Nestorianism (Nestorian Christianity)
Abbreviation NC
Classification Nestorian
Orientation Eastern Christianity (CoE and S-MNCoI),
Eastern Christianity 60% with 30% to Western Christianity (CoW)
Theology Nestorianism
Polity Episcopal
Governance Holy Church of Alāhā (Church of West)
Catholicos-Patriarch (CoE and S-MNCoI) Mar Andrew (2001-) and Mar Paul IV (2016-)
Nestorian Pope-Patriarch (CoW) Pope-Patriarch Nestorius IV (1995-)
Region Western Europe, parts of Middle East and Southern India
Headquarters Alāhā (CoW),
Erbil (CoE),
St. Mary's Cathedral Basilica, Kerala (S-MNCoI)
Founder Thomas the Apostle (CoE and S-MNCoI),
Nestorius II (CoW)
Origin 431-451
Separated from Chalcedonian Christianity (451)
Congregations 613+
Members 77+ Million (2010s)
Ministers 8,615 (2016)
Missionaries 301 (2015)
Hospitals 5
Nursing homes 17
Primary schools 61-64
Secondary schools 42
Tertiary institutions British Isles (mostly Cornwall and Wales) (Since 1900s)
Other name(s) Nestorianism, [As]Syrian Christianity (CoE) and Classical Orthodoxy (CoW)

Nestorian Christianity or go others names as Nestorianism, [As]Syrian Christianity and Classical Orthodoxy are a Christological doctrine and one of four main Christian branches exist as of 2017, The faith emphasizes a distinction between the human and divine natures of the divine person, Jesus. It was advanced by Nestorius (386–450), Patriarch of Constantinople from 428 to 431, influenced by Nestorius's studies under Theodore of Mopsuestiaat the School of Antioch.

Nestorius's teachings brought him into conflict with other prominent church leaders, most notably Cyril of Alexandria, who criticized especially his rejection of the title Theotokos ("Mother of God") for Mary, the mother of Jesus. Nestorius and his teachings were eventually condemned as heretical at the Council of Ephesus in 431 and the Council of Chalcedon in 451, which led to the Nestorian Schism; churches supporting Nestorius broke with the rest of the Christian Church.

Following that, many of Nestorius's supporters relocated to the Sasanian Empire, where they affiliated with the local Christian community, known as the Church of the East and split later as Eastern Nestorian Church/Church of the East/Assyrian Christianity and "Western Nestorian Church"/Church of the West and Classical Orthodox Church between 14-16th centuries. Over the next decades, the Church of the East became increasingly Nestorian in doctrine, leading to it becoming known alternatively as the Nestorian Church.

Today there only three denominations existed as aforementioned Churches of both East and West but also Syro-Malabar Nestorian Church of India that contains over 4 or 5 million followers but discriminated by Hindu majority throughout the centuries like other non-Hindu religions in the region.

Gallery

The Holy Saint and Founder of Nestorian faith.

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