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Olympics rings

The Olympic rings

The Olympic Games, or simply Olympics, are an international event involving a number of summer and winter sporting competitions among athletes from all over the world. Held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart, the Olympics are the world's most prestigious sporting event and one of the most widely viewed and followed sporting events, second only to the FIFA World Cup.

Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.

List of Olympiads

Summer

City Country Continent Number Year Opening
Ceremony
Closing
Ceremony
Athens Flag of Byzantium (Different Europe) Byzantium Europe I 1896 6 April 15 April
Paris Flag of France France Europe II 1900 14 May 28 October
St. Louis US flag 35 stars United States North America III 1904 1 July 23 November
London Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe IV 1908 27 April 31 October
Stockholm Flag of Sweden Sweden Europe V 1912 5 May 22 July
Berlin Flag of the German Empire Germany Europe VI 1916 Cancelled due to the Great War
Antwerp Flag of Belgium Belgium Europe VII 1920 20 April 12 September
Paris Flag of France France Europe VIII 1924 4 May 27 July
Amsterdam Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands Europe IX 1928 17 May 12 August
Los Angeles US flag 35 stars United States North America X 1932 30 July 14 August
Berlin Flag of the German Empire Germany Europe XI 1936 1 August 16 August
Alexandria Egypt Differently Egypt Africa XII 1940 12 April 5 May
London Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe XIII 1944 5 June 5 July
Oslo Flag of Norway Norway Europe XIV 1948 14 February 25 February
Peking Flag of China (1889–1912) China Asia XV 1952 8 August 24 August
De Baai Australia Differently Australia Oceania XVI 1956 22 November 8 December
Rome Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Europe XVII 1960 August 25 11 September
Tokyo Flag of Japan Japan Asia XVIII 1964 10 October 24 October
Mexico City Mexico flag, 1893-1916 Mexico North America XIX 1968 15 June 31 July
Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil (1870–1889) Brazil South America XX 1972 5 August 21 August
Montreal Flag of Canada Canada North America XXI 1976 8 July 7 August
Moscow Flag of Russia Russia Europe XXII 1980 21 July 15 August
Los Angeles US flag 35 stars United States North America XXIII 1984 28 July 12 August
Seoul Flag of Korea (1899) Korea Asia XXIV 1988 17 September 2 October
Barcelona Flag of Spain Spain Europe XXV 1992 25 July 9 August
Atlanta Flag of the Confederate States of America (March 1861 – May 1861) Confederate States North America XXVI 1996 19 July 4 August
Nieuw Amsterdam Australia Differently Australia Oceania XXVII 2000 15 September October 1
Athens Flag of Byzantium (Different Europe) Byzantium Europe XXVIII 2004 13 August 29 August
Peking Flag of China (1889–1912) China Asia XXIX 2008 8 August 24 August
London Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe XXX 2012 27 July 12 August
Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil (1870–1889) Brazil South America XXX 2016 5 August 21 August
Tokyo Flag of Japan Japan Asia XXXI 2020 24 July 9 August
Paris Flag of France France Europe XXXII 2024 25 July 11 August

Winter

City Country Continent Number Year Opening
Ceremony
Closing
Ceremony
Chamonix Flag of France France Europe I 1924 25 January 5 February
St. Moritz Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Europe II 1928 11 February 19 February
Lake Placid US flag 35 stars United States North America III 1932 4 February 15 February
Garmisch-Partenkirchen Flag of the German Empire Germany Europe IV 1936 6 February 16 February
Sapporo Flag of Japan Japan Asia V 1940 14 January 14 February
Cortina d'Ampezzo Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Europe VI 1944 26 January 5 February
St. Moritz Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Europe VII 1948 30 January 8 February
Oslo Flag of Norway Norway Europe VIII 1952 14 February 25 February
Albertville Flag of France France Europe IX 1956 15 January 15 February
Squaw Valley US flag 35 stars United States North America X 1960 18 February 28 February
Innsbruck Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) Austria-Hungary Europe XI 1964 29 January 9 February
Akureyri Flag of Iceland Iceland Europe XII 1974 20 January 12 February
Lake Placid US flag 35 stars United States North America XII 1980 13 February 24 February
Sarajevo Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) Austria-Hungary Europe XIV 1984 7 February 19 February
Calgary Flag of Canada Canada North America XV 1988 13 February 28 February
Lillehammer Flag of Norway Norway Europe XVI 1992 12 February 27 February
Nagano Flag of Japan Japan Asia XVII 1994 7 February 22 February
Salt Lake City US flag 35 stars United States North America XVIII 1998 8 February 24 February
Helsinki Flag of Finland Finland Europe XIX 2002 2 February 28 February
Turin Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Europe XX 2006 10 February 26 February
Toronto Flag of Canada Canada North America XXI 2010 12 February 28 February
Sochi Flag of Russia Russia Europe XXII 2014 7 February 23 February
Pyongyang Flag of Korea (1899) Korea Asia XXIII 2018 9 February 25 February
Peking Flag of China (1889–1912) China Asia XXIV 2022 4 February 20 February
Milan Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Europe XXV 2026 6 February 22 February

See also

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