Qatar (Arabic: قطر Qatar) officially the State of Qatar (Arabic: دولة قطر Dawlat Qatar), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. An arm of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island country of Bahrain.
Events began to change in Qatar in the early 1800s with two events, the arrival of the Al-Thani clan in 1825 and the appearance of the British. The Al-Thani emerged as the most powerful and respected clan in Qatar and was looked upon as the leader of all the tribes. Around this same time, the British arrived in the Persian Gulf, determined to impose law and order. In 1868 through various peace treaties, Britain acknowledged Qatar as a country separate from that of Bahrain, which had been a long standing dispute between the two areas. Ten years later, Jassim bin Muhammed Bin Thani was appointed Emir of Qatar, establishing the family's control of the throne which lasts until this day. In the 1870s, the growing Ottoman Empire claimed sovereignty over Qatar until it collapsed following World War I in 1913. This marked the beginning of a close relationship with the British in 1916, when Qatar became a protectorate under treaty in exchange for safety. Over the following decades, the discovery of oil would set in motion massive changes to Qatar's society, country's economy, and infrastructure along with the creation of a government structure under British guidance. With Britain's announcement in 1968 that it planned to leave, Qatar set about creating a new government and constitution. On September 3, 1971, it officially declared independence.
World War III
Qatar did not takes sides during World War III. The country remained neutral but remained vocal towards the United States-led Allies. The military was placed on high alert in case Iran would take advantage of the situation, something that never happened.
Qatar, alongside Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, was accused of supporting the Taliban in Afghanistan following the end of World War III.