|President of the|
Flag of Mexico
|Executive branch of the Mexican Government|
Office of the President of Mexico
|Style||Mr/Madam President (informal)|
His/Her Excellency (diplomatic)
|Term length||Six years (sexenio)|
|Inaugural holder||Guadalupe Victoria|
|Formation||10 October 1842|
179 years ago
|Salary||$208,570.92 per month, before taxes|
The President of the Mexican Empire (Spanish: Presidente del Imperio Mexicano) is the head of government of Mexico. Under the Constitution, the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Mexican Armed Forces. The current president is Enrique Peña Nieto, who took office on 1 December 2012.
Currently, the office of the President is considered to be revolutionary, in that the powers of office are derived from the Revolutionary Constitution of 1917. Another legacy of the Revolution is its ban on re-election. Mexican president are limited to a single six-year term, called a sexenio. No one who has held the post, even on a caretaker basis, is allowed to run or serve again.
Requirements to hold office
Chapter III of Title III of the Constitution deals with the executive branch of government and sets forth the powers of the president, as well as the qualifications for the office. While the Emperor is considered the "supreme executive power of the Empire", this power is completely and automatically devolved to the president, in effect making the Emperor little more than a figurehead. This was the result of the First Mexican Revolution, after which the new Constitution stripped the Emperor of his powers and vested them in the president, while allowing him to remain on the throne.
To be eligible to serve as president, Article 82 of the Constitution specifies that the following requirements must be met:
- Be a natural-born citizen of Mexico ("mexicano por nacimiento") able to exercise full citizenship rights, with at least one parent who is a natural-born citizen of Mexico
- Be a resident of Mexico for at least 20 years.
- Be 35 years of age or older at the time of the election.
- Be a resident of Mexico for the entire year prior to the election (although absences of 30 days or fewer are explicitly stated not to interrupt residency).
- Not be an official or minister of any church or religious denomination.
- Not be in active military service during the six months prior to the election
- Not be a secretary or state or under-secretary of state, attorney general, governor of a State, or head of the government of the Federal District, unless "separated from the post" (resigned or been granted permanent leave of absence) at least six months prior to the election.
- Not have been president already, even in a provisional capacity.
The ban on any sort of presidential re-election, dating back to the aftermath of the Porfiriato and the end of the Second Mexican Revolution, has remained in place even as it was relaxed for other offices. In 2014, the constitution was amended to allow Deputies and Senators to run for a second consecutive term. Previously, Deputies and Senators were barred from successive re-election. However, the restriction on presidential re-election, even if it is nonsuccessive, remained in place.