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The Olympic rings

The Olympic Games, or simply Olympics, are an international event involving a number of summer and winter sporting competitions among athletes from all over the world. Held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart, the Olympics are the world's most prestigious sporting event and one of the most widely viewed and followed sporting events, second only to the FIFA World Cup.

Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.

List of Olympiads

Summer

City Country Continent Number Year Opening
ceremony
Closing
ceremony
Opened by
Athens Flag of Byzantium (with B).png Byzantium Europe I 1896 6 April 15 April King Andronikus VI
Paris Flag of France.svg France Europe II 1900 14 May 28 October President Paul LaFargue
St. Louis US flag 35 stars.svg United States North America III 1904 1 July 23 November President Theodore Roosevelt
London UK new flag 1.png United Kingdom Europe IV 1908 27 April 31 October King George VII
Stockholm Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Europe V 1912 5 May 22 July
Berlin Flag of the German Empire.svg Germany Europe VI 1916 Cancelled due to the Great War
Antwerp Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium Europe VII 1920 20 April 12 September King Louis II
Paris Flag of France.svg France Europe VIII 1924 4 May 27 July President Raymond Poincaré
Amsterdam Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Europe IX 1928 17 May 12 August Queen Wilhelmina
Los Angeles US flag 35 stars.svg United States North America X 1932 30 July 14 August President Frank Orren Lowden
Berlin Flag of the German Empire.svg Germany Europe XI 1936 1 August 16 August Emperor Wilhelm II
Alexandria Egypt Differently.png Egypt Africa XII 1940 12 April 5 May Pharaoh Nectanebo VI
London UK new flag 1.png United Kingdom Europe XIII 1944 5 June 5 July King George VIII
Oslo Flag of Norway.svg Norway Europe XIV 1948 14 February 25 February
Peking Flag of the Chang remastered.png China Asia XV 1952 8 August 24 August Emperor Jingwei
De Baai Australia flag Differently.png Australia Oceania XVI 1956 22 November 8 December
Florence Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Italy Europe XVII 1960 August 25 11 September King Victor Emmanuel IV
Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg Japan Asia XVIII 1964 10 October 24 October Emperor Hirohito
Mexico City Mexico flag, 1893-1916.png Mexico North America XIX 1968 15 June 31 July
Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil (1870–1889).svg Brazil South America XX 1972 5 August 21 August Emperor Pedro III
Montreal Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec North America XXI 1976 8 July 7 August
Moscow Flag of Russia.svg Russia Europe XXII 1980 21 July 15 August President Vyacheslav Molotov
Los Angeles US flag 35 stars.svg United States North America XXIII 1984 28 July 12 August President Robert F Kennedy
Seoul Flag of Korea (1899).svg Korea Asia XXIV 1988 17 September 2 October Emperor Heong
Barcelona Flag of Spain.svg Spain Europe XXV 1992 25 July 9 August King Alfonso XIV
Atlanta Flag of the Confederate States of America (March 1861 – May 1861).svg Confederate States North America XXVI 1996 19 July 4 August President Bill Clinton
Nieuw Amsterdam Australia flag Differently.png Australia Oceania XXVII 2000 15 September 1 October
Athens Flag of Byzantium (with B).png Byzantium Europe XXVIII 2004 13 August 29 August King Andronikus VII
Peking Flag of the Chang remastered.png China Asia XXIX 2008 8 August 24 August Emperor Tailong
London UK new flag 1.png United Kingdom Europe XXX 2012 27 July 12 August King Richard IV
Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil (1870–1889).svg Brazil South America XXX 2016 5 August 21 August Emperor Luís
Tokyo Flag of Japan.svg Japan Asia XXXI 2020 24 July 9 August Emperor Akihito
Paris Flag of France.svg France Europe XXXII 2024 25 July 11 August

Winter

City Country Continent Number Year Opening
ceremony
Closing
ceremony
Opened by
Chamonix Flag of France.svg France Europe I 1924 25 January 5 February President Raymond Poincaré
St. Moritz Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Europe II 1928 11 February 19 February
Lake Placid US flag 35 stars.svg United States North America III 1932 4 February 15 February President Frank Orren Lowden
Garmisch-Partenkirchen Flag of the German Empire.svg Germany Europe IV 1936 6 February 16 February Emperor Wilhelm II
Sapporo Flag of Japan.svg Japan Asia V 1940 14 January 14 February Emperor Hirohito
Cortina d'Ampezzo Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Italy Europe VI 1944 26 January 5 February King Umberto II
St. Moritz Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Europe VII 1948 30 January 8 February
Oslo Flag of Norway.svg Norway Europe VIII 1952 14 February 25 February
Albertville Flag of France.svg France Europe IX 1956 15 January 15 February President Charles de Gaulle
Squaw Valley US flag 35 stars.svg United States North America X 1960 18 February 28 February President Earl Warren
Innsbruck Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg Austria-Hungary Europe XI 1964 29 January 9 February Emperor Franz Joseph II
Akureyri Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland Europe XII 1976 20 January 12 February
Lake Placid US flag 35 stars.svg United States North America XII 1980 13 February 24 February President Robert F Kennedy
Sarajevo Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg Austria-Hungary Europe XIV 1984 7 February 19 February Emperor Franz Joseph III
Calgary Flag of Canada.svg Canada North America XV 1988 13 February 28 February
Lillehammer Flag of Norway.svg Norway Europe XVI 1992 12 February 27 February
Nagano Flag of Japan.svg Japan Asia XVII 1994 7 February 22 February Emperor Akihito
Salt Lake City US flag 35 stars.svg United States North America XVIII 1998 8 February 24 February President Jerry Brown
Helsinki Flag of Finland.svg Finland Europe XIX 2002 2 February 28 February
Turin Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Italy Europe XX 2006 10 February 26 February King Victor Emmanuel IV
Toronto Flag of Canada.svg Canada North America XXI 2010 12 February 28 February
Sochi Flag of Russia.svg Russia Europe XXII 2014 7 February 23 February President Grigory Yavlinsky
Pyongyang Flag of Korea (1899).svg Korea Asia XXIII 2018 9 February 25 February Emperor Won
Peking Flag of the Chang remastered.png China Asia XXIV 2022 4 February 20 February
Milan Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Italy Europe XXV 2026 6 February 22 February

See also

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