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The President of the Republic of Japan (Japanese: ミンコクソサイ; Kanji: 民國總裁 Minkoku Sōsai) is the head of state of Japan. This office was created in 1919 following the establishment of the Republic of Japan. The official office and residence of the President of the Republic of Japan is formally called as the Presidential Office of the Republic of Japan (Japanese: ミンコクソサイコテイ; Kanji: 民國總裁公邸 Minkoku Sōsai Kōtei), located on Shirokanedai, Minato, Tokyo, the national capital of Japan. But, the office is usually (and popularly) referred as the Teien (Japanese: テイエン; Kanji: 庭園) which means 'garden' in Japanese, simply because the office building is surrounded by a traditional Japanese garden.

Duties and functions

Teien art museum

Teien, the official residence of the President of Japan

The President of the Republic is elected by the National Congress for a four-year term and can be re-elected indefinitely. According to the Constitution of Japan, the office of President is the head of state of the Republic of Japan and the political commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The President of the Republic is responsible for conducting foreign relations, such as concluding treaties, declaring war, and making peace. The President has no right to veto any Congress decisions. Other powers of the President include granting amnesty, pardon or clemency, declaring martial law, and conferring honors and decorations.

Prior to World War II, the Constitution did not clearly defines the office of President as the powerful position in the country. However, the multiple political posts which held by Nagayama Yoshida in the government and in the Party, made the office quite powerful through Nagayama's charismatic authority. Its established a political precedent which makes the State Presidency as the supreme political office in the country. Following the 1946 constitutional amendment, the Presidential authorities are slightly reduced to less powerful than before and the President serves primarily as a ceremonial position. The office can be powerful depends how much the influence of office-holder has within the Nationalist Party.

List of Presidents of the Republic of Japan

Name
(Lifespan)
Picture Term start Term end Political Party
1 Nagayama Yoshida

ナガヤマ ヨシダ
(1871–1952)

45bab0c3 February 19, 1919 March 17, 1951 Japanese Nationalist Party
2 Matsuoka Komakichi

マツオカ コマキチ
(1888–1958)

Komakichi matsuoka March 17, 1951 August 14, 1958 Japanese Nationalist Party
3 Konoe Fumimaro

コノエ フミマロ
(1891–1964)

Fumimaro Konoe 6 August 14, 1958 July 6, 1959 Japanese Nationalist Party
4 Matsudaira Yoshichika

マツダイラ ヨシチカ
(1886–1976)

93BF90EC8B6090e July 6, 1959 July 27, 1967 Japanese Nationalist Party
5 Minobe Ryōkichi

ミノベ リョキチ
(1904–1984)

23007000491 July 27, 1967 July 4, 1975 Japanese Nationalist Party
6 Miki Takeo

ミキ タケオ
(1907–1988)

Takeo Miki cropped 1 Takeo Miki 19741209 July 4, 1975 July 26, 1983 Japanese Nationalist Party
7 Suzuki Zenko

スズキ ゼンコ
(1911–2004)

Zenko Suzuki cropped 1 Zenko Suzuki 19800717 July 26, 1983 July 26, 1991 Japanese Nationalist Party
8 Miyazawa Kiichi

ミヤザワ キイチ
(1919–2007)

Kiichi Miyazawa 19911105 July 26, 1991 July 26, 1999 Japanese Nationalist Party
9 Hata Tsutomu

ハタ ツトム
(1935–2017)

Tsutomu Hata cropped 1 Tsutomu Hata 19940428 July 26, 1999 July 26, 2007 Japanese Nationalist Party
10 Tanigaki Sadakazu

タニガキ サダカズ
(1945–)

20140903-00000004-wordleaf-07255267942c8d9a5478f45d0a37580b9 July 26, 2007 July 26, 2015 Japanese Nationalist Party
11 Maehara Seiji

マエハラ セイジ
(1962–)

Maehara Seiji July 26, 2015 July 26, 2023
(currently serving)
Japanese Nationalist Party
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