Alternative History
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Kingdom of New Holland
Koninkrijk Nieuw Holland
Timeline: Differently
OTL equivalent: Most of New South Wales, Canberra Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Dispereert niet"
"Despair not"
Anthem: 
"Lang Leve Nieuw Holland!"
"Long Live New Holland!"
CapitalWillemsburg
Largest city Nieuw Amsterdam
Official languages Australisch Dutch
Government Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy under an elective democracy
 -  King Willem III
 -  Grand Pensionary Klaas van Kooten
Legislature States General
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Establishment
 -  Election of Prince Alexander 1 May 1890 
Area
 -  Total 309,326 km2 
119,431 sq mi 
Population
 -   estimate 8,166,000 
Currency New Hollander guilder (ƒ) (NHG)

New Holland, officially the Kingdom of New Holland is a sovereign nation located in southeast Australia. New Holland borders Mystras Australis and Aṉangu to the west, French Australia and the Melanesian state of Kingsland to the north, and Jamesland to the south. New Holland is among the powerful nations in the Australian continent, producing most of the continent's infrastructure.

New Holland is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Willem III as head of state. It is a highly developed country and a high income country, with the continent's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and the largest by PPP. New Holland is a member of the Oceania Union (OU), the Australian Council (AC), the Dutch-speaking Organization, the Organization of Dutch-Australian Nations (ODAN), the Union for Australia, the Pacific Ocean Nations Treaty Organization (PONTO), and many other international organisations.

History

Aboriginal Australians

The original inhabitants of New Holland were the Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia about 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. Before European settlement there were an estimated 250,000 Aboriginal people in the region.

The Wodi Wodi people are the original custodians of the Illawarra region of South Nieuw Amsterdam. Speaking a variant of the Dharawal language, the Wodi Wodi peoples lived across a large stretch of land which was roughly surrounded by what is now known as Campbelltown, Shoalhaven River and Moss Vale. The Bundjalung people are the original custodians of parts of the northern coastal areas.

There are other Aboriginal peoples whose traditional lands are within what is now New Holland, including the Wiradjiri, Gamilaray, Yuin, Ngarigo, Gweagal, and Ngiyampaa peoples.

Dutch Arrival (1610)

The Dutch would formally arrive in Australia with the arrival of Willem Janszoon's expedition in 1610. The first large Dutch settlements would be around Willemsburg, Niuew Amsterdam, and what's now Jamesland. While the Byzantine Empire had claimed the entire Australian continent as New Anatolia, the influx of Dutch settlers quickly displaced the sparsely populated Byzantine settlers outside of Mystras Australis.

Dutch East India Company

During the 19th century, large areas were annexed into the Colony. During the time of the Dutch annexation, New Holland only occupied the lands around Botany Bay and present-day Nieuw Amsterdam. During this time, the colony took its current shape through treaties with Native tribes and the British colonists. Following the Treaty of Waitangi, William Hobson declared Dutch sovereignty over New Zealand in 1840. In 1841 it was separated from the Colony of New Holland to form the new Colony of New Zealand, which was eventually re-annexed by Britain.

Charles Darwin visited Australia in January 1836 and in The Voyage of the Beagle (chapter 19 of the 11th edition) records his hesitations about and fascination with New Holland, including his speculations about the geological origin and formation of the great valleys, the aboriginal population, the situation of the convicts, and the future prospects of the country.

Dutch Colony

Independence (1890 - Present)

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