Nunavut (Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᕗᑦ, Nunavut) is the northernmost and most recently created province of Canada. It consists of vast territories located on the eastern and western sides of the Hudson Bay, as well as the large Canadian Arctic Archipelago: it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to its east, the Arctic Ocean to its north, the Northwest Territories to its west, Manitoba and Quebec to its south and Labrador to its southeast. Most of the area consists of a low-lying, sparsely populated tundra and sub-arctic woodland. A large part of the population lives in the coasts and islands around Hudson Bay and the Labrador Sea.
Nunavut has been inhabited since immemorial times by the Inuit, which today form the majority of the population: a standardized dialect of their language, Inuktitut, is one of the province's official languages together with French and English. The land was first explored by Europeans in the 16th century, and it was later included in the Northwest Territories when Great Britain came to rule Canada: much later, after the Great War, Nunavut was made into its own province by popular vote. The province's economy revolves around mining, fishing, and forestry.