- The United States- Communists and the Labor Movement.
As the Old World embraced reform in the ashes of world wide war the United States found itself increasingly scarred by class war. In the Early 20th century economic cycles took an even greater toll on America's industrial working class and still large agricultural work force. Increasingly defined by its own divisions America's people began to turn on each other. The working class continued to face hardship and the middle-class felt abandoned and betrayed by ever larger cooperate blocs and a minimalist government that took little action to intervene for the plight of the people.
Americans, though focused on their own problems, took some inspirations from foreign events. The media campaign against Germany waged by the government and private businesses had the intention of securing support for the war, but had unintended consequences. In the long term, America's people drew parallels between the Conservative German Empire and the upper class of the United States. As Germany's workforce was exploited for profits of a market economy and mobilized to attack other countries Americans came to believe their home front was no different from Germany. President at the time Woodrow Wilson was even called by his opponents as 'Papa Kaiser'. Wilson's suppression of war time dissent entrenched more resentment of America's people in the years to come.
By contrast some foreign influences on the United States were seen as positive. The withdrawal of Russian from World War I and the October Revolution of 1917, though criticized in the media, struck of a cord with American dissenters. The sight of a newly created socialist state exiting a War on behalf of its people was a positive example. Some Americans visited the Soviet Union and witnessed successful socialist reforms. Returning home America's leftists had a model to follow and convictions to pursue in reconstructing the country.
Road to Revolution
The aftermath of World War I saw the flaring of tensions across the old United States. Though physically unscathed the war was the groundwork for future tensions. High casualties and expense sowed distrust toward existing institutions. The growth of America's middle-class in the post-war era increased dissent as a more educated people questioned the fundamentals of their society. Meanwhile, American officials became more paranoid perceiving an international Communist attack on the verge of threatening their shores.
General strikes of steel and coal workers were declared in 1919 and 1920 being forcibly suppressed by government soldiers. The organized labor movement, radicalized previously moderate organizations such as the American Federation of Labor saw little room of compromise with management in the workplace. The suppression of left-leaning votes in the infamous 1924 election convinced many that the existing structure of the government would not permit reforms from elected officials.
The failed 1925 revolution broke out as a Pullman's strike before becoming a large general strike across the United States and put the United States into a year of disorder, though relatively little blood was shed compared to later events. Brutal suppression of demonstrators in Baltimore worsened perceptions of the government.
Importantly, however, Sarah Leslie's reputation as a revolutionary for mobilizing urban workers nationwide for the general strike.
Rebirth of the nation
After the failure of 1925, tensions dissipated below the surface and for a time there was a return to normalcy. Americans returned to work and the government increased laws on sanctioning left leaning activities. A developing consumer economy detracted many from unlawful political activities and some Americans returned to their lives content at conveniences provided by the consumer economy.
The Wall Street of Crash of 1929 was the turning point that led to the revolutions of 1932 and the following Civil War. In a single day - Black Thursday - millions of ordinary people lost their fortunes as speculators confidence in the economy collapsed. Poverty and hunger became widespread across the country. This was also coupled with natural disasters such as the Dust Bowl in the Central States.
The American Workers Party (AWP) led by Sarah Leslie discredited the traditional parties of the United States and promoted radical revolution as the only solution to America's corrupt society. In July 1932, the Revolution began when the police and soldiers refused to suppress the protests against the the coup d'état of the Business Plot prevented Franklin Delano Roosevelt from swearing into office in Washington D.C., New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Detroit and Pittsburgh.
The US Army in some areas across the country refused to accept the revolution and attempted to preserve the old United States. Over the course of four years the nation experienced destruction that exceeded the first American Civil War. Public discontent and the seizure of state governments by workers councils assured the victory of the revolutionary forces. The Proclamation of the United Socialist Republics of America - recreated from the old United States - started a new era in North American History.