Osnabruck is a small republic in northwest Germany. It is a member of the Holy Roman Empire. It is bordered by Lingen to the west, Munster-Westphalia to the north and south, and Ravensberg and Minden to the east. The capital is Osnabruck and the population around 362,000.
The Head of State is Chancellor Bernhard Gerke.
The official language is German.
The currency is the Westphalian Crown (WFC).
Founded in the 8th century by Charlemagne the Bishopric of Osnabruck was the oldest such foundation in Lower Saxony. The city of Osnabruck slowly developed alongside the episcopal palace and its independence from the bishop would be enshrined by various emperors in later centuries. The bishopric was frequently held in union with Muster and other episcopal states, bought with loans paid back through simony, and sometimes ruled by minors; a situation which helped fuel discontent and eventually the Reformation.
The city moved swiftly to Lutheranism though rural areas would stay steadfastly mixed, even after the Schmalkaldic Wars. The attempts of several idealistic bishops to create some sort of synthesis between Catholic and Lutheranism would fail but would prove influential in the creation of the Austrian High Church in the 1700s. The fluid religious situation led to Osnabruck being the focal point of witch hunts in Germany, especially in the 1570s.
During the Fifty Years War the Bishop's lands were devastated though the city managed to stay unconquered. As the war wound down in 1660s the city managed to buy out much of the bankrupt bishopric and other lords and hence united the city to the surrounding area and form a republic. Most of the northern parts of the bishopric went to Munster however.
Its pro-Denmark stance in the post-Fifty Years War Empire was tempered by the Wolffenbuttel War (1737-39) whereupon it switched to a more neutral outlook. Relatively peaceful politically speaking it became noted for its textile industry. Like many other German states it participated in the Iberian Revolutionary Wars and suffered heavily in various staged battles. It willingly disbanded its army following the Second Kalmar-Imperial War.
Osnabruck is governed by a single-chambered Diet with elections held every four years.