Nunavut (pronounced /ˈnuːnəvʊt/) is the largest and newest federal territory of Canada; it was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999 via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the actual boundaries had been established in 1993. The creation of Nunavut – meaning "our land" in Inuktitut – resulted in the first major change to Canada's map since the incorporation of the new province of Newfoundland in 1949.
Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, making it the fourth-largest country subdivision in the world. The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay") on Baffin Island, in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite. Other major communities include the regional centres of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay. Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west and Akimiski Island in James Bay to the far south. Nunavut is both the least populated and the geographically largest of the provinces and territories of Canada. It has a population of 29,474, mostly Inuit, spread over an area the size of Western Europe. Nunavut is also home to the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world, Alert.
Alternate versions of Nunavut have been discovered throughout the multiverse:
- Native Republic of Nunavut (Nationalization Gone Wrong)
- Republic of Nunavut and Nunatsiaq Immune Americas
- Nunavut (ᓄᓇᕗᑦ) Concert of Europe
Alternate versions of Nunavut have also been discovered to belong to different nations:
- State of Alaska (An Independent in 2000)
- United States of America
- United States of North America (Zhou)
- Polar Republic