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The Republic of New Swabia (German: Republik Neuschwabenland), colloquially known as New Swabia (Neuschwabenland), is a sovereign state located in Eastern Antarctica. Initially established as a German colony, New Swabia emerged as the only successful settler colony of the German Empire. Following World War I, New Swabia became a mandate of the British Empire and Eduarda. Following the growing influence of Nazi Germany during the 1930s, revolution broke out among the German people of New Swabia. A German-backed government was established in 1939, expanding the scope of World War II into Antarctica. A truce was established in 1943 between the British and New Swabians, allowing for an independent, Fascist government in New Swabia, in exchange they remained out of the war in Europe. The Fascist government of New Swabia would remain in place until the late 1970s. Civil war broke out and a democratic government was established in the early 1980s.
New Swabia is the only German-speaking nation outside of Europe. Politically, New Swabia has very close relations with Bellinsgauzenia and Germany; as well as growing co-operation with neighboring Eduarda and Maudland. New Swabia's government is heavily influenced by that of Germany.
The German Empire began its colonial expansion around the late 19th century. By this time most of the land on earth had been carved up by the other European colonial powers, leaving Germany to colonize what little land remained. In 1899, Germany would land on the Atlantic coast of Antarctica. The first German settlement on the continent was Neumayer which began as a small whaling village along the Antarctic coast. The population increased slowly until large amounts of resources (such as oil and coal) were discovered nearby in 1902. By 1910, the region had become a highly important German colony, and was proclaimed German Antarctica.
World War I
With the beginning of World War I happening in Europe, the German colony was faced with similar fears at home. Russian East Antarctica had been a big fear for most colonists. At the beginning of the Antarctic campaign in 1916, German Antarctica began growing stronger ties with Central member Santiago. German Antarctica had no direct fighting in the war, but did send troops and supplies for the Santiago front.
Under British occupation
With the end of the war came the Treaty of Versailles, in which Germany gave up all its colonies. German Antarctica became under British control as the "British West Antarctica" (under similar cooperation with "British East Antarctica").
Under British occupation, the German language was greatly discouraged, and a time-period of "Anglification" began, though it would not take into effect. The colonists of German descent began protests against occupying British. By 1933, the German government now under Adolf Hitler would begin support for the region's sovereignty. In 1936, the National Socialist German Workers' Party of New Swabia (NSDAPNS) gained in popularity in the region.
On January 19, 1939, the German-speaking population united to form the Republic of New Swabia. Like the Motherland, New Swabia considered itself a single-party republic, headed by the New Swabian Nazi Party. It was proposed by Adolf Hitler to have New Swabia unite with Germany just as Austria had done years earlier. New Swabia refused to be united with Germany, but New Swabia would become an ally of Germany and Hitler. Just days later, Germany and Italy declared recognition of New Swabia.
New Swabia would retain a strong relationship and support for Germany and the Axis up until the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, after which New Swabia would declare neutrality from the war.
With the ending of the war in 1945, New Swabia and Spain would be the only two Fascist nations remaining. New Swabia received a moderate stream of German scientists and former officials who see New Swabia as their last hope, and their repatriation had been a bone of contention by the Allies for years. New Swabia would remain a semi-Nazi nation up until 1950, in which they officially renounced National Socialism.
Moves towards democracy
Despite abandoning Nazism, New Swabia continued to operate as a dictatorship, suppressing dissent and promoting nationalism among its populace. After Spain's transition into a democracy in the 1970s, New Swabia was left alone as a Fascist state, but even then, the nation was on the verge of change. Although the NSDAPNS were still determined to maintain control, the general public were determined to bring freedom to New Swabia through any means necessary, up to and including violent options. The leader of the unofficial New Swabia Liberation Party (NSLP), Otto Dietrich went to Maudland to try and plead with Premier Thobias Mjoen to organize a Norwegian/Maudlandic invasion that would restore democracy.
Mjoen promised that he would try to convince the Norwegian Parliament that the invasion was necessary, but that he would need some evidence of New Swabian activities in Maudland to convince the King and Parliament to invade. Therefore, Dietrich decided to organize fake raids into Maudlandic territory so that, therefore, they would have reason to invade. Mjoen was able to then convince King Olav V to authorize the Norwegian intervention, and the bill was passed by the Norwegian parliament.