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New Amsterdam (1600's)

On August 27, 1664, at a time of peace, four English frigates sailed into the harbor of the Dutch colony New Amsterdam (now New York City). Without a single bullet being fired, the Dutch surrendered New Amsterdam to the English (however, this event caused the Second Anglo-Dutch War). One year later, the English reincorporated New Amsterdam into the English-ruled New York City.

In 1667, after the end of the war, the Dutch decided against pressing their claims on their former colony, New Amsterdam. Instead, they decided to take over control of the tiny Island of Run. However, in 1673, the Dutch reoccupied New York City during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, renaming it New Orange. This only lasted for a year though; the English retook control of New York City for good in 1674.

But what if the Dutch did decide to press their claims on New Amsterdam? What if the English decided to relinquish control of their colony, briefly called New York City, back to the Dutch? What if the Treaty of Breda looked just a little bit different? New York City as we know it today would not exist. Instead, a mega-city called New Amsterdam would be the "big apple". And it wouldn't belong to the United States...

This AltHistory timeline explores what North America and the rest of the world would have been like if the Dutch fought back. Nieuwe Wereld is Dutch for 'New World'.

Point of Divergence

To conclude the Second Anglo-Dutch War, France, Netherlands, England and Denmark-Norway got together in the the Dutch city of Breda to sign the Treaty of Breda. Various proposals were brought forward by all sides of the negotiations. One of these proposals included the English's offer to return the whole colony of New Netherlands (including New Amsterdam) back to the Dutch in return for the English sugar factories of Surinam. The Dutch declined. But in this althist, they said "yes". The Dutch regained their former colony, renamed it back to New Netherlands, and renamed New York City back to New Amsterdam.

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