Alternative History
People's Republic of the Romagna
Repubblica Popolare della Romagna
Timeline: Great Nuclear War
Flag Coat of Arms
Flag Coat of Arms
Location of People's Republic of the Romagna
PRR in red

Proletari di tutto il mondo, unitevi!
("Proletarians of the world unite!")

Anthem "Bandiera Rossa"
(and largest city)
Other cities Rimini, Ravenna, Forlì and Ferrara
  others Romagnolo and others
Atheism of state
  others Roman Catholic, Judaism and others
Ethnic Group Italian
Demonym Romagnoli
Government Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist state
  legislature People's Assembly
President Enrico Berlinguer
Chairman of the People's Council Alessandro Natta
Area 11.443 km²
Population 2,120,000 
Established 21 January 1963
Independence from Italy
  declared 21 January 1963
Annexation to Italian Republic
  date Summer of the 1980
Currency Lira Romagnola

The People's Republic of Romagna (Repubblica Popolare della Romagna) was a socialist nation created after the War of the 28th October of the 1962, it control the historical region of the Romagna, who is located on the east side of the ex-region Emilia-Romagna.


After the Great War the Emilia-Romagna was cut of from the communication with Rome and with any part of Italy cause an EMP attack, no one military or civil structure was hit in Romagna, but the war have bring fear and hate of the communist, but also of revolutionary ideals again the capitalist state who have created the war. 

At the start the civil and military authorities imposed the martial law on the region, the mass production with no labor rights at the farmers and workers of the factories, and the ban on the Communist Italian Party for provide riots by the anti-communist forces, but the martial law, the lack of food and social assistance at the poor family, the ban of labour rights for produce more and the ban on the P.C.I. have cause wild riots, strikes and the occupation of land and factory in all the Emilia-Romagna, but when in Emilia the strikes was cutted of quickly with the help of militia composed by ex-soldiers of the RSI or by catholic or democratic partisans in Romagna was very hard, the majority of the population was supporting the workers and the labour and many of that workers was communist or socialist who have fight in the Italian Resistance, and also much of this ex-partisans hidden weapons and ammunition in the hope of a communist revolution, on the night of 1st january of the 1963 the workers and the labour of the Romagna occupy much of the factories and important locations in the main cities, in only a week of fight much of the Romagna was under control of the P.C.I.

The only province under control of the Provisional Republic of the Emilia-Romagna was the city of Bologna who was heavily reinforced with order forces and armed civilians, when the workers arrive at Bologna the city was in a fight, between the forces of the provisional republic and that of the Italian Communist Party, at the started of the fight the citizens of Bologna revolt again the P.R.E.R, leaded by Giuseppe Dozza, who was a ex-partisan and the mayor of Bologna from the 1945 to the December of the 1962, when Dozza was deposed and replaced by the prefect of the province, with his courage and his charisma most of the city was take without hurt anyone, but the loyal forces of the P.R.E.R. was barricaded in the prefect office, the battle during a entire night and a half day for take the palace, but at the end the prefect and the other fighters surrender at the ex-mayor.

Group of workers armed for occupy a factory, in the first day of the 1963

After the take of Bologna it was proclaimed the Provisional People's Republic of Romagna, as a communist state the first act they have do is that of confiscation of all private lands and worker propriety as factory or large stores (the domestic propriety as home and flat remain private) and the creation of Collective farming for the poor farmers and laborers and for provide the republic of food.

Many other social reforms and laws was created during the year like the creation of a health service completely free or the creation of the People's Army, of the People's Navy and of the People's Air Force. In the meantime was created by a constituent assembly the constitution of the People's Republic of Romagna, based on the DDR and Soviet constitution, but also on the Italian constitution. After the finish of the worker for the constitution, the 21 January 1963 it was proclaimed the People's Republic of Romagna, and it was stabilized that the only legal party would be the P.C.I., the equality of the man and woman, the legality of the divorce, of the abortion and the equality between the mother and father in a family and also the basic rights of the man.

The first President elected was Giuseppe Dozza, who was also general secretary of the P.C.I. between the 1963 to the 1974, as well President from the 1963 to the 1974.

After the death of Dozza it was elected Enrico Berlinguer as president, he was a famous member of the P.C.I. and a member of the Italian parliament, but when the bomb falls he was in Bologna for a meeting with the other regional leader of the P.C.I. for the annual congress, then he stayed in the city and encourage the workers and the citizens at fight for the common good of life under a communist state. 

Under his mandate the relations with the other Italian states was restored, but still was many rocky, if not close at all like with the Roman Republic or with the Neapolitan Republic. The only real state in Italy who have a cordial relations with the Romagna is San Marino, but is why the Romagna is a important partner for San Marino and as a help in case of invasion.  

Now the People's Republic of Romagna have a medium tenor of life less shorter then that of the Albania or Yugoslavia, but for his lock of basic rights like that of vote, speech and of private propriety is classified as a second world country, with the Roman Republic is one of the two dictatorship present in Italy, one communist in Romagna and the other Fascist in Lazio and Umbria.

In the 1980 a revolt spread across the population after the kill of a young student of the University who have protest again the lack of freedom and elections, with the furious reaction of the government of impersonate and close the University, after his death more and more revolts started again the People's Republic of Romagna, until when Alessandro Berlinguer take refuge in the USSR after have escape trough Yugoslavia, with the empty of power the Italian Republic annex the Romagna, this for provide more revolts and for keep the people safe, after the enter of the Italian authority in Bologna it was founded many documents and materials of Yugoslavia and Albania, proving that the Romagna was helped by the Yugoslavian and Albanian secret services.

Form of government

The form of the state was that Unitary Marxist–Leninist at one-party and the the three powers was divided between the People's Assembly for the legislative, at the People's Council for the executive and at the tribunal for the judicial.

The People's Council is the executive body of the Republic, elected every 5 years by the parliament and the parliament have the task of elect the Chairman and he will formed the government.

The President is elected every 10 years by the citizens, he can resign from his office in every moment or can be dismissed in case of betrayal in the confront of the State, the Party or the Constitution and also if he commit some crime during his mandate. 

The People's Assembly is the legislative body of the Republic, is composed by 100 members elected by the President of every district, the only legal candidate and nominate are member of the P.C.I.

The constitution of the the PRR is based on that of the Soviet Union, but also as that of the Italian constitution for the social and assistance plans.