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State of New Caledonia
Flag of New Caledonia Emblem of New Caledonia
Flag Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Old State
Motto(s): Unitas et Fraternitas (Latin)
Unity and Brotherhood
Official language(s) English
Spoken languages Nengone • Paici • Ajie • Drehu
36 other native languages
Demonym New Caledonian
Capital
(and largest city)
Noumea
Area Ranked 19th
 – Total 18,576 km2
Population Ranked 21st
 – Total 268,767
Before statehood Territory of New Caledonia
Admission to Federation 5 May 1999 (21st)
Governor Terry Lataste
Premier Terry Santa (CF)
Legislature Parliament
Senators Cynthia Ligeard (N)
Louise Pratt (L)
Louis Kotra Uregei (L)
Bridget McKenzie (N)
House delegation List
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC +12)
Abbreviations NC
Internet TLD .nc
Website www.nc.gov

New Caledonia is one of the eastern states of Cygnia, located in the southwest Pacific Ocean, about 1,210 km east of continental Cygnia, and to the south of the New Hebrides. The main islands of New Caledonia include Grand Island, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets. New Caledonia has a land area of 18,576 km2, making it the third-smallest state in Cygnia, after the New Hebrides and Fiji; it has a population of 268,767 as of 2016, making it the least-populated state in the Federation. New Caledonia is also the newest, having been admitted to the Federation on 5 May 1999.

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