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Nepal is a nation in southern Asia, bordering Tibet and India. Nepal is a Himalayan country and home to the tallest mountain in the world, Mount Everest.
Unlike its southern neighbour India, Nepal did not come under British rule. Neither did it fall under Chinese domination, like its northern neighbour Tibet. The Kingdom of Nepal was able to stay independent since its unification in 1768.
Nepal was not hit on Doomsday, however it did become isolated from the rest of the world after that day. It did, however, maintain relations with India, even they were at odds at times.
War with Bhutan
In 1986, nearby Bhutan began evicting an ethnic group known as the Lohtsampa, who are related to the Nepali. Most of the Lohtsampa went to Nepal, which set up refugee camps. The Nepali government was strained by these refugees, and a solution had to be found for the problem. In 1988, Nepal threatened war with Bhutan if the evictions did not stop. The Bhutan government did not stop, and on October 22, 1988 Nepal declared war on Bhutan. However, Bhutan and Nepal did not share a border; they were separated by the Indian state of Sikkim. This state had a large ethnic Nepali population, so the inhabitants let the Nepali army through, against the will of the government of India, which was trying to mediate the situation. When India tried to punish the state government of Sikkim, the state broke away from India, joining other breakaway states. Sikkim became a valuable Nepali ally in their war against Bhutan. Bhutan was overrun with Nepali troops, as Nepal had not been as isolated as Bhutan and had superior technology, as well as a larger population. The war ended on June 6, 1989.
Bhutan was occupied by Nepali troops. Some Lohtsampa who were evicted resettled in Bhutan, however others stayed in Nepal or Sikkim. Those who returned were treated with mistrust and oppression by the Bhutanese, who blamed them for the war and subsequent occupation. Nepal offered protection and monetary aid to those who resettled Bhutan, in order to create a friendly population for the occupiers.
In 1992, Nepal faced a democratic movement that threatened the monarchy. The king did not approve the ideas of this movement, and a civil war began. However, the monarchists were able to easily defeat the rebels.
In 1993, Nepal sent diplomats to their northern neighbour, Tibet. Relations with Tibet were however not good, as the Tibetans did not approve of the occupation of Bhutan. Nepal was able to keep an uneasy peace with Tibet for several years, however.