In this timeline, Plato's Republic is put into practice by the ancient Greeks as an actual system of government, which thanks to Aristotle and Alexander the Great soon spreads throughout Europe and Asia. Becoming almost religious in nature, it comes into conflict with the East and conflict is inevitable. However, with Greek technology and science able to continue uninterrupted, this timeline is also more advanced than the OTL. Yet corruption and conflict still exist and even the best attempts at utopia inevitable fail.
"Are dogs divided into he's and she's, or do they both share equally in hunting and in keeping watch and in the other duties of dogs? or do we entrust to the males the entire and exclusive care of the flocks, while we leave the females at home, under the idea that the bearing and suckling their puppies is labour enough for them?" The overall concept is that as male and female dogs are equal, why not humans? Unless too weak, both should have equal opportunities. This would form part of Plato's "Kallipolis" or utopia. The rest of Plato's work is treated with varying degrees of acceptance. Ultimately, Aristotle is the point of divergence, as he promotes that particular passage above all after being caught in an accident that didn't originally occur that changed his views. With greater manpower and resources, Greece is able to overcome many opponents such as Rome. Organised on the basis of a worker class (Civilians) to represent desire, soldiers (Guardians) to represent spirit and a philosopher king (known as a "philarchon") to represent reason, this mimics Plato's views on human nature. Aristotle modified it slightly to introduce democracy rather than just having a dictatorship, but otherwise the principle is unchanged. Aristotle himself has different philosophical views than in the OTL, to account for any flaws or discrepancies.
In this timeline historical people will be mostly the same as they were in the OTL. The author is aware of the butterfly effect, which is highlighted in the timeline where it says "chaos theory". The reason is that the author would prefer to concentrate on events, technology and ideology rather than have to make up characters in addition to those 3 aspects. Readers may like to assume that these are different people, they just have similar names and jobs to someone in the OTL, though the author doesn't personally believe this. Some people are significantly different- Phyruss of Epirus is replaced by a woman called Phyrra of Epirus to demonstrate the gender egalitarianism in a society based on Republic and also introduce a new Hellenic fighting force to explain why Epirus conquered Rome. Historical events are also tied to our universe- the 2 versions of the French Revolution happen at the same time. However, the Spanish Armada takes place 30 years earlier, though remains similar. Explanation on technology can be found here.
There may be some words and phrases used in this timelines articles that may be unusual to readers. In case an explanation is needed, here it is.
- Philarchon: the authors word for philosopher-monarchs, derived from phil of philosophy and archon, a Greek word for leader
- Kallipolis: the term used for the ideal society. "Kallipolic" was made up by the author. Perhaps "Kallipolitan" would be more appropriate.
- Guardian and Civilian: terms used for the soldiers and normal people. Guardian is Plato's, Civilian is conjectural.