Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is a Canadian Protectorate consisting of a group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of Newfoundland. A former French territory, the islands were unaffected by any of the Doomsday nuclear strikes, but were forced to become a de facto independent state by the collapse of France under a heavy nuclear payload. After a brief period of independence, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon became a Protectorate of Canada in 1985, which it remains to this day.
Doomsday and independence
Canada's claim over the islands is the most popular among Saint-Pierrais, and is the de jure successful one — Canada has been administering the islands since 1985. While at first this administration was limited, it has grown over time, and the islands are now run like any other Protectorate.
Canada's claim is supported for several reasons: the country's proximity to the islands; its status as a great power in the area; and the fact that Canada can provide a better economic situation; among other things. The fact that French is one of Canada's official languages has helped to conciliate some moderate pro-French St. Pierrais.
The French claim was first made by the RTFA (République des Terres Française Australes), a country consisting of France's former overseas territories, such as French Polynesia and Réunion, which were unaffected by the nuclear exchange. Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, despite its distance from the other parts of the RTFA (predominantly located in the Pacific and Indian Oceans), is another former French overseas department which was also not directly affected by the Doomsday exchange.
This claim remains popular among older people on the islands, more conservative people, and pro-French activists, all of whom feel that the islands should remain "as French as possible". This claim has never been retracted, but there is little sign of the RTFA ever giving it further enforcement.
The Republic of Cape Breton (RCB) relinquished its claim in 2006, when it rejoined the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Before this, there was a large movement among the Celtic (Breton) population of the Saint-Pierre and Miquelon to join Cape Breton. This was because the RCB considered itself a strongly Celtic (and Mi'kmaq) country, and the Bretonian government made it clear that the Saint-Pierrais were welcome to join, if they wished.
Before 1985, some Saint-Pierrais suggested declaring the islands as an independent nation; but soon dismissed the idea as impractical. Since then, there has been no significant movement for independence.
Protectorate of Canada