Alternative History
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Raymond Poincaré
Duke of Bar
Senator of Meuse
In office
22 February 1903 - 15 October 1934
31 years, 7 months and 21 days
Preceded byCharles Humbert
Succeeded byArthur Mirouel
President of the Council of Ministers
In office
16 January 1930 - 1 September 1932
MonarchJean III
Preceded byEdouard Herriot
Succeeded byAndré Tardieu
In office
1 March 1923 - 29 April 1925
MonarchPhilippe VIII
Preceded byAlexandre Millerand
Succeeded byAmédée Reille-Soult de Dalmatie
In office
8 June 1915 - 21 October 1920
MonarchPhilippe VIII
Preceded byDenys Cochin
Succeeded byAlexandre Millerand
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
8 June 1915 - 21 October 1920
Prime Ministerhimself
Preceded byÉtienne Flandin
Succeeded byEdmond Lefebvre du Prey
Minister of Finance
In office
16 January 1930 - 1 September 1932
Prime Ministerhimself
Preceded byJoseph Caillaux
Succeeded byPierre-Étienne Flandin
In office
1 March 1923 - 29 April 1925
Prime Ministerhimself
Preceded byFrédéric François-Marsal
Succeeded byFrédéric François-Marsal
In office
14 March 1906 – 25 October 1906
Prime MinisterJacques Piou
Preceded byPierre Mathieu-Bodet
Succeeded byLouis Passy
Member of Parliament for Meuse department
In office
31 July 1887 - 22 February 1903
Preceded byHenri Liouville
Succeeded byAuguste Grosdidier
Personal details
Born Raymond Nicolas Landry Poincaré
20 August 1860
Bar-le-Duc, France
Died 15 October 1934 (aged 74)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Political party National Liberal-Conservative Alliance
Other political
affiliations
Pragmatic Rallied
Moderate Republicans
Spouse(s) Henriette Benucci (m. 1904)
Alma mater University of Nantes
University of Paris
Profession Lawyer
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature

Raymond Nicolas Landry Poincaré (20 August 1860 – 15 October 1934) was a French statesman who served three times as Prime Minister of France. He was a conservative leader, primarily committed to political and social stability, who incarnated the final ralliement of conservatives and moderates republicans to the Second Restoration.

Great-grandson of Jean Landry Gillon, monarchist deputy during the reign of Louis-Philippe. Raymond Poincaré, like many people of his generation, was marked by the defeat of 1870. Trained in law, he was noticed by writings in Republican newspapers. In 1883, he delivered a speech, in which he praised the republican Jules Dufaure, ex-president of the Council and figure of opposition to the monarchy, deceased two years before. Categorized as an opponent by the royal majority, he began his political career as a moderate Lorraine republican. After the death of Henri V, the cementing of the parliamentary system and the loss of influence of the moderate republican forces, Poincaré linked to the financed circles is then pushed to join the monarchical power. Through a so-called Ralliement policy; the moderate and socially conservative republcans - in order to face the rise of socialists and nationalists who question them the social order - support the stability of the monarchical regime, this rallying is in return supported by the royalist majority and officialized by king Philippe VIII in 1897.

Leader of the Ralliés in the 1900 elections, he sought to maintain independence from the National Liberal Action. Returning to government in 1903, as Minister of Education, he began his ministerial career, becoming Minister of Finance in 1906. After a diplomatic crisis with internal repercussions, which made him cross the desert. The arrival of the First World War, marks his return, and becomes the great figure of the Sacred Union, after the resignation of Denis Cochin, he was appointed Head of the Government of National Union in 1915, this government despite many changes will remain the only government of the rest of the conflict. Figure of the unity of France with King Philippe VIII, Raymond Poincaré is ennobled and obtains the title of Duke of Bar in 1919.  Retiring from politics in 1920, he is called by Philippe VIII to return to face to the internal crisis facing post-war France. Leaving politics again in 1925, it was the Krak of 1929 who brought him back without any call from Jean III, applying a policy of budgetary austerity from 1930 to 1932.

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