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Organization of Nations
HeadquartersInternational territory in Manhattan, New York City
Official languages Arabic
 -  Secretary-General
Establishment 1945

Organization of Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, and the achieving of world peace. The ON was founded in 1945 after Second World War to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.


Following in the wake of the failed League of Nations (1919–1946) the Organization of Nations was established in 1945 to maintain international peace and promote cooperation in solving international economic, social and humanitarian problems.


Organization of Nations Building in New York City

The Organization of Nations' system is based on five principal organs; the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat, and the International Court of Justice.

Four of the five principal organs are located at the main Otrganization of Nations headquarters located on international territory in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the ON offices at Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi. Other ON institutions are located throughout the world.

General Assembly

The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly of the Organization of Nations. Composed of all ON member states, the assembly meets in regular yearly sessions under a president elected from among the member states. Over a two-week period at the start of each session, all members have the opportunity to address the assembly. Traditionally, the Secretary-General makes the first statement, followed by the president of the assembly.

When the General Assembly votes on important questions, a two-thirds majority of those present and voting is required. Examples of important questions include: recommendations on peace and security; election of members to organs; admission, suspension, and expulsion of members; and, budgetary matters. All other questions are decided by majority vote. Each member country has one vote. Apart from approval of budgetary matters, resolutions are not binding on the members. The Assembly may make recommendations on any matters within the scope of the ON, except matters of peace and security that are under Security Council consideration

Security Council



International Court of Justice


Member state Date of admission See also
Flag of Albania.svg Albania
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Flag of Austria.svg Austria
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Flag of Canada.svg Canada
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia
Flag of Costa Rica (state).svg Costa Rica
Flag of Chile.svg Chile
Flag of the Dominican Republic.png Dominican Republic
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador
800px-Flag of Estonia.png Estonia
Flag of Finland 1918 (state).svg Finland
Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Royal Standard of the Netherlands.svg Guiana
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti
Flag of Ireland.png Irish Free Republic
Italia.flag.png Italy
First proposed flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica
Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia
Flag of Lithuania 1918-1940.svg Lithuania
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay
Flag of Peru.svg Peru
Flag of Romania.svgRomania
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Turkey
Flag of Ukraine.svgUkrainian State
Copy of United States of America Central.png United States
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela
Flag of the Empire of Vietnam (1945).svg Vietnam
Flag of the West Indies Federation.svg West Indies Federation

See also

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