 8 April 1979 
 -  Admitted to the United Nations 9 December 1980 
Area
 -  Total 1.853.854 km2 
715.777 sq mi 
Population
 -   estimate 96.933.699 
 -   census 2021 
GDP (PPP)  estimate
 -  Total $3,364 trillion 
 -  Per capita $34,986 
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .mpt

Mesopotamia, officially the Kingdom of Mesopotamia, often locally referred to as Rashidi Arabia, is a sovereign country and the largest one, located on the Arab peninsula.

It was officially founded on 8 April 1979 at the end of the Great Middle Eastern War (1963-1979), but its origins can be traced back to the Republic of Iraq. In 1967, a coup d'état was orchestrated and Khalid Al Rashid came to power as president of Iraq. Al Rashid had a very close relationship with Russia and its royal family, since as a young man and member of a prestigious and wealthy Iraqi clan, he had afforded to study in the Saint Petersburg University, where he befriended the future Tsar Feodor IV.

When he came to power, Feodor supported him publicly, counter to the popular mood in the United Nations, and encouraged him to take over the Arabian peninsula, with Russian backing, as the World Superpower had finally decided to join the Great Middle Eastern War and on Iraq's side. Khalid managed to conquer Jordan, the Palestine and most of the oil fields of Saudi Arabia due to a score of great victories, won largely due to Russia's arms support. Khalid also easily conquered other smaller oil-producing countries around the Persian Gulf. The USA kept itself out of the war due to a lack of desire to start a war with Russia as well as assurances of fair oil prices.

By 1979, even Israel came to realize victory is impossible and at the urging of exhausted France and Britain, sued for peace. Khalid annexed all the lands he had conquered and founded the Kingdom of Mesopotamia, with himself as king, much to the surprise of many foreign observers.

Nowadays, Mesopotamia is a close ally of Russia and a regional power in the Middle East, being the wealthiest and most powerful country in the region. It has a high standard of living, although it has a dubious human rights record, although unlike many other Muslim majority countries, it has a remarkable tolerance towards non-Muslims.

Etymology

Mesopotamia comes from the ancient name of the region, which formed the core of the former republic of Iraq and is often credited as the "Cradle of civilization". Its origin is in Ancient Greek and literally means "land between rivers", referring to the Tigris-Euphrates river system. The founder Khalid Al Rashid was an avid researcher of history and decided on it as the name of his new kingdom.

History

The Kingdom of Mesopotamia is one of the youngest sovereign countries in the world, dating back to 1979, just 42 years ago. It was founded by Iraqi President Khalid Al Rashid, who conquered the Kingdom of Jordan, Syria, much of the Palestine and most of the Saudi oil fields as well as several smaller Arab states located along the Persian Gulf, with the backing of the Russian Empire. As a result, the Al Rashid dynasty is very Russophile and enjoys a close international relationship with the Romanovs and the Russia.

Over the following decades, Mesopotamia had established itself as the dominant country in the Middle east, rivaled only by Iran and Israel, the latter of which it is in a state of cold war with.

The country's current ruler is King Ali, second son and designated successor of the founder of the kingdom. He has taken to modernizing the social norms of the state as well as making it more appealing to foreign investors. Human Rights Watch report that there has been a steady attempt at limiting the human rights abuses in the country ever since Ali took the throne. The Crown Prince is Muhammad bin Ali, eldest son of King Ali.


Government and Politics

Mesopotamia is a unitary absolute monarchy. All the decisions are taken by the king and his word is law. It is an Islamic state, although it does not use the Sharia as a legal basis. There is no official constitution, but it uses the Al-Rashid Books, a set of principles codified by Khalid I for guidance of his successors. The King governs the country with the aid of the Royal council, which is composed of hand-picked regime loyalists, often from within the family and the most important clans ruling the country.

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