|President of the|
Russian Democratic Federative Republic
Coat of arms of Russia
|Style||Mr. President (formal)|
Comrade Supreme Commander (within military)
His Excellency (diplomatic)
|Residence||Peterhof Grand Palace|
Saint Petersburg, Russia
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||6 years|
|Inaugural holder||Viktor Chernov|
|Formation||6 May 1906|
115 years ago
|Salary||3.6 million rubles annually|
The President of the Russian Democratic Federative Republic (Russian: Президент Российской Демократической Федеративной Республики tr. Prezident Rossiiskoi Demokraticheskoi Federativnoi Respubliki) is the elected head of state and government of Russia. The president leads the executive branch of the Russian federal government and is the Supreme Commander of the Russian Armed Forces.
Formed in 1906 amid the Russian Revolution, the presidency was created first to lead the newly formed Russian Constituent Assembly, and by extension the provisional government. The office of president was officially codified in Section One of the Russian Constitution adopted on 18 October 1907. The first presidential election was held in November 1907, and Viktor Chernov, who had served as the provisional president, was inaugurated on 11 November 1907.
In 1909, Chernov resigned from the presidency. As he did not have a deputy to succeed him, his resignation precipitated a constitutional crisis as the fixed terms established by the Constitution did not legally allow for a new presidential election. An "emergency" amendment to the Constitution was passed by Parliament on 9 October 1909, which allowed for a new election to be held specifically to fill Chernov's vacancy, and for the creation of a Vice Presidency. Whoever holds the office is responsible for both assisting the President in the executive branch and overseeing Parliament as the Chairman of the State Council. Should the President become incapacitated or otherwise unable to execute his office, the duties of the presidency are transferred to the Vice President, who becomes Acting President. If the President is impeached, the Vice President succeeds him or her as President, serving at least for the remainder of their predecessor's term.
The powers of the presidency include the execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal ministers, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn Parliament under extraordinary circumstances. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Republic.
The president is elected directly through a popular vote to a six-year term. On 26 May 2017, Gennady Zyuganov became Russia's 12th and current president.
List of presidents
|Socialist-Revolutionary RSDLP United Russia New Socialist|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Vice President|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|11 November 1907||29 July 1909
|3 December 1909||21 January 1924
Died in office
|21 January 1924||26 May 1927||RSDLP||Joseph Stalin|
|26 May 1927||26 May 1951||RSDLP||Vyacheslav Molotov|
|26 May 1951||26 May 1963||RSDLP||Anastas Mikoyan|
|26 May 1963||26 May 1981||RSDLP|
|26 May 1981||9 February 1984
Died in office
|9 February 1984||10 March 1985
Died in office
|10 March 1985||26 May 1999||RSDLP||Boris Yeltsin|
|26 May 1999||26 May 2011||United Russia||Andrey Bogdanov|
|26 May 2011||26 May 2017||United Russia||Grigory Yavlinsky|
|26 May 2017||Incumbent||New Socialist||Yury Afonin|