Alternative History
President of the
Russian Democratic Federative Republic
Russian coa 1917.svg
Coat of arms of Russia
Gennady Zyuganov, 2013.jpeg
Gennady Zyuganov

since 26 May 2017
Style Mr. President (formal)
Comrade Supreme Commander (within military)
His Excellency (diplomatic)
Residence Peterhof Grand Palace
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length 6 years
Inaugural holder Viktor Chernov
Formation 6 May 1906
115 years ago
Deputy Vice President
Salary 3.6 million rubles annually

The President of the Russian Democratic Federative Republic (Russian: Президент Российской Демократической Федеративной Республики tr. Prezident Rossiiskoi Demokraticheskoi Federativnoi Respubliki) is the elected head of state and government of Russia. The president leads the executive branch of the Russian federal government and is the Supreme Commander of the Russian Armed Forces.

Formed in 1906 amid the Russian Revolution, the presidency was created first to lead the newly formed Russian Constituent Assembly, and by extension the provisional government. The office of president was officially codified in Section One of the Russian Constitution adopted on 18 October 1907. The first presidential election was held in November 1907, and Viktor Chernov, who had served as the provisional president, was inaugurated on 11 November 1907.

In 1909, Chernov resigned from the presidency. As he did not have a deputy to succeed him, his resignation precipitated a constitutional crisis as the fixed terms established by the Constitution did not legally allow for a new presidential election. An "emergency" amendment to the Constitution was passed by Parliament on 9 October 1909, which allowed for a new election to be held specifically to fill Chernov's vacancy, and for the creation of a Vice Presidency. Whoever holds the office is responsible for both assisting the President in the executive branch and overseeing Parliament as the Chairman of the State Council. Should the President become incapacitated or otherwise unable to execute his office, the duties of the presidency are transferred to the Vice President, who becomes Acting President. If the President is impeached, the Vice President succeeds him or her as President, serving at least for the remainder of their predecessor's term.

The powers of the presidency include the execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal ministers, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn Parliament under extraordinary circumstances. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Republic.

The president is elected directly through a popular vote to a six-year term. On 26 May 2017, Gennady Zyuganov became Russia's 12th and current president.

List of presidents

     Socialist-Revolutionary      RSDLP      United Russia      New Socialist
# Portrait Name
Term of Office Political Party Vice President
Took Office Left Office
1 Viktor Chernov (1873-1952), Russian revolutionary (small).jpg Viktor Chernov
11 November 1907 29 July 1909
Socialist-Revolutionary None
2 Vladimir Lenin.jpg Vladimir Ulyanov
3 December 1909 21 January 1924
Died in office
RSDLP Lev Bronstein
3 Lev Trotsky.jpg Lev Bronstein
21 January 1924 26 May 1927 RSDLP Joseph Stalin
4 President Stalin.png Joseph Stalin
26 May 1927 26 May 1951 RSDLP Vyacheslav Molotov
Georgy Malenkov
5 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruschtschow.jpg Nikita Khrushchev
26 May 1951 26 May 1963 RSDLP Anastas Mikoyan
6 Leonid Brežněv (Bundesarchiv).jpg Leonid Brezhnev
26 May 1963 26 May 1981 RSDLP
Yuri Andropov
7 Yuri Andropov - Soviet Life, August 1983.jpg Yuri Andropov
26 May 1981 9 February 1984
Died in office
RSDLP Konstantin Chernenko
8 Konstantin Chernenko.gif Konstantin Chernenko
9 February 1984 10 March 1985
Died in office
RSDLP Vacant
9 Mikhail Gorbachev 1985.jpg Mikhail Gorbachev
(born 1931)
10 March 1985 26 May 1999 RSDLP Boris Yeltsin
United Russia
10 Mikhail Kasyanov par Claude Truong-Ngoc mars 2015.jpg Mikhail Kasyanov
(born 1957)
26 May 1999 26 May 2011 United Russia Andrey Bogdanov
11 Dmitry Medvedev official large photo -1.jpg Dmitry Medvedev
(born 1965)
26 May 2011 26 May 2017 United Russia Grigory Yavlinsky
12 Gennady Zyuganov, 2013.jpeg Gennady Zyuganov
(born 1944)
26 May 2017 Incumbent New Socialist Yury Afonin