Well, you must have thought of this at least one time throughout your life. What if a decisive battle ended in the other way around, whereas the defeated turned out to be the victor? Even the smallest battle could have a great impact on the history. Now, what if all decisive battle ended the other way around? This is what this timeline will be. This is the "Reversal".

Point of Divergence

In May 1274 BC, near the town of Kadesh, the forces of Egyptian Empire under Ramesses II clashed with the forces of Hittite Empire under Muwatalli II. The Egyptians, with 20000 men and 2000 chariots, marched toward the town of Kadesh. On their way, the Egyptians captured two nomads, who claimed that the Hittite king was too scared of the Pharaoh and decided to retreat. Taking the chance, Ramesses II hastened the troop's advance. His division marched ahead of the other three divisions.

Ramses II at Kadesh

Ramesses on his chariot during the battle.

Muwatalli, seeing that the Egyptians had fallen for the bait, ordered his chariots to cross the river and attack the Egyptian's flank. Ramesses' Ra division was scattered as a result of the surprise attack. The Hittites after breaking through, flanked north to intercept Ramesses' division. The Hittite King made a crucial decision to pursue on and destroy the remnant of the Egyptian forces. Being surrounded, Ramesses' division suffered attacks from all sides. The soldiers' morale fell significantly. However, Ramesses held out long enough for his other two division to arrive at the battlefield. The Ptah division came from the south, threatening the Hittite chariots' rear. while the other division came from the north to reinforce Ramesses' defense. It was at this moment, the Hittite King split his reserve of troops into two halves. He led the northern group to engage in a fight against the Egyptian reinforcement in the north, while the southern group engages the Egyptian force in the south.

The tactic managed to halt the Egyptians and prevent them from reaching Ramesses' tired troops. Muwatalli ordered to mount the last charge against the Egyptians. The chariots sliced through the Egyptian's weak defense line and annihilated the remnant of the division. Ramasses fled on his chariot in the midst of the chaos. He was injured while escaping by a Hittite arrow but managed to survive.

In the following years, Hittites would have launch military campaigns southward toward Palestine. Despite their effort in conquering Palestine, the lands would eventually be returned to Egyptian hands. The Hittite King realized that it was impossible to hold on and launch further attacks into Egypt. In 1258 BC, the two empires signed the Egyptian-Hittite peace treaty, also known as the Eternal Treaty or the Silver Treaty.

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.