|President of the|
United Cygnian States
Flag of the President of Cygnia
|Federal Executive Council|
|Style||His/Her Excellency the Honourable (formal)|
Mister/Madam President (spoken)
|Member of||Federal Executive Council|
|Nominator||Joint sitting of Congress and state parliaments|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||8 years|
|Inaugural holder||William McKell|
|Formation||1 January 1949|
|Deputy||Vice President of the Federal Executive Council|
The President of the United Cygnian States, also known as the President of the Union (POTU), is the head of state of Cygnia. The Constitution establishes the country as a federal parliamentary constitutional republic, with the President formally leading the executive branch of the Cygnian federal government and the Cygnian Armed Forces. The President chairs the Federal Executive Council, and is empowered to appoint ministers, judges and ambassadors. They also grant presidential assent to legislation passed by Congress, issue writs for election, and also bestow honours.
Under Article Two of the Constitution, the President is elected for a single term of eight years through a direct popular vote. Three candidates for the presidency are nominated each election cycle by a joint sitting of the federal and state legislatures. Generally speaking, the President follows the traditions and conventions of the Westminster system, maintaining political neutrality. The President almost always acts on the advice of the Chancellor or other ministers, or, in certain cases, Congress. The President also serves in a number of ceremonial capacities, and is seen as the representative of the Cygnian nation.
The President is commonly seen to be the embodiment of the nation's "social conscience and moral compass", and is able to comment on and campaign for the address of non-partisan issues such as indigenous affairs, education, health and human rights, among others, without much controversy. When considering presidential assent of legislation, the President may not withhold assent (that is, veto the bill), but may review and seek clarification from Congress. The President also issues a "State of the Union" address at each State Opening of Congress to relay to Members of Congress the priorities and expectations of Cygnians in relation to the non-partisan issues, and help improve the quality and consistency of policy reforms, parliamentary debates and community outcomes over the lifetime of different governments.
There have been 11 Presidents since the office was established in 1948. The current President is Carmen Lawrence, an academic and former Premier of Carolina, who was elected in 2018 and took office on 26 January 2019.
List of Presidents
|Term of office||Previous position||Political party||Chancellor|
|Election||Term start||Term end|
|1948||29 January 1949||26 January 1957||2nd Secretary-General of the Council of the Federation (1948–1949)||Labour|
|1956||26 January 1957||30 January 1965||Minister for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1951–1960)||National|
|1964||30 January 1965||27 January 1973||Minister for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1964–1965)||National|
|1972||27 January 1973||16 March 1977||Chief Justice of New Albion (1972–1974)||Independent|
|Presidium||16 March 1977||28 January 1978|
|1977||28 January 1978||25 January 1986||Vice-Chancellor of the University of New Zealand (1970–1977)||Independent|
|1985||25 January 1986||29 January 1994||Justice of the Supreme Court of Cygnia (1972–1982)||Independent|
|1993||29 January 1994||26 January 2002||Leader of the Opposition (1977–1983)||Labour|
|2001||26 January 2002||29 May 2003||Anglican Archbishop of Brisbane (1989–2001)||Independent|
|Presidium||29 May 2003||24 January 2004|
|2003||24 January 2004||28 January 2012||Governor of Gibson||Independent|
|2011||28 January 2012||25 January 2020||Governor of New Zealand (2003–2009)||Independent|
|2019||25 January 2020||Incumbent||35th Minister for Health and Human Services (1994–1997)||Labour|