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Welcome to Mundus Novus (New World), a universe in which the Americas are the most advanced continents on the globe, and the leaders in global colonization.

It is the year 1492, and the first successful expedition to the east (OTL Iberia) has returned, sparking interest in more voyages. Along the eastern coast, merchant republics such as Chesapeake prosper, and become the center of the great artist, cultural, and literary rebirth movement. The great kingdoms of the Cherokee, Shawnee, Delaware, and others, dominate the region, while the relatively new Iroquois Confederacy is rapidly on the rise. The ancient and prestigious empire of Cahokie, which once dominated all of the Mississippi River, remains resolute and influential, despite the emperor losing land to breakaway states and vassals.

The central plains, which serve as highways of trade between east and west, have become chaotic from the rise of the Great Sioux Empire, the Shoshone Empire, and other powerful states, prompting the east coast to search by sea for a route to the other side of the continent. The Holy Western Empire, now largely fragmented into dozens of smaller states, controls the western coast, along with the Salish Empire. The Aztecs dominate the Valley of Mexico, rapidly uniting the region, and exporting its culture and religion north toward the plains and deserts. The Mayans under the hegemony of Mayapan remain loosely united, and strong trading partners to the many island empires of the Caribbean. In the southern continent, the Inca have become the dominant power. However, the Muisca control the lands to their north, followed by the powerful Arawak Empire and the Tupi of the Amazon.

Moderators

  • Neesym
  • Nathan1123
  • Vandenhoek

Rules

Map

Mundus Novus 1625

The world map as of 1625.

Signups

This list of initial nations is incomplete, and may be added to with moderator permission.

Northeast US

  • Iroquois - Snowevill (talk) 9:36 PM April 3, 2019 (EST)
  • Susquehanna -
  • Delaware/Lenape - Neesym (talk) 18:53, March 31, 2019 (UTC)
  • Mahican -
  • Pocumtuk -
  • Pennacook -
  • Massachusset - ~ Hdjensofjfnen 02:43, April 13, 2019 (UTC)
  • Nipmuc -
  • Pequot -
  • Naguamsett -
  • Montauk - 
  • Wappinger -
  • Wampangag -
  • Abenaki - Jefferson - actually don't have a signature -
  • Powhatan -
  • Conoy -
  • Nanticoke -
  • Nansemund -
  • Chesapeake - Oh, I didn't mean to push that button!Oh, well leave a message I guess 16:13, March 31, 2019 (UTC)
  • Weapemeoc -
  • Tuscarora -
  • Nottoway -
  • Meherrin -
  • Tutelo -
  • Erie -
  • Pottawatomi - Solace

Canada

Southeast US

Central US

  • Cahokie - AidanMCK12 20:05, April 3, 2019 (CST)
  • Great Sioux Empire - Bel of the illusions 02:55, March 31, 2019 (UTC)
  • Potawatomi -
  • Miami -
  • Winnebago -
  • Fox -
  • Iowa -
  • Omaha -
  • Missouri -
  • Kansas -
  • Pawnee -
  • Osage -
  • Kiowa -
  • Arapaho -
  • Cheyenne -
  • Crow -
  • Kiowa -
  • Comanche -
  • Apache -
  • Lipan -
  • Wichita -
  • Tonkawa -
  • Karankawa -
  • Atakapa -
  • Natchez - Reximus | Talk to me!
  • Quapaw -

Western US

  • Shosone Empire -
  • Salish Empire - Lord Falconis
  • Blackfoot -
  • Ute -
  • Southern Paiute -
  • Northern Paiute -
  • Nez Perce -

Holy Western Empire

  • Chumash -
  • Salinan -
  • Yokuts -
  • Esselen -
  • Costanoan -
  • Pomo -
  • Niwok -
  • Patwin -
  • Maidu -
  • Nisenan -
  • Miwok - Cour *talk*
  • Yuki -
  • Achomawi -
  • Modoc -
  • Klamath -
  • Kalapuya -

Mesoamerica

Caribbean

  • Kingdom of Ayiti - General534 (talk) 17:18, March 30, 2019 (UTC)
  • Bayamo -
  • Camaguey -
  • Batabano -
  • Guanahatabey -
  • Baneke (Inagua) -
  • Sun Kingdom of Boriken - Adolf Coffee
  • Tobago -
  • Xaymaca -
  • Liamuiga -
  • Karukera -
  • Ichirouganaim -
  • Yurumei -

South America

Mesopotamia

Anatolia

Central Asia

South Asia

The Game

1490-1495

The explorer Comerío Caguax, a Taino native under the employ of the Serene Republic of Chesapeake, departs on a voyage to the east, hoping to find a sea passage to the west coast. He lands in a new land (northwest Iberia), and makes contact with its primitive natives.

The Supreme Cacique of Cobao, Guayacayex, dies in battle on the western end of the island, seemingly making permanent the splintering of the island into separate nations.

In 1493 the Emperor of the Holy Western Empire, Cucunuchi of the Yokuts, dies of disease while traveling. The electors of Klamath, Chumash, Miwok, Pomo, Wintu, and Yurok are called to elect a new emperor.

The rapid expansion of the Shoshone causes a series of clashes with neighbors, as well as many fleeing west into the Empire. An alliance is formed of Puebloan nations, while the Paiute west of the Shoshone look to the coast dwellers for aid.

A large number of Thule settlements in OTL Iceland are razed by a revolt of the natives (the Norse). These natives are small in number, with many being escaped slaves.

  • Tarascan State (Tzintzuntzan)
  • League of Mayapan: The goal at this time is to unite all Mayan states, but not to the point when we are one nation. We want every city-state to feel Mayan. We look to the west and see the Aztecs. They are scaring us a bit. We enjoy trading with the many Caribbean island empires. The talk in Mayapan is all about Comerío Caguax, the Taino explorer. We look forward to sending our own expedition to this new land.
  • Great Sioux Empire: Under the glorious reign of the Tȟáŋkanačá Sintemaza the great Sioux Empire continues to grow ever more glorious under the sun and stars. The expansion of our realm poses a great problem as the instability of these newly conquered lands are put into jeopardy. Sintemaza in his ever generous attitude allows these areas a large leash allowing them to govern over menial tasks. Although several overseers from the Tȟáŋkanačá's court are sent to watch over the clans and the tribes in order to keep them in line. Another noticeable development is that Sintemaza orders the construction of a city for the people to dwell in. This is styled in the manner of Cahokia as Sintemaza visited the city and was amazed by it. He begins the construction of a great city in the meeting of the Mní sóta and Mníšošethąka, while it is only initial it begins to slowly grow with many huts and stands opening up where hunters will barter their goods. A palace complex is similarly planned to be built utilizing stones from the north in its construction. Most noticeably Sintemaza turns his attention toward the southern nation of Iowa beneath them, the nation's precarious position concerns him, and he would wish to protect our brethren against the Cahokia. He sends a message to them requesting they pay tribute to the Tȟáŋkanačá in exchange for protection from the great Sioux army, or else a worse fate may befall them. MOD RESPONSE He also begins to open up the nation of Sioux to traders to bring in revenue for the Great Emperors. Most noticeably is the interactions between the three great tribes, the farming and sedentary Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ, the harsh survivalists who subside mostly based on a hunting and gathering life style, the Isáŋyathi, and finally the tribe the current royal family comes from, the warrior and hunters the Thítȟuŋwaŋ. All of these tribes live in harmony in the kingdom as brother and sister despite their varying differences. They all play a pivotal role in our society and provide for us. However, in order to keep the peace, the Tȟáŋkanačá must take a wife from each of the clans of each of the tribes. Providing him with a harem of wives to produce an heir, and his son will continue the tradition. With his mother becoming the first Moonreader, the head of religious activities within the empire.
    • Báxoǰe (Iowa) rejects the offer from the Sioux Empire.
    • Sioux Response: We regret that we must take this course of action but for the greater good of the Iowa and the Sioux we must bring them under our protection. They will understand in time, we send 15,000 men on horseback to take the Iowa by surprise, quickly knocking out any defense and preventing them from grouping up.
  • Tawantinsuyu: The empire stands strong this new decade. Topa Inca Yupanqui, the long ruling emperor of the Incan Empire, continues to age, and with this he is forced to choose one of his eldest sons to succeed him. One of his wives, Chuqui Ocllo, convinces Topa to go with Ccapac Huari as his successor and sticks with it, angering his other son, Huayana Capac, who begins to plot behind his brother’s back. Sinpa Inca Topa dies of old age in 1493 and the traditional Incan death ceremony is conducted for him where he is ceremoniously mummified, and Ccapac Huari succeeds him as emperor of the Incas, and is immediately confronted with a plot to assassinate him via poisoning by his brother, in which Ccapac Hauri orders him arrested and executed as a show of strength, and begins to consolidate power, putting down his rivals, but still has them posthumously honored as is Incan customs. As Sinpa, Ccapac has a change of pace, and decides to halt the constant conquest the empire has been conducting practically since its creation, and instead begins to consolidate power in newly conquered territories. Integration of the local peoples of these newly acquired territories begins and many of the chiefs and rulers of these tribes are educated in the Incan way. Various peoples of the new lands are incorporated into the Incan creation myth as to further the idea that they are Incan and share the same origin. Sinpa Inca Ccapac continues to build up the city of Quito like his father did, who had a strange fascination with the city, but also other cities like the capital Cuzco and such. The cultures of the newly incorporated peoples are adopted into mainstream Incan culture and customs. Sinpa Inca Ccapac continues to honor his father’s legacy by continuing to go to his father’s corpse, which is mummified, each day for guidance and wisdom. The Incan “Highway” System is expanded into the new territories and other parts of the empire, and economic incorporation is launched, setting up new warehouses to store weapons, food, and water in the territories. The “highway” system is further expanded allowing the Empire to become the most well connected nation in the known world, allowing resources, messengers, and soldiers to quickly move across the country. We send diplomats to the Aztec Empire offering to establish full relations (YCASTO RESPONSE).
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Ayiti (OTL Hispaniola) is a union of the five old cacicazgo (chiefdoms): Marien, Jaragua, Maguana, Magua, and Higuey, all ruled by a high cacique named Guamacao. Politically, it is analogous to the High Kings of Ireland, albeit more centralized, and so "kingdom" may be an acceptable term to describe it, as well as "kassikate". The kingdom also has two autonomous states under her protection: Zui, on the western coast of Ayiti, and Baracoa, a Taino state across the water in Cubao. When Cacique Guamacao receives word of his countryman Comerío's discoveries, he begins preparing to sponsor his own exploratory voyage and watching for further developments with interest. In 1495, the Ayitian explorer Baguanamey attempts to find Comerio Caguax's land, but is blown off course in a storm, instead discovering a number of verdant, uninhabited islands surrounded by pristine blue waters. He names these islands "Guaraguao", after the hawks that nest there. Later, he discovers a rockier group of islands, which he calls "Pimugna" after the islands off the coast of Kai (OTL California). The expedition is celebrated as a success, and Guamacao plans to organize more voyages in the coming years. Looking to strengthen relations with neighboring Taino polities, Guamacao offers his daughter Higuamota in marriage to an eligible member of royalty in the Sun Kingdom of Boriken. He also builds a temple in Higuey Province to Atabeira, goddess of the sea, as thanks for blessing the recent voyages and lifting the veil over the Eastern Ocean.
  • Aztec Empire: The Hueyi Tlatoani (emperor) of the city of Tenochtitlan, Ahuitzotl reigns for over a decade now. The current alliances of the empire consist of the triple alliance with Texcoco and Tlacopan, (though they are way closer to the empire than in OTL). When Ahuitzotl receives the message of a new land to the east, he is immediately interested in sending his men to this land as well. A major problem is the smaller kingdom of the Arawak and Caribbeans that block the access to the open sea from the Aztec Empire. In the recent years, when the lands of the Totonac were conquered under Mocteczuma II, the Aztecs gained access to the sea at the city of Cempoala, the former capital of the Totonac Empire. An envoy of diplomats is sent to the island of Cuapana (Coabana, OTL Cuba), to convince the local Cazice (chiefs) to join an alliance with the great Aztec Empire (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). More roads are built to Totonacan to make contact, organization and the future expeditions to the east easier. A major reform is the development of a universal writing system, inspired by the Mayan alphasyllabary but far more simplified. The shapes of some symbols are used for the alphabet in its shape, though the system works entirely differently. While the Mayan script is a logosyllabary, where logographic hieroglyphs are combined with symbols representing syllabaries, the Aztec symbol has developed an alphabet: every sound has its own symbol, though affricates like "tz" and "tl" have their own symbols respectively. Since Nahuatl (Aztec) differentiates between long and short vowels, the vowel symbols are simply spelled twice.
  • The Plains Cree is a confederacy centered around the “Three Cities” of Sīphkwaskosiya (ᓰᐱᐦᑲᐧᐢᑯᓯᔭ; “Blue Grass”), Osāwahkesīs (ᐅᓵᐊᐧᐦᑫᓰᐢ; “Red Fox”) and Osāwekin (ᐅᓵᐁᐧᑭᐣ; “Yellow Cloth”). The total population is estimated to be 1-1.5 million, or about one-half of the total ethnic Cree population. While originating farther east, the Plains Cree is culturally intertwined with other Plains Indians through their shared participation in the fur trade – of which the Plains Cree are a leader in. Other major exports aside from furs and hides, are apicultural products (mead, honey, wax), timber, and rapeseed oil. While the Three Cities – due to their status as the only extensively-urbanized area – serve as the confederacy’s center of trade and industry, the majority (~90%) of the population resides in rural areas, most in small settlements referred to as a “band”. Each typically have ~500 residents, most of whom are generally part of the same clan. A household (or “lodge”) often consists of multiple related couples (often sisters and their husbands and children). The Three Cities provide these bands protection and guaranteed access to trading networks, in exchange for tribute (in grain, meat, furs, and hides) or occasionally, corvée. Similar to the majority of Native American societies, kinship is traced through maternal lines, and thus, so is the passage of property and titles. Endogamy (or intermarriage between clan members) is strictly prohibited, and could be punished with banishment. Bands, while generally self-sufficient, maintains relations with each other through trade as well as frequent intermarriage. Each band is headed by two elected officials who generally serve life-long terms, the “War Chieftain”, and the “Peace Chieftain” – both of whom are jointly responsible for the enforcement of law and order, as well as fulfills a judicial role. While the Plains Cree are egalitarian, there is a noticeable division of labor between the sexes. Men participate in diplomatic and trading missions, as well as head hunting expeditions. Meanwhile, women – in addition to domestic duties – cultivate grain and legumes, process hides and furs, and produce other household goods. Both sexes generally learn archery and horseback warfare, with women utilizing those skills to ward off predators or intruders when their husbands are gone. The Plains Cree are headed by the “Supreme Council”, which functions as both the executive and the legislative body. It oversees both domestic and foreign affairs, and enforces a limited criminal code. The “Supreme Council” consists of numerous “High Chiefs” and one “Supreme Chief”, though the former holds an advisory role to the latter, who is viewed as the “first among equals”. Both positions are elected by the people, and serve ten-year terms. While the society is generally egalitarian, with no clearly-defined class structure, there is a noble class consisting of men participating in military service, and women as civil officials or clerics. It is not, however, hereditary, and the acquisition of this status is determined through examination by civil or military officials to determine whether he/she is fit for the role.
  • Salish Kingdom: We hear the Paiute call for aid, and send an armed company to first secure the passes across the Cascades. The Great Salish Kingdom, from Snoqualmie to Chehalis, from Sequim to the borders of Yakima, has ascended into glory. This glory must be increased. An offer is sent to Yakima for vassalization.
  • Serene Republic of Chesapeake: Asquash, a former secretary of defense for the Republic, is elected to Great Wohack by the Supreme Council this year. He is native born from the seat of the republic in Wicomico, and thus is granted the most favor after a long line of foreign Wohacks. Comerio Cagaux was at first cautiously sponsored, as his concept of reaching the west coast by sailing east made sense on paper, but most scholars on the council considered it a pointless endeavor. After Cagaux returned from his voyage in 1493, opinions on the matter changed drastically. Cagaux wrote extensive letters to the Supreme Council, describing the evidence that he successfully reached the west coast, or at least an island half-way in between. The council therefore decided that these new islands could provide a new source of revenue to the ever-expanding republican economy, and in 1495 established a permanent colony in the region along the Lustitanian coast. The native Lustitanian people are offered extensive trade agreements in exchange of settling their land, who so far have proven rather amendable and friendly. A second voyage by Comerio discovers a set of islands, possibly also visited by Baguanamey, which he decides to name the Oaska (Black) Islands. At home, the republic focuses heavily on the expansion of their market revenue, to finance larger and more efficient navy and armaments. The Nantian Arsenal is established on the coast, operating as a production-based foundry able to produce a vast navy on its own. Larger foundries are built farther inland, producing cannons of larger calibre and range. The University of Wicomico forms a lucrative foothold in the government, being sponsored far more than any other institution. The Chief Dean holds significant influence to the council, as the general population holds a great weight of trust in the more educated classes. The council approves of large construction projects into the Bay, creating barges and coastal bridges to help span the distance from one side to the other. We offer to form an alliance with Delaware, to support our mutual interest in trade along the Atlantic coast (MOD RESPONSE)
    • Thule Dip: Emperor Tulugaak offers a trade deal with Chesapeake. He offers furs, whale blubber, timber from Iceland, fish, and other goods.
    • We accept the trade offer.
  • Lenapehoking: By this time the Lenni Lenape had ended yet another war in its long string of conflicts with the upstart Iroquois, and their occasional allies, such as Susquehanna. As per the [1486] Treaty of Absecon, the nation had secured the highly important Sisa'we'hak'hanna (“Oyster River”; OTL Susquehanna), from Conestoga and Ka'ot'sch'ie'ra in the north to the bay in the south, but at great cost to the nation. This allowed easier trade toward the south, with land routes from Moyamensing (South Philadelphia) to the west end of the peninsula being widely used. With peace in the west having been confirmed, the nation looked toward Sewanhaka (Long Island), where the nation had suffered the loss of the western one-half of the island to the Metoac years prior. In order to secure the area around the prosperous city of Manaháhtaan (New York City), the nation orders an army under the command of General Kiondashawa to land on seize the island in 1491. The army consists of 600 heavy cavalry (OTL Gendarme), 1,000 light horse, 12,000 infantry, 2,000 Powhatan mercenaries, and 30 artillery pieces, and lands at the town of Keskachauge in Canarsee (southeast Brooklyn). With the navy having been rebuilt from the ground up following the disastrous [1474] Battle of Sapokanikan, the nation establishes a naval presence around the island, hoping to dissuade attacks in the region. Three years later, after the war concludes, the nation becomes interested in the voyages of Comerío Caguax one-half decade prior, and commissions a similar venture. A sailor named Bemino Olum'ane is placed in command of a small group of ships, which departs for the east. He lands on a small island (OTL Lajes das Flores), which he calls Wëskmëna, encountering a small number of natives. He continues eastward, discovering a safe harbor that he calls Langundowi (OTL Lisbon). He turns back and arrives in the nation by the end of [1495]. The alliance offer from the Chesapeake is accepted.
  • Beothuk: King Beuthuk II takes the throne after the sudden death of his father. His first act as king is to establish an official army. The army (until I have a population count) consists of 1,000 infantry and three ships. We send out the entire fleet to explore as far as they can go until they need to return for supplies.
    • Thule Dip: Emperor Tulugaak proposes an alliance with the Beothuk. He also proposes trade between the two realms, offering furs, whale blubber, timber from Iceland, and other goods.
  • Thule Empire: The Thule Empire is a personal union of four Inuit kingdoms, namely Ungava, Kivalliq, Qikiqtaaluq, and Kalaalit, which were united by Queen Atiqtalik I of Ungava in 1393. The Thule Empire is somewhat analogous to the OTL Kalmar Union. The current leader of the Thule Empire is Emperor Tulugaak, who has been in power for nearly a decade now. Under his rule, the empire has been in a prosperous age. Tulugaak sends a band of diplomats south to propose a trade deal with the merchant republics of the East Coast, especially the Chesapeake. (CHESAPEAKE RESPONSE NEEDED) He also sends an envoy to King Beuthuk II of the Beothuk, proposing an alliance and trade deal. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED) News of the Ayiti explorer, Comerío Caguax, reaches the royal court of Tulugaak. In response, he sends an expedition of his own, led by Ikiaq Novoligak. The expedition is blown off course by strong winds and does not reach the Iberian Peninsula. Instead, Novoligak's expedition reaches the land that will soon be known as New Nunavut (OTL Britain), sailing through the OTL Hebrides, along the coasts of Kalaatunmik (OTL Scotland), and up the OTL River Awe. Novoligak comes back with tales of the green hills and forests, the rising mountains of Kalaatunmik, and the strange culture of the natives. He describes to the king the odd appearance of the natives, with skin white as the snow and hair red as fire, and their odd customs, of which the practice of tattooing the bodies blue stands out. The natives, he says, speak an odd language. The tales of the lands of New Nunavut intrigue Emperor Tulugaak. Meanwhile, settlers are sent to coastal Iceland to exert Thule control over the island and push the rebellious Norsemen to the highlands. Supplies are sent to fortifications and defenses on the colony of Iceland in order to deal with the native rebellion. Emperor Tulugaak sends a small division of his military forces in order to quell the Norse rebellion in Iceland. (ALGO NEEDED)
  • Assyrian Empire: The newly enthroned king of Assyria, Adonibahal II, directs a census of the realm to be conducted, to inquire of the manpower requirements for the army. Seeking to secure his rule, Adonibahal has all of his brothers killed by having their eyes poked out and having them thrown to the lions outside of Nineveh. Their corpses are thrown into the Euphrates and their wives added to the harem of the king. A brief campaign against the nomadic peoples to the north is conducted by Adonibahal II to showcase his martial prowess to the soldiers, who are promised land in the conquered territories if they fight with valor and attain new slaves for the empire in the name of Marduk. Adonibahal II announces that his foreign policy shall be direct and aggressive, seeking to out-due the accomplishments of his father, and to secure the borders of the empire in the north by forcing the nomads of the region into an agreement either as subjects of Assyria, or to encourage them to make their way south to raid the lands of Babylon. In the domestic sphere, Adonibahal II encourages the peasants of the client cities to speak the Aramaic tongue, seeking to expand the influence of Nineveh's cultural dominance in the empire. Seeking to limit the power of the priests in the major cities, Adonibahal II assumes many of the religious duties performed by the priests, and places them under the jurisdiction of the royal palace. He proclaims himself to be the physical avatar of Marduk, and takes the highest-ranking priestess of the city temple for his wife, proclaiming her to be the physical manifestation of Ishtar. The people are given gifts of fruit and metalworks from the stores of the palace to encourage their acceptance of Adonibahal's claims, and the priests of the city are kept in line by encouraging them to serve as the arbiters of the king's will with his approval, making them sharers of the benefits bestowed by the loyalty of the masses. Adonibahal II directs the construction of a paved road between Nineveh and Ashur to encourage trade between the cities, and places soldiers are intervals along the road to protect traders and commoners from bandits. Assyria besieges the city of Turshan and tears down its walls, enslaving the inhabitants and resettling them throughout the empire. Aramaic-speaking Assyrians are moved into the region of Turshan, and encouraged to rebuild and resettle the land after the conquest of the city.
  • Okimate of Roanoke: The Roanoke People live under an Okimate (Okima meaning 'chief' in Algonquin) centered in the Central Outer Banks. The Roanoke are a vibrant community of various different Algonquian ethnic groups. Though they hold much territory along the banks of the Roanoke River, their home has historically been recognized as Roanoke Island. Its capital, Kurawotan (Eng. Croatoan, meaning 'council town'), which is located roughly near the location of OTL Wanchese. This Croatoan is not to be confused with the OTL 'Croatoan' on Cape Hatteras, though this area is an important city to the Roanoke. Though Roanoke is nominally a merchant republic administered by an elected official, the military holds the true power in Roanoke, as is the case in several other states along the Outer Banks. The military leader of the nation is known as the Okima. These states, which share an ethnic and geographic identity with Chowanoke, were once all part of a number of various states throughout history that have risen and fallen through time. Roanoke currently holds naval power over much of the Albemarle Sound, and their fleets of longships are frequently hired throughout the various Algonquin and Tuscaroan tribes of the Outer Banks. They do, however, frequently clash with the Chowanoke and Weapemeoc. Due to the close proximity of both Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking peoples, there is much strife, though this does also result in dialogue between the two groups, which in-turn has allowed for a great network of inland trade. Currently, the reigning Okima is Machk Wisaw, who has held his office for forty years. The Menatona (elected leader - literally, 'one who listens well') is Paquiwoc Etlelooaat, who has been a rising star in Roanoke politics. The son of a Tuscaroan-speaking father and an Algonquian-speaking mother, Etlelooaat's ancestry is traced matrilineally, as is the custom in Roanoke. He assumes office in 1490. During this time, several longships are constructed while inland trade flourishes. The Roanoke attempt to establish a number of trade deals with the various East Coast Republics, namely Chesapeake. Machk Wisaw bolsters the Dune Riders this year; this elite legion of horse archers known for tearing through coastal settlements is infamous throughout the Carolinas as a premier fighting force. In the meantime, infrastructure along the barrier islands is expanded; though this infrastructure is oftentimes washed away by hurricanes, it is important to maintain the roads connecting the sparsely-populated barrier-islands to the rest of the community. In 1493, a number of Roanoke ships invade Ocracoke Castle. This fortress, once held by the Roanoke, has fallen into disrepair and was eventually seized by a rival family attempting to make their own fortune. Though nominally under the command of the Okima, the general leading the attack is none other than Paquiwoc Etlelooaat's daughter Makkitotosimew, who has come to be known as a fierce general. The attack comes at night, when Roanoke longships surround the island and land on its northern side while the rest form a blockade around the small island. After a short siege of the broken castle, Roanoke hopes to secure an easy victory and claim the castle to regain an important fortress on their southern shore.
  • Guarani Empire: The Guarani Empire (Avañe'ẽ Mburuvi) is a feudal empire covering the vast lands previously divided between various warring Guarani Kingdoms and Principalities. Having been just recently unified by the great Emperor Kuarahykatu, the Avañe'ẽ state remains highly militarized and still not stabilized. It´s military would be based around a core of very heavy cavalry and light/medium cavalry (akin to OTL knights and early hussars) ideal for the local terrain. Located in plains and bathed by the Paraná and Uruguay Rivers the Guarani lands would be very fertile and productive with Charki and Maize being its primary exports thus being, along with Het, the Breadbasket of South America. In 1490 Emperor Kuarahykatu would pass away after a 54-year Long reign and be succeeded by his Grandson Arandikatu. The new emperor would focus the five first years of his reign in stabilizing the land, giving favours to loyal subjects but not hesitating in using the experienced army forged by his grandfather to crush dissent among both peasantry and nobility. A census of all the land would also be held in 1492 in order to increase the tax and levying efficiency of the realm. Hoping to further bolster the economy of the realm envoys would be sent to the great Sapa Inka offering gifts and proposing a trade agreement (INCAN RESPONSE NEEDED), similarly diplomats would be sent to the Het and Wichí to establish trade deals (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Tongva: News of the imperial being’s death traveled to the south on the backs of trade caravans and in the hulls of creaking Coast cutters, making its way into the dunes of the Ngáchishtemal. In the land between the walls of Yaa (Los Angeles) and the 'Aha Kwahwat (Lower Colorado River), the eastern trade routes passed through the Maarrenga Valley and into the lands of the Lord of Humwichawa (Joshua Tree), whose hub was the shining jewel of the sand lands. His empire dominated the great Pal Heluwut (Cahuilla Lake), whose canals supplied the valleys and the trails, making him the premier Watergarch in personal wealth, and a careful emissary in matters of religion. All along the long walk east and west, Humwichawa-branded Burned Men carried gifts of íngill and tesnekgawic (salt and gold), tattooed with messages across their bodies. Scorched for generations, the miraculous Pal Heluwut had begun to diminish in size just as the region had fallen under the sway of ʔívil̃uqaletem (Cahuilla), and after a century of such rule, the center of the kingdom’s population had shifted westward. Humwichawa remained a lasting eastern bastion still, with ambitions toward the great river. But to those across the sands, the decrepit Pàlocrats and desert people paled in comparison to their own kingdom; the Great Delta, centered at Shuhthagi Ki:him. Where the great river drained into the sea below, the Kingdom of the Delta had emerged as a colossal figure in the region. Descended from the Patayan Confederacy, which controlled the upper river in the north, the Delta People, had emerged only a century prior, as the Anaasází (Ancestral Puebloans) were rising and falling in the east. By this time the Delta had built a colossal city to rival even Siwañ Waʼa Ki or Oraibi, becoming rich from the politics of the Southwest. A city of reeds had been transformed to a city of stone, with bejewelled, sloping walls, and expansive floating farms. The city marked its wealth with colorful fauna and grandiose gardens, which boasted its abundance of precious water to the desert dwellers of beyond. The trade routes of ʔívil̃uqaletem terminated at the garden city, but from there many walked the path east across the deserts and plains, speaking the sign language of travelers. The Delta tolerated those around them, as even the fastest ships could not make their way around the peninsula quicker than they could transport goods across the desert. In the court of Humwichawa there was employed a high minister to oversee these affairs, and to serve as an ambassador to the Delta and other neighbors, named Alijivit of Jajamovit. Alijivit was born a Tongva outsider, becoming a mercenary leader in the Puebloan wars, and then a merchant across Ngáchishtemal. When the Emperor in the west died, according to legend, Alijivit led a group of hundreds of slaves and dissidents, marching upon his homeland. By some accounts Alijivit arrived at the head of an invading army, having seemingly betrayed his old homeland, but others say that he marched on the city after he heard the news about the Emperor, and took a band of rebels who rose up to follow him over their lord. In any case, the city bowed to Alijivit, who wed an influential medicine woman named Toypurina soon after. The ancient city was the site of the legendary hero Chinigchinix, who became the chief deity in a six god pantheon for the region long before the present, and so held immense power in the rest of the region. Soon after his return to his homeland, his former masters, Lord Humwichawa and the King of ʔívil̃uqaletem, are said to have invaded Alijivit’s domain, as they grew upset over his refusal to honor their control over Tongva’s trade. To the surprise of the invaders, Alijivit’s knowledge of the region and his strong alliances allowed him to achieve victory,and within years of that initial victory the balance of power would be shifted in the opposite direction. Elsewhere, a new Emperor would be elected later that year, but he would die only 18 months later, which led to a highly contested and prolonged election. The domination by the Dynasty of Yelamu (San Francisco) had come to an end, with numerous other claimants being proposed over the reigning Yelamu in Ompuromo. Although the Elector of Mutsun remained loyal, the influential Elector of Miwok, Lord Cosomne, spearheaded a Miwok faction at the imperial election, while a northern faction led by Klamath developed as well. In the center of the empire war would break out, eventually drawing in states from across the region. It was under these circumstances that Alijivit of Tongva joined the war later on, successfully saving the anti-Miwok coalition at the Battle of Quiroste. For this feat, the unsuspecting minor lord was elected emperor, although he was not crowned.

The Sun Kingdom of Boriken: With the ceremony of now the young 18-year-old King Maní III's coronation coming to a close, the municipal leaders return to Campilfegre Palace within the capital (OTL San Juan). Resulting talks trigger the proclamation after the discovery of new land within the east to lead to an expeditionary team led by Culifa Lakota. The Paralomo as the flagship of the small fleet of five ships led the way setting out to sea for new land and possibly new peoples to trade with and resources to discover. Four landings would be made along the journey more notably in southern Iberia or what Lakota referred to as Ixponia after the the people he had encountered. They seemed to be although well dressed and had some metals, lacked things such as proper cities and towns but just had villages. The people were for the most part friendly nonetheless. Lakota would bring back goods, animals, and anything of value they were able to trade from their stops. Along their way, maps had been made of territories ventured and the sealine leaving rough sketches. King Maní with the arrival of the explorers would be told the stories of their travels with them gaining new information such as the locations of “Sohgo” (OTL Bermuda), “Ixponia” (OTL lower Iberia), and some islands they had passed by without visiting called “Luhgo” (OTL Azores). Sohgo gains attraction as it is seen as the newest land known to be near making it an attractive spot to establish a trading post. As a result, with the island lacking natives, it became a place where merchants brought their families to settle. Only two dozen people had decided to travel over their and as a result, little progress was made yet the Sun Kingdom's naval leadership found interest in making it a location to house ships. This planning remains in the works although the island of Sohgo was placed under territory of the crown. Development of roads continue as cultivation of crops and produce surpluses becoming a cause for a rising population. The Campiflegre University soon becomes a school dominating art and literature alike with the philosophical studies and artistic works that had even gained the attraction of royalty wishing to display the pieces within the palace such as “A Sunless Jungle” pointing out the beauty taken in with the rain forests of Boriken in the evening made by the artist Moxtif Ajalka. A diplomat is sent to Kalinago to improve relations while the Arawak Empire is warned to not expand their territorial reaches or anticipate Boriken Intervention due to already resentment between the groups existing for a very long time and not wishing to see any more states fall under their rule.

1495-1500

After a brief revolt on the island of Iëre (Trinidad) is crushed, the Arawak Empire declares war on the Kalinago (Island Carib of the Lesser Antilles), who supposedly supported the ambitions of the rebellious leaders of Iëre.

The invasion of Sewanhaka (Long Island) by the Lenni Lenape is victorious, with the Battle of Reckowacky resulting in a decisive victory. The Lenni Lenape suffer the loss of 1,610 men, while the defenders suffer the loss of 5,900 men.

After the death of Guayacayex, the title of Supreme Cacique of Cobao lapses out of use. However, a cousin of the last Supreme Cacique, Baguanao of Batabano, elects to accept an alliance with the Aztecs. He requests that the Aztecs lend him an army, so that he might reunite the lost empire of Cabao.

The Roanoke attack on Ocracoke Castle results in a Roanoke victory, with the castle’s inhabitants eventually surrendering to the attackers. Despite this, the besiegers are plagued by attacks from one Admiral Manteo, a privateer who was hired in vein to relieve the castle by sea. After numerous raids, Manteo flees south with a large number of ships and goods.

Both the Het and and the Wichí accept trade deals with the Guarani Empire, as well as with each other.

A small army of Shoshone, with a large number of Hopi mercenaries, engages in battle with the Patayan Confederacy at a region known as Wi:kaʼi:la, or Ongtupqa to the Hopi (the Grand Canyon). After a nearly six month long siege, with fierce fighting in the Patayan canyons, across a 200 mile distance, the battle ends inconclusively. This event dissuades the Shoshone as a whole from continuing south, leading to the nation instead favoring a push westward, to the detriment of the western coast.

The Galatian people begin an eastward migration to seek new sources of pastoral lands in the changing climates. The nomadic Hittite people are pushed out of their lands in central Anatolia and move farther east, organizing large scale raids on the Assyrian Empire from the highlands of the Tigris River.

The Babylonian Kingdom works toward expanding their trade to greater Near Eastern regions, particularly in Susa and Eylmais. They send military north to intervene in Assyria’s conflict, giving support to the nations recently attacked.

The invasion by the Great Sioux Empire against the nation of Iowa results in initial victory, however, at the Battle of Sungehkabi, the Iowa receive reinforcements from Cahokia, and manage to defeat the Sioux in battle. In total the Sioux suffer 5,020 casualties, the Iowa suffer 3,980 casualties, and the Cahokians suffer 590 casualties.

The Yakama reject the offer of vassalization from the Salish Empire. After Paiute and Salish forces engage in a brief struggle with the Shoshone, the Shoshone launch a full scale invasion of the northern Paiute.

The policies of the Assyrian King in regards to religion annoys the Christian population of the nation, leading to discontent and rebellion, particularly around the city of Ankawa.

  • Beouthuk: With the help of our new ally, Thule, an expedition lands in what is named Beothukland (OTL Ireland) and establishes a mayor settlement there. The king expands the army to 15,000 infantry and 5,000 cavalry. He also begins a reinforcement of the navy. In Beothukland, the city receives a gsrrison of 2,000 soldiers.
  • Great Sioux Empire: The defeat at Sunghebaxi leads Tȟáŋkanačá Sintemaza to reconsider his strategy against the Iowa and now Cahokia. In order to distract the attention of Cahokia from protecting the Iowa we send an expedition of 6,000 horseback riders to raid the lands of Cahokia that border us distracting their attention away from Iowa. Most noticeably we begin to split up our armies now having two armies of 5,000 men raiding, sacking, poisoning water, disrupting their food supplies and capturing Iowan lands forcing the Iowan to split up to deal with our armies. Most noticeably our armies make use of quick movement quickly capturing lands and resources while starving out the Iowans and Cahokians. They also use their superior training in horseback riding to make use of a strategy similar to the Parthian shot. The growth of the city on the Mni Sota and the Mníšošethąka continues with it now having a population of 10,000 currently. The growth of the city begins to attract traders from along the Mississippi, and the Tȟáŋkanačá begins to offer traders within the nation protection by our warriors. A new general rises up to lead the Sioux armies, from a noble Lakotan tribe, named Ohitekeah rises up to lead our armies on our liberation of Iowa. An experienced warrior in our wars to reunite the Sioux people into one, and the various conquests conducted by our empire he is well experienced within the arts of Cavalry and Gunpowder able to put his experience into play luring the slower and less mobile Cahokian and Iowan Armies farther and farther away from their resources, supply routes, and finally into Sioux territory He sends another army of 7,000 men south into the lands of Iowa and coordinating with the other armies utilizing our fast horseback messengers to quickly move the armies into position with no chance of reaction by the Iowans or the Cahokians, these men are highly trained in formations and are on horseback utilizing gunpowder weapons among other things (Basically Hussars). Not only that but the positioning of archers ensure that no reinforcements will arrive for the now entrapped Cahokian-Iowan army, but force the slow army to contend with hails upon hails of arrows. With this the Iowans and the Cahokians have no valid way to defend against the Riders and the more mobile Sioux army. Utilizing Ohitekeah's experience with logistics and messengers we also maintain a strong idea of where their supply and reinforcement pathways are, allowing us to plan out a course of action where they will not be receiving reinforcements or being able to take our armies by surprise. Not only that but the mobility of our army allows us to quickly retreat or avoid a confrontation by the Cahokian-Iowans.
  • Serene Republic of Chesapeake: Great Wohack Asquash rallies the military of the republic to seize control over the Chesapeake Bay, and so declares war on Powhattan. A fleet of ships from Wicomico blockades the strait to the bay, and convoys an army of 30,000 soldiers to the opposite shore. The units are balanced between saber cavalry for skirmishers, dragoons armed with swords and matchlock muskets, and numerous siege cannons. The fleet moves in to bombard the capital city of Piscatawa while the land forces push north. Meanwhile, the foundries in Wicomico continue to make advancements on artillery technology, developing a way to make cannons of a far larger calibre than previously seen. The Republic concentrates on becoming a hub of trade between the northern and southern nations of the Eastern Coast, acting as a go-between from the Thule Empire to the feudal states in the south such as Ronoake. In addition, the Republic makes significant production of their own, harvesting crabs, beans, corn, and cows primarily. At sea, the explorer Yaroke makes a significant voyage across the northern coast of Europe, providing detailed maps of the coasts of Lustitania and Gaul. The Oaska Islands are annexed as a second colony of the republic, as the colony in Galicia continues to slowly grow.
  • Tawantinsuyu: Another year and the empire still stands tall. Sinpa Inca Ccapac continues his reign over the Empire, proving to be a strong ruler indeed. Ccapac continues to consolidate Incan rule in new conquered territories along with the empire as a whole. Incan traditions continue to brought to the new territories. Sinpa Inca sends two explorers to the north in order to study the nations in the lands above and see how they live and their culture, but his main reason is to gain an idea of these peoples writing systems as the Inca lack this sort of writing and instead use Quipo to write down their history and official statistics. The nations the two explorers go to are the Aztec Empire, the Salish Kingdom, and the Mayapan League. We accept the Guaranì’s trade proposal and gifts to the Emperor but see this as a sign of submission and now consider the Guarani our tributary. Ccapac Hauri gains much of the nobility’s trust and support further solidifying his rule. Agriculture continues to be expanded and adapted to the region’s climate. Sapa Inca Ccapac sees the importance of having a site of maritime trade in the empire and orders the construction of a port city named Túpac (in OTL Callao) in order to get more wealth for the empire. We send Government Officials to conduct a government census to determine the population of the empire (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED).
  • Assyrian Empire: Adonibahal II is assassinated by members of the royal court under the direction of his 22-year old son, Eshaya I, who has his father's pagan wife put to death, and his mother installed as the Queen Mother of Assyria. The new king quickly reverses the pagan decrees of his father, having the army hunt down and kill the priests of the ancient Mesopotamian religion. Their shrines and places of worship are torn down and put to the fire, along with their books of spells and foretelling. Eshaya makes clear to all of his subjects that the pagan faith of their ancestors shall never return, and states that all good things are possible in the name of God through his Son, Jesus Christ. On the orders of Eshaya, a great cathedral is planned for construction on top of the plot of land Adonibahal II planned to construct a ziggurat upon. This cathedral is to serve as the center of Assyrian Christianity, and shall become the second home to the Patriarch of the Church of the East at Eshaya's invitation, and a center of Christianity throughout the Middle East. Due to the actions of his father, King Eshaya resolves to bring a swift end to the war with Babylonia. Having noted the intervention of the Babylonian armies into the region, Eshaya instructs his soldiers to attack the overextended baggage trains of the enemy army, and goad the Babylonians into besieging Assyrian cities. Upon their haste siege to secure food and supplies for their forces, the Babylonians find themselves surrounded outside of major cities by a rapidly constructed wall, trapping them between the besieged city and the Assyrian armies. With this tactic, Eshaya's armies kill thousands of Babylonians, and successfully push many of them out of his kingdom. In retribution, the cities of Kar-Ishtar, Arrapha, and Tagritianu are besieged by the Assyrians and captured by them, expanding Assyrian territory farther south and closer to the lands of the Babylonians. Emissaries are dispatched from Nineveh to Babylon to seek a truce, and bring an end to what Eshaya describes as "much pointless bickering". So as to fulfill a truce and highlight his good faith, Eshaya sends his sister to Babylon to marry its king, while likewise requesting a wife for himself from the Patriarchal See of Babylon. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) The highway constructed by Adonibahal II is completed by the soldiers of Assyria, who begin patrolling the road and ensuring the safety of the traders and commoners between the cities of Nineveh and Ashur. Eshaya commemorates the completion of the road by traveling south to Ashur to celebrate Easter in the city with the clergy there, and gives out many gifts of food and coin to the residents along the road. Upon reaching the city, Eshaya begins work on the new domestic policy of the kingdom, focusing on its internal stability and securing the borders of Assyria with Babylon in light of his requested truce and marriage alliance.
  • Aztec Empire: Food security and fruitful trade relations cause the population to rise further and wealth comes to the more rural areas of Totonacan since the alliance with Copaocan (Cobao) lets local ports flourish. With the newly achieved alliance with the Cazique of the western island, and a smaller army is sent to aid them. This support is under a single condition, though, namely for the Aztecs to have the right to fund a city on the island (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). Interest in both the newly discovered land in the east and the conquest of the Tlaxcala (the lower blob inside my territory). Due to the further advancement of the Aztec religion and further contact with non-sacrificing lands to the north,, the human sacrifices are less practiced on a regular bases. Rather, mass sacrifices are held during special holidays. One such occasion is at the summer solstice of 1499, when over 1,000 captives were executed in the three main cities alone. To make this possible, slaves are either bought from the Mayans or, a practice that is more common, slave raids called Flower wars. Though they fell out of favor as the society advanced, the Aztecs are still at a constant state of war with the Yopitzinco to the south. A major fleet is set up to establish a hopping off point for future expeditions. The first invasion is made to the Xalpitzahuacatlan (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE) (literally, "Sand lands by the water", general term for the Caribbean Islands, specifically the Bahamas). Further developments to the script that was established earlier, a standardized spelling is established and the direction is officially set to be right to left. The new and easier communication make direct rule from Tenochtitlan more favorable than keeping it at the local Tlatoaque. As horses took a place in the region a long time ago, the Mazalpīltl (little deer, horses), plowing and warfare is put to a new scale, making the elite Cuachicqueh soldiers even more mobile and effective. Furthermore, the infrastructure expansion continues, to connect the recently covered regions to the empire as trade via land expands. Pottery, wax, jewelry and spices like chili peppers are exported throughout the region. 
  • Miskito: King Bolanos is elected king of Miskito, he began construction of a university focused on Medicinal development, since a statue of the God of Life fell and killed the last king people lost fate and focused on academia. 
  • Lenapehoking: The successful war in the east sees the incorporation of Sewanhaka as a province in the kingdom. The nation follows our allies and declares war on the Kingdom of Powhatan. Beforehand, the navy is primarily moved to the southern bay, so that soldiers can be quickly ferried to the Wicocomico Peninsula [region south of the Potomac River]. The Akquiwan are hired [“The Black Cloth” Mercenary Company], numbering 3,000 men, and ordered to meet our forces south of Conoy. An additional 4,000 Lenape foot soldiers, 850 elite royal guard, 600 knights, and 20 cannons are dispatched to the region to meet them, all under the command of veteran general Kiondashawa. A second voyage returns to the island of Wëskmëna, this time with the intent of establishing a small trade post for use once the mainland of the Holy Western Empire is discovered. 100 soldiers are tasked with building an initial fort, killing or capturing the small number of natives that are discovered. Two years later [1497], a second expedition lands with an additional 100 men and 80 women, discovering the fort to have sustained many casualties. The leader of the group orders the land to be cultivated, while a search also begins for mineral deposits. When this proves largely futile, the governor leads 150 people to settle a newly discovered island to the east [Faial Island]. However, the government would primarily focus on the reports of land farther to the east, which as believed to be the mainland. An expedition under the command of Shingas lands at Langundowi [Lisbon] in [1497], along with 1,000 settlers, soldiers, and slaves. The settlers are primarily harsh to the locals, seizing food and captives, and using natives as a workforce. During this time three other expeditions are launched for the purpose of exploration [1495, 1497, 1498]. The first follows the coast southward from Langundowi, until new land is discovered across the sea [North Africa]. This is followed by the second expedition, which continues farther down the coast, also taking note of several islands off the coast [Canaries]. The third expedition remains off the [African] coast, but focuses on establishing contact with natives in order to trade. Beginning in [1499] the nation obtains the first Nescalenk [“black”] slaves from this land, and transports them to the colony in the north.
  • Tarascan State (Tzintzuntzan): Under the reign of Cazonci Zuagua, our nation has grown secure and has repelled many raids from the bordering Chichimecas. We shall expand along the Pacific Coast to the lands of OTL Central Jalisco. These new provinces shall be incorporated as autonomous regions of our empire and are allowed to do perform their own menial tasks without our influence. Hearing how many nations are starting to colonize the lands east of them, we sent a flotilla of ships (seven ships) to venture west and see if there is any land there and if it is possible to get to the land which the Lenape discovered [1498] (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). We hope to become allies of the Aztec Empire to the southeast and trade with them and the Caribbean states. We shall develop our Arquebuses and improve the volley fire strategy. As our territory is mostly plains we shall incorporate horses into our military and build roads to connect our capital region with border areas. To conquer the Pacific Coast we shall send an 30,000 strong army to take control of cities which consists our newly established light cavalry force (mounted archers mostly, considering our skill at archery in OTL.), infantryman, 28 cannons and knights. There would also be a smaller force of 10,000 to sweep up the countryside.
  • Salish Kingdom: A second warband is sent to Paiute lands to help.
  • Guarani Empire: By 1495 the Gurani Realm would be stabilized and the throne secured following the efforts of the Great Emperor Arandikatu. The Empire´s economy would prosper as result of the commercial agreements with it´s neighbours, to further this growth the Emperor would sponsor the expansion of the fluvial merchant marine with the region´s rivers serving as local commercial highways and going all the way to the Andes. Politically, incentives would be given to the merchant class in order to increase the state´s trading revenue, and also creating another upper class powerbase for the Emperor. Furthermore Arandikatu would pursue a policy of military modernization with the broader adoption of arquebuses and cannons in the Imperial Army. In 1500, the first military expedition of the new monarch, against the Charrúa, would be organized as a way to display his strengh and also test the new reformed army. A mobile Vanguard of the elitest units in the Empire made up of 4,000 Knights and Men-At-Arms and 6,000 "Apakandu" Cavalry (Akin to Early Hussars) would be sent out at first to deny the enemy time to raise all its forces and also to occupy the countryside. The vanguard would be followed by a force 30,000 men, mostly infantrymen with some Apakandus and 32 cannons tasked with defeating remaining enemy forces in the field and besieging the enemy strongholds.
  • Thule Empire: The Thule Empire continues to prosper under the reign of King Tulugaak. A colony is founded on the OTL Isle of Mull in New Nunavut, called Innagidluk (derived from the Thule words meaning "cliff bay" in reference to the cliffs at the site) (OTL). The native Kalaatun, being a warlike people, have been highly hostile to the settlers so far. However, our method of buying their land and offering them extensive trade deals seems to pacify them wel. The colony of New Nunavut expands to cover the entirety of the Isle of Mull in its initial years. King Tulugaak sends Ikiaq Novogalik on yet another expedition to explore what lies beyond. His expedition travels along the eastern coast of the island of New Nunavut, along the coast of OTL southern Norway in the land called Napâttumik (derived from Thule "napâttutuinnak mik" meaning "spruce land") (OTL Scandinavia), up the Oslofjord, and along the Glomma River. He writes in his diary the vast pine forests of Napattumik, the rising snow-capped mountains and steep cliffs, and the rocky shores. He describes the Napattumik natives and how their peculiar appearance and culture are strikingly similar to the Icelandic natives. These journal entries mark the first documented use of the term "Tuniit", originally a Thule term for the Dorset culture, as a catch-all term for the European "barbarians". Trade with the Serene Republic of Chesapeake encourages cultural diffusion between the Thule and the Chesapeake. The cultural developments of the Renaissance spread to the Thule, and elements from Chesapeake art begin to appear in Thule art. King Tulugaak declares war on the Naskapi to the south, wishing to assert dominance over eastern Canada. He sends an army of 8,000 men to fight the Naskapi, with around 4,500 infantrymen, 2,000 cavalry troops, 1,100 artillery troops, 390 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (ALGO NEEDED) He requests King Beuthuk II of the Beothuk to send troops. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Innu: At the death of an old man, a new era is beckoned. His son, Nipi Atshak, is made the katakuaitshesht (leader), and begins rallying for a united nation of the ethnically similar northeast. Due to this, he proposes a union with the Eastern Cree, citing their shared language (Algonquian) and culture (Mod Response). Many Innus move into the cities of the coasts, especially toward the eastern coast and on Notiskuan (Anticosti), which turns into a major trade post due to its position on the Naneuepanuat (St. Lawrence River). Hearing tales of the land of the Assimikuauapan (land of the red [rising] sun, referring to Europe and Africa), Nipi Atshak sends a group of explorers to chart the coast in April of 1495. The expedition followed the Labrador stream southward and used the gulf stream to the north Atlantic drift, and reaching OTL Cornwall and Ireland before using the East Greenland current to come back. They returned the June of the next year after waiting out the winter in Greenland (the plan was originally to wait in Iceland, but due to the norse revolt and instability, was changed to Greenland), and landed at the port of Ishtuashu (OTL Rigolet) situated on Atatshi-Uinipek (Lake Melville) with the stories of odd natives. A second expedition is sent in 1496, returning in 1497, which charts most of Ireland and northern Scotland, which are named Nipiutshu (Wet Mountains) and Minishtik-Panetinau (Island Plain) respectively. In 1498, some of those same sailors are commissioned to help escort some settlers to the coast of Ireland to set up a trade post. However, before reaching Ireland, the group got pushed off course onto Brittney. Believing it to be the land they were heading for, the settlers started their trade post near OTL Breast, naming it Mashtu Notiskuan (New Anticosti) due to the town intended to be a trading post. Trade with the native commences. Trade continues with the South Coast (OTL East Coast of the USA).
  • Okimate of Roanoke: The Roanoke People live under an Okimate (Okima meaning 'chief' in Algonquin) centered in the Central Outer Banks. The Roanoke are a vibrant community of various different Algonquian ethnic groups. Though they hold much territory along the banks of the Roanoke River, their home has historically been recognized as Roanoke Island. Its capital, Kurawotan (Eng. Croatoan, meaning 'council town'), which is located roughly near the location of OTL Wanchese. This Croatoan is not to be confused with the OTL 'Croatoan' on Cape Hatteras, though this area is an important city to the Roanoke. Though Roanoke is nominally a merchant republic administered by an elected official, the military holds the true power in Roanoke, as is the case in several other states along the Outer Banks. The military leader of the nation is known as the Okima. These states, which share an ethnic and geographic identity with Chowanoke, were once all part of a number of various states throughout history that have risen and fallen throughout time. Roanoke currently holds naval power over much of the Albemarle Sound, and their fleets of longships are frequently hired throughout the various Algonquin and Tuscaroan tribes of the Outer Banks. They do, however, frequently clash with the Chowanoke and Weapemeoc. Due to the close proximity of both Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking peoples, there is much strife, though this does also result in dialogue between the two groups, which in-turn has allowed for a great network of inland trade. Currently, the reigning Okima is Machk Wisaw, who has held his office for 40 years. The Menatona (elected leader - literally, 'one who listens well') is Paquiwoc Etlelooaat, who has been a rising star in Roanoke politics. The son of a Tuscaroan-speaking father and an Algonquian-speaking mother, Etlelooaat's ancestry is traced matrilineally, as is the custom in Roanoke. The betrayal of Captain Manteo results in his ostracization from most Outer Banks states; his dishonorable betrayal of his Okima marks him as an Umaq; a godless traitor - perhaps one of the worst things to be marked in this region of the world. With many ports denying him safe passage, Manteo is adrift at sea with his 'treasure fleet.' Though Okima Machk is largely unconcerned, Paquiwoc Makkitotosimew takes it upon herself to bring him to justice. After a month-long search, she is able to lure him into a trap with the promise of safe harbor. The pirate takes the bait and his fleet runs into a trap near a barrier island. Roanoke ships push him forward through a gap in the barrier islands, where the sea is covered in oil. As he sails forward, the oil is ignited. Manteo's fleet quickly disperses. Though many are boarded or destroyed, Manteo himself runs his ship aground. After a brief skirmish, he is captured, burned alive in a barrel, and a fingerbone is taken by Makkitotosimew. With the seizure of Ocracoke, Roanoke is in a good position to protect itself from attacks from the south. Trade flourishes this year; as news of Manteo's capture and execution reach the Outer Banks, many would-be pirates err on the side of caution. The ranks of the Military College of Dasamonguepeuk swell this year, as the idea of capturing pirates becomes romanticized for a time. Those that join the navy gain their wish, as the Chesapeake declares war on Powhattan. Much of the Outer and Inner Banks become fearful of Chesapeake expansion. Roanoke takes this opportunity to establish a number of fortifications on OTL Knott's Island and along the various beaches. At the behest of his daughter, Okima Etlelooaat proposes a royal marriage between Makkitotosimew and the Weapemeoc Prince in order to forge an alliance to protect the two nations against the aggression of the Chesapeake. Other Carolinian tribes are invited to a war council, where (if the council votes), war will be declared on Chesapeake. The nations invited to the war council are as follows: Weapemeoc, Chowanoke, and Pasquotank. The combined fleets would blockade the bay while an advanced group would move in and blockade the city. In the meantime, 15,000 Roanoke troops would invade from the south on foot, sieging Chesapeake, with the other militaries lending their own support. The forces would instruct Chowanoke (if available) to invade from the southwest, intending to push the Chesepeake to the shore while advancing Roanoke forces would finish them off before laying siege to the main settlement itself.
  • League of Mayapan: At first, we are shocked to have visitors form lands far away. These men from the far away place [Tawantinsuyu/Incan Empire] want to learn our language and culture. We welcome them. If they want to see more of the Mayan culture, the Incans must give us some wool, tin, and other products (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). The things that they bring in will be used to decorate a grand temple that is being planned on being built in Chichen Itza. We have heard enough of this new world and decide to send our own expedition [in the spring of 1498]. In the fall of the same year, we discover OTL Mauretania. This proves that everything our ancestors believed in was wrong. We map up to 200 miles of coastline. We decide to come back in two years.
  • The Plains Cree Confederacy, led by Supreme Chief Asiniyeo (ᐊᓯᓃᐃᐤ, Asinîyew), undergoes reforms to centralize state power and consolidate territorial integrity. These reforms are supported by the Grand Council, due to the feared notion of Cree technological inferiority, and the pressure of being wedged between the southern Sioux Empire and the northern Thule Empire. A prefectural system is established, with each of the 30 new prefectures containing approximately ~50,000 inhabitants (equivalent to about 1,000 villages). The prefect – who controls the regional garrison – serves as the representative of the Supreme Chief, and as such, his/her duties consist largely of enforcing local law and order, as well as protecting the Cree's territories from foreign incursions. Meanwhile, the Grand Council is relegated to a legislative body, though the High Chiefs retain substantial power and prestige. Meanwhile, five ministerial bodies are established to assist the Supreme Chief in administrative duties. All of these positions will be appointed by the Supreme Chief – however, with the discretion of the Grand Council. These are the Board of Domestic Affairs, which manage civil appointments and state ceremonies; the Board of Foreign Affairs, which is responsible for foreign trade and receiving foreign missions; the Board of Justice, which enforces the criminal code and serves as the highest court; the Board of Finance, which collects tribute and census data, as well as revenue from the sales tax; and finally, the Board of Public Works, which is responsible for overseeing government construction projects. Cree Constabulary, which is under the de jure control of the Supreme Chief, still functions as the de facto local government in the frontier territories, however. Meanwhile, the Three Cities (Sipicuascosia, Osawacesis, and Osawecin) are united under a single metropolitan perfect under the direct rule of the Supreme Chief and the Grand Council. It is named "Otoscuanic" (ᐅᑑᐢᑲᐧᓂᕁ, Otôskwanihk), a reference to the sharp bend made by the Bow and Elbow Rivers, as well as the reeds traditionally used for longbows. Despite these reforms, Plains Cree society remains largely-localized around dispersed clan-based village communities. Despite the Confederacy being rural and agrarian with the few industries – such as the production of textiles, leatherware, and alcohol – being concentrated in the Three Cities, it still maintains a relatively high degree of wealth due to its lucrative exports of sunflower oil, apicultural products (honey, mead, and wax), timber (including pulpwood), and most importantly, furs and hides from bison. With higher quotas placing increasing pressure on the villages for the extraction of tribute, many larger villages begin to establish enclosures to better monitor the bison herds, as well as workshops specializing in the processing of furs, hides (to leather), and meat. Many of the villages also begin to cultivate the land intensively to grow grain, legumes, and squash for food as well as fodder – causing a shift from a mixture of subsistence horticulture and pastoralism, to complex mixed agriculture.
  • Tongva: After the Battle of Quiroste and his nominal election as Emperor in the West, Alijivit continued from the Ramaytush region into Miwok. Despite proclaiming him leader, very few nobles trusted him with their own forces, and the Tongva army remained far smaller than those of its allies. Despite this, the Tongva army would achieve a second, smaller victory in Karkin soon after, which decisively pushed the war north of the bay. Soon after (late 1495), Alijivit would be pulled back toward the south, arriving the following spring, as news reached the emperor of an invasion by a southern coalition against Tongva proper. In response to the embarrassment inflicted upon him by Alijivit earlier in the emperor’s career, Lord Humwichawa organized the largest army the region had ever seen in order to strike at the distracted emperor. The ruler of ʔívil̃uqaletem had died of old age soon after his anticlimactic venture with Humwichawa years earlier, and with the disaster looming over the kingdom, Humwichawa forced his way to the throne over the previous king’s young son. In conjunction, an army was raised of mercenaries and sympathizers from the eastern trade routes. A small number came from the Kingdom of the Delta and the Patayan Confederacy, while most arrived from the trade routes in between, who sought to squash the independent minded Tongva, restoring southern control over trade in and out of the empire. Alijivit framed his defense as a defense of the empire as a whole, attracting some support from other local, newly inspired neighbors. Additionally, he promised the spoils and lands gained from the war to allied Serrano instead, allowing him to gain their loyalty and lose their jealousy toward himself. This gamble would prove successful, as Humwichawa would be killed during the battle by one of his former slaves, collapsing the war front against Tongva.
  • Arawak Empire: We send a substantial contingent of troops to deal with the rebel supporting scum in Kalinago. Hearing rumors of lands beyond our continent, we also send a small exploration fleet east to see what we can find.
  • Sun Kingdom of Boriken: As the University of Campiflegre remains a great institute of learning, so do the scholars with the publication of the book “Municipalities” written by philosopher Arxiv Vinxunoa, which goes about explaining the ideals of the municipal system with single representatives under the king remaining to be a fair system of established government and furthermore, takes a more radical stance against the nobility in which has slowly lost power over the last 200 years and how the very system should be adopted abroad. The settlement within Sohgo (OTL Bermuda) had led to success with the absence of people and as a result, the merchant island has become home to several dozen more families as the first town is mapped out for future expansion plans of the settlement on the island. Ixponia sees more explorers land and as a result, plots for investments of a new area to trade and establish a settlement are made with hope of cooperation with natives so far to allow them to become subjects of the Crown yet plans for such remain too soon although investments have begun to flood in. With the arrival of the Boriken within Ixponia, trading for more goods such as produce like grapes plus fabrics and rare metals attract the explorers even more now especially with the grapes taste, seeds are brought back in order to be grown. A Boriken Explorer by the name of Axelon Vagxoita seeks glory by proposing a new venture; sailing to the Pacific in order to reach the Inca. Claims are set in Luhgo (OTL Sao Miguel) with some people seeking to establish a network from the Kingdom to Ixponia as trade families set posts looking forward to new resources such as lumber, rare metals, and discovere produce and boar which had turned out to be quite tasty by the explorers after being salted and aged. Plans are set for an establishment of a colony near OTL Gibraltar as more investments are gained although the date of settlers landing upon Ixponia remain uncertain. With the Arawak at war, plans for a war against them while they are distracted are planned out as it is seen unde King Maní to push Boriken into an era of regional dominance with the additional factor of them picking on a nation they were working to develop better relations to prevent expansion by rivals such as the Caribs.

1500-1505

At the Battle of Maxúshga, Iowan-Cahokian forces encounter the Sioux under the command of Ohitekeah. In the ensuing battle the Sioux manage to achieve victory, leading to the Cahokians withdrawing from Iowa. The Sioux suffer 5,400 casualties, the Iowa suffer 3,020 casualties, and the Cahokians suffer 3,000 casualties.

The Chesapeake-Lenni Lenape army achieves a decisive victory over the nation of Powhatan, with the Chesapeake suffering 5,540 casualties, the Lenni Lenape suffering 1,410 casualties, and the Powhatan suffering 9,900 casualties. The Weapemeoc, Chowanoke, and Pasquotank join the Roanoke in their invasion, and at a second battle the Chesapeake are decisively defeated. The Chesapeake suffer 7,100 casualties, the Roanoke suffer 1,540 casualties, and Roanoke's allies suffer 2,380 casualties.In a Powhatan counterattack against Chesapeake the Powhatan manage to surround Skicoke (the Chesapeake capital). Now fearful that Powhatan is breaking the status quo as well, Roanoke’s allies withhold support and consider switching sides.

An itinerant Aztec cleric and priest named Itzcoatl, former professor of theology at the university in Tenochtitlan, causes a great stir within the Mexican valley. He posts a long treatise on the door of the public temple in Cholula, outlining many theological arguments from the ancient scriptures of Mesoamerica against the practice of human sacrifice. His reformist faction quickly gains impressive popular support among laymen of Mexico, bringing the issue to a public venue.

After the Assyrian Empire shifts it policies toward Christianity, the Christian population of the nation rejoices, while the non-Christian population instead becomes discontent. This also leads to a series of violent outbreaks, as Christians target the other one-half of the population with relative impunity from the law. The high priesthood of Baal and Ishtar, who for millennia have supported the legitimacy of monarchical rule, do not directly oppose the personal religion of the monarch. However, they attribute the recent issues in the empire to be a bad omen of the gods, and demand the king encourage the traditional rites of human sacrifice across his domains.

Baguanao of Batabano agrees to cede a city to the Aztec once he captures one from his enemies, and launches an invasion of his neighbors with the Aztec provided soldiers and funds. He is decisively defeated in battle, with most of his army lost and himself captured. A rival claimant to the throne of Batabano, Brizuela, takes control of the nation and abandons Baguanao in prison, while also deciding to ignore the deal his predecessor made to the Aztec. As the Aztec invasion of the Bahamas begins, numerous people from Batabano and the rest of the island contribute to aiding the enemies of the Aztecs.

Most of the explorers sent by the nation of Tzintzuntzan return to their nation empty handed, having been unable to locate the lands that the Lenni Lenape claim to inhabit, but a small number return reporting of a series of small islands to the west (OTL Revillagigedo Islands).

The invasion of the Colliman Kingdom by the nation of Tzintzuntzan results in a defeat for the Tarascans. The Colliman suffer 4,590 casualties, while the Tarascans suffer 10,980 casualties.

The invasion of the nation of Charrúa by the Guaraní Empire results in a decisive victory for the Guaraní, leading to the attackers capturing the northern part of the nation, and the defenders offering to pay tribute to the attackers. The attackers suffer 8,510 casualties, while the defenders suffer 11,950 casualties.

The invasion of the nation of Naskapi by the Thule Empire results in a victory for the Thule, with the Thule suffering 2,080 casualties, while the defenders suffer 4,020 casualties. As the nation of Naskapi is occupied, its government requests aid from its close relatives, the Innu and the Cree. A small number of Cree respond, and harass the approaching invaders.

  • Assyrian Empire: The request for a marriage alliance by Assyria is accepted by Babylon. In response to King Eshaya I's marriage request, the king of Babylon sends his eldest unmarried daughter, Damkina, to Nineveh to marriage Eshaya. During the marriage ceremony, Damkina converts to Assyrian Christianity and adopts the Christian name of Mariam. She is publicly baptized by the Patriarch of the East, who proclaims her eternal salvation in the name of God and the Lord Jesus Christ. Within the first year of marriage Mariam gives both to a son, who at his christening is named Elihu. Three more children, all girls, are born over the next two years following Elihu's birth. In an effort to calm the situation within his realm, King Eshaya convenes a meeting in his palace bringing the clergy from the Church of the East and the priests from the surviving temple of Baal and Ishtar to discuss the topic of religious practices. Eshaya vows to protect the non-Christian minority in his land from the Christians, declaring that one who harms an Assyrian pagan shall be as guilty as having harmed the king himself and dealt with appropriately. However, in a compromise, Eshaya likewise decrees that while the pagans shall be protected from the Christian majority, any religious activities conducted by them shall be strictly regulated, and must be conducted in the countryside away from the cities of Assyria. The pagan priesthood which has long abided by the laws of the king agree to his offer, and the Christian leadership within Assyria also agrees to the king's demands, passing on the news of his decree to their bishops who spread the news during their sermons in church. As a response to his protection, and with much persistence from the king himself, the pagan priests withdraw their proclamation of bad omens of the gods. Eshaya makes it clear to the priests in private discussion that any further interference in political matters by the priests of Baal and Ishtar is strictly prohibited upon pain of death. They are to restrain themselves to purely religious affairs in the future, and any news of human sacrifice which makes it to the king shall be dealt with painfully. No Assyrian subject or slave shall be put to death for the pagan faith, as the king's peace extends to all Assyrians, including those the pagans seek to sacrifice to their gods. Religious persecution within the kingdom decreases significantly, and a calm is enforced by the army which ensures that Assyrians of both faiths are protected under the king's law; the Assyrian Christians continues their proselytizing efforts, while the pagan worshipers continue their practices outside of the cities and worship in peace. Continuing in the way of the kings of Mesopotamia, King Eshaya I begins his annual campaigning following the end of the harvest season. Seeking to expand his realm, Eshaya mobilizes soldiers from throughout the kingdom, taking men from Nineveh, Nimrud, Arbala, Arrapha, and Assur, forming an army of more than 15,000 soldiers. Eshaya leads his army into the southwest, conquering many towns and bringing the lands into the Assyrian Empire. In a shift from the brutal methods of his ancestors, Eshaya vows to protect his new subjects in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, converting any who wish to remain free from slavery and be fairly treated under his laws. Seeking to return to their fields unharmed, many of the local commoners convert to the religion, and the Assyrians construct new churchs in the lands they conquer. Following one victory at the city of Anat located along the Tigris River, Eshaya erects a church on the spot where the locals once sacrificed human beings to Marduk. The Patriarch of the East is invited to commemorate the event, blessing the inhabitants and the new clergymen of the area. Over the next three years, Eshaya strengthens the position of the Assyrian government in the region, resettling many of the locals to other parts of the kingdom, and setting bureaucrats in the churches to manage the affairs of state in the new lands. New military garrisons are established in Anat and Idu, and a new road is planned for construction to connect them with the Assyrian core cities in the northeast. New irrigation works are constructed around the city of Nineveh, following the return of soldiers from the campaigns to begin the next harvest in the kingdom. Using the wealth obtained from the war in the southwest, Eshaya sponsors the construction of irrigation canals around the city to help bolster the next grain harvest.
  • Grand Ogiamate of Powhatan: The grand Ogima Wahunsunacock rallies together the forces of the realm, seizing on the recent defeat of Chesapeake from the Roanoke to close in and occupy the capital city of Sicoke. Wahunsunacock sends envoys of reassurance to mediate with Makkitotosimew, announcing his self-appointed duty toward the protection and mutual prosperity of the Atlantic merchants, and prevent the disturbance of ambitious republics like Chesapeake in the future. Similarly, envoys are sent north to establish a realignment of alliance with the Delaware kingdom. In the meantime, Chesapeake is annexed, with a local Weroance to administrate over the region, and the navy is sent to seize control of all their colonies as well. Much of the local population, particularly those affiliated in the military and bureaucracy, are exiled abroad, and replaced with a steady recolonization of the region. Many of the exiles settle in the Oaska Islands, but most settle a major city in the new colony in southern Gaul, named New Sicoke. The Ogima enjoys a court of his feudal nobility at the capital city in Werowocomoco, consisting of the thirteen Weroancanates, the royal family, military leaders and many lower officials. Social roles are segregated by gender, as men mainly serve in the military and administration, while women organize economy and agriculture. Military technology is largely appropriated from the Chesapeake republic, expanding the current armaments of cannons and arquebuses. The navy is also greatly expanded after this conquest, as Wahunsunacock prepares his ambition of controlling the Chesapeake Bay, and also picking up the colonization in Europe. The northern coast of Europe continues to be charted, establishing forts along the a number of islands known as the Comerian (Channel) Islands. The economy also continues similarly to that of the Chesapeake, mainly producing corn, beef, crabs, and beans, as well as regulating trade from the fur-producing Thule in the north and the nations in the south. 1,500 troops are sent to our ally the Thule.
  • Miskito: King Bolanos issues a statement to 10,000 troops to invade Westren Nicaragua. The Generals of the state decide to make the troops make trenches and putting leaves of them so when the enemy forces would walk over them the Miskitans would shoot or stab them from below. The Miskitan forces advance to Rama. King Bolanos's healts starts to fail for some unknown reason.
  • Aztec Empire: When the Hueyi Tlatoani Ahuitzotl passes away in 1502, the diplomatic relations with the Capoacatl (people of Caboan) are shattered. With the city of Ayahuacan (located at OTL Cayo Coco) that was handed over by the previous chief under full Aztec control, the nephew of Ahuitzotl, Moctezuma II reaches out to repair relations to the chiefs that are at war now (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). The soldiers in the Bahamas and Capoan are called back to their homes. Ayahuacatlan is heavily fortified and some of the soldiers who participated in the previous invasions are stationed there now. Moctezuma II focuses on continental expansion, since easily available victims for human sacrifices and thus flowerwars are no longer necessary. This is strengthened by the recently occuring controversy surrounding this practice. A force of 200,000 men is mustered to solidify the Aztec empire and making the hegemony in the region even stronger. The first step is the conquest of the Tlaxcala Confederacy, which is fully surrounded by Aztec land. War is declared in 1504, when equally sized armies attack from north, south and east, to capture the capital Tlaxcalan and the major city of Tollan-Collalan as soon as possible. The attack was launched in the middle of the night, so that the messenger who will bring the message of war will first arrive after the invasion has started. The soldiers approach on both horseback and as foot soldiers, with light archery as support. The elite forces, called Cuachicqueh are supporting them as well (ALGO NEEDED). The Tlaxcaltecs are cut off from their allies, while those who are still sympathetic to them are appeased with different means. As the navy of the Aztecs has grown in numbers, an expedition is sent northeast to discover the shores of this strange land. The seamen discover a land with rocky, high cliffs and beaches made from stone instead of sand, The weather is discribed as cold, wet and windy. This land seens to be an island, thus they call it Tlaloctetlan, named after the god of rain and storm Tlaloc (OTL Bretanny). The route up north is well documented, to eventually find the way back. As the priest theologist Itzcoatl makes his views on sacrifice public, he gains a large group of followers. the centers of the Aztec faith, namely the region around the lake Texcoco, react sceptical of the new movement. Since the emperor has automatically the position of high priest to the god of Huitzilopochtli, he fears further radicalization of the reformists and a civil war coming with it, so he calls their leaders for an open dialogue (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). The act of immolation is seen as an honor to many even in the current days, so the suggestion is made, that a human sacrifice shall only be voluntary, and that the practice of killing prisoners of war will be abandoned. Good relations with the Kingdom of Tzintzuntzan and the Mayans are welcomed.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: The early years of the 16th century are a period of discovery for Ayiti. Explorers travel frequently across the sea, documenting their voyages and bringing news of strange islands and their inhabitants back to the homeland. Among their discoveries is the island of Madeira, which is named Little Boriken, and the southern tip of Liberia, thought to be an island and appropriately named Macanike. When the first extended maps are produced, they show a myriad of islands to the east, placed beside the west coast of North America. But soon, one expedition will inevitably uncover a geographical truth that will have enormous repurcussions for the future of the world. It is the voyage of Loquillo Cacimar, already a renowned navigator in his time, that puts existing theories to rest. In his ship, the Sahacosuk, Cacimar follows the equatorial countercurrent eastward from the Antilles to investigate rumors of more islands to the west. The current takes him directly to the shores of Macanike. Sailing down the coast as far as Gabon, Cacimar realizes the true size of this landmass, which appears quite unlike any contemporary description of the American west coast. In his report to the king of Ayiti, he writes of tropical jungles, fiery mountains, a lengthy coastline seeming to stretch forever into the distance, and savage, dark-skinned people who could not be the same as the races inhabiting the civilized world. Thus, Cacimar concludes, the lands to the east are not synonymous with the American continent, but are an entirely New World altogether, holding unfathomable wonders awaiting discovery.
  • Beothuk: We send 4,000 soldiers to our allies Thule to help them in their war efforts. Meanwhile, the army sees a further expansion as more are needed in Beothukland which is expanding slowly but steadily. Immigration to our colonies is supported.
  • Great Sioux Empire: Having routed the Cahokians and the Iowans at Maxúshga, the Iowans are ripe for new lands. Having defeated them thoroughly, the Great Sioux empire decidely annexes Iowa into our glorious hegemony. Troops are stationed in the land ready to put down any revolt they may attempt. With the war finally over the army returns home and Ohitekeah is celebrated as a hero and is offered a daughter of the Tȟáŋkanačá. However, near the end of the third year, Tȟáŋkanačá Sintemaza passes away leaving the throne to his son by his fourth wife Chankoowashtay, having ascended the throne he takes to wife a daughter of each of the chieftains. The growth of the capital city on Mni sota meeting continues with it growing to 25,000 people and becoming a full on city at this point. Chankoowashtay begins to sponsor trade within his nation making various roads for traders to travel on encouraging commerce and the like throughout the territory. He also begins a more heavy fortification of the border with Cahokia ready for any potential invasions. He also begins to open up trade routes between the Ojibwe and the Fox connecting them to the Gichigami trade routes. Most noticeably he begins to make us of the Mithisaka in order to conduct further long distance trade. These investments begin to see growth in various cities and towns as merchants come in to trade goods for metals found in the north of the Sioux. He also begins to outfit more Freeriders as the unit proved effective in the last war. Expanding our military even greater. Under him he also begins the sponsorship of art programs at his court beginning to attract writers, artists, and many other cultured people from surrounding nations.
  • Nitasina (Innu): The Innu's brother's call shall not go unanswered, and the Thule will be driven from their lands. Innu's longtime ally against the Inuits cannot and will not fall. Therefore, 8,000 troops are sent to the border of the Thule and occupied Naskapi lands, while 2,000 patrol the coastal regions against the Beothuk. In 1500, war is declared, marking the Innu involvement in the First Northern War. The eastern Cree are requested to unite and form a union with Nitasina, with Nipi Atshak citing the similar culture (the main difference is environment, but the eastern Cree live in a similar environment to the Innus), language (Algonquin), and threat (Thule) [Mod Response Needed]. Naskapi is also asked to unite with Nitasina for many of the same reasons, if their country is liberated [Mod Response Needed]. The eight thousand troops on the border are instructed to catch the Thule soldiers off guard while they are distracted in the west, and capture as much land as possible before holding the line when the Thule arrive [War Algo Needed]. 1,000 additional troops land in northern Beothuk lands to try to secure a beachhead near OTL Flower's Cove to attempt to catch the Beothuk when their not ready after sending the majority of their army to the Thule [War Algo Needed]. Notiskuan (Anticosti), Takuaikan Utenau (Havre-Saint-Pierre), and Pessamu (Pessamit) continue developing rapidly as the large cities of Nitasina, especially Notiskuan. Exploration is halted in tshishtashkamik (Europe), as all funds are put into the wars.
  • Thule Empire: The Thule Empire continues to prosper under the reign of King Tulugaak. A new colony is founded in the lands of Napattumik, called Mitsigak (derived from the Thule words loosely meaning "the meadow beside the ridge) (lit: plain beside the mountain), a translation of the native name). Meanwhile, the tiny islands associated with the Isle of Mull and the Isle of Colonsay are claimed, and New Nunavut expands outward on to the OTL Isle of Islay. A new settlement on Islay is built, called Iviukittak (derived from the Thule words meaning "green island"). In Innagidluk, a fort is built to protect the settlers from attacks by both the Kalaatun and any would-be colonizers who would also dare take the Hebrides. King Tulugaak responds to the incoming threat by sending his own troops over. Reinforcements are sent to the troops. He sends an army of 8,000 to battle the Cree and Innu forces. The amounts of each type of unit are similar proportionally to the army proportions during the invasion of Naskapi. Meanwhile, a fleet of 20 ships is sent to aid the Beothuk against the Innu invaders. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) King Tulugaak proposes to marry his son, Prince Kumaglak, to a suitable bride from the Beothuk royalty. He seeks to strengthen the alliance. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Guarani Empire: The Empire would refuse the Charrúa offer of tribute. Instead the army would keep on going and the Emperor would demand their full subjulgation under the Imperial Guarani Banners, assuring that if they surrender the Charrúa nobles and people would be preserved and not be harmed or persecuted (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). In order to make the Charrúa accept our terms the campaign in their lands would press down, with the enemy army utterly defeated in previous confrontation siege would be brought upon their remaining major strongholds and capital with the new cannons being used to bombard their fortifications. While the Great Emperor is out in his campaign he would seek to stay updated about the ongoings in his court, with messangers arriving weekly. Arandikatu would eventually hear of poor admnistration and rumours of corruption by part of the regent nobles governing in his stead, with many supposedly neglecting duties and trying to benefit themselves while the monarch is away. Gravely angered by this discovery the Emperor would decide to reform the admnistration of his realm once he returned from the campaign, he would start placing learned bureaucrats to perform state admnistrative roles.
  • Tarascan State: After our defeat in Colliman, we have decided not to wage any more wars of expansion until our army grows stronger. To achieve our goal, we shall continue to upgrade our firearms. To help this initiative, we will build a university in Tzintzuntzan. This university has attracted many intellectuals to the Royal Court. We will create military academies in multiple cities across our empire to create a better trained army. We will build aqueducts to help combat drought in some vital areas of the Empire. We hope to ally ourselves with the Maya and the Boriken nations.
  • Tawantinsuyu: Sapa Inca Ccapac continues his reign, proving to be a strong ruler. The two researchers/explorers return from their expedition, ignoring the mayans demand for cottom and other resources and safely return. They present their findings and info picked up on the writing systems of the Aztec, Mayan, and Salish, which the emperor takes interest in, he and other officials and linguistic experts begin working on a new writing system for the Quechua language. The empire continues to thrive. Agriculture continues to be developed and promoted with new ideas to improve agricultural practices being developed, terraforming the sides of hills also continues. Enemies of the emperor continue to rounded up and executed. Newly conquered territories continue to be integrated into the empire with Incan customs and stuff being introduced. The Sapa Inca gears of the recent discovery of a new land mass in the east and is intrigued, though unable to send his own expedition east due to the location of the empire, he decides to try his luck by going west and gathers a team of the best explorers and naval navigators in the empire, a couple of mighty ships and the expedition is set to launch by next year. Expansion of the city of Quito continues and much wealth comes from the city. The inca’s non-market economy continues to prosper as the system of cooperatives proves superior. Ccapac begins to invest large amounts of his personal wealth into the arts and scientific research, building science centers and museums so artists can show off their art. The “highway” system is further expanded allowing the Empire to become the most well connected nation in the known world, allowing resources, messengers, and soldiers to quickly move across the country. We send diplomats to the Aztec Empire offering to establish full relations (YCASTO RESPONSE). We send a message to the Muisca nation to our north, demanding they surrender their sovereignty and become part of the empire, if they do so their ruler will remain in charge but as a local government but amass large amounts of wealth and glory, the muisca people hold also gain access to the vast technology we posses and our knowledge. Refusing this offer will result in war and utter destruction of your nation’s infrastructure and iron fisted rule of the region. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED!).
  • Okimate of Roanoke: The Roanoke People live under an Okimate (Okima meaning 'chief' in Algonquin) centered in the Central Outer Banks. The Roanoke are a vibrant community of various different Algonquian ethnic groups. Though they hold much territory along the banks of the Roanoke River, their home has historically been recognized as Roanoke Island. Its capital, Kurawotan (Eng. Croatoan, meaning 'council town'), which is located roughly near the location of OTL Wanchese. This Croatoan is not to be confused with the OTL 'Croatoan' on Cape Hatteras, though this area is an important city to the Roanoke. Though Roanoke is nominally a merchant republic administered by an elected official, the military holds the true power in Roanoke, as is the case in several other states along the Outer Banks. The military leader of the nation is known as the Okima. These states, which share an ethnic and geographic identity with Chowanoke, were once all part of a number of various states throughout history that have risen and fallen throughout time. Roanoke currently holds naval power over much of the Albemarle Sound, and their fleets of longships are frequently hired throughout the various Algonquin and Tuscaroan tribes of the Outer Banks. They do, however, frequently clash with the Chowanoke and Weapemeoc. Due to the close proximity of both Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking peoples, there is much strife, though this does also result in dialogue between the two groups, which in-turn has allowed for a great network of inland trade. Currently, the reigning Okima is Machk Wisaw, who has held his office for 40 years. The Menatona (elected leader - literally, 'one who listens well') is Paquiwoc Etlelooaat, who has been a rising star in Roanoke politics. The son of a Tuscaroan-speaking father and an Algonquian-speaking mother, Etlelooaat's ancestry is traced matrilineally, as is the custom in Roanoke. As Chesepeake's situation becomes increasingly desperate, the War Council elects to cease its offensive. Honoring the decision, Roanoke ceases its assault. Powhattan later takes the capital of Chesapeake, again sparking worry in Roanoke of Powhattan growing too strong. However, it becomes clear that peace, at least for now, is necessary. Roanoke allows Powhattan to annex Chesapeake, but lays claim to the territory it seized; namely the Tidewater region up to Virginia Beach. The marriage between Weapemeoc and Roanoke bears fruit this year, and Makkitotosimew gives birth to three children between 1500 - 1505, two of whom are females that can carry on the Paquiwoc dynasty. Makkitotosimew accepts the Powhattan invitation. She brings with her an exotic Venus fly-trap and plenty of Roanoke's finest Black Drink, along with some of Roanoke's finest caught fish of 1500. She wishes to extend trade deals to Powhattan, yet is weary of a Chesapeake uprising, again negotiating for the Okima's claim to Tidewater and OTL Virginia Beach. Back in the Outer Banks, trade swells as Roanoke's trade rival falls to the wayside. This prosperity encourages the Okimate to establish several more trade routes through the Inner Banks and down the Carolinian Shore. The Roanoke act as a middle ground between the lumber-producing nations to the north and the bountiful islands to the south. Exclusive trade deals with the Ayiti are proposed, which would see both markets swell with coveted items, as are deals with nations along the Georgian and Floridian coasts.
  • Sun Kingdom of Boriken: With the fortunate declaration of war made by the Arawak against the nation's rival, the caribs, provides an opportunity for expansion.King Maní believes to see it fit that the kingdom should involve itself within the conflict and as a result, 10,000 men are readied onto ships in order to lead invasions of the Caribs many islands in order to overwhelm them by stretching out their forces. In the meantime Kartakarina, the flagship of the Sun Kingdom's navy including 24 other ships of the navy are sent to instate a blockade to cut off supplies. As Ixponia is seen as a region to expand in, the first dozen move over. With the great relation set up prior to expansion, hanaphat is set up to be a small settlement with the main focus being upon taking over the region. Translation between the people of Ixponia see some progress although gradual. The Inca are reached as a new passage is discovered rather than relying on travel by land resulting in the drive for trade through the newly discovered shipping lane resulting in speedy travel. King Maní now experiencing his first war as leader contacts Ayiti for support with supplies and improvement of relations.
  • Plains Cree Confederation: Due to increased pressure on the villages to fulfill tribute requirements, villages begin to organize annual or semi-annual "round-ups" of bison instead of organizing sporadic, small-scale hunting expeditions. Due to the scale of these activities, the entire village usually participates; with men locating and mustering the buffalo herds, while the women being responsible for the processing of hide, meat, and fat (as well as cleaning the furs). The surplus is used by the village to manufacture household goods, or traded to merchants for profit. Similarly, many villages start to grow grain not only for subsistence but to provide fodder to the bison herds; while the men conduct periodic checkups to tend to injured livestock and assist in births. The transition to mixed agriculture, from subsistence-level horticulture/pastoralism, continues. Meanwhile, in the Three Cities, more workshops are built due to a sudden surge of raw materials allowing the heightened production of luxury garments, leatherware (footwear, bags, fashion accessories), and tallow-based products such as fuel, cooking oil and to a lesser extent, soaps and ointments. These manufactures are both consumed by the urban elite, and also exported to foreign markets. Minor exports are paper, timber, and apicultural products. Supreme Chief Asinīyeo begins a short tour of the Turtle Island, with the intent of reviewing foreign institutions in hopes of replicating them domestically, as well as gaining insight into the production of gunpowder weapons such as cannons and the arquebus – weapons which have been acquired through trade, yet continue to mystify the Cree. With the discretion of the Grand Council, he designates his mother as the provisional Supreme Chief. He visits the Sioux, Cahokia, and reaches as far east as the Delaware and Chesapeake before returning. Upon returning, he implements four major reforms. He vastly-expands the criminal code (though there is still no civil code), with the maximum punishment being banishment from Cree lands. He codifies laws on the ownership of property and inheritance. Due to the matrilineal nature of Cree society, only females could inherit unless explicitly-stated in a written will (which is rare, given the vast majority of the villages being almost entirely illiterate). While everyone is granted the right to own property, it has little effect on village relations, as many villagers decide to cultivate their crops as a joint-enterprise with their kinsmen – dividing the produce equally between the participating households. Finally, Supreme Chief Asinīyeo mandates the adoption of last names to help enforce the collection of tribute and census data. All individuals will have two names in addition to their personal name – a matronymic name, and a clan name (based on their founder or the surrounding place). Due to many clans tracing their lineage to the same mythical figures, they are distinguished by an additional toponymic name.

1505-1510

Itzcoatl of Cholula is favorable to the compromise of the Tlatoani of Mexico, and his fellow clerics who are of moderate opinion likewise concede. However, a more radical faction led by a charismatic artisan named Guatemoc continue in a far less prominent, but more violent fashion. Guatemoc considers the religion controlled by the central government to be corrupt and calls for its general de-centralization.

Across the western continents, descendents of bison which have evolved into their own separate breed of bovids are colloquially called “cows” and serve as a common source of milk and protein. Similar bovids found by settlers in the New World are generally found to be leaner and more feral.

The invasion of the nation of Nicarao by the nation of Miskito results in a Miskito victory. The nation of Miskito suffers 4,100 casualties, while the nation of Nicarao suffers 8,950 casualties.

The Innu-Naskapi defense against the Thule and Beothuk results in a Thule victory. The Innu suffer 2,390 casualties, the Naspaki suffer 6,580 casualties, the Thule suffer 2,870 casualties, and the Beothuk suffer 2,010 casualties.

The Muisca wholeheartedly reject the demands from the Inca Empire, and instead seek alliances with the other nations of the northern coast.

After several minor battles around the Charrúa capital, the nation’s nobility elects to surrender to the invading Guarani Empire, assuming that the Guarani do not harm the nation’s people.

In the newly discovered eastern lands, ships arrive from Powhatan to the formally Chesapeake colony established in the Gaul region, but discover the colony mysteriously abandoned. All of the city’s inhabitants are missing without a trace, and the colony is mostly disassembled. On a single tree near the settlement, the word “Boi” is discovered carved on the side. Elsewhere, the Galician colony likewise faces numerous native attacks, which diminish the colony’s population significantly. In the south the Lenni Lenape colony at Langundowi is completely razed.

The Aztec attack against the nation of Tlaxcala results in a decisive Aztec victory, with the Aztecs taking the titular city. The Aztecs suffer 21,480 casualties, while the defenders suffer a total of 30,010 casualties, as well as numerous civilian deaths.

  • Miskito: after the conquest king Bolanos is beloved, in 1508 he opened up the Bolanos Unisversity but the day later he was annuced dead from an unknown disease. After 12 years of reign he had left the earth. His son Bolanos was elected Bolanos II. He has plans to settle Africa. In 1510 a group of 1,000 settlers tried to find Africa (Mod Response Needed).
  • Grand Ogiamate of Powhatan: Pleased with the diplomacy of Makkitotosimew, the Ogima proceeds to plant a garden of Venus Flytraps around the royal residence in Werowocomoco. Knowing the point of contention to Ronoake's claim to Virginia Beach, Wahunsunacock considers the possibility of selling disputed land to the Okimate, as it is not a territory of much value to Powhatan. However, for now he decides to hold on to the territory as a possible bargaining tool in a future date. Forts and defenses are built up along the Potomac River, seeing the wide expanse of water as a perfect natural defense. Similarly, many outposts and towers are constructed along the coast of the Chesapeake Bay, aiding for more expanse of freshwater navy. The Grand Ogiamate declares war on Piscatawy, and closes in the navy to bombard their capital from the coast followed by invasion. The Piscatawy Weroancanate has always been rightfully part of the Powhatan, but had broken free as de facto independent a few decades ago. Thus, this is not a war of expansion but merely reclamation of lost territory. A strike force of 20,000 troops, armed with aquabuses, halberds, and siege cannons, pushes up the coast in support of the navy to besiege the enemy capital by land. These are transported quickly to the battle site by Dragoons, supported by saber-carrying skirmishers. The Powhatan supports a far larger military relative to its population, but for this campaign the majority of soldiers are kept back as reserves and defenses. In order to strengthen our alliance with Delaware, the Ogima offers his eldest daughter, a savvy business administrator, in marriage to their ruler. In the far east, The colony of Lustitania continues to expand inland, taking claim over all of OTL Galicia. The Gallic disaster causes great distress for the Ogiamate, and generally they decide to abandon colonization in that region of Gaul completely. Instead, colonization is push much farther north, owing to a recent discovery of a second island by the explorer Yaroke. This new colony, supported by fortifications on the Channel Islands, is established at a settlement called New Werowocomoco (OTL Exeter), and the colony itself called New Powhatan.
  • Assyrian Empire: The Assyrians continue to develop the irrigation canals within their lands, with the grain harvest from the previous five years increased significantly under Eshaya's direction. The great road connecting Nineveh, Nimrud, and Assur is expanded to help facilitate increasing trade between the three major cities of the kingdom. A new road is build leading from Assur to the ancient river port of Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta, and will connect to the neighboring cities of Ekallati and Turshan, linking them to the trading network of the core cities. The new road is completed within two years by the Assyrian army and conscripted labor from the countryside, allowing for a flow of goods and manpower into the interior of the kingdom. With the success of the new road, nearly all of the major cities of Assyria located along the Euphrates River are connected to one another, and thus the power of the king in Nineveh. Cattle, grain, slaves, metal goods, and merchants are able to move through the primary urban centers of Assyria, expanding the general wealth and prosperity of the kingdom. With this information, King Eshaya sponsors the construction of a second roadway, leading from Assur to the recently conquered city of Anat along the Tigris. This decision comes as plans for the expansion of the kingdom are finalized by King Eshaya and his generals, who prepare for their next war. In following with the traditions of the kings of Mesopotamia, King Eshaya begins his annual campaigning following the harvest season. Approximately 25,000 soldiers are raised from all of the major cities of Assyria, and mobilized outside of Nineveh for the new war. Eshaya's army marches into the southwest, laying siege to the cities of Mari, Terqa, Hindanu, and Tuttul in the far west. As has been his way since taking the throne, Eshaya offers peace and freedom to all those who convert to Christianity, and vows to protect them from those who would make them slaves or offer them up to the pagan Mesopotamian gods of the past. Seeking liberation from the human sacrifices to the cruel deities Baal, Marduk, and, Nergal, many of the newly conquered peoples readily convert to Christianity in mass baptisms in the Tigris. Churches are constructed throughout the new lands, and priests resettled to look after their new flocks. Eshaya and his troops return home following the campaigns, and new garrisons are constructed throughout the conquered lands in the southwest. The resettlement of Assyrian citizens takes place, with more than 10,000 Aramaic-speaking individuals instructed to move into the new lands and to take up residence in the cities there. Queen Mariam gives birth to two sons, one in 1506 who is christened Tuviya, and the other in 1508 christened Samal. The queen takes her children to Babylon to visit their grandfather, and introduce the new children to him. While in the city, Mariam spends time with her father, explaining her faith to him and instructing him on the doctrines of Christianity and why she converted. She seeks to convince him to convert to the religion, pointing to the example of her husband and how Christianity made him a softer and more gentle man who through his devotion seeks to protect his people in the name of God and Jesus Christ. Her father states that he will consider his daughter's offer (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED), and bids both her and his grandchilden farewell as they return to Nineveh. The chief ministers of King Eshaya's court present to him plans for the expansion of the city, with the construction of a great cathredal and gardens at its center, along with a new palace that will highlight the role of Christianity in the monarchy of Assyria. The city extension will feature internal plumbing, wide avenues for residents, more than fifty churches for worship, and enough housing to accomadate approximately 100,000 individuals with time. Eshaya signs off on the planned extension, and the work of organizing the labor and resources for the construction project begins.
  • Tawantinsuyu: We declare war on the Kuna and Tairona and mobilize the troops. Incan troops march toward the north via the quick and easy road system we have laid out. Once they get to the north they quickly grab weapons, food, water, ammunition, and some armor and march toward the border. General Atoc is put in charge on the invasions. We send a group of soldiers to head toward the capitals of both nations’ capitals and to kill and destroy anything that gets in their way, while he sends two other groups for each nation to take other key points of the nations and to cut off possible supply lines. Sapa Inca Ccapac calls all the men in the empire to arms in order to crush the Kuna and Tairona. Machu Picchu is built upon with a section added that is dedicated to all the past rulers of the empire. Terraforming of the mountain sides continue in order to make it more suitable for agriculture. The Incan nobility, which are made up of the direct families of former Sapa Incas, continue to support Ccapac’s rule and support his war against the Muisca. Inca Central planning continues with economic activity being centered around the cities of Quito and Cuzco. We once again send a delegation to the Aztec Empire offering to establish full diplomatic relations (YCASTO RESPONSE NEEDED). The Incan high command gives the okay for Incan forces to pillage and burn Muisca settlements and farms. The naval expedition to find possible land in the west is launched under the command of famous explorer Qexa. The new Quechua writing system is introduced, it is based off a character writing system with the characters being based around the geography of the empire, it is immedietly introduces to the empire’s curriculum and must be taught, though quipu is still used and encouraged by the government.
  • Aztec Empire: The delegation from the Inca is welcomed with open arms and we apologize for the recent delay because of internal and external tensions. Trade relations are set up immediately. With the recent victory in Tlaxcala, the army advances further into Tlaxcala lands and tries to secure previously captured territory. The army consists of footsoldiers and cavalry, supported by archery. The elite forces, called Cuachicqueh are supporting them as well. With Moctezuma II and Itzcoatl having solved the first major schism in the "Compromise of Tezcoco", the Hueyi Tlatoani expresses anger and distrust in the reformation. The dissolution of the centralization of the faith would not only be an inherent threat to the peace in the empire, but also heresy considering it is already written down and carved into temple walls that the emperor is the high priest to the god Huitzilapochtli. Huitzilapochtli is one of the central figures in the Aztec faith. The extreme reformists are called to become more moderate and are invited to a discourse in a similar manner like three years before (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE), SECRET To ensure that the movement does not get out of control, the Tlatoaque in the affected regions are called to crack down any Cuatemocist rebellion with full force. In reward, they would be granted favorable policies from the emperor SECRET END Since the centralized faith is seen as corrupted and decadent, Mctezuma II promises to make the priest-class more autonomous, yet the priest will be educated and prepared at universities administerd by the central government, to prevent further rebellion. A complete conversion to a laymans-religion would be heresy and ignorant toward the traditions of the religion, where the centralization adn participation of nobles is essential. A captain named Acolmitzitl travels once again to Tlaloctetl (OTL Brittanny) to claim the region in the name of the Aztecs. He takes a few soldiers, five ships and some settlers with him and starts his journey from Ayahuacan in 1508. He lands at an estuary on the southwestern side of the peninsula (OTL Locmiquélic) in the summer of this year. The region is discribed as rocky, windy and cold. Most of the land is either forest or full of hollows on which cattle grazes. It took over a month until the new colony was found by local fishermen. They are discribed as tall, having beards and light skin and eyes. Despite of their physcal traits, they do not seem hostile, living off fishing and herding animals and having little interest in war or conflict. The leadership of the colony visits a local village, trying to make contact (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE).
  • Beothuk: We send 2,000 soldiers to help our ally Thule while also expanding our settlement in Beothukland. We send an expedition toward the landmass near Beothukland (OTL England)
  • Natchez: The previous Great Sun (paramount chief), previously known as Flying Moon, dies and is replaced by his nephew (as is the custom of the Natchez realm), known as Spirited Wolf, who becomes the new Great Sun. As is also custom, ritual sacrifice of the deceased Great Sun's wives takes place. This is a time of great reflection among the Natchez people, as Spirited Wolf is known for his strong will, ability to lead, and military prowess. The Great Sun orders an increase in agricultural production of corn, beans, and squash - the Natchez's staples. Meanwhile, he organizes a raiding party into the Acolapissa lands, which control part of the river delta. Aimed at improving the martial ability of his warriors, the Great Sun announces a war on the Acolapissa. The sea navy of the Natchez sails around to mouth of the great river (OTL Mississippi River), blockading the enemy nation. Using the knowledge acquired from the earlier raiding party, the military moves on the villages in the outskirts of the Acolapissa realm.
  • Guarani Empire: Following the conquest of the Charrúa Nation the Guarani would keep to their promise, not sacking the surrendered settlements or persecuting the locals. 10,000 Soldiers would be stationed in the new land to prevent rebellion. State authority would be established in the region which becomes a new province of the Empire, local nobles would not be executed or exiled but would become powerless as local governance is passed over to bureaucrats on the lines of the new reforms of the Emperor. Arandikatu would return to Guarani with his army after the sucessful campaign, the Imperial Army would enter the Imperial Capital in triumph as great celebrations are held for an entire week honouring the Emperor and the good omens of the Gods. Also serving as a test ground for the recently introduced gunpowder technology, the Expedition south would have proved the efficiency of those weaponary and would lead to further development and adoption of said. The Emperor would continue with his administrative reforms, deciding to found a large and ambitious university in the capital to replace the smaller institutions in the country. This university would begin construction in 1507 and would be made to contain all the traditional faculties of arts, theology and medicine but would be focused on the study of law as a way to expand the class of learned bureaucrats. The building would also serve as a display of prestige, hosting the Emperor´s art collection.
  • Thule Empire: With the clashes against the Naskapi, Innu, and Cree concluding in Thule victory, the reputation of King Tulugaak in Thule history is cemented. Following the recent clashes over the Naskapi territory, King Tulugaak, fearing a stalemate if the war continues, sues for peace with the Innu. The terms of the treaty are that the Thule completely annex Naskapi and the Innu and Cree pay war reparations. However, the Innu can take any Naskapi migrants who choose to migrate out. (INNU RESPONSE NEEDED) King Tulugaak also proposes marrying his son, Prince Kumaglak, to a Beothuk princess, hoping to cement the Beothuk-Thule alliance. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, Thule expansion in the Old World continues. The colony of New Nunavut expands to cover the entirety of the Hebrides. Meanwhile, the colony of Napattumik expands to cover the coastline of the Oslofjord and to the mouth of the Glomma River. Forts are built in the settlements of Mitsigak and Iviukittak. In Innagidluk, a granary is built. Settlers are sent to Iceland, New Nunavut, and Napattumik to exert Thule control over said areas. A fleet of explorers is sent to explore the southwest British coastline and the shores of Northern Europe.
  • Okimate of Roanoke: The Roanoke People live under an Okimate (Okima meaning 'chief' in Algonquin) centered in the Central Outer Banks. The Roanoke are a vibrant community of various different Algonquian ethnic groups. Though they hold much territory along the banks of the Roanoke River, their home has historically been recognized as Roanoke Island. Its capital, Kurawotan (Eng. Croatoan, meaning 'council town'), which is located roughly near the location of OTL Wanchese. This Croatoan is not to be confused with the OTL 'Croatoan' on Cape Hatteras, though this area is an important city to the Roanoke. Though Roanoke is nominally a merchant republic administered by an elected official, the military holds the true power in Roanoke, as is the case in several other states along the Outer Banks. The military leader of the nation is known as the Okima. These states, which share an ethnic and geographic identity with Chowanoke, were once all part of a number of various states throughout history that have risen and fallen throughout time. Roanoke currently holds naval power over much of the Albemarle Sound, and their fleets of longships are frequently hired throughout the various Algonquin and Tuscaroan tribes of the Outer Banks. They do, however, frequently clash with the Chowanoke and Weapemeoc. Due to the close proximity of both Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking peoples, there is much strife, though this does also result in dialogue between the two groups, which in-turn has allowed for a great network of inland trade. Currently, the reigning Okima is Machk Wisaw, who has held his office for 40 years. The Menatona (elected leader - literally, 'one who listens well') is Paquiwoc Etlelooaat, who has been a rising star in Roanoke politics. The son of a Tuscaroan-speaking father and an Algonquian-speaking mother, Etlelooaat's ancestry is traced matrilineally, as is the custom in Roanoke. Powhattan's refusal to acknowledge the claims of Roanoke strains diplomatic relations and Roanoke refuses to move its troops from the area. Heavy fortifications are made along the beach, with several key points and temporary camps being constructed throughout the Tidewater region, especially along the North Landing River. Okima Machk declares this river to be the border between Powhattan and Roanoke, with the former Chesepeake city borders being honored. He announces that this hard border will secure lasting cordial relations between Roanoke and their new neighbors. A council is held in Croatoan this year, with representatives from those of other states that aided Roanoke in its last war against the Chesepeake invited. With the Powhattan now attacking another nation, it is clear that the region is facing severe political instability and must adapt to survive. Therefore, the League of Oskan - a coalition of the tribes with which Roanoke fought against Chesepeake - is proposed, to protect the Outer Banks. They attempt to secure this legitimacy via political marriages with Makkitotosimew's female child - to Chowanoke - and the male to Pasquotank (MOD RESPONSE REQUESTED)​​​​​.
  • Muskogee: Mekko Estekene, spurred by gaining strength against our stronger northern neighbors the Owvlane and inspired by stories of wealth in the Holy Western Empire, comissions the explorer Hecetv to set sail and find a direct trade route to the Holy Western Empire. A huge current from the Gulf Stream brings him up north before being brought back down south, the explorer Hecetv lands on an island  he calls the Hvsaklatkv (meaning west, OTL Tenerife) after the Holy Western Empire and establishes a small settlement called Hvsaklatkveste (Western people), denoting the life on the island on the coast of the island for future expeditions (in OTL Santa Cruz de Tenerife.) In the second part of the expedition, Hecetv travels south, following the current finds a group of islands with beautiful green waters, naming the islands Owvlane (watergreen), being so enthralled with the islands that they settle there, and naming the settlement they established Heruse (meaning pretty, in OTL Praria), marking its beauty. The colonizers are happy that no one else is on the island, that they are the only ones there, making Owvlane a true new home for the Muskogee, while Hvsalakveste shall be used as a trading port
    • Recognizing the importance of having close friends in the region, the new Great Sun of Natchez offers the Muskogee an alliance and the hand of his daughter in marriage for a Muskogee nobleman.
    • We accept the Great Sun's daughter's hand in marriage and the alliance offer of the Natchez.
  • Plains Cree Confederacy: Supreme Chief Asinīyeo establishes the first arsenal, as well as constructs a network of state-owned foundries within the Three Cities. All of these sites are placed under the control of the Board of Finance. In addition to bows, arrows, and melee weapons, the former produces a small number of gunpowder weapons – such as small cannons and arquebuses. However, the High Chiefs still hold the bow in higher regard, due to its higher accuracy and firing rate, as well as its suitability for horseback warfare. The Supreme Chief also pioneers the introduction of the "open range system", with each village having a designated range distinct from farmed or residential land, where the bison are allowed to graze with minimal interference. The villagers, however, are allowed to visit the herds for period checkups/delivering of fodder, and organizing small-scale hunting expeditions. However, large-scale round-ups would only occur on an annual or semi-annual basis. While a portion of this would be given to the Three Cities per tribute obligations, the surplus could be processed and turned into household goods or manufactures for trade. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of furs, leatherware, tallow-based products, and cured meat. The transition to mixed agriculture from subsistence-level horticulture/pastoralism continues, triggering a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills.
  • League of Mayapan: A second expedition is sent [in 1501] to the Mauritanian coast when the first one returns home. A small settlement is madenear OTL Nouadhibou in order to adapt to the new climate. We notice new creatures that are different than we would see in the Maya homeland. Chichen Itza competes with Mayapan for population. All of a sudden, the king from a land close to us [Miskito] requests an alliance. We accept without hesitation.

1510-1515

A smallpox outbreak occurs in the Iberian region, devastating the native population of the region. After the Lenni Lenape attack occurs against the Lusitani, the Lusitanian people are particularly devastated, with a large portion of its population dying.

The Miskito nation’s expedition to the east successfully makes landfall, however, due to poor planning and an outbreak of disease, the colony collapses within a year. A few hundred people are killed, while the rest choose to travel back to Miskito.

The invasion of Piscataway by the nation of Powhatan results in a decisive Powhatan victory. The nation of Powhatan suffers 4,390 casualties, while the nation of Piscataway suffers 10,980 casualties.

The invasion of Mattabesset by the Lenni Lenape results in a decisive Lenape victory. The Lenape suffer 4,980 casualties, while the defenders suffer 8,490 casualties. Elsewhere, the Lenape invasion of the Lusitanians results in a Lenape victory. The Lenape suffer 1,010 casualties, and their native allies suffer 3,920 casualties, while the Lusitanians suffer tens of thousands of deaths, including civilian casualties.

The nations of Chowanoke and Pasquotank accept the proposed royal marriages with the nation of Roanoke, and the nations of Chowanoke, Pasquotank, and Weapemeoc accept the offer to join the League of Oskan. Independently, several of these nations send aid to the nation of Piscataway, along with the nation of Nottoway.

The Assyrian campaign in the west experiences numerous difficulties, but leads to the capture of the cities of Mari and Terqa. Initially, the Assyrians suffer 5,910 casualties, while inflicting heavy 10,100 casualties on the natives of the region. During this campaign the nearby nation of Mitanni sends extensive aid to Mari, and are later joined by their western neighbors when Tuttul is attacked. As a result, the Assyrians are decisively defeated at Tuttul, with the Assyrians suffering 8,810 casualties, the Mitanni suffering 1,340 casualties, and the Mitanni allies suffering 2,020 casualties.

The Natchez invasion of Acolapissa results in a decisive victory for Natchez. The attackers suffer 3,010 casualties, while the defenders suffer 6,580 casualties.

The Innu-Cree invasion of Naskapi results in a stalemate. Initially the Innu are successful, but during the Battle of Whapmagoostui, the King of the Eastern Cree is killed. This leads to the Innu being pushed back, and with the throne of the Eastern Cree now contested. The leader of the Innu holds a claim to the region, which could possibly lead to a union of the two states, while pro-Thule members of the court hope that the Innu will be prevented from ascending to the throne, and instead support a claimant named Penashue. The Innu suffer 1,980 casualties, the Cree suffer 2,450 casualties, the Beothuk suffer 900 casualties, and the Thule suffer 3,080 casualties.

The Cuatemocists do not accept the offer by the Tlatoani. However, instead of rebelling most of the leaders leave the nation and migrate to neighboring states of Michoacan and Tlaxcala.

The “Cathedral” of Nineveh collapses after its construction, tragically killing the King Eshaya and 16 others. With his immediate successors as the young children of Mariam, this causes some instability in the kingdom. The recently-vassalized cities by the seasonal campaigns of the empire attempt to throw off the yolk. In Mari, the Aramaic migrants into the region fall under the banner of Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu, a pagan military leader attempting to usurp the government in Nineveh for himself. Mariam’s father in Babylon, although respectfully declining the offer to Christianity, nonetheless offers to act as guardian for the young heirs to the kingdom, and similarly other relatives of the late king’s in-laws seek their own influence in Assyria.

  • Arawak Empire: After the successful conquest of Kalinago, the territory is annexed as the 7th Qheldar of the Empire. After the death of the previous emperor, the six Arc’Qheldar meet in the capital city of Ido’arawak to decide on a new Emperor, as well as the new Arc’Qheldar to rule Kalinago. The Qheldar decide to elevate Qhel’Ish’Neesym to the position, succeeding his late uncle. The young Emperor immediately sets to work. One of the first priorities is to improve the links the seven major cities in Arawak (The capital of each Qheldar, as well as the capital city itself) together. Together, these cities account for roughly two of the eight million people who live under Arawak rule, and while roads already exist, they begin to be vastly improved. In addition to providing easy transport across his vast dominion, Qhel’Ish’Neesym plans for the roads to be used for easy military transport, and as such forts are built roughly every 30 miles along them. As another project, the deeply religious Emperor begin to further spread the religion of Qeht’idol, primarily by making ceremonies a larger part of government and public business, and by funding major temples in most Arawak settlements. Hoping to expand the cultural footprint of his realm, Qhel’Ish’Neesym sends Qeht’idol missionaries to nearby nations, especially Kalinago and Palicur. ‘’’Building off our previous expedition, a force of Arawakans is sent to the previously discovered new world’’’, landing and starting a small settlement in a place quickly dubbed Alaquoia (EXACT SITE IS OTL ACCRA). With the conquest of Kalingo, the new Emperor also begins to invest heavily in upgrading the nation's already poweful navy, hoping to complete as many as 150 state-of-the-art ships (to a total of 300), as well as numerous miscellaneous smaller ships.
  • Assyrian Empire: Loyalists of the late-king Eshaya gather to bury him in a tomb outside of Nineveh. Many mourn the loss of their king and his attempts at improving the lives of his subjects, and seek to complete Eshaya's works throughout the kingdom. Some within the king's inner circle investigate the collapse of the cathedral, seeking to determine the cause of structual failure. Having had experience building other massive works such as the ziggurats, temples, and great palaces of Ninevah, Assur, and Nimrud, the officials are at a loss as to why a similar work failed so suddenly. One of the officials, a court scribe from the city of Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta, discovers that many of the workers involved in the construction of the cathedral were pagans from the west, employed by the late king prior to his early death. The scribe reports to the regency council that many of these workers had been gathered by the priests of Baal and Ishtar in line with King Eshaya's attempts to heal the divide between between Assyrian Christians and pagans during his rule. Many of these conscripted workers are quickly rounded up by the army, and tortured to force them to reveal any foul play on their part. As expected, seeking to undermine the king and reinstate the old gods of Assyria to prominence, the priests of the old Mesopotamian deities conscripted pagan workers who produced brittle bricks and foundations for the cathedral. When Eshaya and his entourage arrived for their regular inspection of the construction work, some of the workers deliberately destroyed some of the pillars which caused the entire structure to collapse. Their planned murder of the king had been well-known to all of the pagans involved, hence the reason so many were absent at the time of the cathedral's collapse, resulting in the few fatalities at the scene. What's more is that the pagan priests had been in contact with the general Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu, who had long lamented the demand by the king that worship of the old gods be restricted outside of the urban centers, and the ban on human sacrifices. He had been in the west with soldiers loyal to his cause, preparing for the offensive into Assyria's core territories. This information is revealed to the public in Nineveh and Assur by the regency council, leading to widespread outrage and rioting. Christians throughout the kingdom revolt, angered by the murder of their Christian monarch by the pagans he had not just tolerated, but protected from other other Christians in the kingdom. Believing that with the death of their king at the hands of the pagans, the truce that had been arranged by Eshaya with the pagans was now null and void. Queen Mariam returns to Nineveh to head the regency council on behalf of her eldest child Elihu, and gives her consent to the campaign to rid Assyria of its pagan population. With the blessing of the Patriarch of the East, thousands of Assyrian Christians go door to door dragging men, women, and children belonging to the old Assyrian gods from their homes, and putting them to the fire en masse. In the territories claimed by the pagans in the southwest, the Aramaic-speaking Assyrians send requests for aid to Nineveh to save them from the hands of the pagans. Seeking to Christianize the region, Eshaya elected to resettle Christian Assyrians in the newly conquered lands, and provided them with land with good soil to farm on. Angered with this, the pagans of the lands exploited the vacuum in power to assault their Christian neighbors, leading to the death of hundreds. In response to their plea, the Christian army of Assyria marches south under the leadership of King Eshaya's cousin, Hodiya, to confront Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu. Every loyal city in the core territories of Assyria contributes their full military complement, providing Hodiya with an army of approximately 18,000 men. While Mariam and the regency council stabilize the political scene in Nineveh, Hodiya moves south rapidly, pursuing the army of Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu before laying siege to his base of operations in Mari. To prevent another incursion by the Mitanni from the west, an advance force from Assyria is sent upriver to poison the wells in the region, robbing the Mitanni of freshwater and preventing them from advancing into Assyrian territory. With the Mitanni threat neutralized, Hodiya lays siege to Mari, constructing two walls surrounding the city, one to prevent people from fleeing and another to prevent raids on the Assyrian war camp. The Assyrians gather enough supplies to sustain their siege for years, and the roads built by Eshaya years before serve their role well, allowing for the rapid resupply of Assyrian forces in the region. While the bulk of his army besieges Mari, Hodiya leads the other portion into the surrounding lands, crushing all revolting pagan towns and forcing them to bend the knee once more to his household. Back in Nineveh, Mariam successfully nullifies the influence of her in-laws in the city with the support of the Christian ruling elite. She pacifies the raging Christian mobs in the kingdom and prevents the wholesale slaughter of the pagan Assyrians, though by the time she has accomplished this, many of the pagans have either fled or been killed. However, the priests of Baal and Ishtar are punished for their crimes, and the religious orders of the old Mesopotamian deities are exterminated by the Christian ruling class, solidifying the power of Christianity in the kingdom. In Babylon, Elihu grows to become a shrewd individual under the tutelage of his grandfather. Having read of the difficulties his family faced to ensure his rule, Elihu vowes to not let their efforts be in vain. With the direction of the Patriarch of the East and the king of Babylon, a suitable young girl of Christian origin is betrothed to him with the blessing of his mother. Elihu spends his time studying war and politics in the court of Babylon, and closely watches the political games and intrigue of the ruling class to learn how they seek to manipulate and outmaneuver one another for the king's favor. By the time he reaches the age of 15, his grandfather reports on Elihu's status to Mariam, citing his "good nature, physical prowess, devout faith," and above all, "spitting image of his late father."
  • Miskito: After the unsuccessful expedition the king decides the in 1513 some veterans from the first war and about 5,000 other would invade modern day Panama [Mod Response Needed]. Bolanos II sends the head of the Tribe leader that they conqured to the Aztec [Ycasto Response Needed].
  • Grand Ogiamate of Powhatan: After the conquest of Piscatawy, much of the local architecture and infrastructure was built up to the standards of the rest of the federation. A new university was constructed in the city of Mattawoman, to appease the intellectual elites that still influence the government. Larger building projects focus on creating forts and bridges to nearby islands in the Chesapeake Bay. Finally, Wahunsunacock continued diplomatic relations with nearby nations of Roanoke and Delaware. Powhatan sits in council with the leaders of the Outer and Inner banks states to reach a mutual accord. An offer is made to sell the land between the outer banks and Virginia Beach, and renounce all claims to the region. We further work out a pact of non aggression and neutrality with regards to the Chesapeake Bay and Delmarva peninsula. With regards to Delaware, the Powhatan coordinates a two-sided attack against the nation of Susquehannock. A military force of 20,000 troops, in the same configuration of the last campaign, moves overland supported with a navy of several dozen ships to quickly seize control over the city of Rappahannock (OTL Baltimore). In the far east, the colony of Galicia expands its claims along the northern coast. The governor Ekoya makes significant documentation of the indigenous life, especially noting the wild diversity of languages between the Lustitanian and Basque people. In New Powhatan, settlers in the region forge local trade alliances with the Britonnic people and avoid the Saxons. Primarily, they begin cultivating a new species of sheep indigenous to the new world, and export their wool back to the west for further investigation.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Following in the footsteps of Comerío Caguax and Loquillo Cacimar, many explorers, adventurers, and traders venture to the continent across the sea, charting the coastline and establishing outposts to trade with the natives. Information from explorers' maps and sailors' reports is consulted in the production of the first high-quality maps to accurately depict the geographical reality of the New World as a separate landmass from the Old World. On these maps, West Africa is labeled Macanike, Africa as a whole receives the romantic title Cacimare, and Europe is likewise called Comerioa. The Ayitians, already renowned for their naval tradition, are becoming the foremost cartographers in this Age of Discovery. This decade sees new advances in ship design as well, with light cargo ships, inspired by Caribbean piraua and Shinguan shore-runners, now able to spend a longer time at sea and agilely navigate the winds of the New World. Heavy ships, comparable to the carracks of OTL Europe, are built sturdier and bristling with cannon. The arrival of the Arawak on the coast of Macanike puts the Arawakans immediately at odds with the Ayitians, who have had a small but constant presence in the region since the voyage of Loquillo Cacimar. Although the Arawak settlement is located far to the east of most Ayitian trading posts and harbor sites, the perceived threat to Ayitian sovereignty and trade prompts King Guamacao to respond. He prepares a fleet of 26 ships, all equipped with cannon, to intercept Arawakan activities in the area. Commanded by the loyal admiral Aymaco, a renowned sea-warrior and personal friend of the king, the fleet reaches Macanike by the summer of 1511. Aymaco takes the Arawakan fleet by surprise, engaging them in battle off Alaquoia (MOD RESPONSE). After hours of bloody fighting on deck and at sea, the Ayitians manage to capture the Arawakan fleet with their goods. Unfortunately, a number of ships were lost on either side. It is no clean engagement, but it is a strategic victory that leaves Ayiti master of Macanike for the time being. Following the Battle of Alaquoia, Aymaco takes control of undefended Alaquoia and plants the Ayitian flag at a rise of land by the beach, claiming the land for Ayiti. Expecting retaliation by the Arawak, the naval presence in Macanike is increased. The next year, Guamacao sends one of his officials to establish relations with the local chief in Alaquoia and discourage them from trading with Ayiti's enemies. The meeting goes well, gifts are exchanged and a trade agreement is set up with the natives. The topic of a permanent settlement is also brought up, as the natives had expressed dissatisfaction with the Arawakans squatting on their land and using coercion to build their settlement. The official, in good faith, promises not to build a colony in Alaquoia, instead agreeing on a site farther west and recommending this to King Guamacao. Thankfully, the king agrees with the official's assessment and a trading post is soon constructed near OTL Cape Coast. Alaquoia remains a popular spot for Ayitian traders, but the treaty is honored and no attempts are made to settle the area.
    • The Battle of Alaquoia off the coast of Africa, in which the nation of Ayiti and Arawak engage in a naval battle, results in a victory for Ayiti. The Ayiti navy loses five ships and 800 men, while the Arawak navy loses nine ships and 1,600 men.
    • Arawak Response: After the defeat, ships are send to Alaquoia until the total number of Arawakan ships is 35 (Vand won't tell me how many ships I already have there lmao). These 35 ships launch a surprise attack on the Ayati force, and are ordered to set up a stronghold on land east of the original Arakan settlement after the battle, regardless of the outcome, unless total victory is achieved in which case the original settlement will be retaken. In either case, the fleet is under orders to expand Arawakan influence in Alaquoia by creating new settlements and starting trade with the locals.
  • Nitasina (Innu is the demonym): The stalemate in the north leads to the thought that the war cannot be won, and any continuation of the war would lead to pointless casualties. Therefore, the Thule offer for peace is accepted, assuming they still want peace, and the offer is extended to the Beothuk [Thule and Beothuk Response Requested]. The tragic death of the eastern Cree king shall not be in vain, as his death shall serve a purpose; an union with one of his closest, long lasting allies and between two culturally similar peoples. Penashue's illegitimate claim to the throne is scoffed at, since only the pro-Thule members of court support him, the people who supported those who fought against us. In fact, the Thule have been the historical enemy to both states, and the Cree, Inuus, and Naskapi have been close allies to combat the threat. Why should the very people we have been fighting against for hundreds of years be on the throne? Nipi-Atshak therefore claims the throne, for the greater good of the Innu and Cree. The border is militarized to 5,000 just in case the Thule reject the peace. The rest of the military (6,000 men) and those who support Nipi-Atshak in the cree military are sent to the defecting Cree military (the military that supports Penashue) to subjugate them and take Penashue and court sympathizers as a prisoner if possible. They are told to avoid civilians as this is not an invasion but putting down a rebellion (Mod Response Requested). Court members supporting Nipi-Atshak are welcomed with open arms. Notiskuan (Anticosti), Takuaikan-Utenau (Havre-Saint-Pierre), and Pessamu (Pessamit) continue to grow as major cities in Nitasina, especially Notiskuan, located at a central location at the mouth of the Naneuepanuat (St. Lawrence River). With most of the war over, a trading post is founded on the western edge of OTL Cornwall to trade with the natives. It is named Tshissekau-Assi.
  • Aztec Empire: As the surrender of the Tlaxcala confederacy, Moctezuma II personally travels there to install a trusted nobleman from Tenochtitlan. With the first of the smaller neighbours incorporated, the military takes time to rest and switching back to normal. Trade continues, while taxes on merchant are lowered and the tributary states are provided with a proper beaurocracy, where laws are written down and right is enforced by the Tlatoque. The same is done for the central government, to which the Tlatoque have to bow, as it is directly led by the emporor. The issues with the Cuatemocists are difficult to solve because they refuse to speak with their opponents. Another request to discuss the problems openly is made, this time with more pressure. When the Hueyi Tlatoani receives the head of a Guaymí chief as a supposed tribute or gift confuses the emperor at first, since this is a fairly uncommon thing to receive for an Aztec nobleman. He sends a diplomat to the Miskito, establishing the first relations. He is still suspicious because of this gesture. A request to the other Nahuan (Aztec) nations is sent, to adapt the current standardized writing system to make communication easier (MOD RESPONSE). The lands in Tlaloctetl (OTL Brittany) are further discovered, the shores are mapped and the first translators are used that speak the native language called "Brezhoneg". The people there arent treated as the civilized nation the Aztecs see themselves, but they do not experience violence or excessivly aggressive behaviour. Seeing that even their lords live like Aztec landlords and not like that what the explorers would consider a nobleman. A settlement is founded near the river, to stay in contact with the homeland and also to establish trade or better tribute from local rulers. A local "Cahzique", lord, is asked who and where his enemies are and that the Aztecs would aid him for a tribute. A contract is proposed as well, that he could also be put under Aztec protection if needed (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). 
  • Beothuk: We continue to expand our settlement in Beothukland but also establishing a settlement in OTL Wales. This area is named Acraciom land and is garrisoned by 1,000 soldiers. The king expands the army to 30,000 with the recent settlements demanding more and more soldiers.The queen gives birth to a daughter and gives her the name Hea`ther and is appointed as the heir presumtpive. We also send the Elite Royal cavalry brigade to help Thule in their war. This cavalry is personally trained by the king and its sheer presence can set fear to even the hardendest enemies.
  • Salish Kingdom: King Sui'atle IV begins his reign with the construction of the walls of Dwumish. With the warband returning from Paiute lands, a campaign against Yakima is put in planning. Supply depots are constructed to ensure good supply, and a census is conducted to determine what amounts of the Salish yeomanry are skilled in the usage of the longbows, and how many lords have sufficient forces to contribute to such a campaign. Any lords who have a large amount of fighting-age men are instructed to send them to Dwuamish to be drilled in the art of spear wielding, as well as proper military cohesion. If they know how to wield the longbow, they are taught both scouting and signaling, to operate as a proper screen, in addition to regular unit training.
  • Thule Empire: King Tulugaak continues to drive the kingdom toward prosperity, even in his later years. The colonial expansion of the Thule Empire continues. The colony of New Nunavut expands onto the Kalaatunmik mainland and onto the Kintyre Peninsula. The settlement of Little Kuujjuaq is settled (OTL Campbeltown) on the mainland. A fort is built in the budding settlement. Meanwhile, the colony of Napattumik is expanded up the Glomma River and along the southern Norwegian coastline. Settlers are sent to the European colonies to assert Thule sovereignity over the lands. King Tulugaak names his eldest son, Kumaglak, the heir to the throne. A university is built in Kuujjuaq, called Tulugaak University. In it, the famous Library of Kuujjuaq is built. Meanwhile, in Mitsigak, a granary is built. The royal palace in Kuujjuaq is renovated. A trade deal is proposed with the Ayiti, offering our best trading goods to the Ayiti Empire of the south. (AYITI RESPONSE NEEDED) A trade offer and alliance is also proposed to the Powhatan. (POWHATAN RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • Powhatan accepts the trade deal, and cautiously accepts the alliance
    • Ayiti agrees to the proposal presented by the Thule emissaries, eager to establish relations with the northern empire and receive the best of what they have to offer in exchange for the tropical commodities of the Caribbean.
  • Guarani Empire: By 1512 The Imperial House of Knowledge would be completed, situated in the Imperial Capital it would serve as a great state library and university. The institution would be composed of the faculties of arts, theology, medicine and law with the latter being the largest and most important. The House would also host the imperial collection of books and art with the Emperor looking to greatly expand it with national and foreign pieces. Professors would be hired from the older educational facilities from both the country and outside. Arandikatu would also thoroughly incentive enrollment among the nobility hoping to solidify the learned bureaucrat class, large noble dynasties would be mandated to send atleast some of their kin to study there, with many of the imperial family being sent. foreign students would also be allowed to enroll to cover unfilled spots. Arandikatu also institutes that after the graduation of the first generation of students all important admnistrative positions in the realm would require a degree.
  • Lenapehoking: The nation joins the Grand Ogiamate of Powhatan in their invasion of the nation of Susquehannock. Our forces consist of 15,000 infantry, 4,000 cavalry, and 50 artillery pieces, and are ordered to invade west into the center of the nation. At the same time a second force is deployed to remain near the border, guarding both from the Susquehanna and the Iroquois, should they aid their ally in the south. East of the Muhheakantuck river a puppet government is established, with a small number of soldiers guarding the region and the local government. A governor is dispatched to serve as the new ruler of the Lusitanians, and he retains a small army to pacify and settle the region. Centered at Langundowi, he established a colony consisting of all the occupied lands of the Lusitanians, except for land in the east, which is given to tribal allies of the region. An expedition is launched from Langundowi around the coast to the southern lands, but discovers a strait to the east. A trade post is established here, which later becomes a camp for Lenni Lenape traders. Later, a second expedition enters the eastern sea and explores the region.
  • Okimate of Roanoke: The Roanoke People live under an Okimate (Okima meaning 'chief' in Algonquin) centered in the Central Outer Banks. The Roanoke are a vibrant community of various different Algonquian ethnic groups. Though they hold much territory along the banks of the Roanoke River, their home has historically been recognized as Roanoke Island. Its capital, Kurawotan (Eng. Croatoan, meaning 'council town'), which is located roughly near the location of OTL Wanchese. This Croatoan is not to be confused with the OTL 'Croatoan' on Cape Hatteras, though this area is an important city to the Roanoke. Though Roanoke is nominally a merchant republic administered by an elected official, the military holds the true power in Roanoke, as is the case in several other states along the Outer Banks. The military leader of the nation is known as the Okima. These states, which share an ethnic and geographic identity with Chowanoke, were once all part of a number of various states throughout history that have risen and fallen throughout time. Roanoke currently holds naval power over much of the Albemarle Sound, and their fleets of longships are frequently hired throughout the various Algonquin and Tuscaroan tribes of the Outer Banks. They do, however, frequently clash with the Chowanoke and Weapemeoc. Due to the close proximity of both Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking peoples, there is much strife, though this does also result in dialogue between the two groups, which in-turn has allowed for a great network of inland trade. Currently, the reigning Okima is Machk Wisaw, who has held his office for 40 years. The Menatona (elected leader - literally, 'one who listens well') is Paquiwoc Etlelooaat, who has been a rising star in Roanoke politics. The son of a Tuscaroan-speaking father and an Algonquian-speaking mother, Etlelooaat's ancestry is traced matrilineally, as is the custom in Roanoke. Roanoke proposes the following deal to Powhatan: Seeing as how the coast is already held by the military and is de facto the territory of Roanoke, a monetary purchase seems unnecessary. Instead, Roanoke offers to use the money it would spend on the purchase of the region and invest it in the infrastructure along the North Landing River for better trade between the Chesakeake and Albemarle Bays. Roanoke offers to avoid expanding to the north further should Powhatan offer a likewise deal into OTL NC. The city of Chesapeake should also be demilitarized to avoid it being used as a bargaining chip.
  • Plains Cree Confederation: With the bulk of his reforms implemented, the Supreme Chief Asiniyeo resigns due to public distrust due to his unusually long term. He dies shortly after leaving his office, and is cremated and his ashes spread in the confluence of the Bow and Elbow Rivers – an auspicious site in Plains Cree mythology. His successor, Cisonao, a High Chief under the tenure of Asiniyeo, succeeds him. Influenced from visits to the Eastern states – which were noted to have more organized religious affairs than the Cree – he orders the establishment of the Board of Rites, thus raising the number of boards to six. Aside from presiding the newly-instituted educational system, it also now holds the responsibility of conducting state ceremonies, rituals, and sacrifices, while also presiding over a registry for legally-sanctioned religious cults and practices. Meanwhile, in the Three Cities and the surrounding region, saunas are now constructed with an overarching stone (or brick) dome – thus effectively making them the proper bath-houses, and reducing the reliance on timber sweathouses for cleaning during the winter months. Aside from serving the practical purpose of cleaning oneself, it also serves as a center for recreational activities. Similarly, many residential buildings in the vicinity (especially those of the wealthy or those serving an economic purpose) are starting to be constructed in stone or brick, whereas prior to the majority of buildings – with the notable exception of fortresses, walls, temples, and shrines – were constructed in timber, which is found in abundance. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. Despite an abundance in hides (for the manufacturing of parchment), there continues to be a shift to paper due to the abundance of pulpwood. The transition to mixed agriculture from subsistence-level horticulture/pastoralism continues, triggering a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.

1515-1520

Groups of dark-skinned merchants of a far-off land sail to the land of the Incan Empire, offering primarily to sell chickens and dates. They say they represent the kingdom of Rapa Nui.

Ankhensenamun, first Pharaoh of the 43rd Dynasty of Egypt, unites all of Upper and Lower Egypt in 1517, proclaiming the Egyptian Empire.

The nations of Mesoamerica follow the Aztecs in standardizing their writing system, as the Nahuatl language is largely used as a lingua franca of the region, with numerous similar languages also in use.

The Thule colony along the Glomma River is attacked by natives, resulting in the colony being captured and razed, The natives of the region act particularly more hostile, refusing to trade or cooperate with the foreigners.

The Shoshone achieve a decisive victory against the Paiute to the west, effectively creating a tributary state in the region. The army of the Shoshone continues westward through the lands of the Paiute, raiding the nations north of Klamath and on the edge of the western empire.

The Miskito’s invasion of the OTL Panama Region, which involves an amphibious invasion of a nation they do not border, results in a stalemate, and results in the Kuna offering to pay tribute to the Miskito if they withdraw. The Miskito suffer 2,010 casualties, while the Kuna suffer 1,850 casualties.

The invasion of Susquehanna by the nation of Powhatan and allies results in a decisive victory, with the Powhatan and Lenape occupying the eastern one-half of the nation. During this phase of the war the Powhatan suffer 2,480 casualties, the Lenape suffer 3,010 casualties, and the Susquehanna suffer 11,490 casualties. However, the invasion of its ally prompts the Iroquois to declare war on the Lenni Lenape, which successfully pushes the invaders to the southern end of Susquehanna, and leads to the occupation of parts of the Lenape’s territory. The Powhatan suffer an additional 2,890 casualties, the Lenape suffer an additional 2,090 casualties, and the Iroquois suffer 2,800 casualties. The nation of Susquehanna also requests aid from the League of Oskan.

The Mari region is roughly united into union of cities and tribes, led in part by Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu and the Assyrian rebels. The invasion of the Mari nation results in an Assyrian victory, with the Mari suffering 6,430 casualties, and the Assyrians suffering 3,400 casualties. Elsewhere, the Mitanni launch an invasion of Assyria proper, which raids or occupies the region up to Nineveh, inflicting numerous casualties, before the Mitanni withdraw and offer peace.

The second Arawak battle with the nation of Ayiti results in a victory for the Arawak, despite numerous issues with the Arawak fleet while traveling to the region. The Arawak suffer the loss of 15 ships and 4,000 men, while the nation of Ayiti suffers the loss of ten ships and 2,500 men.

The Innu invasion of the Eastern Cree to depose Penashue results in a decisive victory, The Innu suffer 3,900 casualties, while the Eastern Cree suffer 4,020 casualties, but the King of Natasina successfully captures the throne of the nation.

  • Assyrian Empire: With the withdrawal of the Mitanni forces from Assyrian territory, Queen Mariam sends for her children to return to Nineveh to take up residence in the royal palace once more. The crisis in the south is resolved and Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu is captured by the forces of Hodiya, and brought back to Nineveh to face his execution. Elihu is crowned the new king of Assyria upon reaching the age of majority, and resolves to punish all those who attempted to weaken his family rule in the kingdom. Beginning with Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu, King Elihu makes an example out of him by having his publicly skinned by the soldiers of the city, and having him thrown before the lions in the wilderness to be devoured. As for the rebels, all of the pagans who actively took up arms against the state are executed by flaying as is tradition of the Assyrians. All of their land, possessions, and family members are divided up amongst the loyalists, and the pagans who survived the war are forced on pain of death to convert to Christianity. With all organized resistance from the old priesthood of the Mesopotamian deities destroyed, and their temples and tablet records destroyed, Christianity takes place as the dominate religion within the kingdom. Any pagans who adhere to their old faith are scattered and few in number, living in terror of being exposed as a heretic and set aflame for their denial of the one true faith outside of which there is no salvation. King Elihu embarks upon the continuation of his father's public works, expanding the road network that had been planned under Eshaya but stalled during the war with Mari and Mitanni. Elihu's wife Thirza returns to Nineveh from Babylon, carrying with her the twin daughters she gave birth to while in Babylon during the war. Over the course of the next five years, she gives birth to three additional children, a boy in 1521 named Aharon, another boy in 1522 named Amiram, and a girl in 1524 named Akkuba. All three are baptized as Christians and given an education in Nineveh under the tutelage of the Christian scholars of the city. The irrigation works of the kingdom are expanded further, with a bountiful harvest in 1523 that sees thousands of bushels wheat harvested during the summer months. A great celebration is held in the capital city in honor of the king, who gives out gifts to his people and proclaims holy days of rest and public sports in the city. The city of Mari is rebuilt under his rule, with plans to make it a shining example of what shall become a beacon of Assyrian dominance in the region along the Tigris. His uncle Hodiya is established as the city's governor in recognition of his accomplishment in retaking Mari, and is given Lugal-Kinishi-Dudu's lands, wives, children, slaves, and wealth as a lasting punishment to the traitor's actions during the war. Hodiya quickly beds all of his wives, with several giving birth to his offspring, cementing his control in the region as Assyria's new western governor. Seeking to maintain the peace with Mitanni, King Elihu establishes a permanent force of nearly a thousand horsemen who are tasked with patrolling the border regions of the kingdom with Mitanni. Should Mitanni warriors attempt to infiltrate Assyrian lands, the horsemen are responsible for harassing the enemy while alerting the rest of the kingdom to the invasion attempt. To better prepare for a future invasion of Assyrian territory, a royal decree is sent out to all of the cities of the kingdom that their city garrisons are to be maintained at a level of five hundred men at all times for cities hosting more than ten thousand inhabitants, and they are to be equipped in the "Ninevite-fashion", with a conical helmet, scale armor for the chest down to the loins, a pair of leather boots, and a sling for all soldiers, who are to train regularly with it and maintain a high level of proficiency. Swords, spears, bows and arrows, and other infantry and cavalry equipment are to be produced according to strict government standards maintained by the state scribes of the king throughout all of the major cities. Under Elihu's reforms, a permanent standing army of 9,000 men is established with largely standardized equipment, making the average soldier indistinguishable from the other, increasing their unity and discipline. As needed, additional forces are to be raised from throughout Assyria to respond to invasions, but the new army is to serve as the main response force to such attacks. The new 500-man units are named after their cities of origin, and become the base unit for the new Assyrian army. Elihu arranges for a series of marriages with extended family in Babylon for his brothers and sisters, solidifying the diplomatic ties between his kingdom and that of his grandfather's. Trade with Babylon grows considerably, and focus on strengthening the relationship between the two cities is a focus of the monarchy. A gift of slaves and exotic animals are sent to the Mitanni ruler as an offering of peace, to show that there is no lasting ill will toward them by the Assyrians. Though the Assyrians seek peace with the Mitanni, Elihu makes clear that no further incursions into his realm shall be tolerated, but that he shall not follow his father's folly in attacking cities without cause. The expansion of Nineveh restarts with the end of the war, with state scribes assigned by the king to ensure the integrity of newly-built structures and enforcing a standardized level of quality across all building materials entering Nineveh. The city walls are expanded to account for the new housing and public spaces being constructed, while the wide boulevards and gardens planned by Eshaya are constructed under Elihu's reign. For the time being, Elihu takes solace in the peace in his realm, and turns to matters of state as the new king of Assyria.
  • Miskito: Using the money from the war King Bolanos II buys better boats for reasearch and also recuits pro Colonists to prep for the next adventure, he sends the Mayan also a large sum of local food [Mayan Response Needed].
  • Arawak Empire: After the battle of Alaquoia is won, the trading post now known as Idol'Alaquoia is heavily fortified with guns and a substantial garrison of Arawakan troops, and expanded upon, turning it into a small regional hub. Wanting to rid Alaquoia of Ayiti influence, Qhel’Ish’Neesym sends a contingent of ten ships to force the Ayiti out of any remaining trading posts on the continent. (MOD RESPONSE) We promise any trading posts that surrender will be allowed to continue their operations under the authority of the Arawak Empire, and any Ayiti who wish will be granted safe passage to their homeland. After the Ayiti trading posts are dealt with, the ships will continue to explore the coast of Alaquoia, scouting a location for a second colony. This allows Arawakan presence starts to become more embedded in the region with several trading posts popping up along the coast. Gifts are delivered to local leaders on the orders of emperor Qhel’Ish’Neesym, who also works to set up trade agreements, effectively offering to take over the contracts the Ayiti made during their breif period of preeminence in the region. Qhel’Ish’Neesym also goes as far to suggest alliances with local tribes, pointing to trade and defense against Ayiti incursion as common goals (MOD RESPONSE). In order to appeal to the locals, the empire promises to pay them for use of the land Idol'Alaquoia rests on, as well as unfettered accesses to its trade markets. With the footprint of his empire rapidly expanding, Qhel’Ish’Neesym continues to modernize his navy. These efforts are helped by the recent conquest of Kalingo, who had advanced shipbuilding techniques before the conquest, and maintain that tradition afterward. Without any immediate threats on land, most of the empire's military might is put behind ship building, and the fleet soon swells to replace the lost ships last year. Knowing the empire will have to be projected wide, many of the new ships are Carracks. The young Emperor continues to improve the links the seven major cities in Arawak (The capital of each Qheldar, as well as the capital city itself) together. Together, these cities account for roughly two of the eight million people who live under Arawak rule, and while roads already exist, they begin to be vastly improved. In addition to providing easy transport across his vast dominion, Qhel’Ish’Neesym plans for the roads to be used for easy military transport, and as such forts are built roughly every 30 miles along them. As another project, the deeply religious Emperor begin to further spread the religion of Qeht’idol, primarily by making ceremonies a larger part of government and public business, and by funding major temples in most Arawak settlements. Hoping to expand the cultural footprint of his realm, Qhel’Ish’Neesym sends Qeht’idol missionaries to nearby nations, especially Kalinago and Palicur.
    • Update: after the capture of the Ayiti trading posts, the one near OTL cape coast, now called Aurualla, is lightly fortified with guns and a modest garrison. Both Aurualla and Idol'Alaquoia are ready to contact the exploring ships to help defend them should the need arise. Any other former Ayiti trading posts continue operations under the authority of the Arawak empire.
  • Grand Ogiamate of Powhatan: The negotiation offered by Roanoke is fully accepted by the Ogima. Larger infrastructure projects are constructed along the North Landing River in coordination with the Oskan League, creating a direct waterway network from Virginia to the Chesapeake. All military from the Sicoke region are decomissioned, and are mostly sent north in the war against the Susquehana or to build up defenses along the Potomac River. A new city is constructed at Foggy Bottom, just southwest from Mattawoman, being a hub of overland trade in the region. A new arsenal and major port is built up at the recently-conquered territory in Rappahannok (Baltimore), defended by a reinforced fort at Patapsco (Federal Hill). War is continued against the Susquehana, as an additional 15,000 troops are sent to reinforce the remaining troops occupying the regions as far as OTL MD-PA border. These people work to build up a strong defense at the Old Line, but if the Susquehana do not attempt to retake the region the military sends a decisive strike north in support of the Delawares from the south. At the university of Mattawoman, humanist philosophy takes hold over most other branches of theology, the most prominent of which is the philosopher Necotowance. Necotowance writes extensively on the merits of government and practices of law, and the necessity for the various feudal states in Algonqueia to be at peace. He illustrates his points in a book titled Utopia, framed as a dialogue between himself, a Delaware diplomat, and a traveler named Hythawaddy. Hythawaddy described how he journeyed to the far east on a voyage with Yaroke, but was marooned on an island in the north sea. When he eventually found his way to mainland Europe, he stumbled across a vast civilization called the Island of Utopia. Apparently descended from a group of Cahokia military many centuries ago, the Utopians lived in a prosperous society without any money or gold, and consider such things very foolish to prize. Meanwhile, the colony of New Powhatan sees major expansion, settling a new city of New Mattawoman (OTL Winchester). Sheep are majorly exported from the colonies back to the homeland. Artillery and ship construction continues to advance, at last inventing a new form of mortar known as the Great Bombard. Wahusunocock offers his daughter in marriage to the ruler of Delaware.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: A group of Taino envoys and merchants arrive in the Ogiamate. They claim to have been sent by the new king of Ayiti, Aucamar I. They propose an agreement between the two nations for mutual benefit in maritime affairs, offering Powhatan access to the Macanike gold and slave trade in exchange for technological, financial, and naval cooperation with Ayiti.
    • Powhatan Dip: The envoys are welcomed in the court of Wahusunocock. The Ogima and council of Wereocmas graciously accept this deal, and begin to send intelligentsia and financial support back to Ayiti. 
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Following the bloody naval battles off Macanike in which a number of ships on either side are sunk and many sailors are wounded or killed, Ayiti begins rebuilding its naval capacity under the direction of a new king, Aucamar. Aucamar converts the cities of the Guanabo Bay into shipbuilding centers, most notably Xaragua (OTL Port-au-Prince), where improved shipyards are installed. He also secures a beneficial agreement with Powhatan, promising them a stake in the profits of the Macanike trade in exchange for close technological, financial, and naval cooperation. Upon comparing the Powhatan and Ayitian navies, it was discovered that while both nations' ship designs are equally as advanced, the Powhatan method of production is more efficient. With the help of Powhatan advisors, further improvements to ship production are able to be implemented across the island, with the aim of doubling production in the coming years. Next, in order to dislodge the Arawakans from their fraudulent claims to Macanike, Aucamar begins employing pirates and privateers to further weaken their limping navy and rob cargo and supply shipments heading to or from Cacimare, discouraging settlement at any point along the coast. In particular, Aucamar goes to the Island Caribs, the notorious enemies of the Arawaks, known for their ruthlessness at sea. The plan is twofold: to redirect piratical activities to the New World -- where the potential for plundering gold-bearing vessels is high - thus hurting the Arawak economy and at the same time safeguarding Taino coasts from Carib raids. Contracts are offered to over a dozen captains, and Kalinago separatists across the Lesser Antilles are contacted secretly with plans to organize a general revolt against imperial rule (MOD RESPONSE).
    • Arawak diplomacy: Angered by the Ayiti's petty attempts to save face after their embarrassing loss, Qhel’Ish’Neesym begins his retaliation. He orders ships coming to and from Alaquoia to travel in conveys guarded by the Arawak navy in order to discourage privateer. In addition, the Emperor begins to commission privateers of his own to harass Ayiti ports. Not only are these privateers instructed to disrupt generally disrupt the vulnerable trade routes to the island, but they are given special bounties for successfully attacking ship-building centers. They are also told map the Empire aware of any Ayiti ships headed to Alaquoia, preempting further surprises. To pre-emept any similar Ayiti actions, Qhel’Ish’Neesym orders Arawakan ship building to be consolidated as much as possible, and installs heavier defenses in places where ships are built.
    • Ayitian Response: The king musters two fleets to root out piracy around Ayiti. The Ayitian navy's presence alone is usually enough to deter any pirates from coming within miles of the island's shore, but the suicidal audacity of these men is a testament to the persistence of the Arawaks. Still, lone privateers are outgunned in these waters, with the bulk of the Ayitian navy being so close at hand. Additionally, Aucamar introduces a national defense system: a network of fortresses placed at strategic locations across the island. The forts will be spaced apart so that every major coastal settlement is within a short distance of a safe refuge. Since every province has been threatened by raiders in the past, they each contribute a portion of their resources to the construction of these forts, allowing them to be built with remarkable speed and efficiency.
  • Beothuk: This year the northern expedition lands in OTL Sweden in an area we name Vinland (OTL Stockholm). As this is most likely going to be our biggest colony, a fort is started being built and the Vinlandish cavalry regiment is created there. To rule over this privince the king appoints his brother as the governor of Vinland and begins the construction of a palace in the city of VinHolm.
  • Tongva: The Great Interregnum (1488-1510) eventually came to a close, after over two decades of internal strife, and one-half dozen claimants or elected individuals vying for the imperial throne. The emperor would be Momsam of Nisenan, who was crowned following the death of the last unofficial rulers of the empire. The chaos of the interregnum had led to conflict across the empire, with feuding and violence among lesser lords becoming increasingly common. Likely the threat of a Shoshone invasion finally confined some sense of unity upon the fragmented states of the north, while elsewhere a trend of disconnectedness continued. The state of Tongva, whose claim to fame had been the ruler Alijivit, a brief contender for the imperial throne, largely fell from the spotlight after his death (in 1508), with Alijivit’s son Tomasajaquichi ascending to the throne of the region. He would continue his father’s policy of controlling trade across the Ngáchishtemal, as early in his reign he would launch a war against the Payómkawichum, in what would become known as the First Pál War (1512-1518). The instability of the region had led to the rise of dozens of lesser warlords, merchant bands, and smugglers, commanding armies that remained after the fall of Humwichawa. Known as Pàlocrats, these lords often fought amongst themselves, fighting for control over the sparse resources of the region. In particular water was considered the most valuable commodity in the desert, with communities clinging to small lakes and rivers. The cities of Tongva benefited greatly from the state of affairs, as the individual groups were expected to pay high tariffs while traveling into the empire. Additionally, Tongva gained a reputation as a region of a thousand gods, as the region’s rulers welcomed its multicultural population, and placed a great collection of idols and temples in the region. Fearing divine wrath, those in Tongva acted considerably more civilly than in the desert, and the region became famous for its safety and neutrality in regards to trading. By the time of Tomasajaquichi’s ascension, the region produced a substantial portion of its income from holy pilgrimages and the selling of relics, its high tariffs to traders, and from spending and gifts from dignitaries, who desired a safe meeting place in the south. To the east, ʔívil̃uqaletem remained less tame, as the region descended into dozens of petty lords, both of native and northerner descent. Northwest of the great Pal Heluwut (Cahuilla Lake), where the lands of Humwichawa ended, sat Tongva’s only rival in religious matters; Hatauva, or The Eye of God. Considered one of the holiest sites of the south, the enormous quartz dome and temple complex was said to be the eye of the Taaqtam creator Kruktat. As the shrine was literally in the gaze of a deity, the temple was exceptionally peaceful and influential as well, with a trade city emerging outside the boundaries of the temple. North of Hatauva was The Hub (OTL Barstow), which was one of the epicenters of the Pàlocrats and the merchants of the south, controlling an important crossroads of the empire. A common route would take a longwalker from Shuhthagi Ki:him to Pal Heluwut to Hatauva to The Hub, which were approximately equidistant from each other, and either northwest to the fertile imperial valley, northeast to bustling Grand Canyon metropolis, or southwest back to Tongva. Tomasajaquichi’s war would be conceived in order to preserve Tongva’s importance along these routes, as to the Payómkawichum had rode Tongva’s coattails during the time of prosperity, and had grown as an alternative to Tongvan cities along the southern coast. Initially Tomasajaquichi overwhelmed the southerners, seizing the capital at Mixéelum Pompáwvo (OTL Escondido) after a year. This would spark alarm in other southern states, such as the Kumeyaay, who was Tongva’s other coastal rival. South of Kumeyaay, the Cochimí were split on the matter, depending on which neighbor was locally prefered, leading to conflict in that region. During the next three years, the First Pál War focused primarily on the southern peninsula (Baja), which would be unique compared to later Pál Wars, with the Tongvans campaigning far to the south from their homeland. After four years (early 1516), the Kingdom of the Delta joined the war against Tongva, collapsing Tongva’s ally, the Taaqtam-ʔívil̃uqaletem puppet regime. It would not be until the Treaty of Tái (Palomar Mountain) that the war concluded. The annexation of Payómkawichum by Tongva would be confirmed, but at great cost to the nation, while its eastern connections were damaged. Almost immediately after the treaty, a smaller proxy war began in the east, over who would come to dominate the northern connection to The Hub, with the Kingdom of the Delta securing numerous vassals in Humwichawa. Tongva would prioritize the middle route to the Kwtsaan lands along the Aha Kwahwat, which terminated at the city of Ku'npa'sa (Blythe).
  • Nitasina (Innu): The two brothers have been united after many years, but the third lay in Inuit hands. However, now is not the time to strike. The bear must hibernate to get ready for the next season. Nitasina and the eastern Cree are merged into one political entity due to their shared culture and language. 1515 through 1520 sees economic growth all throughout Nitasina, especially with resources traded from the colony in Tshissekauassi (Cornwall trading post). Tshissekauassi continues to grow rapidly, as a gateway to Tshishtashkamik (the new world). Therefore, the colony in Tshissekauassi (Cornwall) is expanded to make a more functioning port with its own food supply. A royal marriage with Atikamekw is requested, which would produce an heir to both thrones, as they have been historical allies of the Innu against the Inuits (from Wikipedia, "[the Atikamekw] have close traditional ties with the Innu people, who were their historical allies against the Inuit"), share a language (calling their lands Nitaskinan, derived from the same word for Nitassinan), and a similar culture (Mod Response Requested). Notiskuan (Anticosti), Takuaikan-Utenau (Havre-Saint-Pierre), and Pessamu (Pessamit) continue to grow as large cities, and the new connection to Ushuinipek (Hudson Bay) helps with trade to the nations on the inner part of Canada, especially the Swamp Cree. Ushuinipek-Utenau (OTL Long Island, Baffin) also grows, as well as the former eastern Cree capital, Sakami. Infrastructure in all of the regions are improved, especially to the west, connecting the coastal east to the cities on the bay in the west.
    • Nitasina OOC: Nitasina and Innu are the proper nation name and demonym respectively, because the Cree called themselves the Iyiyiw (the name Cree is only used when speaking English or French, and Iyiyiw is derived from the same word Innu is), and called their land Nitassinan, what the name Nitasina is derived from.
  • Plains Cree Confederacy: To better respond to external threats, Cree Constabulary is reorganized, with types of three military divisions being established: a squad (consisting of ten members), a century (consisting of a hundred members), and finally, a cohort (consisting of a thousand members, and led a Chief of War). Military equipment is standardized, with a lancers' main armament consisting of a lance, a rapier, and lamellar armor. Meanwhile, horse-archers wield two types of bow (one for mounted use, the other for dismounted use), a saber, and merely-ceremonial brigandine armor. The Board of Finance is given the sole role of producing military arms, hiring urban artisans and craftsmen to supervise production. In addition, military roles are split between lancers and horse-archers in a 2:3 ratio. The Board of Finance also begins to mint coinage (from copper), whereas prior Sioux or Cahokian coinage was used. However, this is limited to the Three Cities due to limited production, while barter trade is prevalent in rural areas. Meanwhile, the "three sisters" system of inter-cropping becomes effectively obsolete. Instead, many villagers adopt a system of crop rotation in three cycles, with the first third of the circle being planted with maize, the second with beans (with wooden poles as treillage), and the last either being fallow or planted with clover. Squashes, while remaining a staple, are grown in personal gardens rather than in the fields. While each household owns their own farm and their own livestock (whereas prior they have a communal garden and pen), the village still treats agriculture and sheep husbandry as a joint enterprise. Instead of feeding on pasturelands (with the accompaniment of shepherds) and only being herded into pens during the night, villagers begin to allocate common land to enclosures and barns, while also bringing fodder crops and excess grain as livestock feed. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. The construction of secular or non-defensive brick or stone buildings – instead of traditional timber, within the Three Cities region continues. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.
  • Thule Empire: King Tulugaak dies of old age, and his son, Kumaglak, takes the throne. He continues to lead the Thule to prosperity. Kumaglak invites King Beuthuk of Beothuk and Ogima Wahunsunacock of Powhatan, his two allies, to the funeral of his father. (BEOTHUK AND POWHATAN RESPONE NEEDED) The colony of New Nunavut expands to cover OTL Kintyre and the Islands and Mid Argyll. Meanwhile, a settlement in OTL Plymouth is founded, called Marlukuuk (meaning "two rivers" in Thule, referencing the settlement's geographic location) in an attempt to prevent Innu expansion into England. (The colony itself is called Tanuunmik, meaning "land of the Dumnonii".) In Marlukuuk, a fence is built around the settlement and a fort is created. In the Hebrides, upon exploration, sapphire deposits are discovered and subsequently mined. This newfound resource becomes an important asset to Thule trade. Meanwhile, closer to home, taxes on the Naskapi are lessened. King Kumaglak proposes to marry King Beuthuk's sister, Marylei. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Lenapehoking: Due to the sudden declaration of war from the Iroquois, the nation focuses its army on defending the homeland, and repulsing the Iroquois back to the north. It is requested that the Powhatan mostly focus on holding Susquehanna and the west, while the nation moves its forces northward. An army of 14,000 foot soldiers, 6,000 pikemen, 4,000 horsemen, and 50 artillery pieces marches into the region. They focus on creating a defensive position along the northern and northwestern border. In the east a proper colony is established on the southern cape [of Iberia], which is named Ganschapuchk after the “Great Rock” that is present nearby. A fortified settlement is established, which is garrisoned with 400 settlers and 200 soldiers within a year of its inception. From Ganschapuchk an expedition is launched which heads in the east, which confirms the land that the colony is on to be separate from the southern land. This expedition continues up the northern coast before returning. The Ganschapuchk colony is placed under the administration of the Gegeyjumhet of Iberes and Lusitanians, while the colony of the islands [Azores and Canary Islands] is administered separately. In the southern islands several other islands are colonized [eastern one-half], while multiple trade posts are created along the nearby coast [Agadir, El Aaiun, Ad Dakhla].
  • Guarani Empire: By 1515 the admnistrative and educational reforms of the Emperor, started 15 years ago, would have been completed and now be in the late stages of implementation. In 1515 the Great Mburuvicha Arandikatu would decide to launch his second military expedition, now against the Tupiniquim Nation to the east. A large army of 40,000 men would be assembled, composed of 3,000 Hatãvape Heavy Cavalry, 7,000 Apakandu Medium-Light Cavalry, 30,000 Infantry and 45 cannons and would depart in early 1516. Two-thirds of the Guarani Army, led by Arandikatu, would be sent first from the south following the flatter coastline while the other one-third, led by his son and heir, would be sent from the west through the hills, with both later converging on the Tupiniquim capital. The expedition would have an even wider utilization of the gunpowder weapons, seeing the development and usage of early volley fire techniques and the stronger employment of artillery bombardment in both field battles and sieges. 1518 would see the graduation of the first generation of students from the Imperial House of Knowledge, the graduate law students would be quickly integrated in the new class of learned bureaucrats, filling the highest admnistrative positions in the realm. This would lead to an exponential growth in the governing efficiency of the realm and the solidification of the imperial reforms.

1520-1525

The Lipan nation of OTL southern Texas embraces the Aztec faith under the guidance of a chief named Casimiro, and under his leadership launches a successful conquest of the surrounding region in the name of Huītzilōpōchtli. Despite local variants and differences, the majority of the continent from the Cree to the Great Plains to the Algonquin Eastern Coast follows the Manitouism faith, centered around the church of Cahokia. In response to the spread of the Aztec faith across the OTL Rio Grande, Grand Midewinini Nishkû'ntu VI calls for a crusade against the region. Likewise, Casimiro requests the aid of the Aztec Empire in protecting the faith.

In the Caribbean, two merchant kingdoms emerge in the lands independent of the Boriken and the Arawak Empire. In the north (OTL Guadeloupe) the nation of Karukera emerges, while in the south (OTL Dominica) the nation of Wai'tukubuli emerges. Both nations prove to be masters of the sea, having inherited the navies and skills of the former Caribbean empires, highly rich from trade, and bitter adversaries. Despite being located next to each other, both set out to create empires, and they conquer, purchase, or subdue numerous minor islands throughout the sea, as well as many mainland trade posts. Wai'tukubuli finds an ally in the nation of Muisca, while Karukera allies with the nation of Palicur, as well as several nations on Cobao (Cuba).

As a result of general maritime conflict between Arawak and Ayuti, as well as the rapidly-rising naval powers in the Lesser Antilles, a general increase of piracy emerges across the Atlantic Ocean. Many mercenary or privately-owned ships begin to be offered to the highest bidder as privateers.

The nation of Denkyira in Africa launches an attack against the Arawak settlement at Alaquoia, sacking the colony, although with heavy losses Elsewhere, the nation of Bonoman accepts an alliance with the Arawak, sending traders to their settlement at Aurualla. Both nations seek out weapons and other western goods. The region becomes a hotbed of pirate activity, with Aurualla being raided by hostile ships directly on one occasion.

After the death of King Tulugaak of the Thule Empire, the long-standing personal union of its constituent kingdoms comes into question. The Kingdom of Dorset, consisting of the Labrador Coast and one-half of Baffin Island, nominally falls under the succession of Nanouk, a first cousin of the new monarch Kumaglak. The Dorset had originally colonized Greenland and Iceland centuries ago, before being absorbed in personal union with Thule. Although there is no active revolt against Kumaglak, support for the succession of Nanouk is strong.

The easternmost Beothuk colony in the east (at Stockholm), which is particularly isolated from the rest of the westerners’ colonies, is attacked and razed by the native Swedes of the region.

The Egyptian Empire expands across the Sinai Peninsula, and largely expands their influence of trade and culture via caravan routes into the Arabian desert, as has been the case periodically across the long history of Egypt.

Surrounded by western powers on all sides, the Cornwall region is united under the leadership of Chief Veffyne, who launches a series of attacks on the Innu settlement of Tshissekauassi, the Powhatan settlement of Werowocomoco, and the Thule settlement of Marlukuuk, heavily damaging the first two and razing the third.

The Iroquois and Lenni Lenape meet at the Battle of Esopus, resulting in a Lenape victory. The Iroquois suffer 5,430 casualties, while the Lenape suffer 3,990 casualties. At the Battle of Kanastoge, in which the Iroquois and Susquehanna attack the nation of Powhatan, the result is a narrow Powhatan victory, with the Powhatan suffering 5,980 casualties, the Iroquois suffering 4,870 casualties, and the Susquehanna suffering 4,440 casualties.

The invasion of Tupiniquim by the Guarani Empire results in a decisive victory for the Guarani, with the attackers suffer 8,900 casualties, and the defenders suffering 15,430 casualties.

The marriage offer proposed by the Innu is accepted by the Atikamekw.

  • Plains Cree Confederation: A diplomatic mission is sent to the Swampy Cree to the east, and to the Woodlands Cree to the north, requesting that the three Cree polities unite into a single entity – citing shared cultural heritage and economic interests, while also promising that incorporation into the Confederation will secure their independence from foreign incursions. The capital regions of both will also acquire the right to collect tribute from surrounding regions, in recognition of their equal status to the Three Cities. The Board of Finance begins to dominate ferrous metallurgy and the production of arms, though private production still occurs. While producing melee weapons such as polearms and swords, as well as arrows and lamellar armor; it does not produce reflex bows or brigandine armor, which require a higher degree of technical skill generally limited to craftsmen and artisans. Instead, contracts are given to private workshops to produce them. In addition, foundries/arsenals also continue their limited production of gunpowder weapons, principally the arquebus and small cannons. However, they are still not used in the military due to the inability of the arquebus to be used on horseback and for the cannon to be transported swiftly (even with the limber). Noticing a critical lack in infantry units within the Cree Constabulary, all members are given instruction in infantry combat and will be ordered to dismount in unfavorable terrain – thus becoming mounted infantry while still retaining the advantage of heightened mobility. The educational curriculum is standardized, being comprised of moral education, mathematics (arithmetic and algebra; geometry is taught to civil servants only), literature (poetry and history); as well as military and physical training for prospective military servicemen/servicewomen, and legal education, rituals, and astronomy for prospective civil servants. While the schools admit all individuals regardless of class, it is largely restricted to the upper echelons of society due to the rural agrarian nature of Cree society as well as the urban working class opting to teach their children their respective craft. With the abundance of pulpwood and the maturation of the printing industry, paper replaces parchment as the predominant medium of writing. However, parchment continues to be popular for aesthetic purposes and as a signifier of wealth. Increased literacy results in the proliferation of literary arts – particularly in religious poetry, or poetry commemorating natural sites. Paper also becomes a medium for change, with many Cree refusing to be subjugated under the Church of Cahokia – despite it being seen as a model for "progress". This results in a sudden rise in heterodox cults and changes to old ones, with the rejection of Cahokian rites and practices, and the sudden re-decentralization of the Cree faith. Only three basic tenets continue to be universally upheld – such as the existence of the Great Spirit – the Creator, the concept of manitou (or "life-force"), and the flood myth which is believed to have resulted to the world's present state). Aside from this, the various myths and deities and their canonicity remain highly variable, with the worship of these cults being secured as valid by the Board of Rites. Due to the wealth inequalities and the sudden cultural changes brought by the shift to mixed agriculture and increased connectivity between each village, and between the villages and the Three Cities (bringing forth the exchange of new ideas), many of these heterodox cults begin to stress the need for virtuous conduct and charity over rituals. They also begin to emphasize rituals as ways to communicate or surround oneself with the divine, rather than ensuring a certain outcome or a desire. In addition to these, they also include two concepts – the notion of an increasingly imminent "end times", universality. Many of these heterodox cults begin to emphasize three concepts – the increasingly imminent "end times", universality, and virtuous conduct and charity as opposed to an overreliance on rituals. However, the foremost and most important change is the incorporation of mystic qualities. These heterodox cults, for example, stress the dichotomy between "good" spiritual realm and the "evil" material realm; with self-contemplation and direct spiritual experience (through personal revelations or visions) as a way to reconcile one's self to the divine – specifically seek union with the Great Spirit. Another less accepted and radical notion is that all human beings are bad, with all good done under the "guidance" of the Great Spirit rather than under individual will. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. The construction of secular or non-defensive brick or stone buildings – instead of traditional timber, within the Three Cities region, continues. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.
    • Innu (Nitasina) Diplomacy: An alliance is offered to the Plains Cree, citing the Thule attempt to integrate Siglit and the Thule openly calling their "common enemy, namely the Cree,".
  • Aztec Empire: When the priests in Tenochtitlan hear from the recent adaptation of their faith by a people to the north, they rush this message to the emperor. He sends a letter to Cazimillo, the chief of the Lipan, stating that the Aztecs welcome his nation in an alliance, yet he requests them to not involve faith within their next wars and stay neutral in campaigns that the Aztecs are not involved in (MOD RESPONSE). The recent spelling reforms proof to be effective, as now the communication becomes more precise. The local Tlatoque (lords) are put under the "Law of Approval", which means that they have the option to pay lower to no tributes in exchange for becoming the direct representatives of the Hueyi Tlatoani in Tenochtitlan, every local law has to be approved by the central authorities in the capital. Similarly, the cities around lake Texcoco arent led by a personal union of the emperor anymore, but by local city leaders that are appointed by the emperor. Trade with the MIskito, Tzintzuntzan and Maya continues, with gold, chili peppers, agricultural products and jewelry as the most valued goods. The Aztec jewelry is one of the most refined and known and valued all over the northern continent. The Cuatemocists are mostly left alone in order to give them no reason to rebel, additionally their teachings are heavily discouraged in the temples, with preachings and canonized books that express the importance of of sacrifice and believing in the gods in unity and entirety, accepting the gods leadership. This is a rather explicit mention of radical reformism, who refuse to be part of the unified religion. The contact with the natives on Tlaloctetl (OTL Britanny) continues, both locals and the new settlers begin to learn each others language, though it is rather difficult for both factions. The colony of Tlaloctetl is now supported with more settlers, around 300, to support the colony. The settlers take notice of local customs and food, most notable beer and cheese. The first is promptly called "Xocolatl", bitterwater yet enjoys popularity among both settlers and locals. The latter one has, due to the wide spread lactose intolerance, caused minor trouble when Aztecs claimed that they were served rotten food. When the request to become an Aztec tribute is proposed to various local lords, none of them know the concept in the Aztec definition. They are proposed to be under the emperor in the Aztec capital, yet having all freedoms they had before except a minor tax for being under Aztec protection (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Construction continues on the network of coastal forts started by King Aucamar a few years ago. With wealth and resources pooled together from the contributions of coastal provinces, more than one-half the island is now protected. This "defense system" has the effect of making trade and movement across the island safer, allowing native and foreign merchants alike to rely on Ayiti as a shipping and transit hub. The Windward Passage grows to become the primary route for ships traveling north or south between the continents. The strait is heavily guarded by the Ayitian royal fleet. Aucamar augments these defenses by fortifying the Ayitian side with a sea wall at Xaragua. Further upgrades are made to the shipyards of Xaragua and the Guanabo Bay, but the demands for new ships begin to take a toll on the limited resources of the island. To supply the nation with timber and shipbuilding materials, Aucamar sends merchants to the Shingu River (OTL Amazon) to trade for high-quality wood of the rainforest. During a meeting of two merchant parties on Marajo Island, Arawakan pirates suddenly appear on the coast and commence an attack on the Marajoara. The Ayitian merchants are expelled from the island for bringing bad luck on its civilization. Hearing news of this, Aucamar realizes he must search elsewhere for the resources he needs. The king sends envoys to speak with Ayiti's contacts in the Thule Empire about acquiring a regular supply of hardwood from the north. Trade with the north has the benefit of bypassing any interference from the Arawakans, although the vast distance between Thule and Ayiti will surely mean that Ayiti can import only limited quantities of wood. One of the king's advisors suggests the region of Bannaba (Panama) as a possible source of both timber and rope fibers, as it is a forested place, and the husk of a brown fruit that grows there (coconut) is known for its use in traditional shipbuilding methods. Because the people of Bannaba are isolated, Ayitian merchants go to their sovereign, the lord of the Miskito Coast. The deal is successful, and soon trade relations are firmly established with the Miskito Kingdom, bringing in a supply of timber and coir and opening up trade routes to the mighty Inca Empire. Next, Aucamar resolves to make good on his promise to foreign investors by launching two expeditions to the New World. For the first expedition, he recruits Áhari Fararinno, a young explorer already esteemed for his skill in navigating the Guaraguao Archipelago. With his fleet of four ships (including the flagship Yaquimo), Áhari charts much of the coast of Western Europe, including Portugal, Galicia, Brittany, Cornwall, Wales, and Ireland. He also visits Greenland and the Thule Empire, taking a novel route back to Ayiti down the coast of North America. This feat, although quite easy to accomplish due to favorable wind currents, gains young Áhari immense popularity in his home country, as he had completed a circumnavigation of the North Atlantic Ocean. The second expedition, led by Ilumani Muritaro, attempts to follow the route taken by Áhari Fararinno, but runs into a storm nearing the Guaraguao Islands. Deciding that a discovery is no good if no one returns to tell of it, Muritaro turns his fleet around to escape from the approaching storm. For five days, the storm pursues Muritaro's fleet into open water. On the sixth day, the gale catches up with him and engulfs the fleet. High winds and waves batter the ships and drive them southward. Muritaro takes shelter with his men on a desert island. After the storm dissipates, he realizes he has found an uncharted archipelago that has somehow eluded explorers thus far (the Cape Verde archipelago). Further exploration reveals that the islands are in close proximity to the continent of Cacimare. They are named the “Islands of Muritaro” after their discoverer. Shortly after this discovery, a group of colonists and their families settle on the largest island of Nacaserra, founding a village called Ama'zi.
    • Thule Dip: King Kumaglak agrees.
  • Miskito: The Miskitan people start the preparation for the Journey. In 1421, King Bolanos II starts to develop the same fever as his father so he aslo orders the Bolanos University to try to discover a cure [Mod Response Needed].
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Merchants from the island of Ayiti arrive on the Miskito Coast and request to speak to the king about a trade agreement. In particular, they are looking for wood and naval supplies, as well as commodities such as cotton, wool, and silver that originate in the Inca Empire. Believing the Miskito Kingdom to be located at a crossroads between the Mexica and Maya of the north and the Inca of the south, and thus in command of all trade passing along these routes, the merchants are very eager to make a deal. For their part, the Ayitians are trading copper, gold, pottery, spices, tobacco, fruits and grain crops.
    • King Bolanos accepts their offer gracefully.
  • Assyrian Empire: The Assyrian people complete their harvest work throughout the kingdom, and celebrate their work in the presence of the king. Gifts are exchanged among the people, and King Elihu gives his annual speech on the state of the kingdom and the progression of his public works to his subjects. The expansion of Nineveh is completed, now accommodating more than 100,000 residents, many of them internal migrants from other parts of the kingdom. The expansion of other major cities such as Nimrud, Assur, Mari, and Ankawa takes place as their local populations increase in the wake of the year's bountiful harvest. Gifts of slaves, gold, exotic fruits and animals are sent to Babylon by Elihu to his grandfather in the city, reaffirming the diplomatic ties between the two cities. Queen Thirza gives birth to three additional children, a boy named Aharon in 1521, another boy in 1522 named Amiram, and a girl named Akkuba in 1524, all of whom are baptized in Nineveh as Christians and given a thorough education by the city's scholars and astronomers. The road network linking the cities of Assyria are expanded, connecting the city of Dur-Sharrukin to Nineveh and Nimrud, and a second road leading all the south to the great city of Kar-Shumash leading farther south to Babylon. In preparation for the years tax levies, King Elihu demands that a list of the major cities be given to him for future use to his kingdom. The list of the twenty-two major cities is as follows: Nineveh, Nimrud, Assur, Dur-Sharrukin, Ankawa, Ekallatti, Turshan, Arrapha, Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta, Kar-Ishtar, Lubdu, Tagritianu, Surmarrati, Kar-Shumash, Me-Turnat, Anat, Idu, Hindanu, Mari, Terqa, and Dur-Katlimmu. In line with the military reforms of the king, all are required to maintain a standardized military garrison of five hundred soldiers, providing the kingdom with a standing army of 11,000 soldiers. Following each harvest season, the king is informed that Assyria is capable of mustering approximately of 75,000 able-bodied men for war, a number already included the 11,000 professional soldiers of the state. With this information in hand, Elihu determines to put his reforms to use, and declares war on the Mitanni. Still reeling from their invasion of his kingdom, Elihu resolves to punish the Mitanni for their transgressions, seeking to remove their king and incorporate their lands into Assyria. 50,000 men are mobilized for war, while the other 25,000 are stationed in the kingdom to defend it while Elihu departs for his campaign from the city of Dur-Katlimmu. King Elihu's army besieges and sacks the city of Shadikanni before moving farther north into Mitanni territory, and besieges the Mitanni capital of Washukanni. He sends his cavalry out to harass the Mitanni forces and to kill any men capable to harming his forces, before constructing a circumvallation around Washukanni, trapping the inhabitants inside of the while, and a contravallation around his army to protect them from enemy forces attempting to break the siege. 30,000 soldiers are devoted to the siege of the city, while the other twenty thousand are instructed to destroy any Mitanni relief force in the region should scouts discover and report back on such an army in the region. While the war is underway in Mitanni, Queen Mother Mariam organizes the construction work back home, managing the business of running Assyria while her son is away fighting. She patronizes the arts and sciences of the scholars, who entertain the people with their knowledge of the stars and greater mysteries. One such individual stuns many with his knowledge of alchemy, using different metals and chemicals to give fire a wide range of colors during the night outside of the city walls near the river. Such is this man's knowledge of fire, that he is commissioned by the Queen Mother to give the lamps of the royal palace different colors during special events and times of the year.
  • Grand Ogiamate of Powhatan:  The large building projects of canals and bridges along the Chesapeake bay and North Landing River continues. The cities of Mattawoman and Foggy Bottom greatly expand their lumber industries as well as overland trade across from Virginia to the Appalachians. A new banking system is established, utilizing the old banks in the Chesapeake republic and expanded across the whole of the nation. Foggy Bottom also shows large works of art and architecture being constructed, focusing on gradious monuments in marble as well as elaborate gardens. The works of Necotowance quickly becomes well-known, and considered a general blueprint for internal and external diplomacy from humanist philosophy. Due to the oligarchic influence of the literati over the government, the new shift to humanism carries signifcant weight. The navy continues to be greatly expanded, focusing on more ocean-going caravels. Some of these are loaned to the Kingdom of Ayuti, in exchange for investments in their future prospects in the African continent. Rappahanock becomes the second-largest port of the nation rapidly. With the recent victories against the Susquehana, Powhatan establishes their north border at the Conestoga River. This fortification comes with an offer of peace deal between Susquehana and Delaware to draw new settlement for the region [MOD RESPONSE]. In the far west, the Galicia colony greatly expands to claim the lands of northern Iberia, allying with the local Basque people to expulse Lustitanian hegmony. Further explorations are sent along the northern coast of Europe, setting up trading posts in the flooded lowlands. One explorer discovers a large river running from the eastern coast of Britain, and charts it as far as the settlements of New Mattawoman. An invasion force of 1,200 troops are sent to land in New Powhatan, launching a war against the local Cornwall people and claiming the territory for the Ogiamate, pushing out the other claims in the region. Local colonists in New Powhatan are more frequently armed with matchlocks, specifically made for accuracy due to the need of hunting local wildlife. (more to come)
    • Secret Thule Dip: Kumaglak asks Powhatan to send their forces to aid them against Nitasina.
  • Nitasina (Innu): Then it is time. The bear must awaken early from its slumber to defend itself. The Atikamekw acceptance of the marriage proposal is met with much celebration. With Nipi Atshak reaching the age of 41 in 1520, his son Mashku, referred to as Mashku I, is married to the daughter of the Atikamekw king, who is expected to produce an heir to both kingdoms in the coming years. Secret: Nanouk is offered support against Kumaglak if he cedes Naskapi to Nitasina. If accepted, 10,000 men are sent to help Nanouk defend northern Quebec and other territories. If rejected, Kumaglak is offered support against Nanouk if he cedes Naskapi to Nitasina whenever possible. If both are rejected or Kumaglak accepts support, an invasion against Nanouk commences, consisting of a 14,000 strong army (including eastern Cree soldiers) to liberate Naskapi. End Secret. Due to increased Thule aggression and a second northern war seeming imminent, 10,000 men are called on to come into the reserves, ready to serve in a day's notice, while 6,000 stay active. Infrastructure is increased, especially to the northern border with the Thule to help mobilize troops just in case, although this also helps civilian trade and commerce. The navy is also increased to a size of 150 ships, including some gunboats, with 50 of which patrol the coast to watch for an impending invasion. Nitasina warns Mi'kmaq and Powhatan that if they join the coalition against Nitasina, their ships will no longer have access to the St. Lawrence River. Maliseet, the Algonquin tribe, the Moose Cree, and Atikamekw are offered an alliance, citing their long relationship with the Innu (from Wikipedia, "The Innu were historically allied with neighboring Atikamekw, Maliseet and Algonquin against their enemies,...", and in the case of the Moose cree, a similar ethnicity) (Mod Response Needed). Secret: Naskapi insurgents are supplied with weapons, and pro-Innu Naskapi are told to enlist in the Thule army, only to rebel once fighting occurs. End Secret. Notiskuan (Anticosti), Takuaikan-Utenau (Havre-Saint-Pierre), and Pessamu (Pessamit) continue to grow as large cities, and the new connection to Ushuinipek (Hudson Bay) helps with trade to the nations on the inner part of Canada, especially the Swamp Cree. Ushuinipek-Utenau (OTL Long Island, Baffin) also grows, as well as the former eastern Cree capital, Sakami. An alliance is offered to the Plains Cree, citing the Thule attempt to integrate Siglit and the Thule openly calling their "common enemy, namely the Cree,". (Cree Response Needed)
    • Colony of Tshissekauassi: 2,000 men from the mainland are sent with flintlock weapons to take out Pepine (Chief Veffyne), along with extra flintlock pistols for settlers to fend off natives.
  • Natchez: After establishing full control over the Acolapissa following the miliary conquest of 1510, the Great Sun has worked hard at integrating the Acolapissan towns into the Natchez system. Due to our new control over most of the delta of the Great River (Vpvl Kuhunser, OTL Mississippi River), the Kingdom is earning a large amount of revenues from trade. The revenues which do accrue to the Great Sun are used to improve the capital city (Natchez) and also to improve the region of the Acolapissan nation. The population of the Natchez continues to increase, and the Acolapissan people are integrated more and more into the proper society of the Natchez. At the mouth of the Great River, work on a new, major shipyard begins.
  • Tongva: The nation’s success in the First Pál War would not be a lasting peace in the region. For years it had been custom that the great powers on either end of the desert reap the benefits of trade, but leave the central lands as the land of traders and independent peoples, who facilitated the trade between nation to nation. With the interior land itself being of little value, most nations benefited greatly from leaving it to its own devices. Recent conflicts had shown that this was changing, as the Ngáchishtemal came to be inhabited by a growing population, which began to specialize in other industries. In particular, after centuries of facilitating the gold trade, gold was discovered in Ngáchishtemal itself, with entrepreneurial pàlocrats diversifying into gold and other commodities. Just north of The Hub sat another, older gold producing region, known as Payahǖǖnadǖ (OTL Owens Valley), where gold mines were abundant along the Wakopee River from north to south. The Hub would become partially propped up by the gold trade having to pass through its borders if heading southward, however, this relationship would be damaged by the arrival of the Shoshone, who threatened the region from the east. Fearing the encroaching army from the west, many of the region’s investors looked south. One such leader would be Pahinawa, a Nyyhmy man who had tried to strike it big in the Payahǖǖnadǖ gold fields. Instead he became a mercenary, leading a successful company around the periphery of the Shoshone wars. He would be present at the famed Battle of Ongtupqa, in which the Shoshone came across the great canyon cities of the Patayan and Hopi, and later he would lead soldiers for the Kingdom of the Delta at the conclusion of 1518. Two years later he launched an exodus to the south, and with his experienced mercenary company following him, he managed to capture the Oasis of Mara from the local pàlocrat, loosely uniting the lands of Humwichawa once more. Gradually the domain of Pahinawa came to extend east to the Aha Kwahwat and as far northeast as the city of ʼAha Kuloh (OTL Needles). Pahinawa took advantage of the region’s wealth, capturing and expanding gold mines and other endeavors. His capital at the oasis was built up considerably with new architecture, dwarfing the old tent city that surrounded it, and to this end he launched raids of his neighbors in order to capture engineers, architects, and artisans. This would not go unnoticed, leading to the Second Pál War in 1523. A coalition was formed, spearheaded by Yuracizhi of the Patayan and the paramounts of the Delta to the south. Around the same time, the Shoshone arrived in the southern region of the empire, and took an interest in propping up Pahinawa’s kingdom to spite their enemy Patayan. At the Battle of Iipa’ahwat a string of early defeats was reversed by Pahinawa and his allies. After this victory, the nation of Tongva entered the war on the side of Pahinawa. The nation would launch an attack on The Hub, hoping to capture the prosperous trade city of the north. Instead the nation would suffer an unexpected defeat, and by that time the war had been ended in the south inconclusively. The Shoshone did not leave the south however, and in late 1524 they launched an invasion westward. They first came upon the nation of Timbisha and captured the region with a siege at the city of Tümpisa (OTL Death Valley). From there they fell upon the region of Payahǖǖnadǖ, capturing the gold mines that had been the competitor of their ally, and part of the bankroll for their enemies. With his domain now threatened, Emperor Momsam ordered a war to liberate the southeast border of the empire, but he would be primarily answered by southern states such as Tongva, Yokuts, and Taaqtam.
  • Abenaki: Sends diplomats to several nearby kingdoms to request diplomatic-economic integration. send traders to Chesepeake. Starts researching better weapons and means of production.
  • Beothuk: With the colony of Vinland razed, the king's brother requests reinforcements and funds to rebuild which requests are granted, but most of the funds are sent to Beothukland to expand that colony.
    • Secret Thule Dip: Kumaglak asks Beothuk to send their forces to aid them against Nitasina.
  • Thule Empire: King Kumaglak attempts to live up to the legacy of his father, despite external and internal pressure. Damage inflicted during the Thule-Naskapi War is repaired in the territory of Naskapi. Meanwhile, colonization continues. The colony of New Nunavut expands into OTL North Oban and Lorne. Meanwhile, a new settlement is founded, called Iktiitaq (meaning "Island of Wight", a transliteration of the native name) (OTL Newport). (The colony itself is called Pitannmik, from the native name for the British Isles, Priden.) In its initial years, the Pitannmik colony expands to cover the entire Isle of Wight. The colonists offer to buy the natives' land and offer them extensive trade deals in an attempt to pacify the natives. Basic defenses, such as a fort and a fence, are built in Iktiitaq. Settlers are sent to the colonies in the east to consolidate  Meanwhile, back in the Americas, King Kumaglak creates a semi-autonomous duchy for the Dorset in an attempt to negotiate with them and quell the secession attempts. Nanouk is named the Duke of Dorset. The Thule sapphire trade greatly profits the Thule in their trade with Beothuk, Powhatan, and Ayiti. In Kuujjuaq, the Thule capital, a statue is erected in memory of King Tulugaak. King Kumaglak sends a diplomatic mission to the nation of Siglit, requesting that the Siglit and Thule unite into a single polity. He cites their common origin from the Inuit and a common enemy, namely the Cree, and promises to protect the Siglit from any foreign incursions. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, Kumaglak proposes to the nations in the vicinity of Nitasina, including but not limited to the prominent Mi'kmaq, to join a coalition against the Innu. (MOD AND MI'KMAQ RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • Secret Dip Response to Nitasina: Kumaglak refuses to aid Nitasina against Nanouk, and sends a diplomat to Nanouk, requesting him not to support Nitasina, since Kumaglak has been generous enough to give Nanouk his own semi-autonomous duchy. He mobilizes an army of around 13,000 men, including some Naskapi men, to fight the Innu forces, and asks of the Powhatan, Beothuk, and coalition (if the nations around Nitasina agree to join the coalition) to send forces to aid his war effort. (POWHATAN, BEOTHUK, MI'KMAQ(?), AND MOD(?) RESPONSES NEEDED.
  • Tarascan State: Cazonci Zuagua has died and his son Tangaxuan II has taken the throne. Under Zuagua's reign, our nation has grown technologically and our infrastructure has improved significantly. Yet, to the disappointment of some of the aristocracy, we have not expanded our borders at all. To improve our ability to mobilize we shall build military schools in many cities around our nation. Each man in one of these cities shall serve in one for two years. Cazonci Tangaxuan promises to see what Zuagua never was able to see, the Kingdom of Colliman under the control of the Tarascans. War is declared in the spring of 1523. A force of 40,000 shall invade from the south while a force of 80,000 shall invade from the east heading west. The two forces shall lay siege to the city of Colliman at the same time. Both forces are armed with Flintlocks and harquebuses as well as ten cannons for each of them . A diplomatic envoy is sent to the Maya.
  • Sun Kingdom: with the signing of the Treaty of Bascaun, the Northern Caribs and the Boriken once again live in peace. The new territory sees the establishment of local government's established with leaders selected from King Maní. As a result of this, the gradual movement of people from the main island move down to the islands of OTL St.Kitts and the surrounding region. Ixponians see more trade and as a result, some people begin having the ability to understand how the natives speak and an agreement is arranged to purchase a section of land in exchange for various precious goods. As a result, Fort Pompodiak sees construction with the presence of troops as it is made into a base til the construction is completed. Land reserves are made for merchants who've made early purchases and other wealthy people doing the same as their business employees plan to move over although areas of land under royal jurisdiction within the plot have been reserved for labourers to work in order to establish a functioning community. OTL Sao Miguel and Bermuda see the establishment of docks as more people move over to live there after success from the earlier established trade ports.
  • Guarani Empire: Following the decisive defeat of the Tupiniquim the campaign army would quell any remaining resistance and the lands would be annexed. 15,000 men would be stationed in the conquered land while order and governance is established. The local nobility would be ousted and administration would be passed to the Guarani bureaucrat class. The general transition to bureaucratic government management would continue in the Guarani Nation as more law students graduate in the House of Knowledge and are given administrative roles. Having expanded his realm and deeply reformed the government, Arandikatu would look to dedicate the rest of his rule to the prosperity of the Guarani Mburuvi. For this purpose he would start the most ambitious undertaking of his reign, a massive civil construction project to boost the economy, involving the entirety of the nation and spanning for two decades. The constructions would be financed with the wealth accumulated in the successful military campaigns, the profitable expansion of commerce and surplus revenue generated by more efficient governance under the reformed bureaucracy. The first phase of the plan would begin in 1521 with the extensive construction  and upgrading of irrigation works including canals, dikes, ditches and reservoirs, primarily in the highly fertile river regions along the Paraná and Uruguay and their tributaries to further expand agricultural output which is the primary sector of the Empire´s economy.

1525-1530

The offer sent by the Plains Cree Confederation to the neighboring Cree nations is rejected, with each nation wishing to remain independent. Elsewhere, the nations of Atikamekw and the Moose Cree accept an alliance with the Innu. The nation of Siglit rejects all offers from the Thule Empire, while the nation of Miꞌkmaq accepts an alliance.

When Innu reinforcements arrive in Tshissekauassi, Cornish forces manage to ambush the attackers at a crucial Battle of Truro, in which the Innu are pushed back. The Innu suffer 230 casualties, while the Cornish suffer 180 casualties. Despite this, the Cornish are unable to capitalize on this victory, and they offer a truce to the Innu in which the western tip of the peninsula is recognized as Innu territory. After Veffyne dies, his son Alured attempts to secure a more peaceful relationship with the Innu, offering to become their ally in the continent in exchange for Innu guns and aid against the other colonies and nations of the region.

The Tarascan invasion of the Colliman Kingdom results in a decisive victory for the Tarascans. The Tarascans suffer 12,980 casualties, while the defenders suffer 14,830 casualties.

At the Battle of Washukanni, in which Assyrian forces attack the Mitanni, the result is an Assyrian victory. The Assyrians suffer 12,590 casualties, while the Mitanni suffer 18,900 casualties, as well as the loss of a large number of civilians.

The actions taken by King Kumaglak manages to placate the supporters of Duke Nanouk, and diffuses any disorder. The Duchy of Dorset manages to become more autonomous as a result, and raises their own military and Atlantic navy while under Thule suzeriety. The offer by the Innu is rejected, and Dorset supports Thule's war against them.

The Kingdom of Byblos opens trade with the rapidly-growing Assyrian empire, and begins selling them works of art and gold that was imported from Egypt. Egypt's hegmony of trade has extended across Levant and across all of the Jordan Valley.

A minor skirmish breaks out in OTL Sao Miguel, as it is discovered that the Boriken and Powhatan colonies overlap on the same island.

  • Assyrian Empire: King Elihu returns to Nineveh following his decisive victory over the Mitanni to oversee the incorporation of the new lands into his realm. As is tradition, all able-bodied men of the conquered lands are immediately obliged to serve in the army of the king, rapidly swelling the forces of the kingdom, and replacing many of the losses suffered during the invasion. All Mitanni are forced to convert to Christianity at the point of a sword, and their temples are torn down and churches erected all throughout the conquered land. Many of the residents are resettled throughout Assyria, destroying much of their culture and cohesiveness as a people. Within the largely Aramaic-speaking population of the growing empire, the Mitanni find that their language is overwhelmed by the dominant tongue of the empire, forcing many to assimilate into Assyrian culture. State scribes and Assyrian subjects are resettled into the former lands of the Mitanni, and are given the good land to cultivate for the empire. Seeking to solidify the throne's grasp on power, and to remove any potential opponents to his rule, King Elihu reorganizes the government and military to reflect the future of the empire. Assyria is divided into nine provinces known as pahitu, each of which is governed by a high-ranking scribe of the king's court, known as a shapiru, to a singular term of five years. They are to be aided in their administration by nearly a hundred other scribes educated by their local city church scholars in mathematics, writing, administration, and time-keeping, ensuring that the proto-bureaucracy of the kingdom is capable of managing the affairs of state in the name of the king. All state scribes employed in such a manner are paid by the state in grain subsidies, ensuring that they will never have to toil in the fields to survive. These scribes carry on with their business quickly and efficiently, displacing the local aristocrats of the conquered realms with Assyrians loyal to the king and the throne of the king. While their power over the cities has been removed, the aristocrats are reorganized under the king into influential landowners who are gifted with large estates throughout Assyria, allowing them to keep their wealth and slaves in exchange for providing food, resources, and manpower to the king. To ensure that no singular aristocrat grows powerful enough to challenge the king, the lands allotted to them are divided in such a way that no one elite is capable of raising a force large enough to combat the Assyrian army. Furthermore, the king decrees that the land given to a member of the king's court shall not pass on into the hands of another family, and any wealth generated on that land must pass into the hands of an heir or go into the coffers of the king. In the event that an heir to the land of that aristocrat cannot be found or dies before inheriting it, the land shall pass back into the ownership of the state to be alloyed to another member of the aristocracy. In this way, Elihu neuters the wealthy upper class by preventing them from intermarrying to accumulate land, wealth and influence, while giving them enough of that wealth and power to remain placated and content with their riches to remain loyal to the king. In the same vein, the lives of the commoners remain much the same, with the inhabitants now tied to the land and the owners of that land, only with the benefit that with the weakened hand of the aristocracy, abuses of power are now far less common than in the past. The army is completely reorganized under King Elihu's direction, moving away from the city-based levy system he originally created, to a province-based system built around permanent units of soldiers. A new military unit known as a sharu is instituted by Elihu, consisting of 3,600 soldiers all equipped by the state in standardized equipment of the existing "Ninevite-style". These sharu are divided into six units of karashu, each consisting of six hundred men. They are further broken down into six mugu of one hundred men, and finally into ten eshru consisting of ten men. Each sharu shall be led by a commander known as the laputtu, appointed by the king and cycled between sharu every two to three years to another sharu. Regular drilling is introduced for the active units of the army outside of their designated garrison cities, providing a constant show of might to the conquered peoples, and sharping the fighting skills of the soldiers themselves. Nine provincial sharu are created by King Elihu, and sent to each of the nine newly-formed pahitu of the kingdom, while two are created for direct command under Elihu in Nineveh and Assur. A further twenty-seven are established for mobilization in the event of a war, giving the kingdom a total force of 136,800 troops (38 sharu); with 32,400 serving in the provinces on a permanent basis, 7,200 serving directly under the command of the king in the capital cities as a bodyguard and rapid-response force, and a final 97,200 troops held in reserve to be mobilized by the king as needed during times of war. Under the new military system, there are enough units of six hundred-man karashu (228 total) to garrison all 36 of the major cities of the kingdom with proper city guards on a full-time basis, with at least one karashu to each city policing the streets and crushing any who dare to break the laws of the king. A road is constructed leading from the city of Dar-Katlimmu leading to the newly conquered towns of Shadikanni and Wassukanni, linking the former Mitanni territories to the core regions of Assyria. With a permanent force of four sharu in the region, the newly conquered subjects balk at the idea of rebelling against Assyria. Over a period of five years, many new families are established in the region by the soldiers, who bed their newly-captured wives and build large families in the territory, expanding Assyrian culture into the region demographically. Elihu's wife gives birth to a further four offspring, two boys (Elika and Itamar) and two girls (Zillyah and Davita). Unfortunately, Thirza's body gives out during the birth of her final daughter, and she dies following the childbirth. A massive funeral for the queen is held, with the king, his five siblings, and his nine children attending the cremation of Queen Thirza's body. As necessitated by domestic concerns, Elihu quickly remarries, this time a local Ninevite girl by the name of Temara. She quickly gives birth to a daughter who Elihu promptly names Thirza. Trade with the Kingdom of Byblos is reciprocated by Assyria, exchanging slaves, fines garments, glass, and pottery with the trading city. Economic growth is encouraged by the king, who desires to see Assyrian culture and Christianity spread throughout the region. Diplomatic overtures to Egypt are extended upon the request of Elihu, seeking to establish a fine rapport with the foreigners. Assyrian texts revolving around astronomy, the sciences, art, and poetry are exchanged with the Egyptians and Phoenicians, whom Elihu seeks to impress. Similar efforts are made with the Babylonians, whom Elihu desires to incorporate into his kingdom using his birthright through his mother to promote. With news of his ailing grandfather reaching him, Elihu organizes a force of thirteen sharu (46,800 troops) to head south to Babylon to demand that the city cede the throne to him as his grandfather nears death. Elihu orders the city to open its gates or suffer the consequences of a siege and the conquest of its territories. Another ten sharu (36,000 troops) are mobilized within Assyria, and camp along the border near Kar-Shamash, ready to support the king in the event Babylon refuses to bend the knee.
  • Abenaki: After years of shredd management, our King O'Zaliz has died. a council has been formed to choose a new king. the result was the coronation of O'Zaliz II, son of O'Zaliz, as the King of the Abenaki in 1526. our new king started his reign sending diplomats to some powerful local nations, even requesting an alliance from the Thule Empire. a navy has also been formed, with ten ships. the first duty was travelling to the west in the search of new lands. Eventually they reached New Abenaki (OTL Ireland) in 1528. the contact with the natives was friendly and some colonists were sent to there in 1529, founding O'Zaliz City.
  • Western Cree Confederation: The Supreme Chief orders the invasion of the Woodlands and the Swampy Cree, after their rejection of the unification proposal. To Grand Council agrees to rename the country to the Western Cree Confederation to expand its nominal jurisdiction over not only the Plains Cree, but all subgroups of the Cree. Religious upheaval continues, stemming from the rejection of the Church of Cahokia and social disturbances caused by the shift to mixed agriculture. Aside from a reduced "canon", the heterodox concepts of universality, emphasis on virtuous conduct and charity (at the expense of ritual), the dichotomy between the negative material and positive spiritual planes of existence, and the notion of an imminent "apocalypse" continues to spread. While shamans continue to be influential as community leaders and as medicine-men/women, they begin to see a reduction in power; attributed to the spreading practice of self-contemplation – usually in the form of prayer or meditation – to achieve "union" (direct spiritual experience) with the divine through visions or personal revelations. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. The construction of secular or non-defensive brick or stone buildings – instead of traditional timber, within the Three Cities region, continues. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: King Aucamar's seacoast defense system—a network of coastal fortresses designed to protect the island's inhabitants in case of raids—is complete. Now, every major settlement is within a short distance of a safe refuge. This has the effect of making trade and movement around the island safer, allowing for native and foreign merchants alike to rely on Ayiti as a shipping and transit hub. The Windward Passage remains the primary route for ships traveling north or south between the continents. This strait is heavily guarded by the Ayitian royal fleet. Further upgrades are made to the shipyards of Xaragua, which are now capable of producing ships using prefabricated parts at an industrial capacity. This concept was sparked by recent exchanges in ideas with the Powhatan, with many pieces gleaned from the knowledge of Chesapeake merchants and engineers over the years as part of the longstanding mercantile cooperation between the northern merchant states and the southern islands (for example, the Chesapeake-financed discovery of America by the Taino Comerio Caguax). Utilizing hardwood imports from the Thule Empire, engineers are able to build ships bigger, sturdier, and more war-ready. Recent trade agreements with the Miskito Coast, meanwhile, provide Ayiti with a steady source of timber and naval supplies, alleviating the strain on the nation's forests and enabling the development of original ship designs like the huraca ("hurricane"). The huraca is a fast, lightweight vessel capable of sailing in high winds and outmaneuvering most carracks of the day. It is outfitted with a fine armament of cannon. The explorer Ilumani Muritaro returns to the islands that he had discovered in 1525 (Cape Verde, now called Ocahura by its inhabitants), charting the rest of the archipelago. While exploring the Bay of Piris (Arguin), Muritaro spies canoes rowed by black-skinned people traveling up and down the coast of Cacimare. Upon investigating, he learns that these people are fishermen and merchants, carrying their merchandise to the interior of the Wolof Empire, which rules the entire region. Muritaro travels inland to the imperial capital, and meets the emperor Birema, whose title is bur. This is the start of peaceful contact with the Wolof. Later, Muritaro is appointed governor of the Ocahuras by King Aucamar. He settles on Nacaserra with his family, and builds Fort Muritaro near the existing settlement of Ama'zi. Seafaring merchants, colonists and slave-traders soon arrive in the Ocahuras, aware of the islands' economic potential as a port of call between Cacimare and the Caribbean. In a few short years, Nacaserra is transformed into a fully-fledged Ayitian colony. Slave trading begins when the first African slaves are transported here from Wolof and Macanike. Afterward, the slave trade becomes a booming enterprise, tempting many coastal kingdoms under Wolof hegemony to make lucrative deals with the Ayitians. Whereas before it had been the Island Caribs who most often took up roles as slavers because they had no qualms about the business, now even the famously peaceful Taino can be seen on the decks of slave ships. This perceived regression in moral principles incurs fierce criticism from the most pious followers of the zemi, who lament that Ayiti's once-pure society is being destroyed by corruption and greed. From the beginning, the practices of slavery and piracy were condemned by the religious leaders of Ayiti, creating a rift between the priests, nobility and merchants. Despite Ayiti's status as a hub of commerce, a general distrust of merchants prevails, especially in rural parts of the nation. In light of the recent treaty with the Arawaks, trade between the Old World and the New World flows more smoothly, with less interference from pirates. It also opens up new avenues for exploration. Áhari Fararinno makes two more expeditions to Comerioa (Europe), visiting the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel. In 1528, the explorer Amorotahe witnesses a hybrid solar eclipse over Sao Tome, and names the island Guatuguey ("flaming sun"), claiming it for Ayiti. Between 1529 and 1530, Amorotahe further explores the South Atlantic, becoming the first westerner to sight the Congo River, as well as the island of St. Helena, which is named in his honor. As a result of these voyages, contact is also made with the Guarani Empire of the southern continent.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy to Wai'tukubuli: Ayiti offers an alliance with the Wai'tukubuli Kingdom, considering them more aligned with Ayitian interests than their rivals in Karukera (Mod Response).
  • Tarascan State: Following the Decisive Victory over the Colliman Kingdom, Cazonci Tangaxuan II starts the task of incorporating this new territory into our empire. Many Purepecha (Tarascans) are encouraged to move to what was the lands of the Colliman. Many Colliman families are also resettled into the Tarascan homeland to scatter their cohesiveness as a people and to prevent revolts. As an extra precaution, a military force of 4,000 will be deployed in major cities of the Colliman to prevent any revolt. As for the governing of this new land, Cazonci Tangaxuan II personally visits the city of Colliman with his guard to pick out the most capable governor of the Colliman Territory. Eventually, he picks Prince Shanarani to be the governor of the Colliman Territory. As for the governance of the Colliman Territory, it will be able to do its own menial tasks but all other tasks shall be controlled by the Tarascan Government. Every year, it shall send tribute to the capital city of Tzintzuntzan. We shall also start another expedition to the Pacific, this time with greater funds and better ships. We wish to establish formal diplomatic relations with the Maya
  • Grand Ogiamate of Powhatan: After the conclusion of the war with Susquehana, the military is repositioned for the final campaign toward the complete unification of the Chesapeake Bay. The vast, gradually growing navy closes in to completely blockade the bay from any supplies or support to the Ogima of Nanticoke, and lay the capital city of Wicomico (OTL Salisbury) under seige. The land military likewise invades over the narrow strait of the bay to the northern territory of the Delmarva peninsula. ​​​​As the nation is now completely surrounded by enemies on all sides, ​​we demand that the Ogima of Nanticoke submits to the authority of Wahusunocock, and if they don't, the military will take the capital by force (MOD RESPONSE). The city of Rappahanock continues to be built up, creatingn the Inner Harbor to a trading metropolis. A variety of canals and bridges continue to be made along the North Landing River, in accordance to our treaty with the Outer Banks. The University of Mattawoman recreates the designs of acquaducts from the ancient Cahokia Empire, and these begin to be built to draw irrigation water from the North Landing River and Potomac. Mattawoman also begins to see some controversy of theology, as some scholars following the writings of Totopotomoi begin to establish a very liberal, decentralized path for the nation, very much in contention with the humanists supported by Necotowance. The new banking firms in Sicoke extend larger financial and naval support to Ayuti, in exchange for credit investiments to represent the future return of gold and other resources from their African trade. In the far east, the large river opening on the east side of Britain is named the Yaroke River (OTL Thames), and a town is established at the mouth of it called New Rappahanock. Further trading posts are made along the Frisian coast as well. A small fleet of one-half dozen ships closes in on the Oaska Islands to expulse the Boriken military. Troops are landed on the islands and the navy blockades the ports. We ask our ally of Ayuti for assistance in doing so. 
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Captain Arah Mudaukaho is in the vicinity of the Oaska Islands while the standoff is occurring. After much deliberation, they commit to assisting the Powhatan blockade, bolstering it with an additional ten carracks and five smaller ships. Meanwhile, the government of Powhatan is already beginning to see a return on their investment when the first ships from Africa laden with slaves, ivory, and gold enter their ports.
  • Arawak Empire: We continue to explore the coast of Alaquoia with the existing holdings of idol'alaquoia and Aurualla are further expanded upon and fortified. To these two, we add a third, located at the mouth of a great river ('OTL NIGER RIVER). This mettlesome is quickly dubbed dellaura and begins trade with the locals, as well as exploration up the river. With conflict between our nations settleing down and with our interests no longer opposed, we suggest a non-agression pact with the Ayiti.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: King Aucamar agrees with this assessment and decides to formally end hostilities and sign a treaty of non-aggression for the near future. Piracy in both the New World and the Caribbean wanes as a result of this treaty.
  • Aztec Empire: Colonial life in Tlaloctetl becomes wealthier and larger, when two new settlements in the range of ten to 25 km apart of each other. With them come around 1,000 settlers. The refusal of the proposed vassalship causes angeramong authorities, but a campaign overseas would be costly. and the colonies are too small in size as of now. Thus the plan is made to fund more settlements in the region and becoming the dominant force in the region. More south, a ship drifts off course and lands in a natural port (OTL BORDEAUX, Arrondisment Lesparre-Medoc). This place is a lot warmer and less rocky than the place they are supposed to land at. The weather is warm and locals seem to live in greater wealth than their northern counterparts. The translator that was also on the ship proves to be completely useless. Seeing that the peninsula they landed on is fertile but not inhabited, they found a trading outpost there. The colony of Pohtōcan is funded in 1528. This colony is immediately supported with a hundred settlers. In the homeland, Moctezuma II dies in 1529, he is succeeded by his daughter Tecuichpoch. this is fairly uncommon, since the title of Hueyi Tlatoani usually passes to the brother of the ruler, but Moctezuma II made it his expressed wish that his daughter becomes Hueyi Tlatoani. She continues the policies of her father, managing the empire in a centralized fashion and solidifying the Aztec hegemony of the region. In the same year she calls her wisest generals to conquer both teotitlan and Yopitzinco. War is declared upon both nations simultaneously, their communication lines destroyed. A force of 150,000 men march into Yopitzinco, while just 50,000 fight in smaller armies at every direction into teotitlan. they are supported by light archers, cavalry and elite soldiers.
  • Beothuk: King Beothuk II dies in his sleep and is succeeded by his daughter Hea`ther. She redirects funds to Beuthuklands and focus on expanding it more.
  • League of Mayapan: After the second expedition that returned 25 years ago, we started observing the enviornment and the climate of the new land. Between then and now, a third expedition was sent. This time we began to explore more of the African coast. Some of the areas look similar to our area. We start to theorize why this happens. Back in the Mayan homeland, Chichen Itza is growing and starts to overlook Mayapan. A port is underconstruction and will take about four years to be finished. Construction starts in 1527. We try to create a map of the world as we know it. It includes Mesoamerica, the Caribbean islands, the southern part of Florida, and the western Sahara. We are also thinking of exploring another area of this new continent.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: An Ayitian fleet exploring the Bay of Piris discovers the Mayan settlement in Mauritania in the midst of a local drought. The Ayitian commander, Ilumani Muritaro, ferries supplies to the Mayans from the Ocahura Islands.
    • Mayan Diplomacy: We thank the Ayitian fleet and commander for the supplies as we need them for our settlement and when we move.
    • Update: We thank the Miskito envoy for sending us the food for our journey.
  • Miskito: King Bolanos II decides after a decade of planning to send of about 5,000 trained colonists to OTL Bremen and try to establish a colony [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. The Bolanos University keeps on trying to find a cure for the disease that killed the former king and almost the current king [MOD RESPONSE IF THEY FIND THE CURE OTHERWISE NOT].
  • Lenapehoking: Peace is made with the Iroquois and Suquehanna, and the nation prepares to rebuild after the war. The southern Lusitanian colony at Ganschapuchk grows considerably, with ample defenses being built at the location. An extensive fort is built at the location overtime, and after this is completed expeditions are launched into the surrounding area. A second fort is founded [in 1526] across the channel [Ceuta], and two years later a third is built farther to the west [Tangier]. A brief war would be fought around that time against the native Berbers of the region, which established the tip of the continent as territory of the Lenni Lenape. An alliance would be established with the Vettones tribe, with good being traded for some weapons and other western devices. With their aid [in 1528], as well as with the aid of the Counei and the Celtici, war would be declared on the Turdetani of the south. 1,000 infantrymen, 200 cavalry, and ten cannons would be imported to the colonies for the war. Advancing northward, it was hoped that the region would be quickly captured, with some land being given to native allies. Should this succeed, the southern colony at Ganschapuchk would be expanded, while a client state would be created in the north from the remaining territory. Expeditions continue to the east, discovering a prominent peninsula and some small islands east of the Iberian colonies.
  • Thule Empire: King Kumaglak, in an attempt to stomp out the threat of King Mashtu and his army, launches an invasion on Nitasina. He sends his army of 11,400 to attack the Innu city of Ishtuashu. He also sends a navy of 16 ships in a two-pronged attack on Ishtuashu. His army consists of around 5,700 infantrymen, 4,000 artillery troops, 1,400 cavalrymen, 290 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (ALGO NEEDED) He requests his allies, Beothuk and Powhatan, and the Anti-Innu Coalition nations to send him troops. (BEOTHUK, POWHATAN, AND MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) He also requests the Iroquois, Abenaki, St. Lawrence Iroquois, and the Central Cree to join the Anti-Innu Coalition. (ABENAKI, IROQUOIS, AND MOD RESPONSES NEEDED) Meanwhile, the cities of Iqaluit, Nuuk, and Kuujjuaq begin to develop into large cities of the Thule. More iron mills are built in Iqaluit. The focus in the country turns toward the war, putting a pause on colonization. Kumaglak offers technological cooperation with the Ayiti, seeing that their ships are superior to his. He wishes to improve his navy. (AYITI RESPONSE NEEDED) He also requests Wessex on the British Isles for an alliance to hold back Innu and/or Cornish advances. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: The Ayitian diplomat suggests "moderate cooperation as far as circumstances will allow", but makes no promises of any serious collaboration with the Thule unless adequate compensation is given. He mentions that, while current trading agreements are mutually beneficial to both parties, Ayiti has no interest in the affairs of the north.
  • Tawantinsuyu: Sapa Inca Ccapac launches his westward naval exploration to discover any possible western land masses. Ccapac launches a massive mining initiative in the empire in order to extract any valuable minerals. We begin to expand into the south with a military expedition being led by General Azo. Continued funding for the sciences and the arts of the empire sees many good outcomes with Incan scientists and artists being able to express themselves and research stuff. Incan cultural studies is encouraged amongst the entire population with it being encouraged in schools and in private. Production of weapons continues and arming the military also continues.
  • Natchez Kingdom: The Natchez Great Sun, Spirited Wolf, continues to lead the realm forward as trade continues to boom. The revenues from Mississippian trade have enriched the royal coffers. From these funds, a large population boom of native Natchez takes place. This is especially pronounced in former Acolapissan lands, where the Natchez population has approximately surpassed the native nation's numbers. The investment in the Great River shipyard continues, with the first major ship constructed toward the end of this period. The military also receives a great deal of investment from the royal coffers.
  • Guarani Empire: Work on the 20 years project continues in full swing. By 1526 many of the irrigation works would have been completed, already showing strong results as crop output and thus revenue increases significantly, with promising results the construction of agricultural infrastructure would carry on for five more years. Furthermore the construction of a canal connecting the Paraná and Uruguay Rivers would begin (in OTL Missiones province of Argentina) to improve commerce and general transportation along the two. By now The Imperial House of Knowledge would have graduated many generations of students and it´s important role in the functioning of the nation would be well asserted with most of the bureaucrats in the court coming from the Insitution, it´s importance in the continent would also be steadily growing as it takes in and incentives the coming of foreign students and professors. In 1528 the university would see a small expansion, with the creation of a faculty of mathematics and astronomy . In the same year Guarani envoys would be sent to the Imperial court of Cuzco proposing the exchange of university students to expand the reach of both academies(INCAN RESPONSE NEEDED). In 1530 the Ayitian explorer Amorotahe would be welcomed into the luxurious court of the Great Mburuvicha Arandikatu who would sense great opportunity in the so called nation of Ayiti. The Emperor would make sure to bring attention to the wealthy merchants of his realm and to make an outstanding impression on the far coming foreigner. Before the explorer departed a request would be made to exchange maps with the Ayitians as to guarantee future contact (AYITIAN RESPONSE NEEDED).
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Amorotahe is impressed by the magnificence of the Guarani Emperor's court, which manages to defy all expectations with its grandeur. He agrees to the Guarani request, offering the most recent charts of Ayiti's discoveries in exchange for maps of the world according to the Guarani. Following this initial contact, Ayitian merchants would begin arriving in Guarani ports, trading goods, slaves, and ideas from across the Atlantic.

1530-1535

A chief named Domnall unites northern Britain to form the Scottish Confederacy, and launches an invasion of Thule colonies in the west. The confederacy successfully razes many settlements on the mainland, killing hundreds of Thule settlers.

Following several of their neighbors, the Miꞌkmaq launch an expedition to the east, founding a colony in northern Connacht on the island of Ireland.

The recent Powhatan invasion of Cornwall leads to the capture of the eastern one-half of the nation. The Cornish appeal to their ally the Innu, who supply guns and weapons to combat the other colonies of the region.

The Lenni Lenape war in the Iberian peninsula results in a Lenape victory, with the Turdetani surrendering to the invaders. The Lenape suffer 590 casualties, the Lenape allies suffer 2,490 casualties, and the Turdetani suffer 9,870 casualties.

The expedition dispatched by the nation of Miskito fails to reach its intended destination (attempting to specifically sail to Bremen when that area of the world is not explored, especially for a nation further away, is implausible and not allowed). Having suffered a great deal of losses while en route, the remaining colonists desperately make landfall at the first place they find, landing at OTL Saint Louis, Senegal.

Having successfully prevented the fall of Susquehanna, the Iroquois launch an of the St. Laurence River region, intending to unite the various Iroquoian peoples of the region under their leadership.

Inca explorers sent into the western sea return with news of a series of islands (OTL Galápagos Islands) to the west of the nation.

The Battle of Ishtuashu, in which the Thule attack the Innu, results in a Thule victory, with the city being captured. The Thule suffer 2,190 casualties, while the Innu suffer 3,200 casualties. Elsewhere, a Miꞌkmaq invasion successfully lands in southern Nitasina. The Moose Cree, Atikamekw, and the nations of southern Quebec join the Innu in their defense.

The Aztec invasion of Teotitlan results in an Aztec defeat, with the Aztecs suffering 15,490 casualties, and Teotitlan suffering 8,400 casualties. The Aztec invasion of Yopitzinco results in a narrow Aztec victory, with the Aztecs suffering 13,010 casualties, and Yopitzinco suffering 17,490 casualties.

After lackluster response to Grand Midewinini Nishkû'ntu VI’s crusade, the nation of Lipan remains intact, and begins spreading the Aztec faith into the north. A brief war between Lipan and the Apache to the west results inconclusively.

The Western Cree invasions of the Woodland and Swampy Cree results in a decisive defeat for the Western Cree. The Western Cree suffer 3,020 casualties against the Swamp Cree and 3,890 casualties against the Woodeland Cree, while the Woodland and Swamp Cree suffer 2,400 and 2,070 casualties respectively.

The Ayiti-Powhatan battle at sea against the nation of Boriken results in a decisive Boriken defeat. The Ayiti suffer the loss of one ship, the Powhatan suffer the loss of three ships, and the Boriken suffer the loss of eight ships.

The Babylonian king rejects the offer from the Assyrians, and attacks the initial Assyrian army outside the city, along with the aid of some other Mesopotamian allies. The result is a narrow Babylonian victory, with the Babylonians suffering 8,910 casualties and the Assyrians suffering 12,020 casualties.

  • Abenaki: O'Zaliz open the Abenaki University to incentive technological and cultural progress, with our most regarded intellectuals sent to there. Sends more colonists to New Abenaki. Inside our colony, the explorer Timsé Mopi, together with a group of sailors, start chartering the coast of Ireland in 1531. This led to our knowing about the Beothuk and Mi'kmaq colonies on the island. This discovery is reported to King O'Zaliz, who send diplomats to Mi'kmaq and Beothuk to negotiate the division of the island. An expedition led by Timsé foot in Copperland(OTL Wales) in 1533. Colonists are sent to there in 1534 to explore the local copper mines, where they found Mopi City, in OTL Aberyswyth. Contact is pacific with the natives, some who even join the colony. Meanwhile, in New Abenaki, agricultural settlements are already well consolidated in the Bay of New Abenaki, what led people to start going into the interior of the island, where they found little villages with the help of the Irish. In the mainland, the book To the End of the World, which tells the history of a captain of of of our navy in the search of once legendary lands, is published, becoming a best-seller
  • Assyrian Empire: King Elihu and his remaining men return to Kar-Shamash, where the ten reserve sharu are awaiting his command. The Assyrian army rests and rearms itself following their recent defeat, and prepare for their return south to conquer Babylon with the additional forces. Units are consolidated to replace the losses from the battle, and the units ordered to wait for Elihu's return are merged into the campaign force. The new army now consists of twenty sharu (approximately 72,000 soldiers), which immediately returns to Babylon to besiege the city. The Assyrians divert the direction of the Euphrates River, bringing the water levels of the city's surroundings down to the height of a man's thigh. Walls surrounding the city of Babylon are constructed, and a second wall protecting the Assyrian forces is built to protect them from attackers attempting to relieve the city's defenders. Siegeworks are constructed throughout the Assyrian camps, and civilians attempting to flee the area are captured and put to the sword or forced to serve as slaves in the siege camps. The other seven remaining reserve sharu (25,200 troops) are raised and sent south to serve as a relief force for Elihu's army outside of Babylon, raiding the Babylonian countryside and stealing food and supplies from the local inhabitants for the Assyrian army. The secondary army of the Assyrians is placed under Hodiya of Mari, who successfully cuts Babylon off from the rest of its allies, isolating the city and allowing King Elihu to focus on the siege without worry of enemy relief forces. Growth of the trade with Byblos continues under the direction of Queen Temara, who in the stead of her husband has proven to be a capable leader, adopting the direction of her husband's councilors to make the appropriate decisions on his behalf. King Elihu returns briefly to bed his wife, siring two sons with her, Adriel in 1532 and Barush in 1534. Upon returning to the siege of Babylon, Elihu beds several dozen captive Babylonian women, with whom his sires dozens of offspring. To avoid any dynastic crises in the future, upon the suggestion of his wife who accepts and condones of his dalliances with slave girls while away on campaign, Elihu has all of the baby boys put to death, while sending the girls to Nineveh to be trained as servant girls and spies for the royal household. Tamara takes it upon herself to manage their training personally, and quickly puts them to good use as children on the streets, gathering information for her to report upon to her husband. The cultural developments of the Assyrian Empire continue, with the works of art and literature developed by the Christian population finding a wide appreciation beyond the borders of the kingdom. Integration of the Mitanni people continues unabated, with the Assyrian population growing rapidly as the government encourages soldiers in the north to take full advantage of their "rights", and sire as many offspring for the state as possible. These Assyrian families soon come to dominate the upper and middle social strata of the former Mitanni lands, and increasingly deteriorate the culture of the natives to the point of social irrelevance. The city of Mari is expanded by the state migration to the city increases, with the trade with the Phoenicians in the west resulting in the expansion of workshops and irrigation development for the city's inhabitants. The use of plows with metal shears help to increase the depth and ease at which seeds can be planted, as well as decreasing the maintenance on the plows and breakage of its parts. This combined with the increased irrigation of the surrounding farmlands helps to increase crop yields for Mari. The success of Mari's agricultural developments are shared by word of mouth by the traveling merchants of Assyria, leading to the spread of the new farming practices to Terqa, Hindanu, Anat, and Dur-Katlimmu within the first five years of the changes. These cities benefit of increased yields of grain, allowing for a greater demographic increase in the Assyrian population in the west. These changes likewise allow Assyria to become an exporter of grain to the west, trading foodstuffs with the Levantine city-states, and expanding regional trade with the Egyptians through their contacts in the Levant.
  • Western Cree Confederation: Supreme Chief Casinau resigns, as his campaigns to capture the Woodlands and the Swampy Cree end in a massive failure. A Chief of War named Cicetacac is elected into office. A system of conscription is established, with each of the twenty-five prefectures being obliged to muster a cohort of infantry (~1,000 men) during times of war – either for the purposes of defense or for offensive campaigns. The prospective conscripts are promised future exemptions from tribute, pay in copper coinage (or luxury goods, due to the main form of exchange in rural areas being barter trade), and land grants in conquered territories. Unlike the military nobility, these conscripts are only trained in infantry tactics, and are clad in limited armor (a leather cuirass and a felt cap); while they don a sword and a spear (not exceeding two meters in length) as their prime weapon. A new military division consisting of 5,000 troops, the legion, is established. The Woodlands Cree is invaded again, this time under the leadership of the more militarily-capable Cicetacac. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. The construction of secular or non-defensive brick or stone buildings – instead of traditional timber, within the Three Cities region, continues. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.
  • Miskito: After 22 years of reign King Bolanos II dies in his sleep, the Elders council decides that Bolanos's son is to spoiled to rule so an royal election ends with the Captain from the Colonial adventure Atl'ii becomes king Atl'ii, he sends an extra 500 people to join the colony [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. He also turns the Bolanos University into a military academy to build a better army. The Senegalese colony is named Atl'iisa after the captain who saved them.
  • Nitasina (Innu): Ishtuashu shall be the last and only city to fall into Inuit hands. With the invasion of southern Nitasina, 5,000 mercenaries are hired go to meet the Mi’kmaq force in the south (War Algo Requested). The standing army (16,000) stays up north to combat the Thule invasion (War Algo Requested). In total, 16,000 troops are in the standing army and 5,000 mercenaries are hired. Troops from the Atikamekw and the Moose Cree nations are requested to help drive the invaders out of Nitasina, while the Algonquin tribe and the Maliseet are requested to invade the Mi’kmaq as a distraction to their invasion of Nitasina (Mod Response/War Algo Requested). The navy is sent to patrol the coast and cut supply lines to the Mi’kmaq, intercept reinforcements from Thule allied countries, watch for an invasion, and block the St. Lawrence River to the Anti-Innu Coalition (AIC) (Mod Response Requested). Volley fire tactics are used to increase the effectiveness of firearms, and firearms become more implemented in the army. Infrastructure to the north continues to improve because of wartime measures. Naskapi rebels are told to rebel now or never to free their people of Thule oppression (Mod Response). Nipi-Atshak dies at the age of 53, but not before he sees his two year old son, Mashku II, born to the Atikamekw princess (now Queen of Nitasina) and Mashku I (now King of Nitasina), heir to both thrones after the death of his father. Nitasina and the people of Quebec shall soon be free of the Inuit hegemony, and Mashku I will continue the fight for his people and his father.
    • Colony of Tshissekauassi: With the Powhatan forces coming to wipe out the colony, an evacuation is made. Most of the settlers are boarded onto boats and sent across the channel to a landmass spotted nearby, taking most of their belongings with them. The colony, now only striped buildings, is razed after the last colonists leave with flaming arrows shot from boats. They soon land near OTL Auderville, where they begin a new colony away from the invaders. This is called Akamit Tshissekau (which will be refered to as both Akamit Tshissekau and New Tshissekauassi), literally translating to "on the opposite shore [of] the cliffs". The most prominent Kunish (Cornish) men are offered to be taken across to the new colony, along with as many Kuntsh families as possible. Ownership over Old Tshissekauassi is given to the Kuntsh.
    • OOC Note: MUN is the alliance name. It stands for Mamit Uitapeua Nitasina, translating to "East[ern] Alliance [of] Quebec" (as Nitasina is not only the country name but also name for the entire area).
    • Nitasina Diplomacy: The St. Lawrence Iroquois, the Susquehanna, the Erie, and the Wyandot are invited to MUN, citing their opposition to the Iroquois, who were invited to the AIC (from Wikipedia; "The historic St. Lawrence Iroquoians, Wyandot (Huron), Erie, and Susquehannock... ...were traditional enemies of the Iroquois League."). Mississaugas and Passamaquoddy are invited as well to help gain land off the Iroquois/Mi’kmaq. The Scottish Confederacy is also invited to MUN (Mod Response).
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah (Powhatan): After a long and admirable reign, the Ogima Wahusunocock died at a ripe old age. His eldest son, Opchanacanough, assumes the title, ruling over the entire Chesapeake Bay from the Delmarva peninsula to the Potomac River. He moves the capital from Werowocomoco to Rappahanock, and upgrades the royal residence on the shores of the Inner Harbor to accommodate the extended royal family. The palace in Rappahanock towers over the city as an architectural marvel, overlooking the military outpost at the Patapsco Fortress. He upgrades the titles of the nations administration, changed from the Grand Ogima to Mamanatowick ("King") of Tenakomakah. Reforms to administration subvert control of local Weroancenates, and centralizes all feudal economy and military back to the capital. Construction begins on the Chesapeake Bay bridge, a massive building project to connect the eastern shore to the lands of Rappahanock. The liberal humanists led by Totopotomoi denounce the actions of the new government, and consider these projects an opulent act of hubris characteristic of tyranny. Considering the radical liberal ideas as an act of treason, Opchanacanough cracks down on the Mattawoman literati, and forces Totopotomoi to resign as Chief Dean. Meanwhile, the King has decided to redirect the focus of the Powhatan toward colonization in the new world, instigated by recent conflicts. As the Innu face outside conflict against our ally, the Thule Empire, the kingdom seizes the opportunity to strike against the enemy's colonial aspirations. A mercenary general named Morohatan is put in charge of the expedition, additionally financed by the Bank of Sicoke who now have a large stake in the eastern hemisphere. Morohatan sends 3,000 troops into New Powhatan, evenly split in units between cavalry, dragoons and cannons. As siege warfare is more impractical in the new world, Morohatan re-purposes the artillery for scatter shots against the enemy. Armaments for the infantry consist of halberds and advanced tomahawks, with about one-fourth carrying matchlock rifles. The military pushes into Cornwall, split into two armies to flank either coast. The navy, meanwhile, moves in to blockade Tintagal with twelve ships. At the same time, Another force of 1,500 troops land in Scotland with support of the Thule navy, working to invade northern Britain to break the Scottish Confederacy. Not all troops are sent at once, but stationed in New Powhatan to invade the British isles over three separate campaigns. Morohatan seeks to establish himself as a more autonomous ruler in the new world, centralizing his command at New Mattawoman (Winchester). He extends a close alliance with the local Saxon people, offering to help them crush their common enemy of the Celts [MOD RESPONSE]. As trade continues to expand and return profit from the Ayiti Kingdom, a plethora of African slaves are dispatched to the Oaska Islands. As there is no indigenous population to these islands, the slaves are put to work toward cultivating farming in the region.
  • Tawantinsuyu: The Incan Army continues to train itself. We continue to expand down south. With the discovery of a new chain of islands, we send back yet another expedition to land on the islands and explore them and see if there are any good spots for colonization, the islands are given the name “Ccapac” after the Sapa Inca Ccapac who gains all the glory and credit for discovering the islands in the media. The Sapa Inca promotes the Incan religion and religious studies in schools, and mixes science and religion together. Investment into the research and study of sciences and arts continues with more centers and museums being opened up to promote such things. Colonization of southern territories we’ve conquered begins with a direct imperial order being made to begin colonization and offer free land. Strip mining continues in the mountains where valuable minerals might be present, education in mining is taught to those interested. Any minerals collected while mining are immedietly our in the nearest warehouses or shipped to the capital Cuzco to be divided amongst the nobility. More TBA maybe.
  • Beothuk: The queen initiates an act that is known as the university and school act which begins trhe construction of schools and universites in all of Beothukian territories. A 2,000-strong epedition from Stockholm to the land farther forward (OTL St. Peterburg.) We establish a settlement there headed by the queen's sister Heth´er¨.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: A Taino officer and adventurer who traveled with conquistadors in Comerioa recounts the discovery of the the Mediterranean Sea to the ruler of Ayiti, calling it "the most tranquil and purest blue lake" he had ever seen, with "many fair islets off its golden shores". He claims to have seen gold in Iberia, at a place called Tadissoa, as well as a great river said to pour from the sacred fountain of the gods. Intrigued by this report, the king sends an official expedition to explore this uncharted part of the New World. The expedition first encounters a Lenape colony in southern Iberia, and trades with them. Upon discovering a great river pouring into the Gulf of Cadiz, the explorers travel upriver but find no trace of gold, nor the fabled Fountain of the Gods. This place seems to have once been the site of a prosperous civilization, now abandoned. "When the river-dwellers see us, they hide from our sight," reads one journal entry from the expedition. "They [the Turdetani] have all but abandoned their homes and fled into the hills." After seeing a Lenape colony by the coast, the explorers conjecture that the Lenape are likely responsible for the destruction of the river civilization at Tadissoa. Passing through the Strait of Gibraltar, the Ayitian ships continue on to explore the east coast of Iberia and the Balearic Isles. On the southern coast of Gaul, another great river is discovered (the Rhone). Finally, the islands of Corsica and Sardinia are discovered, and noted for their similarities to the island of Ayiti. The explorers give Sardinia the name Raroco, meaning "this place reminds us of home". As soon as the fleet returns to Xaragua, preparations are made for a second, larger expedition, with the purpose of establishing a permanent colony in the Mediterranean Sea. It consists of 15 ships commanded by Arah Mudaukaho, carrying over 1,000 colonists and a contingent of soldiers, administrators and tradesmen. Mudaukaho reaches Raroco and founds a settlement in the northwest of the island called Yayeke. This establishment of Yayeke, the second "colony of settlement" in the New World, coincides with the proliferation of a new philosophy in Ayiti called Yatiro, which upholds Zemi as the one true faith and promotes the conquest, conversion and assimilation of other cultures in accordance with the divine will of the gods. Although commonly derided as a cult of Guabancex, adherents to Yatiroism principally worship Yúkahu, the creator; Boinael and Marohu, the sun and moon gods; and Apito, an aspect of Atabey. Meanwhile, Ilumani Muritaro, having long objected to the slave trade and now harboring regret for his part in initiating it, attempts to abolish slavery in the Ocahuras and turn slave ships away from the islands. When higher authorities uncover this plot, Muritaro is removed from his governorship. The next day, he incites a slave revolt on the island of Nacaserra. The rebellion is quickly put down, but Muritaro flees by ship with a number of escaped slaves and others loyal to him. From there, he vanishes, and nothing more is known of his whereabouts. The governor that replaces him is more active in developing the colony. He establishes settlements on the other islands in the archipelago, and organizes a colonial guard to keep the slaves in line. He also sponsors a new factory at Axim, on the Gold Coast.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy to Boriken: After the unfortunate loss of Boriken's colony in the Guaraguao Archipelago, King Aucamar of Ayiti tries to repair relations with the Sun Kingdom, first by proposing to seal the two dynasties in a royal marriage. Furthermore, he proposes a treaty of unity, friendship, and mutual economic benefit, in which both nations will profit from each others' colonies and defend those colonies as if they were their own. By this agreement, Boriken stands to share in the profits of the African trade and any further colonial endeavors, and gain the protection of the Ayitian navy in times of war. Aucamar, meeting personally with the Sun King in the Campilfegre Palace, hopes that the people of Boriken find this alliance most agreeable.
  • Aztec Empire: The new Hueyi Tlatoani Tecuichpoch takes colonization more seriously than her father, as the lords in Tlaloctetl (OTL Brittanny) are given the choice to bow their knee to the empress of face to be whiped out (MOD RESPONSE). For the case of a war, a band of soldiers is sent to the main colony of Mocteczumacan, which was the first to be established. The settlement in the south grows, when the surrounding peninsula is incorporated to the colony of Pohtocan (OTL Arrondisment Lesparre-Medoc, Bordeaux). Meanwhile, a second invasion of Teotitlan is launched, now more concentrated around the northwest, so no river has to be crossed. Reinforcements of 5,000 men are deployed to support the invasion, along with more light archers. The Yopitzinco war continues, when the soldiers push farther into their territory. The well known and intensely trained Lipan scouts are hired, to support both campaigns. The good relations to the Mayapan, Tzintzuntzan and Lipan continue. 
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: The Empress of the Aztecs has grown to become a popular figure in Ayiti, both as a symbol of monarchial strength and an inspiration to women throughout the realm. This leads Ayiti to send a group of envoys to Mexico, with hopes of improving relations with the Aztec Empire.
  • Thule Empire: Nitasina will not stand in the way of the Thule Empire. They say that "Ishtuashu shall be the last and only city to fall into Inuit hands," but it will only be the first and foremost. King Kumaglak sends reinforcements to his troops in the war. He sends an army of 15,000 (including 2,000 mercenaries) to defend against the Innu. He calls in his allies, the Beothuk, the Mi'kmaq, the Powhatan, and other AIC members, to help. (BEOTHUK, POWHATAN, AND MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE) He also asks of the Iroquois, St. Lawrence Iroquois, Neutral Iroquois, Central Cree, and Wessex to join the AIC. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) King Kumaglak attempts to placate the Naskapi by giving them a degree of autonomy. They will be able to make their own laws and have self-rule, but they will still be subordinate to the Thule. 
  • Tarascan Empire: Conquer Tonallan with 120,000 troops with state of the art equipment. Improve agricultural methods. (Where did my ships from my last turn go?) 
  • Lenapehoking: Additional expeditions are sent from the colonies in southern Iberia, which make further contact with the peninsular tribes to the east. It is discovered that most of the peninsula is joined in a confederacy not unlike the nations of the west, and is centered around a city the natives call “Rome”. Although still vastly primitive compared to the west, the city stands out as impressive for native savages, and traders begin to head toward the city in search of fortune. A series of expeditions encounter that the peninsula is culturally different from the natives of Iberia and beyond, and the governors in Iberia decide to trade weapons with the Romans, in the hopes of creating a client state to aid them against the common Celtic enemy. Elsewhere, [in 1532], the Vettones invade south against the Celtici, and the nation decides to aid them. A segment of land is desired in order to link the two Iberian colonies, while the eastern one-half of the Celtici is given to the Vettones. Heavy conversion of the natives begins, with missions being established to spread the Algonquin/Mississippian faith.
  • Natchez Kingdom: Spirited Wolf, the aging Great Sun, continues his reign into the beginning of this decade. The lands formerly held by Acolapissa are now a thriving part of the integrated Natchez realm. Spirited Wolf, in the meanwhile, becomes convinced that the Chitimacha are encouraging smuggling of goods outside of the Natchez lands, and so decides that his next course of action must be to conquer the smaller kingdom. Spirited Wolf deploys the full force of the Natchez military onto the Chitimacha realm, including our newly constructed modern navy. In total, 25,000 troops, well-equipped and well-trained due to the royal largesse from trade, descend upon the Chitimacha principality. The bayou terrain is not overly difficult because of the training that has taken place in the delta of the Great River. The navy launches a full blockade of Chiitmacha, meaning it is just a matter of time before the smaller state surrunders. Elsewhere, news of the increased number of settlements in the New World sparks an adventurer, Heavy Rain, to appeal to the Great Sun for financing of a grand voyage. The Great Sun grants permission to Heavy Rain contingent upon the Natchez victory over the Chitimacha.
  • Guarani Empire: Following the encounter with the Amoratahe and the exchange of maps a new profitable trade route would be opened connecting the Guarani lands and the northern continent with this an unforseen amount of exotic goods from the north would now be traded in the ports of the nation. This new economic opportunity is welcomed by the Emperor, who would incentive and Guarani merchants, raising their status and privileges gradually hoping to capitalize on the expansion of this sector and social class. By 1531 the first phase, one-half of the 20 Years Project would be completed with the nation´s agricultural output now being severely strengthened by the massive number of irrigation works built. The second phase would begin, now seeing the construction of an extensive road system to connect the nation´s major cities and also integrating with the fast waterway transportation when possible, providing maximum efficiency. The road network would take heavy inspiration from the state of the art Incan roads, with Guarani observers and engineers being sent there to study their working. Incan engineers would also be hired to help with the construction.

1535-1540

The Innu counterattack against the Thule results in a decisive victory for the Innu, with the city of Ishtuashu be recaptured, and the Innu advancing into Thule territory. The Thule suffer 3,910 casualties, while the Innu suffer 1,880 casualties. In southern Nitasina the Mi’kmaq are repulsed, with the Mi’kmaq suffering 2,850 casualties, and the Innu suffering 2,040 casualties, which leads to Mi’kmaq withdrawing from the war. Nitasina’s allies launch an attack against the Thule in western Naskapi, successfully raiding along the western coast of OTL Quebec.

The Iroquois succeed in their invasion of the Saint Lawrence River region, successfully establishing client kingdoms in the region northeast of their core territory. They begin building a navy at their ports along the river.

A nobleman named Oswallt assumes the leadership of the Chiefdom of Cornwall, and begins war against the Powhatan using Innu guns and supplies. Initially the Cornish gain the upperhand, successfully killing 80 Powhatan settlers at a town north of their main settlement, and winning a battle months later against 150 Powhatan militia, in which 65 men are killed.

With the arrival of Powhatan reinforcements, and with the Innu seemingly abandoning the Cornish completely and dismantling their settlement, the Cornish are cornered at the Battle of Tshissekauassi, which results in a Powhatan victory. The Cornish suffer 1,090 deaths in combat, as well as numerous civilian deaths, and 1,000 people captured, while the Powhatan suffer 320 casualties in battle and 700 casualties from disease throughout the campaign. Elsewhere, the Powhatan attack against Scotland results in the Powhatan achieving victory in a battle, with the Powhatan suffering 850 total casualties and the Scottish suffering 1,200 casualties.

The Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland and Ellesmere Island) elects to break away from the Thule Empire, with a local nobleman named Aassanaaq being elected its commander. While primarily focused on the defending the kingdom from the west, he also orders the seizure of Iceland, as well as several newly created outposts made by Kalaallit people in the east (OTL Jan Mayen and Faroe Islands).

As King Bolanos II of Miskito left no will of direct succession, his second son Kumkati seizes control over western Nicaragua with an enclave of military retainers. He tries to enforce a gavelkind succession over Miskito where the second son has equal inheritance of land.

The Kingdom of Brittany rejects the offer from the Aztec Empire, and launches a number of raids against their settlements on the tip of the peninsula. Elsewhere, just as they had razed the attempted Powhatan settlement around the same location, the southern natives also manage to sack the Aztecs’ colony at Pohtocan.

The Tarascan invasion of the Tonallan Kingdom results in a stalemate, with the Tarascans not being able to seize the region. The Tarascans suffer 12,540 casualties, while the defenders suffer 11,010 casualties.

The Natchez invasion of Chitimacha results in a decisive Natchez victory, with the Natchez capturing the region. The nation of Natchez suffers 4,020 casualties, while the nation of Chitimacha suffers 8,060 casualties.

The Powhatan invasion of Nanticoke results in a stalemate, with the Powhatan unable to take the region. The Powhatan suffer 2,900 casualties, while the Nanticoke suffer 3,110 casualties. The Nanticoke request aid from several nearby nations, leading to a coalition of Totelo, Susquehanna, and Tuscarora declaring war on the Powhatan.

The second Aztec invasion of Teotitlan succeeds, with the Aztecs managing to capture the region, and concluding the wars with Teotitlan and Yopitzinco. The Aztecs suffer 21,900 casualties, while the defenders suffer 25,100 casualties, and numerous civilian losses.

The Assyrian Siege of Babylon results in an Assyrian victory, with the city being captured by the attackers. The Assyrians suffer 18,590 casualties, while the Babylonians suffer 15,000 casualties, as well as the loss of numerous civilians. Babylon’s remaining allies largely make peace and withdraw.

The second Western Cree invasion of the Woodland Cree results in a Western Cree victory. The Western Cree suffer 3,990 casualties, while the Woodland Cree and allies suffer 5,000 casualties. The Woodland government elects to surrender, however, a rogue prince named Piapot decides to continue holding out, controlling the eastern one-half of the nation centered around the coast. His efforts also attract the attention of numerous other Cree nations, who said small amounts of aid.

  • Abenaki: To the End of the World starts to be published in our colonies after Timsé Mopi returns from the mainland. Timsé, himself, starts an expedition to the south, eventually landing in Cornwall in 1531. There he establishes friendly relations with the Powhatan colonists, who tell him about the colony and their war with Cornwall. These facts are later reported to the mainland, where Tohi Nakeziz compilate it as the Book of the Powhatan Colony, which is published in 1532. Meanwhile, in New Abenaki, the local settlements are prospering and the harvest is plentiful. This led to more colonists migrating to there, which are mainly farmers and traders, what led to the expansion of the villages there. These settlements soon start making their own infrastructure and establishing their own schools, independent from the mainland's will. In Copperland, the copper trade and mining is prospering, and Mopi is becoming bigger and bigger. Trade with the natives supply the local population with food, which is possibilited by their peacefulness. Now in 1534, an expedition led by Timsé Mopi and Kanzi Witts land in OTL Rouen, which is called Riverplace by the expeditionaries. The contact with the natives, although is apatical, but suficiently harmless to justify a colony there. Kanzi Witts, after the expedition, establish an outpost there in 1535.
  • Miskito: Atl'ii, seeing that he won't win a civil war, makes a deal with Kumkati so heAtl'ii becomes dukes of Atl'iisa (Senegal colony) and the Miskitan nation will be a dual monarchy with Kumkati and Bolanos ruling together, Kumkati acceptes and become Kumkati I and his brother Bolanos III. Kumkati gets final say and since Miskito is no longer an elective monarchy the Elder Council is abolished. Kumkati start the construction of the Kumkati University (Focused on Math and Medicine), the Bolanos military Academy also gains a lot more student and the Miskitan army grows.
  • Atl'iisa (Miskitan colony): With the return of Atl'ii a river festival is thrown by the river Bola. Atl'ii also tries to make the local tribes join the colony with promises of Education and slaves, his goal is to get the colony to the size of Miski (OTL Saint Louis Region) [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED].
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah (Powhatan): Construction of the Great Bay Bridge stalls temporarily, due to a great rebellion taking place across the Eastern Shore. Totopotomoi and the liberal humanists organized a large rebellion across the nation of Nanticoke, who held the most partisan feelings since the conquests of Wahusunocock. This organization was alternatively known as the extremist Nanticoke, or the Totopotomoya. The King Opchanacanough dispatched 24,000 troops and one-half dozen ships to re-assert control over the region [algo request]. The king moves on after this to declare any seditious philosophy to be illegal, and expulses the Totopotomoya completely from the nation. These partisans move to the eastern lands for a new home, and settle in large numbers around the towns of New Mattawoman and Leerdoun (London). The kingdom directs all its colonial efforts toward consolidating power over the island of Britain, seeing it as the most important asset of the entire colonial empire. From his capital in New Mattawoman, Morohatan sets up fortifications of a defensive border just past the Fed country, as well as in the north of Scotland as far as Inverness. He continues to negotiate an offer of alliance to the Saxon people, allowing each Germanic tribe to rule over lands in the central part of Britain in exchange for Powhatan suzerainty [MOD RESPONSE]. Generally, however, the kingdom began to face a problem with sustaining a high population over the colony, and so was forced to abandon the idea of direct rule. Instead, King King Opchanacanough commissions the creation of the New Powhatan Trading Company, a private company run by Morohatan which will be financed by Bank of Sicoke and the King. Working as an independent company, Morohatan hires irregular mercenaries to begin training a new world army, as well as loaned armies of indigenous Saxons. They also reach out financially to a variety of nations across the East Coast, asking if private individuals from Delaware, Ayiti, Roanoke, or Innu could be paid well enough to settle in the new world. On top of this, African slavery purchased from Ayiti increases dramatically, as slaves are put to work to set up corn and bean fields across New Powhatan. These three factors of mercenaries, slaves and Totopotomoya begin the slow "melting pot" of colonial settlement in Britain. The canal and connecting aqueducts tot he North Landing River is now completed. A total of 45,000 troops are raised for the defense of the nation, stationed alternatively at the banks of the Potomac, North Landing, and Conestoga Rivers in defense against invasion from any nation. They aren't stationed specifically in those regions, but in the general areas to strike against invading forces detected in those general locations. The defenses built up along the inner banks of the rivers, and the outposts along the canal system help to keep the enemy at a distance during any attack. Heavy artillery such as Great Bombards are also utilized to scatter enemy forces. The navy is deployed to completely blockade off the Delmarva peninsula, which should have prevented any supplies or communication to Nannticoke, and forced them to a nation-wide siege on their poor, mostly flat and sandy resources ages ago, but nontheless becomes critical during this campaign. 
  • Aztec Empire: The recent conquest of Teotitlan and Yopitzinco brought fame and prestige to the empress, as it shows the might of the nation. The court sees the importance of a strong partner in the Ayollohco Mehxico (Caribbean), and welcomes the new friendship to Ayiti. Even though the expansion of the empire has come far in the recent decades, smaller pockets of independent nations and kingdoms, remnants of the flower wars, still exist. To solidify the nation, a conquest of the Metztitlan kingdom is launched with 30,000 men, 300 cavalrists and 1,000 archers as support. The most trusted generals are sent there invading from the southwest, so that the forces are bottled up between two rivers in the capital. The southeastern flank of the nation is also invaded in a way smaller fashion, just to keep resistance at a minimum. The already conquered regions are put under the "Law of Approval" as well and thus are part of the central government. The tariffs for merchants are still very low. Gold, jewelry, agricultural products and textiles are sold for profit mostly to the north. The navy grows to a size of 150 ships, most of them are used for trade. This navy comes into importance as the natives of Tlaloctetl are becoming increasingly hostile. The ships are sent there to fortify the colonies of Moctezumacan and Cuauhtlaihtic with solid earthworks and stone walls, and 200 men to defend it. The southern colony that was sacked recently, is found with very few people hiding out in the region, surrounded by natives. An invasion of the Pohtocan peninsula is made with actual soldiers to sack the settlement and conquer the natural harbor. 
  • Beothuk: Seeing the aggresive exansion into Britain by the Powhatan, the colony in Wales experiences a massive exansion covering OTL one-quarter of Wales and stations 15,000 troops there. The great fort of Wales and vinholm is finished and staffed with troops. To celebrate the birth of Crown Princess Hea´ther, a big celebration is held all over Beothuk.
  • Assyrian Empire: With the conclusion of the siege and capture of Babylon, King Elihu embarks upon a campaign to destroy all Babylonian culture and religion. Idols are smashed, temples torn down and replaced with churches, priests and priestesses put to the sword and the flame, and countless thousands of Babylonians forced to resettle new lands away from one another. Forced conversions are made and resisters put to death on the spot. With the overwhelming show of force in Babylon, the surrounding countryside is cowed into submission, and accept the word of God as the one true faith. Many of the families formed by the Assyrian soldiers during in the siege take up residence in the city, with thousands of Babylonian widows forced to marry their new rulers. King Elihu himself was personally involved in the rape and impregnation of several hundred captured women during the siege upon the consent of his wife, who herself delighted in the shame brought upon the Babylonians for reasons known only to her. The bastard daughters of Elihu, rumored to number more than a hundred, are brought to Nineveh to serve the queen in a variety of tasks, ranging from keeping tabs on other members of the nobility as servant girls, spying on commoners as young prostitutes, killing political opponents by gaining the trust of certain undesirable nobles as courtesans, and as political pawns sealing alliances between noble families and the king's household, though without endangering the inhertiance of the king. Assyria incorporates the able-bodied men of the old Babylonian territories into its own fighting forces, mixing them into the armies various units, and establishing two new provincial sharu, six reserve sharu, and one imperial sharu for the city Babylon. In a show of respect, Elihu and his family provide his deceased grandfather with a proper burial according to Christian traditions, making the public well aware of which religion the kingdom shall have without confusion. Elihu has all of his male relatives from the city of Babylon put to death, while he forces his grandfather's remaining female cousins to convert to Christianity and marry into the Assyrian nobility. Elihu forces his eldest unmarried cousin, Gavrila, into a marriage with him and forcibly takes her virginity in public at the top of Babylon's largest ziggurat, with his wife, their children, and the Assyrians of the city cheering on his conquests, while the Babylonians dispair at their defeat and subjection to Nineveh. Gavrila gives birth to a daughter conceived on that day whom she names Marah, meaning "bitter" in light of the circumstances involving her conception. With the birth of Marah, Elihu cements his grip on power within Babylonia. State scribes and court officials are posted in Babylon, and two new provinces are established in the former territories of the Babylonians, and the former nobility reorganized according to Assyrian standards, neutering their political power and threat to the king in Nineveh. A road leading from Kar-Shamash and Rapiqu are built heading south, passing through the city of Sippur and then on to Babylon. A fortress is constructed along the city walls of Babylon, where the sharu of Babylon will be garrisoned, and several outposts along the road are constructed to allow the merchants travelling between Assyria to Babylon are safe from harm. Kish and Nippur are expanded to accomodate larger populations as thousands of Assyrians move from the north into the newly conquered lands. Along the Tigris, the use of metal plowshears expands to nearly every Assyrian city along the river, allowing for larger yields during the harvest seasons. These larger yields result in a relatively large population boom within the western one-half of the kingdom, with tens of thousands of new births supported by the increased food supply. Likewise, the growing prosperity of Assyria has attracted many foreigners to the nation seeking a better life for themselves in the urban centers of the country. They are required to convert to Christianity and speak the Aramaic language to obtain residency, but are otherwise welcomed to join the subjects of the realm. In the far west, trade with the Phoeniciansis encouraged by the king, who wishes to expand the influence of Assyria beyond its borders and into the wider world as the nation deepens its trading relationship with the Levantine city-states and the Egyptians. A trade delegation is sent into Egypt to promote trade with the Assyrian people, and to highlight Assyrian culture and society as boons to the elite class of the land. Cultural pursuits in Assyria are expanded as the relative peace following the war with Babylon has allowed many of the middle class inhabitants of the cities to explore new hobbies and study the arts and sciences looted from the ancient city of Babylon.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: King Aucamar dies content in Xaragua, his favorite city, now an increasingly built up and fortified port thanks to his defensive measures. He was supposed to be succeeded by his son, Bobana, but his son's accidental death at sea throws a wrench into the works, causing a mild dispute for the succession. Aucamar's daughter Inea is elected by a special council meeting on the premise that she will one day bear a son worthy of her father's name; however, within the first month of her reign it soon becomes evident that she plans to keep power for herself indefinitely. Despite resistance from the Council of Elders, political rivals, and her own family, Inea manages to consolidate her position as Supreme Cacikea of Ayiti and silence her opposition. She passes a series of economic reforms, stabilizing the nation's currency, and also elevates the Cacicazgo of Zui to provincial kingdom status at the behest of popular sentiment. While this is happening in the Old World, the colony on the island of Raroko (Sardinia) expands significantly. New settlements in the north and south supplement the main city of Yayeke. A settlement is founded on Bociba (Corsica) as well, called Tralera. Contact with the natives is peaceful for the most part. Goods and ideas are traded freely between the settlers and the native Nuragic and Torrean civilizations. Ayitians are particularly fascinated by the nuraghes (stone towers) of the Sardinian people, of which many drawings are made. News of Italy to the east soon reaches the Ayitians, who begin trading with the Romans and other nations who live there. At first, the peninsula is mistaken for an island, and then for the edge of the Mediterranean Sea. In 1533, however, a sea passage is discovered around Sicily, confirming that Italy is in fact a peninsula. The Ayitians establish several colonies on Sicily and a base on Malta for further expeditions to the Eastern Mediterranean. The Strait of Messina is named Cayo Jatibonicu, after its discoverer.
  • Nitasina (Innu): With the First Northern War nearing completion, the future of Nitasina and her allies comes into question. Mashku I announces plans to amend the MUN to an economic but also military pact called the Tshiuetin Atueianakau Mamu Shimakanish Kanieuatsheu (TAMSK), or the Labrador Pennisula Alliance [for] Economic and Military [Cooperation]. Any nation currently in MUN is invited to join the MKS post-war if they wish. However, the current war shall not be forgotten. With the Mi'kmaq retreating from the war with minor territorial concessions given to the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), the southern flank is finally secure. The standing army fighting in the south are redistributed in the north. Once the army reaches the north, the 5,000 mercenaries hired are thanked, dismissed, and paid for their fighting. The army (16,000 in total) is told try to secure the peninsula under Innu control to finally unite the Innu of the Atueianakau Tshiuetin (Labrador Pennisula), reach the gates of Kuujjuaq, and potentially siege the city if too many losses aren't taken on the way there [War Algorithm Requested]. If the army does siege the city, siege weapons are brung up north to help the siege through improved infrastructure. The navy is sent to patrol the coast, intercept reinforcements from Thule allied countries, watch for an invasion, and block the St. Lawrence River to the Anti-Innu Coalition (AIC).
    • Colony of Akamit Tshissekau: Although not being able to defend against the Tenakomakah before, contact with the natives gives an idea to the escaped Kurnish. The natives claim to have driven the Aztecs from their lands, along with stories of Powhatan being driven away farther south. As soldiers cannot be diverted from the mainland due to the current war, but money/goods can, as many locals as possible (up to 10,000) in good fighting shape, especially those involved in driving the Aztecs away, are hired to fight through the barter system of furs bought from traders and other resources (as the natives don't have a real form of currency) and given the choice to use firearms or use their traditional weapons against the Powhatan in the north to help retake the Cornish land. These are also accompanied with the Cornish men who decided to come to escape the Tenakomakah, used to help navigate the lands, find good strategic positions, and find resources. [War Algorithm Requested]. Meanwhile, contact with the natives are made, and to avoid another hostile confrontation, the colonists assert that Akamit Tshissekau is a trade post. However, some land is used for farming to make the colony less reliant on imports, especially on food.
  • Lenapehoking: After the sudden emergence of numerous Ayiti trade posts all across the eastern sea, the nation increases its ties to the Roman state, forming an official alliance. A trade post is established southwest of the southern island [Sicily], at a harbor region [OTL Carthage]. Later, this port is used as a base for exploration to the far east, with the southern coast of the sea being followed. The Egyptian kingdom is made contact with, and the nation extends friendly relations to them. Expeditions along the coast of the southern continent [Africa] continue, with more southerly trade posts being established for buying slaves, and also to be used as stops for further expeditions [OTL Bissau, Freetown, Takoradi].
  • Guarani Empire: In the year 1536 the Great Mburuvicha Arandikatu would die of natural causes in his chamber at the age of 63, a great funeral would be held in the capital shortly after. The people would grieve the death of the great ruler that brought upon prosperity to the young nation. His second son, Marangatvicha would be crowned Emperor at the age of 38, the new monarch would continue his father´s policy and work to finish the 20-Year Project. The last five years of the endeavour would see the continuation of roadway building now firmly based on the very advanced Incan road engineering, also having the expansion of Guarani harbours and shipyards to accomodate the growing commercial activity at sea with the northern Ayitians.
  • Western Cree Confederation: Supreme Chief Cicetacac issues a final ultimatum to the rogue prince Piapot, stating that if he would not surrender, he would be executed upon capture. Conversely, if he surrenders, he would be granted a pardon, in addition to being permitted to retain his properties and financial assets. Due to the lack of any prime pasturelands, the recently-captured Woodlands Cree peoples (organized under the "Northern Territories") render tribute to the Three Cities in the form of corvée labor or in the form of wood products (such as charcoal, timber, pulpwood). However, this is comparatively lenient compared to the tribute obligations imposed upon the Plains Cree, who have to fulfill a quota in grain (maize), as well as bison products such as furs, leather, and tallow. To aid administration, the inhabitants of the Northern Territories are required to adopt a surname (either a matronymic or a toponymic name, though a few base it upon their clan's founding member). The Supreme Chief orders the invasion of the Swampy Cree – who is suspected of giving aid to the Woodlands Cree. The successful conquest of it would also isolate the Woodlands Cree, thus forcing it into submission. Religious heterodoxy continues to flourish – especially due to the relative leniency of the Board of Rites. Cree spa culture continues to develop, with wealthy mercantile families patronizing the construction of stone or brick-based bathing facilities for hygienic purposes, relaxation, and for the larger ones, physical activities. While most rely on private funds or charity, a few also begin taxing users. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. The construction of secular or non-defensive brick or stone buildings – instead of traditional timber, within the Three Cities region, continues. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.

1540-1545

The colony of Riverplace founded by the Abenaki is attacked by the local Kingdom of Normandy, which razes the Abenaki colony, and kills or drives away its settlers.

The Powhatan invasion of Nanticoke results in a Powhatan victory, with the Nanticoke capital being captured. The Powhatan suffer 6,090 casualties, while the Nanticoke suffer 8,400 casualties. The defense of the northwest results in a Powhatan defeat, with the Powhatan suffering 5,870 casualties, the Susquehanna suffering 1,970 casualties, and the Tutelo suffering 1,000 casualties. The defense of the south results in a narrow Powhatan defeat, with the Powhatan suffering 1,750 casualties, and the Tuscarora suffering 1,540 casualties. The coalition demands that Tenakomakah relinquish Susquehanna’s former territory, withdraw from Nanticoke, release Chesapeake as independent, and cede minor land to Tutelo.

The Kingdom of Wessex rejects the offer from the Powhatan, and immediately attacks the colony of Leerdoun, as it is in the vicinity of some of the nation’s main population centers. The nations of Kent and Mercia are more open to working with the foreigners, and chooses to align with the Powhatan in exchange for weapons, goods, and land from Wessex.

The Aztec invasion of Metztitlan results in a decisive defeat, with the Aztecs suffering 9,800 casualties, and the defenders suffering 3,980 casualties. The nation of Metztitlan offers to pay tribute to the Aztecs if they withdraw. Elsewhere, the region of Xonochco launches a revolt against Aztec rule, with the region declaring its independence. The Aztec attack on the Pohtocan peninsula results in an Aztec victory, with the peninsula being recaptured. The Aztec suffer 80 casualties, as well as numerous settler and allied casualties, while the native defenders suffer 2,900 casualties.

The Innu invasion of Thule region of Naskapi results in a decisive victory for the Innu. The Thule suffer 4,850 casualties, while the Innu and its allies suffer 4,000 casualties. With the fall of Kuujjuaq, the Thule Empire largely fragments into its initial kingdoms. The largest piece of the former empire becomes the Kingdom of Nunavut, which unites the nation’s mainland territory outside of Labrador. The Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat becomes de facto independent, and extends friendly relations to the Innu in order to protect itself, however, they suffer a defeat at the Battle of Iqaluit, which sees them cede their territory west of Greenland to the Kingdom of Nunavut. The Kingdom of Nunavik, proclaimed by a nobleman named Pitseolak, retains control over what remains of the Labrador peninsula, as well as some minor island possessions.

  • Powhatan: A total of 62,000 troops are sent to expulse the invasions of Susquehana and their allies from the west. 34,000 troops are regrouped from the previous attack, 14,000 are moved over from the war in Nanticoke and an additional 14,000 are raised. These troops strike on two flanks in a southeastern and eastern directions, utilizing the hill country of central Maryland to station troops on successive high grounds, before striking against oblique enemy flanks. Field cannons and bombards are employed to aid in skirmishing. Another 7,300 troops are sent to destroy the southern invasion: 3,300 left from the previous invasion and an additional 4,000 sent from Nanticoke. Negotiation is sent to the Appalachian kingdom, since their interest have historically been in the mountains and have no reason to be concerned of the Chesapeake bay, and they gain absolutely nothing by helping Susquehana. Furthermore, we offer instead to open direct trade and technology investments from the coastal trade through the mountains [Mod response]We further ask on our alliances with Ayiti, Beothuk, Delaware, and Ronoake to help defend the nation from invasion because we are in desparate need of help. Ronoake specifically should keep in mind our enemy is bordered by the Outer Banks Defensive League, which has for a long time been a rival to their nation, and similarily Delaware should have much to gain by warring with Susquehana. Meanwhile, Morohatan and the NPTC make war against the Wessex people, raising 550 men for the assault, while calling in his alliances with Mercia and Kent to partition the Wessex territory between them. Unfortunately, this left Morohatan to be in conflict against them and the Cornish natives as well, as the recent actions of the Innu stired up discontent around Tintagal. A substantial number of troops in addition to the standard garrison are stationed to keep peace in the region. Meanwhile, the religious elites at the University of Mattawoman consult the scriptures of their research in due dilligance, carefully divining what strange of force of nature compels the nation to so limited in military capacity during this time of greatest need. 
  • Miskito: With more and experienced soldiers King Kumkati invades OTL Costa Rica. He delays the construction of the University. During his time leading troops in the campaign Kumkati was reported to have had drowned but rumors say that the formers Electors choked him to death, with no heir his brother Bolanos III becomes king of Miskito. On the 15th of March 1541 while he was walking around his library the former Electors jumped on him and stabbed him to death, when the Electors realized that an envoy from the Colony had seen them so they killed them each other. Atl'ii, hearing of this, quickly seized power and again became King Atl'ii I. Atl'ii keeps on the assault [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. He also changes the name of Kumkati University to Atl'ii University.
    • Atl'iisa (Miskitan Colony): With Atl'ii gone the people elected a young commander named Eltac'a to lead them, He keeps on trying to integrate some local tribe
    • Bannabas (Miskitan Tributary): The Costa Rican invasion so they invade Costa Rica[Mod response needed]. They are very happy that Atl'ii took over.
  •  Choctaw: Chieftan Hiloha IV comes to power at age 17. Settlers move up the Mississippi to inhabit all of OTL Mississippi state. Warrior class begins to gain prominance.
  • Assyrian Empire: The expansion of Assyrian dominion within the region of Mesopotamia continues without halting. Cultural works from the great cities of Nineveh, Nimrud, Assur, and Arrapha spread throughout Mesopotamia, flooding the region with Assyrian ideas and philosophy, and attracting many bright minds to the kingdom to study at the feet of famed Assyrian scholars. The Assyrian tongue grows in prominence as the subject populations find themselves increasingly scattered and isolated from one another, forcing them to integrate into the expanding Assyrian population and identity. Indeed, many of the new additions to the imperial population come from the children of the soldiers who conquered much of the region in the name of King Elihu decades before. Much of the damage done to the infrastructure of Babylon during the great siege has been repaired, and the walls and city gates have been completely rebuilt according to the Assyrian standard. The Assyrian bureaucracy has since entrenched itself in the governance of the city, developing a merit-based system of recruitment and advancement, reducing much of the corruption and waste that took place under the former nobility of Babylon. Many new churches are erected throughout the city, as the new way of life grows to encompass nearly all of the inhabitants in the area. Priests baptize newborn children, marriages are officiated in the churches, all records pertaining to the life and death of the citizens are kept by the church with the blessing of the royal government in Nineveh. New roads are constructed between Sippur and Kish, interlocking the economies of those two cities with that of Babylon's in a triangular system. The industrial development of Assyria begins to take hold as the needs of the army see the development of state-run production sites, where swords, spears, armor, helmets, clothing, and tools for combat engineers and horses, are produced in the major cities to ensure that a sufficient supply of arms and armor are provided to the soldiers as they grow in number. The increase in the state workforce has necessitated the introduction of a new medium of exchange for them, as though the supply of food has increased dramatically, the payscales between the various ranks of the bureaucracy and the military have resulted in a vast increase in food consumption not reflected in the actual population of Assyria. In line with this development, King Elihu decrees that a new medium of exchange as based off of that of the nations will be adopted. The state workers shall be paid in currency known as eteru (meaning "to pay"), which shall come in denominations of gold hurasu, silver kaspu, and bronze siparru. One gold hurasu shall be equal to ten silver kaspu, which in turn shall be equal to a hundred bronze siparru. The primary wage of the state workers shall be paid in the bronze denomination, while larger state transactions shall be made in the gold and silver denominations. The new economic reform of the king is well-received within the state workforce, as many of the laborers find themselves able to purchase goods that were once too expensive for them to acquire through the bartering of food or items available through their previously non-monetary wages. The spread of the currency system is relatively slow, though the king utilizes its slow growth throughout the kingdom to micromanage its adoption by the inhabitants, and ensure that the adoption of the new currency will proceed without issue. Queen Gavrila gives birth to two sons, Adonia in 1542 and Epha in 1545, while Queen Temara gives birth to a son named Hevel in 1545 as well. These recent births have risen the number of legitimate offspring belonging to King Elihu to a total of 16, while his bastard daughters number more than a hundred. Many throughout Assyrian social circles thus take to calling their king "Elihu the Bull", referencing his aggressive foreign policies, physical strength and prowess on the battefield, and his now legendary virility. Trade with the eastern nations continues without pause, with many Assyrian traders setting up businesses and markets throughout the Levant promoting their wares. Assyrian goods begin to flow into the region as the growing prosperity of the kingdom results in thousands of subjects using their wealth to purchase land beyond the borders of Assyria, and can now be found in large numbers residing in enclaves throughout the Middle East. The use of metal plowshears has moved on to the eastern one-half of Assyria along the Euphrates River, where thousands of farmers make immediate use of the tool having been informed of its superiority by their colleagues in the other part of the country. Now exposed to the primary population centers of the country, the metal plowshear completely revolutionizes the agricultural sector of the economy, making the plow of the soil far easier than in the past, and increasing crop yields exponentially. The following harvest is so great and unexpected, that many of the crops cannot be collected and are left in the field to rot. By the middle of the decade, the use of the modified agricultural tool is widespread throughout all of Assyria.
  • Aztec Empire: After the first great loss in a war for years, the Metztitlan compromise is accepted, and they are welcomed as a vassal state. They do not fall under the Law of Approval and are not directly ruled by the Hueyi Tlatoani themselves. Instead, the kingdom will pay imperial taxes and is obliged to participate in any war the Aztecs are fighting. The problem in Xonochco isnt solved as smooth as the foreign affairs, as 50% of the army around (100,000 men) is sent to the region immediately to crush the revolt and murder the entire court if they refuse to admit their faults and recognize the empress as their righful ruler. The relatively small Pacific navy supports the invasion, coordinating invasions at five different beaches. To pull the generals from the colonies, the Nahua Colonial Conglomerate is founded to deal with colonial trade and security. The NCC is less patient when it comes to bringing native territory under Aztec control, and launches an invasion of 500 soldiers and additional mercenary pirates against the Kingdom of Brittanny. Pohtocan, meanwhile, expands farther around the complete bay, bringing several villages under their influence. Similar to Moctezumacan, the city is heavily fortified. The product of wine becomes a popular luxury good from the colonies, additionally with ores from the deeper unknown mainland the NCC trades for. The reform of the tax system is tackled with a great survey, where hundreds of officials are told to report the wealth of a chiefdom in the empire by the amount of corn and cotton it can produce. They would be taxed then accordingly, instead of a constant tax rate. 
  • Abenaki: After managing to evacuate the surviving settlers of Riverplace, Kanzi Witts lands in OTL Cardiff, where he founds Witts City. The existance of the settlement is reported to Mopi City by the allied native chiefs and traders. Interested in expanding the colony in response to the expansion of Beothuk in Wales, the local governor, the former explorer Timsé Mopi, start the building of the Welsh Road, connecting Witts City and the capital of the colony, with the consent of the local chiefs, who agree to turn their realms in protectorates. The New City soon become an hub to commerce with Powhatan settlers, who trade guns and sheep in exchange for copper. This attract more habitants to the place, mostly Abenaki and Welsh. Sheep farms start being created in the neighbouring regions of the Welsh Road by this time, what decline the trade with the Powhatan a little. Meanwhile, in New Abenaki, the arriving of sheep to the region revitalizes the economy and make people start going further into the interior of the island with the consent of the welsh chiefs, who help them sometimes. Meanwhile, in the old world, news of the "sheep revolution" are reported to O'Zaliz, who start taxing it in order to get funds for scientifical innovations. Better muskets are invented by this time and implemented in the army. Now returning to the New World, in 1534 Kanzi Witts leaves Witts City and start a large expedition to revenge the raid of Riverplace, with circa of 1800 man, mostly Welsh and Abenaki, and equiped with muskets and cannons. the expedition land in former Riverplace in 1535.
  • Tarascan Empire: After an unsatisfactory invasion of Tonallan, we will send ambassadors to the city of Tonallan (accompanied with a small force of guards). Our demands to Tonallan are: "You shall become a tributary of our empire, but retain more autonomy than most. You will also be exempt from having to provide a large number of troops for our army except in extreme cases. If you do not comply, we shall send another huge army to raze your lands." The construction of an imperial library as part of the university of Tzintzuntzan starts, and many Mayan and Aztec books are translated and made copies of. Another issue that needs to be addressed is that of the Aztec reformists. Many of them had fled to our nation and have lived their for 20 some years. We grant them official sanctuary and some minor philosophical positions at the university for the best of them. For fear of angering the Aztecs, we do not support the movement as of now. Integration of Colliman continues, and we will send a small fleet with 100 settlers to the island of Socorro in the Revillagigedo islands that we discovered around 50 years ago. We hope to obtain three ships from the Aztecs for research via trade. (YCASTO RESPONSE NEEDED. IT DOESN'T HAVE TO BE THIS TURN). Development of weapons continue in the university and in numerous military academies across the nation.
  • Western Cree Confederation: A legion is dispatched to the territories formerly under the jurisdiction of the Woodlands Cree. Due to the lack of coinage to pay them, the veterans are given land grants as payments – however, in effect, this helps consolidate their loyalty to the Three Cities by cultivating a power base within these territories. Meanwhile, it is decided that the territories under the Woodlands Cree shall be integrated into the Confederation rather than being a semi-autonomous constituent (with its own mandala system). As a result, the settlements are mandated to give tribute either in the form of material goods (timber and other wood products – principally charcoal) or in corvée labor, with the latter usually being taken in the construction of villas for the newly-settled veterans of the war. After reports of several Woodlands Cree being taken hostage as war captives (the historical source of household slaves), the Grand Council officially bans the enslavement of other Cree people – penalizing the military servicemen who have taken part in the practice (with leniency) while also compensating the war captives with land grants and tax exemptions. The Supreme Chief declares war on what he deems as the "Axis of Evil", and sends a reinvigorated force to the Swampy Cree to stomp resistance to unification. Meanwhile, he and the Chiefs of War (the heads of the legions) draft a document outlining the military doctrine of the Cree – stressing the achievement of decisive defeats through heightened mobility, inflicting attrition followed by shock, and psychological warfare; all principles stemming from the equestrian nature of the Plains Cree. Religious heterodoxy continues to flourish, with mercantile families (or other families of wealth) sponsoring the construction of increasingly-large and elaborate religious buildings. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. The construction of secular or non-defensive brick or stone buildings – instead of traditional timber, within the Three Cities region, continues. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.
  • Nitasina (Innu): With the Great Northern War coming to an end, so does the Thule empire, and the tree brothers have long last been united. The MUN is amended into the TAMSK as planned, and all current members of MUN are invited to join (Mod Response Requested). Naskapi is integrated as a core part of Nitasina, with a shared culture to the rest of Nitasina. The city of Kuujjuaq and areas around the Koksoak River are occupied, and renovations are made. The statue of Tulugaak is taken down, and the university in the city is renamed to Kuujjuaq University. The great library housed inside of the university sees a massive project undertaken, in which Innu scholars add books and transcribe other books into Innu-Aimun. Scholars also begin teaching Innu-Aimun in Kuujjuaq University as well. Friendly relations with Kalaallit Nunaat are made, although a war against the Nunavut is avoided, and so a formal alliance is not declared. However, some equipment and aid is sent to Kalaallit Nunaat. A swift invasion of the so called "Kingdom of Nunavik" is made with 10,000 soldiers, attempting to finally unite the peninsula under one nation (War Algorithm Requested).
    • Colony of Akamit Tshissekau: The reconquest of Cornwall shall begin. 2,000 veterans from the Great Northern War as well as 1,000 hired natives from France make their way to the former settlement of Tshissekauassi to take back the colony (War Algorithm Requested). If Cornwall were to be retaken, the colony would be de jure run by Nitasina, but de facto by the newly created, government sponsored Innu Tshishtashkamik Ataunnu Uikanishimeu (ITAU) (Innu Europe Trading Company), due to the large Innu population that would be living in the colony, and the native Cornish chiefs that cooperated with the Innu in the very beginning. Meanwhile, in France, Akamit Tshissekau continues to grow as a trade post, expanding to the islands of OTL St. Anne. Cooperation with the natives continues, with land "bought" by trading goods.
  • Muskogee: The land of Owvlane (OTL Cape Verde), especially Heruse (OTL Praria), is fruitful, full of life for our people, one where we can last for generations and generations throughout all time, even if our homeland falls to invaders. This flourishment of the Muskogee people is threatened, however, by the sudden arrival of the Ayiti on the Ovwlane islands, on a settlement known as Ocahura. Thus, two sudden occur, one onto the colony Ocahura and the other onto the coast of OTL Puerto Plata Harbor
  • Guarani Empire: In the fortunate year of 1541 the great 20 Year Plan initiated by the now deceased emperor Arandikatu would finally come to an end. A census would be held in the same year to evaluate the effects of the project in its entirety and adapt the administration to the changes. The imperial treasury would be emptied and indebted after the expensive undertaking. However, the census result would show very large growth in virtually all sectors of the economy. Irrigation works would boost agricultural output, of both crop and animal products, leading to population growth and increase in revenue. The build up of the road system would improve every part of the economy, with now efficient communication and faster travel of goods and people along the Imperial roadways better connecting settlements and production hubs. The commercial boom kickstarted by the arrival of the Ayitians carries on, with more foreign traders arriving at the expanded ports and more domestic traders going overseas. With bigger then ever revenue streams the imperial treasury would be expected to recover in a decade or two. The end of the program would also solidify the rule of the new Emperor who is hailed for completing it. Marangatvicha would refrain from starting any further expensive undertakings and wait for the coffers to fill again

1545-1550

The invasion of the south by the nation of Miskito results inconclusively, after a rebellion begins in the north of the nation. Several of the former electors of the nation, or their relatives, march on the capital with an army, which limits the invading army’s ability to proceed.

The Aztec invasion of Brittany results in a decisive Aztec victory, with the Aztecs suffering 110 casualties, as well as the loss of numerous allies and mercenaries, while the Bretons suffer 1,840 casualties. The remaining kingdom submits to the Aztec demands. Elsewhere, the Xonochco rebellion ends in an Aztec victory, with a total of 22,900 casualties being suffered from combat, which cripples the Aztec’s war making ability in the region.

Settlers dispatched by the Abenaki to found Witts City at OTL Cardiff soon discover they are in the heart of Beothuk territory, with a Beothuk city only a few miles away. Local settlers attack the Abenaki, destroying the settlement at Witts. Meanwhile, Timsé Mopi’s road scheme proves to be a financial and logistical disaster, as he discovers the interior of the region to be very difficult to traverse, and is unable to secure builders or materials when surrounded by hostile forces. In the south the Raid on Riverplace results in an Abenaki victory, with the Abenaki suffering 340 casualties, and the Normans suffering 1,800 casualties.

The nation of Tonallan rejects the offer from the Tarascan Empire, deciding if the Tarascans invade again they will defend their land instead of submitting. Additionally, Tonallan forms an alliance with Xalisco and other neighboring nations, who wish to band together against both Tarascan and Aztec expansion.

Numerous explorers around the Mediterranean Sea and continental Europe report back to the western world that plague has spread to the native population there, and it is believed they possess no forms of medicine due to their primitive nature.

Famine befalls Tenakomakah, as large portions of the population are pressed into service, and hostile armies plunder parts of the nation. A figure from one of the ancient merchant families of Chesapeake, Totopotomoi, declares the city independent once more, while alongside allied soldiers. Meanwhile, while in the east of the nation to avoid the war, the king’s family discovers the king’s young son Necotowance to have died under suspicious circumstances, with Totopotomoi being suspected of ordering assassination.

This goes unbeknownst to the king, who leads soldiers into battle against Tutelo, securing a decisive Powhatan victory. The battle with the Tutelo results in the Powhatan suffering 5,870 casualties and the Tutelo suffering 7,740 casualties. However, Opchanacanough dies in battle. With succession unclear, some look to the late king’s great niece, Cockacoeske, while another individual appears claiming to be Necotowance, having miraculously survived his assassination a few years prior. In the north the nation also secures a minor victory against the Susquehanna, as they retake the remains of Rappahannock, but they are unable to capitalize on the victory further, leaving the rest of the north and northwest under Susquehanna control. The Powhatan suffer 8,300 casualties in the campaign, while the Susquehanna suffer 5,940 casualties. The southern attack results in a Powhatan defeat, with the Powhatan suffering 3,280 casualties, and the Tuscarora suffering 2,820 casualties.

The Powhatan actions in Wessex result in a Powhatan victory, with the King of Wessex, Alfred, being killed in battle near Leerdoun. The Powhatan suffer 180 casualties, the Powhatan allies suffer 950 casualties, and Wessex suffers 3,150 casualties.

The Innu invasion of the Kingdom of Nunavik results in a decisive Innu victory, with the Innu capturing the entirety of the Labrador Peninsula. The Innu suffer 1,640 casualties, while the Inuit suffer 3,000 casualties. The Innu invasion of Powhatan Cornwall results in an Innu victory, with Powhatan’s allies being driven from the western end of Cornwall. The Innu suffer 490 casualties, while the Cornish suffer 910 casualties.

Famine strikes the Western Cree, partially due to the large number of men continually being raised for long durations of time. The Western Cree invasion of the eastern Cree results in a stalemate, with the Western Creen unable to capture the east. The Western Cree suffer 5,340 casualties, while the eastern allies suffer 4,200 casualties. The eastern alliance offers a peace treaty, in which the Western Cree will be allowed to retain their territorial possessions, if they agree to cease invading any other Cree nations, repay the nations they invaded, and agree to not attack any other Cree nations for 30 years.

The Muskogee attack on the Ayiti colony of Ocahura results in a Muskogee victory, with the colony surrendering without opposition. A minor skirmish near the island soon after results in the Muskogee losing one warship, while Ayiti loses two minor ships. Near Puerto Plata Harbor, the Muskogee are defeated at sea, with the Muskogee suffering the loss of eight ships, while Ayiti suffers the loss of two ships.

  • Beothuk: Outraged that foreign nations are establishing settlements in Wales, the Queen sent the imperial cavalry there and demands that Abeneki abandon Cardiff or face consequences. The previus expedition to Wales managed to take control of 60 percent of OTL Wales and a second expedition is planned which will be led by the queen personally. Libraries and extensive road systems are built in all our territories but the roads in Wales are only open to Beothuk and its friends.
  • Abenaki: After receiving the warning by the Beothuk, our king demands the immediate split of Wales between us and them and the end of any Beothuk expedition into the land. Meanwhile, in Copperland, Timsé Mopi just managed to evacuate the habitants of former Witts City, who founded Sheep City near the Welsh Road, and is trying to appease the Imperial Cavalry and the Beothuk settlers, justifying that a friendship between both settlers will be beneficial to the two sides. In New Abenaki, the colony is prospering and now encovers 25% of the island, with the biggest cities being O'Zaliz City and Irish Town. Some chiefdoms have been allying with the settlers there, managing to unify a big part of the island using firepower against their enemies. Now in Riverplace, after the successful retaking of the former colony, the army of Kanzi start marching until the capital of Normandy, trying to raid everything in the way. they eventually reach there in 1547 and start a siege there. Now returning to the mainland, O'Zaliz is reported of the campaign of Kanzi Witts, that he sees as harmless and offers to him being a loose protectorate of the Abenaki. he accepts it because his original intention was remaking the Riverplace Colony.
  • Miskito: With the Electors angry King Atl'ii offers them that Miskito becomes againan Elective Monarchy and Atl'ii will still be King. They accepted. With the Electors taken care of the 7,000 troop army marches down to Costa Rica [Mod Response Needed].
    • Bannaba (Miskitan Tributary): The 3,000 troops march upward on Costa Rica [Mod Response Needed].
    • Atl'iisa (Miskitan Colony): 800 Colonists try to settle OTL Louga [Mod Response Needed]
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah (Powhatan): A time fit for a golden age of colonization and unification had inexplicably transformed into a dark age of sectarianism without any logical explanation, such that even the scholars of Mattawoman are baffled. The rest of the vast Powhatan military from ancient times had mysteriously vanished in a puzzle that scholars consider even to this day, and the famine appears at the peak of the regions economic and agricultural output. Nonetheless, Morohatan in Britain worked tirelessly to export agricultural relief back to the home land. He was temporarily forced to restructure the economy of the NPTC as a result of the war near the Bank of Sicoke. Instead, he supplemented the finances of the nation by creating a system of tributaries along the subjugated Saxon kingdoms, namely Mercia, Kent, and Wessex. He likewise utilizes these allies along with 2,200 troops to retake Cornwall and drive the Innu from the region, and create whatever defenses necessary to prevent people from just waltzing in in the future. The navy likewise blockades the ports at Tintigal during this expedition, and permanently remains until further notice [algo]. The western border of the NPTD is kept at the Severn River to respect the colonies of Beothuk and Abenaki. At home, the nation became somewhat divided on the royal succession, due to the matrilineal system of their ancestors. Cockacoeske becomes primarily supported as the legitimate Queen, referred to as Weroansqua in the Powhatan language. Necotowance, her supposed brother, manages to attract a significant but smaller following, essentially comprising the local Ogimates along the southwestern Chesapeake coast. Although the two claimants personally denounced the claim of the other, they mutually considered the integrity of the nation to be a higher priority. Necotowance led 14,000 troops to destroy the southern invasion, and another 5,000 troops to subjugate the Chesapeake and crush the Totopotomoya once again. The navy almost entirely pledges allegiance to Necotowance, and likewise moves in to seize control over all the ports around Chesapeake which they were already harbored at. Cockacoeske herself dons a customized silver armor, with the royal crest of Wahusonocock on the breastplate, and leads 41,000 troops against the Susquehana. Cockacoeske was known as a genius of artillery, and worked out a new form of tactics to utilize field artillery for the first time in the history of the east coast. The foundries at Rapppahannock work around the clock for new artillery pieces, to ensure beyond a shadow of doubt that the Susquehana remain inferior to our tactics. We once again call on our allies of Delaware, Roanoke, Ayiti, and Beothuk to send support to help us
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: The Ayitian diplomat states that, regretfully, Ayiti cannot come to Powhatan's aid because it is fighting a defensive war against the Muskogee.
  • Beothukian Response: 1,000 soldiers -including the first musket brigade - are sent to help Powhatan in their war. The queen herself travels there to help wit the war effort. As a precaution she names her daughter as the heir apparent.
  • Choctaw: At the orders of Chieftan Hiloha IV the first nationwide building project beginning in 1545 would construct a wooden bridge over the Mississippi River, although due to lack of construction knowledge the bridge was very unsafe. The Warrior class is given the name Chicku and are mostly infantry. For the first time a call for relations with local tribes is made. (RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Salish Kindom: The walls of Dwuamish are completed, standing 30 feet high, and 20 feet thick. Suiattle IV leads his force of 15,000 against the Yakima, seeking to make their lands his. About 3,000 of those troops are longbowmen, the glory of the kingdom. 8,000 pikeman accompany the force, with about 300 light cavalry in support of the force. 1,000 armoured heavy cavalry operate as a reserve, part of diminishing social class of knights. 2,000 of the troops wield firearms, due to the disappointing lack of longbowmen showing up for recruitment. The remaining 700 troops are various non-combatants, such as wagon drivers, or physicians. The army proceeds through the Snoqualmie lands, and on to the pass, where the army is still well-supplied due to the supply caches. The Selah people are aligned with against the Yakima, with the promise of less taxes. Salish ships begin to map the coasts of the Aleutian Islands.
  • Assyrian Empire: Seeking to further ensure the centralization of Assyria under his rule, King Elihu establishes a courier network spanning from one end of his kingdom to the other, connecting the imperial government of Nineveh to the rest of the realm, allowing governors of the provinces to remain under the constant supervision of the king. Utilizing the expansive road network built under his rule and that of his father's, Elihu's network of messengers are able to move rapidly between all of the major cities of Assyria within a matter of days. Courier stations are constructed along the road networks of Assyria, with room and board for riders and fodder and water for the horses, allowing for the rapid movement of messages between the cities of the kingdom. Hundreds of couriers are hired on by the king to serve as his new couriers, while the best mounts available to Assyria are reserved solely for the king's messagers. With the new network implemented, a message going from Nineveh to Babylon takes approximately two and one-half days, while a message going from Tuttul to Ur takes nearly five days. With the overhualing of the messaging system of Assyria, Elihu is able to receive and dispatch orders to his subordinates without delay, while news from distance parts of his nation of great importance reach his ears swiftly. Seeking to to expand his realm further, Elihu decides that the time has come for a grand campaign of unification, to bring all of Mesopotamia under his rule. With all of the land from the former Mitanni territories to the north, down to the former kingdom of Babylonia in the south under the direct rule of Elihu, only the realms of the free city-states in the southeast and Elam remain free from his rule. So as to rectify that, Elihu mobilizes all four of his imperial sharu and all 30 reserve sharu of the empire, bring his total force to some 122,400 soldiers. The 11 provincial sharu comprising some 39,600 troops are left to defend the realm while Elihu marches to war. Accompanying him on his campaign are his two eldest sons, Prince Amiram and Prince Elika, both of whom command two of the imperial sharu of Nineveh, seeking to make a name for themselves in the field of battle in Elam. The Assyrian army swept through the territories of the south, devastating entire regions and wiping out resistance to the kingdom's expansion. City walls are torn down, mighty men vanquished, and villages pillaged, the Assyrian advance into the south moves on slowly yet methodically. The eldest son, Prince Aharon, remains in Nineveh to head the ruling council of Assyria and direct it in his father's absence. Seeking to maintain the policies of his father, the prince instructs his councilors to direct the furthered expansion of trade with the east, extended Assyrian trade influence throughout the region, and utilizing the large Assyrian population in the area to obtain a strong foothold in the Levant's thriving markets.
  • Aztec Empire: As the Bretons bow their knee to the Empress, their king is rewarded with keeping his power and life, yet he is now a Tlatoani by law, and thus he falls under the Law of Approval. Due to the completely different languages, a transscription for the Breton language is made, based on the Aztec alphabet and spelling system. This takes a while, considering that Breton does use sounds that are hard to pronounce for a Nahuatl speaker and vice versa. The Aztec diplomats and scolars learn of a script from the far west which is used by the Pohtocan natives for religious purposes. It has 25 letters instead of 20 like the Aztec alphabet and can represent in way more sounds. For example, Nahuatl has has only four distinctive vowels, Breton posesses has 10, while some of them can be additionally nasalized. So, a hybrid alphabet is designed, the numeral system of the Aztecs (almost identical to the mayan system, but flipped 90° to the left) is introduced officially. Nahuatl becomes a lingua franca among scolars and nobles in Tlaloctetl. The capital is officially Moctezumacan, yet Brest is where the Breton king resides. Meanwhile, the area around Pohtocan is colonized further, with various settlements founded there. Sheep become increasingly popular and their wool becomes very profitable. The wool of sheep is relatively easy to produce and way less labour intensive than growing cotton. the NCC (Nahua Colonial Conglomerate) concentrates on exploiting ores, selling wool and wine. further exploitation with an effort to connect the Breton and Aquitanian regions. Region around Pohtocan is given the name Acuītan, coming from the native Occitan word Aquitània. After the Xonochco rebellion is crushed, the rulers there are executed and are replaced with a wise and loyal Tlatoani. Tarascan request for three ships is accepted, with ships build especially for them by the NCC.
  • Muskogee: Embolded by the victory at Ocahura, the colonial fleet moves to expel the Ayiti from the Wolof Empire, driving them out of what is named the Hvcce-este-lvste (River of the black people, OTL Gambia River), settling on Ena Island (Body Island, OTL Kunta Kinteh Island) Simultaneously, a settlement is established named Cutke Island (OTL Gorée, Dakar, Senegal) Meanwhile, we lay claim to to the Western Hvsaklatkv (OTL Western Canaries). The defeat at Puerto Plata Harbor sends the Muskogee Fleet in full retreat to the Muskogee home waters, building coastal defenses to counteract and defend from Ayitian reprisal, the nine ships lost being immediately ordered to be reconstructed with the navy being upgraded and modernized, not just ships, but in naval strategy and tactics too. As the Ayiti invade our shores, the Muskogee Fleet is split in two, ten warships in the north, ten ships in the south, the Ayiti forces in the center. Canoes are quickly constructed and set ablaze in fire and are sent directly to the Ayiti Royal Fleet. After this initial wave of fire canoes, the Muskogee Home Fleet descends upon the Ayiti position from the north and the south with full force, crushing and surrounding the enemy on all sides, firing upon their positions. An attempt is made to capture an Aylian galleon, to take it and copy its design and implement it into our navy. On the colonial front, Muskogee the colonial fleet retreats Ocahura with the arrival of the Ayiti Colonial Fleet and sets sail into the Mediterranean, first attacking Ayiti colony of Yayeke and capturing it before sailing north to attack and capture Tralera. After the capture of Traelera, the sailors travel farther north and make landfall in OTL Genoa, which they name Enhesse (Friend), named for the friendship that blossomed out of this long and perilous journey of war. A strong fort is constructed in Enhesse, with some of the sailors making settlements further inland in case of an Ayiti naval counterattack
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in I comes into power after the death of his father. He attempts a more peaceful approach with Nitasina than his father. As such, he proposes an alliance and trade deal with King Mashku II. (NITASINA RESPONSE NEEDED) Curious about the tales of faraway lands, Mu'in sends an expedition to explore the eastern continent. His expedition explores around the Iberian Peninsula, through the Strait of Gibraltar, and along the southern European coastline down to the OTL Ligure Sea. The leader of the expedition reports back to the king with the many odd native cultures that had been contacted during the expedition, from the Cantabri of northern Iberia to the Roman Confederation of Italy. These tales intrigue King Mu'in. Meanwhile, in the New World, Mu'in attempts to improve his kingdom. In Mniku, the Mi'kmaq capital, Mu'in University is built. It contains the famous Library of Mniku. The royal palace in Mniku is renovated. Meanwhile, a road system is built spanning across the Mi'kmaq mainland, and more lumber mills are built across Mi'kma'ki to take full advantage of the forests of Mi'kma'ki. King Mu'in proposes a trade deal and alliance with Queen Hea'ther of Beothuk. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED) He also wishes to trade with the East Coast nations of Lenape and Powhatan. (POWHATAN AND LENAPE RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: The seizure of Ocahura by the Muskogee presents a problem for Ayitian colonialism, as the island group was Ayiti's primary base for trade with the kingdoms of Macanike and a launching point for expeditions to the Mediterranean. Governor Mabodomaca's surrender of the colony without a fight is widely seen as a shameful act of cowardice, tarnishing his reputation despite his good record of developing the colony in the past. Supporters of Mabodomaca would later claim that his decision saved the colony from destruction at the hands of the Muskogee. Either way, Ayiti is faced with the choice of how to respond to the invasion of her territory. Initially, the Council suggests a diplomatic approach. But the attack off the coast of Maguá—one of Ayiti's constituent kingdoms—prompts Supreme Cacikea Inea to declare war on Muskogee, not willing to tolerate incursions into Ayitian soil or Ayitian waters. Furthermore, she decides that Ocahura is an integral part of Ayiti's colonial empire, and sends a fleet of 32 warships to recover the colony, carrying a regiment of infantry in seven additional transports, along with seven pieces of artillery. A second fleet of 37 ships is sent to blockade the Muskogee seacoast. These two fleets are the largest assembled by the kingdom thus far, showcasing the might of the Ayitian navy. The shipyards of the Guanabo Bay spring to life at the call of war, producing state of the art vessels with almost mechanical efficiency. Behind the scenes are hardworking laborers who carry out every step of the shipbuilding process, merchants and craftsmen who collect raw materials and mold them into serviceable parts, and various officials who inspect the ships, direct the workers and make sure everything is running smoothly. Overall, the Ayitian Arsenal employs over ten thousand people and can produce a new ship every one to two days. Experimentation by ship designers results in the development of the galleon, a more streamlined improvement on the carrack that has better maneuverability and boasts an impressive armament. Suited primarily to sailing on the high seas, galleons excel in naval combat as well as cargo transport over long distances. They are also known to be highly durable in storms. Several of these vessels are deployed with the war fleets in order to test their strength in battle. Following the brief collapse of authority in the region, piracy makes its triumphant return to West Africa and Macaronesia. Most pirates are Caribbean privateers, granted letters of marque by the Ayitian government to seize cargo shipments in the New World and attack Muskogee vessels on sight as part of the ongoing war. The pirates are allowed to operate as they see fit, with no restrictions so long as they render to the queen a share of the plunder. In other news, Ilumani Muritaro, now aging, is rumored to live in solitude in the Wolof Empire or on one of the Salvage Islands, where he writes his magnum opus. He is said to be a charismatic individual, with several devoted followers who have formed a secret society around his (as yet unpublished) philosophy related to the abolition of slavery, a utopian society, and the coming of the end of the world.
    • New Ayiti: With an outbreak of plague in the Mediterranean, Governor Tainabo organizes relief efforts throughout the colonies. Unfortunately, the natives are unable to be helped. The disease spreads faster than can be controlled, even reaching faraway lands ahead of explorers. Pestilence causes the wholesale destruction of populations wherever it touches, leading to the sudden collapse of the Nuragic and Torrean civilizations on the islands of Raroko and Bociba. The Ayitian colonists are less affected, and, upon moving into native lands, they find uninhabited ruins where flourishing walled cities stood only years before. While the natives are not totally extinct, their populations are unquestionably diminished. The survivors are the ones living in isolated communities in the mountains, away from colonial influence.
  • Nitasina (Innu): The peninsula has finally been united after all these years. As Mashku II, now 25, is suitable for marriage, a royal marriage offer is extended to the Algonquin (nation), which would produce an heir to both kingdoms (Mod Response Requested). TAMSK (comprised of Nitasina, the Algonquin nation, Wolastoqiyik, the Atikamekw (not yet in a personal union until Mashku II takes the throne of both countries), and the Moose Cree), grow economically together, controlling most of the St. Lawrence river trade. A trade deal with Mu'in is accepted bilaterally, not on behalf of TAMSK, although before an alliance can be declared, Mi'kmaq must mend ties with Wolastoqiyik, one of the current members of TAMSK. If Wolastoqiyik allows, the Mi'kmaq are allowed to join TAMSK (Mod Response Requested). An era of peace and prosperity is hoped to be ushered in, excluding minor skirmishes in the new world. Aid is sent to the new world settlers to help retake the entirety of Kurntshassi (Cornwall), especially with the help of ITAU. Control of both colonies continues to be de jure run under Nitasina, but is de facto run by the Kurntsh (Cornish) chieftain and ITAU (due to the considerable Innu population there). Cities continue to grow, especially new northern areas (for trade), along the Hudson bay, and along the gulf of St. Lawrence.
    • Colony of Kurntshassi: Aid from the mainland is used to help attempt to retake the entirety Cornwall back from Tenakomakah, along with the mercenaries from France, amounting to a total of 3,000 troops (with 1,000 mercenaries). A small port, acting as a base of operations, is built, potentially usable for civilian use after Kurntshassi is secured.
    • Colony of Akamit Tshissekau: A port is built at the settlement to allow more trade. Farmland for sustaining the colony is made, expanding the settlement. Friendly and trading relations are maintained with the natives.
  • Lenapehoking: The nation sends supplies and soldiers to establish order in the Powhatan region, throwing its support in the civil war behind the claimant Cockacoeske, and declaring Necotowance to be a false king. It is requested that the queen of the Powhatan be wed to a Lenape king, to solidify our alliance, and the nation focuses on ensuring the queen is successful. The navy is dispatched to crush the rebel navy near Chesapeake, before the army lands to crush Necotowance in battle. His army is thoroughly surrounded and attacked, partially due to the inadvertent aid of Tuscarora. But unlike the coalition, the Lenni Lenape do not follow their same goals, and instead will destroy Chesapeake and his other allies. A second army remains in the north to guard the border, watching for the advancing queen of the Powhatan. In the east a minor war is fought between the Romans and the Celts of the north, with Lenape assistance being given to the Romans. When the Romans come down with the plague, the Lenape request that they exile their sick to the east, hoping to keep the illness away from the Lenape colonies. In the meantime a small colonial army of 500 men is tasked with aiding in the subjugation of southwest Iberia.
  • Western Cree: The offered peace terms are accepted, with the western one-half of the Swampy Cree being incorporated into the Confederation. The Board of Finance begins to exert greater control over the economy. While tribute quotas remain the same, the rural villages are encouraged to cultivate more land, as well as commence the construction of large communal granaries to store the surplus grain. Due to the relative stress caused by the conscription system, a wartime income tax is established, with all individuals being required to surrender ~5% of their income (in coinage, or the equivalent amount in grain) to fund the war effort. Meanwhile, veterans of the two wars are paid not only in coinage or grain but also in generous land grants – this also aids the incorporation of the newly-conquered territories by establishing a secure power base. The country continues to grow wealthy off the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow products; as well as salt, cured meat, and apicultural products. The construction of secular or non-defensive brick or stone buildings – instead of traditional timber, within the Three Cities region, continues. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. Iron plows begin to be used in increasing numbers, as are threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills; thus increasing productivity and extensivity, while facilitating the processing of grain.

1550-1555

The Egyptian Empire annexes most major states in the Levant region as far as Petra and Amman, and vassalizes the Pelestin city-states along the coast. At this point, Egypt makes direct contact with the Assyrian Empire, and as they had been aware of them for some time through mutual trading partners, and offers a more direct mutual trade alliance with the Assyrians.

The native inhabitants of Malta and Italy warn the American settlers about a dangerous, nomadic culture known as “the Sea People”. Stories describe them as performing ritual human sacrifice with their children as well as cannibalism on their captured enemies. The next year, a raid by the several hundred ships appears at the harbor of Carthage, looting and pillaging the native metropolitan and the Lenape outpost of any valuables.

In the Inca Empire, a prominent theologian and amature astronomer named Achik Aymara proposes a scientific theory that the Earth revolves around the Sun, rather than the other way around. He does not have much evidence to back up this claim, but generally relies on the theological texts of the ancient Incas that the Sun is the ruler of the universe. Most traditional astronomers criticize this theory, pointing out that the fixed stars in the sky have no measurable parallax, and therefore the Earth cannot be moving.

After the rapid rise of the Abenaki in Ireland, the remaining Irish kingdoms form a loose confederation, determined to repulse the foreigners from the island. In Normandy the Abenaki successfully take the Norman capital, leading to the kingdom offering peace to the invaders. The Abenaki suffer 340 casualties, while the Normans suffer 1,300 casualties.

The Miskito invasion of the south results in a defeat, with the Miskito suffering 2,490 casualties, and the defenders suffering 1,200 casualties, Meanwhile, the nation of Bannaba declares its relationship with Miskito void, stating that it only agreed to pay tribute to the Miskito on one occasion, not become a vassal kingdom.

The Salish invasion of Yakima results in a Salish victory, with the Yakima surrendering to the attackers. The Salish suffer 2,740 casualties, while the Yakima suffer 4,900 casualties. Afterward, the Yakima urge the Salish to focus efforts against the Shoshone, who previously ravaged the area.

The Assyrian campaign in the south results in an Assyrian victory, with southern Mesopotamia being captured. The Assyrians suffer a total of 21,870 casualties, while the defenders suffer 50,900 casualties, and the loss of numerous civilians.

The Battle of Nansemond, between Necotowance and the Lenni Lenape, results in a decisive Lenape victory. The Powhatan rebels suffer 7,430 casualties, while the Lenape suffer 3,480 casualties. Following this, the Siege of Chesapeake results in the city falling to the Lenape. The Lenape suffer 1,380 casualties, the Powhatan suffer 2,000 casualties, and the defenders suffer 5,400 casualties, as well as the loss of numerous civilians.

The invasion of the Susquehanna results in a Powhatan victory, with the Powhatan managing to push to the original border of the nation. The Powhatan suffer 7,980 casualties, while the Susquehanna suffer 5,600 casualties. The Tutelo continue to raid unopposed in the west, but with the tide of the war turning, offer to make peace with the Powhatan if they cede minor lands in the west to them, and accept white peace with the other belligerents (besides Nanticoke).

The Battle of Kurntshassi, fought between the Innu and the Powhatan, and their respective native allies, results in an Innu victory, with the Innu managing to push the Powhatan to eastern Cornwall. The Innu suffer 890 casualties, while the Powhatan suffer 1,210 casualties.

The Ayiti recapturing of Ocahura is successful, with the island falling with relatively no fighting, however, the Ayiti suffer 110 losses from disease and other causes in the process. In the Mediterranean the Muskogee raids are successful, with several Ayiti trade posts and settlements being raided or captured. A battle off the coast of Muskogee occurs, which results in an Ayiti victory. The Ayiti suffer the loss of five ships, while the Muskogee suffer the loss of eight ships.

  • Assyrian Empire: King Elihu returns from the south after his victorious campaign to unify all of Mesopotamia. All of the southern territories of the Mesopotamia, from Uruk to Susa, have been incorporated into the Assyrian Empire, bring the full length of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers under Assyrian dominion. Massive resettlement of native peoples take place throughout the land, with Elamites being forced into different parts of the country and forced to speak the Aramaic language, while the women and children of those warriors who resisted Assyrian conquest have been given out to the Assyrian soldiers who have now taken up residence in the conquered territories. Forced conversions to Christianity are made, with all of the old temples of the Mesopotamian gods torn down and churches erected upon their foundations. With the unification of Mesopotamia under Assyria, the old pagan faith has been all but destroyed by the Christian armies of Nineveh. All of the priests and priestesses of the faith have either been forced to convert or put to death by the sword or fire, while their followers have fled into the countryside, or lost all will to resist the growing power of Christianity in Mesopotamia. Five new provinces are established by the government, along with five additional provincial sharu and five newly formed reserve sharu. The six destroyed sharu of the army from the campaign are reformed from the ranks of young men from the conquered lands being forced to serve in the king's army as per tradition of the Assyrian people. The complete reorganization and reconstitution of the military's manpower brings it to a total force of fifty-six sharu; five imperial sharu (18,000 troops), 16 provincial sharu (57,600 troops), and 35 sharu (126,000 troops), for a total of 201,600 able-bodied men under arms. The new imperial sharu established in the wake of the conquest by King Elihu, is garrisoned in the great city of Susa in the far southeast of Assyria, where it serves the new governor of the Elam province, Prince Elika, with the elder son Prince Amiram, is given the governorship of Uruk. Both oversee the development of the road and agricultural systems of their provinces and surrounding territory, as well as introducing the Assyrian mode of bureaucracy and nobility into the region, strengthening the power of the king over his new subjects. Upon his return to Nineveh, Elihu rewards his eldest son Aharon for his success in managing the kingdom in his absence, by making him the new governor of Babylon. Aharon and his family travel to the city, and immediately begin instituting reforms to the economic system of the city to pull more wealth from its lands and into the coffers of the kingdom. Aharon likewise ensures that the adoption of the currency system over the old barter system is instituted in stages, allowing a system of uniform scales and measures to grow alongside the coinage economy introduced by his father. This allows merchants to naturally introduce reasonable prices for their goods based on the new money being given to them in lieu of exchanged goods as in the past. Aharon presents his reforms to his brothers serving as governors, and encourages them to adopt his ideas, which have recently been endorsed by their father. They agree to the idea, and slowly begin to introduce the new system in their own provinces with varying degrees of success. Upon returning to Nineveh, King Elihu embarks upon a series of diplomatic gestures to solidify his rule over Mesopotamia. Having been courted by the Egyptians, Elihu agrees to their proposal for a trade pact between the two great nations. A delegation from Nineveh is sent to Egypt by Elihu, headed by his eldest daughter Princess Yaella and her entourage, to accept the trade agreement and to establish a permanent embassy of the Assyrians in the Egyptian capital of Thebes. The growth of Assyrian power continues, with the Assyrian enclaves throughout the Levant promoting Christianity in the region and accepting new converts to their faith. Their role as intermediaries for those seeking to trade with Assyria has given these expatriates great wealth, allowing them to influence regional politics on behalf of the Assyrian government. It was through these merchants that the Egyptians were encouraged to reach out to Assyria directly, and accept a formal trade agreement with the latter. With access to the sea now established, trade with the Arabs in the far southeast along the coasts of Oman begins. Pearls are brought into Assyria while garments and incense are exchanged in return. The southern cities of Assyria grow increasingly wealthy, with the state using the additional revenue provided by their trading to construct state workshops to increase the supply of weapons and armor to the army, as well as organize great public works that solidify the prominence of Assyrian power through roads, irrigation works, and expansion of cities. With the growth of the agricultural revolution throughout the empire, major cities witness their populations begin to peak for the first time in centuries. The great capital city of Nineveh reaches a population of some 250,000 people, Babylon with more than 200,000 people, Ur with more than 65,000 people, and Assur with approximately 50,000 people. Storehouses are constructed in larger numbers and larger sizes, allowing the crops harvested to be preserved rather than rotting in the fields as had been the case many years ago. The development of new agricultural methods in various regions of the empire result in another population boom which witnesses fields producing more food with less labor, freeing up many Assyrians to either move into the cities to work as craftsmen, or to focus on other pursuits such as philosophy and rhetoric in the churches. The Christian scholars of the empire promote their philosophical teachings and scientific discoveries to the nobility, and encourage the wider adoption of the arts as a means of "refining the man within", and taking full advantage of the human mind, body, and spirit as God intended. This results in many nobles taking up physical sports and mental challenged to improve themselves, leading to a request from local elites in Nineveh for a square for physical activities to take place. Their request is granted by the king, leading to many of the urban residents spending their leisure time engaged in sports or other physical pursuits in the new city squares. Queen Temara gives birth to a daughter named Delila in 1552, while Queen Gavrila gives birth to fraternal twins in 1553, Elama and Aviah. Rumors persist that the bastard daughters of King Elihu number some two hundred strong, with most now organized under a shadowy entity known as the Etaku, a secret police force established from the loins of the king himself and loyal to him alone. Having been tested as spies throughout Assyria, the members of the Etaku are able to seamlessly blend into the environment around them, appearing as helpless slave girls, servants, and weavers throughout the empire, but ensuring their father and his government remain ever aware of the various developments taking place throughout the kingdom.
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: The situation in the kingdom had at last been restored to the glorious age it was always meant to be, albeit that the poor king Opchanacanough did not live to see it. Necotowance fled from his initial defeat against Lenape, and was ultimately captured by the supporters of Cockacoeske outside of Rappahannock. After a period of intense interrogation, he admitted to actually being a cup-bearer named Nimatew, who assassinated the real Necotowance in order to seize power for himself. Thereafter he was executed. All the remaining Totopotomoya in Nanticoke and Chesapeake are greatly persecuted, and ultimately exiled to the new colonies in Birtian and Galicia. The nation was greatly rebuilt and reconstructed in various places, creating much larger fortifications and outposts along the border with Susquehana and the west. The Bank of Sicoke profited considerably from the reconstruction, giving out loans to individual Ogimas and cities for each new building project. We extend an offer of trade to the Appalachian Kingdom, rather than needless fighting, to allow their trade network coming from the west and Mississippi to be funneled to the east coast and the Atlantic [MOD RESPONSE]. The Queen Cockacoeske becomes greatly admired as a leader by the whole population of the kingdom. Being both a patron of the arts and a brilliant military commander, the Queen quickly became a standard of beauty and charisma whose legends proceeded her. She had a customized gown of deer fur embroidered with gold and silver for peace, and during war she had a customized suit of armor that accentuated her figure. The Queen accepted to be wed to the King of Lenape, and personally journeyed to Manahattan for the wedding. She allows the Delawarans to freely go to and from the Chesapeake area, and share mutual economy, but in all other forms of administration and military she stresses is not given in dowry. Morohatan works to consolidate control over Britain, establishing the Severn River as border with Beothuk. An offer of further alliance and tributary system is extended to Northumbria, who will be granted authority over the remaining land in Britain not settled. [MOD RESPONSE] A new colony is established in the Lowlands, establishing a city called Suckquaham (OTL Antwerp). Large numbers of African slaves bought from Ayiti are put to work in agriculture across Britain and the Lowlands. The NPTC primarily exports sheep and tin back to the home country. A defense at Cornwall establishes earthen barricades and strategic outposts along the city of Exeter, manned with a garrison of 3,000 troops. These consist of footsoldiers armed with hunting matchlocks, standard cavalry and new types of field cannons used from the civil war. Our allies of the Saxon kingdoms are called in to to fight against the Innu as well, and the navy of six caravel ships and 17 smaller vessels are used to blockade the ports.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Ayiti's recent victories at sea are attributed by military experts to its use of heavy ships, which proved very effective at Ocahura and the Muskogee Coast. The government orders the production of more large ships, further dividing them into three subtypes: the carre or "sea turtle", the camagua or "great sea turtle", and the dujo or "throneship". Ships near the latter end of this scale are more akin to galleons than carracks. After the Ayitian First Fleet recaptures Ocahura, the islands' defenses are strengthened. The remaining 890 infantry are garrisoned at Fort Muritaro, which, owing to its strategic location, protects both major settlements of Ama'zi and Heruse. Some Ocahurans move to the islands of Guatu (Fogo) and Cari (Brava) to get away from the war that threatens the main island of Nacaserra. The coast of Cacimare is again brought under Ayitian control, ensuring the continuation of the slave trade. Outposts built by Muskogee are seized and their merchants are driven out of the region by force. Despite all this happening, the rampant piracy that began last decade shows no signs of slowing down. The pirate attacks are indiscriminate, preventing any settlements from remaining on that coast for very long. This period of relative anarchy leads to the development of an "overseas frontier culture" composed of merchants, sailors, noblemen, fishermen, and a plethora of other people who establish settlements in the New World under their own banners. Ironically, it is due to the noninterference of the Ayitian government that these colonies are able to thrive, receiving passive protection from the royal navy in Ocahura and Senegal, but otherwise functioning as wholly independent entities. They range from fishing villages to pirate republics to vast slave trading enterprises, competing with the Arawaks, Lenape and Mesoamericans for control of Macanike. Many are willing to make agreements with foreign powers to gain an advantage, and some even possess their own fleet of ships for cargo and defense purposes, either privately owned or hired from the Antilles. One such enterprise, centered on the island of Etulá (Fernando Po/Bioko) and known as the Company of the Flaming Sun, manages to control more than one-third of the slave trade in 1552. Taking note of this phenomenon, Ayiti attempts to sponsor loyalist merchants under the new government-backed Macanike Trading Company, but the ongoing war prevents the monarchy from becoming too invested. Nonetheless, the MTC gains a foothold in the Senegal, Gambia, and Casamance rivers, displacing or absorbing other merchants in the area and establishing several warehouses, trading posts and fortresses, with a fortified base of operations at Guarico (Ziguinchor). In 1553, Bairaco Ris rounds the Cape of Storms (Cape of Good Hope) on behalf of the Macanike Trading Company, reaching an unexplored ocean. Subsequent voyages reach all the way up to Mozambique, shedding light on the true shape of the continent. Although it is an undeniable achievement, there is little incentive to go beyond the cape, and journeys in that direction are often long and unpredictable, so few ships actually venture to East Africa. Meanwhile, the Ayitian naval blockade of Muskogee remains in place, preventing any ships from leaving or entering their ports. The Second Fleet administering the blockade is bolstered by an additional ten ships from the homeland in late 1550–early 1551. It is hoped that these actions will sap the Muskogee naval capabilities, weaken their economy, and prevent them from supplying operations overseas. The First Fleet is reorganized under Mabe Uicuen, commander of the newly-christened flagship Cacikea Inea, and redirected to the Mediterranean in pursuit of the rogue Muskogee fleet. There, it is discovered that the Muskogee have been terrorizing the region for some time now. After assessing the damage to the colony in Raroko, Commander Uicuen learns that the sailors from the Muskogee fleet are entrenched at a fort in Genoa. Furthermore, the governor of New Ayiti has relocated to Sicily. The commander meets with the governor at his fortress in the northeast of the island, where the two men formulate a plan to drive the Muskogee from the Mediterranean. Enlisting the help of several hundred colonial volunteers, the fleet sails to Liguria and assaults the fort which the Muskogee had established there.
    • New Ayiti: Following the attacks by Muskogee raiders and the resultant decline of Yayeke, Governor Abey Tainabo moves the center of colonial administration to Sicily, establishing a fortified settlement at OTL Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto. Some colonists migrate here from Raroko or other parts of the island and call the place Fort Tainabo. The governor also attempts to establish a separate fortress overlooking the Strait of Jatibonicu. The men he sent to scout the area, however, report back saying the strait is haunted by strange ocean spirits. Governor Tainabo, a superstitious man, decides against building a fort there. He remains in Fort Tainabo, waiting for reinforcements from Ayiti. Reinforcements soon arrive in the form of Commander Uicuen's fleet, bringing much-needed supplies to the colonies. The governor agrees to help fight the Muskogee, mustering ~100 troops from Sicily and ~250 from Sardinia and other colonies. He accompanies Commander Uicuen to Genoa.
  • Miskito: After the defeat the King decides to send 500 people to explore the Mediterranean sea [Mod Response Needed] they have an extra set of people if they have to emegerncy landing. Atl'iisa also sends 500 people downward to try to settle another City [Mod Response Needed].
  • League of Mayapan: Now that the port and the medium-sized ships are built, we can move to a new and fertile colony. We gather our resources gathered from foreign imports and move to OTL Cacheu, Guinea-Bissau. The league is divided on how the government should be run. The very powerful states of Tutul Xiu and Capul want to keep the country under a confederation, while the other city-states vote to turn the country into an empire, so they can have their fair share of power. [MOD RESPONSE]
  • Beothuk: With Wales and Ireland partioned between Abenaki and Beothuk, a 5,000 strong expedition is sent to expand the settlement in Vinholm and also eventually conquer Vinland fully. Rifles begin being given to all soldiers but are not avalable in full
  • Tarascan Empire: We thank the Aztecs profusely for the ships and make many copies of them. In four years, we have 30 ships based off the Aztec ones. With these new ships meant for deep-sea sailing, we shall send an expedition into the Pacific. This time the expedition shall have greater funding than the last one. Rifles are developed but it is only given the emperor's guard.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in I continues his reign leading the Mi'kmaq into a prosperous time. After the exploration of Europe, a colony is founded in the Cantabrian lands, called Ka'ntimaqamigew. The newborn settlement is named Ka'ntiutan (meaning "town of Cantabria") (OTL Santander). The native Ka'ntipi' (OTL Cantabri) are somewhat hostile to the Mi'kmaq settlers, but our method of buying their land and offering them extensive trade deals has worked to placate them. In Kan'tiutan, a fort and basic defenses are built there. An active naval presence in Ka'ntimaqamigew is established, and some troops are sent to garrison the fort. The colony of Ka'ntimaqamigew expands in its infancy to cover the Bay of Santander and the eastern portion of Transmiera. An exploration fleet is sent to explore the northern Mediterranean coastline, this time going up to the northern Levant. Meanwhile, in the Americas, Mu'in University draws in intellectuals to serve the royal court and becomes a center of culture, art, philosophy, and science. Similar schools are built throughout Mi'kmaq territory. A Mississippian church is built in Mniku (OTL Chapel Bay). Meanwhile, M'jipuktuk (OTL Halifax) becomes a major trade hub for trade between the Southern Coast (OTL East Coast) and the north. As such, a port and marketplace are built in the city. King Mu'in offers to trade with the Ayiti, Powhatan, and Beothuk. (AYITI, POWHATAN, AND BEOTHUK RESPONSES NEEDED) He also wishes to enter an alliance with Queen Hea'ther of Beothuk. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Ayiti agrees to open trade relations with the Mi'kma'ki.
  • Nitasina (Innu): Mashku I dies in bed in 1555, and Mashku II takes up the torch that is Nitasina. He continues the peace that his father strived for. The cities of Nitasina are improved, with smaller institutions taking root. Infrastructure is built around the country, especially along the coast, connecting most major cities. Mi'kma'ki is welcomed into TAMSK with Wolastoqiyik's approval, and although cautious at first (as they invaded Nitasina once), they prove to be a great trading partner.
    • Colony of Kurntshassi: The reclamation of Cornwall continues, with the 2,000 troops from the mainland and 1,000 mercenaries. Kurntshassi (the settlement in place of Tshissekauassi) continues to have its port used, and civilians start to move into the base of operations as well as farm the land around it.
  • Tongva: As conflict in the south escalated, the Shoshone made peace in the north of the western empire. By 1525 they had captured Dá’aw (Tahoe) and the major cities Waashiw, and had advanced far into eastern Modoc, Achumawi, Atsugewi, and Maidu. This war of the northern coalition would end with the Shoshone seizing much of the land around the border, but ultimately not advancing into the empire further. Shielded by the central mountains (Sierra Nevada), the center of the empire remained intact, leaving the south as the Shoshone’s main focus. After the death of the emperor, Cucunuchi III of Yokuts would be elected as emperor, due to his military experience and fervent disdain for the Shoshone, which attracted votes from Miwoks, Klamath, and other electors most affected by the prospect of an invasion. Almost immediately after his election, the emperor expanded the coalition against the Shoshone, primarily attracting southern nation sot his cause. The nation of Tübatulabal fell completely to the Shoshone, putting them on the doorstep of Yokuts. Their armies continued on to the other southern states around Tongva, only halting at the mountains that marked the northern border across much of the nation. Initially The Hub acted as a central point of resistance against the Shoshone, electing a Yokut-Chumash warrior named Yat’eeshanaw Xo’mos, born in a family of wealthy sweat house proprietors, as a leading general. He arose at a time when Ngáchishtemal had fallen into chaos. It is said that cannibalism was practiced by the most desperate desert dwellers of the south, while others turned to kidnapping and slaving. A common practice arose of raiding the southern peninsula, capturing slaves, and exporting them to the north, with the middleman of the Delta becoming rich off the trade. Warlords would brand and tattoo their people and slaves, training large private armies that walked the southern wastes. One such warlord of the peninsula was Kwanamasuplisával (“Six Skin”), so called for his career as part of six cohorts, before he rebelled against his former captor and established his own slaver company. In 1526 Kwanamasuplisával daringly began to raid northward, skirting along the warzone with the Shoshone. He followed the path of exiles and refugees, finding the towns that remained and forcing them to submit to his rule. By the end of the year he accepted a contract with the Shoshone directly, in which he was traded supplies and men in exchange for his experienced scouts, intelligence, and tribute. The warlord would accomplish what the Shoshone had failed to do earlier, when he turned east and crossed the 'Aha Kwahwat to invade the Patayan. Plagued by internal strife at the time of his invasion, the Patayan were unable to mount a proper defense, and were defeated near the city of Huwaalyapay Nyava. After forming an unofficial peace with the easterners, Kwanamasuplisával made this city his capital, demanding that those who sought refuge from the Shoshone pay him tribute. Around the same time, the Shoshone continued into the central valley to the west, winning a decisive victory at the Battle of Baana’an'hiy', against the Yokut, Chumash, Tongvans, and others. In early 1527 Kwanamasuplisával’s ambitions caused him to turn on his former supporters, and he formed an unholy alliance with Yat’eeshanaw Xo’mos and one of the other dominant lords of Ngáchishtemal, Pahinawa. Their triumvirate would reverse the poor fortunes of the war, as that spring a Shoshone army would be defeated at the Battle of Atcamséʼish. The death of the Shoshone emperor, Wirasuap, occurred soon after, which caused a lull in the Shoshone war effort. A temporary peace ensued, as the majority of the nation’s armies returned north. The rise of Cameahwait as emperor renewed hostilities, as he personally led an army to crush Yokut in battle. The triumvirate would be instrumental in dislodging the Shoshone from taking the valley, while aided by Tomasajaquichi IV of Tongva, and other local rulers. North of Wa'aach, another battle would see an army under Kwanamasuplisával and the Tongvan general Lord Isanthcogna successful, however, Kwanamasuplisával would be killed while leading a charge against the attackers. In early 1528 the Shoshone managed to isolate The Hub and surround it, with Yat’eeshanaw Xo’mos only narrowly escaping from the city into the south. He would be disgraced by his former army, and after a brief siege The Hub surrendered. Although partially destroyed, the Shoshone would later declare the city their local capital in the region, and the former epicenter of the anti-Shoshone alliance became a Shoshone headquarters. Yat’eeshanaw would go on to become a minor lord in the far south, eventually turning to slaving and other ways to make a living. After a year in the wilderness, he would manage to talk his way into the Kingdom of the Delta, where he was employed in the court as their desert advisor. The states from Tongva to Salinan effectively became tributary states of the Shoshone, who focused their efforts on an ill-fated attempt to pacify up to the Delta, and other wars in the far north. During the next five years the Shoshone would focus elsewhere, successfully creating tributary states out of their northern neighbors. The western empire would launch a war under its new emperor, Gmok'am'c III of Klamath, which would be far more unified in scope. This war would be far more successful, culminating in the death of Wirasuap in 1535. The Shoshone would largely fragment into various kings, with the southern tributaries in the western empire being liberated. The Hub would remain a Shoshone capital for sometime, as the center of the Degwanate of Jookympin, one of the main breakaway chiefdoms.
  • OOC Massachuset: I know that I picked a pretty small chiefdom to begin with here, but I don't have anything to cite for my population currently... how would I go about estimating my population? (moderator response, please!)
    • Your population is likely a few hundred thousand. -Vand
    • You aren't a chiefdom, most nations in the Americas are urbanized.
  • Salish Kindom: Suiattle IV has subjegated Yakima. He spends the next year solidifying control of the territory and replenishing the army. Supply depots are set up positioning for a southward thrust. In addition, a ship under a mercenary company explores the Aleutian isles.
  • Muskogee: The Ayitian blockade continues, having failing to break through it, crippling our ability to wage war across the ocean and conduct overseas trade. With our home navy rendered ineffective, we turn to the development of our land forces, the dire situation forcing us to take insane means to break the blockade. nd. Artillery is placed all along the coast in the fog of night, cannons firing upon the hull of Aytian ships, the ships subsequently torched by arrows of fire reigned down upon by coastal fire. The rapid advancement of land forces due to the Ayiti blockade leads to the invention of the snaphance, which is used by Muskogee soldiers as assisting fire, 12,000 strong in total to defend the homeland, targeting the masts before some go embarking as boarding parties, 1,000 in number, with the rest of the navy to capture Ayiti ships and take control of them to use the Ayiti's own ships against them, while the rest stay behind for defensive purposes. In order to counter the lack of oversea trade, overland trade routes are both established and developed further across the continent. Muskogee migration into the south (OTL Florida) occurs, where they begin to intermarry into the native populace, setting the foundations for a new people group in the area. The war against New Ayiti also rages on, with the New Ayiti retreating from their former capital, Yayete, we officially assert our dominion over the great city, restoring it and recreating it in our own image, using what was built there and making it even stronger, a fleet of two ships is built there and is sent to the coast of Enhesse to attack the New Ayiti Invasion Force from behind, providing the heavily entrenched army of 100 at Enhesse with needed reprieve, with the inland fort becoming a settlement in its own right named Suletawv (Soldier) in OTL Busalla. Smaller aid is given from Tralera, which also helps with the interception with a ship of its own. With the conquest of Yayete solidified, and the departure of 250 troops from Raroko, the rest of Raroko is invaded. In Western Africa, the expelled merchants set sail to the waters of piracy, purchasing vast fleets and turning into pirates themselves, where they plunder the trade and slave ships of the Macanike Trading Company, disrupting the Ayiti slave trade and profiting from it, amassing an even greater crew, inciting rebellions and open piracy against the MTC in an attempt to throw off their dominance in the region. 
    • Muskogee Diplomacy: We implore any nation to help us uplift the Ayitian blockade of our shores, it's vastly apparent that its navy is far too powerful and in time will surpass us all. The nation who comes to our aid shall be our closest ally, and we will be devoted to their endeavors, we especially reach out to the nation to our immediate south.

1555-1560

In the lands of the Paiute near Pi'a-pa (Great Salt Lake), a priest named Wodziwob begins preaching against the corruption of the Cahokian church, especially criticizing the purchasing of church gifts in order to buy way into the afterlife. He leads the community in a great dance, receiving a vision of the land of the dead, in which he learns that true ascension into the afterlife can only be achieved through unity, divine blessing to pardon sin, and adherence to scripture rather than the words of a Grand Midewinini. After preaching in Paiute for several years, Wodziwob answers a summons to the imperial seat of the Shoshone, where he is attacked and killed by a devout mob while interned for questioning. One of the preacher’s disciples, Tavibo, continues his message, traveling to the nations of the northwest, while in Paiute lands the teachings of the “Ghost Dance” spread quickly.

The Kingdom of Nunavut assumes control over the Scottish colonies of the former Thule Empire, after a small naval force is dispatched to the region, and begins outward expansion once more. The Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat also lands on the Scottish mainland, establishing a colony on the northern tip of the island, after colonizing Shetland and Orkney.

The Iroquois launch their first expeditions of exploration to the east, after building navy at the Saint Lawrence River. Likewise the Cherokee explore along the coast of Africa, and seize the island of Bermuda by force from Boriken.

Several tribes of the European mainland unite to form the Belgae Confederacy, which becomes infamous as one of the most powerful powers of the region. They approach the Powhatan colony on the coast, requesting weapons and aid, and in exchange promise to aid the Powhatan against their enemies.

The nation of Mercia rebels against the Powhatan, after they attempt to assert further control over their lands. Raids are launched into the far south, while in the north, the nation of Northumbria is defeated in a preemptive battle, which sees them forced to submit to Mercia.

A royal marriage formally joins the nations of Meherrin and Nottoway, as a unified kingdom in the mid-Atlantic region.

The members of the Mayapan League agree to centralize the government into an Empire. However, they generally give the condition to have their local states elevated to landed nobility within the new realm.

Heliocentrism spreads to many amature astronomers all over South America.

The constituent states of the West Coast Empire works together in far greater cooperation, utilizing their combined military to keep the Shoshone at bay.

The Innu invasion of Powhatan Britain results in an Innu defeat, with the Innu unable to push into eastern Cornwall. The Innu suffer 850 casualties, while the Powhatan suffer 480 casualties.

The colony at OTL Genoa is captured by the Ayiti with little opposition. The Ayiti suffer 35 casualties, while the Muskogee suffer 70 casualties. The remaining settlement surrenders and is captured. Elsewhere, the Muskogee attempt to break the blockade does not succeed, with the Muskogee suffering 850 casualties in the process, while Ayiti suffers 240 casualties.

The attempt by the Muskogee to “colonize” their southern neighbors backfires, as the nation of Timucua considers their escapades across the border, in which numerous people are killed or kidnapped to “intermarry” with the population, an act of war. Timucua immediately declares war on the Muskogee, mobilizing an army to remove their colonists, before continuing north into Muskogee lands directly.

  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Mabe Uicuen captures the Muskogean forts in Liguria and defeats the last remnants of their naval forces. The forts are quickly abandoned as they suffered irreparable damage in the siege and there are no troops available to garrison them. Commander Uicuen's fleet returns to the Atlantic and combines with the Second Fleet blockade. He conducts raids along the Muskogee coast, attacking ports and seizing offshore islands. Attempts are made to negotiate a peace deal with the Muskogee: Ayiti demands that Muskogee renounce its colonial claims except for the islands of Pimugna (Canaries). They will also cease any acts of piracy or other interference, and pay Ayiti war reparations for the damages caused by Muskogee fleets and the expenses undertaken to fight them. The two nations shall be bound by a 10-year non-aggression pact. Finally, the Muskogeans accept these terms at a meeting with Commander Uicuen. The blockade is lifted and peace is restored, but Ayiti's naval presence remains strong. In Cacimare, the Macanike Trading Company expands under the leadership of Guaora Orocobix, the new Royal Governor of Macanike. Handed the directive to enforce the Ayitian monopoly by whatever means necessary, Orocobix declares war on pirates and non-government entities. On equal footing with the pirates because of limited resources, Orocobix relies on government gold, superior discipline, and divide and conquer tactics to gain an advantage. His main adversary is Yuquibo the Red, a notorious pirate captain from Boriken who once worked for the MTC but is now pitted against them. Yuquibo's gang of pirates seize the islands of Etula and Guatuguey, ruining the Company of the Flaming Sun and disrupting the slave trade. From their island base, they go on to indiscriminately attack Ayitian, Arawak, and Lenape outposts throughout the region. Orocobix responds by sending pirate hunters after them — privateers given a bounty for Yuquibo's head or his capture. He manages to take Axim back from the pirates in 1558, erecting a prominent seaside fort there to protect the factory from further raids. He also establishes new trading posts at Saly and Banjul to open more trade links to the Wolof interior. Also, the island of Ahe (Santo Antão) in Ocahura is colonized for the first time. A settlement called Aniguamar is built at OTL Ribeira Grande, where the settlers plant a variety of sweet potatoes.
    • New Ayiti: Governor Tainabo restores order in New Ayiti and rebuilds Yayeke. He establishes a new settlement in southwest Bociba near the site of an old Torrean encampment (near OTL Olmeto). Colonial expeditions to the Mediterranean resume after Uicuen's fleet returns to Ayiti. Settlers arrive in the Bay of Palma in Mallorca.
    • Muskogee Dip: Having failed to break the Ayitian blockade, we agree to the Ayitian terms, renouncing all previous colonial claims except for Pimugna and repaying for the damage caused by our fleets, in exchange for the blockade to be lifted and a state of peace being restored between our two nations. To further solidfy peace, we propose a state of trade once peace is established
    • Ayitian Dip: Ayiti accepts only a modest trade proposal, still highly suspicious of Muskogean merchants.
    • Muskogee Dip: We accept.
  • Miskito: With the Atl'ii wanting to see Miskito grow under his rule he places 6,000 troops on the Western Honduran border to invade with the tactics from the first Miskitan War The conquest of OTL Nicaragua, where the troops trench themselves underground and wait for the enemy to push and then they shoot or stab upward[Mod Response Needed]. The colony manages to settle the City and name it Ayti in honor to their ally Ayiti. The colony also tries to integrate some of the local tribes surronding Atl'iisa[Mod response needed]
  • Western Cree Confederation: The Supreme Chief, Cicetacac, voluntarily resigns due to old age – much to the dismay of many. His protegé, a young distant relative by the name of Acawasqueiac, is elected into office under the patronage of the former. His admiration of the Mississippian civilizations, as well as his rumored non-Cree ancestry (stemming from his height and fair complexion), however, garners considerable criticism from the conservative members of the Grand Council – particularly from High Chief Miyicowisiwin, who denounces his election as solely due to his relation to the preceding Supreme Chief. In addition, both his rustic "prefectural" ways (including his accent) and contrastingly, his perceived excessive love for high culture (at the expense of practical matters) is often mocked by the members of the Grand Council; many of whom, despite his jovial and lighthearted demeanor, and his good looks, see him as gravely ill-fit for rule. Despite this, he is popular with the masses. While having attained the favor of Cicetacac through his excellent military record, he views them as a morally corrupt institution – referencing abuses of power and illicit usage of intimidation. Thus, he establishes a series of reforms meant to increase the role of civil officials within the prefectures; for example, he hands all parts of the judicial process to civil courts, denies military bodies the right to collect tribute or taxes, and increases the number of civil officials. He also establishes formal advisories to mitigate the power of the prefect. To escape a hostile and scornful court – particularly the harsh remarks of Miyicowisiwin (who has founded the emerging conservative faction within the Grand Council) – Acawasqueiac embarks on a tour of the country. He also sees this as an opportunity to muster popular support, thus solidifying his chances of reelection. Ironically this deepens the rift between him and the Grand Council, with an image of him as a jolly but unintelligent individual coexisting with contrasting notions of him being scheming, manipulative, and authoritarian. While not being a particularly religious man, he does share similar religious beliefs to Miyicowisiwin, who despite cultivating a conservative "strongman" persona subscribes to emerging heterodox beliefs. This agreement manifests in Acawasqueiac's funding of Miyicowisiwin's religious projects, as well as bittersweet privately-sent letters discussing their respective theological position (though the latter's opposition to the former is easily apparent in the public eye). Acawasqueiac allocates a substantial portion of his time to recreational activities – most prominently his past-time of hunting large game; especially bears and elk. While keeping their heads as trophies and their pelts as furs, he donates the meat from his hunting expeditions to the local community via a feast. He also studies local fauna and flora (having an affinity to flowers), and particularly enjoys recording local historical and musical traditions. His tours, however, also contribute to the health of local governments, as he provides the necessary advice as well as financial capital to ensure the proper and efficient implementation of community programs and projects. The country continues to experience wealth due to the export of wool, furs, leather, and tallow (and to a lesser extent, pemmican and salt). In addition, notable domestic industries include the production of bronzeware and apicultural products (honey, mead, beeswax). Within the Three Cities, the construction of buildings in stone/brick, instead of timber, continues, as previously only religious buildings or defenses were built in hard material. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. For example, iron plows, threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills, are all used to increase the amount of land plowed and the processing of grain.
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: With the Mercian rebellion seen as the greatest threat to the NPTC so far, a force of 600 troops are sent to deal with the situation. Mercia is declared to have broken our very generous treaties with them, and thus we have no recourse but to remove their soverignty. A nephew of the last ruler of Wessex, named Elthelwerd, is employed by Morohatan to be reinstated to his kingdom, partitioning the territory of Mercia in the process. He is only asked to raise his own army of Saxon warriors, as well as agree to our treaty of tributary status as Mercia once held. East Anglia, who is still our tributary, is also asked to send support in the war. Urbanization focuses on the north of Britain as well, so that the lands conquered from Scotland earlier are not abandoned. Slaves are still imported to Britain, the largest center of such trade being in Leerdoun. The Lowland colony continues to expand across the basin of western Europe, establishing a new outpost called Providence (Amsterdam). The trade deal with M'ikomaq is accepted. We offer to make peace with Innu and allow them to keep the western tip of Cornwall. Queen Cockacoeske gives birth to her first few children, the oldest is a daughter named Pocahontas. Through her connections in the Lenape court, the Queen manges secure an expedition into the Mediterranean, visitingn the Lenape colonies and charting the entire coast of the Adriatic Sea. A grande fortress is constructed on Assateague Island, which becomes a hub of breeding cavalry horses. 
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in I, seeking to unite the Wabanaki, declares war on the southern nation of Passamaquoddy. He sends 11,000 troops to attack the Passamaquoddy Kingdom. These troops consist of 5,500 infantrymen, 3,000 cavalry troops, 2,300 artillery troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (ALGO NEEDED) He requests the TAMSK and his other allies to send troops to aid him in his conquest of Passamaquoddy. (NITASINA, POWHATAN(?), BEOTHUK(?), AND MOD RESPONSES NEEDED) He also asks of the kingdoms of Tenakomakah and Beothuk to join an alliance with Mi'kma'ki. (POWHATAN AND BEOTHUK RESPONSES NEEDED) The city of M'jipuktuk continues to grow as a trade hub, transforming into a bustling city with busy markets and merchant ships sailing in from both the north and south. In M'jipuktuk, a lighthouse, city walls, church, and harbors are built. Meanwhile, in Mniku, a bridge connecting the isle of Mniku and the island of Unama'kik (OTL Cape Breton Island). In Mu'in University, the intellectuals of the kingdom study old Cahokian architecture. As a result, Mi'kmaq architecture becomes a mix of native elements and ancient Cahokian architectural elements. King Mu'in I reforms the komqwejwi'kasikl hieroglyphic script, creating an alphabetic system (known as lnuwi'kasikl, meaning "Lnu (Mi'kmaq name for themselves) script"). In Ka'ntimaqamigew, iron is discovered and subsequently mined. Due to the new availability of iron, more iron mills are built all over Mi'kmaq territory. 
    • Massachuset diplomacy: While our kingdom was not within the kingdoms you did mention, we are willing to help invade Passamaquoddy if it means being by the shoulder of a more powerful nation.
      • Mi'kmaq Dip: King Mu'in accepts the Massachuset offer to help invade Passamaquoddy.
    • Beothuk Diplomacy: Queen Hea'ther II agrees to send 2,000 troops to help Mi'kma'ki invade Passamaquoddy. (OOC: If you're wondering why I wrote this, it's because Drafigo, the Beothuk player, didn't have time to write a response and allowed me to write it.)
    • Powhatan sends 1,700 troops to our ally.
  • Tongva: After the death of Emperor Wirasuap, a temporary peace with the Shoshone ensued over the south of the western empire, however, this would not mark a complete return to pre-war normalcy. Gmok'am'c III of Klamath would order a daring but costly invasion in the north, in effect to avenge the raiding done against how own home kingdom, despite the south of the empire being more pressing overall. There he achieved numerous initial victories, but was ultimately beaten by a local Paiute general, Numaga, who later became the brother-in-law of the Shoshone Emperor, Washakie. Nonetheless, Gmok'am'c returned to the west with plunder and a desirable peace treaty, which he hoped would ensure peace completely with the Shoshone. This proved initially successful, as Washakie would become preoccupied with civil war across his vast empire. Numerous Degwanates emerged, with the Degwanate of Jookympin showing the most longevity, partially due to its quick assimilation into local southern culture. This kingdom would fall to Winnemucca the Younger, who was the nephew of the Shoshone emperor, and would be centered around The Hub, which was rebuilt as a fusion of both cultures, through the capturing of dozens of local architects and engineers. The last active leader of the triumvirate of Ngáchishtemal, Pahinawa, would die of natural causes during the war against Jookympin, and his empire of the wastes largely fragmented. The nominal heads of the desert would all swear fealty to Jookympin in the coming year, leading to Shoshone consolidation over the south. In 1536 Winnemucca would lead an invasion of the west once more, pouring into the fertile central valley, which was the breadbasket of the west. The states of the region were rallied, from the remnants of the Yokuts, to the Miwok and bay cities, to the imperial state of Klamath in the north. Over the course of the next two years the Shoshone enacted a brutal occupation of the region, stretching for a brief time to even the great bay of the west. Gmok'am'c III would die in 1539, with the throne being hastily given to a leading general, Xigmacse of the Ohlone. Fortunes changed in 1540, as infighting among the Shoshone forced Winnemucca to return east. Additionally, the Kingdom of the Delta would declare war, with the formerly disgraced resistance leader Yat’eeshanaw Xo’mos accompanying the Delta army, and they would be joined by Patayan in the east, who quickly reclaimed its territory up to the river, and Tongva in the west. The Delta’s army would feature an army of their own citizens, which had never before been raised in such large numbers, as well as a giant assortment of mercenaries and slaves, who were highly pricey but experienced in desert combat. The Delta would also experiment with the so called “Ahwitkapa” (Red Man) army, which was an army comprised entirely of slaves, trained since childhood to be highly disciplined and loyal. The war would prove successful, not only in advancing north into the Degwanate’s land directly, but also in forcing the Shoshone to abandon the center of the western empire, leading to a chain reaction across the region. Xigmacse would successfully liberate Yokuts by the end of the year, and in early 1541 secure an important victory at the Battle of Tehachapi. Winnemucca would not be completely pushed out of the region however, and at the end of the year he signed a treaty with the exhausted western empire, as well as with the Delta-led coalition. Elsewhere, Washakie proved to be a successful and influential emperor, as after the conclusion of the civil war in his favor, he oversaw the transformation of the empire into a modern state. Centers of learning were promoted in the capital, where scholars, theologians, writers, and artists were gathered from across the west. It was during his reign that the Ghost Dance reformation began in nearby Paiute lands, which led to a series of rebellions and wars in that nation over the matter of religion. Despite the best efforts of the Cahokians, the Ghost Dance continued to spread, reaching Shoshone lands in the west, and the Sioux Empire in the east. With the Paiute severely weakened, Washakie would order an invasion of the state, successfully conquering the last remaining Paiute kingdom. Unlike his predecessors in the region, Washakie would not outright persecute the religion, instead hoping to use the religion’s message of unity as a way to establish order across the vast empire. In 1559 he would formally convert to the Ghost Dance, which would elevate its spread across the west.
  • Beothuk: Queen Hea´ther I passes away at the age of 92. This saddens the entire population deeply. She is succeeded by her daughter Hea´ther II. Her first act as queen is to send an expeition to the Isle of Man and begins the construction of the Royal tomb of Hea´ther the Great of Beothuk.
  • Tarascan State: In the year 1556, many of the explorers sent to the Pacific returned. Because of some complications involving weather one ship were blown north and has yet to return. They have discovered many small islands which are then called "Kánekuakutsari" (OTL Marshall Is.). Some other islands were spotted on the voyage to this new land but we were unable to make landfall. Kánekuakutsari isn't hard to get to, considering that they are next to two currents going in opposite directions. The islands are sparsely populated with some locals who rely mostly on fishing to sustain themselves and some mysterious plant called "Tarhu" (Taro) which is high in starch and is a good staple crop. The locals aren't very hostile and we mostly leave each other alone. Cazonci Tangaxuan II is delighted at this news, especially considering the fact that these new lands seem to be fertile and that some areas of our land could be cultivated for this new plant. The climate of Kánekuakutsari is hotter than ours, but there is little seasonal temperature change, increasing agricultural output. two ships with 100 colonists each are sent to Kánekuakutsari to accompany some of the explorers who have chosen to stay on the islands. Two-thirds of the ships sent to Kánekuakutsari (four) are sent back to Tarascan ports to be repaired for future use.
  • Massachuset: 1557 sees the Massachuset monarchy begin to place greater emphasis on the once-neglected "industries of the sea", Massachuset's fishing and whaling industries. Viewing them as the keys to promote Massachuset's currently-mediocre economic status, the monarchy diverts additional sums of money in attempts to boost Massachuset's exports of whale oil, cod, and other fish varieties.
  • Tarascan State: In the year 1556, many of the explorers sent to the Pacific returned. Because of some complications involving weather one ship were blown north and has yet to return. They have discovered many small islands which are then called "Kánekuakutsari" (OTL Marshall Is.). Some other islands were spotted on the voyage to this new land but we were unable to make landfall. Kánekuakutsari isn't hard to get to, considering that they are next to two currents going in opposite directions. The islands are sparsely populated with some locals who rely mostly on fishing to sustain themselves and some mysterious plant called "Tarhu" (Taro) which is high in starch and is a good staple crop. The locals aren't very hostile and we mostly leave each other alone. Cazonci Tangaxuan II is delighted at this news, especially considering the fact that these new lands seem to be fertile and that some areas of our land could be cultivated for this new plant. The climate of Kánekuakutsari is hotter than ours, but there is little seasonal temperature change, increasing agricultural output. three ships with 90 colonists and 20 soldiers each are sent to Kánekuakutsari to accompany some of the explorers who have chosen to stay on the islands. Two-thirds of the ships sent to Kánekuakutsari (four) are sent back to Tarascan ports to be repaired for future use. All of the Tarascan settlements are concentrated on the islands in the southern Ratak Chain. Given out now healthy sums of fish, we begin to smoke or dry it to make it suitable for export. (Who wants fish?)
  • Nitasina (Innu): Nitasina now lies sleeping. Peace with the Tenakomakah is accepted, and 4,000 troops are sent to help the Mi'kma'ki. With the Abenaki disregarding Akamit Tshissekau's existence in Normandy, 2,000 soldiers, along with some mercenaries, are sent to assert dominance over Akamit Tshissekau and potentially take more land from the Abenaki. Offers are sent to the captured Normans, saying that if they support Nitasina, they will gain partial autonomy like the Cornish, with joint control over the area between the former Norman chief and ITAU (Mod Response/War Algorithm Requested). Infrastructure is improved along the coasts. A royal marriage offer is extended to the Algonquin (nation), which would produce an heir to both kingdoms (Mod Response Requested).
  • Assyrian Empire: The adoption of the new currency system has been declared complete by the various state scribes of Assyria, who send the report of the development to the king. Papyrus scrolls are imported from Egypt by the merchants of Assyria, who promote the scrolls as an excellent replacement for the clay tablets utilized by the scribes and scholars of the nation. Many of the philosophers of Assyria who experiment with papyrus take a liking to the writing medium, and replace their works with it entirely. While the tablets are not replaced by the Assyrians for their record-keeping, many scribes have taken to using papyrus for the bulk of their duties while using the tablets for long-term documentation to ensure their works are preserved. Cultural developments through Assyria continue without cease, with the literacy rate of the empire growing slowly, as more and more Assyrians take up reading of philosophy and poetry. Many attend the lectures given by the wise men of their cities in the increasing number of city squares being constructed by the king and his council per the request of the upper class communities of the kingdom. Physical exercising and listening to public lectures become popular pass-times within the major cities, while the period of general peace and growth allow for an era of prosperity throughout Assyria. Trade with the Arabs of the Arabian Peninsula grows under the direction of the governors of southeastern Assyria, with the port of Ur serving as a major center of transit for the pearl trade from Oman and the movement of goods from the interior of Assyria into the Arab homeland. King Elihu calls upon Prince Aharon to serve as the regent of Assyria as he falls ill in his old age. Satisfied with his accomplishments and the unification of Mesopotamia under his reign, Elihu gives a public speech accounting the successes of his rule and the future growth of Assyria possible under the leadership of his son. He withdraws from public life to spend his final years in peace enjoying his luxuries and spending time with his family. The various members of the Etaku, consisting of the bastard female offspring of the king, come to Nineveh to watch over Elihu in his old age, and ensure that his wishes are fulfilled. They charge Prince Aharon with maintaining the ranks of the Etaku in the manner of their father, and thus present themselves as the means by which the organization shall remain fully staffed. Believing that as they were established from the loins of a king, the Etaku leadership agree that it shall expand only by means of the loins of a king. With the blessing of his father, Aharon begins to father dozens of offspring with the various members of the secret police force of Assyria, who are handed over to the organization, while the boys are secretly disposed of by the women. Though horrified by their actions, Aharon is cautioned by his father to abide by the culture of the Etaku and leave them to their ways, as they are the most important allies he will have in he reign to come. Elsewhere in the far west, the Assyrians living beyond the borders of the kingdom continue to extend their trading network into the region of Anatolia, Egypt, and Greece. Assyrian merchants establish themselves in the great city of Athens, where they serve as middlemen providing the Greeks with exotic goods from the Middle East in exchange for slaves, gold, metal ores, and timber. The growth of the Assyrian traders in Egypt are of particular interest to the prince regent and his council, as the kingdom's subjects in the foreign land have grown in power, exchanging cattle and pearls from Assyria for incense, grain, dates, and precious gems from Egypt. The wealth of these traders is such that they regular influence the actions of the pharaoh to protect their interests in the region from competitors from other lands such as in Libya and Nubia. Closer to home, the expansion of grain silos and storehouses continues, as the irrigation works of the kingdom continue to grow under the direction of Prince Aharon. He organizes the construction of new roads and public works promoting the arts and religion, patronizing many artists of Nineveh, Assur, Susa, and Babylon, while sponsoring the intellectual pursuits of Assyria's great scholars and philosophers. Through his efforts, Prince Aharon makes a name for himself as a leader among his people, and gaining the trust of the king and his government not seen since his days as regent during his father's conquest of the south.
  • Lenapehoking: The nation sends a new expedition to the Carthage region, founding a new settlement. A fort is constructed with a high number of soldiers, in order to defend against the mysterious force that struck there. Expeditions are sent to the east, with many indiscriminately attacking native populations in retaliation. The nation of Egypt is encountered, and the first expedition to find the eastern edge of the sea returns west. An invasion takes place against the tribe of Bastetani, expanding the Iberian colony around the coast, with 1,000 soldiers being sent to the region. Missions are established to convert the population to our religion, with brutal suppression of local beliefs taking place. Trade posts along the southern coast [Africa] are expanded, as the slave trade becomes highly profitable. The primary settlement [OTL Bissau] becomes known as Elemukulek, and sees a large number of settlers to secure the region. The settlement constructs a second base across the river as well. The Oretani are ordered to submit to our rule as well, with the local governors of Iberia mounting an attack with Lenape soldiers and native auxiliaries.
  • Muskogee: A contigent force of 3,000 troops are sent south to defend from the Timucua invasion, in an effort to eliminate their presence from our soil

1560-1565

The Ghost Dance is declared a heresy by Grand Midewinini Oconostota III, who orders that all faithful members of the Cahokian church should destroy the Ghost Dance and the Shoshone apostates. North of the Shoshone, primarily in Blackfoot territory, a major peasant revolt breaks out, inspired by the teachings of the Ghost Dance reformers, which spills over into Cree and Sioux territory. At Pi'a-pa (Salt Lake), the epicenter of the movement, local positions become filled by more radical reformers, who legalize polygamy, create a community of goods, raid the grandiose churches of the region, and implement other sweeping societal reforms.

The region of Scotland rejects Powhatan overlordship, and also rejects the other western powers colonizing the region. Foreign settlements are attacked, including those founded by Nunavut or Kalaallit Nunaat. In the south the Powhatan invasion of Mercia results in a Powhatan victory, with the region surrendering to the attackers. The Powhatan suffer 100 casualties, Wessex and other Powhatan allies suffer 590 casualties, and Mercia suffers 1,290 casualties.

The invasion of Passamaquoddy by the Mi’kmaq and allies results in a decisive Mi’kmaq victory. The Mi’kmaq suffer 1,800 casualties, Beothuk suffers 180 casualties, the Powhatan suffer 100 casualties, the Innu suffer 400 casualties, and Passamaquoddy suffers 3,400 casualties.

The invasion of Abenaki Normandy by the Innu results in an Innu victory, with the region defecting from the Abenaki. The Innu suffer 500 casualties, and their native allies suffer 450 casualties, while the Abenaki suffer 1,330 total casualties.

The Miskito invasion of the west results in a Miskito victory, with the region being captured. The Miskito suffer 1,900 casualties, while the defenders suffer 3,480 casualties.

The Timucua invasion of Muskogee is successful, with the Timucua defeating the Muskogee army in battle. The Muskogee suffer 1,980 casualties, while the Timucua suffer 570 casualties. After plundering the south of Muskogee, the Timucua propose a white peace, if the Muskogee agree to pay a large indemnity to the Timucua.

  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Having reigned for more than two decades, carrying the nation through a war and lifting its naval supremacy to new heights, Queen Inea abdicates in favor of her son, Aucamar II. The decision was not made on a whim; the Council of Elders had pressured Inea to abdicate for many years now, but she was kept in power for the sake of the war. With the war now over, councilors were quick to install her son, whom they believed would serve as a loyal puppet. Inheriting the throne as a young man nearing maturity, and having been educated well in the ways of the court, Aucamar II is not naive. The Council's plan backfires when the young king takes measures to curb the growing power of the Council. He passes several laws which limit the actions of individual councilors, imposes taxes on the nobility (at the time, wealthy noblemen make up the majority of the Council) and establishes the Hima, a household guard that answers to the king alone. Using the elite Hima as his personal army, Aucamar arrests and imprisons scores of council members and political rivals. The nobility is understandably disgruntled by these actions, and they revolt in the capital. Making use of the new Hima units plus elements of the army, Aumacar is able to crush the rebellion before it gets off the ground, taking absolute control of Xaragua. He then formally abolishes the Council of Elders and divides it into several lesser councils, including the Council of the Crowns, composed of representatives from each constituent kingdom, and the Supreme Council, the nation's primary legislative body. In addition to strengthening the seat of the king, these reforms have the side effect of giving more power to the provinces and creating the basis for a fairer legal system. In Cubao, a cacike named Guamayry takes power in the Cacicazgo of Baracoa after murdering his brother Guama. Casiguaya, the widowed wife of Guama, flees to Camaguey, where she gathers support as a pretender for her rival claim to Baracoa. Driven by ambitions of conquest, Guamayry invades the neighboring Cacicazgo of Bayamo and asks his suzerain, Aucamar II, to support him in the war, asserting a centuries-old claim on Bayamo as cause for war. Aucamar answers Guamayry's call to arms, seeing it as an opportunity to extend his influence over Cubao. He aids the conquest of Bayamo with 6,000 troops in addition to Guamayry's 3,000 (algo). The Bayamans put up fierce resistance over the course of three years. Ultimately, Guamayry is able to defeat the Bayaman forces and capture their capital city, but at a cost: both Baracoan and Ayitian forces were cut down by nearly one-half during the invasion. Grizzled but triumphant, Guamayry takes his seat on the throne of Bayamo and changes his regal name to Oliguama, which carries the weight of a great conqueror. His rest will not last long. As soon as Aucamar leaves the country, Casiguaya marches from Camagueya with an army and starts a rebellion in Baracoa. Noting the failures of his army in Cubao, Aucamar sends his marshal to organize troop drills throughout the provinces of Ayiti and train the soldiers to be more disciplined. He also sponsors a colonial expedition to Little Boriken (Madeira), discovered c. 1500. Colonists discover that the island is favorable for growing tobacco.
    • Baracoa's invasion of Bayamo results in a narrow victory, with the region being captured. Baracoa suffers 1,210 casualties, Ayiti suffers 2,980 casualties, while Bayamo suffers 5,430 casualties.
    • Macanike: Orocobix continues rooting out piracy and projecting the influence of the Macanike Trading Company. Twice he captures Yuquibo the Red, but twice the pirate lord slips out of his grasp. In 1564, Yuquibo is killed in a naval engagement with bounty hunters off the coast of Cacimare, and the long reign of piracy and lawlessness in the South Atlantic comes to an end. Orocobix recaptures the islands of Etula and Guatuguey in one fell swoop. He then expands trade routes to the south, securing agreements with several kingdoms on the Congo River. Ayitian explorers and tradesmen begin to penetrate the rivers of Macanike in search of rare goods. The MTC continues to dominate the Casamance and Gambia rivers, building more factories along their banks. Farther north, trade is opened with the primitive Saloum Kingdom. Ivory, the material that makes up the teeth and tusks of wild Cacimarran beasts, is becoming quite popular among the upper classes of Ayiti. Their appetite for exotic ornaments only increases. To meet this demand (as well as the demands of the slave trade), Ayitian merchants establish trading posts on the Ivory Coast at San-Pedro, Sassandra and Grand-Lahou.
    • New Ayiti: Explorers encounter Egypt independently, bringing news of the thriving river empire to Ayiti. This spurs renewed interest in the Mediterranean, and a renewed search for the Fountain of the Gods. The Aegean Sea is charted for the first time, discovering the (Minoan?) civilization of Crete and other Bronze Age states on the mainland. With muskets and ships of war, Ayitian conquistadors wrest control of several islands from the Cretans, collapsing their thassalocracy. They then subvert the unity of the island by turning the various palatial states against one another, and use that disharmony to establish a power base in the western part of the island. From there, they begin a conquest of the eastern one-half with 660 infantry and a small battalion of cavalry. Meanwhile, Ayitian rule now extends over the whole island of Raroko as new colonies are founded at OTL Cagliari and San Giovanni di Sinis. Likewise, Bociba is further settled, especially in the south, with new ports at Bonifacio and the Ajaccio Bay. Areas of land that were abandoned by the natives when their civilizations collapsed are now set aside for farming. The colonies begin growing cassava in abundance for sustenance. The cardoon (wild artichoke) is discovered in Sicily; the native practice of stripping and then roasting the vegetable is adopted by Ayitian colonists.
  • Miskito: With victory now at hand they finish the construction of the Atl'ii University. The colony starts rapid expansion settles all of the Upper Senegalese coast with their new duke being a Native/Miskitan named Jac'a. The King also starts to publish books like a story of his life or Poetry from the Natives in Atl'iisa and the books are great success which ushers in a sort of Golden Era of Writing in the Kingdom. In 1665 at the age of 75 and after first 30 years being duke of Atl'iisa and then 24 years of being King Atl'ii the Poet dies of a stroke. The Electors cannot decide on the next king so the are thinking about a republic.
  • Aztec Empire: As the kingdom of Brittanny and the colony of Pohtocan are manifested as Aztec strongholds, the aging princess seeks to go on a last large campaign in the new world. The surrounding Dukedom of Aquitania would make a land connection between both colonies possible, and is given the same offer as the Bretons decades ago. The Nahua Colonial Conglomerate has sent for that purpose 300 soldiers and ten highly skilled Lipan scouts to Acuitan as the Aztecs call this land. These very same scouts were training Aztecsin scouting for two decades now. Further expansion to the south is attempted, as the Tututepec Kingdom is a huge blockade between the regions of Xoconochco. For the purpose of permanent expansion, a standing army of 150,000 men is established, of whom 100,000 are foot soldiers, 20,000 cavalry and 30,000 either specialists for logistics, archers or special forces. These soldiers are highly trained unlike the formerly conscripted peasants. The generals and admiralty becomes slowly its own class beside the nobles, officials and peasants. The cotton industry becomes less important in international trade, as the wool of sheep becomes more practical in the overseas territorries, yet the trade in spices, corn, salt, wax and gold is still in high demand. The empress passes away in 1563, she is succeeded by her son Mocuteczoma III. He is crowned in the summer of the very same year, while his younger brother Cuauhtemoc is strictly against this, as he was promised to become Hueyi Tlatoani when his brother was in the colonies. In 1564, the great University of Tlaxcallan is founded, and the age of science starts to kick off in the Aztec Empire, when the most rewarded and respeced scientists, theologists and writers come together to collect books, knowledge and inventions. The new emperor is quite interested in education and the scientists, so he gives massive funds to the institution. A professor of mathematics and astrology from the formulates the first steps for what will become a telescope, when he attaches two glass lenses to a metal tube and uses it for watching not only stars but also the horizon. He makes the perception, that the earth must be round. not only that, but that she must revolve around itself. 
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: The island of Assateague is established as a main hub of Atlantic trade, as well as breeding the fastest horses for the cavalry. It artificially remains Rappahanock in development, however, due to its direct control by the government instead of being free business. A smaller arsenal is built there to mirror the ones made in Rappahanock and Chesapeake. The attacks by the Scottish against Powhatan settlements is seen as a violent act of agression against our enterprise, and so the NPTC raises an army of 1,000 men to invade. We once again seek help from our Saxon tributaries, offering to split the territory of Scotland among local Saxon nobles, primarily under the influence of Wessex and Mercia. The Cockacoeske University is established in New Mattawoman, named in honor of the Queen. The Lowlands colony grows with a greater influx of Totopotomoya refugees and Africans, creating villages to connect the settlements of Suckquaham (Antwerp) and Providence (Amsterdam) together. Two years later, however, the colony faced financial crisis due to a lack of return from the region, and was threatened to be abandoned completely. Fortunately, the NPTC managed to step in and buy the colony for itself, relieving their debts. The explorer Nimatew sails up farther along the European coast, and maps out the Baltic Sea for the first time. He passes by the colonies of Beothuk on the way back to Leerdoun. 
  • Beothuk: An expedition with over 5,000 soldiers lands in Sweden to help expands our settlements even further while also aiding the natives integrating.
    • Mi'kmaq Dip: King Mu'in I proposes an alliance with Queen Hea'ther II of Beothuk.
  • Tongva: An era of Shoshone conquest in the south had come to an end, with the Degwanate of Jookympin, being the last vestige of their presence there. Despite supplanting a Shoshone aristocracy, along with its architecture, culture, and stylings, into the southern region, particularly in the rebuilding of The Hub, which became a metropolitan blending of Shoshone culture with local influences, Winnemucca became largely compelled to embrace southern culture. He would be married to a noblewoman named ʔívil̃uqaletem, with his sons Natchez and Tambiago being raised in a more southern style. After its success against the Shoshone, the Kingdom of the Delta continued to prosper. The southern end of Ngáchishtemal, which had been contested between the Delta and various other local powers for some time, became firmly under the control of the Kingdom of the Delta, with the nation’s borders now extending to the southern end of the Pal Heluwut. The Delta’s king, Oacpicagigua II, sought to continue outward expansion with its newfound military prowess, and looked to the south. One of the nation’s rivals for control over the southern gulf, Yoreme, was of particular interest. The nation had broken free from the Mogollon empire, which once stretched from the great metropolis of Wainom Wo:g (Casa Grande) and the Paslápaane (Rio Grande) in the north, to the doorstep of Mesoamerica in the south, and would become a hybrid of the Mogollon, Hohokam, Aztecan, and Deltan cultures. The islands of Tahejöc and Coftéecöl (Tiburón and San Esteban), which had only recently been conquered from the Hohokam by Yoreme, was a particularly unstable but profitable portion of the southern nation, as trade to the Delta from the south passed through its waters. The native Comcaac, who made up a large portion of Yoreme’s population around the islands, had been harshly assimilated after a previous revolt, leaving the situation on the islands tense. To seize these islands, Oacpicagigua heavily expanded the nation’s navy. Traditionally, the nation had operated a large number of smaller, river going vessels, which sailed along the delta and river throughout the nation. The gulf had been controlled by small galleys and a plethora of trade ships, which were primarily coastcutters of western design. Oacpicagigua’s fleet would consist of ships made purely for ocean voyages, which were far larger than any ship of the region, and armed with cannons and other instruments of war. These ships would be highly ornate and decorative, with dark red wood and orange sails, embedded with silver patterns along their hulls, as a sign of the nation’s great wealth. In 1548 the Delta’s fleet departed for the coast of Yoreme, taking the native fleet by surprise. At the Battle of Hast the Delta navy successfully destroyed Yoreme in battle, forcing them to make peace soon after, and grant the Kingdom of the Delta ownership of all the gulf. The nation sought further domination of the peninsula, which had been reduced largely to a state of fragmentation and infighting by recent wars in the north. Both the Kingdom of the Delta and its neighbors had profited greatly from the conflict thus far, with slavers using the peninsula as a hunting ground to supply the Ahwitkapa Army, and other slave bands. Emboldened by this trade, the northern warlords of the peninsula became increasingly powerful and demanding of the Delta and other nations, requesting larger payment to venture into the south on slaving endeavors. Seeking to bypass this, in 1549 the nation declared war on the city state of Adac (Bahía de los Ángeles), to gain control over a city directly in the middle of the peninsula. After a brief siege of the city by the nation’s navy, the city surrendered the Delta forces. This would not go unnoticed by the local population, with several local clans and cities declaring war to liberate Adac. Likewise, an alliance of northern tribes united, along with support from Tongva and Kumeyaay, who saw the Delta as attempting to circumvent their monopoly over the coast. Collectively the conflict would evolve into the Third Pál War, as the nations of the coast became more invested in dislodging the Delta. The former leader of the south against the Shoshone, turned to a Delta advisor and general, Yat’eeshanaw Xo’mos would be placed at the head of an army of his own command, after convincing the government of his utility in the north. His experience was largely exaggerated, as at his first encounter, in which he was ambushed by northern Cochimí tribesmen, resulted in the Delta army retreating. Fearing retribution if he returned to Shuhthagi Ki:him empty handed, Yat’eeshanaw targeted communities of the region for new recruits and slaves, and and around the border with Jookympin, before marching west into Kumeyaay. This resulted in a more upfront battle, as he was matched by Kumeyaay and Tongva’s armies, along with a small number of mercenaries, and the battle would result in a Deltan victory.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in I continues to lead his realm into prosperity. The Passamaquoddy are turned into a vassal of the Mi'kmaq Kingdom after the Mi'kmaq-Passamaquoddy War. The Passamaquoddy are allowed self-rule, but they must pay taxes to Mi'kma'ki and provide military help during any wars involving Mi'kma'ki. Meanwhile, in Mi'kma'ki proper, infrastructure continues to be built up. A road system in Mniku and the isle of Unama'kik are built. In Mniku, ports are built up and harbors are constructed. A naval fort is built in Mniku to guard the space. In the famous Mu'in University, the age of science begins, and scientific knowledge expands. A Mi'kmaq anatomist, physician, and professor, Pitoqsitaqamoq Aluse'wit, describes the anatomy of the brain and other organs. Meanwhile, in M'jipuktuk, the M'jipuktuk Museum is built. It hosts some of the finest arts in Mi'kma'ki and old artifacts. In Ka'ntimaqamigew, amber deposits are found and subsequently mined, largely benefiting Mi'kmaq trade. The colony of Ka'ntimaqamigew expands to cover much of western Cantabria. Meanwhile, the colony of New Mniku (situated in Ireland) expands to cover the eastern coast of Connacht. A royal marriage with Wolastoqiyk is requested, since they share a similar culture, a similar language, and the same origin. This would produce an heir to both thrones. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) A trade deal is proposed with Boriken, Mayapan, and the Aztec Empire. (BORIKEN, MAYAPAN, AND AZTEC RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Assyrian Empire: Prince Aharon continues to ease into the position of regent on his fathers' behalf as he prepares to take the throne. He brings in his own experienced men to staff the ruling council of the kingdom as the older members retire from the body, while advisers who were mentored by the old council-members take up positions within the royal court to plan out new foreign and domestic policies for the prince. The government is partially expanded by the prince to help accommodate the growing needs of Assyria's bureaucracy, with the various titles and positions of power standardized throughout the realm, while fixed salaries are decreed in the name of the king for the scribes and governors of Assyria. The churches which historically served as the centers of government within the various cities of the kingdom no longer utilized for that purpose, with the expansion of the Assyrian cities allowing for the construction of purpose-built complexes designed for the state's bureaucrats. Papyrus scrolls are adopted by the prince regent as the new medium of writing for the state officials, due to the ease of production and storage, while clay tablets are to serve as backup copies for important documents due to their rigidity against the ravages of time. All major documents of the government are copied over into papyrus form, while the original clay tablets are organized into more standardized slate forms and placed into secure vaults throughout the country. The usage of papyrus for writing has grown extensively to such a point that many of the upper-class members of society have taken up the hobby of reading and writing in the cities. Literacy within the urban centers is believed to be approximately 20%, as more and more residents have the free time and resources to learn how to read, especially as the various scholars, teachers, and philosophers of Assyria produce more and more literature for public consumption. Many of the wise men are patronized by the state to promote their works of philosophy and science to the elite members of society, and to teach their children the secrets of life as delineated by the churches. Elsewhere, the growth of the economy through the trade of various goods from Arabia to Egypt and into Anatolia and Greece, continues under the solid direction of the Assyrian merchant class. Their advice to the prince regent and his council based on their knowledge of foreign practices and cultures, is wisely heeded to help guide the state's priorities at home, and which goods to promote within the local economies to export abroad. The Assyrian language and coinage become widely known throughout the region as a result, with Assyrians being found anywhere in the Middle East wherever money can be made. The expansion of Assyrian trading power into the Levant has done much to curtail Egyptian influence in the region, though with the merchants of the kingdom having a firm hand on the foreign policies of the pharaoh, Assyria's influence grows with relatively little opposition. As the population of Assyria expands, many within the kingdom have sought to take up residents elsewhere as more and more of the land becomes occupied. These families, known as ushabu, begin moving into the east by the thousands in organized bodies seeking to inhabit new and unconquered territory beyond the homeland. Many of their number include former soldiers, craftsmen, and high-ranking officials looking for a new life, and they bring their skills, culture, and weapons with them. Consequently, these ushabu begin to colonize the territories to the east of Elam (100 px expansion), where the found communities and begin preparations for the construction of irrigation networks and farmland. So as to protect their new lands from any natives in the region, the Assyrian colonists request the protection of the king in their new territories. In response, a sharu from the province of Elam is sent into the region to garrison the area and protect the subjects from harm. A road from Susa is constructed leading into the region, helping to facilitate the eastward expansion of the realm into the newly settled lands of Parsa. Back in Assyria proper, the prince regent directs the third expansion of Nineveh as tens of thousands of Assyrians migrate internally to the city to take up residence there. A new set of walls are built to accommodate the influx of residents, while the old city is rebuilt with wider roads and gardens to embellish and reorganize the ancient sectors of the city. The population of Nineveh grows to approximately 275,000 under the direction of Prince Aharon, facilitated by good harvests and the importation of old Babylonian concepts such as indoor plumbing and proper waste disposal, reducing outbreaks of disease. Similar works are conducted in the major cities immediately surrounding Nineveh, making the heartland of Akkad the most densely-populated region of the Assyrian Empire. Prince Aharon fathers addition female offspring for the Etaku per their arrangement with him, ensuring that the ranks of the shadowy organization remain strong. Aharon institutes a series of reforms for the Etaku to strengthen its operations and streamline its hierarchy. He officially names them the Ahatutu Etaku, or "Sisterhood of the Watchful", and establishes a series of ranks and titles within the organization, as well as designating which of its number are responsible for giving birth to new members, as well as which members are assigned leadership positions. Aharon likewise provides them with a clear mandate as to what their responsibilities to him and the kingdom are. They are to serve as the eyes and ears of the king, and occasionally his hands should the need arise, providing the king and his council with insight on the activities of Assyria's enemies, both within and without, as well as ensuring the stability of the realm by dealing with those deemed hostile the interests of Assyria. They will report directly to the king himself, and shall have no public function insofar as the people of Assyria shall be aware.
  • Nitasina (Innu): With the death of the Atikamekw king, a new era for his country arises from his ashes. Nitasina enters a personal union with the Atikamekw in 1562, and soon trade and infrastructure between the nations skyrocket. Similarities in language (the Atikamekw word for "our land" is Nitaskinan, close to Nitassinan, which means the same thing, and what the name Nitasina is based off of) makes trade and commerce between the nations easy. Integration into Nitasina is proposed in less than a decade (around 1569), due to cultural, linguistic, and ethnic similarities. A royal marriage offer is extended to the Algonquin (nation), which would produce an heir to both kingdoms (Mod Response Requested). As promised, Numanti (Normandy) gains joint ownership over their lands along with ITAU. The Numanti main export is grapes/wines, while in Kuntassi, wool and cod are the money makers. The sciences are supported within Nitasina and Atikamekw. Mines start to harness the mineral wealth of Nitasina as well.
    • Tarascan State: Cazonci Tangaxuan II dies at a relatively old age , and is followed by Cuinierángari. Mundane reforms are made, increasing available production of goods. Basic economic theory is starting to be developed, though slowly. An explorer by the name of Irepani sends an expedition force consisting of 100 men in one ship to see if there are any major landmasses east of the Marshall islands as the small colony there cannot support a large population. They find the islands of Yap and Palau (Main island). The native population there is not very hostile and is close in appearance to the people of our other small colony in the Pacific. Seeing how these new islands have great potential in farming many people move there. The same plants in the Marshall islands are also present here which is an added benefit. The Marshall Islands settlement is mainly used as an outpost now. All of the soldiers from the Marshall Islands are relocated to these new islands.
  • Western Cree Confederation: In 1560, ex-Supreme Chief Cicetacac dies in his deathbed, with his will purportedly granting all his properties to Acawasqueiac, as the latter has had no issue (however, some of Acawasqueiac's critics claim the will had been forged, possibly by the widow of the late Supreme Chief and Acawasqueiac's adoptive mother). Noticing the dire need for a long-term, consistent domestic policy in the quest to pull the Cree from backwardness, Acawasqueiac increases the length of a Supreme Chief's term from five to ten years while also increasing the powers associated with the position; all while maintaining the mirage of the Supreme Chief being primus inter pares – or "first between equals". In 1562, Acawasqueiac – under the enticement of conservatives within the Grand Council – marries Miyicowisin's fifteen-year-old sister, Miyonacohau, who is 16 years junior to Acawasqueiac. While the latter's age is controversial, it becomes increasingly apparent that the marriage is simply a political move, as relations between the pair become visibly hostile and distant. Miyonacohau's inability to fulfill Acawasqueiac's sexual appetite, while the latter's inability to fulfill the former's emotional needs further contributes to circulating rumors of sexual infidelity by both parties. Despite this, in 1563, Miyonacohau becomes pregnant – though, under the stress of the deteriorating marriage, she suffers a miscarriage just weeks into her pregnancy; though much of the population believes she actually had an abortion, as she had previously vowed not to bear Acawasqueiac any issue. As Acawasqueiac finishes his tour of the Confederation, the need for a national roadway system – to facilitate internal trade and movement of peoples – becomes increasingly apparent. As a result, he authorizes the Board of Finance to establish a national roadway system (managed on the local level by the civilian government of the prefectures) with tolls being placed on important stops to finance the road's construction and maintenance. A majority of the road system, however, are low-quality dirt roads – thus being narrow and unpaved. Due to the expansion of the central bureaucracy, Acawasqueiac also establishes a permanent income tax (paid in coinage, or in grain) while abolishing the tributary system. The sudden abolishment of the tributary system reduces in a sudden surplus of grain and dry beans – thus leading to more fodder for the bison herds, as well as more adequate nutrition among the peasantry due to a higher variety of food; the latter therefore maintaining the Western Cree's lead in terms of physical height within not only the Plains Indians but globally. Meanwhile, to circumvent as a sudden decline in the price of wool, pelts, and hides, rural peasantry begins to export them to foreign markets (where demand remains high) or manufacture (in workshops) into more lucrative goods such as woolens, furs, and leathers, respectively. As a result, the economy begins to diversify as the surplus also creates a labor dividend and enables the growth of town centers – a non-intendent, but still beneficial effect. Other notable domestic industries include the production of bronzeware and apicultural products (honey, mead, beeswax). Within the Three Cities, the construction of buildings in stone/brick, instead of timber, continues, as previously only religious buildings or defenses were built in hard material. A reinvigorated agricultural sector triggers a population boom. For example, iron plows, threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills, are all used to increase the amount of land plowed and the processing of grain.

1565-1570

The Duchy of Aquitaine rejects the offer from the Aztec Empire, and in response to encroaching Aztec colonists, Aquitaine forms an alliance with several states of the region. A confederacy is formed consisting of most of the nations around Aztec lands, which elects a general named Carloman as leader should the Aztec attack.

During the invasion of Scotland by the Powhatan, the recently subjugated Mercians send minimal aid to the invasion, while Mercia’s former tributary of Northumbria does not aid the Powhatan, making it clear that they have broken off from their previous subjugation to Mercia, and instead the Northumbrians contribute covertly to the Scottish side. The Scottish form an alliance with the Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat, who control the north of the island, with the Greenlanders supplying men and weapons to counter the invasion. The resulting battle is a Powhatan defeat, with the Powhatan suffering 340 casualties, Powhatan allies suffering 350 casualties, the Scottish suffering 300 casualties, and the Greenlanders suffering 30 casualties.

After the death of the King of Atikamekw, a personal union is formed between Atikamekw and Nitasina. However, the reigning Queen of Wolastoqiyik, Watahwaso, asserts that she has a better claim to the throne of Atikamekw through absolute primogeniture. She responds to the Mi'kma'ki proposal of a royal marriage, stating that she will accept if they aid her in reclaiming her rightful territory from the Innu. Elsewhere, the Algonquin reject the offer from the Innu.

One of the leading kings of the Mississippi region, King Nishkû'ntu VIII of Caddo, attempts to have his marriage to Nanye'hi of Cherokee annulled, but his request to Grand Midewinini Oconostota III is rejected, partially due to the office being under the influence of Nanye'hi’s brother, King Savanukah, with Oconostota being a Cherokee as well. Despite being one of the most adamant opponents of the Ghost Dance Reformation, Nishkû'ntu declares a series of edicts to distance his nation from the Cahokian church. At the same time, peasant uprisings in the Shoshone are crushed, but the Ghost Dance continues to spread.

  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: Queen Cockacoeske continues to be an inspirational and cultural icon in the Kingdom of the Chesapeake. One famous poet and humanist philosopher composed an allegorical epic in her honor, titled The Pukwudgie Queen. Cockacoeske herself was an avid writer and scientist as well, and wrote short essays on her opinion of heliocentrism and the Ghost Dance rebellion. She also revived the construction of the Great Bay Bridge, which would take further decades to complete. In New Powhatan, it was determined the best course of action was to consolidate more control over northern Britain before attempting another war in Scotland, even though the Scottish ahd just expulsed the Northmen so it seems odd for them to ally. 1,200 troops, along with local Saxon allies, invade to take control over Northumbria. These military includes sabered cavalry and dragoon infnatry for fast movement, and supported with the newer field artillery. A settlement is thus established at the city known as Worke (York). After completing that battle, the army pushes to the western coast around Govan. The Lowland colony also continues to expand between Suckquaham (Antwerp) and Providence (Amsterdam). African slaves continue to be imported to these colonies.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Aucamar II works to repair the island's poorly-maintained road networks which have been damaged by hurricanes over the years. A new stone road, beginning in Xaragua, will connect all six provinces of Ayiti, bringing the nation closer together. Tobacco plantations are established throughout the dry southeast of Madeira, where the soils are ripe for agriculture. Ocahura prospers from the transatlantic slave trade. Kana (Sal) is settled by fishermen, while Yarari (Boa Vista) is primarily used for livestock breeding. In the Mediterranean, Ayitian conquistadors conquer the rest of Crete, making Heraklion their colonial capital, with a secondary fortress at Chania. The island's existing mines are repurposed for Ayitian use. Many natives are enslaved and sent to work in the mines; the gold and other precious minerals they collect are sent to Ayiti on board camaguas (great carracks). Two new settler colonies appear in Sicily: one at the natural harbor of Palermo, and another at the resource-rich plateau of Agrigento. The Ayitians establish good relations with the Elymians on the western part of the island, who become valuable trading partners. The settlement on Nakeya (Majorca) expands, and a trading post is founded at Bejaia.
    • Cacicazgo of Baracoa: Casiguaya's revolt gathers strength, soon outnumbering the forces of Baracoa. The Baracoans retreat to their capital as the rebels take more of the countryside. For once, Ayiti does not intervene. Oliguama takes shelter in Baracoa City with a loyal group of 2,000 soldiers. Casiguaya lays siege to the city, hoping to quickly overrun the remnant and take Oliguama captive. Unfortunately, she did not bring cannons. The walls of Baracoa are high, and without siege equipment, nigh impenetrable. Determined as ever, Casiguaya attempts to starve out the city, ordering her soldiers to plunder and then burn the surrounding countryside and cut all supply routes into Baracoa. But Baracoa is a port, and they are able to overcome this difficulty by having supplies imported from Ayiti and elsewhere. Instead, Casiguaya's own soldiers go hungry as a result of her actions. After a year under siege, Oliguama sallies forth out of the city with his small army, hale as ever, and attacks the besiegers. It is not much of a contest—most of the rebels are slaughtered, while the Baracoans take few losses on their side. Casiguaya flees by boat to the Lucayan Isles. Victorious, Oliguama consolidates power in Baracoa, bringing the rural provinces back under his rule by force. Once his army is up to par (~5,000 troops), Oliguama invades Camagueya, the nation that sheltered the pretender Casiguaya (algo).
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in I refuses to aid Queen Watawahso of Wolastoqiyk in retaking land from the Innu. He declares war on Wolastoqiyk, as the latter is displaying hostility toward his main ally, namely Nitasina. He sends an army of 11,500 men to invade Wolastoqiyk. These troops consist of 6,250 infantrymen, 3,250 cavalry troops, 2,800 artillery troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (ALGO NEEDED) King Mu'in requests of Nitasina, the rest of the TAMSK, and his other allies to aid him in his invasion of Wolastoqiyk. (NITASINA, POWHATAN, BEOTHUK(?), AND MOD RESPONSES NEEDED) He also requests of his vassal, Passamaquoddy, to send troops to help him fight Wolastoqiyk. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) King Mu'in requests an alliance with the Beothuk. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, infrastructure is continually built up. In M'jipuktuk, a naval fort is built to guard the city and its position from a possible naval invasion, and a temple is built. The walls around the city are also reinforced. Meanwhile, in the Mi'kmaq capital of Mniku, a deer park is built. In the west, Kespek City (OTL Gaspe) becomes a trade hub for trade between Mi'kma'ki and the northern nations of eastern Canada. As such, ports are built up and harbors are constructed. In the colonial cities of Ka'ntitutan, New Mniku (OTL Bellmullet), and A'niakso (OTL Santa Cruz de Tenerife) (the name is derived from a transliteration of the native name, Añazo), a granary and temple are built, and ports are built up. The Mi'kmaq economy continues to grow from the Cantabrian amber trade. King Mu'in I, seeking to improve his naval forces, offers technological cooperation with the Ayiti Empire and wishes to send some men over to study Ayitian ship design. He offers amber from Cantabria and slaves from his New World colonies as compensation. (AYITIAN RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Aucamar II welcomes the arrival of the Mi'kmaq delegation in Xaragua, giving them a tour of the Ayitian Arsenal. Being a more open-minded ruler than his predecessors, and a lover of science and knowledge, he encourages their curiosity and arranges discussions between Mi'kmaq and Ayitian engineers, showing them the ins and outs of Ayitian shipbuilding from the fisherman's pirogues to the great sea-going galleons. The visitors are especially wowed by the king's royal dujo, or throne-ship, the Guacamayo.
    • Powhatan: We send 800 soldiers to help our ally.
    • Massachuset: Although we aren't exactly in an alliance with Mi'kma'ki, we do send over 900 men of our total military force of 2,800 in an attempt to gain Mi'kmaq favor.
  • Miskito: The people elect Jac'ea as King. The new king claimes OTL Senegal and Guinea-Bissau [Ayitian, Mayan and Atzec response needed]. The king also sends a formal Invitation to the Mesoamerican Coalition [Ayitian, Mayan and Aztec response Needed].
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Ayiti rejects Miskito's claims, citing pre-existing Ayitian claims and settlements of the Macanike Trading Company. As for the coalition, King Aucamar II states that Ayiti will decidedly remain neutral in Mesoamerican affairs, but he is not opposed to cooperation with the Mesoamerican states when mutual benefit will come of it. Therefore, Ayiti will function as a sort of observer state, with an ambassador in Miskito.
  • Aztec Empire: Mocuhteczoma III accepts the Mi'kma'ki offer to establish trade routes. The main export goods are gold, jewelry, cotton and wool and to a lesser extent agricultural products and bee wax. The conquests to the south are almost completed, just one nation stands in the way, namely the Tututepec kingdom. After the core army of around 70,000 men total is mobilized, the first scouts are sent into the region to find holes in the defenses of the Tututepec A full scale invasion takes place . In the new world, the trouble continues, but the eperor de3cides to wait until the conflict calms down before he invades the Aquitaine confederacy. he strengthens the colonies with more men, erects defensive structures there and improves the infrastructure. 
  • Lenapehoking: The nation continues to explore the east, with settlers being transported to our colonies. The Iberian colonies in particular see a high degree of colonization, with the natives being converted to our religion and assimilated into our culture. A campaign is launched to fully consolidate control over the eastern coast of Iberia, with 1,500 Lenape soldiers and 2,000 native auxiliaries being dispatched. The army moves northeast from our southernmost colony, intent on securing the entire coastline. After this campaign, Iberia is to be split into three viceroyalties: Ganschapuchk in the south, Langundowi in the west, and Achpateuny in the east. The southern islands, as well as the many trade posts and forts established on the southern continent, are administered as a fourth region, while the colonies in the eastern sea [Carthage], are administered as a special fifth division. Trade and exploration continues to the far east, with trade particularly beginning with the Egyptian nation discovered in the east.
  • Massachuset: With some troop mobilization of the Massachuset army taking place this year (see above), Massachuset takes steps toward establishing a stronger naval presence as well as land presence, with two caravels produced on the Massachuset coastline over the span of five years to convoy additional land military. It is decreed that in times of peace, these ships will double as fine fishing boats.
  • Beothuk: The great library of Cardiff opens and is visited by many foreign travelers to see its teachings.
  • Tarascan State: The standing army is set to 65,000 while the amount of troops able to be mobilized in times of war is limited to 245,000. Thus, the largest the army can get is 300,000. Government supervision on the market is limited. This new policy hopes to promote economic growth. Meanwhile, an explorer by the name of Erendirani sets off from K'erijuata (Palau) to the east with two of the seven in K'erijuata (Yap and the Marshall islands have four each as of the moment, the entire fleet is of 55 ships, and discovers a large landmass (OTL Mindanao). The Natives soon chase him out though, and he returns to K'erijuata with two-thirds of his crew after spending one month on the island. Meanwhile, the Marshall islands are being abandoned, with it only functioning as an outpost used rarely. Even Yap starts to be abandoned, though not as severely. Native aggression starts to ramp up though, and many think that Yap will be fully abandoned in ten years. Meanwhile, K'erijuata sees native aggression start to rise too, though this is kept under control by the force of 60 soldiers at the moment. 40 more soldiers are sent to K'erijuata and a small makeshift force to protect farms on the island.
  • Nitasina (Innu): Seeing that Watawahso wants war, war is what she shall get. 12,000 troops are sent to secure the northern shore of Wolastoqiyk through Mi'kma'ki lands. To ensure no supply deprivation ensues, supplies are shipped across the Naneuepanuat, and battleships are sent in as well to combat the minuscule Wolastoqiyk navy and escort the convoys. Then, 4,000 troops are to guard against a potential Abenaki attack and 8,000 troops are to turn south and help the Mi'kma'ki sweep up the remaining resistance (War Algorithm Requested). Meanwhile, a force of 2,000 along with 1,000 mercenaries are sent to take Abenaki Wales, offering the natives in Wales similar autonomy as Kuntshassi (Cornwall) and Numanti (Normandy) if they support the Innu, as well as the former Thule colony of Pitannmik (OTL Isle of Wight) (Mod Response Requested). Mashku II offers an alliance with the Kalaallit Nunaat, who better relations are sought with (Mod Response Requested). After being rejected by the Algonquins, Mashku II sends a marriage requested to the Moose Cree (Mod Response Requested).
  • Guarani Empire: By 1565 the Empire would find itself in a prosperous age, with an ever growing commercial economy, still expanding agriculture and husbandry sectors and rising rural and urban population alike. Marangatvicha would have died in 1556, having completed 20 Years Plan and recovered the nation’s depleted finances by the end of his reign. The young  prince Kuarahykatu would be crowned Great Mburuvicha Kuarahykatu II at the age of 22 in his place. The young and ambitious Emperor would have retaken the Militaristic policies of his Grandfather and Great Great Grandfather, pushing on to reform and put in shape the now idle, experience lacking army. He would intensify the implementation of gunpowder, adopting the now well developed Flintlock Musket and lighter 4-9 Pounder Culverin artillery to fit the more mobile nature of the Guarani army. Coupled to changes in his army he would also begin creating a proper ocean-going warfleet for the nation, out of necessity to safeguard the now large northward trade routes that face a worring increase in pirate activity. Imperial diplomats would be sent on a voyage far north, following the trade lines to visit the court of the Ayitians, opening formal relations with the kingdom for the first time. The envoys would bring many gifts from the Guarani lands and offer a trade deal with the nation, also requesting help of the experienced sea faring state in the construction of our Navy (AYITIAN RESPONSE NEEDED). Finally, in 1567 a new military campaign would be organized by the new monarch, it would target the two small countries in the Northeast border of the Empire. The Force would consist of 5,000 of the Finest Cavalry and 25,000 Footsoldiers armed with the most modern firearms fabricated so far, along with 44 of the new Culverin cannons (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: The Guarani emissaries are well-received in the capital, and given an audience with the king. Aucamar II is most intrigued by their arrival and impressed by their gifts. Knowing the significance of Guarani's trade power, he is quick to accept the trade deal. He agrees to share naval technology with the Guarani on the condition that they share their advanced knowledge of artillery and gunpowder weaponry.
    • Guarani Dip: the condition would be accepted and the technology exchange would begin, with the Empire sending out artillery engineers to Ayiti and receiving naval engineers from the Kingdom
  • Assyrian Empire: King Elihu dies at the age of 66 in 1567, after having lived a long and fruitful as the king of Assyria for a total of 57 years. Prince Aharon is crowned King Eshaya II by the Patriarch of Nineveh, beginning his rule over all of the Assyria. The former king's body is cremated and entombed in the crypt of the great palace of Nineveh, as the first Christian king of the nation. Seeking to start out his reign strong, Kign Eshaya moves to expand the realm westward, invading the nation of Tuttul. He mobilizes all five of the imperial sharu (18,000 troops) and 25 reserve sharu (90,000 troops), before marching into the territories of the northwest into Tuttul's region of power. Using reports gathered by the Etaku, whose members did so under the guise of operating as prostitutes and servant girls within the city, King Eshaya II is able to plan his invasion to coincede with a major harvest celebration taking place within the enemy king. Striking while they are preoccupied with the festivities of their culture, the Assyrians rapidly sweep into the realm, reaching Tuttul before its inhabitants can organize a proper defense. As is standard practice, the Assyrian troops surround the city with a wall to block it from sallying out to attack the besiegers, while likewise enclosuing the siege camp to prevent enemy relief forces from striking them at the rear. Using a separate report taken from a member of the secretive body operating as a member of harem in Harran, a second army of ten sharu (36,000 troops) is organized in Assyria and sent into the north of Tuttul to invade the lands of Harran, besieging the capital city in much the same way as the main imperial force in the south. Though attempts to undermine the walls or open the gates of the city by the Etaku fail due to the enemy patrols, the Assyrians manage to prevent the defenders from organizing a battleline outside of the city, preventing a prolonged and pitched field battle. Back home in the core cities of the realm, the expansion of the major cities continues with the resources being imported from the new territories of Parsa. Interest in the resources of that region have attracted the patronage of the imperial government, which supplies the settlers of the east with the manpower necessary to establish a more permanent foothold in the region. The migration of Assyrians into these new lands is facilitated by the road previously constructed by the army to assist with the movement of goods and families from Mesopotamia into the region of Parsa, as well as troops  sent in to assist with the protection of the local settler population. Further to the south, the trade of pearls, garments, and incense continues with the Arabs, whose vessels bring in many luxurious items which sell well in the Assyrian homeland. Merchants seeking to capitalize off of the trade of goods with the Arabs move their base of operations into the cities of Ur, Uruk, and Susa, where the assist with the coordination of trade agreements and protection of good fishing and pearling waters on behalf of the Arabs, extending Assyrian influence into the Arabian Peninsula. Farther west in the region of the Levant, Assyrian merchants continue to tighten their grip on local trade routes and farmlands, buying up lands wherever they can in the territory of other powers, while selling themselves as wise men capable of providing a good return on their investments in the region. Within Egypt alone, the importing of seeds and calves over the decades have helped to increase the local prosperity of the Egyptian people, who benefit from the guiding hand of the Assyrian merchants living among them. Within Assyria itself, the growth of the arts and sciences comes on the heels of increasing literacy rates among the urban population of the empire. With the introduction and adoption of papyrus as the primary means of recording information, and the simplication of the Assyrian cuniform script by the government, learning to read and write by the upper and middle classes of Assyria has allowed for an explosion in the production of written documents ranging from philospohical discourses by late scholars, wise words of late rulers, and even passages of the holy scriptures, as several priests work to produce the first copy of the Bible. Expansion of the irrigation works around Susa and Hidalu begin, with the aim of developing the region of Elam for the benefit of Assyrian families moving into the region as several seek to remain within the core territories of the empire rather than join the settlers moving east. Within the newly claimed territories, additional land is settled by the Assyrian people, with the region of Parsa now protected by the imperial garrison based out of Susa (100 px expansion eastward).

1570-1575

Although the recent Lenape wars in eastern Iberia are successful, the increasing growth of their colonies motivate the former Lenape-allied nations of Vettones to rebel. They are joined by a confederacy of other like-minded tribes, known as the Celtiberian Confederacy, as well as any resistance remaining in the eastern province, that was only recently conquered. The resistance effort is largely led by a Vettones king named Viriato, who uses his equipment and training obtained from the Lenape against them. He also sends diplomats to the colonies in the north, owned by the Powhatan and the Mi’kmaq, requesting additional aid against the Lenape.

The Egyptian Empire opens up trade relations with Lenape at the port of Cyrene, with a series of runners conveying messages by proxy back to the capital. The Sea People continue to cause severe impairment to Mediterranean travel, and raid ships around the straits of Sicily. Strangely, they seem to avoid attacking any ports in Egypt itself.

An explorer native to the Kingdom of Temiminó [Rio de Janeiro] is financed to find a path to the western coast of South America, using the steady advancements of naval technology in the hemisphere. He manages to carefully chart the straits of Cape Horn, and establish direct contact with the Incan Empire for the first time in centuries.

The Innu-Mi’kmaq invasion of Wolastoqiyk is successful, with the region capitulating to the invaders. The Innu suffer 1,500 casualties, the Mi’kmaq suffer 850 casualties, the Massachusett suffer 20 casualties, and Wolastoqiyk suffers 4,390 casualties. However, the Algonquin and the Moose Cree express resentment at the invasion, believing the Innu to be making an illegitimate land grab against a former ally, and so both nations resign from the Innu-led alliance. When Abenaki invades the Innu, they are supported by both of the Innu’s former allies. In southern Nitasina, the Innu are defeated, with the Innu suffering 2,710 casualties, Abenaki suffering 1,000 casualties, and Abenaki’s allies suffering 350 casualties.

The invasion of Tututepec by the Aztec Empire results in a decisive Aztec victory, with the region surrendering to the invaders. The Aztec suffer 8,950 casualties, while the nation of Tututepec suffers 15,480 casualties.

The invasion of Abenaki Wales by the Innu is successful, with the Abenaki suffering 980 casualties, and the Innu suffering 840 casualties. The Abenaki ask their allies Beothuk to aid them in protecting Wales. The Abenaki also receive aid from Nunavut, after an Innu ally unsuccessfully attacks the Isle of Wight.

The Guarani military campaign to the northeast is successful, with the Guarani suffering 4,890 casualties, while the locals suffer 8,540 casualties.

The Assyrian invasion of Tuttul and Harran is successful, with both regions falling to the Assyrians. The Assyrians suffer 11,450 casualties, while the defenders suffer a total of 18,540 casualties.

Oliguama’s invasion of Camagueya results in a defeat, with Oliguama being repulsed from the nation. Baracoa suffers 2,000 casualties, while Camagueya suffers 1,340 casualties.

  • Miskito: King Jac'ea sends an expedation westward, the crew discovers an Island which has a lot of similarities to the Miskitan Nature in it OTL (Borneo). Hearing of this the king sends a group of 3,000 trained colonist to the island in hopes of land on the western part of the Island which had a lot of trading potenial with the natives [Mod Response Needed].
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: The Great Bay Bridge continues to be constructed under the reign of Queen Cockacoeske. Urbanization develops along all the cities, particularly in the Potomac River in the city of Foggy Bottom. A neo-classical style of architecture flourishes around the nation in general, as the long-lost secrets of classical architecture used by the Cahokie Empire have been rediscovered. Similarly, the great artist Yaroke of Mattawoman revolutionizes the field of painting, by introducing perspective and shading in art for the first time. The Queen organizes a census to be taken across the kingdom. In response, the New Powhatan Trading company similarly takes a census of the population settled in all the current colonies, and estimates the remaining native inhabitants [MOD RESPONSE]. In response to the outbreak of war between Innu and Abenaki, the NPTC decides to seize the advantage to claim unsettled territory in Britain. 900 troops are sent to cross over the Severn River and occupy some amount of the eastern one-half of Wales. Our Saxon allies are also called to help in the expedition, to settle the long-overdue score between the Germanic people and the remaining Celtic Kingdom. The navy of five ships are sent to support the invasion as far as Colwyn Bay, ready with many reinforcements if necessary. Gradual urbanization of new colonists appear in Worke (York), as well as the region settled so far in the Lowlands. The border is carefully built up in defenses against any Scottish incursion. Meanwhile, a full military expedition is sent into Iberia, dispatching 1,800 troops to seize control over the rest of the region of Galicia.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Construction on the road network continues. A fort is built on the Strait of Jatibonicu near Messina to protect against raids from the sea.
    • Cacicazgo of Baracoa: In the wake of the disastrous defeat in Camaguey, Oliguama's supporters begin to lose faith in his leadership. The cacicazgo again falls into civil war, becoming a battleground for various rebel groups as well as an army of Bayaman separatists. Oliguama himself is killed by one of his own soldiers outside a military camp. Guatibere, one of Oliguama's former generals, attempts to restore order and install himself as ruler; however, with his weak army of 1,200, he is unable to stop Bayamo from regaining its independence. The next few years see the western part of the country fall to independent states. In late 1573, Guatibere suffers a humiliating defeat against a smaller but better-trained army belonging to the Cacica of Mayarí, losing most of his numbers in the battle. Baracoa's borders continually recede—by 1574, Guatibere rules only a small area around Baracoa City. In 1575, the tiny city-state of Baracoa surrenders to an invading fleet, becoming a minor vassal state in the Cacicazgo of Mayarí. This is the end of Ayitian influence in Cubao. These events would become the subject of a popular Taino children's song, "Guatibere Yuumita", which lists the remaining cities under the control of Guatibere, ending with Baracoa.
  • Beothuk: The queen picks the Innus side in this conflict and declares war on Abenaki and for the first time the army is fully mobilized. 10,000 troops in both Ireland and Wales begins to capture the Abenakian colonies there while trying to remain friendly to the civilian population.
  • Tongva: After the Kingdom of the Delta’s initial victories against Tongva and its allies, the Third Pál War continued with Yat’eeshanaw Xo’mos leading an invasion of Kumeyaay directly. By 1551 he had successfully reached the coast, while in the south a second Deltan army had made progress in the peninsula. In Jookympin, Winnemucca the younger died to old age, and his second son, Tambiago, ascended to the throne of the degwanate. He ascended to the throne at a time of strife in the Shoshone Empire to the north, with the Ghost Dance Reformation plaguing the region, and even spreading to Jookympin in small numbers. Despite a lack of support from the Shoshone, in 1552 Tambiago broke his peace with the western empire, and launched an expedition to resubjugate Chumash, Yokuts, and other neighboring states. At the Battle of Kagismuwas, an army of Chumash, Tongvans, and other groups would successfully repulse the attackers, before Tambiago was defeated and killed later that year while in Yokuts. The result was an inconclusive war, which only served to weaken Jookympin and other states. The poor state of affairs plunged the Degwanate of Jookympin into crisis, as the young king died without a direct heir, and areas on the periphery of the nation conspired for independence. A cousin of Winnemucca, named Tiovanduah, seized control over the northern one-half of the nation, controlling the few Shoshone majority towns, as well as important cities such as Tümpisa and Ongtupqa, the latter of which taken by force from a local uprising. Another leader, Tondzaosha, who was the brother-in-law of Winnemucca, managed to secure the capital and receive backing as well, especially after he offered numerous concessions to the locals of The Hub. The south of the nation was less contained, with local warlords gaining autonomy once more. In the meantime, the Delta took advantage of Tambiago’s war to then invade Tongva. Although not resoundingly defeated like Kumeyaay, Tongva sought to avoid a similarly poor fate as them, and sued for peace on more favorable terms, which allowed the Tongvans slightly more autonomy than the south. This largely ended the Third Pál War, with Oacpicagigua of the Delta reigning supreme as the premiere king of the southwest. The Treaty of Wa-cuatay was concluded in 1554, which saw the Delta firmly annex most of Kumeyaay, while the north of the peninsula was organized into a series of warlords, which swore fealty to the Deltan king. During this time the Delta would open up trade all across the gulf, as well as south to Xalisco, the Tarascans, and the Aztec Empire. Oacpicagigua’s treasure fleet would embark on an ambitious trade mission, and also a show of force, traveling south along the coast as far as the Incan Empire, stopping at Miskito and other nations of prominence along the way. He would also strengthen ties to the west, establishing port cities on the western coast. Two years later, in 1556, the first expedition by the Delta to the west would be launched. The Deltans would encounter an island in their path, which they called Cehedagim (OTL Christmas Island), after the color of the sea around the island. Several other islands in the vicinity would be discovered, before the expedition departed back for the east. In the meantime, Yat’eeshanaw Xo’mos would be appointed a governor in the new territories of the west, after his successful campaign there. He became increasingly interested in the war in Jookympin, looking toward his old benefactor, The Hub. Without clear authorization from the government, in 1555 he launched an expedition north, which saw him capture or free a large number of slaves and settlers, gaining a great deal of prestige for the Delta. Soon after, Tiovanduah would defeat Tondzaosha in battle, uniting the nation once more for the most part. In 1560 Yat’eeshanaw returned to the north again, but this time sought to liberate The Hub and formally expand Deltan territory. After initial victories in Ngáchishtemal, the Shoshone sent envoys to the Delta to sue for peace, unaware that their governor was largely acting independently. They struck a deal, in which the area around Pal Heluwut was ceded to the Delta, and in exchange the Deltans would help quell rebels elsewhere for Jookympin, and recall Yat’eeshanaw. The Deltans honored their end of the deal, stripping Yat’eeshanaw of support, and lending troops to Jookympin. Yat’eeshanaw found himself surrounded in enemy territory, with his supplies and manpower quickly dwindling. Despite this he continued his exploits, raiding all across the nation, and supplementing his poor situation with captured slaves and treasures. In 1662 he stationed in the northwest of the nation, with plans to flee into Yokuts to live out his days as a wealthy man. Instead he became tempted by the prospect of one last raid, after he learned The Hub had been ungarrisoned, as the Shoshone became distracted in the north. He launched an attack on the city, but soon discovered it was a trap, as Shoshone, Tongvan, and even Deltan soldiers surrounded his small band. Nevertheless the old man rode into battle, perishing in a final charge outside the city’s walls.
  • Aztec Empire: Mocuhteczoma III has now most of the Nahuan inhabited nations united, yet his empire still longs for more practical trade routes. To increase trade with the southern nations, especially the Inca, the reigon south of the Miskito (OTL Costa Rica) is partially invaded, to set up minor colonies as save havens for merchants and also the Aztec navy to secure the trading routes against pirates. If the invasion is successful, the surrounding nation will become a tributary state with largely selfgoverning leadership. The navy is send south with 5,000 men and 20 ships to invade at OTL Nandayure and Santa Cruz. The attack comes at full suprise, without a formal declaration of war. Otherwise, the colonial issues are still of a main concern to the court. Carloman is seen as a major factor for the unity of the confederation, and that his death would ultimately mean the collaps of the confederation. The brilliant and well decorated strategist Nehuacal of Tlapan is sent to the colonies to deal with the hostile natives. He teaches the natives of Acuhitan and Tlalocan (Aquitaine and Brittanny) the ways of borderfort building, the improvement of defensive structures and proper military organization. The border city of Naoned (OTL Nantes) has its wooden palisades replaced with earthworks and an inner defensive ring made from stone. The Tlatoani of the Bretons, Breioc I invests in the army of the Bretons to have a core of professional soldiers like the Aztec army. This core consists of 500 men in the infantry, 50 archers and 30 cavalrists. In the Aztec homeland, the beaurocracy is expanded, when the imperial lawcourt is established. This court is semi-autonomous from the empire and every citizen of the empire can be held on trial, the only exception is the emperor himself. The lawcourt has the duty to codify and formulate the laws that are already made and defend and enforce them. The lawcourt is established to prevent riots and tyrannical leaders on a local level, as the Hueyi Tlatoani beliefs that bad leadership is ultimately the reason for civil uprisings and internal crisis. The export of agricultural products, wool and minerals is very lucrative. A major army reform is held in 1575, when muskets are introduced to the special forces. These aren't too useful as of now since barely anyone has ever used such a device, but their effect on the enemies psyche is far larger.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in I defends the southern Nitasina flank by sending 15,000 troops (including 2,000 mercenaries) to meet up with the Abenaki army. These troops consist of 7,500 infantrymen, 4,500 artillery troops, 2,800 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) He asks of his allies, Massachuset and Kalaalit Nunaat, and his vassal, Passamaquoddy, to send troops. (MASSACHUSET AND MOD RESPONSES NEEDED) He also wishes to create an official alliance with the kingdom of Massachuset to the south, as the latter has been quite helpful in wars involving the Mi'kmaq. (MASSACHUSET RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, King Mu'in continues leading Mi'kma'ki to prosperity. The forts of Mniku and M'jipuktuk are both expanded, while a naval fort is built in Kespek City to prevent possible invasions from the enemies of Nitasina and Mi'kma'ki. Meanwhile, in Mu'in University, older books written in the archaic komqwejwi'kasikl script are rewritten in the newer lnuwi'kasikl script, as the latter script fits better for the Mi'kmaq language. The design of the telescope spreads to Mi'kma'ki through trade with the Aztecs, and thus the age of astronomy begins in Mi'kma'ki. The physician Aluse'wit begins writing a set of books on his discoveries on human anatomy, titled On the fabric of the human body in seven books. Previously, the main agricultural products in Mi'kma'ki had been potatoes and cattle, but upon the conquest of Wolastoqiyk, corn, beans, and squash have become available, eventually causing a population increase. Ayitian ship designs have been implemented and improved upon after the diplomatic mission to Ayiti, to a great degree of success.
  • Tarascan State: The situation in K'erijuata (Palau) is now under control, as a peace treaty is made with the natives giving one-half of the island to them. Meanwhile, ambitions are turned toward the homeland. A variety of weapons are now fully developed, such as wall guns and snaphances, though the musket is the only one used widely in the military. Larger grenades made of metal are made and used. Mortars are made lighter, but they are still hard to carry around and are not used in battle much. Even though these new weapons are distributed the common army still uses matchlocks as their main weapon. A campaign to the kingdom of Tonallan called with 75,000 troops (which includes cavalry) with 32 cannons sent to war. A major river blocks the way to the Tonallan homeland. This fact is unavoidable, yet we can alleviate the damage by preparing to build pontoon bridges beforehand. Meanwhile, an explorer gains funds to set another expedition to Mindanao with 90 soldier-settlers by telling the royal court about the jade that the locals wore. He lands at Malapatan and quickly starts to make alliances with neighboring tribes to avoid the fate of the last expedition. They even have the ability to start a small settlement with a few fields growing taro and maize. 20 more settlers arrive, and the settlement slowly grows. However, a settlement to would alienate the natives and cause unwanted violence. Trade with some native tribes starts, trading Tarascan goods for Jade. The settlement is named Irepanianhatapu, though Sarangani is colloquially used.
  • Nitasina (Innu): In 1571, Atikamekw is integrated into Nitasina due to cultural, linguistic, and ethnic similarities. Mashku II dies of stroke in 1573, and Tapuemakan, his son, inherits the throne. Under him, 5,000 mercenaries are hired, as well as 15,000 men from the standing army, to combat the Moose Cree and Algonquin threats and to take back the land that they invaded (War Algorithm Requested). As a reward for helping Nitasina, Mi'kma'ki is offered all of the Abenaki mainland if the war is won, while the colonies of the Abenaki would be taken. The Beothuk are requested to send some troops to ward off the Moose Cree and Algonquins (Beothuk Response Requested). Infrastructure is improved to the north, along the coasts, and to the south to help military movement. A large naval presence on the Naneuepanuat is kept, intercepting Algonquin ships. A naval base is built on Shakuship (Île d'Orléans), and a town for the families of the sailors is built there as well. This town grows larger as a merchant town on the Naneuepanuat. Tapuemakan asks that ship blueprints from the Ayiti in possession of King Mu'in be shared with the Innu to help improve ship design (Mi'kma'ki Response Requested).
  • Assyrian Empire: The Assyrian conquest of the two northern kingdoms is achieved quickly and with relatively little loss of life to the empire's forces. The integration of the north takes place rapidly, with immediately resettling of the native peoples to new lands, and the movement of Assyrians into the conquered territories. The defeated peoples are forced to adopted Assyrian culture, language, and religion, while the able-bodied men are forced into the military as per the traditions of Mesopotamia. The city of Tuttul is rebuilt by the army, using forced labor and contracted manpower from the south, rebuilding the walls after adding expansions to the city's districts to accomodate the influx of new residents. King Eshaya II returns home triumphantly, hailing his recent successes as highlights of things to come for his people. Upon his return to Nineveh, inspired by the vital role the Etaku played in his victory over the northerner, Eshaya begins to take up the full-time work of expanding its ranks by increasing the number of members required to mother offspring for the body. To facilitate this effort, King Eshaya oversees the construction of a mountain fortress called Katmu Dannutu, or the "hidden fortress", where the Etaku shall be headquartered. A special military unit consisting solely of able-bodied women is formed to protect the location, while its administrative staff consists entirely of eunuchs handpicked by the king and the leading members of the Etaku. The location of Katmu is kept a close secret of the king and his council, who ensure that the site is protected as a matter of national security. In the region of Parsa, tens of thousands of Assyrians continue to migrate into the area, receiving word of good soils, safe lands, and good weather. They settle down in the region, pushing deeper and deeper into Parsa under the protection of the Assyrian army, now directing its full attention to the colonization effort following the conquest of the northern kingdoms. King Eshaya turns his full attention to the work of expanding the realm, authorizing the use of royal funds to sponsor the movement of subjects into Parsa for the benefit of strengthening the kingdom (250 px expansion). Within the Levant, news of the Sea Peoples attacks on foreigners from far away reach the ears of the Assyrian merchants, who confirm the authenticity of the stories from their fellow Assyrian merchants operating in Greece. They inform their counterparts that as far as they have been able to determine, the Sea Peoples have restrained themselves from harming the trade of the Egyptians, and have been focusing all of their efforts on the foreigners of the far west. With this new in hand, the Assyrian merchants in Egypt and the Levant return to their trades confident in the reassuring advise that their investments are free from harm. Assyrian influence in the Levant continues to expand, with the growth of Assyrian communities in Anatolia as a direct result of merchants moving into the region, having a major impact on the regional policies of nations such as Lydia. With so much of the domestic trade reliant upon Assyrian goods imported into their kingdoms, the Anatolians have found themselves strengthening diplomatic ties with the Assyrians so as to maintain the beneficial status quo. Back home, the pearl trade with the Arabs is expanded, with the influx of Assyrian migrants into Parsa helping to stimulate trade in the region as new communities are established, prompting the Arabs to expand their own fishing efforts to sell to the Assyrians on the other side of the Gulf. Likewise, the construction of additional ships in the ports of Ur and Lagash assisting with the expansion of the Arab fishing fleets, the local economies of the Assyrians in the south have grown to match the upswing in trade. The irrigation works of Parsa continue alongside the construction of roads and storehouses, promoting migration into Parsa and farther eastward colonization by the Assyrians. The expansion of the Assyrian capital comes to a close, as the internal migration of Assyrians has slowed as the colonization of Parsa continues. Nineveh is now home to some 300,000 inhabitants, more than 100 churches, 25 great storehouses, and nearly a dozen public squares, where urban residents congregate to relax, learn, and exercise publicly. The scholars of Assyria increase the publication of their works as literacy continues to grow in the realm, and a major intellectual movement of philosophers has been formed, promoting the concept of the "thinking man", an individual who spends his or her time studying and contemplating the greater secrets of life, rather than indulging in a life of ease. These ideas spread rapidly within Nineveh and the neighboring cities, where the elite members of society have taken to heart the teachings of these great men. Indeed, many of the churches throughout Akkad promote these ideas, as many of the concepts were drawn directly from the Bible and the morals it admonishes among Christian believers.
  • Lenapehoking: A thing called friendship ends, but it has to be one word, so that has done enough to damage the existence of the last Ice Cream Age, insofar as the mammoths are concerned. However, it did have some fun consequences for everyone (including the dodos on Mauritius) because of global warming. This was the beginning of a new era in the development of friendship of villages and small houses built by dwarfs and their pets dwarfdogs from the Lonely Mountains to the ocean new. Such is life in this Missouri we all expected to share; flowing down into souls within the halls of Hellheim and Valhalla and our Sovngarde and our hearts go on. The nation responds quickly to the rebellion in Iberia, with an additional army being sent to the colonies. Many of the settlers of the region are raised in defense of their new homes, but this only delays the native attackers for some time. Many villages are destroyed and people killed, before reinforcements arrive.
  • Western Cree Confederation: Supreme Chief Acawasqueiac briefly reconciles with his wife Miyonacohau, who later bears him a child whom they name "Pascus". However, conflicting interests emerge with Miyicowisiwin in-regards to the spread of the "Ghost Dance" among the Cree; as while the Supreme Chief disapproves of it, the former views it as a sister movement of Cree heterodoxy. Tensions also boil over Miyonacohau's abrupt death, with many accusing Acawasqueiac or one of his mistresses either ordering her death, or poisoning her themselves – with many pointing to Acawasqueiac's lack of presence in Miyonacohau's funeral and general apathy to her death. Pascus is sent to the province with his maternal relatives, with his aunt serving as his de facto guardian and his wet nurse.

1575-1580

A great earthquake strikes the Mapuche nation near OTL Valdivia, causing a massive flood upriver, numerous landslides, and triggering a nearby volcano to erupt. The main settlement in the area is destroyed, while tsunamis ravage the west coast as far as California.

A massive drought is caused by lack of rain along the Colorado River affects nations around OTL Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. This primarily results in severe lack of sufficient food production over multiple harvest seasons.

As the Egyptian Empire benefits from trade through Cyrene, it begins exporting ideas and valuables to some of their allies, especially the Meccan Confederacy and Marib.

The punitive expedition launched by the Aztec Empire against the states of central America is successful, with the states south of Miskito willing to cede small ports for the Aztec to use. The Aztecs suffer a total of 980 casualties during the campaign.

The invasion of the Tonallan Kingdom by the Tarascan State results in a decisive Tarascan victory, with the region surrendering to the invaders. The Tarascans suffer 9,580 casualties, while the defenders suffer 12,840 casualties.

The Innu counterattack against the Cree results in an Innu victory, with the Innu successfully recapturing their lost territory, and pushing the Cree back past the original border. The Innu suffer 3,450 casualties, while the defenders suffer 5,890 casualties.

The Mi'kmaq invasion of Abenaki results in an Abenaki victory, with the Mi'kmaq being unable to advance into Abenaki territory. They also continue to receive aid from their allies in the north, as well as the Iroquios. The Mi'kmaq suffer 4,580 casualties, while the Abenaki suffer 3,740 casualties.

The Abenaki, Cree, and the other members of the alliance, offer peace terms to the Innu and Mi'kmaq, in which the Innu annexation of Atikamekw is recognized, all other borders in the west return to status quo, and any Abenaki colonies captured are ceded to the invaders.

  • Miskito: The king dies and is succeeded by his son Atl'ii II who starts the research on boats and guns, he also claims the OTL St Louis Region and the Coastal Area in Mauritania [Ayitian, Mayan and Aztec Response Needed].
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: The growth of colonial settlement in Britain has gradually sparked a fascination for the native history and culture of the native inhabitants. Cameroke of Worke made extensive survey of the island's geography, charting out different rivers and ancient megaliths all over New Powhatan and Wales. He documented local legends and myths surrounding each location, taking note of the supposed origin stories and the graves of ancient heroes. Of particular importance to him was their legendary monarchs, among which he listed Arthur, Alfred, and Cadwaldr. The New Powhatan Trading Company consolidates more control over the island of Britain, still having claim to but not making incursion to the lands of Scotland. A private auxiliary force is organized, employing local Saxon and Welsh population into a professional military directly controlled by the NPTC. This is intended to boost the military local to the region, and be able to increase colonial power over local British nations. The Lowlands colony continues to develop more urbanization as more African slaves are imported. Another invasion of 1,100 troops are sent to conquer the state on the north coast of Spain.
  • Aztec Empire: The droughts in the north worry the emperor, as the old ally of the Aztecs, the Lipan Kingdom is affected as well. To prevent the fall of a trusted ally in the north, the focus on corn production is encouraged by the government. Many peasents start to grow corn in larger quantities, while the cotton plantations also focus on corn for export. Tons of said agricultural product are sold to the states affected by the famine. The punitive expeditions prove to be a good tactic for vassalization, as Aztec friendly leaders are installed and the trading ports are ceded to the empire. The shortage in labour due to large conscription, massive colonial expansion and costly campaigns fuel more colonial expansion, but with another purpose: the acquisition of labourpower. For that purpose, a colony in a dry, hot land to the east is established (OTL Morocco). The city is named Tepeteotlalli, Desert Hills. There, many of the tribal leaders are bribed to start raids against other bands of mostly Amazigh people and bringing them to the Aztec cities. The slaves, however, are treated as equal citizens of the peasantry, not as something subhuman. Some of them are brought to Brittany, but their destination lies mostly in the Aztec homeland and the colony of Acuhitan. These servants are also there, to defend the colonies and work the cotton and wine fields. A corps for the Amazixtl (Amazigh becomes a general term for North Africans/Mediterraneans) is formed, as they are officially allowed to join the army of the empire. They become well trained musketeers, as gunpowder is now more widely used in both muskets and cannons. The new artillery is tested in the conquest of the Huastec Territory which borders the Aztec empire to the north at the shore of the Gulf of Mexico. Due to the large size of the conquered nation, around 50,000 men are mobilized. 40,000 of which are infantrists, 1,000 are artillerists, and 5,000 cavalrists. The remaining 4,000 consist of the navy and the logistic sector with additional 200 scouts, both of which coordinate not only the land invasion from the south, but also the three naval invasions. The Metztitlan are called to war due to their vassalage status. Trade flourishes, with wool, cotton, wine, minerals and agricultural products as main export goods. A religious shift also occurs around the Texcoco Lake metropolises, when the god Xochiquetzal is officially declared as a main god, on an equal level to Quetzalcoatl and Huitzilapochtli. ONe reason is her relationship to Tlaloc, the god of weather and rain, who is considered a main factor in successful harvests and warfare. Meanwhile, Tlaloc slowly syncretizes with Quetzalcoatl. The explanation for this event is probably the de facto end of human sacrifice and the overlapping responsibilities of the gods (Quetzalcoatl does not require human blood). Both are said to control the wind, the ocean and the sky as their domain. The rather violent appearences and attributes of Tlaloc merge with Xolotl, a brother of Quetzalcoatl who is said to be dark and his character is said to symbolize misfortune and also death.
  • Tarascan State:A Judicial Court is established, which allows every citizen to be able to have a court hearing if a crime was committed against them. This policy is made to persuade people to conduct business in Tzintzuntzan, and it works. As with the integration of Colliman, Many people from Tonallan are moved to densely populated areas around Lake Patzcuaro. Ethnic Purepecha are also encouraged to move to Tonallan. The highly stratified military system based on class, honors and prisoners taken is abolished, especially considering that human sacrifice has never been practiced extensively and is abolished now. Rank according to Honors are still given, and stratification of the ranks still exists. Military advancement is seen as a tree, instead as a ladder. Ranks are now specialized. The coast of Mindanao and a few other small islands such as Cebu is mapped. Due to small skirmishes with hostile tribes in which our boats and cannon proved especially useful, territory fully controlled by us is expanded to the entirety of Sarangani bay and pockets of land in the Davao gulf. A permanent force of 500 is set up in this colony. They mostly use longswords, grenades, and crossbows in warfare with the natives. Guns are deemed too slow to use in local warfare. We try to learn about the native's culture from the friendly tribes that we trade with. Governor Erendirani is named a Datu, a local name for a lord.
  • Nitasina (Innu): The peace terms are accepted on the behalf of both the Innu and the Mi'kmaq (as Emperorkangxi may not have time to post), as although the northern front has been going well, the Mi'kmaq have been losing in the south, and really the war's original intent was to secure the Atikamekw personal union, which has since been integrated into Nitasina. The naval base of Shakuship (Île d'Orléans) is kept in operation, although to a much smaller extent; however, the city grows rapidly as a center for trade and commerce up and down the Naneuepanuat (St. Lawrence River), and residences move to cover not only Shakuship (Île d'Orléans) but the nearby shores as well. Kepek becomes the name for the region, originating from the word Kebec, which means "where the river narrows". Facilities in Shakuship use Ayiti designs to create ships like the huraca, called Nakashu ships, a lightweight ship meant to outmaneuver ships in the open ocean, which are used in the Shakaikanipeiau (Gulf of St. Lawrence). However, the Etaimu ships are used on the Naneuepanuat, which are much thinner and higher above the water to help navigate the smaller parts of the river. These help to assert dominance over the river, especially Iroquois ships. The Natimiunnu (referring to the Iroquois and vassal states) start to become larger rivals over the Naneuepanuat by the day, but nothing is done for now. Military assistance is offered to the Mi'kmaq to help their military recover after the disastrous Abenaki campaign, further showing the importance of firearms, and especially volley fire to combat the slow fire rate.
  • Guarani Empire: Following The successful campaign the two target nations would be conquered into the Empire in 1570, 5,000 soldiers being stationed there while public order is established, the local nobility would be ousted as the admnistration is incorporated into the bureaucratic system of the realm. For Kuarahykatu the military campaign would serve to show the weaknesses in the current Guarani Army, He would come to the realization that the system of levied campaign troops could be no more and that a standardised and cohesive structure ought to be formed. Having been taught as a prince by bright minds and long libraries of the Imperial House of Knwoledge, as became tradition of the imperial family after it´s creation, the Mburuvicha would have read much about warfare and he would draw great inspiration from military organizations of the past to help reshape his forces. Thus in 1571 would begin a complete reform of the army structure, from bottom up: The most basic unit would be the Pakoia consisting of 12 men who would share the same tent, the unit would be complemented by two Servants/Slaves and also elect a leader among themselves who would help keep order and discipline but have no commanding power. The next unit would be the Poapoyu 'Company 'made up of eight Pakoia thus 96 men and would be the smallest unit to fight as one, it would be commanded by a captain appointed by higher officers and have a co-captain in charge of training and discipline of the Poapoyu. A Teytiposa 'Battalion' would be made of six Poapoyu - 576 men - it would be led by the most senior of the six Poapoyu´s captains with the others serving as subordinate helpers/advisors, each of this unit would also have its own horn sound to receive orders mid battle. TenTeytiposa - 5,760 men - would form a Nemhedah 'Regiment' which would be the biggest standard unit, The Nemhedah command structure would consist of a Mburuñaro 'Colonel' appointed by the Emperor by merit and loyalty, Three Ipaháñaro who serve as advisors and apprentices to the Colonel and a Quartermaster that would supervise the logistics at march and camp. Each Nemhedah would have a ratio of seven Infantry to three Cavalry with the infantry Teytiposa having a ratio of six Musketeers to four Pikemen. The new army would also adopt regular drilling and tactical training, to ensure continued discipline and battle readiness, and a linear formation of frive-to-ten Ranks deep when deploying to battle, that maximises musket fire output and mobility. When united into a singular army the Nemhedahs would form a Tuinemheda commanded by a Tenoruñaro 'General' who would be the most veteran and prestigious commander available. In the grand scale the Nemhedahs would work as provincial regiments with five of them - 28,880 men - serving full time as a standing army and a further 15 - 86,400 - able to be raised at war time, totalling 115,200 men.
  • Assyrian Empire: The Assyrians continue to pour into the region of Parsa, colonizing vast swathes of land under the protection of the army. New settlements are built and infrastructure laid down as the Assyrians slowly encroach into the lands of the east. The expansion of Assyrian power in the east continues without challange as the subjects of the realm flow into the area by the tens of thousands. Enough men and women now reside in the region of Parsa to justify the creation of a new province, as the estimated Assyrian citizens within Parsa is believed to number more than a quarter million residents. Back home, the assimilation of the conquered peoples continues without pause, with conversions to Christianity enforced and adoption of the Aramaic language on track as planned. Indeed, most of the former locals of Tuttul have been so thoroughly dispersed throughout the empire that they have been unable to develop sustained communication with one another. Elsewhere, literacy rates throughout Assyria approach nearly 60% of the urban population and more than 15% of the rural population. Most of this growth is driven by the prmotion of Bible study lessons within the churches for the youth and their guardians, most of whom can read well enough to make the population reasonable able to understand the administrative tasks of the empire conducted by state scribes. Growth of the Assyrian economy begins to slow as the stabilization of trade settles in. The Assyrian merchant network has found a good middle ground for their profits and investments, bringing regional trade to a point where goods and resources are now exchanged relatively safely and without danger of major profit losses. While some are disappointed by the slim opporunities for massive profits as had been the case decades before under the previous monarch, others are pleased that they can relax well enough to focus on local issues rather than regional politics. The road network of the kingdom is extended to enough all of the major cities of Mesopotamia, while extensions connecting the new territories of the far north and east are currently underway. The Assyrian army is reorganized into five imperial sharu (18,000 troops), 17 provincial sharu (61,200 troops), and 40 reserve sharu (144,000 troops), for a total of 62 sharu (223,200 troops). The imperial bureaucracy is reorganized into pay grades and ranks, with the scribes now promoted based on merit rather than on their connections and titles. They are also separated from the churches by the king, with new members of the bureaucracy required to go through newly established state academies training the scribes in the methods of running the government. The professionalization of the bureaucracy is made possible through the adoption of papyrus for documentation, allowing for the publication of training and study material, as well as the increased literacy rates which provide the empire with a large pool of literate individuals capable of reading and writing government documents.
  • Lenapehoking: A thing called friendship ends, but it has to be one word, so that has done enough to damage the existence of the last Ice Cream Age, insofar as the mammoths are concerned. However, it did have some fun consequences for everyone (including the dodos on Mauritius) because of global warming. This was the beginning of a new era in the development of friendship of villages and small houses built by dwarfs and their pets dwarfdogs from the Lonely Mountains to the ocean new. Such is life in this Missouri we all expected to share; flowing down into souls within the halls of Hellheim and Valhalla and our Sovngarde and our hearts go on. The nation responds quickly to the rebellion in Iberia, with an additional army being sent to the colonies. Many of the settlers of the region are raised in defense of their new homes, but this only delays the native attackers for some time. Many villages are destroyed and people killed, before reinforcements arrive. Lenapehoking: A thing called friendship ends, but it has to be one word, so that has done enough to damage the existence of the last Ice Cream Age, insofar as the mammoths are concerned. However, it did have some fun consequences for everyone (including the dodos on Mauritius) because of global warming. This was the beginning of a new era in the development of friendship of villages and small houses built by dwarfs and their pets dwarfdogs from the Lonely Mountains to the ocean new. Such is life in this Missouri we all expected to share; flowing down into souls within the halls of Hellheim and Valhalla and our Sovngarde and our hearts go on. The nation responds quickly to the rebellion in Iberia, with an additional army being sent to the colonies. Many of the settlers of the region are raised in defense of their new homes, but this only delays the native attackers for some time. Many villages are destroyed and people killed, before reinforcements arrive.
  • Western Cree Confederation: Whilst touring the Northeast Territories, Supreme Chief Acawasqueiac becomes infatuated with a girl named Wasepeschan. Within three months of their first encounter, he marries her in a highly grandiose and expensive wedding – garnering the disapproval from the relatives of the late Miyonacohau, especially her elder brother, Miyicowisiwin. Due to Acawasqueiac's aversion (and subsequent neglect), Pascus is distant from his father. As a result, his aunt-in-law Osamusquasis is eventually granted full custody of him – reportedly under the pressure of Miyicowisiwin, whom Pascus views as a paternal figure. Under the guidance of Miyicowisiwin and Osamusquasis, Pascus begins an intensive study of law and politics – as well as mathematics and astronomy. Meanwhile, Wasepechan exploits her newfound power and wealth to spoil herself – using the money she acquires from her husband (allegedly funneled from the National Treasury) as well as the rent from her properties to buy massive quantities of cosmetics, pieces of jewelry, and luxury garments; a sharp contrast to brewing resent against the rich, a sentiment stemming from the continued proliferation of religious heterodoxy. In addition, she surrounds herself with numerous personal servants, though any criticism of her is squashed by Acawasqueiac and called out as slander. Acawasqueiac commences a program of militarization, building two more arsenals and expanding the current one – thus increasing the production of polearms, swords, and gunpowder weapons such as firearms and artillery. In particular, pistols and muskets of the wheel-lock and the snaphance mechanism are produced, though due to the massive expenses needed to produce them, the majority of arms remain match-lock. Artillery, however, sees little progress in complexity, as the need for mobility necessitates their small size – at the expense of their capacity as siege engines. Acawasqueiac also monopolizes the mining industry, thus monopolizing the acquisition of sulfur and saltpeter (potassium nitrate) – both components of gunpowder, alongside charcoal (which is purchased from private timber plantations). In addition, he also establishes new foundries to boost ferrous metallurgy, with bloomeries being displaced/supplemented by the blast-furnace and the finery forge. Meanwhile, major landowners – facilitated by the gradual codification of property rights – begin to establish rural agricultural estates in the form of plantations. Cultivated crops, aside from newly-introduced flax, include North American rice (though the bulk of it remains imported from the Ojibwe), sunflowers (for their oil and seed), maple trees (for syrup and sugar), hardwoods (for furniture and woodcarving), and pulpwoods (for the production of paper). In addition, these estates include apiaries which produce not only honey but processed beeswax and mead. However, a major problem – that of relative scarcity in labor – is readily apparent.

1580-1585

The Tarascans discover that most of the native tribes of the Philippines are highly hostile to them. The exception to this is the Kingdom of Maynila, which expresses interest in working with the Tarascan envoys.

Local nomarchs in the Egyptian Empire regularly sends scholars to study in the vast and impressive Library of Nineveh. Knowledge gained from these ventures don’t travel equally throughout the empire, however, and remain cultivated across states in the Levant and Arabia. Meanwhile, the Meccan Confederacy pushes south to control the spice trade, and conquers the City-states of ‘Ad and Thamud.

The invasion by the Aztec Empire against the nation of Huastec results in a decisive Aztec victory, with the region being captured. The Aztec suffer 8,540 casualties, while the Huastec people suffer 14.750 casualties.

A new disease outbreak occurs in the Middle East, affecting large urban centers in Egypt and Assyria. Likewise, disease continues to spread across Europe, devastating local tribes.

The issue of the Ghost Dance Reformation causes crisis in the Sioux Empire, as local chiefdoms within the nation become split on matters of religion. The eastern one-half of the nation and the nation’s capital remain firmly loyal to the Cahokian faith, but in the west numerous local lords accept the Ghost Dance. A civil war breaks out in the nation, which also draws attention from neighboring states. Under the impetus of religious leader Wovoka and Shoshone Emperor Ondongarte, an alliance called the League of Tövusi emerges, which intervenes in the Sioux war on the side of the reformers.

The Kingdom of Temiminó continues exploration of the east, settling a number of trade posts in southern Africa. The nation also consolidates control over the Fluminense Lowland, after becoming the dominant center in the region.

Further to the north the House of Xeta forms a personal union over the nation of Aweikoma, leading to the unified Crown of Aimoré. North of this, the Tupinambá are reunited, forming a powerful state in the northeast corner of the continent. The latter launches a number of expeditions to the West African coast, founding a settlement at OTL Libreville.

  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: Queen Cockacoeske at last dies, thus ending the marital union with Delaware. Her daughter Pocahontas succeeded her as ruler of the kingdom. She was very similar in goals and personality to her mother, but was generally more relaxed and focused on the expansion of tradition and arts rather than sheer strength. The Great Bay Bridge was at last completed at this time, facilitating trade and travel across both sides of the Chesapeake Bay. The itinerant explorer and merchant Yaroke of Sicoke travels to the far east, extensively documenting the kingdom of the Appalachian mountains, and continuing farther east to make pilgrimage to the great holy city of Cahokia. In Britain, larger urban settlements are built to make grander cities around Leerdoun, New Mattawoman, and Woroke. The New Powhatan Trading Company sends another expedition into Scotland. 1,700 native auxiliaries are dispatched along with 1,300 regular military, in addition to the allied Saxon nations. They first push north along the coast to seize control of Edinburgh, before pressing on to take Innverness. The fleet of twelve ships are sent to secure the region, blockading supplies of other colonial nations. A diplomatic envoy seeks to improve relations with the Aztec Empire. We offer to establish clear borders between our colonial claims, and create a pact of non-regression in general. We offer to facilitate trade for the Aztecs with northern nations of America as well as establishing a free exchange of history and technology.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: During his later reign, Aucamar II becomes known as "the Good King" because of his charity and care for the people's welfare. After witnessing the effects of war firsthand in Baracoa, the king makes it his policy to avoid wars of aggression and distance Ayiti from external political conflicts. This allows the kingdom's vassals in Cubao to grow apart from Ayiti, but helps strengthen and stabilize the core of the nation. Aucamar's biggest project, the Xaraguan Road, connecting all parts of the island, is completed in 1580. He also establishes several temples along this road, dedicating them to various gods and goddesses. Even though he wants to avoid war, Aucamar still works to improve Ayiti's defensive and military capabilities in case the people should be forced to fight. Making use of new technologies brought from the Guarani Empire, the snaphance firing mechanism is adopted, as part of the transition from primitive arquebuses to modern musketry that has been sweeping across the continents. Culverins and field guns become the standard army artillery, as it is beneficial for a mobile island nation like Ayiti not to be weighed down by heavy bombards.
  • Miskito: The king decides to get a new colony up and running and sends 300 colonists to try to settle New Miskito OTL Cartage [Mod Response needed]. The king also starts reforming the electors give Western and Eastern Nicaraguay two electors, western Honduras one and the colony one.
  • Xacapáy: The reign of Oacpicagigua II would be considered a golden age for the Kingdom of the Delta, as under his leadership the nation successfully defended against numerous invaders, had expanded significantly past its borders for the first time, and had prospered in aspects of culture and art. During the later one-half of his reign, the Kingdom of the Delta would undergo a military reformation of the Ahwitkapa, as the nation recognized the need to continually upgrade its military capabilities following its outward expansion. The result was the Hûmok (“Three) System, in which veteran pikemen, swordsmen, and musketeers would be mixed together into mobile squares, organized into groups of three. In 1562 this system was tested, as the nation went to war with Chumash to the northwest. Initially a war at sea, the Deltan navy successfully defeated the Chumash at the Battle of Pimugna, to gain control over the seas directly south of Tongva. On land the Chumash would attempt to incite the Tongvans to rebel, leading to a fierce series of battles near the nation’s border. By 1563 the war had ended, with the Deltans occupying the southern islands, and successfully repulsing the invasion at the border. Oacpicagigua II would die in 1570 at the age of 62, and was succeeded by his grandson Ohatchecama. Less ambitious than his predecessor, Ohatchecama continued peace in the region, but continued naval-based exploration of the west. Initial expeditions to the region had discovered the small islands to the west to be mostly useless, but nonetheless the government had sent an expedition in 1564, which eventually encountered spice producing kingdoms. The larger expedition in 1564 would continue far to the west, reaching OTL Maluku and the Philippines. Two native chiefdoms would be encountered named Tidore and Ternate, which the nation would form trade agreements with in the following years. The new monarch would order a trade post to be established on Halmahera to facilitate trade with both chiefdoms, and within a year 500 people had been dispatched to the region. Numerous islands would also see temporary trade posts or structures built on them to aid ships in the region, the most prominent ones being built at OTL Tarawa and Yaren. In the following years the region encountered a drought much larger than normal, which strained the resources of the region. Although the Delta had one of the most intricate water retention systems in the region, as most nations by this time have many forms of irrigation and water acquisition, the kingdom would still be hit by the negative environmental effects. Under these circumstances the Pàlocrats strived, as the shortage caused the price of water to surge. Trade caravans across the Ngáchishtemal carried water in high numbers, backed by the trained guards of the Delta. The drought would cause a chain of events further to the east, as many Apache settlers migrated south or west, pushing others northwest toward the Delta. Ohatchecama would die unexpectedly in 1571, having only fathered a young daughter named Stotahiosigam. Instead he was succeeded by his nephew, Irataba IV, although this was not without disagreement from his uncle, the brother of both Irataba IV’s father and Oacpicagigua II, Avihavasuts.
  • Beothuk: With most of Wales and Ireland under Beothukian control, they are merged into a new province called Celtland. It is headed by Governor Jalkorn. The spire to the heavens is started being built.
  • Tarascan State: Due to an error involving exonyms and endonyms, we have incorrectly referred to Guamar as Tonallan. The actual nation of Tonallan is inside of Xalisco. Compared to the Purepecha homeland, Guamar is sparsely populated. This makes absorbing the territory easier as we do not have to move as many people there to create Purepecha dominance in the area. The Tarascan military undergoes another reform. Specialization of the military is good, but useless classifications must be removed. Thus all of the normal infantry (without any special weapons such as grenades) are all under one classification and form groups according to such. The military adopts a decimal-like organizational system for troops much like the Roman one. The bond between people in the same Masapi (smallest unit in the military, consisting of ten soldiers) is stressed as well as discipline . We hope that this will give us an edge over other traditional Mesoamerican militaries. Snaphances are widely used now in what are early forms of muskets. Grenades are upgraded to give horrifying shrapnel injuries to whoever suffers an explosion of one. Some experimental grenades are made of glass and are filled with gunpowder and sharp pieces of iron are used, but they are not very useful and are quickly trashed. A settlement on the Lamon Bay is founded, bordering the kingdom of Maynila. This settlement is used to conduct trade with the Maynilans, whom we trade cotton and avocados for jade. Many settlements are fortified, especially Irepanianhatapu located on Davao.
  • Mi'kma'ki: In the year 1582, King Mu'in I dies and is suceeded by his son, Mu'in II. King Mu'in II attempts to live up to his father's legacy. He builds a statue of his father in the Mi'kmaq capital, Mniku. In the famous Mu'in University, ancient Cahokian aqueducts are studied and subsequently built in the nation, transporting water from rivers and lakes where it is needed. Meanwhile, in Kespek City, a large marketplace is built, which soon becomes a busy market bursting with products brought in from trade. The trade port of M'jipuktuk grows rich with trade and gold, and the M'jipuktuk Museum stores some of the finest art of the kingdom. The colony in Cantabria comes to cover the entirety of the Cantabri territory and begins to expand into Basque lands. Meanwhile, the island of Cyprus and the north African coast are explored.
  • Western Cree Confederation: Wasepeschan's persistent overindulgence and the rumored abuse of palatial servants begins to place a toll on Supreme Chief Acawasqueiac's reputation. High Chief Miyicowisiwin exploits this to bolster his own popularity and muster greater public support for the conservative faction of the Grand Council. This occurs under the scornful gaze of Acawasqueiac, who still retains firm popularity within the military despite the continued expansion of the civilian government within the prefectures. Miyicowisiwin eventually amasses 40% of the vote (though voter turnout remains low due to the majority of actually-realized voters residing in the urban areas), with Acawasqueiac narrowingly winning a third term with 50% of the vote; the remainder is split between numerous smaller candidates. Despite ultimately winning the election, Acawasqueiac feels threatened. Shortly following the end of the elections, the High Chief is assassinated, thus putting Pascus – now a handsome, precocious youth – at more odds against his biological father, whom many places blame on the former's death. Pascus is now placed under the sole custody of Osamusquasis, who continues to educate him in law and political matters. Despite their cold relationship, Acasqueiac also sends several personal advisors to instruct him in military affairs, as many expect him to succeed his father in power (in spite of the customary tradition of not letting a close relative succeed into power). Despite the recent controversies, Acawasqueiac's power remains largely undisturbed. To prevent potential political dissent, however, Acawasqueiac expands the criminal code. He also establishes the Office of Censors (or the "Censorate"), which is a body under the Board of Personnel which is in charge of regulating literary criticism of the government. In addition, a formal census is declared, with the population determined to be approximately 2.1 million – an increase from 1.25 million in 1500 (the time of the last census). Noticing the increasingly restive state of the Constabulary, presumably due to the continued expansion of the civilian government within the prefectures (at the expense of their own power), he rewards the military aristocracy with further land grants (from common land) and tax exemptions. He also orders the invasion of the Interior Salish and the Tlingit – first to establish a route to the Pacific and achieve direct trade with the elusive Mesoamericans, and secondly, to establish a direct route to California (thus reducing reliance on overland routes controlled by the Sioux and the Shoshone. Aside from this, he also codifies the institution of slavery, though it remains a minor one with a negligible (~1%) of the population being slaves – often captives from border skirmishes, of exclusively non-Cree origin. Militarization continues. Polearms, swords, and gunpowder weapons (particularly pistols, muskets, and artillery) are produced in increasing numbers, while ferrous metallurgy continues to develop. Armor and bows (and arrows) continue to be obtained from private workshops in contracts with the government. The Confederation continues to experience prosperity due to the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow – and to a lesser extent, pemmican, bronzeware, apicultural goods (honey, mead, wax), and salt. Within urban centers, small-scale workshops specializing in the production of wares and manufacturers continue to emerge. An architectural movement characterized by the usage of stone and/or brick (instead of timber, traditionally the foremost medium), and elaborate facades and interiors, emerges. However, this movement – referred to as "Cree Baroque" – is largely limited to the Three Cities and its suburbs. A reinvigorated agricultural sector, fuelled by the abundance of land and pasture (for the semi-feral bison herds), triggers a population boom. Crop rotation – alternating between maize, tepary or common beans, and fallow (or clover) – is widely practiced. Iron plows, threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills, continue to diffuse; though the majority of villages own and jointly-operate one. The growth of vast estates such as plantations (growing flax, wild rice, sunflowers, and various woods), apiaries, and mines (leased to the government), continues.
  • Assyrian Empire: The reports of widespread deaths throughout the region of the Middle East horrifies the ruling council of Assyria, which immediate draws upon plans to preserve as much of their society as possible from the coming wave of death. News of entire communities of people being wiped out by the foreign contagion convinces the king that action must be taken to protect the royal family as well as the most important members of society responsible for the survival of the state. Based on the existing information returned to the king by the Etaku agents in the far west, approximately one-half of the population in most regions of the known world have died off. Indeed, Assyrian merchants based out of Greece, Egypt, and Anatolia report the same terrible news through their networks. In preparation for the plague, large storehouses protected by the army are constructed in the mountains, while copies of important works and state documents are preserved in army vaults throughout Assyria. Members of Assyria's elite send their offspring off to Parsa, while others send their children and loved ones into Arabia where they pray the desert sands will isolate them from the disease. The king divides his family into groups, and sends them off into multiple provinces to reside in the large citadels of the cities, where they will be protected from the infected who are growing in number each day. Eshaya and his consort remain in Ninveh, where the order is given by the royal guard to fill the palace moats, and to set fire to a large trench built around the palace in the large open square that surrounds the palace. To prevent the fire from raging throughout the city, a second trench is built for the flames to be maintained within, preventing them from spreading beyond the designated area. A line of succession is set out by the king establishing which members of the ruling family are to become the next ruler in the event of a mass dying within the family. To prevent abuse of the system and potential assassinations, members of the Etaku are placed throughout all of the major cities secretly, with orders to keep watch over the potential successors and punish those who violate the king's watches by striking from the shadows. With the line of succession secured, King Eshaya gives the order to begin quarantining entire cities, preventing the infected from entering the major population centers, and authorizing the army to kill those in the countryside found to be infected with the disease. While many soldiers fear infection within their ranks, many believe that the sooner they wipe out the centers of infection, the sooner their families will be saved from the disease. Churches tend to the dead and dying, throwing the bodies of the diseased into the Tigris and Euphrates rivers after their consecration by the clergy members of the empire. Assyrians living abroad are instructed not to return to the homeland for the duration of the crisis, with the colonists in Parsa halting their expansion to focus on tending to those fleeing from the devastation in Assyria. Indeed, the garrison forces of Parsa are instructed by the local authorities of the colonies to lock down the region and to assist with the protection of the storehouses holding much of the food for the settlements. The Arabs who were once welcomed in the cities are blocked from visiting, mainly to ease the concerns of the Assyrians fearful that the pagan foreigners might bring with them the blight destroying much of the civilized world. The scholars who led the intellectual growth of Assyria mobilize to protect the foreign population of the empire, by condemning the xenophobic attitudes of their peers, and warning that the plague does not discriminate from the native and foreigner, and that Assyrian farmers and expatriates are just as likely to be infected as foreigners are.
  • Guarani Empire: By now the naval build up started 15 years ago with the assistance of Ayitian naval experts would have ended, yielding massive results with the previously small military fleet of coastal vessels having been fully transformed into a large warfleet worthy of the nation's size. In total the new Imperial navy would pocess 26 Heavy Warships: nine Galleons of 300-600 Tons, having ca. 50 guns each and 16 War Carracks of 200-400 Tons and ca. 40 guns each, The Flagship of the fleet being the Man o' War "Ãngue Aravera" - "Spirit of Thunder" of 1200 Tons and 136 Guns. Naval guns would also be stored in large quantities in the arsenals so the arming of merchant vessels can be swift in war time. With the strong naval development patrolling of big trade lanes would be instituted, leading the formerly very high levels of piracy in the open sea routes to be reduced significantly. Taking advantage of the build up Kuarahykatu would issue the first colonial expedition of the Guarani in 1580, maps adquired from heavy contact with northern, mainly Ayitian, traders would be used making navigation easy. Seven ships would take part in the first voyage which would head toward the southwestern coast of Africa, the fleet would explore the coast of OTL Congo and Angola, finding a suitable island and founding a settlement called Ypahatã in OTL Luanda in 1581. After founding the settlement, contact would be established with the local Imbangala and Mbundu peoples who would show themselves friendly, commerce with these groups would start shortly after with local slaves becoming the primary good and attracting many merchants of the mainland to this profitable new venture. Further small expeditions in the region would be issued in the ensuing years and another settlement is founded in OTL Benguela in 1584. Following the deep army-naval reforms carried out through the previous decade the ambitious Mburuvicha would look to test his remade military forces and grow his Empire further, expansion eastward would, however, be deemed too risky with the powerful Xakriabás now very worried of Guarani encroachments in their sphere of influence. Thus the Emperor would look to justify a war upon one of his Western neighbours, finding opportunity in the Het as economic tension between the them and us would keep on growing throughout the century. In 1582, an incident would be secretly staged where a (not really)Het warship opens fire upon imperial merchant vessels resulting in the sinking of two ships. This supposed incident would be highly played up by Kuarahykatu, while skirmishes in the border see an increase. As tensions increase the crown would make ready for war with the five Standing Nemhedahs being directed south, in 1584 Tensions would reach high levels and war is declared upon their nation. The Mobilization of ten more regiments - 57,600 - would commence. The five Standing Nemhedahs - 28,880 -, led by the Emperor himself and his most trusted commanders, would be sent rapidly across the border along with 62 Culverin artillery pieces, to secure and fortify bridgeheads and capture key forts/towns while the Het army is still being mustered, earning significant tactical advantage. The Nemhedahs being raised would be directed as soon as they were ready across the border along with 49 more Culverin pieces, to reinforce the regiments there. At sea the Guarani would prepare their Warfleet and convert 32 Merchantships into armed crafts, giving a total of 58 Vessels which would set sail to the Platine basin and engage any present Het fleets. after defeating them or if there are none the navy would then proceed to blockade enemy ports and their river acesses. After the five Nemhedahs receive their reinforcments Kuarahykatu would lead another offensive with the presumably almost full force of 15 Nemhedahs - 86,400 -, to achieve a decisive victory in battle against the adversary forces.
  • Nitasina (Innu): An army reform takes place, with eight soldiers (based on the Innu Base 8 system) being placed into one mitshetu, officially a natupanu-mitshetu, who live in small camps. 20 mitshetus are assigned to an Ashit, officially a natupanu-Ashit, making a total of 160 soldiers in an Ashit. In the navy, a Ush (one battleship), made of around 20 crew members, are assigned officially a natupanu-mitshetu, officially a natupanu-mitshetu,_squadron_, containing eight boats of similar sizes. Each Ashit contains 16 infantry mitshetus, two cavalry mitshetus, one siege mitshetu, and one special mitshetu, varying between Ashits. An invasion of Kent is made in the colonies with 2,000 men to secure the English straits. (Mod Response Requested). Infrastructure to other cities is improved, especially to the newly founded merchant city of Kepek.

1585-1590

After being forced out of their initial colonies by the Innu and Beothuk, the nation of Abenaki launches a new expedition to the British Isles, founding two settlements at OTL Anglesey and OTL Man, and a year later a third at OTL Dublin, after that area is conquered from the local Irish tribes on the eastern one-half of the island.

The Cherokee found a trade post at OTL Nouakchott, and later a second at OTL Casablanca in Morocco. The settling of the latter causes a dispute with the local Moroccans, and after a brief war, the Cherokee force the Moroccans to accept an unequal treaty, in which they also cede the region of Melilla to the attackers.

The Western Cree invasion of the Interior Salish and Tlingit results in a decisive Cree victory, with the Western Cree managing to occupy the Salish territory. The Cree suffer 5,870 casualties, the Salish suffer 5,460 casualties, and the Tlingit suffer 3,400 casualties. The Tlingit offer a peace in which they cede a small strip of land to the Cree on the coast, and acknowledge the conquest of the Interior Salish, however, the Salish continue to resist the occupation, and request aid from the Salish Empire to the south.

The Iroquois found a colony in northwest Ireland, as their first colony in the continent. In response the nation of Nunavut increases its efforts in the region, conquering Ulster while also expanding its holdings in Scotland.

The Miskito settlers arrive in the Carthage region, only to discover the Lenni Lenape city at the harbor of Carthage. They instead settle a trade post to the west of Carthage, with some joining the Lenape or returning home.

The Innu invasion of Kent is successful, with the region being captured by the Innu. The native people of Kent make a request to the Powhatan, with whom they have an alliance, asking that they repulse the Innu, The Innu suffer 450 casualties, while the Kentish suffer 1,100 casualties.

Diseases devestate the populations of Egypt and Mesopotamia in far greater numbers, affecting every level of society. The Meccan Confederacy manages to conquer all of the Nejd and Jabal Shammar regions, and seizes the opportunity of Assyria's weakened state to strike invasions against Mari and Larsa. They seek a far more ambitious domination of the elder civilization, under the banner of an empire called the "Kalifat". Meanwhile, Egypt faces a civil war after the death of the Pharaoh, where a rival successor to the throne breaks off the southern provinces from Elephantine to Nabata.

The initial invasion of the Het by the Guarani Empire results in a narrow victory for the Guarani, with the Guarani suffering 10,240 casualties, and the Het suffering 14,350 casualties. This is followed by a decisive victory, in which the Guarani suffer 9,940 casualties, while the Het suffer 17,540 casualties.

  • Assyrian Empire: The governor of Mari, Chiram, son of the famous Hodiya of Mari, rallies all of the Assyrian soldiers within his province and those of the neighboring provinces to repel the foreign invaders. A total of seven sharu (25,200 troops) are mobilized by the governor, who counterattacks the Meccans invading from the southwest, while a message is sent back to the heartland region requesting reinforcements as quickly as possible. Near Larsa, the local thirteen provincial and reserve sharu are mobilized from Larsa and the surrounding provinces for a total of 46,800 troops. Using the rivers as a bulwark, the Assyrians drive the Arabs toward crossings they control, limiting the size of the forces commanded by the Arabs, and giving the Assyrians the local numerical advantage. While the invaders are stalled, two sharu from the province of Susa arrive in the city of Lagash, bringing the total force of Assyrians to 54,000. These men fortify the south, preventing Meccan expansion into the north along the river, forcing the Arabs to either attack directly into the numerically superior Assyrian army, or to stay in the desert without supplies. In the north, the request for reinforcements is received and heeded, with the provincial governors sending a total of six sharu join the exist force in Mari, bringing the number of troops up to 46,800 troops. Governor Chiram wastes no time in striking at the Meccan forces, pursuing them along a chain of oases using information provided by the Assyrian merchants who once lived in Arabia. Assyrian cavalry screen the flanks of the army, as well as scout ahead to secure fresh water and food for the troops. Arabs found to be aiding the enemy forces are put to the sword, and their possessions used to sustain the Assyrian troops entering the region. Likewise, the supplies of the slain enemy forces are added to those of the Assyrians, helping them to avoid becoming reliant upon pillaging the enemy towns and villages. Throughout the campaign, the Assyrians seek to weaken the Meccan forces by attacking their cities and places of refuge. The bodies of the infected dead are taken and flung into the camps of the Meccans soldiers, who upon return to their cities spread the blight among their own people, bringing the lethal disease into Arabia. Enemy camps discovered by the Assyrians are also set on fire using animals with torches strapped to their backs, and directed to flee into the tents of the enemy. Knowing that they are the main vanguard against the invaders, the Assyrian troops turn to brutality to ensure the Arabs learn the lesson as to why it was wrong to defy their superiors. In many instances, the Assyrian troops completely ignore the forces of the enemy and attack the camps housing their wives and children, slaughtering or kidnapping them and then striking the demoralized enemy forces. The prisoners captured by the Assyrians are flayed and carried into battle, with the sight of the dying men terrifying the Arabs with the potential fate of joining them. Assyrian cavalrymen move at night to reach the enemy camps to poison the food and drink of the Arab camels and steeds, denying the enemy the ability to scout and rely on mobility. Elsewhere, the Assyrian merchants who operated freely within Egypt flee the country. Utilizing the chaos of civil war to escape, the Assyrians bring with them all of their wealth and possessions, impoverishing the Egyptians as they take with them the cattle, gold, precious gems, and knowledge that had been responsible for helping build up that nation. Upon returning to Assyria, the merchants re-establish themselves back home, using their wealth to help pay for the army forces needed to repel the invading Arab armies of the south.
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: The sudden attack on Kent by the Innu, a fresh incursion violating our standing peace agreement with them, took the nation largely off-guard, but quickly the defense of New Powhatan flew into action. Neighboring auxiliary forces of Saxon recruits are sent in to support the remaining defense forces in Kent, and push the Innu back to the sea. Additional forces are sent to surround the opposing flank of the Innu are dispatched as reinforcements, funneled through the naval ports on the Channel Islands. A nortorious pirate is hired as privateer by the NPTC, and utilizes his unique set of skills to raid and pillage the Innu navy near the coast, named Captain Blackfoot. Blackfoot fills several ships with gunpowder, and uses them as fire ships to strike against the Innu ships trying to land on the sothern coast of Britain. An additional navy of ships are dispatched from the homeland, first to severly bombard the Innu settlements in Tintegal, then close in to blockade the Channel. Finally, our Saxon allies near Kent, particularly Wessex, are asked to aid in the defense of Kent in order to better secure their own position from invaders. In the aftermath of this conflict, the New Powhatan Trading Company decides that the individual Saxon kingdoms in Britain are far too small and vulnerable against outside incursion, which is a detriment to both themselves and the colonies. So the Saxon kings are offered to voluntarily submit their armies to the New Powhatan auxilerary force, which is far better equipped and organized as a means of national defense. In exchange for helping to secure and protect their nation better, the Saxon kings would be required to relinquish control over economic exports and imports. 
  • Aztec Empire: After the recent wars have concluded Aztec hegemony in central America with little opposition in the region, the focus comes back to the colonial ambitions. His majesty, the elderly Emperor Mocuhteczoma III orders to conquer Aquitania. For that purpose, the 10,000 soldiers, now with muscets and artillery, are send out to invade the Aquitanian vassal of Poitou, which the Aztecs call by the Celtic name of Piktavia (Pictahuia in Nahuatl), and Aquitania proper. The invasion of Aquitania is started in the spring of 1585, so that in case of a longer campaign, the army could live off the fall harvest. The invaders from the Acuitan colony are supported with 50 cannons, 100 musketeers, 200 cavalrists and 1,000 infantrymen. The Breton offensive is far larger, with 500 Breton soldiers and cavalrists, 2,000 Aztec men additionally. The Amazigh army sees its first European combat as well, with 40 of them supporting the invasion as musketeers. The navy is expanded by 20 ships, one-half of them are battleships. The infrastructure in the newly conquered regions experience major improvements in infastructure and administration. The Huastec territory becomes the new home of the nephew of the emperor, the son of his brother Cuauhtemoc, Cuitlahuac is installed as leader after the former tribal rulers were either made to bend their knee or executed if they refuse to. The most roads have a smaller fort around the next larger town, so theft becomes way less common along the larger roads but also travelling on more rural roads is safer than before. The Amazixcan colony of Desert Hill becomes larger, as local chiefs sell land and cattle to the new port, as more servants are bought from them. The Universities of Tenochtitlan, Tlaxcalla and Tepeyacac receive many plants, animals and also native books. One of them comes through Ayitian merchants to the Aztec empire and falls into the hands of Tlacopan scholars. The books name is simply called "the book" in the Italic language (Latin). The scholars find out, that this book is a translation of an Assyrian religious script, brought to the Ayitian colonies through a Hitite merchant. In the book, the religious beliefs of a cult which awaits a Messiah figure are explained along with history of the region of its origin and the sacrifice of the son of God. What puzzles the scholars is the fact, that only one god is mentioned, sometimes referred to as "Father" or "Lord". Monotheism is an alien concept to the theologists of the old world, thus a large dispute breaks out whether these people the Aztecs themselves know little about, are right about their beliefs, if so, to what extent and if these people can be respected as an coequal civilized one. Another tale comes from Aquitania, where the story of Roland, a warrior whos story is told as a song or poem, is written down by Aztecs in the region. Massive investments in educations are made once again when the first Civic Schools are set up in almost every large city of the empire. Here the children of upper class members are prepared for positions as merchants, government officials and even manufacturers. These schools are opposed to the further study houses in temples which prepare the students to visit universities where they are prepared for a life as a theologist, priest or scholar.
  • Miskito: The king - not wanting to have a colonial war - abandons the Algerian colony and sets the former colonists along with 300 others and tries to settle OTL Gabon [Mod Response needed]. The king also starts training and making tactics to invade Eastern Honduras. The king hering word of this new religion from the Aztec starts to like it and in 1489 gets baptized.
  • Tarascan State: Many theologists realize there is an inherent problem with the Purepecha faith. The religion's dualistic nature explains how evil exists, yet it cannot explain the order of the universe. A possibility is that the main god is evil, but he has done good things for our people. The Theological branch of the Tzintzuntzan university is confused and is coming up with ever-more drastic theories that simply cannot be true. After receiving a vision in a dream multiple times, a prophet named Hutzimengari proposes that there is a set of laws that govern the entire universe, and they are even above the gods. This new religion urges people to live moral lives and rid themselves of earthly desires as the heavenly laws dictate it. This new religion is popular, but has yet to spread. Meanwhile, all men living inside of Tarascan territory are able to join the main army. The standing army is set to 80,000 men, and the reserves are set to 240,000 men. Roads are built to Pechichitane in what was the Guamar Confederacy, connecting Guamar to the rest of the Tarascan State. An invasion of Otomi is authorized, and 75,000 men with modern weaponry are sent to the Otomi Territory. The land of the Otomi are more rural and flat than the ones of the other nations we conquered, so there will be more Calvary present in this invasion force. Only ten large cannons will be brought.
    • Irepanianhatapu (Tarascan Philippines): In order to survive on these islands, we ask the friendly polities on these islands for information about any major tribes or nations in the islands. Any information about nations outside of the islands are appreciated too. We also send ships to map the islands, staying far from the coast but close enough to see details on the coastline. This policy is made in case of native attack. Fortified settlements are made on Natural harbors and fishing grounds. Many of these settlements are close to the Maynilan border for protection. We also now sell cacao for jade and pearls. At home, we start exporting jade, pearls and dried/salted fish from the Philippines (Who wants to buy?). An expedition to the north is funded by the West Sea Trading Company (WSTC) and lands at OTL Kaohsiung City. They are quickly chased out by the locals after two weeks there after some incidents. The expedition was able to bring back quite a large amount of Camphor wood, which has a strong fragrance.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in II builds up infrastructure and expanding his colonies. A settlement is founded on OTL Cyprus, called New Kespek (OTL Famagusta). In its initial year, the colony of Ala'siyamenigu (meaning "island of Alashiya") expands to cover much of OTL Famagusta District (of the OTL Republic of Cyprus), including the Karpas Peinsula. In New Kespek, a fort and basic defenses are built there. An active naval presence in Ala'siyamenigu is established, and some troops are sent to New Kespek to garrison the fort. Meanwhile, the colony of Ka'ntimaqamigew continues expanding into Basque lands, expanding into OTL Bizkaia/Biscay, Gipuzkoa/Guipuzcoa, and much of northern Araba/Alava. The governor of Ka'ntimaqamigew makes note of the ethnic and linguistic diversity of the Iberian Peninsula, and that even the languages of the Cantabri and Basques, even with their geographic proximity, are quite different. In Mi'kmaq colonial settlements in the New World, more housing is built to accomodate growing colonial populations, and in their respective territories, more farmland is created to support the colonist populations. Settlers are sent to colonial holdings, especially the new Ala'siyamenigu colony, to consolidate control. Meanwhile, on the Mi'kmaq mainland, infrastructure is continually built up. Scientific studies flourish in the intellectual sphere in Mi'kma'ki. A Mi'kmaq astronomer named Meanwhile, the Mi'kmaq aqueduct system is improved upon and expanded. The fort in M'jipuktuk is expanded upon and further built up in case of an attack from Wolastoqiyk and Abenaki, and the city walls are fortified. Meanwhile, the urban space in Mniku is rebuilt with wider roads and elaborate gardens. A new factory is built in Mniku. An exploration is sent to explore along the west African coastline. King Mu'in II offers to trade with the Kingdom of Miskito to the south. (MISKITO RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Nitasina (Innu): Not knowing of the Kent alliance to the Tenakomakah, another colonial war begins. Saxon rulers allied with the Tenakomakah, who would be forced to cede their economic rights to a foreign company in the aftermath of the war for protection they don't need and no compensation, the Innu offer to keep all the Saxon princes on their thrones with similar autonomy of the Numans (Normans) and Kuntsh (Cornish), trade agreements with the Innu, and protection against foreign incursions in exchange for their support against the Tenakomakah (Mod Response Requested). Leaders of Saxon forces fighting under the Tenakomakah are offered land ownership over some lands (like lords in medieval Europe) if they manage to defect themselves and the troops under their control to the Innu. (Mod Response Requested). Just in case, 2,000 mercenaries from Numanti (Normandy), who have fought with Innu supplied guns for a few decades now, are sent to guard or advance further into Kent (War Algorithm Requested), and 2,000 troops raised both from Kuntshassi (Cornwall) itself and some Numanti (Normandy), are sent to defend, and if possible take, some Kuntsh (Cornish) land (War Algorithm Requested). ITAU decides to fight fire with fire, and hires privateers to raid the coast of Tenakomakah colonies, along with a more professional merchant navy that is used to guard the coast, saying that any Tenakomakah allied ship captured could be kept by anyone who captures it, and would be paid a sum as well. However, if the sailors captured an Innu allied or another sailor who were operating under the same deal, no payment would be given and all other ships would be alerted that the ship had gone rogue and was available for the taking (Mod Response Requested). Meanwhile, infrastructure up and down the Naneuepanuat (St. Lawrence River) banks, especially to Kepek, are made, especially due to Kepek's growing prevalence in trade trafic between the south coast (US east coast) and the great lakes. Two Mitshetu of Nakashu ships (16 ships total) are sent to intercept any mainland Tenakomakah military vessels heading for the colonies and break the blockade (Mod Response Requested). Ships continue to assert dominance over the St. Lawrence River.
  • Salish Kindom: A force of 30,000, under one of the Salish's best generals, moves to link up with allies in the Vancouver area, and then fortify the pass at OTL Agassiz. Boats are used to ferry supplies. The walls of Dwuamish are improved with ditches, pillboxes, and the like (reminiscent of the second Ottoman siege of Vienna). Mukilteo and Snohomish are also given improved walls. Also to be featured in this army: a small battery of bombard cannons. The army consists of a mix of Pikemen and Arquebusiers, with supporting light cavalry. After the year of preparation, raids are done in support of the inland salish, as well as supplying their forces. However, we wait for the Cree to make the first move.
  • Lenapehoking: The nation establishes its first permanent naval presence in the eastern colonies, headquartered at the city of Ganschapuchk in the south of Iberia. Another important port is constructed at the colony of Carthage. From here, the colonial governors seek to discover the source of the Sea Peoples and to end their raids, and numerous expeditions are launched to the east. By this time, the first expeditions reach the Black Sea and both sides of the Italian peninsula. In order to better explore the east, a permanent settlement is later constructed on the island of Cyprus. Trade continues with Egypt and the states of the coast, with explorers traveling on land to the region for the first time. Numerous explorers would independently scout the region, in search of the Sea Peoples to vanquish them, but also in search of a rumored great treasure that the Sea Peoples have amassed. In search of this “City of Gold”, many look to the east, where the cities of the coast are situated. It is observed that many cities pay tribute to a fabled nation in the east, which they fear greatly.In 1585 an expedition is led by an explorer named Kiondashawa, who lands on the coast with 100 cavalrymen, 2,500 infantry, and 30 cannons. He travels to the city of Palmyra, where he attempts to negotiate/coerce a friendly relationship with the Palmyrene Empire. From them he learned of the chaos striking the region from disease, and the wars taking place in the eastern nation of “Assyria”. Seeking to take advantage of the opportunity, and in search of the fabled fortune of the east, Kiondashawa marches east of Palmyra. He notices that part of the region had been recently subjugated or attacked by the Assyrians, while others are fed up at the government for the great disaster taking place. The Lenni Lenape are a great sight to the natives, with some calling Kiondashawa the Second Coming of Christ. Numerous auxiliaries from Palmyra and other states, as well as rebels within Assyria, join the growing army on the march east. When the army arrives at the city of Nineveh, Kiondashawa demands that the city surrender to him immediately and forfeit its treasures. A smaller force remains in Palmyra to ensure that they continually supply the army in the east, and the second-in-command sends messages to the colonies in Iberia, as well as the ally of Powhatan, requesting that supplies be sent to the region.
  • Western Cree Confederacy: While on a hunting expedition, Supreme Chief Acawasqueiac suffers from a stroke, leaving him bed-ridden for a month. He appoints his estranged son (now aged 16 years), and his controversial wife Wasepeschan, as co-regents until he fully recovers. However, this arrangement receives substantial criticism with his political opponents pointing out that the arrangement is eerily resemblant of the monarchial systems that the Confederation was founded against. In addition, Acawasqueiac's continued reliance on the military aristocracy (as a voting bloc) to affirm his power further alienates him from the conservative faction of the Grand Council – which recently has reorganized and regained vigor under the leadership of Osamusquasis (the maternal aunt and "mother figure" of Pascus), whose career as a well-known jurist and likeable character has helped her acquire the position of High Chief. Following an assassination attempt, Acawasqueiac limits the number of troops employed within private militias to just fifty men and women – thus reducing the chances of political rivals of mustering enough troops to enact a successful revolt. He also coerces the Grand Council to grant him the title of Commander-in-Chief (whereas prior, he held a "first between equals" status with the eight legionary Generals), and to also permit the establishment of the Supreme Guard, an elite unit of a thousand troops (equivalent to a cohort) under the direct jurisdiction of the Supreme Chief. Despite continued affinities with the military aristocracy, the expansion of the civilian government within the prefectures continues – although the prefect continues to fulfill a gubernatorial role. The offer by the Tlingit is accepted, and a port named the "Rich Coast" is established in the territorial concession. A punitive expedition against the Coast Salish, ostensibly to reprimand their alleged support of the Interior Salish, is ordered by the Supreme Chief – led by Pascus himself. Militarization continues, with increased production of muskets (especially those with the wheellock and snaphance mechanisms) and low-caliber artillery. Gunpowder weapons continue to be incorporated into the military, with the heavy cavalry wielding a pistol for chasing routed enemies – though light cavalry continues to use a reflex bow, due to its superior firing rate and accuracy, and most importantly, its portability. Crossbows are outphased, with auxiliaries now wielding a musket as their prime weapon, with some elite auxiliaries also being given grenades. The Confederacy continues to experience prosperity due to the export of woolens, furs, leathers, and tallow – and to a lesser extent, pemmican, bronzeware, apicultural goods (honey, mead, wax), and salt. Within urban centers, small-scale workshops specializing in the production of wares and manufacturers continue to emerge. An architectural movement characterized by the usage of stone and/or brick (instead of timber, traditionally the foremost medium), and elaborate facades and interiors, emerges. However, this movement – referred to as "Cree Baroque" – is largely limited to the Three Cities and its suburbs. A reinvigorated agricultural sector, fuelled by the abundance of land and pasture (for the semi-feral bison herds), triggers a population boom. Crop rotation – alternating between maize, tepary or common beans, and fallow (or clover) – is widely practiced. Iron plows, threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills, continue to diffuse; though the majority of villages own and jointly-operate one. The growth of vast estates such as plantations (growing flax, wild rice, sunflowers, and various woods), apiaries, and mines (leased to the government), continues.

1590-1595

The native people of Levant who encounter the Delaware invaders point them to the city of Tyre as the origin point of the Sea People. Tyre for a long time had been ruled by a dictatorship of mercenary and nomadic sailors, but have felt secure in their impregnable fortress city due to their walls that go straight down to the sea.

During the Meccan invasion of the Assyrian Empire, the Meccans attack the initial army raised by the Assyrians at the Battle of Dura-Europos, near Mari, which results in a Meccan victory. The Assyrians suffer 7,980 casualties, while the Meccans suffer 3,860 casualties. The Arabs continue with invading parts of the Upper Tigris region and Levant, seizing the weakened state of the ongoing Egyptian Civil War to claim the Transjordan region. They petition the Lenape Kingdom to support their claim and soverignty of the Fertile Crescent. 

In the southeast of the nation, the Assyrians are successful at driving the Meccans back to the south, with the Assyrians suffering 4,840 casualties, and the Meccans suffering 2,900 casualties. Pursuing the Meccans into Arabia itself, the armies meet at the Battle of the Camps, in which the Assyrians famously attack the Arabian civilians in the camps, only to discover this to have been a trap, with the Meccans defeating the Assyrian attackers. The Assyrians suffer 8,410 casualties, while the Meccans suffer 3,830 casualties. The Assyrians continue to be highly affected by smallpox, with an estimated quarter of the population dying thus far. The Meccans also encounter the disease during their invasion north.

On the island of Cyprus, a Delaware farmer encounters a pig tearing up his crops, and immediately kills it. However, the pig belongs to a M’ikamaq farmer on Framagustra, and demands taking the farmer to local authorities for murdering his chattel. This causes diplomatic incident, as the island has been claimed by the settlements of both M’ikamaq and Lenape kingdoms.

The Aztec Empire encounters numerous obstacles during its invasion of Aquitaine, stemming from disease and a lack of supply, but also from a large number of native French deserting to the cause of the French confederacy. Under the leadership of Carloman’s son, Pepin, an army from all across the region fights back against the Aztec, raiding settlements all along the coast. Despite this, at the Battle of Noviodunum the Aztec secure a decisive victory, with the Aztec suffering 540 casualties, the Aztec native allies suffering 1,980 casualties, and the defenders suffering 5,790 casualties.

The invasion of Otomi by the Tarascan State results in a decisive Tarascan victory. The Tarascans suffer 8,540 casualties, while the defenders of Otomi suffer 15,490 casualties.

The Siege of Nineveh, in which Lenape, Mari, Palmyrene, and Levantine forces attack the Assyrian city, results in an Assyrian defeat, and the city surrendering to the attackers. The Lenape suffer 640 casualties, the Lenape allies suffer 12,300 casualties, and the Assyrians suffer 42,480 casualties, as well as the loss of numerous civilians. 

The Powhatan counterattack in Kent results in a decisive Powhatan victory, with the Powhatan retaking Kent. The Powhatan suffer 230 casualties, the Powhatan allies suffer 540 casualties, and the Innu and their allies suffer 1,260 casualties. In Cornwall the Innu are defeated, with the Powhatan suffering 340 casualties, the Powhatan allies suffering 500 casualties, and the Innu suffering 1,010 casualties.

Raids launched by the Salish Empire stale the Cree advance against the Interior Salish, but nonetheless resistance in the region is defeated. The Cree suffer 2,100 casualties, the Interior Salish suffer 3,020 casualties, and the Salish Empire suffers 450 casualties. At the Battle of Agassiz, the Salish successfully hold the pass, despite fierce attacks from the Cree. The Salish suffer 5,030 casualties, while the Cree suffer 4,100 casualties.

  • Mayan Empire: The small states are now satisfied with gaining their nobility rights. We gladly accept the M'ikamaqi trade deal. We do not appreciate the claims in Mauretania and Guinea-Bissau, but are still willing to cooperate in Mesoamerica.
  • Lhasa:
    1. In the the mountains of Tibet the city of Lhasa rests, consisting of 10,000 souls, humble by the standards of other worldly cities, but grand for the region. There stands several palaces, notably one of the Dalai Lama and one of the city’s petty King Dolma. The city, sustained by yaks, barley, and a few other hardy crops, sees a period of some boom as the population begins to increase at an increased rate.
    2. King Dolma, one of the only settled rulers on the Tibetan Plateau, has a mid-life crisis and decides to expand his holdings. In this period nothing particularly grand is accomplished, primarily a new monastery-colony is built in the hinterlands and military expeditions are sent out to extort tribute from neighboring nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes, usually in the form of yaks, salt, gold and silver (common resources of the Plateau). Additionally the growing population pressures incentivizes some to seek fortunes elsewhere, and military expeditions discover previously unknown locations, passes, and routes; these result into the discovery of some new trade routes, leading to a reinforcement of a positive feedback loop resulting in greater prosperity, and thus expansion, for the city and King Dolma’s dominion.
  • Miskito: The king decides to place 10,000 troops on the Eastern Honduras border using the tactics they used in their other wars[Mod Response Needed]. The king also sends 300 people to try to settle OTL Gabon [Mod Response Needed]. The king also sends the Aztec, Ayitian, Mayan and Tarascan an envoy to secure the friendship.
  • Lenapehoking: After the conquest of Nineveh the army garrisons the city and orders fortifications to be rebuilt. The city is ransacked in search of treasure, with all valuables being seized, and most of this fortune being then transported to the coast. The Palmyrene government, the Mari, and other people who supported the army, are handsomely paid, while the first load of treasure departs by ship for Lenapehoking itself. Palmyra becomes a de facto protectorate of the nation, with Kiondashawa ordering the Palmyrene king to continue supplying him, and to begin building inroads into Assyria. Likewise Mari is released as a Lenape vassal from Assyria’s northwest territory, with its own autonomous government, as long as it continuously supplies food, men, and tribute to the Lenni Lenape. Another army arrives in Palmyra, and elects to invade the nation of Qatna in the south, to create a colony in the region and move toward Tyre. A fleet is sent to the region a couple years later, which lays siege to Tyre to conquer the city. All across the region it is observed that disease is running rampant. The Lenape don’t make any effort to protect the hostile natives of Assyria, and they continue to die in large numbers. The Assyrian civilians, and also their sick, are exiled from the north and told to march back into Mesopotamia and the surrounding area, and they flee via the roads away from the destruction. A large number of people are also enslaved, with many slaves being sent to the coast, and women are imprisoned by the explorer’s party. Thousands of Assyrians are to be eventually shipped away from the region, populating plantations in the west. The old temples and “churches” are demolished across Nineveh and the occupied territory and the so called “Christians” and other groups are made to convert to the proper faith. A mission is established in Nineveh, Mari, and other cities of the north, to convert people in large numbers to the Cahokian faith. With “King Eshaya” presumed to be dead, with one of the princes, Aharon, being installed as a puppet king. When he dies soon after of disease, another relative, Elihu is installed as puppet king. Under the orders of the Lenape, Elihu orders the northern one-half of Assyria to crush the “rebellion” taking place in Lower Mesopotamia, and Kiondashawa’s Lenape army marches with tens of thousands of Assyrians and other natives toward the conquest of the south. The rest of the Assyrian Empire is to be crushed, with those remaining submitting to Elihu and Lenape rule. Repeat, Lenapehoking: After the conquest of Nineveh the army garrisons the city and orders fortifications to be rebuilt. The city is ransacked in search of treasure, with all valuables being seized, and most of this fortune being then transported to the coast. The Palmyrene government, the Mari, and other people who supported the army, are handsomely paid, while the first load of treasure departs by ship for Lenapehoking itself. Palmyra becomes a de facto protectorate of the nation, with Kiondashawa ordering the Palmyrene king to continue supplying him, and to begin building inroads into Assyria. Likewise Mari is released as a Lenape vassal from Assyria’s northwest territory, with its own autonomous government, as long as it continuously supplies food, men, and tribute to the Lenni Lenape. Another army arrives in Palmyra, and elects to invade the nation of Qatna in the south, to create a colony in the region and move toward Tyre. A fleet is sent to the region a couple years later, which lays siege to Tyre to conquer the city. All across the region it is observed that disease is running rampant. The Lenape don’t make any effort to protect the hostile natives of Assyria, and they continue to die in large numbers. The Assyrian civilians, and also their sick, are exiled from the north and told to march back into Mesopotamia and the surrounding area, and they flee via the roads away from the destruction. A large number of people are also enslaved, with many slaves being sent to the coast, and women are imprisoned by the explorer’s party. Thousands of Assyrians are to be eventually shipped away from the region, populating plantations in the west. The old temples and “churches” are demolished across Nineveh and the occupied territory and the so called “Christians” and other groups are made to convert to the proper faith. A mission is established in Nineveh, Mari, and other cities of the north, to convert people in large numbers to the Cahokian faith. With “King Eshaya” presumed to be dead, with one of the princes, Aharon, being installed as a puppet king. When he dies soon after of disease, another relative, Elihu is installed as puppet king. Under the orders of the Lenape, Elihu orders the northern one-half of Assyria to crush the “rebellion” taking place in Lower Mesopotamia, and Kiondashawa’s Lenape army marches with tens of thousands of Assyrians and other natives toward the conquest of the south. The rest of the Assyrian Empire is to be crushed, with those remaining submitting to Elihu and Lenape rule.
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: The gradual growth of population and production in Britain have begun to show a massive return of investment for the businesses in the Chesapeake Bay. More universities and other institutions are built across the island and in other colonies, with major hospitals built in Leerdoun, Worke, and New Mattawoman. The NPTC finances an expedition by Powtakah to tour around the northern reaches of the island of Britain, taking 800 regular troops and 1,900 auxilerary forces to mark out the territory of the colonies around northern Wales, Strathclyde, Edinburgh, and Northumbria. Other groups of scientists and historians also came to take local samples of flora and fauna, and write about the megalithic sites. Some of these regions had been found to still not be fully subjugated by the hegmony of Saxon nobles under Powhatan hegemony, and so was engaged in battle by the expedition. The aftermath of these battles occasionally tended for the worse, however, as Powtakah was infamous for having very low opinion of native British people, and would end in sacking of the defeated cities. When the last of these attacks resulted in massacuring 150 people, Powtakah was severly repremanded, and subsequently stripped of his command. The aftermath of the Kuntish war secured the Saxon nobles under tighter suzerity for their protection, adding their armies to the combined auxilary forces of the New Powhatan Trading Company, but only the states that volunteer to do so. The colonies in the Lowlands expand their claimed territories, going as far south as to establish a trading fort alon the Seine River. In the north, trading posts are made around to the other side of Ijselmeer Lake. 
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in II declares a colonial war on Egypt, seeking to capitalize upon the civil war between the north and the south and take advantage of Egypt's severely weakened state. He sends a fleet of 16 ships (including four Tyrian mercenary ships) to invade North Egypt. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) He requests the Libyan tribes, Philistia, Qatna, Palmyra, and Cilicia to aid him against Egypt. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, Mi'kmaq colonial settlements are built up, while infrastructure is built up. In Mniku, the Temple of Mniku is renovated and expanded, while more housing is built to accomodate a growing population. Meanwhile, in M'jipuktuk, ports are built up and the M'jipuktuk Museum is renovated and expanded. In New Kespek, over in the colony of Ala'siyamenigu, a temple, granary, farms, and additional housing is built. The Kingdom of Mi'kma'ki grows in economy as trade from the northern kingdoms of Canada, the Powhatan, and the Central American kingdoms filters through the ports of Mi'kmaq cities. King Mu'in II sends an envoy to Massachuset, expressing his wish for an official alliance. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Tarascan Empire: Cuinierángari dies after 29 years of being Cazonci. His nephew, Pauacume III takes the throne. His first task is to organize the Otomi territory. As per usual, ethic Purepecha are sent to Otomi lands. Many other minorities are starting to be assimilated into the Purepecha majority, and are referred as the "Yauani Purepecha" (Other Purepecha). Roads are built from southern Guamar into the Otomi lands. We request formal diplomatic relations with the Miskito and Ayitians (Response, Please). Jade and Resin from the Philippines are exported, and the Storehouses fill up (If anyone wants to specifically buy loads of my goods, respond).
    • Irepanianhatapu (Tarascan Philippines): Governor Erendirani decides to start a survey of Native customs and culture. He speculates that Native aggression could be soothed if we learn about them as a people. The number of soldiers on the islands now number 3,100. Some small punitive expeditions are sent to target tribes that repeatedly attack our cities. Cotton is started to be planted in farms in secure areas of the Philippines to make trading easier.
  • Aztec Empire: The trouble in the colonies escalates further, as Mocuhteczoma III orders the Nahua Colonial Conglomerate to intervene in the conflict, bringing in the mercenary-like soldiers of the NCC, around 3,000 to the colonial conflict. This comes with a reinforcement of 7,000 highly skilled Aztec soldiers. The navy lands them at the north Aquitinian shores as a suprise attack. to prevent further starvation 400 men are deployed just to organize the logistics for reinforcements and supplies. Massive naval actions with smaller invasions and raids along the coast happen regularily from 1592 onward. Mocuhteczoma III dies in the year of 1592 as well, he is succeeded by his 15 year younger brother Cuauhtemoc I. He continues the largely successful domestic policies of his brother, but additionally his administration encourages crop rotation. This comes from the fact that the soil in som,e regions seems to be less fertile due to huge monocultivation of corn. In order to make the soil recover, the growth of potatos and wheat is encouraged. In the foreign relations, he continues large scale invasions of the French territory, with a new large offensive with another 1,000 men as reinforcements for the current troops. A years worth of supplies like ammunition, food, muskets and pistols as well as smaller amounts of alcohol is shipped over. With one of these ships comes one of the most prominent members of the NCC, the mercenary captain, merchant and general Cuauhtli, born as Diriangén II. Born in one of the merchant cities of OTL Costa Rica that are under Aztec rule to noblemen of the Chorotega people,  Diriangén II "The younger" is known for his ruthlessness and unconventional warfare. He showed off his skill when he crushed smaller rebellions in his home nation. The infastructure is continued to be expanded. The export of agricultural products, minerals and textiles is very lucrative.
  • Western Cree Confederation: Pascus, now a young General, converts to the Ghost Dance movement. This is done amidst religious upheaval, amplified by distrust of the Cahokian Church and the synthesis of Cree heterodoxy with the Ghost Dance movement. Supreme Chief Acawasqueiac dies. Wasepeschan – receiving the backing of the Supreme Guard – ascends to power through fraudulent elections. She declares herself Supreme Chief for life – essentially becoming a de jure dictator. She also splits Grand Council to two houses; an upper house consisting of appointees (mainly military officials), and the lower house consisting of elected officials (now virtually powerless). Wasepeschan commences a "Reign of Terror", with Pascus and Osamusquasis – her foremost rivals – being stripped of their status and being sent into exile. Political moderates and religious leaders perceived to be opposing her ascension to power are seized of their property (which is then promptly added to the National Treasury), receive corporal punishment, or in the worse cases, sentenced to death. Despite this, Pascus manages to retain the control of one legion. Opposing Wasepeschan's reign, Pascus, and other loyalist sympathizers march to the Three Cities, which they besiege in an attempt to oust her from the position of Supreme Chief. While winning in favor of Pascus and his forces, the loyalists remain vastly outnumbered, leading Wasepeschan to negotiate an uneasy truce in which the three will serve as co-rulers of the Confederation – establishing the system known as the "First Triumvirate". Wasepeschan focuses on appeasing the military aristocracy, and the growing class of wealthy landowners; in-contrast, Pascus and Osamusquasis focuses on attaining popular support and the support of the civil bureaucracy. With the Three Cities left at a state of ruin, the triumvirate despite their differing ideologies agrees to the implementation of the following reforms aimed at restoring the capital region as quickly as possible. While the direct income tax for the majority of the population remains at ~5%, for individuals with more than 300 bushels worth of grain (or the equivalent value in coinage) the tax is doubled. The criminal code is amended, resulting in the sentence of banishment being rendered obsolete, with many serious crimes instead punished by a period of servitude. These penal laborers are used as state-owned slaves, restoring urban infrastructure. Conversely, however, the slave trade – which has proliferated within the elite due to recent conquests and the inflow of war captives – is taxed at a rate of ~5%.

1595-1600

As the Ghost Dance Reformation spreads into the nations following the Cahokian faith, many of these religious dissenters are sent to eastern colonies. In the Cherokee nation, a group known as the Pilgrims is granted authority to found a colony in the east, where they will be able to practice their religion in peace. They land in OTL Liberia, founding the city of New Kituwa along the coast.

The Kingdom of Scotland formally becomes a vassal of the Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat, after the westerners appoint a puppet king to the Scottish throne. Seeking to match the expansion of Kalaallit Nunaat, the Kingdom of Nunavut establishes a protectorate in Strathclyde.

The Mi’kmaq navy successfully bombards the cities of the Nile Delta, leading to the Egyptian governors on the northernmost end of the river to surrender. Although not accompanied by a land army, the Mi’kmaq navy docks in the north, with its crew managing to assert control over the Nile Delta. The Mi’kmaq suffer 400 casualties during the campaign.

The invasion by the nation of Miskito results in a narrow victory, with the Miskito occupying their neighbor. The Miskito invaders suffer 2,980 casualties, while the defenders suffer 4,540 casualties.

The Belgae Confederacy, renown for being the most militant nation in the Gaul region, successfully subjugates several neighboring tribes to its south, and also begins to acquire Western guns leftover from the Norman Wars. When the Powhatan begin to expand their Lowlands colony into their territory, they raze several southern settlements, and request aid from the Innu.

The Aztec invasion of the French Confederacy leads to the Battle of Alesia, in which the main French army under Pepin does battle with the army of the Nahua Colonial Conglomerate. The result is a decisive Aztec victory, with Pepin being captured in battle. The Aztec suffer 930 casualties, while the French suffer 12,540 casualties.

After many attacks against the city of Worke over the past few decades, the recent expedition by the Powhatan in the north formally conquers the area around the kingdom. The NPTC defeats the native king of the largely Scandinavian region, Harthacnut, in battle near the city, resulting in his capture.

  • Lhasa: King Dolma continues to oversee Lhasan expansion, and his dominion expands as much as is reasonably possible whilst also beginning a project to develop simple roads around the city’s hinterlands and new holdings. The city’s population reaches a new high of approximately 12,500. Many of the city’s upper class, enjoying even greater levels of wealth, begin commissioning more and grander pieces of art, particularly out of metals and stone, resulting in some innovation in the field of metal working. The increased access to resources also frees some of the population from previously necessary labor, resulting in a growth in the proportion of monks, ascetics, and craftsmen.
  • Assyrians (Alu Alanu): With the invasion of the foreigners, the Assyrian homeland has been conquered in its entirety. As entire communities are enslaved by the foreign invaders, the members of the ruling elite meet at the designated zone pre-selected by King Eshaya II prior to the spread of the plague. The surviving members of the royal family flee into Parsa, where the meet up with the body of the Etaku, the surviving ruling council members, and the settlers of the Parsa region, where the plan their next steps. The survivors are soon met by an old peaseant, who reveals himself to be King Eshaya himself, having escape the fall of Nineveh dressed as a commoner. His immediate family survived the smallpox disease, while a great many others died. Indeed, more than one-half of his offspring were claimed by the blight before it passed. With the survival of the monarchy ensured, the next steps for the kingdom must be determined by the king and his council while hidden in the mountains of Parsa. With Mesopotamia claimed by the Lenape invaders, and more than 80% of the kingdom's population wiped out by the plague, returning home is deemed an impossibility by the exiled government. However, the far east remains empty of any major threats, and there are enough Assyrians in Parsa who survived the plague and the invasion to support a large body of fighting men to move into the region. Thus the decision is made by the king to abandon Mesopotamia and Parsa for good, and to begin the trek eastward in search of a new homeland. Having lost Assyria and now residing beyond their traditional homeland, by decree of the king, the Assyrians will forever be known as the "Alu Alanu", or "tribe of the exiled". A census is taken of the survivors prior to their trek by the Etaku, who continue to operate secretly within the ranks of the surviving population as spies and assassins. They determine the population of the Alanu to be 107,424; 24,706 adult men, 48,340 adult women, and 34,378 children. All able-bodied men above the age of twenty are required to take up arms for the people, being divided into new 1,000-man strong military units known as limu (or "thousand"). A total of eight limu are formed from the male survivors, each of which is placed under the command of a single warrior of renown from the surviving army units of Assyria. All limu, in light of the manpower shortages, are to consist of cavalrymen trained in riding by the former Assyrian army. The Alanu depart from the city of Hidalu, taking with them the clay tablets stored in the city vaults by the former state scribe containing their accumulated knowledge, while the few high-ranking priests recover copies of the completed Bible with them on the journey. All of the wealth that could be saved by the refugees during the invasion are taken by the Alanu, along with all of the livestock and horses that belonged to the Assyrian army garrisons of Elam. A new calendar is adopted by the exiled Assyrians, beginning with the date of their expulsion from Mesopotamia, while the Lenape are forever marked as the enemies of Christ by the Alanu. The Alanu begin their trek east through the mountains, originally scouted by the army decades ago to seek locations to settle for the Assyrians. With the Lenape so close to the region, Parsa is no longer deemed a safe place to live for the people. Within the first month of their journey, the Alanu reach an open valley region (OTL Shiraz), where they rest for approximately three months in safety to recover from their flight. They gather wood, fresh water, wild crops, tend to their livestock and children, and prepare for the next leg of their journey into the far east. The Etaku extend their numbers through the king as is tradition, and report that the Lenape have no followed the Alanu into the mountains, content with their current conquest. King Eshaya abandons the title of king and adopts the title of "Utullu", or "chief shephard", in light of his new role of "sheparding his flock" to new pastures. With their period of rest complete, the Alanu begin the next leg of their journey through the mountains of Parsa. However, there are complaints from many unaccustom to the stenous rigors of travel. The children are tired and the elderly cannot keep up with the rest of the people. Though the warriors attempt to carry many of them during the travel, the entire ordeal begins to slow the entire camp down. After meeting with his council, Eshaya agrees to limit the journey to just 15 kilometers per day (approximately 450 kilometers per month), with five month resting periods between each journey. With the issue of travel concluded, the Alanu take refuge in the mountains of central Parsa (near OTL Siahak), where they begin planning for the next section of their trek. The camp palisades are constructed for the protection of the population, and defenses organized by the soldiers. A limu is sent ahead of the camp to forage for food and scout out the region ahead to assist with the planning of the ruling council, while the others are instructed to maintain a regular sentinel watch around the camp and the lands surrounding the camp. During the nation's stay in the area, Eshaya passes a series of new laws, abandoning the old ones that no longer suit the current state of the Alanu people. Known as the Simdatu Alu Alanu (Regulations for the Tribe of the Exiled), the edicts cover a wide range of topics related to the new nomadic life of the Alanu people. The marriage age is lowered to six while consummation of the marriage is allowed at the age of nine. All members of the nation must be married by the age of 18, and at least two offspring must be sired within the first five years of marriage, except in the instance of infertility by way of birth, illness, or physical injury. All men beginning at the age of twenty must be ready to serve as a soldier for the nation, while those men without a child may take a year to sire a male offspring. Widowed women beyond the age of motherhood are taken into the care of the nation, and serve as nurses, weavers, and camp laborers. Education of all members of the nation is mandated by the Utallu, with the ability to read the Bible a requirement of all Alanu for their weekly services. Human waste, animal carcasses, and bodies of the dead are to be buried outside of the camp, and those who interact with them without just cause are to be put to death. Cleanliness in line with Biblical guidelines is likewise instituted by the new laws, with daily bathing a requirement of all Alanu where the environment permits.
  • Miskito: The king Atl'ii II dies and the electors crown a great grandson of Atl'ii and he is crowned king Hatru. He starts his reign by sending 300 people to try to settle OTL Gabon [Mod Response Needed]. the king also starts replenishing the troops after the last war. The king also starts a tradition of adding for every new king a jewel, the king starts by adding a Philipine jade to the crown. Eastern Honduras is granted an elector.
    • Mi'kmaq Dip: King Mu'in III wishes to trade with the Miskito.
  • Aztec Empire: After the French are defeated so decisively under general Diriangén II and Pepin in Aztec captivity, the general is granted to become the ruler of the new colonial vassal of Pictahuia, just south of Brittany. To assure his legitimacy, he marries Pepins daughter Aleonòr of Poitou. Pepin, meanwhile, is given the offer to bend his knee and become a vassal under humiliating conditions, like being stripped off his wealth, his power as the ruler of the French and his power limited to being the govenor of the Province of Alesia (MOD RESPONSE). In return, he would face no legal consequences. Meanwhile, many French noblemen face execution via decapitation if they show only the lightest signs of resistance (even though there is evidence for massive bribes many of the wealthier lords paid). This fate does usually meet the greater lords, while smaller local rulers are left alone for the most part, as they cant muster large enough forces to pose a threat. Cuauhtemoc I personally orders to reform the order of the colonies and conquered realms in the Aztec fashion, with the Law of Approval as a general rule to appoint rulers. Additionally, the roads are improved and forts are established in many towns to make travelling safer. Wine cultivation becomes lucrative and trade is heavily supported due to low tariffs. The current colonies of the Aztec Empire include by 1600 Britanny, Acuhitan (Aquitaine), Pictahuia (Piktavia, south of Britany) and the trading city of Tepeteotlalli in Amazigh teritory and the Cuanacaztec trading city in OTL Costa Rica. The discoverer and captain Itzcoatl of Teotitlan travels through the English Channel eastward, where he lands in OTL Schleswig-Holstein. There, he finds a strange people, living off their cattle, fishing and farming. Though poor, the natives are generally not hostile, it seems that word of american conquest hasn't spread as far. The captain stays there for a few days, writes down some notes and draws a vague map on how he got there, since there isn't much else to find there. The region is not as fertile or easy to settle as France is, nor is it in any way appealing he writes. He describes the locals as Prisitec, from their native word Frisian.
  • Beothuk: We continue expanding the colony of Sweden while also consoldating our hold in the region. At the age of 97, Queen Heather II dies in her sleep after a brief sickness. She is succeeded by her daughter Hea´ther III.
  • Tarascan Empire: Infrastructure is improved and a large road running west to east spanning the length of the empire is created. This road is not only for convenience, it is also political as distant territories are united with the rest of the empire. A road reaching the northern lands of Guamar is built, making cities in that area better logistical bases in case of an invasion to the east. Agricultural reforms are made, which increase population growth.
    • Pukutapuomikua (Tarascan Philippines): The capital is moved from Tzintzinkatatopon (Davao) to Omikua-Ireta (Atimonan). This move is because Omikua-Ireta is closer to the border of our allies, the Maynilans. The Philippines (now named Pukutapuomikua) is divided into two territories, Irepanianhatapu (Mindanao settlements) and Uaneripukutapu (Luzon settlements). As more nations are buying Resin and Jade, there is more demand for the material, and 1,150 troops are sent to identify and attack tribes that hinder this trade with their attacks. Currently there are 3,200 troops on the islands and 20 cannons which are mostly used for defense. Architecture in Pukutapuomikua is starting to change from the type in the Tarascan homeland. Bamboo is starting to be used in Tarascan architecture in the islands and homes are made to resist the Philippine heat.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in II, seeking to colonize Egypt, continues his campaign against North Egypt after the Mi'kmaq conquest of the Nile Delta. He sends reinforcements to the troops in Egypt. A fleet of 18 ships (12 Mi'kmaq ships, two ships from the Nile Delta provinces that surrendered after the previous battle, and four Tyrian mercenary ships) strikes near Memphis, at the heart of North Egypt. (MOD ALGORITHM NEEDED). Meanwhile, the empire is continually built up internally. In the Listuguj City (located at the mouth of the OTL Restigouche River), Listuguj University is built, and salmon fisheries are created. In and around said city, timber mills are built to take advantage of the rich timber resource in the area. Listuguj University becomes a center of technological progress, culture, mathematics, and medicinal studies. Meanwhile, in the colonial settlement of New Kespek, ports are built up and new harbors are constructed. Basic walls are built to keep out potential raids from both the Alashiyan natives and the other colonists, the Lenape. A rumor begins to circulate about the Alashiya incident that Lenape soldiers performing cattle raids on Mi'kmaq settlers were also involved. Thus, King Mu'in II sends a diplomat to the Lenape court, asking of the Lenape to leave the island of Alashiya. (LENAPE RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Nitasina (Innu): The Peukae's (Belgae Confederacy's) offer to work with the Innu is accepted readily, with guns and training supplied to the Peukae (Belgae) along with other trade agreements, and all that is asked in return is no hostiles and permission for Innu settlers to farm some Belgae land. Meanwhile, other colonial pursuits by ITAU, seeking to strengthen the colonies after seeing the defense of Kuntshassi (Cornwall) fail, are made in Pembrokeshire, seeking to exploit the fractured state of the region to unify the area under an pro-Innu king, sending 1,500 Numans/Kuntsh (Normans/Cornish) mercenaries to support the designated king (Mod Response Requested). Another 1,500 Numans/Kuntsh (Normans/Cornish) mercenaries are sent to take some of Kerry in Ireland (Mod Response Requested). Tapuemakan passes away, with Mashku III taking the throne. Infrastructure is built between the major cities, additionally connecting some rural areas. Kepek continues to grow as a trading city on the Naneuepanuat (St. Lawrence River), with the naval base Shakuship (Île d'Orléans) becoming larger, and a merchant port being expanded across the Naneuepanuat (St. Lawrence River) from Shakuship (Île d'Orléans).
  • Lenapehoking: The siege of Tyre is concluded, and the city becomes the center of Lenape activity on the coast. A new city is rebuilt from the ground up, centered around Cahokian temples to convert the population. New fortifications are built at the city, with preparations made to build a full fort equipped with artillery. Missions and forts are built across Assyrian lands, with the natives being converted to the Cahokian faith. Settlers are also sent to settle in new cities across the land. After the incident on the island of Cyprus, the settlers there decide to depart to a nearby island instead, where a Greek tribe called Rhodes is situated. After settling a town there, an army eventually attacks the native village there, conquering the island, while formally abandoning Cyprus. Lenapehoking: The siege of Tyre is concluded, and the city becomes the center of Lenape activity on the coast. A new city is rebuilt from the ground up, centered around Cahokian temples to convert the population. New fortifications are built at the city, with preparations made to build a full fort equipped with artillery. Missions and forts are built across Assyrian lands, with the natives being converted to the Cahokian faith. Settlers are also sent to settle in new cities across the land. After the incident on the island of Cyprus, the settlers there decide to depart to a nearby island instead, where a Greek tribe called Rhodes is situated. After settling a town there, an army eventually attacks the native village there, conquering the island, while formally abandoning Cyprus.
  • Powhatan: Growth of literature and art continues with patronage of Queen Pocahontas. Theature grows aross the cities of Mattawoman and Sicoke, with historical plays dramatizing the chaos in the Susquehana Wars and the civil unrest that existed in the nation. In the Lowlands region, the New Powhatan Trading Company seeks to expand into the continent in contest against the Belgae, and dispatches 1,800 regular troops to help push the southern border as far as the Seine River. A few hundred mercenaries are also hired as well to push through this campaign in the region. The NPTC initially sees a lot of difficulty achieving tactical gains in the region, but eventually calls in the military commander Powtakah to be transferred to the outposts. Powtakah takes a much more fierce approach to strike as fast as possible using dragoons with the infantry to seize areas of high ground as fast as possible. Even so, Powtakah famously reported during the war "the Belgea are the strongest of the Europeans".
  • Western Cree Confederation: As part of the truce, Wasepeschan – now the Supreme Chief – restores the ranks and properties held by General Pascus and High Chief Osamusquasis. To increase popular support for the moderate faction, Osamusquasis successfully lobbies the institution of price controls for basic goods, welfare for the poorer inhabitants of the Three Cities (consisting of a monthly ration of flatbread and hardtacks, cheese, cured meat, and mead), as well as the establishment of hospices and an increased number of physicians. In contrast, Wasepeschan continues to expand and codify the institution of slavery – under the backing of the aristocracy, many of whom begin to own enslaved domestic servants. A manumission fee must be paid – thus curtailing the usual practice of freeing slaves after fulfilling a certain period of service. Despite this slaves are protected by a series of laws preventing rape or severe corporal punishment, as well as protecting their right to form families (under the discretion of their owners) – however, these reforms are implemented not due to the concern of the slaves' welfare, but rather, to encourage natural population growth among them. Slaves still comprise a minuscule portion of the population, with ownership limited to the elite and most slaves being domestic servants. Wasepeschan also gives generous land grants to political allies, who turn them into large, profitable agricultural or mining estates. With the growth of the port of Rich-Coast, direct trade with the states of the Californian basin and as far south as Mesoamerica commences – whereas prior, trade with these entities were done via expensive overland routes or intermediaries. In particular, tropical commodities such as cacao beans, chili peppers, and vanilla are imported in increasing numbers; as well as Mesoamerican ceramic wares, as well as beadwork and featherwork. From California, gold is imported in larger quantities. As a result, the Board of Finance establishes X coin denominations (listed in descending order of value): gold, silver, bronze, brass, and copper. These coins are relatively fine and thus retain intrinsic value. As a result, many may melt the coinage to utilize the metals. With massive funds (acquired from a vastly-expanded tax base), and the extensive usage of penal labor, the Three Cities recovers rapidly. The Board of Finance uses this as an opportunity to establish a city-wide grid – thus stimulating commerce while improving access to the city center, the central market, and public facilities such as public baths, latrines, and wells. The economy proliferates with the export of woolens, linens, furs, and leathers; and to a lesser extent, tallow, maple syrup/sugar, salt, apicultural goods (honey, mead, wax), and pemmican. Within urban centers, small-scale workshops specializing in the production of manufactures thrive. "Cree Baroque" – while limited to the Three Cities and its suburbs – continues to flourish. A reinvigorated agricultural sector, fuelled by the abundance of land and pasture (for the semi-feral bison herds), triggers a population boom. Crop rotation – alternating between maize, tepary or common beans, and fallow (or clover) – is widely practiced. Iron plows, threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills, continue to diffuse.

1600-1605

The expedition to Egypt by the Mi’kmaq does not succeed, due to the ships’ inability to sail to Memphis, and with no army provided to them, the ships decide to remain near the coast instead. During this time Egyptian raids, disease, and mutiny harm the Mi’kmaq. The mercenary ships from Tyre desert after not receiving payment, shipping a Mi’kmaq ship in a skirmish soon after. In total the Mi’kmaq suffer the loss of four ships and 710 men. A nobleman named Amenemhat ascends to the throne of Lower Egypt, managing to unite the region against the invaders.

Despite the French Confederacy being defeated and nominally organized into the Province of Alesia by the Aztec, resistance to Aztec rule continues throughout the territory, especially further away from established Aztec settlements. The French continue to act independently in the east, while small armies plague the Aztec towns in the region, using primarily guerrilla tactics. Pepin rejects the offer posed to him by the Aztec, while elsewhere his nephew Hugh becomes the primary resistance leader still in the field.

The Innu attacks on Pembrokeshire and Kerry both succeed, with these regions surrendering to the Innu. In Pembrokeshire, the Innu suffer 340 casualties, while the Welsh suffer 1,010 casualties. In Kerry the Innu suffer 540 casualties, while the Irish suffer 1,540 casualties. In Kerry it is also discovered that the rest of the region, outside of the Innu position on the tip of the island, is dominated by the Beothuk.

The Powhatan attack against the Belgae ends inconclusively, due to support from the Innu and the nation’s growing use of western weaponry. The Powhatan suffer 580 casualties, while the Belgae suffer 980 casualties. The leader of the Belgae, Boduognatus, offers a peace offer to the Powhatan, in which they will cede the area immediately south of the Powhatan colony (approximately one-half the Belgae coastline), will cease attacks against the Powhatan, and will aid the Powhatan against other neighbors, such as the Dutch.

  • Kingdom of Small Cilicia: The Kingdom of Small Cilicia has begun to reassure the recently weakened fortifications after a sporadic Earthquake hit the Northern outposts. A disgusting bout of famine and disease swept the Southern Settlements, triggering a mass migration of Farmers North to the Capital, as the population grows new jobs open up. This event has stunted the growth of the newly-founded South-Western Sector, this has left the Kingdom’s options of repopulation scarce to none and food production has almost ceased all together. Queen Mary has been reported dead by the King after a speedy recovery from a deadly sickness. The reported cause is over-exposure to a blasting heat from a fire. A new wife will be captured and forced to be married within the coming months. A new royal Grandchild was born, a useless heir. The King’s departure from the throne has been organised and planned for the next year. The Church of Saint Bartoghimeos, it took 100 years to build and was commisioned by King Abraham, three Generations back. The new Church is centered within the middle of the newely refurbished inner city. The rural town of Erma (Էրմա) has been tormented by sporadic arsen attacks by a breakaway group. A concerning serious and impromptu crackdown on illegal trade, businesses and crime have occured and were driven out/imprisoned. Vast new lands have been conquered but as sandy winds from the South whip through the Valley of Division the secretive scouting team were called back without further notice of a planned recursion.
  • Lhasa: The dominion of Lhasa continues to expand to the point that all of the Lhasa River and the surrounding areas are under Lhasan control. Mountain roads continue to be built and the King devises a new messenger system based on riders relaying information to other riders, thus allowing for very quick transfer of information. Urban development continues as a major focus and farming and a more sedentary lifestyle becomes more popular in the hinterlands as farming and new irrigation techniques are developed. Metallurgy continues to be a popularly patronized art form.
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: The cultural revilement of Queen Pocahontas sees a golden age of theater across the kingdom, constructing the magnificent Wicimico Amphitheater which stands as a monument to this day. In the new world, the renowned adventurer Smitoke arrives in the colony of the Lowlands to assist the governor Powtakah. Smitoke had been on a multitude of foreign missions and campaigns throughout his life since an early age, and kept an extensive memories of his life filled with fantastic stories. As Smitoke was exploring along the southern parts of the lowlands, he encountered a giant named Antigoon, and wounded him while fighting in self defense. However, this greatly angered the Belgea, as Antigoon was betrothed to be married to their ruler's daughter Olwen. Ambiotrix, the high chief of the Belgae, Ordered Smitoke captured and to be executed. Powtakah took this action as evidence of the Belgea betraying the peace they had just recently offered, and rallied the colonial forces of Providence to fight against the "savages". However, Olwen as it turned out had fallen in love with Smitoke, and threw herself over his body to protect him from her father's wrath. This moved Ambiotrix, and decided to forgive Smitoke and let him go. Powtakah, however, was unmoved by this act of mercy, and attempted to continue the attack against the savages. Due to the persuasion of Smitoke, however, the colonists rose up in mutiny against Powtakah, and imprisoned him in Providence. The peace was thus signed with the Belgae confederacy, annexing the lands of the Seine River. An auxiliary force was also organized among the Belgians in order to create a modern fighting force against their enemies the Dutch. However, unlike the Saxon kings, the Belgians would enjoy a far greater autonomy, and general respect among the New Powhatan Trading Company.
  • Tarascan Empire: A scientist specializing in gunpowder merged the better qualities of the snaphance, doglock, and snaplock, and has created the flintlock mechanism and has made a musket using that mechanism. They are better than the snaphance muskets currently in use, but aren't incorporated into the army yet. Taro is starting to be planted in farms in parts of the empire that are more humid and moist. A currency, known as the Tuminu is standardized and is the only currency accepted by the empire. The population reaches 8.5 million (Check, please).
    • Pukutapuomikua (Tarascan Philippines): In the past decade, there have been numerous small expeditions to map out the South China Sea. Seeing as the colony in the Philippines is going to be hard to maintain due to Native aggression, it becomes more appealing to start a colony elsewhere. This seems especially attractive now that there are reports of the Natives of some areas being less hostile then the ones in the Philippines and Taiwan (no colony there yet). We have gathered information on the ocean currents in the South China Sea and know the differences between the currents during the winter and summer monsoon seasons. We hear about a rich nation to the north in a large landmass and an expedition consisting of three ships with 65 men each is sent to the lands north. We land in December of 1604 in OTL Xiamen. Some areas of jungle in secure areas are cultivated using slash and burn. The settlement of Omikua-Ireta is running out of space and so the settlement is expanded, with a small secondary wall built around the new border.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in II, determined to take Egypt and undaunted by the Mi'kmaq defeat at Memphis, decides to invade once again. He sends an army of around 3,000 to invade Memphis by land. These 3,000 men are composed of primarily 1,500 infantrymen, 800 artillery troops, 500 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. Meanwhile, he also sends a fleet of six small ships, this time small enough to navigate the Nile River so as not to repeat the mistakes of the First Battle of Memphis. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) He also asks of the Kingdom of Small Cilicia to aid his war effort. (CILICIA RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Lenapehoking: The nation elects to formally integrate the allied states of Vettones and the Celtiberian Territory into the preexisting colonies, and these two states are divided among the three Iberian colonies. A force of 1,000 soldiers is sent to Iberia to aid in this transition. Ships begin to frequent the eastern sea, traversing the area from the Middle East, to North Africa, to Iberia, and from there back to Lenapehoking. The city of Tyre is built up as a Lenape city, with settlers arriving to construct a new fortress and port there. Numerous Assyrians are transported west to Iberia as slaves, while many more die of disease. Government authorities advance against any rebellious regions of lower Mesopotamia.
  • Xacapáy: During the instability in the Degwanate of Jookympin, many local leaders reasserted their autonomy, with some being subsequently crushed when Tiovanduah ascended to the throne as sole leader. One such leader who managed to prosper during the chaos, by siding with the winning faction of the civil war, was a minor lord named Tʼòyłóna of Thə̀łołíne (Las Vegas), whose domain was a small Puebloan-Patayan city in the eastern edge of the nation. Having been the site of numerous recent wars, from the recent conquest by the Shoshone from the Patayan, and the Shoshone wars near the Grand Canyon, the region was left relatively poor compared to other former Patayan cities. Nevertheless, for aiding him in retaking the nation, Tiovanduah promoted the city of Thə̀łołíne greatly. Under the leadership of the new king, a trade route would be established to the great metropolis of Pi'a-pa (Salt Lake City), running due northeast, rather than along the older routes, which traveled north through more difficult terrain and over a longer distance. The older routes prioritized traveling through Shoshone territory, but with the Degwanate of Jookympin’s relationship with the Shoshone Empire largely breaking apart, Tiovanduah instead bypassed them, and passed through the neutral nation of Diné. A clear route emerged, running from the capital at The Hub to the town of Atcamséʼish (Baker), and then to Thə̀łołíne. From here traders exited Jookympin to reach the city of Xópi (Zion), and then continued north toward Pi'a-pa. Because of this new found utility, the city of Thə̀łołíne grew immensely, while the capital in the west also prospered. Tiovanduah would also open relations with the Western Empire states to his northwest, with many of the states of the central valley returning to the Tongva region to trade and export goods via the sea. During the 1570s small expeditions would continue to the west, with numerous minor islands being discovered. The nation would primarily be interested in the “Spice Islands”, where unique spices were available to be traded for. In addition to the initial settlement established on Halmahera, other trade posts would be established at Morotai, Waigeo, Obira, and others soon after.
  • Ala Alanu: The Alanu continue on their eastward journey through the mountainous regions of Parsa, breaking camp in Siahak before heading south through the valleys toward the southern coastline. They endure numerous trials and calamities, without hundreds perishing in the arid conditions of the land. Seeking to replace many of their dead, the Alanu begin practicing the laws recently passed by Utallu Eshaya allowing for the marriage of adult men and women to children to ensure earlier pregnancies within their nation. Fights do break out within the camps of the people, with some parents refusing to part with their offspring to allow them to be married off to other individuals. Fearing that violence may erupt within the camp, Eshaya demands that the priests find a solution to the problem. Many of the wise men within the priesthood return to Eshaya with what they believe to be a decent compromise to the issue while not invalidating his recent edicts in Siahak. They propose that those Alanu of marriageable age, rather than be given away in marriage to a stranger, be allowed to marry a family member instead, giving way to the law of the Alu Alanu without angering the people. They justify what many consider a clear violence of the Bible's laws on incest by stating that Adam and Eve were brother and sister, as both had been created by God who was father to both, making them siblings rather than traditional spouses. They likewise state that the laws of Moses regulating incest were meant only for the Children of Israel, not the Children of Akkad, separating them from the biblical restrictions prohibiting incest. Many of the families of the camp originally opposed to the marriage law, fearful that their children might be abused by the other families, quickly marry of their youth to family members. Though the legalization of incest will take time to be normalized within Alanu society, many of those family members requested to marry to prevent outside marriages, soon decide to consummate their unions and have children. The camp breaks again after a year of recuperation near the coastline, moving east again and move to set up camp in the area of Bahukalat near a riverbed. Several Alanu soldiers report the increasing constraints on their ability to operate throughout the region due to the lack of manpower as a consequence of their haste defeat and exile. While they have a force of sizable force of eight thousand troops to protect the people, the chronic lack of suitable men for riding and fighting has forced the officers to request a solution to their issue. One of the proposals forwarded by a member of the Etaku tasked with protecting the Utallu by impersonating a simple servant girl in the camp, suggests allowing women to join the army of the Alu Alanu. Though the officers of the army balk at this suggestion and wave the girl off, Eshaya being knowledgeable of the girl's identity as an Etaku, decides to put her to the test by having her disarm the one of the officers of their weaponry. Having been trained in the art of combat since birth, the girl moves quickly and efficiently, taking the officer's weapons and handing them over to Eshaya. Stunned by her performance, the officers demand to know her heritage and the source of her training. Eshaya interrupts and states that that information is of no importance, as the girl has sufficiently proven the capacity of some of the women to serve as warriors in their own right. He states that the officers came to him with an issue of manpower shortages, and the girl has provided them with a solution for it. Eshaya passes a new edict authorizing the women of the camp to serve as soldiers beginning at the age of 20 as with the men, but places a requirement upon them stating that unlike the men who may chose not to father offspring despite their allowance to do so, those women joining must have at least two children before being allowed to serve in the army. This effectively doubles the pool of soldiers within the nation, though due to the lack of women knowledgeable of warfare unlike the men, it will take some years before the women are able to hold a sword or ride a camel proficiently enough to serve with their male colleagues. Some of the officers do voice their concern that the women may be abused by the other soldiers, that the rigors of constant battle may wear on them faster, and that some may end up becoming pregnant during a campaign harming their combat potential. Fulling acknowledging that sexual activities are to be fully expected regardless of any prohibitions placed on the two sexes within the army, regulations governing relationships are instituted. Eshaya resolves this by passing laws that ensure that any children born to two soldier parents will be taken into the care of the state to be raised as future soldiers, while rape shall be punishable by public castration. Sexual intercourse is to be strictly limited to non-vaginal penetration, and regular weekly inspections of the women by the officers are to be taken to check for pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. Women deemed unsuitable for service will be immediately booted from the army and her titles revoked by the state. The Alanu break camp once more, and begin moving toward Hingol further down the coastline, where they rest and gather supplies before moving onward. Prior to breaking camp, a violent struggle between two families ensues. One family accusing the teenage daughter of other having mutilated a young boy she wished to married, but had been denied due to the recent incest laws allowing families to protect their children from being taken into marriage. Investigating the matter personally, Eshaya discovers that the boy had been violently castrated by the girl, having had his penis and testicles bitten off by her after having led him away from his family prior to breaking camp. The father of the boy went to kill the daughter of the other family, leading to the struggle. Disgusted by her actions, Eshaya decides to make an example of ther girl. Dragging her before the entire assembly of the Alanu, Eshaya has the girl publicly raped by the father as restitution, and allows the family beat and flay the girl in the old Assyrian fashion, before setting her on fire and kicking her down the side of a mountain. The girl's family is likewise dealt with in a similar manner. Having had no other forms of entertainment during their travels, many of the Alanu flocked to the spectacle, and found some delight in "show". To keep his people sated, Eshaya decides to allow several other criminals to be dealt with in a similar fashion before moving on. Several additional sick showings take place during the travel of the Alanu people, with some becoming proficient enough to make the death of some criminals last for hours. After a slow and arduous trek throughout the mountainous regions of the coastline, the Alanu reach the Indus River (outside of OTL Karachi), where the set camp for the next few years to gather food, fish, mend tents and clothing, and grow their numbers. The Baloch tribes fishing and farming in the area are welcomed to trade with the Alanu people, who complete the fortification of their camp and send out their patrols to protect the land. A census is taken by the Etaku on the orders of Eshaya, revealing a population of 138,213 people (93,985 adults and 44,228 children), of which 13,158 are currently serving as warriors of the nation.
  • Guarani Empire: Following the decisive yet costly victory over the Het nation in 1585 the Guarani armies would occupy large portions of the enemy land, taking great plunder from the war. Peace would be enforced upon the Het, with the lands east of Uruguay river and the adjacent territory (of OTL Corrientes of Argentina) being annexed. Three Standing Nemhedah - 17,280 men - would be stationed in the conquered territory to solidify control and defend it. Order is established in the land with it being integrated into the bureaucratic system. After the conflict the Standing Nemhedahs would be gradually increased to eight - 46,080 men - With the reserve becoming 13 - 69,120 men -. During peacetime the Mburuvicha would issue the construction of many public works as his realm prospers, chief among these would be a renewed network of aqueducts to supply the growing Guarani cities .Hostilities between both countries would continue throughout the following years as border skirmishes would happen regularly. In 1594 another campaign against the Het would be organized, aiming to conquer the remaining lands east of the Paraná and extract tribute from the nation, 18 Nemhedahs - 103,680 men - and 138 cannons would be used for the undertaking. The now 60-year-old Emperor would help command the troops from afar but his younger son would assume proper generalship of the Tuinemheda, The 58 ship-strong mobilized fleet would be used to blockade the ports and bombard besieged coastal cities of the enemy (ALGO NEEDED). Overseas the colonies in OTL Angola would have seen continuous growth since their foundation in 1581, with hundreds of settlers and merchants being attracted by the very profitable commerce from the region. Slaves would continue to be the primary trade good, being traded with foreign colonies in Europe and in markets throughout the old world. Another fort-port "Ygarury" would be founded in the south part of the Congo mouth and in 1587 the expanding angolan colonies would be reorganized into one colonial admnistration of "Guasu Kongo", Ypahtã (Luanda) would become the capital of the colony and have it´s fort and harbour expanded. Ever increasing Guarani activity in Africa would lead many captains to undertake explorate voyages in region with some such journeys going around the Cape of Storms and reaching East Africa, word of these discoveries would soon reach the Ypahtã and most importantly rumours of gold in the coast. Fueled by the possibility of gold an Imperial expedition would be sent eastward, finding the river estuary said to be rich with gold (OTL Sofala) and founding a settlement "Itarupa" there in 1592, As word of the gold colony reaches the mainland the new city would be flooded by colonists and traders, the slave trade would also be extended to it with slaves adquired locally and in Kongo being employed in the gold extraction. From Itarupa explorers would sail up the Buzi and establish contact with the Kings of the enourmous and magnificent city of Great Zimbabwe and its sprawling kingdom, creating a commerce route of even greater quantities of gold and ivory. With the rapid rise of the East African colony further settlements would be created along the coast in subsequent years: 1596 - "Mbyarupa" (in OTL Quelimane), 1600 - "Ypaytã" (in OTL island of Mozambique), 1604 "Hũembe'y" (In OTL Zanzibar). With the founding of said ports the Guarani would also tap in the rich Swahili Coast commerce, trading the many local spices, woods, crops, minerals and also slaves. In 1605 the Guarani would send a missionary/diplomatic mission to the court of Great Zimbabwe, offering their king to sign a formal trade deal and requesting permission to open trade outposts in his lands, the mission would also bring great many gifts unseen before by the African peoples and attempt to convert the King to the Guarani Inti faith. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)

1605-1610

The nation of Caddo, having recently acquired the Kingdom of Atakapa through royal marriage, begins expanding its efforts to explore and colonize the east, leading to exploration of the African coast. Several settlements are founded in OTL Guinea, which is named New Hasíinay.

The Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat of leads a military expedition against the native Norse kingdoms of Norway, forcefully subjugating the nation of Bergen, and founding a settlement in its place.

After the King of Metztitlan dies without a direct heir, his will bequeaths the Kingdom of Metztitlan to its Aztec suzerain. As a result, the Aztec would be able to formally annex the vassal if they accepted his will.

The Mi’kmaq attack on Memphis results in a decisive victory for the Mi’kmaq, with the Nile Delta and parts of northern Egypt falling to the invaders. The Mi’kmaq suffer 1,030 casualties, while the Egyptians suffer 18,800 casualties, and the loss of numerous civilians.

While on their exodus to the east, the Assyrians encounter the Parthian Empire of northeast Persia, led by a strong Zoroastrian ruler centered at Qumis. As the Assyrians pass through the lands of numerous tribes, many tribes are hostile against them, either while fleeing the Parthians or formally employed by them, which harms their expedition. Additionally, disease continues to follow the Assyrians, spreading to the region of eastern Persia. Rumors spread of the vast wealth of the Parthians, due to the large armies they wield. Ultimately, a large group of Assyrians elects to desert the main contingent and head due north, seeking to settle under tutelage of the Parthians. (Moderator Note: The Assyrians will no longer be allowed to conduct censuses or gather population information without moderator approval.)

The Assyrian contingent at the Indus River discovers a plethora of states, the most prominent of which are Sindhu, Multan, Sauvira and Berbera. Southern India sees new growth of urban development, as the centralized states of Cera, Pandyas, and Cholas are formed.

The Western Cree invasion of the Swampy is initially successful, with the Western Cree suffering 2,180 casualties, while the Swampy Cree suffer 4,000 casualties. A counterattack is launched once the Swampy Cree call all their allies, which results in a stalemate for the Western Cree. The Western Cree suffer 4,380 casualties, while the eastern Cree alliance suffers 4,500 casualties.

The Guarani attack against the Het is successful, with the region around the Paraná being occupied. The Guarani suffer 14,380 casualties, while the Het suffer 22,430 casualties.

  • Miskito: The king accepts the Trading request from Mi'maq. The King sends 300 people to try to settle OTL Gabon [Mod response Needed].
  • Alu Alanu (India): The elderly Eshaya dies at the age of 87, having led his people through trying times to the Indus River. His body is cremated by the people of the nation, and his ashes scattered along the river as per his dying request. His eldest children having died to been forced to serve as puppet kings for the Lenape invaders, power is handed over to the young by qualified Gavrel, one of Eshaya's nephews who served as a soldier in the army following the Assyrian retreat into the desert. As Utallu, Gavrel remains the head over the united exiled nation of the Assyrians, and immediately begins to correspond with the Alanu residing in Parthia to coordinate their next move. Having left behind the slowest members of the nation, those Alanu residing in Parthia have taken the weakest members of the nation to recover within the relative safety of Parthia, where they will remain until such time as the rest of the people have found a new homeland. Seeking to move from their precarious position along the coastline to more secure lands, Gavrel orders the construction of boats by the warriors to take them from the mouth of the river inland, where they will plan their next step in the region. Having so many hostile nations around them, the Alanu work quickly, using their experience as fishers along the Euphrates and Tigris rivers to construct boats safe enough to move the entire body of the tribe upstream. The Alanu move upstream toward the town of Sukkur, where they trade for goods and supplies, before moving further inland along the Indus River. Departing from there, the Alanu reach the city of Alipur where the camp for some time under the protection of the Indus Valley people in the region. They trade for goods such as rice, coconuts, onions, and chickpeas, as well as purchasing many other goods for the benefit of resupplying their camp. While in the region, the Alanu purchase many Batrician camels to replace the dromedaries lost during their travels to India. With the new camels in their pool of livestock, the Alanu are able to produce additional wool for trading, acquiring new weapons, food, and services for the nation. Word of a relatively peaceful land to the north reach the ears of Gavrel, who upon investigation through the Etaku, confirm the information to be true. To the far north are lands largely ungoverned by the powerful nations to the south, and isolated from the rest of the region by tall mountains and deep valleys. Acting on this new information, Utallu Gavrel orders the entire camp to break and begin moving to the north yet again. The Alanu reach the region of Kashmir, entering into the valley from the southern passage new OTL Shopian. The Alanu reach a beneficial agreement with the local tribes, allowing them to settle in the region in exchange for assisting them with the mutual defense of the land from rival tribes. Gavrel agrees to the arrangement, and his people settle down in the Kashmir Valley. Due to prior fears of a second potential exodus, the Alanu do not put down foundations for buildings or permanent churches for worship, but rather maintain their tents and mobility in the event that they must flee the land once more. The land is cultivated by the Alanu, who bring with them their knowledge of irrigation and metal plowshares to help develop large crops. The wheat which once served as the staple food of the Assyrians has since been replaced by the rice and chickpeas traded with the Indians in the south. With the assistance of the locals, the Alanu learn to properly cultivate the new crops and adapt the different growing seasons of the region. In the largely safe lands of Kashmir, the Alanu witness a measure of prosperity long yearned for by their people. Men bring in much food from the fields and hunts, women give birth to many healthy children, and the livestock of the nation provide them with much cloth, milk, meat, and other useful goods.
    • Alu Alanu (Parthia): The Alanu who broke from the main body of the nation settle down in the region of Transoxiana, where they built large tent communities along the Oxus River. Messages from the new Utallu of the Alu Alanu are received, notifying the Alanu of Transoxiana of the location of their people in Kashmir. Due to the large number of weak and infirm within the ranks of the Alanu residing in Parthia, a response detailing the situation and inability to join the other one-half of the nation is sent out. Understanding the matter, the new leader of the Alanu sends a message appointing his brother Mered, Aru (or "guide"), of the Alu Alanu of Transoxiana. Mered arrives in the community and quickly takes the lead among the survivors of the exodus, directing the Alanu along the Oxus not to put down foundations as per his brother's instruction, as they are no more than guests of the Parthians insofar as the Alanu are to be concerned. Rather, the Alanu nurse their weak, cultivate the land, and trade with the Parthians, who have so far been generous hosts to the Alanu. Due to the lack of warriors among their number due to all of them staying under the leadership of Gavrel in India, the Alanu of Parthia make themselves invaluable to the surrounding community by providing them with services not readily found in the region, such a schooling, healthcare, and entertainment learned from their time back in Mesopotamia. By providing services of value to the Parthians, the Alanu are able to convince them that their protection is of benefit to the entire nation of the Parthians. Many of the scholars who accompanied the Assyrians into the desert join the courts of the local governors and magistrates, teaching them astronomy, mathematics, and Christianity, as well as convincing the local Zoroastrian rulers that their religions can co-exist peacefully. Indeed, the Alanu are able to bring to heel many of the tribes that attacked them, or even see them completely driven from the land with the backing of the Parthian government by providing what those tribes cannot.
  • Lhasa: Lhasa continues to expand as much as reasonably possible. Wealth and infrastructural developments continue. Two expeditions are sent to go far beyond the city’s dominion, each consisting of cartographers, traders, some guards, and many fine yaks as gifts and goods to trade, one expedition heading eastwardly and one to the south to try to cross the Himalayas. The purpose of these expeditions is to facilitate trade and gain allies and knowledge of the surrounding regions [MOD RESPONSE REQUESTED]. The most ambitious military campaign yet is also organized to subjugate the areas to the west with the ideal being to secure the source of the Yarlung Zangbo River [MOD RESPONSE REQUESTED].
  • Aztec Empire: When Hueyi Tlatoani Cuauhtemoc I learns from the last will of the King of Metztitlan, he decides to pay respect and integrate his realm into the empire. The Amazixtl (Moroccan) in the empire are mostly part of the military, now used as a special musketeer and grenadier force. The come into action when an uprising led by Pepins nephew Hugh near the city of Orleans, a large trading city with a larger defensive structure surrounding it. It is known as the capital of the former French Confederation, a stronghold of Hugh and his family, after they abandoned Aquitaine. The revolting army was crushed immediately, while information or captioned leaders of the resistance are getting a bounty on their head. Gold and land for everybody who presents the real Hugh of Aquitaine to Aztec authorities. Meanwhile, the province of Alesia undergoes a new land reform, under which the region is split thrice, Burgundy in the far east, Cenapon in the center and Pelac (Aquitanian Belac) in the south. All of which are ruled by loyal and educated Tlatoani that come form minor noble families of the region. This comes with a few Aztec settlements and a fort every few miles to ensure the safety of the roads and the quick repression of an uprising. The roads are modernized and the largest cities receive even a sewer system. This comes at a cost, that the colonies pay in larger quantities of wine, wool and timber. The trade continues with the neighbouring nations as well as some nations in the Caribbean and farther north. Because Pepin is no longer a valuable hostage, the emperor sends a letter to the Tarascan King, asking if the French king can be exiled to a lonely island in their island colonies (TARASCAN RESPONSE, PLEASE). Trade with agricultural products, textiles, wax and minerals continues, as tariffs on merchants are low and professional manufactoring is heavily encouraged. The army has a permanent size of 100,000 men. 
  • Beothuk:this year sees more expansion in our colony in Vinland. The spire to the heavens is nearing construction and will soon be revealed to the public what this grand monument is for. The queen orders an expansion of the army and navy to help enforce our law and protet our citizens. Meanwhile, the Colonial Citizenship royal decree is passed granting all non-Beothuk born people currently residing in any Beothuk territory full citizenship.
  • Guarani Empire: With yet another victory against the Het nation all the lands east of the Paraná River would be conquered into the Guarani realm and the remaining Het land being forced to pay tribute to the Emperor. The now very old Mburuvicha Kuarahykatu II would pass away in 1605, being succeeded by his 46 Year old son Aranduvicha. The new monarch would lead a more peaceful reign then his father, becoming a patron of the arts he would invite many great artists to the imperial court with paintings, sculptures, carpets and decorations being issued in the extensive imperial palace. The Mburuvicha would also extend large patronage to the sciences and would raise incentives for enrollment of national and prized foreign students in the Imperial House of Knwoledge in addition to expanding the institution physically. Overseas the colonies of Kongo and in East Africa would see continued growth as settlers and merchants continue to pour in to take advantage of the evergrowing slave, gold, ivory and local spice trades. The settlements in the east coast of the continent would be reorganized into the Colony of Itajhũyvy with the prospering gold port of Itarupa (Sofala) as it´s capital. The expansion of acitivities in the region would cause explorers and merchants to discover the northern city states of the Horn of Africa, the discovery would impress the Guarani as they would be the first civilised sea fairing state in the region they found. This northern coast would be filled by towns and small outposts mostly independent from each other but mantaining heavy contact, Chief among them would be Malao and Oponi. This event would open yet another trade opportunity for the colonists, with pottery, slaves, exotic animal products and skins, incense and most importantly spices being apart of this local commerce. Strangely, rumours would eventually spread along the colony that the spices of the horn nations come from a legendary and rich land beyond the vast eastern ocean. This would, however, be mostly dismissed and myth. The Empire would continue to wait for the response of the Zimbabwan King (that was requested in the last turn) (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). With the very steep increase in Guarani commercial activity caused by the colonization of Africa the Emperor would see necessary to set up proper relations with and display the power of the Empire to the northern seafaring nations that had become common destination for national merchants to sell their sought after colonial goods and adquire local products in demand back home. Thus in 1607 a great diplomatic-commercial voyage consisting of a large fleet of 11 Warships and 34 Trade/Cargo Vessels of varying size, thousands of men, tens of prized diplomatic court officials and with an enourmous cargo of various products including exotic gifts to impress the foreign rulers would be organized, setting sail in late 1608. This expedition would visit the courts of the Arawak Empire, the already visited Kingdom of Ayiti, the Aztec Empire, Cherokee Nation, Kingdom of Tenakomakah/Powhatan, Lenapehoking and at last Mi'kma'ki. In each court the Imperial envoys would establish relations, greeting the foreign leaders and presenting many exotic gifts from the Empire´s mainland and colonies (expecting gifts to be exchanged) They would then offer a mutual commercial agreements with the nation and request the creation of Guarani trade quarters in the country (and vice versa, if wanted). While docked in the visited state the grand voyage fleet would also trade in local markets. (ARAWAK, AYITI, AZTEC, CHEROKEE, POWHATAN, LENAPE, MI'KMA'KI RESPONSE NEEDED)(Respond in your next turn so not to crowd this). The Grand fleet would ultimately take the North Atlantic current to return home, passing by Europe and docking in a few major ports in Aztec France and Lenape Iberia while on it´s way.
  • Tarascan Empire: A grand theatre is built in Tzintzuntzan, and it is specifically made to be able to house local theatre performances that are normally held outside or in small open amphitheaters. This theatre is supposed to reflect our wealth and power.
    • Tarascan Philippines (Or should I say Asia now): An expedition consisting of 300 men is sent from the settlement at OTL Xiamen to go north by ship along the coast. This expedition is made to search for the rich nation that many claim to exist. Settlements are built outside of Xiamen Island around the bay.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in II continues his campaign against Egypt. He sends reinforcements to his troops in Egypt. A force of 3,000 men attacks the city of Herakleopolis. These 3,000 troops are composed of 1,500 infantrymen, 800 artillery troops, 500 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. A fleet of six small ships (again, suited for river combat) is also sent to provide naval support during the Battle of Herakleopolis. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) He also asks of Small Cilicia to provide troops to support him in battle. (CILICIA RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, Listuguj City becomes an industrial center in Mi'kma'ki, providing timber and fish as well as other things. A factory is built in Listuguj City. King Mu'in II agrees to trade with the Guarani Empire. (GUARANI RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu.
  • Nitasina (Innu): Kepek continues growing exponentially, quickly becoming the main port city of the southern Naneuepanuat (St. Lawrence River), only exceeded in importance by Notiskuan (Anticost). Expansion in the colonies continues, with the two smaller kingdoms south of Numanti (Normandy) and Wexford being given the choice to integrate into Innu Numanti (Innu Normandy) with similar autonomy as the Numans (Normans), consisting of shared rule with ITAU, and trade deals as well, or face an invasion of 4,000 men from Kuntshassi (Cornwall), Numanti (Normandy), and newly conquered portions of Wales and Ireland (Mod Response Requested). ITAU starts to consolidate the combined military force of the colonies in Normandy, Ireland, Cornwall, and Wales with a similar organization to the actual Innu military to help defend old lands and expand into new lands. Lower class people who can't afford land in Nitasina start to move into the colonies as indentured servants to gain land in the colonies. ITAU begins a program in which poor farmers can get land grants to go to the colonies in exchange for some percent of goods, especially wool and grapes, from farms in the colonies. Meanwhile, closer to home, Kalaallit Nunaat is offered a royal marriage with Minushkueu, the first daughter of Mashku III, and according to the male-preference primogeniture structure of the Innu government, would produce an heir to both the Innu throne and the Kalaallit Nunaat (Mod Response Requested). Natupanu-Ashits, consisting of 160 soldiers each, are further grouped into Natupanu-Mashieu, commonly Mashieu, consisting of eight Ashits, totaling to 1,280 soldiers per Mashieu.
  • Western Cree Confederation: Pascus pioneers new military tactics with greater emphasis on firearms (less on mounted archery). High Chief Osamusquasis dies of natural causes, turns the Cree Confederation into a “diarchy” between Gen. Pascus and Supreme Chief Wasepeschan. An uneasy peace ensues – which could be attributed to their different bases of support (preventing competition) and Pascus’ infrequent stays in the Three Cities. Wasepeschan and Pascus meet in the Three Cities to establish laws pertaining to citizenship. The two strike a compromise in which all ethnic Cree (even within newly-annexed territories) would be granted a form of citizenship, but suffrage would be only extended to households with at least one member who has succeeded civil or military examinations and has fulfilled civil or military service for a period of five years or more; thus, the bill attains both popular and aristocratic support. Wasepeschan also introduces a separate clause not extending this to slaves, whose status as property is affirmed (with the exception of penal slaves, who are state-owned and retain limited rights and protections whilst enslaved, and fully regaining them after fulfilling their sentence). Rights include participation in the election of High Chiefs and the Supreme Chief, the right to stand for public office (both limited to aristocrats), partake in civil or military examinations, participate in local assemblies, elect local Chieftains, own property (especially pastureland and livestock) – either via direct ownership, or via a lease, the right to attain lawful marriage, sue in courts, have a legal trial, and appeal the decisions of the village courts. Pascus also lobbies for the conversion of Board of Punishments to the Justice Council, which is now equal to the Supreme Court and the Grand Council (the executive and legislative bodies, respectively). The economy proliferates with the export of woolens, linens, furs, and leathers; and to a lesser extent, tallow, maple syrup/sugar, salt, apicultural goods (honey, mead, wax), and pemmican. Within urban centers, small-scale workshops specializing in the production of manufactures thrive. "Cree Baroque" – while limited to the Three Cities and its suburbs – continues to flourish. A reinvigorated agricultural sector, fuelled by the abundance of land and pasture (for the semi-feral bison herds), triggers a population boom. Crop rotation – alternating between maize, tepary or common beans, and fallow (or clover) – is widely practiced. Iron plows, threshing machines, hand-driven rotary mills, and horse mills, continue to diffuse.

1610-1615

If you have not posted yet in the previous turn, you may still do so.

The Mi’kmaq attack on Egypt is successful, with the Mi’kmaq capturing the city of Herakleopolis, and securing Lower Egypt. The Mi’kmaq suffer 980 casualties, while the Egyptians suffer 14,580 casualties, and numerous civilian losses or deaths from disease.

The Kingdom of Kush is established as a rump state of the remaining Egyptian imperial nomes, and seizes control of the rest of Upper Egypt outside of Mi’kmaq’s control. Scouts report to the Mi’kmaq governor in Egypt that the Kushites have cities brimming with gold.

The King of Great Zimbabwe, Nyatsimba Mutota, agrees to meet with the strange foreigners who arrive in his nation. He accepts the offer to trade, and for the Guarani to construct trade posts and missions in a small number of select towns of the nation. Although he does not approve of the foreign religion imposed by the Guarani, he remains willing to tolerate it in exchange for cooperation with the foreigners. He particularly is fascinated with beads, jewelry, and decorative goods, which the nation prizes greatly, as well as weapons and other oddities.

The expeditions launched by the Lhasa encounter several nations. In the south across the Himalayas, the Tibetans encounter the nations of Nepal and Bhutan, while north of the Himalayas they encounter the tribe of Shigatse. In the east the Tibetans make contact with the nation of Tian.

The remaining independent nations of northern France reject the offer from the Innu. The Innu invasion that follows is successful, with the Innu suffering 870 casualties, and the locals suffering 4,560 casualties. With their territory now occupied, the French request aid from the Aztec against the attackers.

The Western Cree invasion of the Swampy Cree leads to the Western Cree capturing the northern one-half of the Swampy Cree's territory, with the Western Cree suffering 2,380 casualties, and the eastern Cree suffering 4,330 casualties. A second army from the eastern Cree marches into southeast Western Cree while their army is distracting, successfully capturing the region. During this campaign, the Western Cree suffer 2,430 casualties, while the eastern Cree suffer 2,010 casualties. The Swampy Cree attempt to make peace with the Western Cree, in which they pay a high amount of tribute to the Western Cree for them to withdraw and accept pre-war borders.

Please take note of the rules that will be posted in discord.

  • Lhasa: Wealth and infrastructure developments continue. The dominion expands more modestly as the new territories to the west are consolidated. With the discovery of new civilizations King Dolma sends many more trade expeditions to them, trading goods and information, and also spreading Tibetan Buddhist thought.
  • Aztec Empire: The emperor dies in 1610, his nephew Cuitlahuac becomes Hueyi Tlatoani Cuitlahuac I. The new emperor is quick to establish good relations with the Guarani, trading wine and ores with them. The textile production is now less localized, when the first large manifacturies are funded in the larger cities of the empire. These workshops are usually operated by 50 or more people and can outproduce smaller weavers without a problem. Similarily the iron production is now way more centralized around larger industrial centers. In the colonies, Hugh and his French army still cause trouble. The new provinces prove to be easier to govern and rebellions can be put down easier by the local lords, than having to report everything to the unofficial colonial center of Moctezumacan in Brittany. The general Diriangén II is ordered to be the vice-emperor of Francia. The name was given after the conquest of the French confederacy, even though the Bretons, Aquitans and French are both to the Aztecs and the natives distinctive cultures. To make inner contact easier between local lords, Aztec authorities and also the local population. This is made with a standardized spelling for the respective languages. Since Nahuatl does not feature voiced consonants (except for nasals like m and n), the letters for voices consonants get flipped upside down to represent the sound in a voiced manner. For example, the letter for "P" is flipped upside down to become a "B". Since Aztec does not feature letters for F and V, the letters for P and B get simply doubled. Nasal sounds in French get marked via diacritics. The economy of the colonies continues to grow, especially as more settlers come to the now peaceful regions like Brittany and Aquitaine. Steel and agricultural products are lucrative. A larger campaign is set up to find the remnants of Hugh's army and capture him (MOD RESPONSE ON THE SUCCESS). 
  • Miskito: The king dies in early 1605 and is succeeded by his son who dies six days into his reign. So the Electors draw up a new Constituaiton which made the Electors make one other elector as Dracter for five years. The first one of Sedra of Eastern Nicaragua. He send 300 people to try to settle OTL [Mod Response needed]. He also increases trade with Mi'mak'ki [response needed]  
  • Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu.
  • Tarascan Empire: Cazonci Pauacume III dies at an old age, and is succeeded by Huitzimengari. Electors of the Cazonci no longer have to be from the Uacúsecha clan, but one has to be from the Uacúsecha clan to be Cazonci. Some high government positions are now open to the common people, though they have to pass rigorous exams to even be considered viable for the position. A postal system is set up, which takes advantage of our cavalry usage and great roads. The result is that one can mail a letter from the Pacific coast, and in one week someone in the distant Otomi territory can receive it.
    • Pukutapuomikua (Tarascan Maritime Asia): The settlements in southern Luzon grow faster, as native attacks are less common near the Maynilan border and trade brings wealth to the area. A second settlement is built on top of the abandoned one at Kaohsiung city consisting of 250 people, and this time does not suffer the same fate as the previous one. It is fortified and grows as it can exchange goods with both the Philippines and the colonies in China.
    • Apatzaru (Tarascan Continental Asia) The nations of Yue and Wu are discovered (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). Another settlement is founded on OTL Hong Kong and is named Japundapukutapu.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in II attacks the Kingdom of Kush to the south in an attempt to control the many riches of the kingdom and bring the rest of Egypt under his jurisdiction. Reinforcements are sent to the troops operating in Egypt. A force of 3,250 troops attacks the Kushite city of Abydos. These 3,250 troops consist of 1,625 infantrymen, 825 artillery troops, 600 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) He also requests of Small Cilicia to provide troops to help him invade Kush. (CILICIA RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Nitasina (Innu): Seeking to grow in power and increase ties with Kalaallit Nunaat, Greenland is offered a royal marriage with Minushkueu (currently 19 years old), the first daughter of Mashku III, and according to the male-preference primogeniture structure of the Innu government, would produce an heir to both the Innu throne and the Kalaallit Nunaat throne after the death of Mashku III's second born son, Tapuemakan II (currently 17 years old), due to any child not being able to rule until at least 16 years of age under Innu law (Mod Response Requested). The third born daughter of Mashku III is offered to the Mi'kmaq to help increase ties with them (Mi'kamq Response Requested).
    • ITAU [ITTC or TTC in English]: The victory in Numanti is celebrated, and soon an administrative center is set up in Nauashu Shakuship (literally, Little Shakuship) [Ile de la Cité], due to its strategic importance on one of the major rivers of the region, the fertility of the land around the Sine [Seine River], well as being easily defensible. The Innikaieu program, in which Innu farmers are given passage to the colonies in exchange for 20% of their goods once they settle down, grows after the growing demand for wool on the mainland without having tariffs on the wool. These farmers also grow grapes and other crops as well. Iron is also found in the Akamit Tshissekau region, of which the original settlement has since grown into a medium sized port city, but due to poor infrastructure into the countryside, minimal amounts are extracted. 4,000 soldiers stay on the Aztec colonial border in the case that they support the smaller French kingdoms, with more being intended to join the fight if the Aztecs do declare war. The Aztecs are assured that no invasion of their colonies will commence unless they declare an offensive war or aid the governments of the French governments, in which case ITAU will defend its colonies. [SECRET] IF the Aztecs do start to mobilize on the border, French natives in eastern Aztec colonial lands are given guns and training to rebel against the Aztecs, aimed to get the rebels ready by 1616. The rebels would gain similar autonomy to the Normans if the plan were to commence, with ITAU having join control with some local leaders. [END SECRET].
  • Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu. Lenapehoking: Trade across the eastern sea continues, with the sea becoming known as the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea]. The Lenni Lenape settlers scour the coast and the Middle East, extracting all gold and other wealth, and preparing this for export back to the nation in the west. A great treasure fleet transports the gold west, using trade posts at Carthage and Iberia to reach the Lenape homeland. Due to the threat of piracy and the lingering fear of the Sea People, or such a group like them, the nation begins to expand its wartime fleet in the east, and sending ships to patrol the Wapaneu.
  • Powhatan: Powhatan. We are the Powhatan, and this is the history of the Powhatan. Since the beginning we began as the Powhatan, and continued to prosper as them and do the business of the Powhatan. We were Powhatan once then, and we are Powhatan now. We speak clearly, and we dress finely. We conduct our Powhatan business with the utmost Powhtan eticut and articulation. The Powhatan leader continues to oversee the government of the Powhatan, with the Powhatan people living out their lives and doing as they are instructed. The people of Powhatan continue to prosper and conduct business as they always had for generations, from the times of the very first Powhatan leader, to the current time, in which the current Powhatan leader is in charge of the Powhatan. It has come to pass that many great things have happened, and society is often constantly change, but despite this the Powhatan continue to remain here, and they continue to prosper. Many plans are made for future Powhatan endeavours, which the Powhatan oversee and think upon.We continue to consolidate power over the island of Britain, expanding settlements in the northern areas just south of Kaalimat and along the northern coast of Wales. The Lowalnds colony expands northward, allowing allies of the Belgae to help crush the Dutch Confederacy at their capital of Hollanda. Outposts are constructed along the Frisian islands. At home, arts continue to thrive as baroque music is developed, and quickly becomes synonymous with the elite. 
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: In the early 1600s, all colonies, especially those in the Mediterranean, are expanded and further settled.

1615-1620

Controversy erupts in Brittany, after a secret basement is discovered in the headquarters of Diriangén II in Moctezumacan. It is revealed that for years the general has been kidnapping dozens children and murdering them, possibly in connection to a dark magic ritual that he learned of from the native Celts. Elsewhere, the expedition to kill or capture Hugh proves unsuccessful. The leader of the main Aztec expedition, Matlalihuitl, squanders much of the expedition’s budget at brothels and taverns, causing the group to be unprepared. At the so called Battle of Lemannus Lake, the Aztec expedition suffers a humiliating defeat, despite the natives being unarmed, with 16 Aztec warriors being killed in the confusion.

From their trade of technology from the Lenape, the Latin Confederacy starts on a rapid expansion, invading and subjugating all of northern Italy and Illyria. Numerous tribes including the Sabines and Slovenes are completely exterminated.

The Assyrian contingent in the Indian subcontinent leads a successful attack against the north of the Indus River, leading to the creation of an Assyro-Indian Kingdom, with its capital in Sirkap. The Assyrians largely assimilate to the native customs of the region, but retain their religion and other traditions. Elsewhere, Central India south of the Ganges and east of the Indus becomes dominated by the Kingdom of Ujjain.

The Meccan Confederacy or “Kalifat” Empire regains their expansion in the Middle East, vassalizing many city-states of southern and Central Mesopotamia, including some that had previously been tributaries of the Lenape. In the Levant, the Meccan Confederacy also subjugates most of the states around Egypt, or the states that had broken away from Egypt, which extends their borders to the Sinai Peninsula and the Mediterranean Sea. The state of Petra remains independent, but sworn to the Meccans from the south.

The attack on the Kingdom of Kush by the nation of Mi’kmaq results in a decisive Mi’kmaq victory, with the invaders capturing the southern one-half of the former Egyptian Empire. The Mi’kmaq suffer 1,340 casualties, including a large number of deaths from disease and lack of supplies, while the natives suffer 10,120 casualties.

  • Beothuk: An expedition which is led by the queen herself establishes a settlement in West Sahara and begins its colonization of Hotland (OTL Africa). On its way back to the Beothuk mainland, the royal ship gets separated and gets caught in a storm and is presumed lost at sea together with the crown jewels. With no direct heir to the throne, it is decided that the late queen's sister will become the next queen. She takes the name Hea´ther IV and declares a one-year mourning period. She asks our allies Mikmaq and Powhaatan for help in creating a new set of crown jewels as the former ones were lost at sea. One of the queen's first moves as queen is to introduce artillery into the armed forces.
  • Aztec Empire: Cuitlahuac I is ashamed and shocked of the current state of the colonies. Diriangén II is put under arrest immediately after the scandal becomes public, general Chicahua who is in the general command of the army in the colonies, takes power and operates the domestic policies in a state of emergancy. The emperor appoints him officially as vice emperor of Francia. He is also adviced to pull Matlalihuitl off the campaign, stripping him of all his wealth to both punish him and make up for his waste of resources. The recent incompetence causes a reform of the military leadership, generals and officers receive new payment in supplies during their campaigns, money is paid for successful operations only. The training of both soldiers and officers is now heavily intensified, which causes a delay in deployments as the training is now double as long. A moral education is given to the soldiers as well, outlawing adultery or encountering with prostitutes in any way. Alcohol is strictly banned before the night comes and everybody who breaks these laws is punished severely, usually with no access to food for three days or physical punishments at the discretion of the officer in charge. It is as well taught where to empty ones bowels, to keep diseases from spreading inside the camp. The search for Hugh continues, now supported by the excellent scouts of the Lipan and more hostages being taken rather than immediately killed. It is also figured, that the generals need more praxis in their training, so the last remaining small nations become target to the Aztec ambitions. Another reason is the costly lifestyle of the Aztec noblemen, and the evergrowing need for export generated profits by wealthy landlords and owners of manufacturies. For all these reasons, a military operation near Cubao is started, declaring war on the island Kingdom of Guanahatabey (OTL Isla de la Juventud). For the conquest of the Islands, smaller ships are developed, that can be operated by just 20 men, while carrying 200. After a successful blockade, larger ships with more men will show up with many officers and generals who are concidered competent enough are put in charge, to organize the operation. The goal of the war is not to decimate the population or to wreak havoc on the islands, but to establish a loyal tributary state with the old native nobility still in power. Mostly infantry is used with massive artillery bombardments against coastal forts, followed by the arrival of the infantry and grenadiers. Economy wise, the state still prospers, some ports even have to be enlarged to match the large number of merchants selling and buying goods from and to other nations. Cotton, minerals, jewelry, corn, wax and wine are very lucrative trading goods. Crop rotation is now common in most areas, increasing the population to grow due to larger accessibility in food, better medicine and more general safety.
  • Lhasa: King Dolma slips and breaks his hip; he later died of the injuries. His son Dolma II take power and prove his legitimacy begins a campaign eastward following the Yarlung Zabo River until Lhasan dominance reaches into OTL Arunachal Pradesh and all of the area between the Yarlung Zabo and Salween Rivers. After the death of Dolma I the Dalai Lama, supported by the larger and growing monastic class and the transitionary period, gains greater influence and power. Subsequent reforms within the growing state and the monastic communities effectively leads to monks becoming a bureaucratic class within Tibet. The city of Lhasa’s population reaches 19,000 and new engineering techniques are developed to insure fresh water continues to come into the city and polluted water out of the city. With the expansion of Lhasan dominance in the Tibetan Plateau the state begins to refer to itself as U-Tsang from here on out. As a messenger system is developed (inspired by OTL Incas) and literal highways are constructed yak-riders who are ready to ride day or night are able to convey a message from one end of the kingdom to the next in less than a week. Trade continues to flourish with other newly discovered nations and the development of roads wealth continues to accumulate in the mountain nation. Of the goods that have since flown into the nation common ones are spices and jade, but from the west some merchants have brought an oddity: firearms, particularly a set of rifles from the West, and though they are studied lack of understanding about them and their poor conditions results in them being kept as simple oddities in the royal palace, though a name is developed for them: me mda'. 
  • Tarascan Empire: Hearing of the scandal in the Aztec realm, Cazonci Huitzimengari starts a crackdown on corruption in the military. If a general does waste money like Matlalihuitl did, then the situation shall be even more dire then the one that occurred in France, as the colonies in China and The Philippines are farther away relatively than the Aztec colonies in France. Given the state of conflict with the Philippine Tribes, a Matlalihuitl in the Tarascan Ranks could very well endanger the very being of all of our holdings in Asia. Money distribution for the military is settled beforehand, and the commanders are not able to use the Money distributed to them for themselves or a purpose not agreed upon beforehand. There will be some goods carried on the campaign to be used for bribery, but these goods are to be used for that purpose only. Members of the military will not be paid after an unsuccessful operation (loss because of general incompetence). Jungle diseases have claimed many lives, so proper hygiene is encouraged. Alcohol is banned on a campaign, and soldiers are taught that as part of their duty they should live moral lives. In this situation, the new naturalistic religion known as "Ma Jurukata" (One Path) is encouraged. Ma Jurukata starts to become independent from the Tarascan Religion.
    • Apatzaru (Tarascan Continental Asia): The coast of China from OTL Putian to OTL Macau is mapped and major towns and cities in that area remembered and marked on the map. We send a group of 75 soldiers with a general who oversees the Xiamen area accompanied by two translators to the Yue capital Kuaiji (Shaoxing) to request a diplomatic interview and the opening up of trade relations. Numerous Minyue towns in the Xiamen Area will be attacked including one at OTL Quanzhou by a host of 950 soldiers and two warships. As there will be a river between Quanzhou and us, we shall prepare for the construction of pontoon bridges. We shall use all of our modern weapons, though swords will be used quite often in this campaign.
    • Pukutapuomikua (Tarascan Maritime Asia): We request a formal alliance with the Maynilan Kingdom.  
  • Salish Kingdom: We colonize OTL Sakhalin and name it Suiattladelkhii.  
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Mu'in II dies of old age, and his son, Prince Matntimg, succeeds him on the throne. He continues the legacy of his father. The newly conquered territory in Egypt is divided into three pieces: Egypt, Kush (following the borders between Mi'kma'ki and Kush during the later part of the war with Egypt), and Israel. The three territories are allowed some local autonomy, but Mi'kmaq officials are placed in control of them. The former nation of Israel is formally released from Egypt and turned into a colonial protectorate. Construction of a canal linking the Red Sea to the Mediterranean partly through the Nile (OTL Canal of the Pharaohs) begins. In the Sinai Peninsula, turquoise is discovered and subsequently mined. Meanwhile, in Egypt, the use of sugarcane by the Egyptians is discovered and quickly adopted by the Mi'kmaq colonists. The Mi'kmaq colony on Cyprus expands to cover the entire island. Explorations are sent around Central and Southern Africa. King Matntimg wages war with Philistia in an attempt to colonize it. He sends a fleet of ten ships to attack the city of Gaza. (MOD ALGORITHM NEEDED) He also accepts the royal marriage with Mashku III’s third daughter. (NITASINA RESPONSE NEEDED) King Matntimg agrees to send Queen Hea’ther IV jewels of Cantabrian amber and Sinai turquoise. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Guarani Empire: The Grand Fleet Expedition of 1608-1610 would yield very large results as the ensuing trade deals that were secured and interest generated by the sheer presence of the large trade armada upon local merchants would result in the commercial activity boom, that had been generated by the colonization of Africa, to escalate even further as direct trade with the rich north becomes very common. The Guarani state would begin to adopt officially mercantilistic policies to maximise the crown´s revenue from the ever rising sector of commerce. Under the new policy, manufactured textiles imported from nations such as the Inca would be more highly tariffed and the creation of national manufacturers would be highly incentived, this transition would be made much smoother with the raw material being amply available due to the very high production of wool in the country. The heart of the Guarani Empire would see siginficant increase in urbanisation as its cities grow from the rise of trade and the creation of more manufacturies. Overseas the colony of Itajhuyvy (East Africa) would continue seeing large growth, the agreement signed with the King of Great Zimbabwe would see even more gold flow to the colonists, the Guarani explorers would also discover more of the flourishing small merchant city states beyond the Horn of Africa, in Arabia and Ethiopia. Not long after the contact with these native trade states very deadly diseases from America would spread to their population, ravaging the peoples of these previously prosperous nations. The Guarani colonial government in Itarupa would see this as an opportunity and send most of their local army, numbering to about 2,500 men, in many detachments to seize control of the now chaotic port towns, who would be basically unable to defend themselves: Sarapion, Oponi, Mosylon, Malao, Adulis and Aden would be subsequently invaded between 1613 and 1618.[MOD RESPONSE NEEDED] The Kingdom of Zimbabwe would also be affected by this plagues and Guarani colonists would use this to further meddle in their government affairs. The Guarani navy would also heavily increase their presence along the now busy trade routes connecting the colonies, homeland and northern trade partners.
  • Nitasina (Innu): The death of Mashku III comes at age 47 in 1618. Tapuemakan II accedes the throne of Nitasina, and begins to arrange the marriage of his older sister. He comes to the conclusion that his sister would be most useful married to the Kalaallit Nunaat heir, and the king of Kalaallit Nunaat is asked to marry his son to Minushkueu, first born daughter of Mashku III and older sister to Tapuemakan II. Due to the male-preference primogeniture (as opposed to male-only primogeniture) nature of the Innu line of succession, the earliest born male child of Minushkueu would be first in line to inherit the throne, after the child reached the age of 16, as dictated by Innu law. However, Tapuemakan II, seeking to stay on the throne until his death, makes it so that the male child would have to wait until they reached the eligible age (16) AND the current leader dies before ascending the throne (PM me on Discord if you need more details) (Mod Response Requested).
    • ITAU (Innu Trading/Colonial Company): Disgusted by the Aztec colonial governor and seeing that the Aztecs can't control their own people, an invasion with five Mashieu (6,400 troops total), mostly hired from the colonies, as well as a few lower ranked generals from the mainland (in hopes for them to gain some experience) and one Ashit (160 total) of troops Innu troops, is launched on Aztec France to eliminate the children killers of the east, taking advantage of the longer deployment time for Aztec troops due to extra training (War Algorithm Requested). Hugh is attempted to be tracked down in the east to aid him, and aid is given to any and all rebels in the east, in exchange for autonomy similar to Numanti (Normandy) and Kuntshassi (Cornwall), in which ITAU and local chiefs gaining joint authority over the region, as well as trade deals (Mod Response Requested). Northumbria, constantly eyed by, if not invaded by, the Tenakomakah, are offered a protectorate status under the Innu in exchange for joint local and ITAU control over the region, in which ITAU would use its standing army if an invasion from the Tenakomakah came, and Northumbria would supply troops for ITAU when needed as well. (Mod Response Requested) Meanwhile, in the French colonies, Nauashu Shakuship continues to grow as a colonial hub.

1620-1625

The Aztec invasion of the Kingdom of Guanahatabey results in the kingdom offering to become a vassal of the Aztec Empire. Despite this, numerous volunteers aid the kingdom in harassing Aztec forces, with the kingdom requesting formal aid from Ayiti.

The attack on the city of Quanzhou by the Tarascan State is successful, with the city being captured. The Tarascans suffer 300 casualties, while the native Chinese suffer 11,340 casualties, as well as the loss of numerous civilians. Elsewhere, the Maynilan Kingdom accepts an alliance with Tarascan Pukutapuomikua.

The Mi’kmaq find themselves unable to construct their canal, on account of limited manpower and resources, as well as constant attacks from the only recently conquered natives. The governor of Egypt squanders the entire budget of the colony in the attempt, and also loses 500 men to local attacks across the province. In the Levant, the Meccan Confederacy, the Philistines, Egyptians, and others, form an alliance to repulse the Mi’kmaq invasion, and successfully push the invaders to west of the Sinai Peninsula on land. Despite this, the city of Gaza is successfully bombarded by sea, with the Mi’kmaq suffering the loss of one ship and 190 people.

The Guarani attacks in Africa are hindered due to disease and lack of supplies so far east, but despite this they successfully captured the besieged cities. The Guarani suffer a total of 1,490 casualties during the campaign.

The Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat rejects the offer from the Innu, after the Innu diplomat accidentally insults the royal family of Greenland. The Innu diplomats are expelled, and tensions between the two nations remains high.

The invasion of the Aztec colonies in France by the Innu is successful, with the Innu capturing or liberating the majority of central France. Taking advantage of the invasion, Hugh and the rest of the French aristocracy amplifies their resistance, aiding the invaders and joining them in attacking Aztec towns. The Innu suffer a large number of casualties as well, partially due to disease. In total the Innu suffer 1,950 casualties, while the Aztec and their French inhabitants suffer 3,010 casualties.

Due to inactivity on the front, a peace is made between the Western Cree and the various Cree nations, with no territory switching hands. With neither side satisfied, the eastern Cree nations continue to build up their armies, fearing another conflict to be likely.

  • Beothuk: On the morning of September 12th, 1622, a wooden ship bearing the royal coat of arms arrives in the Beothukian main port. The woman in the boat is revealed to be the presumed lost queen Hea´ther III who survived but was shipwrecked on a mysterious island filled with strange flightless birds (Guess what). After a brief but civil power struggle, Queen Hea´ther IV abdicates in favour of Hea´ther III who becomes queen again. The queen orders that the colony in West Sahara shall be expanded and allocates the budget there. Meanwhile, an enormous siege gun known as the Vinland gun is built and placed in the Beouthuk capital as a deterent weapon against anyone who wants to attack them.
  • Aztec Empire: The emperor accepts the request by Guanhatabey to become an Aztec vassal. It improves the communication between the navy, the infantry and the officers in general. The very same soldiers come into use right after the message of an Innu invasion reaches Tenochtitlan, 30 large ships and 15 smaller transport ships are sent to Moctezumacan bringing 15,000 men to support the defensive lines of the Nahua Colonial Conglomerate's troops. The around 25,000 troops of the NCC are not affected by the current delays of the military, so they are able to bring the front to a stand still, at least for a smaller amount of time. The reinforcements are very disciplined, well trained and organized. They are taught how to improve their shooting and march in formation, they are supported by cavalry of around 2,000 in size. The diet of the army is also changed slightly, the import of corn is now put to a halt for the most part and the focus lies now on rye and wheat bread, preserved vegetables in salt or vinigar, sometimes even fruit become also very common in the camps. Sometimes hunted animals, eggs or fresh fruit are added. To intercept the Innu supply lines, a smaller fleet of around 20 battleships is patrolling in the English Channel. They are supported by a larger fleet of Lucayan (OTL Bahamas) pirates under the leadership of a man known as "Whitebeard". The captain of these pirates is born from a European mother and a Lucayan father. His brutal behaviour and his light hair made him famous in the Caribbean years ago. The Aztec authorities largely tolerate the theft they commit on Innu ships, as it is used as payment for their aid to the Aztecs. The reason for the Innu invasion as a moral war comes to the ears of vice-emperor Chicahua, who is the elected chairman of the NCC before he dethrowned Diriangen II. A letter from him makes its way to the ITAU, in which he states: "As a man (governor) who is responsable for so many lives, I care about all of them in the emperors name. About what the emperor does not care in his lands howerver, are the lives of invading soldiers and the lives of those who bring shame upon our great realm. If you (the Innu) are pleased to have those who are considered shameful (Diriangen II) punished by you, we can arrange this." (INNU RESPONSE, PLEASE). Local lords disputing Hughs power inside the French Confederation are aided heavily, each is promised to gain more influential after the death of Hughs family. The supported monarchs are the Duke of Orleans, Charles V., the King of Burgogne, Ottokar X and the Queen of Turaine Hedwig I. (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). Constant bombardments of Innu ports in Normandy occur, in hopes to destroy the harbours of the region.
    • ITAU (Innu) Diplomacy: A peace is requested of the Aztecs, in which the region around the Sarthe river is ceded to ITAU, and Diriangen II "the Mad" is put to death for his crimes against the children of the area. If not accepted, a ceasefire is asked of the Aztecs until terms can be agreed upon.
  • Cree Empire: Despite initial success, the Eastern campaign became a stalemate, with both sides – due to their relative economic backwardness – being unable to effectively consolidate their territorial gains. Supreme Chief Wasepeschan blames the failure of General Pascus' new methods of warfare (with greater reliance on shock and mounted infantry), as well as his rumored affairs with multiple women whilst officially on campaign. As a result, Pascus' reputation deteriorates, though he retains substantial support within the Banner XI. Supreme Chief Wasepeschan intensifies her literary inquisition and the repression of her political opponents. With the Grand Council under her firm control due to the dissolution of the conservatives – either through resignation, or through the appointment of loyalist military officers in their place – she grants herself the title of "Empress of the Cree"; a title indicating territorial ambitions over the entirety of the northern one-half of the Turtle Island. To affirm the point symbolically, the Empress of the Cree holds an elaborate coronation with attendance in the thousands – with her being bestowed upon a crown fashioned from bronze, bits of gold and silver, and imported precious metals. She also holds a massive celebration in the newly-rebuilt Imperial Palace (derived from her own personal properties) and gives political allies slaves and land grants in a bid to incentivize compliance to her heterodoxy. The new "Empress of the Cree" continues to maintain local democratic institutions (to avoid popular unrest within the rural majority), but effectively crushes them within the Three Cities area to consolidate her absolutism. Despite this, she consolidates the power of the Board of Finance, turning the region into a command economy. She also begins to increase the tax funds by re-instating a (voluntary) tributary system in which tribute would be rewarded with a series of benefits and legal exemptions, and uses these funds to develop the capital region economically. For example, she patronizes the construction of workshops manufacturing luxury woolens, linens, furs, and leathers; and whilst she uses does with the intent of benefiting her and her cronies, she indirectly stimulates the growth of industry. The surplus is exported in increasing amounts to fulfill foreign demands for these respective goods, with the profits made them from them further incentivizing further development. Stemming off her edifice complex, she finances the construction of numerous public baths (and sweat-baths), gymnasiums, latrines – all supplied by a series of water channels diverting water from the Elbow River. She takes a liking to General Minahicosis, a young but skilled (but orthodox in beliefs), whom she grants control over the banners I–II. Minahicosis exploits this attraction to advance his own role, however, ironically he finds himself rapidly bound and infatuated with the Empress. These new developments are disturbing to General Pascus, though he finds him unable to oppose and instead accepts parity with General Minahicosis – though he remains a de facto co-ruler, as Wasepeschan is well aware of Pascus' blood relations with both High Chief Osamusquasis and Supreme Chief Cicetacac, a contrast to her own humble heritage. Pascus shelters himself from general public disapproval though in the North. In this self-imposed "exile", he still manages to retain a lot of power within his own banner. He also is given the role of constructing a (small) wall lining the entire border with the Salteaux and the Swampy Cree by the Empress.
  • U-Tsang: Dolma II continues the expansion of U-Tsang. Through means of demanding fealty or conquest of other tribes, cities, and petty kingdoms U-Tsang manages to conquer almost the entirety of the Tibetan Plateau west of the Yangtze River. Some military reforms are undertaken to insure loyalty and increase competence by relying less on tribal lords and allies but instead on a more urban, professional commanders. Additionally Dolma II patronizes an experiment to breed a type of yak that’s better for riding and is faster with larger horns in attempts to create a more brutal form of yak-based cavalry (yakalry, if you will). As many resources are put into rapid expansion, military reforms, and road building to connect the new provinces other projects are put on hold or downgraded. A new sort of tax is levied upon imported luxury goods to ensure that funding can be secured. Meanwhile, culturally more and more areas in the kingdom transition to being more sedentary with heavy reliance on barley farming, fishing from the great rivers, and wheat. Because of increased relative security from having a central authority, more stable food supplies, and development of important infrastructure like rudimentary aqueducts and sewage life expectancy increases slightly across the Plateau. Trade continues to flourish, and because of decades of artistic experimentation and recent investments into the military limited quantities of a bronze alloy is produced for high-end art and elite weapons, replacing the common copper or stone.
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: Baroque music becomes a staple of Powhatan culture across the kingdom. New instruments are cut from the local trees of the Chesapeake Bay and are constructed into instruments known as viola and cello. Art and architecture also takes a drastic turn in the new generation. Paintings are made with emphasis on creating moods and characters out of changes of light and shading, and bringing out perspective with the use of shadows. Architecture makes some of the first efforts at making full domed arches since the time of the Cahokie empire, starting with monuments and temples at Foggy Bottom. The New Powhatan Trading company, over the last few decades, have steadily subverted control over all their allied territory in the British Isles, especially as many of the natives population have declined drastically due to diseases. As such, many new settlements and larger cities were constructed in replacement of native population centers. The city of Aksford is founded around a university made there. Defenses and settlements also grow in the Lowlands, with respect to our ally the Belgea, and continue to expand north and east into Frisia and Hollanda. In order to give aid to our ally, the Aztec Empire, the kingdom dispatches an invasion force at Cornwall, supported with a large contingent of auxiliary forces. An invasion of similar size attacks at Wales, likewise striking against the Innu colonial outposts there. The forces are primarily militia of the NPTC, but supported with professional cavalry and falconet cannons. The navy is also sent to strike against Tintegal, and blockade the ports at Cornwall and southern Wales. A smaller expedition also strikes against the Innu colonies in Ireland, who also send a diplomacy to the remaining Celtic High King of Ireland: we offer to help reverse the recent colonization against Ireland's homeland if they help Powhatan fight against Innu MOD RESPONSE. Diplomacy is also sent to ask for minor military and financial support from Kaalimaat, Innu's main rival MOD RESPONSE.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: In the decades after the death of Aucamar II, the Kingdom of Ayiti grew more centralized as feudalism entered its death throes, disappearing altogether from many parts of the country. Cities like Xaragua (OTL Port-au-Prince) and Conuco (OTL Santo Domingo) flourished alongside their resident merchant classes, which came to dominate political affairs at home and abroad. The initial success of merchant expeditions to the New World, as well as competition with foreign merchants, encouraged the state to invest a great deal of wealth into exploration and colonization. Gold dredged up by laborers in Crete played a part in recouping these losses, but the rulers were always hungry for more money to fill their coffers. Despite the merchants' persistence, many of these expeditions were total failures, bankrupting their sponsors and leaving the monarchy indebted to moneylenders. It was only after 1600 that the colonies started to produce profitable returns. The slave trade was one major source of income for Ayiti, as the nation's heavy naval presence on the coast of Africa ensured that its slavers could provide the kind of output demanded by its customers in North America. Trade with the coastal kingdoms of South America increased, including the Guarani Empire, the Crown of Aimoré, and Tupinambá. Meanwhile, the potential for riches and glory incentivized a number of soldiers and conquistadors to venture to the Mediterranean. Working with their Elymian allies, they were able to subdue the other Sicilian tribes and bring the whole island under Ayitian influence. One conquistador attempted a similar invasion of the Peloponnese, but lost his life in battle with the hostile Spartans. Still, several new areas were added to Ayiti's domains by these conquistadors, including the islands of Corfu, Santorini, and Naxos. The Ayitians made raids into a portion of the "heel" and "toe" of the Italian Peninsula, roughly corresponding to the regions of Salento and Calabria, but were unable to conquer it. Trading posts were founded at Algiers, Collo, Skikda, and Annaba. The colonies of Bociba (Corsica) and Raroko (Sardinia) expanded with new settlements at Sassari and Bastia, facilitating trade with Italy, Iberia, and Gaul. The island of Menorca received settlers too. Out of all the colonies, Crete is the most populated and urbanized, as the Ayitian conquerors were able to use a lot of the advanced infrastructure left by the Minoan civilization, and the indigenous population managed to bounce back from the effects of disease. Interbreeding and acculturation between Ayitians and Minoans formed a syncretism of their two cultures. Saffron, grown natively on Crete and used as a spice by the Minoans, was adopted into Ayitian cuisine, as were thyme, oregano, rosemary, and parsley via trade with other parts of the Mediterranean.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Matntimg wages war with the coalition of the Egyptians, Meccans, and Philistines. He sends an army of 4,500 troops (including 500 Blemmye mercenaries) to invade the Sinai Peninsula. These troops consist of 2,250 infantrymen, 1,200 artillery troops, 850 cavalry troops, 200 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) He asks of the Ayiti to aid him in his war efforts. (AYITI RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, colonial expansion and construction continues. A colony is founded on the mouth of the Oueme River, called New Listuguj (OTL Cotonou). Explorations are conducted along the coast of East Africa. Meanwhile, in Cyprus, copper is discovered and subsequently mined. The use of carob is discovered, and it is traded with Mi'kma'ki's trade partners. In an attempt to placate the Egyptians, King Matntimg increases Egyptian autonomy, creating a protectorate in Egypt. On the Mi'kmaq mainland, more maple syrup farms are built.
  • Tarascan Empire: The diet of the military is changed to reflect our growing military presence in Apatzaru. Maize is used less, and local vegetables and rice are used more. Certain groups of soldiers and instructed in how to live off the land and to gather wild animals in the region for soldiers to eat. These special ranks of soldiers are known as Pitanikuiripu. They are not specialized soldiers, though they must be able to use general weapons. The strategy of Volley Fire is perfected, making us less reliant on melee weapons when fighting the Chinese natives. A new architectural style develops in the Lake Patzcuaro basin. It is categorized by its great columned halls, wide stairs and flowing style which is uncommon in Mesoamerica. Roofs are curved which has practical purposes as well as artistic ones. The style seems to be inspired by the buildings in Apatzaru, though the connection is trivial.
    • Apatzaru (Tarascan Continental Asia): The West Sea Trading Company becomes increasingly involved in affairs in the colonies, creating a fort to protect their trading interests. All of Hong Kong island is explored and a force consisting of 875 men assisted by 100 cavalry is sent to attack OTL Haifeng. Elsewhere, a force of 1,050 men assisted by 150 cavalry is to attack OTL Chaozhou. Two warships each will be used in the dual invasions. Roads are built from OTL Xiamen to Quanzhou and Quanzhou is fortified. Two forts are built in the OTL Hong Kong new territories.
  • Nitasina (Innu): The diplomat, Tanaraq, an experienced envoy sent to discuss the marriage offer with the Kalaallit Nunaat, is convicted of treason to Nitasina. How he degraded the conversation from marriage vows to insults, only God shall know. His experience with the Greenlandic language is what made him seem such a good diplomat, but furthers the case against him, as his speech could not have been badly translated. He is hung shortly thereafter. Kalaallit Nunaat is sent a letter, as diplomats seem untrustworthy, written and signed by Tapuemakan II, asking for forgiveness for his envoy's horrible behavior, and seeing reviving an alliance so quickly impossible, pleading the Greenlandic king not to join the Tenakomakah in their war against Nitasina for the incident. Tapuemakan II has Minushkueu married a small noble in Nitasina and rushes them to have a kid, so as not to not die heirless, and a child is born in 1625, named Tshikass, heir to his uncle. Tapuemakan II prefers to stay unmarried, and stays that way.
    • ITAU (Innu Trading/Colonial Company): The surprise attack by the NPTC is met with the mustering of five Mashieu (6,400 men total) in the colonies. Two Ashits (320 troops) are sent to defend against any uprising in Ireland, while the rest of the Mashieu (960 troops) are sent to defend against an invasion of Wales. Three Mashieus (3840 troops) are sent to defend Kuntshassi [Cornwall] and if possible take some Tenakomakah lands (War Algorithm Requested), and one Mashieus (1280 troops) are sent to invade from Kent, distract, and take as much Tenakomakah land as possible (War Algorithm Requested). Four Mitshetu (32 ships) are sent to Bristol Channel, St. George's Channel, and the English channel to attack Tenakomakah ships and prevent convoys from naval invading the colonies (Naval Algorithm Requested). More to come when diplomacy to the Aztecs is responded to.

1625-1630

The large number of soldiers raised by the Aztec in France causes problems for the local population, as a famine occurs across the region. (Any algorithms for this war will be posted later, as requested by Ahoy.)

In Ireland the Irish nobles elect to support the Powhatan, sending an army to aid the Powhatan attack against the Innu. As a result the Innu are decisively defeated, with the Innu colonies being captured. The Innu sffer 300 casualties, as well as 880 civilian/militia casualties, the Powhatan suffer 210 casualties, and the Irish suffer 390 casualties.

The Powhatan attack against the Innu possessions in Wales is repulsed. The Powhatan suffer 340 casualties, while the Innu suffer 190 casualties. In Cornwall the Innu are defeated, with the Powhatan advancing into Cornwall. The Powhatan suffer 870 casualties, while the Innu suffer 1,100 casualties. In Kent the Innu successfully land in the region, but become locked in a stalemate in the center of the country, with the Powhatan suffering 150 casualties, and the Innu suffering 210 casualties.

At the Battle of the English Channel, in which the Powhatan and Innu engage in a naval battle, the Powhatan are victorious. The Powhatan are also aided by a small number of ships from Kaalimaat, who aid in embargoing the Innu. The Powhatan suffer the loss of five fire ships, two caravels, and two smaller vessels, as well as 920 casualties, the Innu suffer the loss of 13 ships and 2,100 casualties, and Kaalimaat suffers the loss of zero ships and 60 men.

The invasion of the Levant by the Mi'kmaq is successful, with the M'ikmaq capturing the former Levantine territory of the Egyptian Empire. They experience a high number of casualties, mostly due to disease and famine in the region. The Mi'kmaq suffer 1,290 casualties, the Meccans suffer 2,800 casualties, and the Levantine allies suffer 7,100 casualties. Additionally, a revolt breaks out in Egypt against Mi'kmaq rule, which is spurred on by the ongoing conflict in the Levant.

  • Miskito: A new Hatru is elected, the Elector from Core Miskito named Retra. he sends 15,000 soldiers of OTL Costa Rica using the Miskitan tactics [Mod response Needed]. The Hatru also sends 300 people to try to settle Fernando Po. [Mod response needed]. The creation of the Mezoian Coalition is done [Mayan, Ayitian, Aztec and Tarascan response Needed].
    • Tarascan Response: We would gladly join the Mezoian Coalition. To commemorate our joining a large stele is created in the Great Square of Tzintzuntzan. It is located on the Great Platform, an ancient space which once held the five Yácatas (Temples). It celebrates the union of Mesoamerica, and is decorated with Toltec imagery as the Toltecs were the only nation to control most of Mesoamerica.
    • Ayitian Response: With 15 company vessels and one-half regiment of infantry, Ayiti defends its claim to Etulá (Fernando Po), a colony and important slaver port of the Macanike Trading Company. The kingdom also refuses to join any alliances with Miskito on account of this incident.
  • U-Tsang: Expansion continues to the point that U-Tsang controls all of the geographic Tibetan Plateau. Roads continue to be built across the nation, along with other previous trends such as a growing bureaucratic monk class, messenger system, sanitation infrastructure, and growing sedentary lifestyle. The city of Lhasa’s population reaches 25,000 souls. Military developments also continue, with bronze becoming more and more common, primarily among urban troops so as to keep them a higher grade than tribal warriors. The heavy yakalry has been used with some success, though breeding is still being undergone to find the optimal yak build. Additionally chariots have become more common, usually pulled by a few small horses or if they’re particularly heavy, yaks (of course). King Dolma II commissions steles to be built across the plateau espousing his glory and Buddhist virtues.
  • Aztec Empire: Both the Hueyi Tlatoani Cuitlahuac I and the Francian vice-emperor Chicahua agree to the ITAU peace terms mostly, but under another condition: the Innu will have to pay reparations for this war, in the form of supporting Aztec ambitions to colonize central France by handing over exact positions of Hugh and his family (INNU RESPONSE NEEDED). Diriangen II "the Mad" is handed over to Innu authorities in 1625. Support against his army is also demanded. The famine caused by the large army starts to decrease as more soldiers are send back home, with around 300 to the Amazigh colony. The Tenakomakah are honored deeply with an envoy to their colony, thanking for the support. The colonial provinces are now heavier settled by Azte farmers, especially in the south, while the northern colonies are largely native. Marrying the Europeans is now more common and a general peaceful atmosphere is especially in the wealthy region of Aquitaine. Farming techniques from the old world make the harvests richer and the food situation more stable, so that the famine can be eradicated by 1627. The less secure regions to the east are also aided with food, so that the population there is less hostile, the Colonial Administration hopes. More larger settlements are founded in the region, especially along a road into the Duchy of Occitania, ending at the city of Narbona. One of such a major town is the city of Tula, which is massively expanded by the Aztecs. It went from around 200 to over 1,000 in just five years. A major garrison is stationed there as well, to support the routes. An envoy is sent to the Duke of Occitania, to start trading relations with his nation, as well as to ask for permission to set up a trading port near Narbonne (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). Cuitlahuac I has his third and only living son being born in 1630, after all his five former children died to illness or, in the case of his oldest son, died in the colonial wars. The boy is named Mocuhteczoma. He is born healthy and vital and will receive the best political, moral, militaric and philosophical education. The Baroque era starts to take over in the Aztec Empire as well, due to influence from the northern eastcoast. Aztec nobles enjoy the artstyle and music that is en vogue almost everywhere else on the continent.
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: Baroque areas of music, painting and architecture continue to flourish in the Kingdom of the Bay, especially around Foggy Bottom. More focus this era is made toward the New World. The New Powhatan Trading Company works out extensive treaty of alliance with King Aed of Ireland, the Treaty of Tara. Remaining troops on the island continue to aid the Irish building up defenses on the island for possible counterattack. The campaign in Wales is abandoed, and the troops are redirected from that region to fortify the conquered territory in Cornwall. The remaining invasion force there moves in to occupy Tintegal, and create strong anti-naval defenses. The navy that comes out victorious in the Battle of the Channel helps secure the coast of Cornwall, and blockade any attempt of relieving the Innu incursion in Kent. A further contingent of milita with auxilerary is raised to retake the region.
  • Lenapehoking: The nation decides to aid the coalition against the Mi’kmaq, and immediately orders an invasion into the Levant. In order to pacify our southern border and ensure a lasting peace, good relations are sought with the Meccan Confederacy, and goods are sold to them to be used against the Mi’kmaq. A Lenape army is dispatched beforehand, which invades south from Tyre into Palestine. This army is supported by a larger force of colonial soldiers, mostly raised from Assyria, Mari, and Palmyra. Ships are ordered to raid Mi’kmaq shipping, and completely close off the Straits of Ganschapuchk [Gibraltar]. A large naval force remains there to ensure that no Mi’kmaq ships may pass into the Wapaneu Sea [Mediterranean Sea], while another force is dispatched to dispose of the remaining Mi’kmaq ships still trapped in the region. The Mi’kmaq are ordered to immediately surrender and withdraw west of Sinai, while in Egypt the independence movement is supported. The island of Cyprus is assaulted by ships afterward, with the intent of capturing the island. The Armenians are asked to aid, as they have claim to the island as well.
  • Tarascan Empire: The expansion of the Great Square at Tzintzuntzan is finished, now comprising of most of the main hill overlooking the city. A grand staircase is built to the Great Platform, which is the First Square as well as the original one. Beyond that is the Second Square, which is smaller and is surrounded by the Palace of the Cazonci. Many neighborhoods in Tzintzuntzan have collapsed buildings which date to the times of Purepecha poverty, so a project is started to rebuild some of these buildings and to make them greater than they were before. A new writing system is developed, as the old system of syllabic glyphs is inconvenient. All vowels are variations of half circles, and consonants are composed of three components: The dot, the circle, and line. These components are arranged together depending on the consonant's position in the mouth. They are grouped together in Syllable blocks vertically and the Syllable blocks are organized right to left. This new alphabet is widely used the lower and middle classes, but the upper classes still use the old script as it is a sign of knowledge.
    • Apatzaru (Tarascan Continental Asia): A major road network is built, connecting Japundomikua (Xiamen) with Chaozhou and Quanzhou. Japundapukutapu (Hong Kong) and Shanwei are also connected by a road. Forts are built throughout the territory to protect the settlements from Baiyue attacks. Yue is made an official language of the territory, and an alphabet is developed for the language based off of the new featural one. Gridded streets are introduced to the cities of Chaozhou, and Quanzhou. An expedition consisting of three ships is sent north to discover new nations (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). We send our ambassadors and 50 soldiers to the Wu State wishing for a diplomatic interview (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE).
    • Pukutapuomikua (Tarascan Maritime Asia): In order to finally secure the region, a force of 1,350 is sent to secure the western coast of Luzon south of the Maynilan border. This campaign was initiated because most of our population in Pukutapuomikua is near that area. We shall not venture far into the jungle as we could easily get ambushed. Two warships are sent to assist the troops.
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Matntimg, not desiring war with the Lenape, decides to let Lenape keep the Levant and the Sinai Peninsula. He wishes to keep Egypt (minus Sinai and the Levant), Kush, and Cyprus, however. (LENAPE RESPONSE NEEDED) However, in case the Lenape refuse, he asks of Tenakomakah, Beothuk, the Aztecs, the Guarani, and of Small Cilicia to aid him. (POWHATAN, BEOTHUK, AZTEC, GUARANI, AND SMALL CILICIA RESPONSE NEEDED) He asks of the Blemmyes and the Libyan tribes to ally with him against Lenape in case of attacks, and asks them to help if Lenape attacks Mi'kmaq Egypt again. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, in Cyprus, maritime forts are constructed to guard the island from possible Lenape attacks, the most prominent one being in New Kespek. Meanwhile, on the Mi'kmaq mainland, the Powhatan cultural golden age spreads to Mi'kma'ki through trade as new ideas and artistic developments spread to the Mi'kmaq. Meanwhile, a new banking system is created in Mi'kma'ki, based on the Bank of Sicoke. King Matntimg claims to the Egyptians to be the son of the Egyptian god Amun-Ra in an attempt to increase his legitamacy among them. He argues that thus, they should not slay their own divine king. King Matntimg attempts to quell the Egyptian rebellion by sending troops to fight the rebels. He attacks with a force of 3,250 troops to quell the Egyptian rebellion. These 3,250 troops consist of 1,625 infantrymen, 825 artillery troops, 600 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGO NEEDED)
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Taking note of the volatile situation in the Mediterranean and the growing power of Lenapehoking, Ayiti offers to forge an alliance with Mi'kma'ki.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Hearing news of two eastern seas from Lenape and Mi'kmaq travelers, and of another continent lying across the Western Ocean, discovered by the Tarascans, there is a heightened interest in exploration beyond Macanike. Several exploratory voyages manage to round the Cape of Storms using a safer route, imitating the previous successes of Bairaco Ris and his contemporaries. These explorers, in addition to confirming previous discoveries in Mozambique, also chart Madagascar and the remainder of Cacimare's east coast up to the Horn of Africa. Nibiri Sum explores the coast of Arabia, Persia, and India, becoming the first Taino to visit these waters.
  • Nitasima (Innu): To unite all of the Cree under one nation, action must be taken. Tapuemakan II raises an army of 16 Mashieus (20,480 men) to unite the western Cree nations once and for all and integrate the ethnically similar Moose Cree into Nitasina. A preemptive strike is taken against the Algonquin nation as well, as they have been close allies with the Moose Cree and would have probably joined the war as well (War Algorthim Requested). Wolastoqiyk is not declared war on, but to ensure that any Wolastoqiyk incursion does not come, the navy has heavy presence in the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River] to prevent any troops from crossing the river into Innu territory. The increase in naval activity also helps to decrease the chances that the Iroquois and their puppet states attempt to take advantage of the war. Shakuship [Île d'Orléans] continues to act as the main naval base for defending the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River], raiding Algonquin ships along the coast and asserting dominance over the river to discourage a Wolastoqiyk/Iroquois invasion.
    • ITAU (Innu Trading/Colonial Company): Additional terms added by the Aztecs are agreed on, with reparations for the small war paid (I am assuming not much, as it was a small war), and the latest known position of Hugh being given. However, Hugh's personal residence is still unknown to the Innu, and the Aztecs are warned that Hugh has probably moved since his last known position. In 1625, Diriangen II "the Mad" is brung to the main ITAU court in Nauashu Shakuship, where he sees the Shukapeu, the leader of ITAU, and is told of Diriangen II "the Mad"'s crimes. He is hanged, drawn, and quartered for his actions against the children of his former realm. Seeing that Tapatanishekau [Wales] has been secured, troops are redistributed to help repel the attack in Kuntshassi [Cornwall]. In total, four Mashieus (5,120 men total) are sent to guard/attack Kuntshassi and attempt to retake as much land as possible (War Algorithm Requested). Meanwhile, 1,280 mercenaries are hired in Kent to assist the Mashieu still there (2560 men total), and using local knowledge of the land, are told to help gather resources for another attack once the soldiers are replenished (War Algorithm Requested). Another 1,280 mercinaries from Numanti (Normandy) are hired, and instructed to invade the Tenakomakah colony bordering the Belgae (War Algorithm Requested). The thirteen ships lost are replenished with five new ships, although one Mitshetu (8 ships in one Mitshetu) is totally lost. The remaining three Mitshetu (24 ships) are to relieve the troops in Kuntshassi [Cornwall] and Kauapat Ashtamishet [Kent] (Naval Algorithm Requested). Farms continue to grow in Numanti [Normandy], and the daughter of the Numan [Norman] chief is married to the administrator of Numanti [Normandy], followed by a similar marriage in Kuntshassi [Cornwall], beginning the peaceful consolidation of power through marriage in the colonies. However, in areas already fully controlled by ITAU by war (places with no native representation, such as Mikuau Ashtamishet [Pembrokeshire], Sath [Sarthe], and Shīn [Île-de-France]), no high level marriages with the locals are made other than by choice by the administrator. Nitasina itself still retains nominal ownership over ITAU controlled areas, but is run mostly by ITAU under the Innu government's supervision.
  • Guarani Empire: The Great Mburuvicha Aranduvicha would pass away in 1620 and be succeeded by Aratirigua, aged 31. As trade flow with the eastern colonies continues to rise and the threat of piracy emerges the Guarani would adopt a policy implemented by the Lenape, creating treasure fleets to safely transport the large quantities of precious metals from the colonies in East Africa. The size and activity of the navy would also be increased in general and permanent fleets would be established in colonial capitals. With the sucessful conquest of the Erythraean Sea city states by 1620 the Guarani colonists would gain control of the profitable trade routes and acess to many ancient secrets and knowledge about the region, most importantly finding out about the existence of the so called People of the Indus and their extremely rich spice markets. In 1623 an expedition would be outfited to explore this new mysterious land composed of 14 ships and 500 soldiers, the expedition would set sail from Ypahtã to Opone and then use the Monsoon winds to quickly travel eastward arriving in the port of Calicut. Upon arrival the imperial captain would request to meet the city´s ruler and present friendly relations, announcing their good intentions and negotiating a commercial agreement. The merchants would be amazed by the local markets filled with Indian spices totally unknown to the Americas and would purchase large quantities. The fleet would return with a cargo worth hundreads of times the cost of the voyage. The discovery of the Indian Subcontinent would mark a crucial point in Guarani history as the Indian spices, completely alien to the americans, would soon prove themselves the most profitable trade good from the new world, worth even more then gold. Another journey in 1624 would again land in Calicut this time with the establishment of a trade quarter in the city and then explore the Kerala region, visting Kochi, Kannur and Kollam and entering direct contact with the Kingdoms of Chera and Pandyas. Subsquent expeditions would be held yearly from 1625 to 1630 and explore the vast land, establishing contact with the Kingdoms of Ujjain, Sindhu, Sauvira, Multan, Chola and Anuradhapura. Smallpox would be introduced to the Indians by 1625 after much contact, ravaging the local cities and states. Tensions between the old African and Arab traders who were very present in the commercial hubs of India and the Guarani merchants would explode during the chaos of the plague, with the former blaming the latter of causing the disease as had happened in their homeland, with this the Guarani quarter in Calicut would be stormed by mobs in 1626 and a massacre would ensue. Following the Incident, the imperial expedition of the same year, composed of 18 Ships and 1,000 Soldiers, would bombard and assault the city [ALGO NEEDED]. The Guarani Empire would accept the request of the Mi'kma'ki, sending 1,000 men to Egypt who would only act defensively in 1628. In the same year the Imperial government would implement a system of naval trade licenses (analogous to the Portuguese Cartaz) to guarantee efficient control and taxing of the colonial commerce.

1630-1635

The Miskito invasion of the Costa Rica region results in a success, with the region being captured. The Miskito suffer 3,180 casualties, while the defenders suffer 5,790 casualties. On Fernando Po the Miskito encounter the well established Ayitian colony, resulting in many Miskito settlers being killed or assimilating into the Ayitian town.

The Duke of Accitania accepts the offer from the Aztec Empire, allowing the Aztec Empire to build a trading port near Narbonne.

The Innu attack on Cornwall is successful, with the Innu retaking the land up to the pre-war borders. The Innu suffer 640 casualties, while the Powhatan suffer 980 casualties. In Kent the Innu are successful, with the Innu suffering 450 casualties, and the Powhatan suffering 850 casualties. The Innu attack on the Lowlands Colony is repulsed with the help of the Belgae, with the Innu suffering 580 casualties, the Powhatan suffering 130 casualties, and the Belgae suffering 190 casualties.

The Tarascan expedition to the Wu State leads to the Chinese agreeing to meet with the Tarascans. The western coast of Luzon, south of the Maynilan border, is successfully conquered by the Tarascans, with the Tarascans suffering 340 casualties.

The Lenape accept the peace offer from the Mi’kmaq, annexing the Levant and Sinai Peninsula. In Egypt the Mi’kmaq are successful in putting down the Egyptian rebellion, with the Mi’kmaq suffering 1,000 casualties, and the Egyptians suffering 5,980 casualties.

The Innu invasion of the Moose Cree leads to them calling their allies to aid against the invasion. Despite this, the Innu are successful in their invasion, with the Innu suffering 3,570 casualties, and the Cree suffering 6,030 casualties.

The city of Antananarivo is established by the King of Imerina, who manages to unite a large portion of the island of Madagascar. He also makes contact with the Guarani Empire, offering to establish a trade agreement.

In a counterattack in Kent, the Powhatan successfully retake the region, with the Powhatan suffering 390 casualties, and the Innu suffering 780 casualties. In Cornwall the Powhatan once more push back the Innu to the tip of the peninsula, with the Powhatan suffering 450 casualties, and the Innu suffering 670 casualites.

The Guarani attack on Calicut is successful, with the city being retaken. The Guarani suffer 250 casualties, while the native Indians suffer 15,430 casualties.


  • Powhatan: The military remains on high alert across the New Powhatan Trading Company. The military stationed in Kent and Cornwall fortify their positons and utilze anti-naval defenses to prevent any further incursion from the Innu, while being protected by the navy. These anti-naval defenses come in the form of coastal towers and forts, with cannons directed to the harbor. The military thereby moves in to occupy all the Innu settlements of Cornwall, and keep them stationed there. The troops also remain in Ireland, allied with the High King and help the Irish establish permenant settlements of cities and towns, and how to grow their own corn and potatoes. As the British population begins to deteriorate, more Powhatan settlers move in to replace the population in their denser urban centers. The Belgea Kingdom is asked, in support of the NPTC, to move into France and aid the Aztecs in their struggle for control over the region there. Unforutantely, these recent expenses in the war put a significant toll in the finances of the NPTC, and they begin to go into a debt crisis around this era. A new expedition is sent into Wales, to seize control over the remaining Innu settlement there. These combine invading force up from Cornwall, along with Auxilerary Saxon army invading overland from the Severn River, and new regular troops invading over seas. We ask Ayiti for assistance in the Welsh expedition.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: An Ayitian contingent of 3,500 supports the Powhatan expedition, along with nine ships commanded by Admiral Arike.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: After the incident on Etula, relations are strained with the Miskito Kingdom. The Macanike Trading Company retaliates by attacking the Miskitan colony in Gabon (an area nominally claimed by the MTC governor in nearby Guatuguey). In order to end reliance on imports from the Miskito Coast and North America, the MTC begins exporting lumber directly to the shipyards of Ayiti from its trading posts in Cacimare. They also build a fort on Etula. Further exploration of the eastern ocean leads to the discovery of direct sea routes to Egypt and Mesopotamia via the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. Supply bases are established in the Comoros, Reunion, and Socotra for prolonged voyages to the east. The wealth of India is fully realized when explorers discover many great cityports along the coast, and the valuable spices that lie within. They also make contact with the Guarani who have recently become an organized presence in the region. Attempts at diplomacy with the Indian states, however, end in failure, leading to the expulsion of Ayitian merchants from southern India. Nibiri Sum returns to India in force with a fleet of 13 ships and 1,200 troops, backing up his words with weaponry. Avoiding the southern part of the subcontinent, he sails to the city of Diu in Gujarat, one of the principal seaports in the Arab-Indian spice trade. After exchanging commodities with the city's merchants, Nibiri presents a trade proposal to the ruler of Diu, which would allow Ayitian merchants unfettered access to the port of Diu. The agreement would be most beneficial to Diu, as it would bring them exotic goods from the west and triple the size of their trade networks via cooperation with Ayitian merchants (MOD RESPONSE). Meanwhile, in the Caribbean, the Ayitians begin exerting a degree of influence over eastern Cubao, Boriken, and Xaymaca. King Manicato of Ayiti opens marriage ties with foreign nobility in these places, both to expand his own domains and to re-involve Ayiti in Caribbean affairs for the sake of regional stability. Furthermore, he authorizes a series of wars in concert with the Council of the Crowns. The first of these involves the annexation of the sparsely-inhabited Cayahico Islands (Turks and Caicos) by the Cacicazgo of Maguá, one of the six crowns of Ayiti.
  • U-Tsang: After dominating the entirety of the Tibetan Plateau the state now expands only marginally, mainly into Bhutan, focusing internally on consolodating power, innovation, and infrastructural development. The country will from now on be referred to simply as Tibet.
  • Miskito: The Hatru abandons Fernando Po and rather sends 500 people to explore OTL New Caledonia. the Hatru likes the Island and sends 500 people to try to settle it [Mod Response Needed]. He also grants an elector to OTL Costa Rica. An Honorary Electorship is granted to the King of Ayiti as an Apology to the Nation [Ayitian Response needed]. The Hatru won't abandon the colony.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Ayiti repairs relations with Miskito, and the MTC ceases attacks on the Miskitan colony. King Manicato accepts the title granted to him. He also offers a comprehensive trade agreement with Miskito to reduce friction and competition between Ayitian and Miskitan merchants, enabling them to work together. Although this would give the MTC some influence over Miskitan trade in Africa, it would also give Miskitan merchants preferential status in Ayitian ports.
    • Miskitan Dip: The Hatru returns the favor by giving Ayitian Traders preferential treatment.
  • Aztec Empire: Despite the news of a large continent to the west, Cuitlahuac I. has little interest in this far off land. One smaller envoy is sent westward, reporting of large vulcanic islands to the nortwest. They seem to be inhabited by largely friendly tribes. Maps of the island chains are produced, these, however, are not quite precise. With Occitania under Aztec influence, trade with Mediterranean nations becomes more present. Especially Anatolia and the Latins are the first to establish real relations, along with the Mi'kmaq colonies in the eastern Mediterranean. Vice-emperor Chicahua has studied the european cultures in recent years, knowing how they forge alliances and connect realms via marriage, he proposes that the princess of Occitania may marry his grandson (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). This marriage would bring the Occitan duke into the nobility of the most civilized and wealthy nation in the world, while being relatively autonomous. In the region, the Aztecs make contact with a larger community of christians. Their holy book is even translated into their native Occutan language via the Aztec script. This sparks the first interest for the native culture from a scientific view, as now their complete language is essentially written down. A scholar named Itzcoatl Xocoyotzin, who had contact with Latin speakers points out the similarities of these languages. He theorizes that Latin is related to Occitanian and French. According to him, the root lies in a migration period with an unknown cause in Italy from where many migrated west. This explains the isolation of Vasconians and Bretons, as their culture and languages are radically different. On the harbour of Narbona, another port is constructed along with a smaller garrison, to protect the port. Roads are improved everywhere, while central Francia is heavier settled now, to secure the region. The hunt for Hugh and his family is on another high. Outlaws, mercenaries and government officials are promised pounds of gold if they manage to find the real Hugh or his family members. (RESPONSE ON SUCCESS, PLEASE). A political change takes place in the Amazix colony, when the former governor dies and is replaced by his son. The governor seeks to expand the colony by allying with the local tribes through trade and marriage. In the colony, the production of hash, a drug of the locals, becomes popular among Aztec sailors stopping by, which causes the ban on this drug in many Aztec ports. However, the plant has a useful side effect, as fibers and other materials can be produced easily from it. Hemp rope becomes widely spread on wharfs all over the empire,  due to its easy accessibility, low cost and durability. The effective food production and a better sanitation in a large scale causes a lower infant mortality. Ships and military weaponry are permanently improved, guns become more precise and cannons are stronger and larger than ever before. The heliocentric view of the universe is adapted by most natural scientists. More contact with the Frisians is made, though they are more suspicious than others. They are contacted at an island chain, their capital is a settlement called „Näi Rungholt“ (New Rungholt), named after a former settlement of them, destroyed by a storm brought by the angered gods. They are asked to establish trade relations with the Aztecs (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). Baroque fashion, music, art and architecture is en vogue, just like in most other parts of north America.
  • Beothuk: Queen Hea´ther IV passes away in her sleep at the age of 101 years. She is succeeded By her daughter Hea´ther V. She orders that a massive flagship equoiped with cannons be constructed and begins a reformation of the army. In 1633, the queen gives birth to a daughter who is named Kira which suprises the entire population as they thought Hea´ther was the tradional name for all female monarchs. The new queen takes a keen interest in astronomy which encourages the population to do so as well. Many important instutions are established during the queen's first years in power - such as the Royal postal service and the Beothukian newspaper which is sponsored by the queen herself.
  • Mi'kma'ki: While peace with Lenape and the Mi'kmaq holdings in Egypt, Kush, and Cyprus have been secured for the time being, King Matntimg takes no chances, as war could break out once again. As such, he proposes the creation of a coalition called the Gasg'ptnnaqan Maqamigew Ugjipen-Gta'n, or GMUG for short, meaning "Alliance of the Eastern (Atlantic) Ocean" (literal: Hundred Lands [of the] Eastern Ocean). He invites Nitasina, Ayiti, the Arawak, Mayapan, the Aztecs, the Miskito, the Guarani, and Small Cilicia into the GMUG. (NITASINA, AYITI, ARAWAK, MAYAN, AZTEC, MISKITO, GUARANI, AND SMALL CILICIA RESPONSE NEEDED) He also offers an alliance with Cilicia, offering them protection and selling them weapons to use against neighboring nations and against the Lenape and Meccans. He points out their common desire for protection against the Lenape and the Meccans. (CILICIA RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, defenses are built up against any future Lenape incursions. A line of defenses is built along the Mi'kmaq-Lenape border in the Middle East, and a fort is built in Pharos, a major port in Mi'kmaq Egypt. Meanwhile, the city of Memphis is renovated, with wider streets, boulevards with elaborate gardens, and newer-style buildings. The Kemetic religion is respected in Egypt, and the Egyptian (OTL Coptic) language is turned into the official language of the colonies in Egypt and the surrounding colonies of the Middle East and North Africa. The colony of New Listuguj (same as the city name) expands along the Oueme River, expanding into the OTL departments of Littoral, Oueme, parts of OTL Zou (division of Ouinhi), and southern Plateau (divisions of Ifagni and Sakete). In the town of New Listuguj, a granary, temple, and housing are built. Fisheries are built in New Listuguj. In the city of M'jipuktuk, the fort is expanded and the walls are fortified to guard against a potential naval invasion. An exploration along the east African coast is conducted, and another through the Bosporus and along the coastline of the Black Sea. Tales of a land rich with gold, incense, and spices (among many other things) (OTL Somalia) intrigue King Matntimg. In Cyprus, the crops of barley, grapes, and olives are discovered and subsequently farmed. All three crops become important exports for Mi'kma'ki. Due to trade with the Mayans, the drink xocolatl (transliterated as "sokola'tl" in Mi'kmaq) becomes popular among the Mi'kmaq royalty. King Matnmig accepts the alliance from Ayiti. (AYITI RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: The Ayitian diplomat concludes alliance negotiations, leaving both parties satisfied with the outcome.
  • Salish Kingdom: King Suiattle inspects the fortifications in the north, and decides to improve them. A settlement at OTL Tokyo is established, called, "Xocetenew"
  • Tarascan Empire:
    • Apatzaru (Tarascan Continental Asia): We meet the Wu emissaries at the city of Yuhang (Hangzhou) at the border of the Âu Việt kingdom. We request trade relations which will provide them with exotic goods from the east, as well as a trading post on OTL Huangwanzhen. (Mod Response Please). During the interview both parties acquired information from each other, which has lead to us finding out about the State of Chu. Some of the mountains more inland are secured to grow rice. This frees up more space near the coast, which can be used for Purepecha settlement. This is especially important as 80-90% of the population is still Yue.
    • Pukutapuomikua (Tarascan Maritime Asia): A road system is built throughout southern Luzon, and slash and burn agriculture is used to clear up space for farming.
  • Xacapáy: In 1578 King Irataba IV of the Delta died unexpectedly at a young age, leaving his son to become Kaviu V. Only eight years old at the time of his father’s death, Kaviu’s great uncle Avihavasuts became regent of the nation. As the young king grew older, the regent claimed the king was proving unfit to rule, due to mental disability, and Kaviu was slowly phased out of government. One leader who emerged would be Espanesay, who was the son-in-law of Pahinawa of Humwichawa, who formed a careful alliance with the old guard of Shuhthagi Ki:him. This faction would come to support Stotahiosigam, the daughter of the late king Ohatchecama, as a possible new monarch. Alternatively, the noble Cooswootna of Saahatpa was also proposed as an alternative, as he was the nephew of Avihavasuts via the ʔívil̃uqaletem nobility. A rebellion broke out in 1582, after the king attempted to purge the nobles of the capital who were collaborating with Stotahiosigam. The queen pretender fled the city east to Patayan, under the guidance of Espanesay. At the Battle of Gel 'Oidag, Avihavasuts successfully recaptured the northeast corner of the nation, sending Espanesay into retreat. While in Patayan, Stotahiosigam would negotiate a royal marriage with one of the princes of the confederacy, Gakoḑk, in exchange for military aid back to the nation. Unbeknownst of this brewing alliance, Avihavasuts marched northwest to capture Cooswootna. Despite possessing little in the way of Deltan soldiers, other than a small number who had settled the region after the region’s conquest, Cooswootna managed to rally a large number of natives from ʔívil̃uqaletem, as well as contract a large number of desert mercenaries of Ngáchishtemal. At the Battle of Wíhahyut, Avihavasuts managed to initially defeat Cooswootna in battle, however, Cooswootna captured the Kaviu, who had been left to sit idly in camp during the battle. Having not yet stated his claim to the throne, Cooswootna proclaimed that Kaviu had relayed to him that Avihavasuts was a traitor, and called upon the nation to turn against the attempted usurper. Soon after Stotahiosigam crossed into the nation at the head of a Patayan army. After both of these developments, Avihavasuts fled south into the southern peninsula, hoping to regain his strength among the tributary states of the nation. Still claiming to be king, Avihavasuts proclaimed that he would allow the nations of the region fully independence, in exchange for support in ousting the other claimants. In 1583 Stotahiosigam marched on the capital city, leading to a battle against Cooswootna, in which she ultimately retreated from. Also that year, the Degwanate of Jookympin caught wind of the instability in the south, and sought to exploit the situation. Tiovanduah would successfully capture the area around Pal Heluwut, which had partially been Cooswootna’s powerbase before taking the capital. Stotahiosigam escaped into Jookympin lands, as Tiovanduah also attacked her benefactor, Patayan. The 1584 Battle of Ki'i'musill saw Stotahiosigam return to the nation, successfully defeating the Shoshone east of Tongva, and supposedly saving the west of the nation from total collapse. This action earned her the support of much of the northwest, as the king and his regent remained in the south, depicted as craven. While she traveled west to Tongva to form alliances, Stotahiosigam left a Patayan general named Ban'ikuade in command of her forces, with him winning another battle soon after near Pal Heluwut. Tiovanduah became preoccupied in the east, ravaging the Patayan region. This left their army in the west without any support, and contributed to the complete collapse of the nation. By the end of the year he had captured Huwaalyapay Nyava (Kingman) and the Grand Canyon, followed by Havasu early the following year. The leader of the confederacy, Delshay IV, was killed that spring, leading to further disunity. The south of the nation proclaimed Anasa VII as king, but by this time the Patayan Confederacy had largely broken up. Cooswootna would order an invasion into the south of Patayan as well, capturing what remained of the nation. Anasa VII remained a thorn in the side of both the Delta and the Shoshone, maintaining a successful resistance to both nations for several years. He would work closely with Espanesay, who had organized militias across the border region in Jookympin. The Delta effectively lost control over the northwest of the nation, which supported Stotahiosigam, the north, which was occupied by the Shoshone, and the southwest, which supported Avihavasuts, which continued to divide Cooswootna’s efforts. Operating as the supposed Queen of the Delta in the northwest, Stotahiosigam formed alliances with Tongva, Chumash, and Yokuts, hoping to organize a resistance against the Shoshone. This coalition proved highly successful, with the Yokuts retaking Baana’an'hiy'in late 1584, which threatened the capital of Jookympin. While making his way back west to defend the region. Tiovanduah suddenly fell ill and died, ending the nation’s ambitions. The Yokuts would advance as far as the city of Tehachapi, gaining control of the territory up to the surrounding mountains, while in the north the two duchies of Tümpisa and Thə̀łołíne became independent. The latter managed to retain control over the occupied territories in Patayan, due to the duchy’s close relationship with the late king. The lands in the south faced rebellion from the native, non-Shoshone population, which saw the establishment of several short-lived nations, including the Hub Commune, which operated under a republican form of government. In Tongva a leader known as Azucsagna ascended to the throne, declaring Tongva to once more be independent from any overlord. He would successfully wage war against the weakened Shoshone and Deltan factions, and by 1585 had seized the west coast of the Kingdom of the Delta completely. Stotahiosigam would go on to marry one of the last Shoshone claimants to Jookympin after the death of her first husband, and would unite the last remnants of the nation. The Degwanate of Jookympin formally ceased to exist, after the last self-proclaimed Degwan, Cameahwait of Atcamséʼish, was killed in battle against Stotahiosigam. The queen would declare herself ruler of all Ngáchishtemal, conquering The Hub as a capital in 1586. After years of fighting, the Treaty of Pal Heluwut would finally be reached, which saw Stotahiosigam, Avihavasuts, and Kaviu/Cooswootna formally make peace. Avihavasuts would die of natural causes later that year, with his son, Navijhu, declaring the Kingdom of Xwattssa in the northern peninsula. The states of the region would remain in fierce competition for years to come. Inheriting the naval prowess of the Delta, each nation developed its own navy, which competed for trade dominance in the southwest, but also across the western sea. The Deltans continued to trade for spices in the far west, traveling around the equator primarily. In the 1620s the Deltans would reach a major chain of islands, after exploring in the open sea far to the north of Polynesia. The explorers would make contact with the native kingdoms of Hawaii, spending a month in the area trading and exchanging knowledge, before the lead of the expedition was killed during a sudden attack by a rival native chief.
  • Nitasina (Innu): The invasion of the Moose Cree and Algonquin nations continue, with plans to absorb them into Nitasina to make the eastern Cree united. The 16 Mashieus [20,480 men total] continue into Algonquin and Moose Cree territory (War Algorithm Requested), with orders to attempt as little damage to civilian property as possible, only targeting the military, as these civilians are soon to be our own people. Moose Cree and Algonquin mutineers are accepted into Innu society, and all the rest of the Moose Cree/Algonquin soldiers are seen as traitors. The Mi'kmaq invitation to GMUG is accepted, although it is nicknamed the Amishk Uitapeua [Beaver Alliance] due to "GMUG" sounding something like "Kumeu" in Innu Aimun, meaning "the beaver fells [the tree] with its teeth". Increased naval presence continues in the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River] to discourage an Iroquois/Wolastoqiyk intervention. A marriage of Tshikass I to the heir of the patriarchal society of the Mississaugas is offered. This would result in the same royal family shared between the two nations, but not a personal union, as the first born female would become the leader of the Mississaugas, and the first born male would become the leader of the Innu. The best diplomat available, Shakuieu, coming from a long line of Envoys from the throne, is sent to avoid another repeat of the disaster in Greenland (Mod Response Requested).
    • ITAU (Innu Colonial Company): Two Mashieu of mercenaries (2,560 mercenaries) are hired to defend Wales from the Tenakomakah, and the four Mashieu (5,120 men) continue to defend, and if possible attack, the Tenakomakah (War Algorithm Requested). The Mashieu assigned in Kent, along with another Numan [Norman] one, are sent to defend against a possible Belgae attack (2,560 men), and if the Belgae do decide to attack, another two Mashieu (an additional 2,560 men) of mercenaries are hired to defend. However, the Belgae are asked not to attack, as ITAU has aided them against the Tenakomakah, and gives Belgae an opportunity to attack the Tenakomakah settlement on the continent (Mod Response or War Algorithm Requested). 16 ships are sent to attempt to stop the Ayitian expedition before they reach Wales (Naval Algorithm Requested). The consolidation of power through marriages continued in Numanti [Normandy].
  • Cree Empire: General Pascus falls under the influence of medicine-man Cacewistahau, who promotes a heterodox interpretation of the scriptures (influenced by the Ghost Dance movement); stressing the importance of the three virtues of kindness, generosity, and diligence in uplifting communal well-being, the process of sanctification, and the cultivation of a personal relationship with the Great Spirit. However, Cacewistahau dies – purportedly under the whim of General Minahicosis, whom Cacewistahau had insulted for his exploitation of Wasepeschan's favoritism over him. This deeply moves Pascus, who for months following his death – which was reminiscent of his uncle's and aunt's deaths in which both died in opposition to Wasepeschan – plots the overthrow of his step-mother and the restoration of democracy. Anticipating her death (having attained the ripe age of sixty-six years), Empress Wasepeschan moves the Imperial Court from the Three Cities to the port of Escopeiac. In there, she hosts grand banquets and celebrations (though abstaining from sugar – to maintain her own youth) to entertain the aristocracy and for her own entertainment, as well as exploiting the local abundance of medicinal herbs to bolster her ailing condition. However, she also further develops the harbor and commissions numerous architects in both expanding and improving the city; thus further increasing the volume of trade with Mesoamerica and facilitating population growth. She also uses this as an opportunity to enact upon her interest in the "exotic" south – importing Aztec-made beadwork and featherwork, and Californian goldware; goods to which ascribes a certain quality of vivaciousness to, a contrast to the austereness of Cree-made bronzeware or silverware. She also establishes a quarter wholly-dedicated to foreign residents, especially merchants of Aztec origin, and finances the construction of a library storing Cree-translated copies of foreign cultural texts. However, the Grand Council and the Board of Judges remain in the Three Cities – albeit substantially weakened, due to the absolutist reforms of Wasepeschan. Despite having centralized the state's government and military, and facilitating economic development through support for urban workshops, rural plantation estates, and foreign commerce; popular support for her remains low, due to her tyranny and her destruction of Cree democratic tradition. Exploiting her sudden absence from the Three Cities, General Pascus marches to the Three Cities with a single cohort – however, his strategy is to instead rouse dissent among the local population, rather than besieging it. General Pascus appeals to the people through the promise of restoring democracy and increasing rationing, as well as appealing to religious ideals. Strong support for the military remains though, forcing him to flee amidst the brutal suppression of urban riots. The failure to seize control of the Three Cities forces him to establish his capital at Wapiseu, appropriating a church there as his main government office while also hastily establishing wooden palisades as rudimentary fortifications. Despite this, he readily receives the support of the plurality of the Grand Council – with forces loyal to him fleeing to Wapiseu. Upon news of this, the Empress abolishes the Grand Council and absorbs the remaining members into the Imperial Court. She also dispatches her lover, General Minahicosis to Wapiseu, with the full control of Banners I and II (a total of 5,000 troops), augmented by additional auxiliaries. As he approaches Wapiseu, Pascus sends scouts to monitor their movement. With his defenses being rather minimal and prone to damage from incendiary projectiles, he decides to engage with them via a surprise attack – with their numerical inferiority prompting the usage of heterodox tactics; principally, the utilization of shock and the conservation of projectiles. As General Minahicosis and his forces march to Wapiseu, they are out-flanked by Pascus' forces (who number at just three cohorts), forcing the former to hastily-group themselves. However, this disorganization induces an enemy rout while Pascus' salvos result in the massacre of thousands of Minahicosis' troops. General Minahicosis is in-turn wounded, having suffered a shot at his groin, leading to fears of future impotency and the inability to father a child; thus prompting him and one banner to flee to the Three Cities – whilst the other-half remain and are forced to surrender their artillery and supplies, representing both a tactical victory and strategic gain for Pascus. General Minahicosis' failure leads him to be mocked. He is eventually called to the Imperial Court, and upon seeing Wapeschan's refusal to replenish his forces, he publicly berates her – resulting in him being temporarily-exiled and stripped of his ranks; though his sentence is cut short due to the feeling of guilt on the part of the latter. With her advanced age and the lack of issue, the Empress declares Minahicosis as her Emperor and co-ruler – with any of his children or relatives being eligible as the heir, and him becoming the sole ruler upon her death. In return, Minahicosis pledges to fight for her and reaffirms his love for her – thus enabling him to acquire control over three banners (a total of ~15,000). Minahicosis engages with Pascus again in the city of Amiscuachiwascahican. Unbeknownst to him, the Empress sends a messenger to Pascus promising the entirety of the North to be placed under his control (with him being a "King") – although following his death, the lands will be reverted back to imperial control. Pascus initially accepts this, though he knows there is no assurance to Wasepeschan's word. Whilst the battle was initially successful in repelling Pascus, upon receiving news of this (being taunted by Pascus' own messengers), Minahicosis flees the battle and leaves control over the three banners to his subordinates; with the loss of his military genius, Pascus thus rolls over defenses and quickly inflicts a defeat on them – further augmenting the power of the insurgents. Whilst en route to Wapiseu, he realizes his faults (which he blames on his infatuation with Wasepeschan), and stays for a week in the Three Cities falsely-declaring the death of Wasepeschan and thus granting support from the local aristocracy to instate him as the full sole ruler of the Empire. In addition, he rouses public dissent against the Empress through the release of restricted information and the publicization of her prior affairs – thus affirming the rumors of her immodesty and immorality. He then brings himself forth to the Imperial Court and first denounces her behavior, stating "this foul wrench hath betrayed me". She then attempts to murder her himself, though he is restrained by other members of the Supreme Guard, though this abrupt attempt to assassinate her – especially by a person thought to be her confidante – immobilizes and shocks much of the High Chiefs present. To avoid the pain of death, he commits suicide by the sword – disemboweling himself at the front of the throne. Upon this sight, the Empress suffers from a cardiac arrest and is left bed-ridden for a period of three months. She uses this time to personally-grieve the death of her lover, with the General Minahicosis resulting in the sudden revival in the advances of the insurgency; with the Three Cities being successfully captured. General Pascus decides to take the title of the Supreme Chief and restores the Grand Council as a legitimate institution. He sends a messenger to the Wasepeschan, trying to persuade her to surrender. She refuses – stating "nothing worse than being led in chains through the streets of Rome, proclaimed a villain for the ages." Nevertheless, she is eventually captured with the final seizure of Escopeiac, though with Wasepeschan left grieving (and unable to effectively lead her own government) and due to mass defections, it is done without any bloodshed. She is taken custody, with all her properties seized and being either added to the National Treasury or given public control. However, he is not interested in acquiring her wealth, but rather, parading her at his triumph. In opposition to this prospect, she visits the mausoleum of the late General Minahicosis. In there, she proclaims her love for her deceased lover, and with tens of her personal slaves bound, she burns the monument – though she evades the pain by letting herself bit by the venomous bite of an asp. He exploits her absence and appropriates her own reforms; declaring himself the Supreme Chief and the Emperor of all Cree while maintaining the institution of absolutism. Feeling limited remorse and limited emotions, Pascus – now the sole contestant to the throne – orders a public but an austere military funeral.
  • Guarani Empire: Following the conquest of Calicut and foreseeing a counterattack by the native kingdom the city would be reinforced, with 1,400 men being garrisoned there, and heavily fortified with the existing defences being converted into a modern fortress. Meanwhile, the captured port would become a crucial outpost for imperial merchants, who expand their trade routes throughout the Subcontinent. Having already antagonized the Cheras beyond fast repair the Guarani would start to interact with other local states and realize great potential in the meddling of regional political affairs. Thus envoys would approach the Kingdoms of Pandya and Chola with great many gifts and establish solid trade relations, relations would be continuously built up and in 1634 an alliance would be proposed to both kings against their millenar enemy in Kerala in exchange of low tariffs and the creation of a trade factory/quarter and fort in Kollam and Nagapattinam [MOD RESPONSE REQUIRED]. Diplomats also would attempt to de-escalate the conflict with the King of Chera but their efforts would be to no avail and an Indian attack would inevitably arrive in 1632. The 1,400 combatants along with 32 cannons from the fort would be faced by a large force of some tens of thousands of locals. However outnumbered, the Guarani would vastly outpower the natives in technology and hold a very favourable defensive position. In retaliation, the imperial military would send 25 Ships with 2,200 Guarani soldiers and 3,500 Fighting slaves to seize the Kochi, Cranganore and the surrounding islands/coast and then Cannanore [ALGO REQUIRED]. The 1630s would see the introduction of sugarcane into the Empire through contact with India and Egypt, this alien plant would soon be found extremely useful, as sugar extraction had been previously limited to maple trees, and it´s price would rise significantly. the northern lands of the realm would soon be found to be perfect for the cultivation of the crop and large scale production would ensue. In Africa the Guarani would accept the trade agreement proposed by the recently created kingdom of Imerina and expand its influence in the island. In 1632 another missionary mission, this time of longer duration, would be sent to the Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe hoping to convert the locals to the true faith.

1635-1640

The Belgae are secretly hesitant to act against the French and aid the Aztec as the Powhatan have requested, as they consider the French to be their brethren. Instead they launch numerous raids into Innu Normandy, using guerrilla tactics to bait the Innu forces. At the Battle of Riverplace/Rouen, the Belgae are successful in defeating an Innu army, with the Innu suffering 320 casualties, and the Belgae suffering 270 casualties.

The nation of Gujarat accepts the offer from the nation of Ayiti, allowing Ayiti access to the port of Diu. Despite this, the nation looks on the foreigners with cautiousness, and seeks to buy access to their weaponry.

The nation of Bhutan sends diplomats to the nation of Tibet, requesting that they cease attempts to colonize or conquer their people. They express that they will fight back against the Tibetans if they do not oblige, but instead offer a trade agreement and an exchanging of gifts to avoid needless war.

The leader of Occitania agrees to wed his daughter to Vice-emperor Chicahua’s grandson. Although this placates the natives of Occitania, the most elite Aztec settlers find the marriage outlandish. Elsewhere, an Aztec general manages to capture who he believes is the French King Hugh with the aid of local Aztec hunters. However, when the general brings the suspect back to town, his native guides reveal themselves to be Hugh’s agents who led him to a decoy, and assassinate the general and many of his men, while destroying the town from the inside. Despite this success reinvigorating resistance exploits, Hugh’s disappearance from the public eye leads many to speculate that he died in hiding. A mythology quickly arises around him, with one belief being that the king will return from his slumber when the people need him most. The natives near Näi Rungholt agree to trade with the Aztecs.

The Salish colony in Japan finds itself isolated from the rest of the kingdom due to the vast distance between the sudden colony and the rest of the nation. The colony is destroyed with its inhabitants disappearing, and knowledge of the colony’s location and information becomes lost.

  • The Wu at the city of Yuhang (Hangzhou) agree to trade with the Tarascans, but reject the request to cede them a city, as they believe the Tarascans already possess enough Chinese land in the region.

The Innu successfully occupy the Algonquin region, but their growing expansion provokes several neighboring nations, such as the Iroquois and other Cree nations, to consider a coalition against the Innu. The front with the Moose Cree proves to be a minor victory, with the Innu suffering 3,450 casualties, and the Cree/Algonquin suffering 4,200 casualties. The Moose Cree attempt to make peace, in which they cede a small amount of land if needed, but are left otherwise intact. Elsewhere the Mississaugas reject the offer from the Innu, while Kalaallit Nunaat continues to aid the Powhatan.

The nation of Strathclyde, backed by the Kingdom of Nunavut, launches an invasion against Northumbria, hoping to expand their territory to the eastern coast. A Nunavut army also personally takes the Carlisle region.

The Cherokee launch a war against the Kingdom of Morocco, after a diplomatic insult in the Moroccan capital. The war results in the Cherokee forcing the Moroccans to become a protectorate of the nation.

In Wales the Innu successfully defend their colony at a high cost, after the Ayitian contingent experiences an outbreak of disease, and the Powhatan fail to seize the stronghold in southwest Wales. The Innu suffer 850 casualties, the Ayitians suffer 770 casualties, and the Powhatan suffer 430 casualties. Due to constant war in the region destroying settlements, and the high cost of raising mercenaries, the Innu colonial company effectively goes bankrupt, with most of its mercenary contracts becoming void.

Miskito player, you don’t need to say “Mod Response Needed” after you say you founded a colony. This has been previously announced several times, including in a direct ping to you on Discord.

Mi’kmaq (and Innu, to a lesser extent), please refrain from making modern style alliances. That is not how alliances tended to work during this time.

Both the Kingdoms of Pandya and Chola accept the offer from the Guarani Empire, agreeing to allow the Guarani access to the two requested cities. The Guarani attack against Chera is successful, with the Guarani suffering 850 casualties, the Guarani allies suffering 5,430 casualties, and the defenders suffering 15,430 casualties. The Guarani Empire's allies request that they receive the land seized from Chera.


  • Tibet: King Dolma II declares war on Shigatse in attempts to continue the unification of the plateau, with himself leading the armies. The army consists of around 10,000 men, mostly tribal warriors but also with a smaller number of more elite urban levies. The Tibetan army mostly consists of light tribal warriors, medium infantry (armed with some bronze), light chariots, and some experimental heavy yakalry (yes, I'm going to keep calling them that) armed with bronze. The King's main tactic is to try for a blitz of the city of Shigatse itself and starve it out until a surrender is achieved [MOD ALGO REQUESTED]. As Tibet is somewhat preoccupied with war expansion into Bhutan is ceased as requested and trade flows, with the King even sending one of his finest yaks as a gift and as a sort of apology for previous aggression. Internal developments continue, mainly in terms of military infrastructure to support the war effort. There is marginal expansion into OTL Arunachal Pradesh. 
  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: Baroque art and music continue to thrive. With the financial situation in the colonies, the New Powhatan Trading Company offers to sign a peace with Innu, retaining control over Cornwall and Ireland, but respecting their control over Wales. Shortly after signing this deal, the NPTC faces a near financial collapse, causing suffering of businesses across the New World. At home as well, the financial crisis caused defaults to occur in the Sicoke Bank, and increase unemployment across the Chesapeake Bay. The government quickly acted, downsizing the military overall, and nationalizing many assets of the NPTC settlements. A large loan is given to the Sicoke Bank to stimulate their business again. The Lowlands colony continues to expand along the Rhine River, not interfering with the actions of the Belgea Kingdom.
  • ITAU Diplomacy: The treaty is agreed to, so long as the tip of Cornwall still under Innu occupation is kept and Wales continues to be an Innu colony.
  • Miskito: The new Hatru is a decendant of Atl'ii who restore the monarchy with the title of Emperor Atl'ii III. The emperor makes the Electors an Honorary Title. The Emperor Claims OTL New Caledonia as New Atl'iisa, He also sets of the Miskitan Pacific Company and he sends 300 people at the OTL North New Zealand Island. as a part of New Atl'iisa and Claims the Island [If any Objection response]. A deal is proposed that Ayiti let Atl'iisa claim the OTL Saint Louis of Senegal in exchange for the Gabonese colony [Ayitian Response Needed]. They also join the Lenape Coalition.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Ayiti agrees, recognizing Miskitan claims to the Senegal River in exchange for the colony in Gabon.
  • Aztec Empire: Shortly after the marriage of Tlacaelel, the grandson of Chucahua, the vice emperor dies by the age of 79 after over 30 years of ruling. He is directly succeeded by his grandson, first informally, then approved by the Hueyi Tlatoani. Tlacaelel's father died when his son was still unborn. He views the decisions of his grandfather concerning the Innu as weak and not beneficial. One reason is the bad deal, where the Aztecs ceded territory to the Innu for support that proved to be absolutely useless. While he accepted that Hugh must be dead at this point, he orders support of the NCC mercenaries, as he is effectively the leader of the Nahua Colonial Conglomerate. He sees the opportunity that the Belgae gave him by attacking Normandy, so an attack with 3,000 Aztec and Nahua soldiers is launched into the region. The hopes are to get back the lost territory, as well as preventing foreign forces from gaining more power in France. The army is supported with 100 cannons, all of the men in the army are fighting with sword and rifle. They are intensively trained (over one-half year more than the average soldier), well organized with an experienced general leading them and both new and seasoned officers. The attack takes place in the summer 1638, when the Aztec and Occitanian forces along with native scouts cross the Sarthe River into Normandy. They fight their way to Alencon, which they siege out with permanent artillery fire and occasional raids (MOD RESPONSE ON THE SUCCESS, PLEASE). Around 200 men are used only for keeping the supply lines open. Another attack is launched one year later with about 1,000 men, who manage to capture slightly more land due to the constant raids by the Belgae. The assassination of an Aztec general isnt taken lightly either by Tlacaelel, rebellions in central france are now taken way more serious than before. This results in the Treaty of Tula, where the natives of the Occitan, Aquitanian and Breton speaking tribes are granted full citizen status, benefiting from the opportunities and wealth that the government brings with it, as being able to have a fair trial and the right on property. The French are excluded from this, until they officially put their arms to rest. The emperor dies in 1640, he is officially succeeded by his son, who hasn't reached adolescence yet. Mocuhteczoma III. as he is named, has the regency empress Xiloxoch I, his mother. She pushes for some minor reforms, embracing philosophy and encourage slow humanistic reforms. For example, the extremely brutal punishments for homosexuality are outlawed, being replaced by hard labour. Learning is encouraged and baroque art and music flourishes. Science is also on the rise in the newly emerging middle class, concepts like astrology and the natural sciences like chemistry and biology being discussed by many of those who have a formal education. The universities of tenochtitlan and Tlaxcalla are known all over the continent for their professors and huge libraries, as well as their freedom to study as they please. Trade with the Frisian Islands continues, with mostly salt bought from them. A scholar enters the island of Wangerooge and visits the Frisian capital of Näi Rungholt. He learns that the Frisians on the islands are referred to as "island Frisians", while there are kin in the east that are called "Northern Frisians" and the West and East Frisians (the latter are their closest relatives) on the southern mainland. HE draws various precise maps of the shores he lives at, and also writes down the language of the natives as detailed as possible.
  • Powhatan: Powhatan. We are the Powhatan, and this is the history of the Powhatan. Since the beginning we began as the Powhatan, and continued to prosper as them and do the business of the Powhatan. We were Powhatan once then, and we are Powhatan now. We speak clearly, and we dress finely. We conduct our Powhatan business with the utmost Powhtan eticut and articulation. The Powhatan leader continues to oversee the government of the Powhatan, with the Powhatan people living out their lives and doing as they are instructed. The people of Powhatan continue to prosper and conduct business as they always had for generations, from the times of the very first Powhatan leader, to the current time, in which the current Powhatan leader is in charge of the Powhatan. It has come to pass that many great things have happened, and society is often constantly change, but despite this the Powhatan continue to remain here, and they continue to prosper. Many plans are made for future Powhatan endeavours, which the Powhatan oversee and think upon.We continue to consolidate power over the island of Britain, expanding settlements in the northern areas just south of Kaalimat and along the northern coast of Wales. The Lowalnds colony expands northward, allowing allies of the Belgae to help crush the Dutch Confederacy at their capital of Hollanda. Outposts are constructed along the Frisian islands. At home, arts continue to thrive as baroque music is developed, and quickly becomes synonymous with the elite.
  • Beothuk: During a visit to the Royal temple in Beothuk,a lone assasin sneaks up and ambushes the queen and stabs her repedetly until he is subdued by the Royal Guard.Despite eing treated by the royal Doctors her life is unable to save and she passes away at the age of 68.With her younger daughter Kira being a minor it is still decided that she will ascend the throne aat the age of 12.She takes the name of Kira I.The assassination of queen Hea´ther V shocks the nation to the ground with protests demanding the execution of the assasin to take plce immidietly.After a three moth long investigation,it is found out that several high ranking members of the royal court was involved and an event known as the great purge begins.
  • Inywaxki (ᐃᓂᐤᓴᑭ) (Nitasina): Seeing the name Nitasina unfit for the growing country and the different names for the land, the nation is renamed to Inywaxki (/ɪn•ɪw•əx•ki/, spelled ᐃᓂᐤᓴᑭ), due to the similarities in the endonymns for the nation ("Innu" in Innu, "Iyiyiw" in East Cree, "Iriniw" in Atikamekw, "Iwinini" in Algonquin), and the word for land also being very similar ("Assi" in Innu, "Aschii" in East Cree, "Aski" in Atikamekw, "Axkyi" in Algonquin). The denonymn becomes Inyw, a slight variation on Innu to properly merge all the small differences into one word. Nitasina stays in use as a word, although it comes to mean the Labrador Peninsula rather than the nation itself. Peace is accepted with the Moose Cree under the terms that all occupied territories be ceded to the Inyw, with occupied territories from the Moose Cree being integrated into the nation, as well as the whole of the former Algonquin nation. The large Ojibwa speaking minority in the southern areas of Inywaxki are used as grounds for annexation of the Algonquin nation, including the Ojibwa language's closeness to Inyu-Aimun. ITAU is given a bailout loan, but is prohibited from raising mercenaries and is only allowed to raise troops for defensive purposes, such as in this instant to defend from the Aztecs. The Mi'kmaq are helped in the expeditions into Wolastoqiyk, sending ten Mashieus [12,800 troops] to aid the Mi'kmaq, and ships are sent to assert dominance in the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River], also working to discourage an Iroquois intervention. However, precautions are made, with an additional seven Mashieus [8,960 men] being raised IF the Iroquois do get involved. The troops in Wolastoqiyk are told to gain control of the northern coast of the Wolastoqiyk as soon as possible and then go help the Mi'kmaq (War Algorithm Requested
    • ITAU (Inyw Colonial Company): Peace is accepted with the Tenakomakah, but under the terms that Inyw controlled Kuntshaxki [Cornwall] (just the tip) stays part of the colonies. With ITAU going bankrupt, the Inuikaieu program is rebooted to help rebuild the economy of the area. To help regain money, the salt trade passing through the Ashtamishet Itatimiu [English Channel] conducted by the Aztecs, following their recent declaration of war, is pillaged for their salt and ships, which are sold to the colonies, where they are widely used due to the demand for salt for the preservation of food in the colonies. With Normandy growing as a large colony after the decline of Kuntshaxki [Cornwall], the colony is given the name of Pimatimiu (literally, "Where the channel passes through"). The consolidation of power in Pimatimiu [Normandy] ends in success when the son of the former chief of Pimatimiu [Normandy]'s daughter and the Administrator of the region, Maniteu, takes control of both the spot of colonial Administrator and chief of Pimatimiu [Normandy]. The seats of power are soon merged, and soon Maniteu becomes loved in the colonies, showing power on behalf of both the Inyw and native populations. He raises an army of four Mashieus total [5,120 men], using goods from decades of the Inuikaieu program to trade for service, as well as a loan from the government [See above] to guard Pimatimiu [Normandy] from the Aztecs and the Belgae. Two and one-half Mashieus [3,200 men] are sent to guard against the Aztecs, while one and one-half Mashieus [1,920 men] are sent to attack the Belgae (War Algorithm Requested). This time, the French rebel forces are asked to aid the Inyw, distracting Aztec troops and cutting supply lines (Mod Response Requested).
  • Mi'kma'ki: King Matntimg declares war on the nation of Wolastoqiyk, seeking to conquer the nation and to resolve a deep-seated rivalry present since the war between King Mu'in I of Mi'kma'ki and Queen Watahwaso of Wolastoqiyk. He sends an army of 12,000 troops to fight the Wolastoqiyk. These troops consist of 6,000 infantrymen, 3,200 artillery troops, 2,600 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGORITHM NEEDED) He asks of Inywaxki, Massachuset, Ayiti, and the Miskito to aid him in his war effort. (INYW, AYITI, AND MISKITO RESPONSES NEEDED)
  • Powhatan: Powhatan. We are the Powhatan, and this is the history of the Powhatan. Since the beginning we began as the Powhatan, and continued to prosper as them and do the business of the Powhatan. We were Powhatan once then, and we are Powhatan now. We speak clearly, and we dress finely. We conduct our Powhatan business with the utmost Powhtan eticut and articulation. The Powhatan leader continues to oversee the government of the Powhatan, with the Powhatan people living out their lives and doing as they are instructed. The people of Powhatan continue to prosper and conduct business as they always had for generations, from the times of the very first Powhatan leader, to the current time, in which the current Powhatan leader is in charge of the Powhatan. It has come to pass that many great things have happened, and society is often constantly change, but despite this the Powhatan continue to remain here, and they continue to prosper. Many plans are made for future Powhatan endeavours, which the Powhatan oversee and think upon.We continue to consolidate power over the island of Britain, expanding settlements in the northern areas just south of Kaalimat and along the northern coast of Wales. The Lowalnds colony expands northward, allowing allies of the Belgae to help crush the Dutch Confederacy at their capital of Hollanda. Outposts are constructed along the Frisian islands. At home, arts continue to thrive as baroque music is developed, and quickly becomes synonymous with the elite.

1640-1645

The Tibetan military campaigns end inconclusively, with no true battles ever taking place. (Tibet player, you need to provide information to do an algorithm when you request one.)

The Miskito colony in New Zealand is attacked by local Maori, who manage to raze the colony. Likewise, the New Caledonian colony finds itself contending with native raids. However, the colony manages to survive, although more than one-half its original population dies within the first few years of operation.

The telescope is invented in Cusco, proving the old theories of Heliocentrism.

In the wake of the Ghost Dance movement, many nations across the plains and Mississippi region find a number of societies and groups who practice forms of witchcraft or the occult. They adhere to ancient rituals to summon a variety of obscure spirits, some of which are known to the Cahokia faith, but utilizing rites unknown to canon law.

The Aztec invasion of Innu Normandy results in a stalemate, with the Aztecs unable to capture the entirety of the Normandy region. The Aztecs suffer 840 casualties, while the Innu suffer 1,140 casualties.

The Innu-Mi’kmaq invasion of Wolastoqiyk is successful, with the nation being captured, The Mi’kmaq suffer 1,100 casualties, the Innu suffer 750 casualties, and the defending nation of Wolastoqiyk suffers 3,590 casualties.

  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: Baroque art and music continue to thrive. The war with Innu has died down for now, agreeing for them to keep an outpost near the island of OTL Mount Saint Michael. The economy across the homeland and the colonies steadily recovers, as the Bank of Sicoke is back on its feet, and as that happens the rate of settlement greatly increases. Many local areas of Britain start to become large trading hubs of their own, and sponsor the creation of shipyards on the island itself, sponsored by the federal government. A new colony is established in Ireland, replacing the earlier settlement of the Innu, but with respect to treaties made with the High Kingdom. Potatoes and beans traded from our southern trading partners are brought to Ireland to grow a new cash crop there. A deal is offered to our ally in the war against Innu, Kaalimat, in order to smoothen any further colonial disputes. We offer to purchase rights to their colony in Scotland, in exchange of ceding to them our colony in Iberia, the oldest settlement in the New World MOD RESPONSE. A census is also taken again for the population of the Chesapeake Bay and our colonies abroad. In response of our ally's war against the Abenaki, the Powhatan invades the Abenaki colonies in Wales and Ireland with 3,000 and 2,000 troops respectively, supported by one-half dozen major ships. 
  • Miskito: The Emperor sends 1,000 trained soldiers and their family to the North New Zealand part of New Atl'iisa and also replenished the OTL New Caledonia and an extra 200 people. The Emperor also sends 7,000 soldiers to the OTL Middle Honduras using their signature tactics[Mod Response Needed]. The Emperor honoring his alliance to Mik'maq sends an extra 2,000 soldiers to make a landing in Abenaki [Mod Response Needed].
  • Tibet: War stuff with Shigatase continues (I retroactively added data on the last turn, I'll update this if the mod response also gets updated, if not assume what I posted about the war retroactively happens on this turn) (<--note to mods about my war screw up last turn). Internal developments continue, mainly in terms of military infrastructure to support the war effort. There is marginal expansion into OTL Arunachal Pradesh. 
  • Powhatan: Powhatan. We are the Powhatan, and this is the history of the Powhatan. Since the beginning we began as the Powhatan, and continued to prosper as them and do the business of the Powhatan. We were Powhatan once then, and we are Powhatan now. We speak clearly, and we dress finely. We conduct our Powhatan business with the utmost Powhtan eticut and articulation. The Powhatan leader continues to oversee the government of the Powhatan, with the Powhatan people living out their lives and doing as they are instructed. The people of Powhatan continue to prosper and conduct business as they always had for generations, from the times of the very first Powhatan leader, to the current time, in which the current Powhatan leader is in charge of the Powhatan. It has come to pass that many great things have happened, and society is often constantly change, but despite this the Powhatan continue to remain here, and they continue to prosper. Many plans are made for future Powhatan endeavours, which the Powhatan oversee and think upon.We continue to consolidate power over the island of Britain, expanding settlements in the northern areas just south of Kaalimat and along the northern coast of Wales. The Lowalnds colony expands northward, allowing allies of the Belgae to help crush the Dutch Confederacy at their capital of Hollanda. Outposts are constructed along the Frisian islands. At home, arts continue to thrive as baroque music is developed, and quickly becomes synonymous with the elite.
  • Beothuk: With the great purge finally being over, the army is reorganized into three field armies consisting of ten divisions each in times of peace. Each division is headed by a commander who reports to the queen. We expand our colony in West Sahara into OTL Mauretania and build a road system to connect the varous settlements there.
  • Tarascan Empire: The new architectural style (Large columned halls, wider staircases, curved roofs, courtyard in the middle) now becomes popular to the poorer homes. However, changes have to be made to the style in order for the poor to afford it. First, the large columns made of stone are replaced by smaller ones made of wood, which is plentiful all around our nation. It becomes common that homes that house people who are related are grouped together around a central courtyard. Columns are not used as much in these compounds, but are used around the edges of the courtyard. When it rains, the rain will flow into the courtyard, which has small holes and indentations in certain places to gather rainwater. During the summer, they slowly release the water stored which makes the courtyard cooler. Cazonci Huitzimengari dies, and is succeeded by Cuinierángari II.
    • Apatzaru: We accept the Wu terms and begin trading with them. A new viceroy takes power in Apatzaru who's name is Shanarani. He intends to secure power in China by pushing the Minyue deep into the mountains, where they will be separated from their main agricultural area as well as their population base. However, the coast is not yet secure. 1,650 soldiers supported by two warships are sent to the border of Au Viet seizing Hókciŭ (Fuzhou), and Nìngdáik (Ningde) along the way. (MOD RESPONSE) Quite a few books are written in Minyue, as well as one in Wu. It is theorized that there once was a major civilized empire covering the continent which originated in the north. The states to the north are more civilized than the ones in the south, and the languages of the north differ greatly from the ones in the south.
  • ‘’’Mikmaq Empire: King Matntimg, seeking to unite the Wabanaki kingdoms, invades Abenaki. Resources from the now-integrated colony of Egypt are poured into the war, allowing him to amass a larger army. As such, 16,000 troops are sent into battle. These troops consist of 8,000 infantrymen, 5,000 artillery troops, 2,800 cavalry troops, 200 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGORITHM NEEDED) He also asks of his allies, Inywaxti, Ayiti, and Powhatan to aid him. (INYWAXTI, AYITI, AND POWHATAN RESPONSES NEEDED) He accepts the Miskito’s offer to send troops. (MISKITO RESPONSE NEEDED)’’’
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Ayiti lends 2,730 infantry and cavalry to assist its ally Mi'kma'ki, along with nine ships.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Spreading outward from Diu, Ayitian merchants ensconce themselves in the Gulf of Khambhat, hoping to influence the small coastal kingdoms and the trade thereof. With reinforcements from the homeland, they attempt to take Surat, but are repelled by the city's walls, so they set their sights on the weaker tribal state of Daman, which falls relatively quickly to Ayitian soldiers. Here, the first proper colony in India is founded, complete with a fortress and a temple. Using Daman as a base of operations, the Ayitians occupy the stretch of coastline up to Valsad. They also erect strategic forts at Muscat and Hormuz, effectively commanding the straits and thus all seabound trade passing between Mesopotamia and the Indus. Many merchants, not fond of crossing the treacherous Persian desert, are content to pay Ayitian protection fees if it means that their goods will arrive safely.
    • New Ayiti: The colonies of Raroko (Sardinia), Bociba (Corsica), and Nakeya (Majorca) expand to cover the entirety of their respective islands as settlers move into the interior and turn the countryside to farmland. The last remnants of the Nuragic and Torrean civilizations have long since vanished, leaving nothing but ruins and a few isolated mountain tribes. Due to the need for laborers to work the fields, slaves are imported to New Ayiti through the trading posts of Cacimare, with many being shipped from nearby Algeria. The Libyan slaves are especially prized for their strength, so slavers regularly comb the Libyan coast, establishing trading posts along the way. Among these sites, the outpost at Tobruk is favored for its proximity to Crete.
    • Macanike: The Macanike Trading Company consolidates its rule over the Gambia and Casamance rivers, building a number of forts in those areas. Using profits from the Cacimarran trade, the primary coastal ports of Macanike are converted to agricultural settlements capable of supporting a small population of settlers and slaves, defended by their local forts. The MTC is then able to claim a swath of land from the Cap-Vert Peninsula to the fringes of the Cacheu River as colonial company domain. Furthermore, King Manicato grants the MTC official monopoly status over the Ivory Coast and the Bight of Bonny. The recently acquired Gabon colony is transferred to the governor of Guatuguey, who shares power with the MTC.
  • Not Powhatan: We are not, and have never been, the Powhatan. We are an entirely unrelated tribe inhabiting a different geographic region of the world. Our name sounds nothing like that of the Powhatan, and our culture resembles their culture in the way a fish resembles a bicycle (that is to say, not at all). Some people think we look like the Powhatan, or dress like the Powhatan, or talk like the Powhatan. Some even go as far as to claim that we are the Powhatan, despite heaps of evidence to the contrary. We are nothing like the Powhatan. Our territory is very large and small and our history is well-known. We began by not being the Powhatan and evolved into something surprisingly less Powhatan than before. We continue to prosper and flourish. Our leaders (who are not of Powhatan ancestry) have shaped our civilization, making it great -- maybe as great as the Powhatan -- but certainly not the Powhatan. We continue to live our lives not being the Powhatan, and will continue to do so until the end of time.
  • Inywaxki (Inyw): Mishta-Akamit [Southern Bas-Saint-Laurent] is integrated into Inywaxki. The Mi'kmaq are aided in their war against the Abenaki, with five Mashieus [6,400 troops] being sent to invade the Abenaki mainland (War Algorithm Requested). They are to invade from the north, securing northern Abenaki lands. The Swampy Cree are offered a royal marriage with Tshikass I, and sent the best envoy in Inywaxki to avoid another situation like the one in Greenland (Mod Response Requested). An invasion of Abenaki Wales and Ireland commences, with three Mashieus [3,840 troops] landing in Ireland and two Mashieus [2,560 troops] landing in Wales, accompanied by three Mitshetu [24 ships] (War Algorithm Requested). Infrastructure to the newly gained southern areas is made, with Kepek expanding onto Mishta-Akamit [South Shore, Quebec City]. An additional two Mitshetu [16 ships] are sent to raid Aztec ports in West Pimatimiu [Brittany], with ITAU being expected to send additional ships (ITAU naval forces listed below) (Naval Algorithm Requested). Tapuemakan II decides to buy newly invented Kanieuatsheu [Stocks] from ITAU to show support for the company, and purchases some Kanieuatsheu [Stocks] on behalf of the state to support the defense of the colonies.
    • ITAU: For the first time, "Kanieuatsheu" [Stocks] are sold for ITAU, hoping to be able to fund the war, promising investors high returns on their stocks once the salt trade between the Dutch and the Aztecs is plundered. Two Mitshetu [16 ships] are used to raid Aztec ships transporting salt to the Aztec colonies, serving the purpose of gaining money from reselling salt and capturing ships and impressing Aztec sailors into the navy (Mod Response on Ships Captured Requested). Impressed sailors are distributed evenly on ships as to prevent any unified mutiny by the sailors. These ships are used to escort merchant ships in exchange for money. The two Mitshetu [16 ships] worth of warships are sent to help government forces raid Aztec ports in West Pimatimiu [Brittany] (government naval forces listed above) (Naval Algorithm Requested). With money from an escort service, reselling salt gained from plundering the Dutch-Aztec salt trade, and stocks, six Mashieus [7,680 troops] are able to be sustained after land grants are promised to veterans after retirement. Three Mashieus [3,840 troops] are sent to defend/take land from the Aztecs (War Algorithm Requested), while the other three Mashieus [3,840 troops] are sent to invade the Belgae and take as much land as possible (War Algorithm Requested).
  • Powhatan: Powhatan. We are the Powhatan, and this is the history of the Powhatan. Since the beginning we began as the Powhatan, and continued to prosper as them and do the business of the Powhatan. We were Powhatan once then, and we are Powhatan now. We speak clearly, and we dress finely. We conduct our Powhatan business with the utmost Powhtan eticut and articulation. The Powhatan leader continues to oversee the government of the Powhatan, with the Powhatan people living out their lives and doing as they are instructed. The people of Powhatan continue to prosper and conduct business as they always had for generations, from the times of the very first Powhatan leader, to the current time, in which the current Powhatan leader is in charge of the Powhatan. It has come to pass that many great things have happened, and society is often constantly change, but despite this the Powhatan continue to remain here, and they continue to prosper. Many plans are made for future Powhatan endeavours, which the Powhatan oversee and think upon.We continue to consolidate power over the island of Britain, expanding settlements in the northern areas just south of Kaalimat and along the northern coast of Wales. The Lowalnds colony expands northward, allowing allies of the Belgae to help crush the Dutch Confederacy at their capital of Hollanda. Outposts are constructed along the Frisian islands. At home, arts continue to thrive as baroque music is developed, and quickly becomes synonymous with the elite.
  • Lenapehoking: The nation sponsors the Roman State as it leads a military campaign against the unorganized Greek and native colonies of the southern Italian peninsula. An army of Lenni Lenape is also dispatched to aid them in capturing this region, while capturing several ports and positions for forts themselves. Several new forts are constructed in this region, with the remainder of the region being given to the Romans. Ships are dispatched to the sea and stationed in the various colonies, with the naval presence being increased to attack against pirates and other threats.
  • Guarani Empire: With decisive victories achieved against the Chera Kingdom by 1635 the Guarani would decide to push on and promise their allies that they will receive more land from taking part the offensive. The Guarani army in the continent numbering 6,250 would thus march after their victories along with their vast allied forces toward the Chera capital (Karur?), capitalizing on the weakened state of their foe after their initial defeat. The campaign would aim to seize control of the whole country, with a Guarani puppet being placed in the throne and some territory close to their respective borders being awarded to Pandya and Chola for their assitance. [ALGO REQUIRED] Meanwhile, the large conquered ports would begin transformation, as was done with Calicut, into proper fortresses and trade hubs for the colonists and would see immigration of many imperial settlers. The conquest would also solidify the imperial foothold in India and allow Guarani authortities to enforce commercial monopoly of the ever increasing spice trade. The Ayitian presence in the subcontinent would create some competition However, as South India is the production center of spices, imperial influence over the region and greater presence overall would secure advantage over the foreigners. As these Indian goods become desired throughout all of The Americas, the near monopoly created over the spice trade would cause most american nations to become relient on our merchants, generating a tremendous amount of wealth to the Crown and nation as a whole. The Empire would move to further expand their holdings and capitalize on their already very favorable position, relations would be established with the many kingdoms along the Coromandel and Kalinga coasts and trade quarters established in Pulicat and Masulipatnam. The powerful Kingdom of Bengal would also be contacted and an offer to establish a commercial agreement and a trade factory and fort in Hughli Chuchura and Chittagong would be sent in 1638 [MOD RESPONSE REQUIRED]. By 1640 Guarani explorers would have discovered Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula and activity in the region would gradually grow. In Africa the settlements of Itarupa would have extended itself along the coast with mines being set up further away from the city proper, similarly Hũembe'y would expand over to the mainland with the surrounding Swahili coast becoming subject to the colonists .New colonies entirely would also be created in OTL Mombasa, Pemba Island and Capetown. Back in the mainland the Mburuvicha would decide to put the vast amounts of wealth coming from the colonies in the east to good use, funding in the Military of the nation. In 1643 he would decide to lead a campaign against the old enemies of the nation, the Guaycuru to the north, hoping to seize their rich and fertile lands that have also become a center of sugarcane production. For this expedition the full might of the Guarani army would be employed, With 21 Nemhedahs - 120,960 men - along with 238 cannons being mobilized and sent north in one massive army with the objective of swiftly crushing through the enemy defences and capturing their capital, A fleet of small warships and converted trade vessels would be sent up the Paraná to assist the effort with the river also being used to supply the large army. The Guaycuru would see themselves in a desperate situation and send envoys to the Terenas, Xakriabá and Temiminó requesting immediate assistance against the overwhelming imperial force [MOD RESPONSE AND ALGO REQUIRED].
  • Cree Empire: Now the Supreme Chief of the Western Confederation, and the Emperor of all Cree, Pascus' popularity is solidified through sweeping social reforms – particularly the expansion of rationing, increased wages for civil bureaucrats and military servicemen (up by one-fourth to 5,000 kg of grain and 375 silver coins annually), and the ability of commoners to participate in national assemblies though as non-voters. He also encourages constructive criticism of government institutions and establishes the "Office of Complaints" to better address any domestic issues. Despite this, he avoids the public sphere for the sake of maintaining his own health. Due to the anticipation of his death, he attempts to prevent the emergence of any succession issues by designating his three grand-daughters as co-heir apparents – with the expectation is that the Grand Council, with popular backing, would appoint the most popular of the three on Pascus' death. These are Manominac, Pechicateu, and Ayatascisiw.

1645-1650

If you have not posted in the previous turn yet you may still do so.

The Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat refuses the offer to cede their colony in Scotland to the Kingdom of Tenakomakah, with the proposition being considered a minor affront.

The Powhatan attack against Abenaki Wales is successful, with the island of Anglesey being captured by the Powhatan. The Powhatan suffer 380 casualties, while the Abenaki suffer 460 casualties. In Ireland the Abenaki successfully repulse the Powhatan, with the Abenaki suffering 410 casualties, and the Powhatan suffering 400 casualties.

The Miskito invasion of central Honduras results in a decisive defeat, with the Miskito being repulsed. The Miskito suffer 2,180 casualties, while the defenders suffer 1,320 casualties. Additionally, the nation seeks to create a coalition with their neighbors, due to Miskito’s rapid expansion against them.

The Tibetan attack against Shigatse is successful, with the city surrendering to the attackers. The Tibetans suffer 2,140 casualties, while the defenders suffer 3,300 casualties.

The attack by the Tarascan colony of Apatzaru against Au Viet is successful, with the cities of Hókciŭ (Fuzhou), and Nìngdáik (Ningde) being seized by the attackers. The Tarascans suffer 450 casualties, while the Vietnamese suffer 23,550 casualties.

The Mi’kmaq invasion of Abenaki leads the nation of Abenaki to seek alliances with the Iroquois and the Innu. The invasion results in a Mi’kmaq defeat, with the Mi’kmaq suffering 3,010 casualties, the Miskito suffering 990 casualties, the Iroquois suffering 340 casualties, and the Abenaki suffering 1,270 casualties. In Ireland the Iroquois successfully capture the Mi’kmaq colony, suffering 110 casualties, while the Mi’kmaq suffer 260 casualties.

The Guarani Empire's attack against the Chera capital of Karur is successful, with the city being captured. The Guarani suffer 2,090 casualties, the Guarani allies suffer 10,340 casualties, and the Chera suffer 26,640 casualties. Elsewhere, the Kingdom of Bengal accepts the offer from the Guarani.

The invasion of the Guaycuru by the Guarani prompts the Guaycuru to form a coalition with several other neighboring states, who all fear the rapid Guarani expansion. The invasion results in a narrow Guarani defeat, with the Guarani suffering 26,740 casualties, the Guaycuru suffering 10,000 casualties, and the Guaycuru allies suffering 5,410 casualties.

  • Tibet: King Dolma II thoroughly subjugates Shigatse and exiles the ruling family to the Tarim Basin. Most of the ruling class is allowed to remain should they recognize King Dolma II as their new liege, and those that do not are also exiled and have their land distributed either to other loyal lords or to the monasteries. Low-ranking prisoners (e.g. peasant levies) are simply released and and higher-ranked professional soldiers are either hired to join Dolma’s dominion or are exiled, though to the south to India. Infrastructural development continues, particularly along the peripheries to bring in the new lands to the rest of the kingdom. In the winter of 1648 a tragedy happens as King Dolma II’s hunting party is caught in a blizzard and he is later recovered as having frozen to death. His son, now King Tenki, ascends to the throne, and in the ensuing transitionary period the monasteries and the Dalai Lama also manage to consolidate and expand their power somewhat. Expansion into OTL Arunachal Pradesh continues, and a wave of expansion westwardly begins. Bronze tools and weapons continue to spread at an exponential rate, with the copper able to be produced in Tibet and the tin imported from Southern China.
  • Aztec Empire: The empress abdicates in 1648 in favor of her son, who is crowned Mocuhteczoma III in the very same year. The new emperor gives a number of reforms, the most renown being the emancipation of the serfs. This law makes climbing up the social ladder possible for serfs as well, in case they acquire large amounts of wealth. Another possibility for that is the honoring of brave soldiers, who have made great accomplishments on the battlefield, opposed to the former rule that only middle and upper class citizens can be granted the rank of officer or lieutenant. This makes the wealthier serfs who own compared to others large portions of land. These landowners are sending their children to educational institutes, where they get a better education. Most of these children are trained as merchants, soldiers or other jobs in the state service like the administrative sector. A voyage to the northwestern islands is launched, setting up a small outpost on the southern island. The island is named Yahuāyhi, after the native word Hawai'i. In Normandy, new inventions are made to crush the Innu resistance: the line formation is developed opposed to the formerly used pike square/infantry squares. The line formation consists of three rows of soldiers in three blocks, shooting constant volleys at the enemy while being supported by constant artillery fire. The daggers of the infantry men are also changed, in that they have hollow grips that can be attached to the rifle, making man-to-man combat faster and easier. This man to man combat occurs after the volleys are fired, the infantry is supported by the cavalry in those combat charges. With these tactics in mind, a suprise attack is launched in 1647 at the Vire river, with 1,000 men and 200 cavalrists attacking Briovera. The navy supports them with a deployment of 50 ships and 3,000 men landing on the Venell peninsula (OTL Cotentin peninsula). The exhausted troops that were used until then, have been send back home and replaced with a fresh army of roughly the same size (2,000 men). The commanders and generals, however, remain the same, as they are familiar with the terrain and the enemy. Native scouts from rural Brittany are used heavily to keep the supply lines stable. The trade with the Frisians continues, the routes for the merchants are changed however. They now sail from Näi Rungholt to English ports controlled by the Tenakomakah, then sailing around Scotland back to Brittany. The make this easier, the Kalaallisut are asked to use their ports on a rePgular bases, with tariffs paid by the Nahua Colonial Conglomerate (MOD/PLAYER RESPONSE, PLEASE). Trade with Frisian and Occitan natives continues. While Occitania is under Aztec rule, the authorities have little interest in the region with the exception of Narbona, so it remains largely free of Aztec settlers and is mostly inhabited by natives. These natives, however, are quick to adapt Aztec farming techniques and medicine, as well as the Aztec understanding of hygiene. This makes them the only native group in a settled region that actually has a stable demographics. Due to this and the fact that most of the occitan nobility uses Nahuatl as a lingua franca, makes them a civilized people. An exploration is sent to map the shores of the east and north Frisians and the Saxons (along the coast of northern Germany) and make contact with the peoples there (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE).

Beothuk:The Queen inaugurates the new Flagship of the navy RBN Queen Hea´ther I. It is called the most powerful ship in the world being equipped with 388 bronze cannons and displace over 1,000 tons. One more of this class is under construction. Immigration to our settlements in West Sahara is encouraged but the problem of water is a mayor drawback. a 20-ship expedition to an island known as Mauritius sets sail. We further expand our colony in Mauretania.

  • Miskito: The emperor passes away in 1645 and is succeeded by his son Atl'ii IV. The newly crowned emperor adding the New Atl'iisa sends 500 people to try to colonise Fiji after claiming North New Zealand. The king also replenishes the Army and starts to develop Mi'maq houses. The Emperor also sends 3,000 people to aid Mik'maq against Abenaki [Mod Response Needed].
  • Tarascan Empire: Naval technology is greatly improved, increasing the speed and size the ships. A common model is the Tariacuri ship, a transport ship with five masts and is around 55 meters (a bit less than three times the length of Columbus' ships). Warships are smaller, with three masts and are 40 meters (40 feet) long. Patrol boats used in war are 30 meters (100 feet) long and are eight-oared. The ships with masts have balanced rudders, which can be raised and lowered, creating extra stability. In stormy weather, holes in the prow would partially fill with water when the ship pitched forward, thus lessening the violent turbulence caused by waves. This is especially useful in Asia, as the summer monsoon season is less dangerous for ships. Raised platforms and extended planks are used in the warships. All warships have 42 cannons. The informal military schools are closed down, which was going to happen anyway because of not enough government funding. Instead, a better recruitment system in now in place, particularly in the colonies. Strategy and capable generals has always been a major part of Tarascan military success so in place of the military schools, a school for nobles and capable commoners in the military is established. It teaches military strategy and leadership, as well as other qualities needed for capable generals and commanders.
    • Pukutapuomikua: An explorer stumbles upon some old tomes dating to the first exploration into the South China sea. They tell of a current going south to islands full of riches. Receiving funds from the WSTC (Owns Taiwan colony and conducts trade with some people), he sets out with two ships, each containing 250 settlers, to venture south. He reaches OTL Jakarta in September. He founds a settlement there and returns to share this news. In a second expedition, he instead sails southeast and discovers Halmahera (Spice Islands). This island has certain herbs that are unique to it and the surrounding islands. The potential in these lands is quickly realized as the spices Halmahera can rack up a huge sum of money and Jakarta (Named Sunta Kerhapa) can act as a port city where trade passes through from the west.
    • Apatzaru: Now controlling the entire coast of Minyue, a military campaign is authorized to start to consolidate control over the mountain areas. 2,500 soldiers supported by 75 cavalry will be sent along the Jiulong river all the way to Zhangping. 2,600 soldiers supported by 75 cavalry will be sent along the Mijiang river all the way to Nanping. Small villages which will serve no purpose after the invasion will be burnt.
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Following the trail of spices and rich commerce, Ayitian explorers push beyond the boundaries of the known world and plunge head-first into the unknown. Initially, Ayiti focuses on procuring luxury goods and lucrative trade deals with Indian nations and setting up strategic outposts in the Indian Ocean. In a few short years, Ceylon and the Maldives are brought under Ayitian hegemony, providing merchants with the means to circumvent the Tamil kings’ monopoly. Hastily-assembled trading companies depart for the east on fleets of galleons, returning home laden with spices and spoils. As the value of the spice trade becomes apparent, however, more explorers are commissioned to find its source. This leads to the discovery of the Straits of Malacca and the eastern islands of the Malay Archipelago, from whence the spices originate. Ultimately, the lesser companies merge by royal decree to form the Ayitian East India Company (ÆIC), presiding over land and sea on the eastern side of India. It is the ÆIC that creates the first permanent trading posts on Lanka near Colombo, sends the first trade mission to Malacca, and establishes waystations at Inhambane and Quelimane for sailors to resupply on their long voyages to India. Back in the Caribbean, Manicato I presses claims to the Baracoa region of Cubao, going to war with the Mayari Kingdom that currently occupies it. He lands in Cubao with 11,000 fighting men and women–equipped with flintlock muskets and artillery–and swiftly lays to siege to Baracoa, Mayari, and Bayamo (in that order). This campaign is supported by the bulk of the Caribbean home fleet. Meanwhile, the MTC re-establishes a presence on the Gold Coast with a fort at Elmina. MTC expansion in Cacimare continues. Settlement of the Ionian and Aegean Islands continues, and a fort is built on Djerba to supplement the naval base on Malta. Otherwise, development happens rather slowly in the Mediterranean. Ayitian claims include Liguria, Libya, and parts of coastal Greece/Anatolia, even though the only settlements in these areas are scattered trading posts.
  • Salish Kingdom: King Suiattle inspects the fortifications in the north, and decides to improve them. A settlement at OTL Tokyo is established, called, "Xocetenew" It is supplied via the Aleuts and then Sakhalin, each of which have Salish trading posts.
  • Mi'kma'ki: We will not back down upon defeat, for we are not timid. Do not underestimate us. We will not give up. And thus, our King Matntimg continues the war against Abenaki. He sends reinforcements to aid the troops in Abenaki. An army of 16,000 troops attacks the Abenaki once again (the troop types and numbers are similar to last turn). He asks of Ayiti, Inywaxti, Tenakomakah, and Beothuk to help him in his war efforts. (AYITI, INYW, AND POWHATAN RESPONSES NEEDED) He accepts the Miskito troops. (MISKITO RESPONSE NEEDED) (MOD ALGO NEEDED)
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Although the war in Cubao prevents Ayiti from committing too many of its own troops, a mixed mercenary company of 6,500 led by the illustrious Taino general Mabo offers its services to Mi'kma'ki. Mabo is known for his revolutionary linear battle tactics and highly disciplined troops, holding a reputation as one of the greatest commanders of the Caribbean.
  • Powhatan: Continuing the conflict against the Abenaki, we send 8,000 troops and five ships to aid the Mikamak attack the Abenaki, in addition to further 1,800 troops and ten ships in Ireland to seize unclaimed strategic locations near their colonies. 900 troops are sent to aid the Irish High King defend against the encroaching colonization of Innu and Iroquois. Yohtakah becomes a chief minister and ambassador to Ireland, who quickly takes a fascination for the culture and language, and begins integrating to the society himself. Yohtakah dedicated himself toward building up the Irish in a strong defense on their own, teaching them modern tactics of the Powhatan, and giving them many arms and armament used in the Powhatan military. 
  • Inywaxki (Inyw): Sixteen Mashieus [20,480 troops] are sent to aid the Nashikû-Matshinnu [Mi'kmaq] in their war, invading both the Ishpimit-Matshinnu [St. Lawrence Iroquois] and the Abenaki through Mishta-Akamit [Southern Bas-Saint-Laurent] and Mishta-Iteueiau [northern lower St. Lawrence lowlands] (War Algorithm Requested). Shiutsheni, who's father, Kanieun, was a prized general against the Moose Cree and Algonquins, is elected by the elderly Tapuemakan, after many years of training as a general and acting as a soldier, as the main general of the campaign against the Ishpimit-Matshinnu [St. Lawrence Iroquois]. Shiutshen becomes good friends with Tshikass I, who accompanies him on his campaigns, although usually a few miles from front lines. Tshikass I ascends the Inyw throne after the death of Tapuemakan II in 1647, and immediately arranges a royal marriage between Inywaxki and the Swampy Cree. He sends the best envoy he can find to avoid another situation like the one in Greenland (Mod Response Requested). Three Mashieus [3,840 troops], as well as one and one-half Mitshetu [12 ships] are sent to invade Abenaki Ireland, and if successful, continue on and invade Wexford (War Algorithm Requested). A similar invasion, consisting of another three Mashieus [3,840 troops] and one and aone-alf Mitshetu [12 ships], are sent to invade Iroquois Ireland (War Algorithm Requested). Investors in ITAU, first skeptical, start to grow exponentially, as Tshikass I endores buying stocks in ITAU, buying stocks himself, and pointing out the success of ITAU in the Ush mak Shiutau program. Pechicateu
    • ITAU (Inyw Trading/Colonial Company): With investors buying Kanieuatsheu [Stocks] after the profitable program of Ush mak Shiutau [literally, "Ships with too much salt", referring to the plundering of the Dutch-Aztec salt trade], more ships and troops can be bought. The word shiuau [literlly, "it is salty"] comes to be used colloquially as a word describing someone angry or resentful of something, and the term spreads back to the mainland as well. Meanwhile, one Mitshetu [eight ships] is used, with a base in Mikuau Ashtamishet [Pembrokeshire], to continue pillaging the salt trade through the Apishishtikueiashu [St. Georges Channel]. These ships make landfall with one-half of Mashieu [640] to take Tapatanapishkau [Isle of Man] (War Algorithm Requested). Three and one-half Mashieu [4,480 troops] are sent to defend the colonies against the Aztecs, and if possible invade West Pimatimiu [Brittany] (War Algorithm Requested), while three Mashieu [3,840 troops] are sent to invade and take as much Belgae territory as possible. Soldiers are paied with money gained through stocks and through resale revenue of salt.
  • Cree Empire: Pascus dies, with the Grand Council declaring his three granddaughters – Pechicateu, Manominac, and Ayatascisiw – as triumvirs due to their popularity, and to deter the emergence of any conflict between them. The reorientation of the mainstream Ghost Dance movement to orthopraxy (with increased emphasis on ritual over belief) causes it to lose momentum within the Cree population. Despite this, religious heterodoxy – protected by the government policy of religious tolerance – continues to proliferate, though with increased emphasis on daily prayer and the profession of faith (over ritual), proselytization, and virtue – particularly that of charity. Building upon their grandfather's support of democracy, the triumvirs decide to expand local administrative bodies to 26 elected officials (instead of two), with each serving five-year terms. In addition, a distinction between provinces and prefectures is established; while the latter is administered by a prefect (a high-ranking military official, appointed by the Supreme Chief), the former is administered by a governor, thus reducing the power of the military. Additionally, the triumvirs decide to centralize the state through the expansion of the central bureaucracy (through encouraging the pursuit of scholarly and intellectual activities, and participation in civil examinations) and establishing a system of horse-mounted couriers to facilitate communication between the capital and the provinces/prefectures. These reforms are aided by the de facto disenfranchisement of, and political apathy within, the provincial population – thus ensuring the Three Cities' pre-eminence in national politics. Records and the issuance of last names are also enforced. Despite Pascus' platform of equality and opposition to the emergent political dynasties (many of whom are wealthy land-owning clans or are anchored by high-ranking military officials), the triumvirs – who themselves are members of the prominent Otoscuanic-aya clan – are pressured to make concessions to them. These in-part include the recognition of past land grants and increased rights regarding slave ownership. Co-Empress Pechicateu in particular, cultivates an amicable relationship with the aristocracy through favors and support for legislation favorable to them. Despite this, friction between her and the aristocracy remains due to her refusal of several marriage-offers (creating an illusion of hostility on her part) and of her well-known affinity to Mesoamerican (particularly Aztec) culture; the latter being a point of disdain as most aristocrats instead regard Ancient Cahokia as the model society instead. Distrust in her is amplified by her moderate positions pertaining to religion. While subscribing to several heterodox beliefs and patronizing the construction of religious monuments and temples within the Three Cities, she rejects both Cahokian canon and denounces the radicality of the Ghost Dance movement. She is also often denounced for her alleged immorality (rumored to be a heavy drinker and to be sexually promiscuous; of which only the former has a basis in fact), which together with her materialism and frequent visits to Port Escopeiac, results in many of her critics negatively likening her to the late Wasepeschan. She instead appeals to the military aristocracy – holding an active interest in military history and receiving informal instruction in tactics via her advisors. In contrast, her co-Empresses – both of relatively humble origins and only related to Pascus through their paternal line (and thus, not considered a direct descendant), are less keen on collaborating with the aristocracy, and instead focus on increasing popular support for the triumvirate. Taxation is expanded to increase government revenue, and therefore, funding for government programs. While the income tax remains stable at 5%, the sales tax is increased to 5% (from 1 to 2%); while a separate tax (25%) is levied on luxury goods. A tariff of 5% is established, though it does not deter the continued growth of foreign commerce. Utilizing increased government revenue, weekly rations for the Three Cities' residents are increased to 1,000g of flatbread and/or biscuits, 500g of pemmican, 250g of cheese, and 3.5L of 20% mead (since mead is usually diluted with water to reduce alcohol level) per person. In addition to this, the government constructs more schools (to accommodate a higher level of students) and makes primary education compulsory within the Three Cities region; despite this, however, instruction is restricted to the acquisition of literacy skills (reading and writing), arithmetic, and moral education. The government also sets up programs to help off-season farmers find seasonal employment in government projects. Manominac also promotes participation in civil examinations (the entry test to become a bureaucrat or public servant) as a way to advance socially, thus raising social mobility and hoping to help add the masses' voice to political discourse. Like her second-cousin Pechicateu, she refuses to get married – publicly taking a vow to remain chaste for the remainder of her life, and instead serve the Cree people. Despite this vow, she, herself, becomes infatuated with a lowly civil servant named Māwachisōcan, whom she fancies due to his perceived intelligence. However, she does not let her infatuation obstruct her responsibilities; rather, she strengthens her efforts at reform (especially in regards to the bureaucracy) in a bid to impress/benefit him and his peers. Although she manages to evade any substantial criticism (apart from her purported atheism), her enthusiasm and working schedule proves detrimental to her health – and she suffers from a sudden stroke, from which she recovers from albeit weakened. Manominac and Pechicateu (who both have conflicting ideals) are both mediated by Ayatascisiw, the third triumvir. Due to this position (and her perceived moderacy), most are hesitant in constructing a strong opinion on her and instead largely view her as a voice of reason. While also intelligent, she is largely apathetic to politics and instead spends most of her time reading prose; otherwise, she uses her easy-going image in receiving foreign missions or dignitaries.

1650-1655

The Aztec attack on the Venell peninsula (OTL Cotentin Peninsula) is initially successful. However, a counterattack from the Innu leads to the Aztecs falling back to the border. The Aztec suffer 340 casualties, while the Innu suffer 380 casualties.

A revolt breaks out in northern Inywaxki, led by a native Inuit leader named Pamiuq. The revolt quickly captures the northern coast of the nation, aided by the Innu army being preoccupied, and general discontent in the nation over the recent string of wars. The rebels also seek out aid from other nearby nations.

The settlement at Jakarta established by the Tarascan colony of Pukutapuomikua is attacked by natives, with the colony being destroyed in the attacks. The majority of the surviving Tarascan settlers choose to relocate back east.

The Tarascan attack against the nation of Minyue is successful, with the Tarascans capturing the Jiulong river upto the city of Zhangping, and along the Mijiang river up to Nanping. In total the Tarascans suffer 2,110 casualties, while the Chinese suffer 21,890 casualties. The Tarascans also experience numerous attacks against their coastal colonies, which diminish the population of their territory, and destroy numerous cities.

The Ayitian invasion of Cubao leads to the creation of a coalition of other Taino states in an effort to contain their expansion. At the Battle of Baracoa, Ayiti is defeated, with the Ayitians suffering 3,450 casualties, and the eastern nations of Cubao suffering 1,190 casualties.

The arrival of the Salish once more in the Tokyo region is met with an attack by the local Japanese, who are more prepared to defend the region. The Japanese manage to kill or rout the majority of Salish colonists, preventing a settlement from taking shape. A number of Salish people are also captured, who are brought before the local shogun of the region, and he communicates that he won’t tolerate the arrival of wanton foreigners to build houses in his territory.

The invasion of Abenaki is successful, with the Mi’kmaq suffering 4,330 casualties, the Powhatan suffering 1,290 casualties, the Innu suffering 3,450 casualties, the Ayiti suffering 1,740 casualties, and the Abenaki suffering 12,470 casualties. The Innu invasion of Ishpimit-Matshinnu results in an Innu defeat, with the Innu suffering 2,480 casualties, and the Iroquois suffering 1,930 casualties. Elsewhere, the Iroquois state they wish to make peace with the Mi’kmaq (and allies), in which they recognize the Mi’kmaq’s annexation of Abenaki, if the Iroquois’ annexation in Ireland is recognized.

In Ireland the northern one-half of the island becomes divided over the Abenaki-Mi’kmaq War. The Irish High King, Domnall Ua Lochlainn, remains loyal to the Powhatan, after the Powhatan aided him to great personal gain against the Innu, along with Meath and Leinster. The states of Breifne and Connaught support the Iroquois under the leadership of the High King’s main rival, Fedlim Geancach. They are also joined by an influential southern warlord, Conchobar Ua Briain, who leads a large number of natives and mixed Irish-westerners from Munster, armed with Beothuk guns, to take revenge on who they perceive to be an ineffective high king. After the revolt emerges in Innu territory, and recent disagreements with the Powhatan, the Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat aids the Iroquois, leading their continent of native allies in Ulster against the Powhatan as well.

At the Battle of Muileann gCearr, the Powhatan are defeated, with the Powhatan suffering 230 casualties, the Powhatan allies suffering 1,380 casualties, the Iroquois suffering 190 casualties, the Iroquois allies suffering 1,080 casualties, the Innu sufferint 430 casualties, and the Greenlanders suffering 130 casualties.

  • Kingdom of Tenakomakah: Science and mathematics makes large gains across the kingdom of the Chesapeake. The philosophers of the Mattawoman University develops the modern scientific method, and rigorously applies it to various aspects of chemistry, biology and history. A new field of anthropology also develops, sponsored by Necotowance of Wicomico. This form of anthropology theorizes that all people groups descend from a set of common ancestors, and all derive from a single common language. These scholars send many diplomatic missions to Mikamaq, as they are convinced that the world's original language must be related to the Egyptian language. Other diplomatic missions of scientists are sent to the Aztec Empire, offering to study the developments of science and technology from the universities in Tenotchitlan. Further reinforcements and supplies are sent to our ally's war in Abenaki, and assuming the war is successful, we request the Mikamaq cede to us the Abenaki colonies in Britain as compensation for our support. A further 2,500 troops are sent to Ireland, supporting the High king to keep hold of the throne. The troops move across the island east to west, hoping to cut the rebel forces in two between the southern Munster and the northern Breifne. The rebels in the south are offered to be paid large salaries straight from the NPTC, hoping to win over their mercenary support to eliminate that faction of the civil war. In order to help secure the island of Ireland in the name of our ally Beothuk, we demand that Beothuk stop supplying the rebels in Munster, and to send their support to fight against the Iroquois. Help in our campaign in Ireland is also asked from our ally Ayiti.
  • Tibet: In 1651 King Tenki I is assassinated. The true culprit is never found but it’s suspected that it was organized by one of his jealous brothers or some upset nobles. There is a power struggle and several small battles in the ensuing chaos between his young son and his brother, with his son dying in the battle and his uncle falling off his yak into a ravine on his victory march to Lhasa. The Dalai Lama and his monastic faction attempt a form of bureaucratic coup in the chaos, but the royalist faction does not back down favoring King Tenki’s only other child, his 17-year-old daughter Amrita. After some more scuffling in the capital the monastic class is again subjugated, and the Dalai Lama is put under arrest in an isolated monastery not far from the capital and is under heavy guard. After all the ensuing chaos Amrita manages to gain the throne as Queen Amrita. She takes a powerful tribal lord from former Shigatse territory as her first husband, and then invokes the relatively common Tibetan practice of polyandry to actually take another husband, which is still considered scandalous and unorthodox as this is usually only common in the peasant class. She has two children at this time and, unexpected and unfortunate for those who wanted her in power to then manipulate her, she proves herself to be a strong-willed ruler and makes sure she always gets the final say in any matter. Expansion into OTL Arunachal Pradesh and the western parts of the plateau continues.
  • Miskito: The Emperor starts to begin a colonial Training school. The Emperor sends 10,000 trained soldiers to use the Miskitan tactics and 50 artillery, with their entire navy to blockade and invade Bannaba [Mod Response Needed]. The emperor sends some supplies to Mik'maq, Ayiti and Inywaxki.
  • Aztec Empire: Science, art and philosophy flourish in the metropolitan areas of the empire, especially the cities around lake Texcoco, but also regions like Huastec and Yopitzinco benefit from this. The students and scientists from Tenakomakah are welcomed, and the field of anthropology becomes popular. In Normandy, the generals get less and less patient. They have learned from their narrow success though, starting the exact same offense, but with heavier cavalry support. This time however, an offense from the south is started as well under false banners, to confuse the enemy. The Aztec settlers in the region are called to rise up against Innu oppression (MOD RESPONSE ON THE SUCCESS). To accomplish this, rumors are spread by Aztec spies in countless settlements, that the Innu attempt to purge the Aztec population. The warfare is now modeled to be lighter, quicker and more focused on capturing strategical important locations, thus 30 siege weapons are shipped over from the homeland with 1,000 special forces. The attacks are planned for an entire year, with a variety of alternative tactics and plans for retreat, if the prioritized happen to fail. SECRET The navy regroups in Moctezumacan and lets the evacuated soldiers rest for a while. In 1653, the 50 ships and 3,000 soldiers are split into five groups of ten ships and 600 men each, to land various naval invasions all over the Venell peninsula, two of them simultaneously at Coriallum (Cherbourg), the others either on the western or eastern shore of the Venell peninsula. These attacks are coordinated with the land forces, to establish defensive systems and connect the armies. END SECRET The central French regions face a massive military buildup, with 30 larger and smaller forts and defensive structures at bordering settlements in the frontier being build to deflect a potential invasion. The region of Aquitaine and Occitania are developed further. While the first one is now a hub for merchants, farmers and other settlers, Occitania remains largely native with the exception of a few urban centers, Narbona in particular. As vice-emperor Tlacaelel's daughter Aliénor Xochitl reaches an age at which she can be married, the Prince of the Provence is asked to marry his son to the vice-emperor's family, making the Provence an Aztec colony but with very large autonomy. The ruling family stays the same. (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). They are promised the same wealth and prosperity as Occitania faces under Aztec influence. In central France, more settlers found settlements and start cutting down the dense forests for farmland. This, however, does not occur in the south, where wine cultivation has priority. This craft is almost exclusively practiced by natives and then sold to the markets of the world via the NCC monopoly on imports and exports. This floods their vaults with gold. Another factor is the salt trade with the Frisians, for that purpose a trading colony is established on the Frisian island of Juist. The Island of Hawai'i is also more settled, having now 500 inhabitants. More voyages are sent out to the Pacific to map the region, yet the NCC nor the imperial court has much interest in the Pacific Islands.
     

Beothuk: The Mauritius expedition returns to port with good news. They have established a settlement on the island of Mauritius and bring a flightless bird before the queen. The queen immediately realizes it's the bird she has seen in her visions and begins establishing a religion for Beouthuk known as Dodoism. With the Mauritius expedition being a great success, many expeditions are launched establishing control over Reunion.

  • Wabanaki Empire: King Matntimg fears that his recent gains in land might be lost if he stretches on the war. Thus, he accepts the truce offered by the Iroquois, formally annexing Abenaki. After the wars with Maliseet and Abenaki, the Wabanaki Empire is declared, as most of the Wabanaki lands now lay in King Matntimg's hands after the recent war. The former Abenaki capital (wherever it was) is rebuilt in plans of making it a beacon of the Wabanaki Empire’s dominance over the city. Meanwhile, the road and aqueduct system spanning across the nation is extended to the newly conquered regions. A colony is founded in Djibouti (with the settlement located in OTL Djibouti City). The settlement is called Little Siknikt. In its initial years, the colony covers most of OTL Djibouti. Explorations are made along the Arabian coastline, in the Persian Gulf, along West and South India, and along the Sri Lankan coast. King Matntimg agrees to let the Powhatan look in Egypt in hopes for an answer to mankind’s origins, and decides to send his own investigations. (POWHATAN RESPONSE) King Matntimg and Queen Ishkueiatsheshu have provided the kingdom with its heir. (MORE TO BE PROVIDED NEXT TURN)
  • Kingdom of Warangal: King Prataparudra III recognizes the strange situation in which his nation now sits. The newly crowned King begins his reign with an offering to the Vaishnava and Shaiva preists of the temples of the capital city, Warangal. Diplomats are sent to the holdings of the Ayitians and Guarani to establish formal relations and to ensure that our nation will be recognized as sovereign over all of its territory, and to form the foundation for friendly relations in the future. A diplomat is also sent to the Tarascan Empire via its holdings in China to do the same. Attempts are to be made by these diplomats to obtain the weapons of smoke and lightning used by these foreigners for Warangal's use. (AYITI, GUARANI, TARASCA RESPONSE NEEDED) Prataparudra orders a survey of his Kingdom to ascertain all the resources he has control of, and how to utilize them effectively. He orders his generals to begin recruiting men to bolster the Kakatiya army for defensive purposes, as it has been neglected for quite some time.
  • Guarani Empire: Upon the conquest of the Chera kingdom the Guarani colonialism would be transformed from the control of a few coastal outposts to a fully fledged colonial empire and a large native population becomes ruled by them. To admnistrate the new conquered land the Guarani would adopt some aspects of the already present institutions, also preserving local nobility to some extent (akin to the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs). The admnistration would, however, also be reorganized in Kochi, the most defensible and promising of the port cities, which would be further expanded and become the center for all imperial affairs in India and beyond with mainland institutions being brought over to govern the land jointly with the adopted systems. The subjulgation of the native kingdom would also prompt missionaries of the one true Inti Faith to pour into the colony and begin converting the locals, many would adopt the deity of the mighty conquerors as yet another one of their gods, but the preachers would work to gradually subdue the old religions in favour of their own. The old Indian culture would be disregarded by the new rulers and temples, monuments, schools and books would be start being created or converted to teach and spread the Guarani culture and beliefs. The Caste System found in the new colony would be officially abolished by the colonists who deem it barbaric and unholy. However, the status of the so called Untouchables would endure and be ultimately exploited as they are made into forced labourers along with black slaves brought from Africa. The allied states of Chola and Pandya would increasingly grow distrustful of the Empire as imperial priests proselytize in their land, their people continue to die from plague and fear of invasion rises. The colonial government would take note of this and intensifies political meddling inside the kingdoms, which would eventually backfire. The local court in Kochi would welcome the envoys from King of Warangal and establish cordial relations, helping to further commercial interest in the region. Sensing Ayitian encroachment as a threat to the imperial monopoly the Guarani would counter their moves by also expanding into the spice lands of the far east and make official contact in 1649 with the Kingdom of Pahang and Srivijava native to Malay and Sumatra respectivelly, relations would be formed and the trade networks in India would be expanded to the rich Indonesian islands. In 1652 Imperial envoys would propose to the Kingdoms a commercial agreement and establish trade quarters in their capitals and specifically to the Pahang the creation of a Guarani outpost in the OTL island of Singapore, which would be currently barely settled, [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. Back on the mainland, the current Mburuvicha would be succeeded by Arandikatu II in 1647. The new reign would see new military reforms, started after the failure at the Guaycuru campaign, the Empire would see the adoption of even shallower formations of five or six ranks deep and more professional and lighter shock cavalry (like OTL Swedish cavalry of the 30 years war and Polish Hussars). Further the army as a whole would see an increase in professionalism with the increase in standards for command positions and the implementation of proper military academies for the upper class. The system of bastion forts would also be adopted and fortresses of the type would begin construction in the northern borders of the country.
  • Tongva: (More to be added) The Kingdom of the Delta would continue its exploration of the west, creating numerous trade posts and outposts on minor islands of the western sea. After the earlier expedition of 1620 led to a disastrous meeting with the natives of Hawaii, another expedition would arrive in 1623, accompanied by a number of armed soldiers. The expedition would arrive at Kealakekua Bay, near where the captain of the first expedition had been killed, and open fire upon the locals, seemingly avenging the attack against the earlier Deltans. The leader of the expedition, Mą́łitöva, would then disembark and search the island on land, where he encountered a ruling queen named Kalanikauleleiaiwi, who had been enemies with the culprit behind the earlier attack: Chief Heulu. Finding her to be more agreeable to their demands, Mą́łitöva’s contingent of a few hundred men would aid her in consolidating the northern one-half of the main Hawaiian island. Kalanikauleleiaiwi would die in 1628 of disease, leaving behind her son Kamanawa as king. Mą́łitöva would construct a settlement at Kona, which became a trading post for interactions with the local Hawaiians. Additionally, in 1629 he would lead an expedition of 300 Deltans and 1,000 Hawaiians against the island kingdom of Oahu, hoping to expand the Delta’s influence to the western one-half of the Hawaiian islands. The city of Honolulu would be transformed into a trade post as well, with the nearby western harbor becoming the location of a Deltan fort. During this time several scholars would accompany expeditions to the islands, with the language and culture of the islands being studied and recorded. The Deltan language and religion would be taught to the islanders as well, with a mix of the native Hawaiian language and the Deltan language often being used in Honolulu. The Deltan expansion in the region would not go unchallenged, as the Tongvans also followed their lead. In 1625 the Tongvans would reach Polynesia, where they settled the colony of New Puvunga at OTL Papeete, Tahiti. A brief trade war would erupt between the two nations, that primarily consisted of naval engagements near the Baja peninsula. Notably, the former Chumash islands near Tongva would become Tongvan definitively, while in Polynesia a small proxy war was fought between the Tongvan-allied natives of Tahiti and the Deltan ally of Bora Bora. In 1630 a minor expedition would be launched by the Tongvans to disrupt the colony in Hawaii, which led to a brief Tongvan colony on Maui, however, this colony would be destroyed only a few years later. The arrival of the Aztec at Hawaii in the 1640s further complicated the situation on the islands, as they found various local chieftains turned warlords, armed with weapons from the westerners’ wars. Initially both the Aztec and the Deltans would coexist; Nahuatl was commonly spoken among both communities, as the Aztec faith was not uncommon among the Deltans. The nominal ruler over the island Hawaii, Kamanawa, would travel to Shuhthagi Ki:him personally, hoping to learn more of the foreigners and reach a diplomatic agreement, but he would die of disease while in the city several months later.
  • Inywaxki (Inyw): Peace is accepted with the Nashikû-Kaumikunimit [Iroquois] in conjunction with the Nashikû-Matshinnu [Mi'kmaq]. Twelve Mashieus [15,360 troops] are sent to put down the revolt by Pamiuq, promising the masses lasting peace after this revolt is put down (War Algorithm Requested). Inywaxki assumes control over the Abenaki colonies in Tshishtashkamik [Europe] after an agreement with the Nashikû-Matshinnu [Mi'kmaq] (on discord). In exchange for defending the colonies, ITAU is handed over control of the newly aquired territories. Infrastructure is built to southern reaches of Inywaxki, and dominance over the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River] continues to be asserted. Shipbuilding continues to be a large industry in Inywaxki, and Kepek [Quebec City] grows in prominance as one of the most populous Inyw cities driven by the shipbuilding industry there and the avalibility of fertile farmland in the area, only behind in population from Notiskuan [Anticost], Uashau [Sept-Îles], Kuujjuaq [Kuujjuaq], and Sakami [Sakami].
    • ITAU (Inyw Colonial Company): Three Mashieus [3,840 troops] are maintained to defend against the Aztec threat, and if little losses are taken, gain land (War Algorithm Requested) along with another three Mashieus [3,840 troops] invading Belgae lands (War Algorithm Requested). Peace with the Aztecs is requested, although the Aztecs would pay reparations for inciting a pointless war, and the peace would not involve the Belgae. Two Mitshetus [16 ships] continue to attack the Dutch-Aztec salt trade, gaining money from both the reselling of the items as well as increased profits to boast to investors. To cement dominance over the former Abenaki colonies, the ships are sent to take charge of the strategetic Tapatanapishkau [Isle of Man]. These ships are also sent to assert ownerships over the smaller port city of Dublin.
  • Cree Empire: Legislation is introduced further enforcing the practice of assigning surnames, thus cracking down on tax evasion (both intended and unintended) and further augmenting government revenue. In addition, a census is conducted. A total population of 5,164,583 persons of Cree ancestry (as non-Cree are not counted) is determined, of which only one-tenth reside within urban areas. The Three Cities (consisting of Sīpiscuascosia, Osāwacesis, and Osāwecin) has a total population exceeding ~250,000; this is followed by Wapiseu (~100,000) and Port Escopeiac (~50,000). A staunch rationalist, Ayatascisiw begins to lose faith in the Church of Cahokia, though unlike her contemporaries she rejects any form of organized religion and instead becomes a deist – believing in an omnipresent but ultimately impersonal version of the Great Spirit. Meanwhile, triumvir Pechicateu joins the cult of medicine-man Cacewistahau, financing the construction of religious buildings and donating large sums of money to their activities; this garners criticism as it violates the policies of secularism and religious tolerance (to accommodate both the members of numerous heterodox sects and the Church of Cahokia). While this cult receives a moderately large following due to its egalitarian and humanist beliefs – with conversions from all spectrums of society – it still remains largely underground due to local opposition; for example, basilicas and cathedrals that are used for mainstream sects could be appropriated to their use during the safety of the night, though this practice rouses further suspicion. Aside from this, she also presides increased trade with Mesoamerica, as well as the financing of increased bilateral trade with the Incas. The latter manifests itself in the introduction of potatoes, though due to their foreign nature and the abundance of soils, potatoes remain a rarity. Similarly, as Manominac's health begins to deteriorate, Ayatascisiw begins to expand her role in governance. Not as active or extroverted as her two cousins, she instead spends her time studying literature. As a result, she enthusiastically expands projects developing education and promotes prose fiction, as opposed to poems. Like Pascus, she also interested in botany, zoology, and foremost, the emerging field of medicine. She preaches the merits of bathing frequently (and in sweat baths) and colon-cleansing (through enemas, and the consumption of fibrous foods); which she considers the pinnacle of good health. She also pioneers a method of Caesarean section (with a higher rate of survival on behalf of the mother) and a potion (from a mixture of various herbs) which induces labor. She also constructs a national observatory to monitor and analyze the movement of celestial bodies.

1655-1660

The Powhatan attack in Ireland results in a Powhatan defeat, with the Iroquois and their allies successfully defending the island, and also advancing to seize the formerly Abenaki colony at Dublin. The Powhatan suffer 480 casualties, the Powhatan allies suffer 850 casualties, the Iroquois suffer 220 casualties, the Greenlanders suffer 90 casualties, and the Iroquois allies suffer 710 casualties. After this victory, the Iroquois propose a peace offer to the Powhatan, in which the Iroquois are granted ownership over all Powhatan or Abenaki colonies in Ireland, while the Powhatan are granted dominion over England, and are aided in seizing the last Abenaki colonies in England (e.g., the Isle of Man).

The Iranian pastoral people of Ecbatana adopts enough technology from overland trade with the Near East and America, to begin rapidly-expanding over the Iranian Plateau. Within a few years, they manage to capture the city of Anshan, and proclaim a new dynasty of the Persian Empire. Likewise, the Hittites manage to unite much of central and southern Anatolia. The Hittites come into contact with the Cherokee, who negotiate for the seizure of several port cities from the Hittites.

The Aztec attack in Normandy results in a decisive Aztec victory, with the city of Coriallum (Cherbourg) and the nearby peninsula being captured. The Aztecs suffer 310 casualties, while the Innu suffer 680 casualties. The attack against the Belgae by the Innu is successful, with the Innu suffering 400 casualties, and the Belgae suffering 1,810 casualties. The Belgae call the attack unprovoked, and call upon the Powhatan and the French to aid them against the attackers. Elsewhere, the nation of Provence refuses the Aztec offer.

The Miskito invasion of Bannaba prompts the anti-Miskito coalition to come to the nation’s aid, with an invasion taking place in northern Miskito. The Miskito invasion of Bannaba results in a Miskito defeat, with the Miskito suffering a total of 5,580 casualties, Bannaba suffering 1,380 casualties, and the two states north of Miskito suffering a total of 1,110 casualties.

Trade posts and settlements in India and Sri Lanka founded by Ayiti are attacked and destroyed, owing to the fiercely independent nature of the local tribes of the region.

The nation of Pahang agrees to allow a Guarani outpost at Singapore, but only if the Guarani fairly purchase the island for an exorbitant price in beads, clothes, and other goods.

To reiterate, although it was already crossed it, Beothuk do not discover Mauritius, as very few nations at this time have the capability or motive to explore the Indian Ocean, and you need to work on the appropriate research and form a rationale for doing so.

The Innu invasion of the north results in an Innu victory, with the Innu successfully quelling the rebellion. The Innu suffer 2,990 casualties, while the rebels suffe 3,840 casualties. The Swampy Cree reject the offer from the Innu.

  • Powhatan: Urbanized development builds up across the Island of Britain, expanding settlements in various places around Worke, Leerdoun and New Mattawoman as has been done for a very long time. With the peace deal made with the Iroquois, the Isle of Man is annexed, and built up with a new arsenal to be a strong naval site along the Irish Sea, taking complete command over any ships near the coast of Wales. With annexing the Abenaki colonies in Wales, NPTC declares officially to own the entirety of the region, and establishes forts across various strategic locations in Wales around the remaining Innu settlements. In light of our new peace deal, because of the heavy investments the Powhatan has put into Ireland while we administrated it, particularly support of the native Irish Kingdom who would much prefer a more liberal enfranchisement, the NPTC offers to exchange the colony of Ireland for our own colony in Galicia, the oldest settlement in the New World (MOD RESPONSE). Across the island of Britain, a military campaign led by Powtakah leads 8,000 troops to split into four coordianted armies, and annex every single smaller kingdom remaining on the island of Britain, now offiically named the island of New Powhatan. This campaign comes at a great cost to the sponsors of the NPTC, especially as this kind of campaign of consolidation of power over Britain has been accomplished successfully at least five or six times in the last 80 years, but every single time this has not been adequately reflected by official map makers, and instead sponsors the random infiltration of foreign powers who had no right to the island whatsoever. Another financial crisis hits the investors of the Bank of Sicoke, feeling that their high invested business prospects in the potatoe industry in Ireland is now highly threatened by the Iroqoise. As a result of this total failure despite everyone working out the best possible strategy and tactics, Yohtakah is exiled in humiliation. He takes a large settlement of families stranded from the failure in Ireland and moves eastward, establishing a colony in Jutland around Holstein. 
  • Beothuk: Seeing the expansion of Powhatan into areas the queen considers rightfully Beothukian, a settlement is established in skåne to keep a close eye on the Powhatan colony there. We continue to expand our colony in western sahara with the population now reaching 3,344 there. In regard to the seizure of Abenaki's colonies in Wales by Powhatan, the queen demands that they hand them over or face war (POWHATAN RESPONSE NEEDED). To be prepared if they say no, 20,000 soldiers are readied on our border with their colony in Wales. As a precaution the siege gun is prepared for action and general mobilization is ordered. The army in Wales is to be led by Field Marshal Vero´nica who is known for her use of artillery and mobility. More to come, maybe). The troops in Wales defend Powhatan.
    • Powhatan would like to negotiate granting economic concessions of Wales to Beothuk to they can reap the benefits of the colony. However, we feel we cannot trust that Beothuk alone is capable of protecting the colonies in Britain in light of recent coalition wars in the region.
  • Tibet: Continues some expansion to the west and southeast. The queen declares war upon Sikkim and an army of 12,000 is sent to conquer it, initially by getting a strong foothold in its mountainous, northern territories and using it as a base to stage raids and mass assault into its south to subjugate it [MOD ALGO REQUESTED]. The Dalai Lama dies and a new one is found after a few years and begins its training, which also compromises the monastic class somewhat, allowing the royal faction to secure power of it.
  • Warangal: King Prataparudra III takes 15,000 soldiers on his inaugural campaign to conquer up the East Indian coast into Kalinga. The soldiers march on Vishakapatnam in a surprise attack in an attempt to conquer the city, with scouts patrolling the hinterlands of Kalinga along our border to ensure that we will not be flanked. Prataparudra sends out a decree that any Kalingan soldiers wishing to defect or surrender will not be harmed. (War Algorithm Requested) The diplomat sent to Guarani sends word that their control over their trade quarter in Masulipatnam is recognized by the King and will not be interfered with, and we offer the Guarani permission to set up a diplomatic mission in our capital city. Our efforts to court Tarascan support and cordial relations are redoubled (Guarani, Tarasca response needed). Messengers are sent into the less populated Gondwana/Chhattisgarh region in order to offer vassalization to some of the minor Nayaks in the region. Their kings will be asked to contribute their military resources to the wider Kingdom in exchange for our protection and access to our trade along the Andhra coast and Godavari and Krishna rivers. (Mod Response Needed)
    • Tarascan Response: We agree to lend support to the burgeoning nation of Warangal, and recognize their sovereignty. We wish to establish trade relations with them as we have exotic goods as well as gold.
    • Warangal: Trade relations with the Tarascans are in our interests, and we offer them a modest trading post in the city of Vijayawada to help facilitate this. We have diamonds from the mines of Golconda and spices to offer this great foreign empire.
  • Miskito: The Emperor sends 7,000 soldiers to the North and south front. The emperor also sends the coalition an offer: Miskito pays reparations to each member of the coalition and the Empire won't to any expansion on the mainland for 50 years [Mod Response Needed].
  • Aztec Empire: The peace proposed by the ITAU is accepted, the NCC agrees to pay smaller reparations. It is demanded, however, that the formerly ceded territory is given back to the Aztecs, together with the Cherbourg peninsula (INNU RESPONSE PEASE). Since there are more settlers in central France, the potato production grows there. In the south, the Occitan population faces smaller growth, spreading out to the Provence. Tlacaelels army is stationed near the border, around 1,500 men, as a force to intimidate the Provence. in 1656, punitive expedition is launched into the region with 3,500 forces, seeking to show Aztec power and give the Prince of Provence a last chance to cooperate. It is the expressed will of the leadership to not do harm to any civilian. The colony of Juist grows slightly, and the expeditions to Holstein make contact with a surprisingly large settlement of the Saxons called Haithabuwhich has around 1,500 inhabitants and is the largest known native settlement east of Näi Rungholt. A trading outpost is created on the Island of Sylt, not far from the Powhatan settlements. Science and art flourish. The Hawaiian settlement grows slightly, with many defensive structures being constructed, due to the fact that the islands are effectively in a civil war.  
  • Tarascan Empire: We improve gold mining techniques as well as expand the industry, as many Chinese nations place a high value on this metal. We ask for trade relation with other American nations, as we have tons of resources from Asia (DM me for details). We accept the trading post at Vijayawada. The school for military strategy is specialized, creating more specialized generals, improving our military effectiveness.
    • Apatzaru: With much of our infrastructure destroyed in the Minyue attacks six years before, much of the ruling class decides that this is an opportunity to improve the infrastructure of the colony. Walls are now made of packed earth around a pile of stones supported by wooden poles. A road is built around the coastline. A policy is implemented, where the Minyue communities are treated the same as Purepecha ones as ~65% of the population is Minyue. However, most of the lower class is Minyue, as many of them are rice farmers in the new territories. Sewer systems are built for major cities, Purepecha and Minyue.   
    • Pukutapuomikua: Four warships (Check out my ship turn ten years ago) with 220 soldiers each are sent to the Jakarta Area, attempting to seize the area (MOD RESPONSE). Assuming the campaign is successful, then walls will be built and negotiations made to secure the area.   
  • Wabanaki Empire: King Matntimg declares war on the Kingdom of Small Cilicia, citing the Cilicians' refusal to cooperate with him as a casus belli. He sends a fleet of eight ships to attack a Cilician port, hoping to capture a beachhead. (MOD ALGORITHM REQUESTED) He also begins a campaign against the Iberian tribes that have not been subjugated by the Lenape, hoping to consolidate power in what little territory in Iberia has not been conquered by the Lenape. He sends 2,000 men against the Cantabri. These forces consist of 1,000 infantrymen, 600 cavalry troops, 300 artillery troops, 90 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGO NEEDED)  
  • Inywaxki (Inyw): An era of peace and prosperity arises, with other companies seeing the success of ITAU selling stocks and start doing the same. This boost in economic growth would last at least another decade, and shipbuilding along the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River] continues to grow. The relatively fertile soil near Kepek, along with its important location on the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River] leads to it overtaking Sakami [Sakami], making it the third most populous city in Inywaxki.
    • ITAU (Innu Trading and Colonial Company): The NPTC is offered a trade of possessions, with Mikuau Ashtamishet [Pembrokeshire] being ceded to the Tenakomakah, in exchange for Kery, along with the Tenakomakah reonuncingg claims to the Isle of Man (Tenakomakah Response Requested). To drive out the Aztecs, four Mashieus [5,120 troops] are sent to counter the Aztec invasion of the peninsula (War Algorithm Requested), while three Mashieus [3,840 troops] continue to drive into Belgae territories (War Algorithm Requested). The Ush mak Shiutau program continues, with ships being raided from a base in the Isle of Man, helping to sustain the troops fighting on the mainland, and increasing support from investors. Provence is given guns and aid to help drive the Aztecs out, and the French rebels in eastern Aztec France are asked to aid the Innu (Mod Response Requested).
  • Cree Empire: Manominac experiences recovery in health. However, she continues to suffer from chronic issues such as asthma, carpal tunnel syndrome, and previous injuries in her knees and ankles inhibiting her ability to walk over long distances. Despite this, she still remains the most foremost triumvir, declaring that the Cree shall be "restored" to their former glory through the execution of sweeping programs. She institutes several restrictive laws including a ban on alcohol (with the exception of mead; though it has to be consumed in a dilution), the establishment of a dress code for civil servants, and regulation of nighttime activities. In addition to these, she expands the Office of Complaints; she uses this body to prosecute officials accused of corruption and abuse of power, thus ensuring a high level of merit and professionalism within the increasingly-important civil bureaucracy. She also addresses the emergent political dynasties by unilaterally implementing a controversial law forbidding an individual of the same clan from assuming an office. Her reforms, while controversial, fail to affect their popularity; this could be attributed to the lack of enforcement (especially within rural areas) and the speed by which the legislation is implemented resulting in numerous legal loopholes (which are exploited). The clause on alcohol is viewed by Pechicateu and her allies as a jab directed toward her, alluding to the popular conception of her being immoral (and thus either a whore or a drunkard, or both) – especially within the provinces. This suspicion is also supported by the fact that the law was implemented following a highly-publicized altercation between the two in which Manominac accused the latter of negatively-influencing Ayatacisciw (who emerged from the party drunk after just two drinks), prompting Pechicateu to criticize her purportedly "fake" image – accusing her of being weak-willed (blaming her sicknesses for her past failures instead of assuming responsibility) and overly-prude due to her own lack of "life experiences". While the pair eventually reconcile the following week, it permanently harms their trust within each other and marks the beginning of an increased rift between them. To avoid Manominac, Pechicateu begins to go on yearly trips (under the guise of diplomatic missions) to the Aztec Empire, where she becomes further enamored with Mesoamerican history and culture. With her reputation remaining intact, Ayatacisciw focuses on establishing the Board of Foreign Affairs, with the Board of Rites no longer charged with receiving foreign missions. Pechicateu enthusiastically encourages militarization. For example, she codifies and refines the military tactics and doctrines that were espoused by Pascus – in-particular its incorporation of firearms, reliance on mounted infantry (replacing the role of light cavalry), and shock tactics. Flint-locks start to be produced in large quantities, displacing earlier mechanisms such as the snaphance and the wheellock which are more expensive to manufacture. Polearms are also largely replaced (with the exception of lances, to be used while en-mount): the primary weapon of choice for melee becomes a sword (often a rapier or a saber), while shock is inflicted with bayonets. An invasion of the Salteaux is ordered, with the triumvirs justifying the sudden conquest using the idea of "Cree maternalism" – in which the Plains Cree have a special place in uplifting fellow Cree, as well as other peoples.


  • Kingdom of Ayiti: The Ayitian East India Company is pushed out of Lanka, the Maldives, and Quelimane about as quickly as they arrived. Because of the costs incurred by such expensive expeditions, the Company's fortunes begin to wane, and by 1655, the Ayitian government has become involved. Fearing retribution, Company officials scramble to turn some profit. They send a modest expedition (numbering only five ships) to the eastern islands. Piloted by the skilled navigator Iruepa, the fleet manages to avoid both inclement weather and Guarani patrols long enough to reach Malacca and procure what would amount to an immense profit in cloves, nutmeg, porcelain and silk. Unfortunately, Iruepa's fleet is beset by pirates and storms on the journey home. Against all odds, he makes it back to Ayiti with two fewer ships and only one-half of the Malaccan cargo. Still, the profit of the expedition is enough to change minds in the courts of Ayiti. Rather than disband the company, the king splits it into three divisions: the Company of Cacimare-East, with headquarters at Inhambane; the Company of the Indus, with headquarters at Diu; and the rump East India Company, based in mainland Ayiti.

1660-1665

The invasion of the Cantabri and northern Iberia by the Wabanaki Empire is successful, with the region being captured. The Wabanaki suffer 440 casualties, while the Iberians suffer 2,490 casualties. As a result of the war, only the nations of Astures and Vaccaei remain as independent native nations in central Iberia, with both nations seeking support from the Powhatan of Galicia, and the latter also attempting to form good relations with the Lenape. Elsewhere, the attack against Cilicia by Wabanaki is successful, with the coast being seized by the Wabanaki.

The attack on Vishakapatnam by the nation of Warangal is successful, with the region being captured. The nation of Warangal suffers 2,380 casualties, while the defenders suffer 4,190 casualties.

The Isle of Man is successfully taken over by the Powhatan after their peace treaty with the Abenaki and Iroquois. However, the Innu arrive on the island claiming to have acquired the island and other territories. The inhabitants of the island fight back, killing the Innu governor and many of his men, and capturing one Innu warship. The attack against Dublin is also repulsed by the Iroquois, causing the Iroquois to form an anti-Innu coalition, which consists of themselves, the Pennacook, the Mississaugas, and the nearby Cree nations. The Iroquois also send support covertly to the Belgae and Aztec.

The nations of central America accept the peace offer sent by the Miskito, and withdraw their armies out of the Miskito nation.

The Aztec attack in Provence is successful, with the Aztec suffering 290 casualties, and the natives of Provence suffering 11,890 casualties. Despite this, the King of Provence refuses to surrender, and using guns supplied by the Innu, orders his inhabitants to continue fighting.

The Innu invasion of the Aztec colonies in France is successful, with the Innu capturing Normandy back and advancing into the west. The Innu suffer 590 casualties, while the Aztec suffer 810 casualties, and the loss of numerous civilians. The Innu invasion against the Belgae is also successful, with the Belgae suffering 1,100 casualties, and the Innu sufferint 410 casualties. The Innu successfully advance along the coast up to the Powhatan border.

The invasion of Sikkim by the Tibetans is successful, with the nation being captured by the Tibetans. The Tibetans suffer 1,220 casualties, while the defenders of Sikkim suffer 2,010 casualties.

The Western Cree invasion of the Saulteaux is successful, with the nation being captured. The Western Cree suffer 5,190 casualties, while the Saulteaux suffer 8,940 casualties. The invasion also motivates the other Cree nations to renew their previous coalition against the Western Cree.


  • Powhatan: Fortifications are built up on the Isle of Man, and the navy works of securing control for the Irish Sea. Settlements continue to build up around the island of New Powhtan (Britain), as more immigrants and rising birthrates help to replace the dwindling native population. African slaves continue to be imported for cultivating corn and wheat fields. The colony of Jutland continues to expand, taking on the entire region of Kiel, while the Lowlands colony expands somewhat but has since slowed down. The alliance with Asturias is accepted, as long as they agree to fall under suzerity of the Galicia company, and 2,800 troops are sent in support of their defense. A deal is offered to the Innu, to exchange our colonies in Wales for Ireland, so we can secure control over Wales while the Innu can be firmly expand in Ireland. 
  • Warangal: The now 13,620 strong army marches on up the Eastern coast, now attacking the town of Srikakulam. Defenders are given the choice to defect to the Warangal army and join our cause or be annihilated in the defense of their town. In celebration of our victory in Vishakapatnam, Prataparudra III has formally announced the creation of a Hindu League centered in Warangal. This confederacy is meant to unite the tribes of the region under one banner so as to ensure mutual protection. A messenger is sent throughout Chhattisgarh to convince the Gond kings to join Warangal in the League, with our victory at Vishakapatnam used as propaganda and a subtle threat. The King also offers refuge to the beleaguered people of the Tamil country who wish to flee religious imperialism from the foreigners, giving them a place to settle on the borders of our land in return for their men serving in our army. (MOD RESPONSE REQUIRED)The plunder from Vishakapatnam is to be distributed as alms to the poor of the city, and some officers are to be left behind to ensure the city does not suffer under our military occupation. Elsewhere, Vijayawada is to be slowly transformed into our main trade hub due to the presence of such nations as the Tarascans. Our diplomats to the Tarascans are to negotiate with them for access to firearm technology so that our armies may be the greatest of all the Hindu tribes. An emissary is also sent to Tibet to make contact with that empire and to establish friendly and cordial relations, as well as to inquire as to the ideal extent of their conquests. (Tibet and Tarascan responses needed) Along the way, this emissary is to make a detailed report of the lands on his route so that we may know more about our neighbors in the region.
    • Tarascan Response: We agree to give the Warangal firearm technology, for a sum of rare spices only grown in Warangal. 
    • Warangal: We accept the deal presented by the Tarascans. As a token of our appreciation, a cut diamond is presented to the empire as a gift. 
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: Ayitian merchants on the coast of East India offer a trading agreement with the Warangal state. They request to conduct commercial affairs with Warangal through the port of Kakinada.
    • Warangal Response: We will allow the Ayitians to set up a trading post/quarter in Kakinada, if they agree that Warangal will be their sole trading contact in Southern India. This means that we are the only native power they would be able to do business with.
    • Ayitian Diplomacy: The merchants reply that they will show Warangal preference over rival powers by not trading with the nations it's opposed to. Additionally, they promise to embargo Warangal's enemies in times of war.
    • Warangal Response: We accept this arrangement and look forward to further cordial relations with the Ayitians.
  • Tarascan Empire: The musket ball is made smaller, to decrease loading time. However, it decreases the accuracy of the gun. To compensate for this, bayonets are developed and produced. Some guns have rifling grooves in them, which makes them more accurate than any other gun in the world. The only problem is, is that they take much longer to load, so they are used very little in warfare.
    • Apatzaru (Tarascan Continental Asia): We learn the arts of silk and production and Asian lacquer from the Baiyue natives, increasing the amount of money in the nation's coffers. Numerous books are written in Baiyue, some of which document the early history of the people, some others are translations of books in Purepecha. Some of these books were written by a Baiyue native, Gôan Siau. An invasion consisting of 925 men supported by two warships is made to conquer the lands separating our holdings in Fujian from our holdings in Guangzhou. Many rice plantations are informally run by Baiyue natives, as they are more experienced in this industry. An expedition to the north is authorized, discovering nations in OTL Korea and Japan (MOD RESPONSE).  
    • Pukutapuomikua (Tarascan Maritime Asia): One-fifth of the soldiers sent to Jakarta remain there, and their families are sent to the colonies, increasing the population to 364 people. Meanwhile, many displaced Baiyue from China are sent to the Spice Islands for work.  
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: Tinima is crowned Queen of Ayiti in 1660, after a lengthy debate over the succession of Manicato II. For three years, she reigns in peace, stabilizing the realm, balancing its economy, and building up its infrastructure. Additionally, she tries to improve relations with the Guarani, the Arawaks, and the Mesoamericans. In 1663, however, her right to rule is challenged by a group known as the Provincialists. The Provincialists argue against the absolute power of the monarchy and the weak, ineffective system of represenatative councils established by Aucamar II a century earlier, instead advocating a return to provincial autonomy. Among their ranks are many dissatisfied burghers, merchants, soldiers, clergy, judicial officials, and lesser nobility. They are opposed by the Royalists, a reactionary group composed of supporters of the Ayitian Crown and its primacy over all institutions on the island. The Provincialist cause is led by Tumben Jelique, a nobleman and talented general, while the Royalists are headed by Queen Tinima herself. The resultant civil war quickly engulfs the island.
  • Miskito: After the coalition war, the Emperor sends 1,000 soldiers and their families to OTL Port Morseby and 500 soldiers and their families to settle North East OTL Papua New Guinea. The Emperor also sends 2,000 soldiers and their families to settle South New Zealand Island. This makes the Emperor also make an offical Claim [If any Objection repond].
  • Wabanaki Empire: King Matntimg continues his war against the Cilicians. Gathering troops from the Wabanaki colonies, he sends a force of 8,000 men to attack the Cilician capital of Tarson (OTL Tarsus). The expedition is led by a general named Melgita't. Melgita't's army consists of 4,000 infantrymen, 2,000 artillery troops, 1,800 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGORITHM NEEDED) The vassal state of Passamaquoddy is formally annexed into the Wabanaki Empire. Meanwhile, integration of the recently annexed territories is carried out. The Abenaki University is renamed into Penobscot University, and books in the university's library are transcribed into Mi'kmaq while new books are added. Meanwhile, scholars in Penobscot University begin teaching the Mi'kmaq language. The Grand Temple of Qonasqamkuk (Qonasqamkuk was the former Passamaquoddy capital) is built, which sports an impressive domed roof. Meanwhile, the royal palace in Mniku undergoes a massive renovation. The Mniku Amphitheater is built, which stands as a monument to the baroque era in Wabanaki. Amethyst deposits are discovered and subsequently mined in Egypt. King Matntimg reaches out to the Hittites for an alliance, citing their common goals against the Lenape. To sweeten the deal, he promises to support them in war in exchange for a few trade ports. The Hittites will be allowed to trade at these trade ports for a lower fee than other nations. The Hittites are offered exclusive trade deals, and if they accept, they will be paid handsomely with a considerable amount of gold, amber, gems, and slaves. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Inywaxki (Inyw): Economic growth continues throughout Inywaxki, with the lumber industry continuing to supply the growing shipping industry along the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River]. Although traditionally lacking in foodstuff other than crops grown on the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River], produce from the colonies helps to greatly decrease the cost of food in the north. Due to this, traders make routine trips to Kuujjuaq. Most of these traders settle down in Kuujjuaq, marrying women from the vicinity. Kepek continues to grow in size, maintaining its spot as the third most populous city in Inywaxki. The threatening alliance of the Uakatamu Inywaxki Uitapeua (UIU) [Anti-Innu Coalition] leads to increased naval presence on the Naneuepanuat [St. Lawrence River].
    • ITAU (Innu Trading and Colonial Company): The deal with Tenakomakah is accepted, but asking that ports in Pembrokeshire be avalible to Inyw ships, in exchange for Kery being availible for Tenakomakah ships. The Ush mak Shiutau program continues, plundering Aztec-Dutch trade ships. Investors also grow exponentially due to the success in the Ush mak Shiutau program and the revenue trading for crops on the mainland makes. A large naval presence is maintained in the Irish Sea as well as the English Channel to allow shipping lanes to be plundered (Aztec merchant ships) or protected (Inyw merchant ships). The invasion of the Belgae and the Aztecs continue, with four Mashieus [5,120 troops] taking as much Aztec land as possible (War Algorithm Requested), and another three Mashieu [3,840 troops] taking as much Belgae land as possible (War Algorithm Requested).
    • Access to the ports are accepted - Powhatan
  • Beothuk: A massive expedition in Sweden expands our colony in Sweden so it connects with our colony in Malmö. To show the Powhatans not to cross the Strait of Denmark into Sweden, Fort Beothuk is started being constructed and will be finished in ten years. After a series of misunderstatements with Powhatan, Queen Kira I wishes to repair the relationship with Powhatan so she invites the king of Powhatan to visit the capital of Beothuk. (POWHATAN RESPONSE NEEDED).
    • We accept - Powhatan
  • Aztec Empire: When the colonial government in Mectezumacan receives the message of the last bastion of the Innu near Normandy being captured, the NCC and the Imperial Army send out their navy to destroy the pirate fleets of the Innu. A new type of ship is established, larger than anything that the navy has ever seen: a ship with 300 canons and ten mortars on the deck of the ship. This ship needed the labor of an entire city for over a year and immeasurable amounts of wood and iron, it is named after the goddess of the hurricanes and storms Atlacamani. This ship is sent to the Norman shores, surrounded by regular sized ships to bomb the Innu ports and fleets, to destroy the pirates as well. This armada carries 5,000 soldiers, to replace fallen and wounded men. With them come also siege weapons and supplies for a campaign in Normandy for over two years. SECRET Another invasion of the Cherbourg peninsula is planned with the army once again, but this time the invasion will start from Brittany over the narrow bay that both peninsulas border. 4000 men are prepared for an invasion, 500 men for each ship The invasion of the colony itself is centered around the southern border, with the allied tribes of Limousin and Gascogne as support. Since the settler population is now large enough to raise around 3000 men, these well trained troops will attack. Iroquois aid is welcomed. An envoy is sent to the Belgae, to coordinate attacks against the Innu together END SECRET The administration  cares about a large-scale establishment of defensive structures. The majority of the troops in the Provence are pulled back into French lands, the border around the Provence, however, is heavily guarded. Meanwhile, a letter is sent to the Margrave Jaon II., of the County of Nissa, who are everlasting rivals of the Provence. He is asked for a formal alliance and promised to be under Aztec protection when he helps with the conquest of the Provence (MOD RESPONSE PLEASE). The Provence is also cut of from sea trade, in order to keep smugglers and military convoys from supplying them with gunpowder or weaponry. The mortar canon is also used widespread on the battlefields around this area, especially to siege out forts or, in larger sizes, to attack enemy camps. The modernization in the Empire continues, with the costa rican areas facing massive modernization measures. One prince in particular represents the region at the imperial court, the Tlatoani of the Boruca people, Itzcoatl IV. In his twenties, he has already studied two foreign languages and is a major figure in the NCC, yet he has no heir as of now and is unmarried.
  • Cree Empire: Ayatascisiw goes to the Andes. She also makes a book on agriculture, and investigates Cree agriculture and commissions several officials to find ways to improve it. Meanwhile, Manominac goes to sickness again. Pechicateu leads an offensive into the Swampy Cree. The country continues to grow wealthy with the development of industries, and the maturation of mixed agriculture (maize cultivation plus sheep and bison husbandry) and the growth of large estates owned by the aristocracy (comprising of plantations, mines, salt-fields, apiaries). Exports include woolens, linens, furs, leather, and tallow; in addition to increasing amounts of maple sugar, oils (from linseed and sunflower seed), mead, wax, and various woods (especially pulpwood and hardwood).

1665-1670

The Gondi people accept the offer from the nation of Warangal, agreeing to form a league with the nation. Many Tamil people also accept the offer from Warangal, settling in the south of the nation, while others turn to raiding and other opportunities, using rare amounts of Guarani equipment.

The Tarascan attack in China is successful, with the Tarascans suffering 400 casualties, and the Chinese suffering 5,410 casualties. In the aftermath of the war, a new generation of Chinese leaders come to power in the various nations bordering the Tarascans, who band together to defend against the foreigners, and begin looking strategizing against the Tarascans.

The attack on the city of Tarson (OTL Tarsus) by the Wabanaki Empire is successful, with the city being captured. The Wabanaki suffer 1,480 casualties, while the nation of Cilicia suffers 9,300 casualties. Elsewhere, the Hittites reject the offer from the Wabanaki, on account of having little to no contact with the “Lenape”, as opposed to the Wabanaki themselves, who have actively invading Anatolia. The demand that the Hittites cede cities to the foreigners angers the Hittite king, who begins to covertly support the Cilicians and other groups who are anti-Mi’kmaq.

The Aztec invasion of Normandy is successful, with the army from Brittany successfully capturing the western one-half of the Innu colony. The Aztec suffer 590 casualties, while the Innu suffer 910 casualties. In the east the Innu are repulsed from Belgae territory with minimal aid from the Iroquois. The Belgae suffer 810 casualties, the Innu suffer 590 casualties, and the Iroquois suffer 130 casualties. For this aid, the Belgae pursue a closer relationship with the Iroquois over the Powhatan. Despite surviving several battles at sea, the Aztec warship Atlacamani founders at port, after a mishap while in harbor.

The Cherokee launch a number of minor wars against the tribes neighboring their Moroccan colony. As a result the Cherokee colony is expanded both east and west, with the Cherokee also founding numerous minor trade posts along the North African coast.

The Western Cree invasion of the Swampy Cree is successful, with the nation captured by the invaders. The Western Cree suffer 14,340 casualties, the Swampy Cree suffer 13,100 casualties, and the other Cree allies suffer 8,730 casualties. The nations opposed to the Western Cree sue for peace, in which the Swampy Cree lands are annexed. In the meantime the Swampy Cree and their allies continue to fight against the invaders, with the defenders seeking an alliance with the Innu, Kalaallit Nunaat, and other nearby nations.


  • Tibet: Inftrastructure continues to be developed and refined. Expansion to the Southeast and West continues.
  • Miskito: The emperor Dies after 30 years and is succeeded by his son Jac'ea who renames Atl'iisa (Senegal) which makes New Atl'iisa (Oceania) just Atl'iisa. His reign is cut short to three years and he is succeeded by his daughter Edar'ca and she becomes the first empress. She claims East Australia [If any objections, respond here].
  • Warangal: The Gond and Tamilian peoples who have joined the Hindu League bring our total strength up to 20,000 men in the army. In 1666, 10,000 men attack up the coast in Srikakulam and another 10,000 attack Cuttack, both armies surrounding and then assaulting the towns, and both being equipped with firearms from the Tarascans. If successful, this would secure Warangalian control over Odisha, and would conclude Warangal's expansion for the time being.[Mod Algorithm requested] Messengers are sent to the Cholas and Pandyas between 1665 and 1670 offering them membership into the Hindu League under the same rules - namely, that their armies merge with those of the Hindu League (controlled by Warangal) at large. [Mod Response Required] The League is slowly to be reformed into a confederacy, with each kingdom being given some ruling power under the Warangal monarchy through a representative system. In 1668, following his observation of Tarascan and Ayitian ships in their respective trading quarters, Prataparudra III sends out a request to both nations to assist in the building of a Warangalian ship. Payment in the form of precious resources or gems is offered. [Tarascan, Ayitian responses requested] While it is not expected that this ship will be anywhere close in firepower technology or even capable of deepwater navigation, it would still add a major bonus to the nation's power. SECRET The remaining forces following the attacks on Srikakulam and Cuttack will mobilize for war. 1,000 are to be stationed secretly near Masulipatnam, overlooking the Guarani fort with cannons given by the Tarascans, and the other 19,000 split into a force ot 10,000 and a force of 9,000. In the event of war, the former will shadow Guarani movements from their Chera holdings into our territory and the latter will shadow their movements from their coastal invasions. All forces are ordered to avoid direct attacks and only attack against unprepared and small enemy groups. END SECRET
    • Tarascan Response: We agree to supervise some of the building.
  • Mayan Empire: We wish to unite the Mayan peoples. Our first step is to annex the nation of Ixil. In 1667, we declare war [MOD RESPONSE]. We accept a request for a formal Mesoamerican coalition. We also expand our fort in Nouadhibou and our settlement in Cacheu.
    • Wabanaki Diplomacy: We ask that the Mayan Empire joins in an alliance with the Wabanaki.
  • Aztec Empire: Fruitful invasions of the Innu colony brings the military administration one step farther, securing the already conquered territory with forts and establishing garrisons in the region. Mortar fire and cannon volleys, siilarly organized than the musketeer volleys support the troops in the battlefield. More than 6,000 troops are deployed, 500 of them in the logistical support. This adds up to 10,000 in all of Normandy, with extra grain imports from the Iroquois being requested (MOD/PLAYER RESPONSE PLEASE). SECRET An attack is planned from the west, where 3,000 men will cross the Orne river, while 4,000 will enter via crossing the Eure river in the south. The crossing of the Eure will be in the cover of the dark in the summer of 1667. The crossing of the Orne, however, preceeds that by a month, in June, to function as a distraction. To inflict more chaos, a landing of 1000 troops at Etretat will function as another distraction at the same day the crossing of the Eure will take place. This plan including plans for a tactical retreat are developed since 1665. SECRET END As now Duchess of Occitania and wife of the vice emperor Tlacaelel, Anais I. ascends to the Occitan throne, the dynasty of Tlaxcalla-Narbona becomes the ruling family of Occitania. Since the marriage was popular among the natives and the Aztec influence was benefitial to them, she proposes a set of laws that would bind the Occitans closer to the Aztec system, as in the establishment of a centralized authority in the region, yet the region will still be very autonomous. A uniform tax system and the establishment of a series of forts along the roads is made, to make travelling safer in the region, especially for merchants who use the port at Narbona. Public baths in the tradition of the baths of Tenochtitlan are established all over the empire, including some areas of the colonies. This comes with the widepread use of soap also in the New World, however, the soap tree the Aztecs know does not exist here. Instead, ashes and oils are mixed with an aromatic herb, usually lavender or roses. It is mandated in all of the empire that the waste is picked up from the street and burned at a sight out of the city bounds. The men who work for this service are, dispite their work, respected for keeping the streets clean. This practice was already common in Tenochtitlan for decades, but now it arrives in other cities as well. The universities are expanded and art flourishes. Uniforms and flags for the regions of the empire and the provinces in the colonies are designed and re-designed. The official army uniform consists of black boots, a light-green blouse and brown pants. This is in addition of a black helmet. A new imperial flag is also adapted, depicting the "Sun of Mixcoatl" (a metaphor for the god of the capital city and the sun itself, Huitzilopochtli) in a golden color on a dark red backround. Inside the sun, the emblem of the empire is shown. the emblem is an eagle  fighting with a snake while he sits on a cactus. The export of minerals, manufactured goods like textiles and iron, agricultural products, wine and jewelry is very lucrative. To increase the economic power, an invasion of the Tzeltal Kingdom with 30,000 soldiers, war is declared in 1669 (MOD RESPONSE PLEASE). This becomes a training ground for new officers to experience the first taste of combat under the eyes of experienced officers and generals.
    • ‘’’Wabanaki Dip: We ask of the Aztecs to provide our troops in Cilicia some mercenaries.
  • Tarascan Empire: In order to further urbanize the Viceroyalty of Apatzaru, an ingenious plan is thought of and put into action. A major problem is that the economy of Apatzaru reflects Many burghers have skills which are much needed in Apatzaru and are not needed as much in the Tarascan Homeland. Many of these burghers are encouraged to go to Apatzaru, and many of them agree. The new influx of burghers creates new jobs which in turn enriches the colony in general, and it improves the lives of Baiyue natives and the Purepecha. A library at Patzcuaro is founded, which contains books on history, rhetoric, mathematics, science, philosophy, and general knowledge. Patzcuaro starts to shift into the limelight, overshadowing Tzintzuntzan although the Cazonci still rules from his great palace at Yahuarato hill. War is declared on the nation of Uza in he year 1668 and 30,000 troops supported by 16 light cannons are dispatched to the nation.(MOD RESPONSE) This invasion is used as a test to see which new officers are capable of positions in Apatzaru, where the situation is much more desperate. The entire campaign is supervised by a select few generals who are experienced in war.
    • Apatzaru: With a powerful Baiyue coalition strategizing against us, we look to defend our possessions in China. Walled cities and towns are more common, with the general structure of the walls being packed earth over piles of baskets with stones in them. Watchtowers are built, and forts are built in the mountain regions. Infrastructure development is faster, with the new merchant class. Hygiene is introduced to the Baiyue natives, which is mostly made of ashes and oils with some aromatic substance that mostly comes from tea leaves. Public opinion for the Tarascans increase in our colonies, as they are mostly seen as benefactors who introduced gifts to the Baiyue natives.
    • Pukutapuomikua: The settlement in the Spice Islands is expanded. 350 soldiers are sent to conquer the coast of Java from Jakarta to Tanara.
    • Warangal Diplomacy: We humbly ask the Tarascan Empire for a defensive pact. Our men will fight for their interests on the subcontinent, and their men will protect us in the same way.
    • Tarascan Response: We agree.
  • Beothuk: We continue to push farther into Sweden and establishing settlements and forts at important parts of the land. During a visit to our colony in Mauretania, Queen Kira dies suddenly after having finished her speech to the inhabitants. Her death is widely mourned by everyone as she was well knoen for her charity. She is succeeded by her Daughter Kira II who says that she will Honor her mothers legacy.
  • Wabanaki Empire: King Matntimg sends reinforcements to the troops in Cilicia. The 8,000-troop army led by Melgita't attacks the city of Sis next, seeking to take the city. This army consists of 4,000 infantrymen, 2,000 artillery troops, 1,800 cavalry troops, 190 elite soldiers, and ten siege weapons. (MOD ALGO NEEDED) He requests the Beothuk to provide troops to aid in his invasion. (BEOTHUK RESPONSE NEEDED) Meanwhile, an exploration is conducted around the rest of the Indian coastline and along the Burmese coast. A colony is settled in OTL Gujarat, with the settlement christened as Little Qonaqasmuk (OTL Kandla). ‘’’We offer to trade with the Persians. We offer our many rich trade goods and weapons to trade with the Persians. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)’’’
    • Warangal Diplomacy: We send a diplomat to the Wabanaki settlement in Gujarat, offering them a trading quarter in the city of Vizianagaram and permission to trade up the Godavari and Krishna rivers in exchange for a guarantee of sovereignty for Warangal and the member states of the Hindu League.
      • ‘’’Wabanaki Dip:’’’ We agree to the terms.
  • Guarani Empire: The Great Mburuvicha would look to avenge the defeat at the hands of the Coalition and having had the imperial military once again reorganised, would prepare for war. From experience in the past war the Guarani would know that defeating all of their enemies united would be impossible, thus his campaign would make use of defeat in detail to gain the upper hand. The emperor would also look for allies among the enemies of his enemies, Inviting the Aimore and Pataxo who are rivals of the Xakriaba to his side [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. The Expedition would start in 1662 with a swift invasion of the Temiminó  Kingdom with a total force of 16 Nemhedahs - 92,160 men - and 192 cannons, of those 13 would go by land and make use of their enourmous artillery core to demolish the enemy forts and march toward the capital, the remaining three Nemhedahs would be transported by the Guarani armada of 38 Ships of the Line and 42 converted vessels and assault the capital of Temiminós "Guaámbará" (Rio de Janeiro) with support of naval bombardment. While the invasion happens five Nemhedahs - 28,800 men - would protect the border with the Terena and Guaycuru using the previously constructed line of Bastion fortresses. After this swift and powerful blow, four of the regiments would be stationed to defend the occupied Temiminó lands along the Mountainous formation to the north, the rest would join the other five to the west. Eight more Nemhedahs would be raised and the force totalling 24 - 138,240 men - and 288 cannons would again invade the Guaycuru plains to the north. This time, however, the army would be split into three groups and use its higher mobility - granted by a larger ratio of cavalry and lighter artillery - to outmanouver the certainly large coalition force amassed in the territory, with this the Guarani would be able to pick their own battles and fight only when holding the upper hand, hopefully seizing control of the enemy nation [ALGO NEEDED]. The increasingly fragile relations between the Guarani and their previous Tamil allies, the Pandya and Chola would have broken and border skirmishes would become common place. With this the the government of the Indus colony would decide simply to conquer the states, The campaigning force would be composed of 5,000 Guarani soldiers, 13,000 Auxilliaries made up of converted natives and fighting slaves, 21 cannons and 43 ships. The expedition would first move against the Pandyas in a suprise attack by land on their capital of Madurai, which is close to the border and then move to take the remaining lands, and by sea on their major ports of Kollam and Thoothukudi. After capturing the mentioned the naval forces would move to take over Nagapattinam and Chennai from the Chola, while the land forces after crushing Pandya would march to take the Cholan capital and remaining territory with support of the freed up fleet. [ALGO NEEDED]. Envoys would be sent to the Warangal Kingdom requesting that they remain neutral in the war or face consequences [WARANGAL RESPONSE NEEDED]. If the Warangal are to join the conflict the forces would invade the kingdom after having secured and reorganised from the conquests. In the east indies the Imperial trade post founded in Singapore would quickly become a major trading port in and already rivaling the ancient cities of the region. From there the Guarani merchants would establish a trade network connecting all the Indonesian Archipelago and establish trading posts in Makassar, Teluk Ambom and Palu. The colonists would also begin meddling in local politics to gain economic advantages to themselves .Relations would also be established with the Majapahit, Ternate and Tidore and trade agreements and the creation of trade quarters are requested to all of them [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]
    • Warangal Response: If the Tamilian Kings wish to accept their alliance offer, we will honor the alliance. This defensive war would also force the hand of our allies with whom we have defensive pacts.
  • Powhatan: 5,200 troops are sent to conquer Northumbria and anything else in Britain for the sixth time. The colonies in Jutland are expanded across Schleswig-Holstein. Asturias is offered to become a protectorate of Powhatan. 
  • Kingdom of Ayiti: The Ayitian Civil War ends with the Provincialists seizing power after a decisive victory against Royalist forces on the fields of Marien. The Provincialists abolish the lesser councils and convene the first Provincial Council of Ayiti, a combined legislative body with near-complete control over matters of government. In the absence of a king or queen, the Council nominates Tumben Jalique to the position of Supreme Commander (We'ere), although this is an apolitical, military title. Tumben reorganizes the military based on the tactics successfully employed during the civil war, forming the island's first professional, standing army and adopting Mabo's line-battle techniques as part of everyday drills and formations. Light field guns replace heavier cannons as the core of the army's artillery, and flintlock muskets replace all earlier types of firearm. Meanwhile, the Provincial Council passes several laws for fair taxation of the provinces and adequate representation of the cities. The Council also approves a charter for the Macanike Company to govern the island of Amorotahe (Saint Helena). The governor builds a fortified town with houses and plantations, and imports slaves from Cacimare. Mauritius also sees proper colonization, with the first permanent settlers arriving here. At the same time, the East India Company faces ruin due to a lack of profits; its legacy thus far was a series of diminishing-return expeditions and ill-fated colonies. The collapse of the ÆIC hurts the other trading companies as well, limiting their ability to fund new expeditions and causing a reduction of the Ayitian presence in India. Colonization efforts move to the periphery of prominent sea lanes. Intimate knowledge of eastern lands is lost without regular contact. Beyond the Straits of Malacca, there are no accurate maps. The thousand isles are considered the realm of sea dragons. The Daman garrison grows like a slug; a ship arrives in Warangal once per year.
    • New Ayiti: Thankfully, the New Ayitian colonies are faring better than those in India. Large settlements become cities, and colonial rule continues to expand. Kyto, an explorer born on Caona (Crete) contributes greatly to exploration of the Mediterranean. He charts the myriad of islands in the Aegean Sea and notes the strategic importance of the Bosphorus Strait and the sites of potential ports in his thorough exploration of the Black Sea. Kyto's names for various islands and features are popularized in official maps, and Caona builds outposts at Alexandroupoli, C
  • Cree Empire: The Salteaux and the Swampy Cree are incorporated into the Cree Empire, though not before being partitioned into different provinces based on geographical boundaries. Two banners (~10,000) are stationed in the border with the eastern Cree to consolidate the integrity of the newly-established frontier. The veterans of the wars are granted generous land grants, while thousands of Salteaux (and other persons of non-Cree ancestry) are temporarily enslaved. However, due to growing opposition, the triumvirs decide to end slavery – with the exception of penal labor (which itself is restricted, in that the prisoners are still entitled to basic rights – and replace it with a system of serfdom. A law is established in which while Cree may hold property in perpetuity, non-Cree must pay a land tax for the government to recognize their claim over their land; otherwise, they are tied to the land (losing the right to mobility) and are placed under the guardianship of a landlord – thus becoming a dependent. Pechicateu is married to the Tlatoani of Boruca, Moyolehuani Itzcoatl IV – a member of the Aztec royal family. With him, she bears her first children – fraternal twins, both male – at the age of 35 years, substantially later than the average age of first birth. She names the first-born Pascus III – after both her maternal uncle (Pascus II) and her grandfather (Pascus I "the Great"), and names the second-born Miyicowisiwin II – after her great-grand-uncle, a famed High Chief and advisor of Acasqueiac "the Great". Due to political pressure, Manominac decides to marry her long-time lover Mawachisocan. However, after trying to bear a child, it has been determined by her personal physicians that she is barren – thus striking a blow to her popularity. Despite this, the couple is well-received by the public. Manominac's health begins to decline once again – exacerbated by the stress caused by her restrictive working schedule. As a result, her cousins allow her to take a six-month-long retreat from her obligations. While Manominac spends her time recuperating, her absence also provides the opportunity for the co-triumvirs to reassert their influence: Pechicateu within the military aristocracy, and Ayatacisciw within the "liberal" faction of the Grand Council. Upon her marriage, Pechicateu experiences a rapid shift in her public demeanor – becoming more conservatively-dressed and becoming more modest in conduct; both developments that have been praised by her critics and improve her public appeal. Pechicateu also becomes more religious – though this time, she condemns heterodoxy and pursues reconciliation with the Church of Cahokia. Around this time, stemming from discontent from both the ill-organized Ghost Dance movement (and other heterodox sects), and the distant Church of Cahokia, many religious leaders assert the Cree as wielding religious primacy – trying to bolster their claims with analysis of scripture. The economy grows due to the development of mixed agriculture (cultivation of maize and animal husbandry) and light industry. The putting-out system becomes the primary mode of production, fuelled by the augmentation of the mercantile class in size and role. The consolidation of land into large, contiguous estates (plantations, apiaries, salt-fields, mines) continues. Main exports include woolens, linens, furs, leather, and maple sugar – in addition to mead, various oils (from plant sources such as linseed and sunflower seed, as well as tallow), wax, paper, and hardwoods. anakkale, and the Golden Horn on his advice.

1670-1675

The Mayan Empire’s military campaign results indecisively, with no major battles taking place, with some Mayan soldiers being lost. (As has been previously announced, you have to provide information to do the algorithm to the mods.)

After initial expeditions lead to the claiming of OTL Kiribati, the Marquesas Islands, and the Cook Islands, the Inca successfully conquer or subjugate the natives of Samoa and the surrounding area. An Inca explorer named Titu Cusi also successfully reaches the eastern coast of Australia, and in a second voyage reaches Indonesia. In the east the empire takes further interest in reaching the other side of the continent by sea, and outposts are founded in the south of the continent, and on the OTL Falkland Islands.

A colony is established in northwest Jutland by the Kingdom of Nunavut, to compete with the Kingdom of Kalaallit Nunaat’s growing colony in OTL Norway.

After the king of the Mahicans dies without a direct heir, the Iroquois launch a brief war to enforce a claim to the nation, and incorporate the nation into the confederacy.

The Xalisco Empire successfully founds a colony in the OTL Pitcairn Islands, from which they explore west into the Pacific Ocean.

The Angles lead an invasion of the Powhatan colony in the Holstein region, seeking to retake and reunite their lands. The Angles are successful in razing a number of towns, however, in the east their disconnected territory is raided by the Warni people.

The invasions by the nation of Warangal against both Srikakulam and Cuttack are successful, with both regions being captured. The nation of Warangal suffers a total of 4,910 casualties, while the defenders of both regions suffer a total of 12,830 casualties.

The Wabanaki attack against the city of Sis is successful, with the city being captured. The Wabanaki suffer 1,040 casualties, while the defenders suffer 5,410 casualties. Elsewhere, the Wabanaki colony at Gujarat is attacked and razed by the eponymous kingdom. The Persians agree to trade with the Wabanaki.

The Tarascan attack against the nation of Uza is successful, with the region being captured. The Tarascans suffer 4,990 casualties, while the Uza suffer 8,100 casualties. The attack in Java is inconclusive, with the coast still remaining unconquered, with the Tarascans suffering 120 casualties.

The year 1666 becomes known as the “Year of Disaster” in Temiminó history, as the nation faces attack from the Guarani, and eventually the Aimore, who switch sides to oppose them. The Guarani invasion of Temiminó by land is stalled by rough terrain and constant harassment by enemy forces, while on sea the Temiminó remains a threat. At the Battle of Big Island, the navy of Temiminó manages to narrowly defeat the attackers, with the Temiminó navy suffering the loss of eight ships, and the Guarani navy suffering the loss of 12 ships.

On land the capital is taken by the Guarani, with the Guarani suffering 12,900 casualties, and Temiminó suffering 18,570 casualties, and the loss of numerous civilians. The remaining cities of the nation manage to repulse the Aimore in the north, but disillusioned with the failure of the republican leader Caramuru, they appoint Araribóia as Sovereign Prince. With the aid of their northern allies, Temiminó manages to force the Aimore out of the war and retain the eastern one-half of their territory.

The Guarani invasion of Guaycuru is successful, with the Guarani advancing north into enemy territory and capturing Guaycuru. The Guarani suffer 19,190 casualties, the Guaycuru suffer 13,200 casualties, and the other coalition armies suffer 14,990 casualties. By 1670 Guaycuru is defeated, Temiminó remains defiant, and the Guarani face counterattacks from the northern nations, and an invasion from the Wichí in the west.

The Powhatan attack against Northumbria is successful, with the nation surrendering fully to the invaders. The Powhatan suffer 540 casualties, while the Northumbrians suffer 3,100 casualties, and an exceedingly high number of civilian losses.

The Aztec invasion of the remainder of Normandy is successful, with the region being captured. The Aztec suffer 1,740 casualties, while the Innu suffer 2,310 casualties.

The Aztec invasion of the Tzeltal Kingdom results inconclusively, with the Aztec unable to capture the region. The Aztec suffer 4,190 casualties, while the defenders suffer 3,480 casualties.

The nations of Cholas and Pandyas accept the offer from the nation of Warangal.

The Guarani and the nation of Warangal engage at the Battle of Masulipatnam, which results in a decisive Guarani victory. The Guarani suffer 1,200 Guarani casualties, the Guarani allies suffer 3,810 casualties, the Warangal suffer 6,550 casualties, and the Warangal allies suffer 8,830 casualties.

  • Miskito: The Empress offically claims all Edar'casa OTL Australia [If any objection, respond]. She also sends Ayiti an offer for recognision for Jac'easas claim of the OTL Louga Region [Ayitian Responses needed]. The Empress allows the Beothuk royal family to stay in Miskito. The Empress also sends 500 pairs of soldiers and their families around OTL Australia and the rest of Papua New Guinea.
  • Tarascan Empire: A naval architect has fully designed a new type of ship, making it suitable for use in the navy. This new ship is quite slow, unlike our entire fleet, but is more nimble and is very sturdy. Its main deck is closed off by a protective covering, which is covered with spikes to deter boarding tactics. It is constructed in Jakarta in case of an enemy attack from the west. Meanwhile, hearing of the plea from the nation of Warangal, we send 500 Tarascan troops and 1,000 Baiyue Auxiliaries with ten warships from our colonies to the island of Singapore. We set off in the fall of 1671, right after the harvest, which would mean we would arrive during the winter monsoon, giving us the cover of mist. We are to arrive before dawn, once in the city we are to start the destruction. All ships in the port when we arrive are to be destroyed with cannonfire. Meanwhile, 2,250 Tarascan Troops and 5,250 Baiyue Auxiliaries with 40 warships are sent to land at Thiruvananthapuram. We then move around the coastline, through occupied Hindu League territory. We make it clear that we are here to liberate the Tamil, and defections to our side is encouraged. We are to destroy any small armies in the region, and flee into the safety of secured towns when a major Guarani army attacks us. Ambush and Division tactics will be used a lot in this campaign, assuming we run into a large Guarani force. We are to leave a small garrison force at every city we take, and we are to take as much food as possible into the cities we capture without severely angering the locals to withstand a Guarani siege. Our ships will be concentrated around the cities we take and coastal strategic Guarani sites. We extensively use our tactics of living off the land, refined by years of campaigning in China. We are at a numerical and geographical disadvantage, meaning that using Divide and Conquer tactics in the right way will be crucial to the outcome of this war. Assuming that one of our cities is being sieged by the Guarani and we cannot win, the army will leave in the dead of night, along with the navy, and relocate to a city where there is low Guarani presence in the area. However, we cannot use this tactic forever. Assuming that all of our cities are being sieged by large Guarani and we are low on supplies, we pack up all of our supplies and pack as many men as we can onto our ships and set sail for Warangal territory, where we will recuperate and serve on the front. (Note: warships are 40 meters long.)(ALL SECRET, MOD RESPONSE REEDED).
  • Beothuk: We continue our expansion in Sweden while also establishing a colony in OTL Vasa, Finland. Defenses are built in Western Sahara and the infrastructure there is improved. Queen Kira II inaugurates the University of Vinland where even the natives are allowed to study. It is the first school in Beothuk where male and female students study together in a single class. After being betrayed by their ally of Powhatan, Queen Kira II sees no other alternative then to surrender. After heavy negotiations it is decided that Beothuk cede all of their territory except West Sahara and Mauretania. The royal family relocates to Miskito and sets up Beothuk-in-exile in Western Sahara - now renamed to New Beothuk. The entire army and also 220,000 citizens are evacuated to New Beothuk.
  • Wabanaki Empire: The newly conquered Cilicia is being integrated into Wabanaki. Churches are replaced with Cahokian temples. A fort is built in Tarson to defend the city from invasions by either the Hittites or the Lenape. Fortifications are built on the border with the Hittites and the Lenape border. The fortifications are manned and an active naval presence is established in the region. A granary, walls, and housing are built in Tarson and Sis. Cotton cultivation is done in Cilicia. An exploration is conducted up the Irrawaddy River and along the coastline of mainland Southeast Asia. Barley and grape cultivation are imported to the Wabanaki mainland through trade. We request the Mayan Empire to join in an alliance with us. (MAYAN RESPONSE NEEDED
  • Powhatan: The colonies on the continent are built up with additional settlers and the Jutland colony pushes its borders farther north. Settlement in New Powhatan focuses in the new northern territory, where more African slaves are put to work constructing new towns and houses. Large universities are constructed in Oksfard and Worke. We support Innu in their war this era, and raise a large army toward their efforts. 8,000 troops aid their attack on the mainland, while 2,000 troops and 3,000 auxiliaries are raised to fight in the New World. 
  • Inywaxki (Inyw): Under Mishta Upikateu, Inywaxki will not stay idle but rise. Tshassi I dies in 1671, and Mishta Upikateu, wanting to cement his legacy, leads an invasion of the Beothuk for their colonies and the long sought after island they reside on.The Beothuk proposal of peace is accepted, with ownership over the island of Akamiassiss [Newfoundland] being taken. 5,000 troops are sent to secure the island in its entirety. Fort Beothuk is taken under custody with 1,000 men and is renamed to Fort Paishkuash, as well as the colony near Stockholm, being renamed to Mashtu Ishtuashu, and The colony near Vasa, Finland also being taken. The occupation of Ireland is left up to ITAU.
    • ITAU (Innu Trading and Colonial Company): 1,000 secure control over recently ceded Beothuk Ireland. Settlers displaced from Nrmandy go to the area around Oslo, hoping to set up a trading post with the natives of the region for fish and farmland.
      • Beothuk Response: The queen is outraged and sends the Welsh expeditionary force to reinforce Ireland.
      • Innu Response: The Beothuk are asked to remove the expeditionary force from Ireland in light of the peace arrangement.
      • Beothuk-in-exile Response: The Royal navy will evacuate them shortly.
      • Powhatan: We offer to make Beothuk-in-exile a protectorate of the Tenakomakah Kingdom, and we offer to give them a steady supply of money, corn, and construction resources to keep New Beothuk in Africa safe, and we will promise not to qyarter the military in urban centers. Our conditions: Beothuk grants military access in the territory of their colonies, and allows free settlement of Powhatan citizens in the territory of their colonies. This treaty will last for 25 years, and can be renewed if necessary.
      • Beothuk-in-exile Response: The queen agrees to the treaty and immediately abdicates in favor of her daughter who takes the name Queen Kira III.
  • Aztec Empire: With a hard fought victory in Normandy, the army of the Innu is expelled entirely, along with a large portion of the settlers. This includes the land-owning class and the emigrated nobility of the Innu. The average peasantry however is appeased by general improvements in safety, hygiene and the benefits of unrestricted Mercantilism. A new ruler is installed, the second daughter of vice-emperor Tlacaelel and his wife Anais I, the Duchess of Occitania, Princess Marinia, in Nahuatl Mallintzin. She is educated in politics, administration, history and to a smaller degree military leadership. Officially, her brother-in-law Tlahuizcal of the Pipil, is governor, but her father has ensured that she will rule the colonial province as soon as she is married. Furthermore, the administrative reorganization is centralized around the new city of Yancuican (around OTL Caen). The name means "Beginning" in Nahuatl. It is mostly settled by Aztecs, with a small Innu minority remaining. An envoy of diplomats is sent to the Principality of Nissa (OTL the region around Nice), to ask if she could marry the younger son of the current monarch (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). The Nissa were aided by the Aztecs financially and militarily in the brief conflict with the Provence, their age-old rival. With this in mind the trade relations have improved in the last decade as well. Meanwhile in America, the invasion of the Tzeltal Kingdom continues, this time with a better organized recon and the new officers learning from their mistakes, receiving advice from the more experienced leaders on the battlefield. Another widespread push is made into the territory, horse artillery becomes widely spread around this time. An envoy is sent to the Innu to discuss the terms for an official peace: 1) The war in Francia comes to a halt, the Innu territory is ceded to the Aztecs. Innu settlers will get the same rights as Aztecs or natives of the region. 2) The Aztec Empire will not intervene in future Innu colonial ambitions in the North Sea. 3) A military alliance is offered to the Innu, including a mutual defensive pact. (INNU RESPONSE NEEDED). The first cadet school is opened on Mocuhteczoma III's order, to professionalize the army further.
    • Innu Diplomacy: The peace deal is accepted, with France recognized as under Aztec dominion, and asking the Aztecs to recognize the same of Innu dominion over Ireland and Scandinavian possessions. The Mutual Defense Pact is, however, declined for the time being, but not completely shooting down the idea in the future.
  • Arawak Empire: After years of not having a clear future, the king of the Arawak Empire decided to make a couple of reforms to the country. The economy of the country will be completely capitalist, giving low interest credits from nationalized banks. The commerce sector will be very important also, as the country is a very important producer of milk, coffee and cocoa. The Afrikan Kompany was stablished in Maracaibo to control African colonies. The parliament has also established new commerce strategies to maximize the production of corn and cow meat, later being approved by the king as the legitimate leader of the country. The king has also announced claims in the African southernmost cape, as an alliance with the country of Miskito, hoping to get revenge over our common enemies.
  • Guarani Empire: Having decisively defeated the Tamil kingdoms the Guarani colonial government would look to stabilize its rule. The well established institutions on the Chera region would be expanded and the newly conquered territory would be reorganised to colonial provinces, Cochin would continue serving as the capital for Indian administration. However, the large city of Madurai would be repaired and adapted and become a secondary capital. 3,000 more men would also be sent from the mainland and elsewhere in the Empire to reinforce the defence in 1670, with various modern forts also being erected in major cities and strategic points in the region as well. Like previously the local caste systems would be abolished and missionary work would begin. To secure our position attention would also be given to the unruly Warangal. Of the present army 2,300 Guarani men, 8,000 auxilliaries and 28 cannons would be sent to conquer the Warangal lands along the Eastern Coastal Plains region and deny them sea acess [ALGO NEEDED]. A demand for surrender would again be sent to the weakened nation [WARANGAL RESPONSE]. The arrival of the Tarascan warfleet in Singapore would surprise the local garrison, however the closed shape of the Marina Bay and the large movment of ships in and out of it would give the soldiers more time to ready the large fortifications and ships of the harbour.[Related to requested Tarascan Algo] The Tarascan attack on mainland India would be answered with the mustering of our forces and recruitment of more Chera converts as auxilliaries - in total, 4,500 Guarani soldiers 1,200 hardened and 5,800 new auxilliaries would be organised and sent south to deal with the invaders. The campaigning generals would soon realize the guerrilla tactics employed by the enemy forces as they refuse to engage directly, the foe´s tactic would be used to our advantage and Thiruvananthapuram and any other port captured by them would be taken back and reinforced after their men flee inland from the large imperial army, denying them supply from their fleet and vice versa. After this our forces would use their native Auxilliaries who have lifelong experience with the local terrain to hunt down the stranded Tarascans [ALGO NEEDED]. The 43 Warships already in India would be reinforced with ten more from our African colonies and this fleet would be sent after the recapture of the ports to crush the Tarascan at sea, with the almost century-long knowledge of the regional coast working to our advantage [ALGO NEEDED]. In Africa the Imperial colonies have continued to grow in size and by now expanded vastly across the coast. Based around Mombassa and Zanzibar most of the Swahili Coast would be directly controlled. Centred in Malao the Horn of Africa from itself to Oponi is owned through vassal chiefs. Based around Itarupa (Sofala) the Mozambican coast from the city to Quelimane, around Mozambique island and along with the land around the Zambezi and up to Tete is controlled directly - and based around Ypahtã (Luanda) from Cabinda to Benguela and along the mouth of the Congo as well. Back in the imperial mainland the Mburuvicha would praise the victory over the Guaycuru and hold many celebrations in the major cities of the Empire. Meanwhile, in the now occupied land, governance and order would be gradually established as Guarani institutions are brought over and local admnistration is reorganised. The Army would be reorganised and redeployed as new campaign plans are made, 15 Nemhedahs - 86,400 men - and 180 cannons would continue stationed in Guaycuru to defend against northern counterattacks with fortifications being built along the Paraná and its tributaries for this purpose. Five Nemhedahs - 28,800 men - and 85 cannons would be sent west along with 6,000 Mapuche mercenary cavalry to hold back the Whicí. Another five Nemhedahs from the hilly regions (of OTL Santa Catarina and Paraná states) and 60 cannons would be sent to the Temiminó. The campaign against Temiminó would see a push east along the coastal region which has flat terrain, to deprive the enemy of all sea access and most of their remaining population, after capturing this region the forces would attack around the rougher terrain of "Serra dos Órgãos" and capture the flatter terrain to the north [ALGO NEEDED]. Envoys would be sent to the Incan Empire and request them to join against the war with the Whicí, promising enemy lands and vast loot [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. After the Whicí and Temiminó Campaigns the Emperor would propose peace with the Xakriabá, the lead nation in the coalition [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]
  • Cree Empire: Despite the lengthy medical leaves given to Manominac, her physical health continues to deteriorate while her inability to bear any children causes her to fall into depression. As a result of her continued "absence", Pechicateu and Ayatascisiw continue to consolidate their influence and see their roles in governance greatly-expanded. Meanwhile, Pechicateu bears her third child with Moyolehuani, a boy named Napesis. Unlike Manominac, neither are isolationist. However, the two still differ substantially in foreign policy – with the former promoting the ideology of "Cree maternalism" and a foreign policy of expansionism, while the latter is a staunch internationalist. The Cree Trading Company (CTC) is established and receives an imperial charter from Ayatascisiw. The CTC primarily trades in raw cotton, cacao, spices (chili peppers and vanilla), gold, precious stones, and minerals. To accommodate the increasing volume of maritime trade, particularly with California and Mesoamerica, the harbor at Port-Escopeiac is expanded. In addition, trade with the Northwest intensifies, due to the demands for pelts and hides (which could be turned into fur and leather, respectively), as well as antlers (which are grounded for medicine or turned into carvings). Meanwhile, Pechicateu continues to entrench the newly-established institution of serfdom: establishing two classes of serfs – domestic and field serfs, which differ on the nature of their labor obligations and the amount of land allotted to them. Pechicateu establishes a set of laws ensuring the welfare of domestic serfs (including a basic wage and the right to sue their masters); therefore, with the exception of the right to mobility and the right to vote, they are the same in status to free citizens. For field serfs, each is also entitled to a minimum of a hectare of arable land and could abstain from work on Sunday (which is declared a working holiday for all) – in addition, their labor obligations is set at a maximum of three days a week. The serfs, since they are distinct from slaves (chattel) in being simply dependents (not legally-endowed with the rights associated with reaching the age of majority), could not be traded – rather, their services (and thus, their masters) could. A law is promulgated banning the sale/purchase of serfs without land and their immediate family members.
  • Tibet: The queen dies and, because of new customs that developed under her reign, is succeeded by her youngest daughter. Bronze at this point becomes the dominant metal type across all of Tibet. Military developments continue, with the most notable developments to Tibetan doctrine being the use of heavily armored yak riders and the development of an urban heavy infantry reminiscent of the phalanx, wielding long pikes and heavy, extra-grip boots to help hold passes - usually supported with archers. The messenger system has expanded enough to catch up with all of the kingdom's expansions, as has its roads. A message is sent to Bhutan offering the options of either becoming a vassal with significant autonomy peacefully, or conquest by two armies about 7,500 in size, one in Tibet proper to the north and one in Sikkim to the west that would invade simultaneously. [MOD RESPONSE AND/OR ALGO REQUESTED].
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