The Imperial State of Persia (Persian: کشور شاهنشاهی ایران Kešvar-e Šāhanšāhi-ye Irān), unofficially called Persia (Persian: ایران Irān) and more correctly Iran, is a sovereign nation in southern Central Asia: it shares land borders with Hindustan and Afghanistan to the east, Turkestan, the Caspian Sea and Russia to the north, Transcaucasia to the northwest, Kurdistan and the Arab Federation to the west, and the Persian Gulf to the south. Persian civilization dates back to immemorial times, and was one of the earliest superpowers of the world: the Persian empire survived well into the modern age in various forms, and recently gained prominence as a world power.
Persia's rise to prominence in the stage of global politics began in the late 19th century, when the country underwent a process of modernization and industrialization aimed at wrestling control of Persia's vast natural resources (especially oil) away from foreign economic powers, which at the time were mainly Great Britain and Russia. This process was brought to completion during the Great War, when the latter was being shaken by a violent civil war, and Britain's projection of power was being undermined by the war itself. During the last stage of the conflict, Persia entered the war against Great Britain aided by Germany and Japan, which both saw it as a precious potential ally: after setting up a friendly regime in neighboring Afghanistan, Persian and Afghan forces invaded British-held northwestern India while the Japanese fleet attacked the Royal Navy in the Indian Ocean. At the end of the war, Persia had notable territorial gains, and a complete control of its petroleum deposits, which were the fuel of a massive post-war industrial and economic development.
Today, Persia stands as the most powerful Muslim nation of the world and the hegemonic power in Central Asia and the Middle Eastern region: despite the contradictions still rooted in its society, such as the need to reconcile Islamic traditions with the need for westernization, it is rightfully counted among the twelve powers of the Concert, despite not being an European nations (together with Japan and the Confederacy). It is also one of the few Concert nations that does not have a colonial empire, but compensates for this with its abundance of natural resources.
Government and Politics
Constitution and Laws
Persia is a unitary constitutional monarchy: the head of state is the Emperor (Persian: شاهنشاه Šāhanšāh), who shares executive powers with his ministers, which are appointed by him. Legislative power is embodied by a bicameral parliament, the Consultative Assembly (Persian: مجلس Majles), subdivided into an upper house, the Senate (Persian: کاخ مجلس سنا Kach-e Madschles-e Sena), and a lower house, the National Consultative Assembly (Persian: مجلس شورای ملی Majles-e Šowrā-ye Mellī), which has the power to pass laws and veto certain actions taken by the Emperor and his ministers; members of the parliament are elected by universal male suffrage.
The Persian Empire is subdivided into numerous administrative districts.