Military intervention against ISIL (Scotland says "Yes")
Part of the Iraqi Civil War (2014–present), Syrian Civil War, Spillover of the Syrian Civil War, Second Libyan Civil War, Sinai insurgency, the Boko Haram insurgency, the Moro Conflict, and the Global War on Terrorism.
Timeline: Scotland says "Yes"

2014 military intervention against ISIS collage

Top: Two U.S. Air Force F-15E Strike Eagle aircraft flying over northern Iraq.

Left: F-22 Raptor refueling before a strike in Syria.

Right: Peshmerga special forces gathered near Syria.

Middle: An American F/A-18C Hornet aboard USS George H W Bush prior to the launch of operations over Iraq.

Bottom: Map of the situation in Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, as of February 8, 2016.

Date 13 June 2014 – 28 September 2018
Location Iraq, Syria, Libya, Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Southeast Asia
Result •Airstrikes on ISIL and al-Qaeda positions in Iraq

•Multinational humanitarian efforts

•Arming and support of local forces and militias

•Hundreds of thousands of civilians in Iraq and Syria flee their homes, sparking a refugee crisis

•Thousands of civilians executed by ISIL

•Rise and Fall of ISIL

•Emergence of an independent Kurdistan


Inherent ResolveCJTF–OIR: Intervening in Syria and Iraq:

Flag of the United StatesUnited States

Flag of AustraliaAustralia

Flag of CanadaCanada

Flag of FranceFrance

Flag of the NetherlandsNetherlands

Flag of JordanJordan

Flag of MoroccoMorocco

Flag of Great Britain without Scotland (vector)United Kingdom

Flag of BelgiumBelgium

Flag of DenmarkDenmark

Intervening in Syria Only: •Flag of BahrainBahrain

Flag of QatarQatar

Flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia

Flag of TurkeyTurkey

Flag of the United Arab EmiratesUAE


Military Aid

Flag of AlbaniaAlbania

Flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina

Flag of BulgariaBulgaria

Flag of CroatiaCroatia

Flag of CyprusCyprus

Flag of the Czech RepublicCzech Republic

Flag of EstoniaEstonia

Flag of GermanyGermany

Flag of GreeceGreece

Flag of HungaryHungary

Flag of ItalyItaly

Flag of KuwaitKuwait

Flag of LebanonLebanon


Flag of SpainSpain

Flag of SingaporeSingapore

•Various, unnamed, Middle Eastern and Eastern European Nations

Humanitarian Aid:

Flag of EuropeEuropean Union

Flag of AustriaAustria

Flag of IndonesiaIndonesia

Flag of IrelandIreland

Flag of JapanJapan

Flag of LuxembourgLuxembourg

Flag of PolandPoland

Flag of SlovakiaSlovakia

Flag of SloveniaSlovenia

Flag of South KoreaSouth Korea

Flag of SwedenSweden

Intelligence aid

Flag of IsraelIsrael

RSII Coalition

Flag of RussiaRussia

Flag of SyriaSyria

Flag of IranIran

Flag of IraqIraq

• Iraqi Shia Militias (see below)

Flag of HezbollahHezbollah

Local Militias

Flag of Syria 2011, observedOpposition

Egyptian-led intervention in Libya

Flag of EgyptEgypt

Flag of LibyaLibya

Flag of AlgeriaAlgeria

Islamic Military Alliance: •Flag of BahrainBahrain

Flag of BangladeshBangladesh

Flag of BeninBenin

Flag of ChadChad

Flag of the ComorosComoros

Flag of Côte d'IvoireNation

Flag of DjiboutiDjibouti

Flag of EgyptEgypt

Flag of GabonGabon

Flag of GuineaGuinea

Flag of JordanJordan

Flag of KuwaitKuwait

Flag of LebanonLebanon

Flag of LibyaLibya

Flag of MaldivesMaldives

Flag of MaliMali

Flag of MalaysiaMalaysia

Flag of MoroccoMorocco

Flag of MauritaniaMauritania

Flag of NigerNiger

Flag of NigeriaNigeria

Flag of PakistanPakistan

Flag of QatarQatar

Flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia

Flag of SenegalSenegal

Flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leone

Flag of SomaliaSomalia

Flag of SudanSudan

Flag of TurkeyTurkey

Flag of TogoTogo

Flag of TunisiaTunisia

Flag of the United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates

Flag of YemenYemen

Nigerian-led intervention: (Boko Haram joined ISIL in 2015)

Flag of NigeriaNigeria

Flag of CameroonCameroon

Flag of ChadChad

Flag of NigerNiger

Flag of the United StatesUnited States

AQMI Flag asymmetricISIL

•Boko Haram (Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon)

•Wilayat Sinai (Sinai Peninsula)

•Wilayat Barqa (Libya)

•Wilayah Korasan (Afghanistan and Pakistan)

•Free Sunnis of Baalbek Brigade (Lebanon)

•Abu Sayyaf (Southeast Asia)

Flag of al-Qaeda al-Qaeda

•al-Nusra Front •Khorasan

•Ahrar ash-Sham (disputed)

The Military Intervention against ISIL is a group of conflicts against ISIL, or Da'esh, militants, in response to the rapid territorial gains made by it. This have bring at the indipendence of the Iraqi Kurdistan, fellowed by the Iranian Kurdistan and by the Syrian Kurdistan, with the Erbil Conference at the creation of a Kurdish Republic. The new independent nations have joined in the fight against ISIL, Scotland have joined the CJTF-OIR with humanitarian aid, Padania has announced there intentions in joining the RSSI Coaliation with military support, particuary in Syria against both the rebels and ISILItaly has sending military support at the Syrian Republic and at the Iraqi Republic. The most recent and great battle of the war was the Siege of Mosul. The war have caused a exodus of Syrian and Iraqi refugees to the most near nations. The 27 March of the 2016 the Syrian Arab Army, Hezbollah, the National Defese Front, the Russian Air Force and the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution have liberated the city of Palmyra. This have give more popularity at the Syrian Armed Forces, at the Russian Armed Forces and at the others allies of the Syria.

From April 2016 UN Peacekeeping forces begun to enter Syria, Iraq and Kurdistan.

International coalitions against Da'esh

US-led coalitions

5 September 2014

On the 5th of September at the 2014 NATO summit in Wales, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry separately met with various Ministers from the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Canada, Australia, Turkey, Denmark and Italy, and pressed them to support intervention against Da'esh, primarily militarily and financially. The nine countries agreed to support anti-ISIL forces in Iraq and Syria with supplies and air support.

3 September 2014

On 3rd December 2014, diplomats and (foreign) ministers from 59 countries gathered at NATO headquarters, Brussels, to decide a way forward against the threat of ISIL. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry stated, to the group, that "defeating the ideology, the funding, the recruitment" of Da'esh must be primary aim of the discussions, as opposed to airstrikes.

These nations were the same ten nations as above, as well as an additional number. They styled themselves as the Global Coalition to Counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and agreed a strategy which included:

  • Exposing Da'esh's true nature;
  • Cutting of Da'esh's financing and funding
  • Supporting military operations

France-led coalition

On 15th September 2014, on the 'International Conference on Peace and Security in Iraq', 26 countries were represented. They agreed to support the Iraqi government with military assistance, and reaffirmed their commitment to UNSC Resolution 2170 of 15th August, which condemned all trade with Da'esh and urged the prevention of financial donations and payments of ransoms to ISIL.

In retaliation for the November 2015 Paris attacks, the French Air Force increased and intensified airstrikes against ISIL targets in Syria.

Russian-led coalition.

Towards the end of September 2015, Russia, Iraq, Iran and Syria set up a 'joint information center' in Baghdad to "gather process and analyse current information about the situation in the Middle East - primarily for fighting IS" On 30th September Russia began its air campaign in support of the Syrian government. Russia was also reported to have reached agreements on co-ordination on Syrian operations with Jordan and Israel.

The 2015 Erbil Conference meant that Kurdistan withdrew from the Russian-led coalition, but continues to co-operate with them. On the 14th March 2016, Vladimir Putin announced a partial withdrawal from Syrian territory, citing the success of the ongoing ceasefire and greater security of the Syrian government.

Islamic nations coalition

On 14th December 2015, Saudi Deputy Crown Prince and Defence Minister Mohammed bin Salman al Saud announced that 34 nations would partner in the fight against Islamic extremism, which Salman referred to as a "disease". The coalition, based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, includes Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon, Guinea, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Maldives, Mali, Malaysia, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Turkey, Togo, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

United Nations Peacekeeping Force

Several proposals had been put forth for Peacekeeping, and UNSCR 2281 established a peacekeeping force, predominately in Kurdistan, to stabilise the region. It established 'Green Camps' where those under threat of persecution could seek refuge. The Resolution was passed on 10th April 2016. Preparations were made and on the 12th April units from around the world, lead by Scotland, landing from 26th April 2016. Whilst there are still large numbers of migrants, it has been hailed for helping cut down on the number of refugees being forced to move away from the countries.

Turkish intervention

Da'esh is suspected of involvement in, or responsibility for, the terrorist attacks in Turkey in May 2013 in Reyhanli and March on Turkish police, kidnapping 49 Turkish diplomats in June 2014, the 5th June 2015 Diyarbakir rally bombing, and the 20 July 2015 Suruc bombing, killing 32 young activists. In September 2014, Turkey joined a US-led coalition 'to fight ISIL'.

Iranian intervention

In mid-June 2014, American and British sources show that Iran sent Major General Qasem Soleimani of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution to Iraq to help it organize against ISIL. Iran has started flying drones over Iraq, and Reuters, amongst others, have reported Iranian soldiers in Iraq.

In July, Iran sent several Su-25 aircraft to Iraq, and in early August they began combat against ISIL. The support is reportedly increasing, and in 2015 American commentators indicated that Qasem Soleimani was "leading Iraq's military strategy against ISIL".

Ssy UN peacekeeping isil

UN peacekeeping mission in Syria, Kurdistan and Iraq. Red Syria, Gold Kurdistan, Green Iraq, Blue UN


Military of the Syrian Arab Army in Palmyra, after their liberation.

End of Main Faze Intervention

The capture of Mosul spelled the end for ISIL in Iraq, by September US forces were prepared to leave. The group had one last area of control in Syria, Deir ez-Zor and so on September 26th 2018 one last battle would commence between ISIL and Syrian Opposition. I would end a day later with the surrender of 160 jihadists.

International response to isil ssy

The International Response to ISIL

Islamic State explained in 90 seconds - BBC News

Islamic State explained in 90 seconds - BBC News

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