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|Japanese Democratic Republic |
|Timeline: Joan of What?|
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential republic (de jure)|
Stalinist single-party totalitarian dictatorship (de facto)
|-||1948 – 1953||Nosaka Sanzō|
|-||1948 – 1953||Tokuda Kyuichi|
|Chairman of the Supreme Council|
|-||1948 – 1953||Shiga Yoshio|
|Historical era||Japanese War|
|-||Partition of Japan||18 August 1946|
|-||Proclamation||23 November 1948|
|-||Collectivisation begins||1 January 1949|
|-||Russian annexation of Hokkaido||13 February 1953|
|-||Armistice||28 February 1953|
|-||Treaty of Kyoto||19 June 1954|
|Currency||New Japanese Yen|
North Japan (北日本, Kita-Nippon), officially the Japanese Democratic Republic (日本民主共和国, Nippon Minshū Kyōwakoku) was a Stalinist state in East Asia from 1948 to 1953.
In the aftermath of World War III, the Empire of Japan was divided along the 38th parallel into two occupation zones administered by Russia in the north and Cygnia in the south. The Cygnian occupation zone was in 1948 reorganised into the Republic of Japan, and in response the Russians proclaimed the Democratic Republic in the north, transferring administrative control to the Japanese Collectivist Party. Over the following two years, authorities from North and South Japan attempted to negotiate reunification, but these talks failed by 1950, and the North Japanese government attempted to unify the country by force, leading to the Japanese War. The North Japanese National Revolutionary Army with the backing of the Russian Armed Forces fought against the South Japanese Defence Force. Cygnia and other allies engaged the northern forces, rapidly turning the tide of war, but not before a series of stunning offensives from the North that even resulted in the fall of Tokyo, forcing the South Japanese government to retreat to Kyoto. However, North Japan's fortunes turned in 1951, and from that point forward they continually lost ground to the Allied forces.
By 1953 the entirety of northern Honshu had fallen to the South, and only the stronghold of Hokkaido remained in North Japanese hands. After the death of Russian President Joseph Stalin, his successor, Nikita Khrushchev, decided to end the conflict. On 13 January, he declared the annexation of Hokkaido to Russia, and ordered his troops in Sapporo to arrest the government of Nosaka Sanzō. A ceasefire was declared in February 1953, and peace was concluded in the Treaty of Kyoto on 19 June 1954, when South Japan was formally recognised as the sole governing authority of Japan, and the annexation of Hokkaido was accepted.