|Republic of the Philippines|
Republika ng PilipinasTimeline: The Dragon Splits
OTL equivalent: Philippines
|Largest city||Quezon City|
|Other cities||Cebu, Baguio, Davao, Zamboanga, Tacloban, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Tagbilaran, Ozamis, Ilo-ilo|
|-||Vice President||Leni Robredo|
|-||Independence From Spain||June 12, 1898|
|-||Tydings McDuffie Law||March 24, 1934|
|-||Independence recognized||July 4, 1946|
The Philippines is an Federal Republic archipelago of 7,107 islands in South East Asia. It was once a Spanish colony for 333 years when Andres Bonifacio led a revolt that toppled Imperialism and installed a bipartisan national movement in 1898. As of 2018, only two powers are transferring authority through a democratic constitution written by the neutral Nobel Laureate and their national hero Dr Jose P. Rizal.
Since its independence, it has isolated itself from colonial powers and promote intense nationalism within its borders. The 1898 Rizal Constitution is the oldest in Asia(second in the world) forged the internal pact of the 12 states never to break the union even in times of political instability. Rizal was assassinated in Spain causing the Filipinos tremendous hate for Spain that caused them to join the Allied Powers and opened the door for Foreign Trade. The Japanese never subdued the Philippines in the 1942 Japanese Blitzkrieg due to the courage of the Lam-Ang Army in the Battle of Ilocos. They even managed to invade Japanese Formosa and helped the Sediq Tribes establish the Democratic Island of Taiwan exposing the weakness of the Japanese Imperial Army. The Philippines was a founding member of the United Nations.
The two major political parties rooted from the faction of Magdiwang of Andres Bonifacio and Gen. Antonio Luna(later to become the Nacionalista Party) and Magdalo(later to become The Liberal Party) of the first President Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. This country-old political rivalry is known as "Pula't Dilaw". The succession after Aguinaldo went in order as follows: Manuel Quezon(N), Jose Laurel(N), Sergio Osmena(N), Manuel Roxas(L), Elpidio Quirino (L), Ramon Magsaysay(N), Carlos Garcia(N), Diosdado Macapagal(L), Ferdinand Marcos(N), Corazon Aquino(L), Gen. Fidel Ramos(L), Joseph Estrada(N), Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo(N), Benigno Aquino(L) and Rodrigo Duterte(N). It is notable of the party shift of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo from her father (she was a breakaway daughter due to Macapagal's polygamous lifestyle).
On January 25, 2015, 444 elite officers from the PNP-SAF (Special Action Force) were killed following a week-long secret operative to hunt an international Sunni Leader, Usman Marwan. Marwan was later confirmed to be killed in the operation. The incident, called "Fallen444" or the "F4," was blamed on faulty planning and "hero-time opportunity" and hence was a blow to the Aquino administration and the Liberal Party agendas. It is also affected the centuries-old Islamic-Christian Peace in the islands.
The Philippine Presidential Elections took place on May 9, 2016 nationwide. The candidates for Presidency included Rodrigo Duterte (former major of Davao City), Jejomar Binay (VP of President Aquino), Manuel "Mar" Roxas, Grace Poe (daughter of 2004 candidate Fernando Poe, Jr.), and Miriam Defensor-Santiago. Roy Señeres ran for president but passed away three months before the election. At the end of the day, Duterte was the presumed winner for President. He was inaugurated as the 16th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 2016 at the Malacañang Palace. The Philippine War on Drugs began on his Inauguration Day as the military and the police began hunting down drug users, drug pushers, and drug lords around the country. This opened up a new front of the Civil Conflict in the Philippines.
Result of the Arbitration
The Philippines recently won the case Philippines v. China when the United Nations Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled out in favor of the country over China's claims. The court unanimously ruled that China has "no historical rights" based on the so-called "nine-dash line" map. The PCA also ruled that Chinese reclamation activity in the West Philippine Sea has also caused an irreparable damage to the environment and asked the Chinese government to stop further activities in what they call the South China Sea. This decision was welcomed by the Philippines and its allies: namely the U.S., the E.U., the U.K., Scotland, Japan, Australia, and India. Beijing however rejected the decision made by the United Nations. As a result, China was removed from the UN G12 permanent members and dominoed to cause them an economic recession, or the "Fall of the Giant 2022"
Offensives Against the Abu-Sayaff
Following the Davao City bombings in September 2015, the Armed Forces increased their offensives against the Abu-Sayaff Group. Military forces launched attacks towards several camps of the terrorist organization in the island of Mindanao. Several ASG camps and fighters were decimated. In November 2015, ASG kidnapped a German national and killed his girlfriend. The Philippines, jointly with Malaysia and Indonesia, is investigating the kidnapping and has ramped up joint patrols in the southern areas.
On November 18, 2016, the body of late President Ferdinand Marcos was buried in the Libingan ng Mga Bayani in Taguig City. This drew controversy and major protests from majority of the citizens of the Philippines, including the ones who were victims of the Martial Law Era.
In April 2017, a band of Abu-Sayaff terrorists launched attacks on the island of Bohol. Bohol, which is a famous tourist spot in the Central Visayas Region and known for the Chocolate Hills, had its tourism sector affected. AFP Forces were deployed from nearby Cebu. After a month on the run, all the terrorists were killed after being cut off from their supplies.
The Maute group, an Islamic terrorist organization with ties to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, laid siege to Marawi City, Lanao Del Sur on May 23, 2017. This prompted massive evacuations of the cities residents to nearby Illigan City and other towns and provinces. Many civilians were killed as a result, with some being executed by the terrorist group. Casualties are also starting to rise within the Police and military forces after it was determined that the Maute group had been well dug-in within the city. The terrorist group was able to knockout three military armored vehicles. The government has responded by using airstrikes from AW109 armed helicopters, SF-260, OV-10 Broncos, and the F/A-50 fighter jet. A U.S. Navy P-3 Orion was spotted providing surveillance for the Philippine government troops, as well as the presence of U.S. Special Forces in terms of technical assistance.
The Philippines is a federal-presidential republic based on the ideals of democracy. The government is divided into three branches: Executive, Legislative and Judiciary. The 1898 Constitution remains in use today.
The executive branch is what leads the country. The office of the President and the Vice President are under this branch, voted by at-large plurality. The President of the Philippines functions both as the head-of-state and the head-of-government as well as serving as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces and law enforcement. The President resides in the Malacañang Palace in Metro Manila except for Rodrigo Duterte (who lives in his two-storey house in Davao) and Noynoy Aquino (who lived in Times Street Mental Hospital in Quezon City). With respect to Federalism, the Federal Minister (FM) has the supreme power in the laws of his Federal State. The three branches will only be over the Federal Government at times of international context and in the strict preservation as a nation.
The legislative council is composed of two representatives coming from the Twelve Federal States: Manila (National legislative building is in Quezon City), Solid North (capital: Laoag), Cordillera (capital: Baguio), Bigasan (capital: Subic), Niogan (capital: San Pablo), Kabikulan (capital: Naga), Waraynon (capital: Catbalogan), Visaya (capital: Cabu), Perlas (capital: Kalibo), Western Mindanao (capital: Zamboanga), Eastern Mindanao (capital: Davao), and Bangsamoro (capital: Marawi). Altogether they form the legislative branch we call the senate. The 24-member senate is led by the vice president in case of resolution of a 12-12 tie in national decisions.
The judiciary branch enforces the laws made by the senate although they have an independent but equal power with respect to the other branches. They can even overrule a legislative bill or presidential decree. The Supreme Court in Taguig City is where the Chief Justice resides. The selection of the Chief Justice is apolitical but systematically merit-based. The International Judicial Bar and Council, a team of previous Bar Topnotchers protected by diplomatic immunity will return home for a summit for the selection of the new Chief Justice every two years or whenever an incumbent dies. Mental and physical aptness, CPD units as well as historical impact are critically weighed to become the Chief Justice in order to perfectly observed the triangle equality of three branches of the governments.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines is responsible for the internal and external defense of the republic. As of 2017, there are 172,500 active personnel and 325,750 reserve personnel. The Armed Forces are divided into the following branches: Army, Air Force, and Navy (which includes the Marine Corps). All forces in the military are issued with the M16 assault rifle, the newer M4 Carbine and the M14 battle rifle. Special Forces are often issued with newer weapons.
The Army is the primary ground forces composed of many battalions and regiments spread out across the archipelago. The branch operates a variety of utility vehicles and armored vehicles. Part of this branch includes the Scout Rangers special forces and the Civilian Armed Force Geographic Unit (CAFGU) irregular forces. The CAFGU mainly functions as paramilitary force protecting villages from insurgents are mostly armed with World War II-era and Cold War-era weapons. The Scout Rangers on the other hand are one of the most elite special forces of the Philippine military, known for their skills in jungle warfare. The Scout Rangers are mostly armed with the M16, M14 and the Steyr AUG.
The Air Force is currently upgrading its fleet. It has added F/A-50 Fighter jets from Korea since 2015, primarily due to the fact the PAF has retired the F-5E Freedom Fighter 2005. In addition to that, the Air Force has purchased or received C-295 Cargo Planes from Spain, C-130s from the United States, and AW109s from Italy. Prior to this modernization program, the PAF mainly operated UH-1 Hueys, Bell 412s, S-70s, MG-520G light attack helicopters, the OV-10 Bronco, and the SAIA S-211 subsonic trainer jet.
The Navy is also on the process of modernization. The Navy has acquired three Del Pilar-class frigates (former USCG cutters) from the United States, two Luna-class strategic sea life vessels (SSV) LPDs from Indonesia, and three landing craft utilities from Australia. Two missile frigates are reportedly on order from South Korea. The Philippine Marine Corps and The Naval Special Operations Group (NAVSOG), based on the U.S. Navy SEALs, is also under this branch.
While not under the military, the Philippine National Police and the Philippine Coast Guard are the primarily force used in civilian defense. Their commander-in-chief is still the president.
The Philippines has maintained relations with most countries of the world. The country is a member of ASEAN, UN, and APEC. Traditionally, the Philippines has good relations with much of the west, particularly the United States and the European Union.In 2016, however, President Duterte proposed an independent foreign policy. He lambasted the Obama Administration, causing the souring of U.S.-Philippine relations. Instead, Duterte has sought to fix ties with China and seek closer relationship with Russia - both economic and military rivals of the United States. Duterte also strengthened Philippine relations with much of ASEAN, South Korea and Japan. His anti-American and anti-imperialist stance cooled down with the 2016 Donald Trump win and the Philippines still remained one of the strongest U.S. alliances in the Asia-Pacific region.
Culture and Sports
The Philippines was known as the Birthplace of Rap Music n' Culture after the war based on anecdotal origins such as wearing baggy clothes when Western relief supplies sent bigger sized apparels to the devastated country. Moreover, the Philippines embraced the sport of Basketball like one of their numerous man-made religions and had produced the best shooters in the NBA such as Jeremy "0.99 3P%" Lin, Jayson "The Asian Muggsy" Castro, JM Fajardo and Jordan "The Cavs Prince" Clarkson. The highest point of their international basketball campaign was winning the Bronze Medal vs Russia in the 2012 Olympics in the hyped "Rocky vs Drago 2.0" match. Samar Basketball College has perfected the art of three point shooting and holds a cult-based "pulse hand meditation" in Mount Huraw for its chosen athletes. Despite all of this, the archipelago is still a technology-scarce country due to "show-off" based ultrareligious identities of the various cultures reinforced by federalistic isolation as well as lack of national political backing.