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Republic of the Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas

Timeline: 2010: When the Earth Stood Still

OTL equivalent: The Philippines.
Flag of the Philippines Coat of arms of the Philippines
Flag Coat of Arms
PHL orthographic
Location of the Philippines

Motto
Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa (Filipino)
("For God, People, Nature, and Country")

Anthem "Lupang Hinirang"
Capital Manila
Largest city Quezon City
Other cities Caloocan, Cebu City, Davao City
Language
  official
 
English and Filipino
  others Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog
Religion
  main
 
Catholic
  others Buddhist, Muslim, Protestant
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Cebuano, Tagalog
  others Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Visayans
Demonym Filipino
Government Unitary presidential republic
  legislature Congress
President Benigno Aquino III
Area 300,000 km²
Population 92,337,852 (2010 Census) 
Independence from the United States
  declared March 24, 1934
  recognized July 4, 1946
Currency Peso (₱) (PHP)
Time Zone PST (UTC+8)
Calling Code +63
Internet TLD .ph
Organizations ASEAN, G24, NAM, UN
The Philippines, officially called the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of 7,107 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City; both are part of Metro Manila. The country shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north; Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei to the south and southwest, and the South China Sea to the east.

Despite being an ally of the United States, the Philippines was spared from nuclear attacks.

History

It is believed that the islands' first inhabitants were early humans who crossed from mainland Asia via land bridges. These early men are thought to have introduced new species of plants and animals. As the seas rose, these men were trapped in the islands and became their new home. These primarily dwelt in the caves and the forests. Eventually, the Austronesians arrived in boats and displaced these early humans. The next phase of history would see Islamic kingdoms and sultanates being established in the south of the islandThe first contact with the Philippine islands was when Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reached Limasawa after having an encounter with hostile natives in the island now known as present-day Guam. They were welcomed by the natives, and the first Christian mass was held in that location. Magellan's group then reached the island of Cebu, where they baptized the local king Rajah Humabon and his wife Queen Juana as Roman Catholics. However, not all natives welcomed the Europeans. One was the chieftain of Mactan Island named Lapu-Lapu. Lapu-Lapu was at odds with Rajah Humabon, as he distrusted the foreigners. The Europeans set fire to several villages in Mactan Island, and the stage was set for the first battle of the Filipinos against the Europeans. On April 27, 1521, against all odds, the Filipinos, which numbered thousands, faced roughly 60+ men from Magellan's group which were equipped with armor and armed with guns, cannons, crossbows, and the latest weapons available. They were able to defeat the Spaniards with Magellan being killed. The rest retreated to their ships and it would take another 60 years for the islands to be rediscovered again. In 1565, the Spaniards returned to the islands and conquered the settlement of Manila. The islands were then made under the possession of the Spanish Empire.

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