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German Reichstag
Deutscher Reichstag
45th Reichstag
Logo of the Reichstag
Type
Leadership
President Norbert Lammert, CDU
since 18 October 2005
Vice Presidents Edelgard Bulmahn, SPD
since 22 October 2013

Petra Pau, DAP
since 7 April 2006

Claudia Roth, The Greens
since 22 October 2013

Ulla Schmidt, SPD
since 22 October 2013

Johannes Singhammer, CSU
since 22 October 2013
History
Established 18 January 1871
Structure
Members 779
Reichstag 2015 JoW.svg
Political groups Government (622)

Opposition Parties (157)

Election
Voting system Personalised Proportional Representation (MMP)
Last election 22 September 2013
Next election 24 September 2017
Meeting place
German Reichstag Plenary Chamber JoW.jpg
Reichstag building
Berlin, Germany
Website
www.reichstag.de

The Reichstag (German, "Imperial Diet") is a constitutional and legislative body at the federal level in Germany. For its similar function, it is often described as a lower house of parliament along the lines of the Cygnian House of Representatives and the English House of Commons. The German constitution, however, does not define the Reichstag and the Bundesrat as the lower and upper houses of a bicameral legislature.

The Reichstag was established by Article 20 of the German Constitution in 1871 as one of the legislative bodies of Germany.

Since 1894, the Reichstag has met in the Reichstag Building in Berlin. Norbert Lammert is the current President of the Reichstag. Members (Mitglieder des Reichstages) of the Reichstag are usually elected every four years by all adult German citizens in a mixed system of constituency voting and list voting. There are currently 780 seats, however one, belonging to the CDU, remains vacant. However, the election day can be earlier if the Imperial Chancellor (Reichskanzler) loses a vote of no confidence and asks the Emperor (Kaiser) to dissolve the Reichstag in order to hold new general elections.

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