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Punjabi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
Panjabi, Panjaabi, Punjaabi
Spoken in Majority:
Punjab Flag (A Different Story).png Punjab
Sizeable minority:
Af pakht3.svg Pakhtunkhwa
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
No flag.svg Hazaraistan
No flag.svg Aimaqistan
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Flag of Rajasthan (Raj Karega Khalsa).png Rajasthan
Flag of Sindhudesh.svg Sindh
Flag of Gujarat (Raj Karega Khalsa).png Gujarat
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bengal
Ahom insignia plain.svg Assam
Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal
Flag of the Balochistan Liberation Army.svg Balochistan
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Mazun
Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan
Flag of Myanmar.svg Burma
Sikh Kashmir.png Kashmir
Flag of Gilgit-Baltistan.png Balawaristan
Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya
Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda
Flag of Bihar.png Bihar
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maharashtra
Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan
Flag of Rajasthan (Raj Karega Khalsa).png Rajasthan
Flag of Awadh.svg Agra & Awadh
Flag of Myanmar.svg Burma
Flag State of Yunnan (TNE).png Yunnan
Cantonese Flag.png Canton
Flag of Tibet.svg Tibet
Ethnicity Punjabi
Language family
Dialects
Majhi (prestige dialect)
Official status
Official language in Punjab Flag (A Different Story).png Punjab
Language codes
ISO 639-1 pa
ISO 639-3

Punjabi (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 102 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 9th most widely spoken language (2010) in the world. It is the native language of the Punjabi people from Punjab. It is the only tonal language among the Indo-Aryan languages.

Differences from ATL Punjabi and OTL

Standardisation and dialects

In the OTL, Punjabi was not official anywhere until 1966, when it was made official Indian Punjab after the Punjabi Suba Movement. Under Muslim and Sikh rule the official language of Punjab was Persian, under the British it was Urdu and under India, Hindi and Pakistan, Urdu. This lack of standardisation has led to various diverged Punjabi dialects, such as the Saraiki dialect and Hindko dialect, and various Western Pahari languages, such as Dogri and Pothwari, regarded as Punjabi dialects by some scholars and distinct languages by others, creating dialect vs language scenarios.

In this ATL, Punjabi standardised and made official in Sikh Empire in 1850, replacing Persian. Whilst the dialects/languages, mentioned above, still exist, but are solely considered as dialects due to the early standardisation, these dialects/languages have been even more heavily influenced by Punjabi.

Scripts

In OTL, the Punjab region has two scripts, Gurmukhi script in the majority Sikh Indian Punjab and the Shahmukhi script for in majority Muslim Pakistani Punjab. In the Punjab, due to a long period of Sikh rule, there is majority Sikh population meaning that Gurmukhi is the sole script of the Punjabi language.

Vocabulary

The major difference in the words are that English borrowed words such as; bus, phone, mobile have been replaced by archaic or non OTL existing words, as English had little to no impact on the language unlike in OTL. In OTL Punjabi mostly English country names are used, in ATL most names come from Persian.

Even heavier Persian influence

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