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Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg
Fürsterzbistum Salzburg
Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Archbishopric of Salzburg
Armoiries Bavière 1278 - Present
Wappen Erzbistum Salzburg.png
RR 1789 Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden.png
Salzburg territory (violet)
Official languages German
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Principality
 -  Bishopric founded ca 543/696 
 -  Raised to archbishopric 798 1278 . 
 -  Gained territory, became prince-archbishopric 1278 

The Archbishopric of Salzburg is a Prince-Bishopric and state of the Holy Roman Empire. The diocese arose from St Peter's Abbey, founded in the German stem duchy of Bavaria about 696 by Saint Rupert at the former Roman city of Iuvavum (Salzburg). In the 13th century it reached Imperial immediacy and independency from Bavaria, and remained an ecclesiastical since.



The nation of Salzburg stretches along the Salzach River from the Hohe Tauern range, including the peak of Mt. Großvenediger at 3,666 m (12,028 ft), at the main chain of the Alps in the south down to the Alpine foothills in the north. On the western shore of the Salzach, Salzburg also owns the region of the Rupertiwinkel, named for the first Salzburg bishop, Saint Rupert.

The episcopal lands are traditionally subdivided into five historic parts (Gaue): The region of Flachgau with the Salzburg capital, and the region of Tennengau around Hallein, both located in the broad Salzach valley at the rim of the Northern Limestone Alps. The mountainous (Innergebirg) southern divisions are Pinzgau, Pongau around Bischofshofen, and southeastern Lungau beyond the Radstädter Tauern Pass.

In the north and east, the prince-bishopric borders on the Archduchy of Austria, nucleus of the Habsburg Monarchy. The Salzkammergut border region, as an important salt trade region was gradually seized by the mighty House of Habsburg and incoporated into Upper Austria. In the southeast, Salzburg adjoined the Duchy of Styria, also ruled by the Habsburg (arch-)dukes in personal union since 1192. By 1335, the Austrian regents had also acquired the old Duchy of Carinthia in the south, the Styrian and Carinthian territories were incorporated into Inner Austria in 1379. The Habsburg encirclement was nearly completed, when in 1363 the archdukes also attained the County of Tyrol in the west. Only in the northwest, Salzburg borders on the Grand Duchy of Bavaria, to which it formerly belonged to..


Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg, 1213–1592

  • Eberhard II of Regensburg (1200–1246)
  • Bernhard I of Ziegenhain (1247)
  • Philipp of Carinthia (1247–1256)
  • Ulrich of Sekau (1256–1265)
  • Ladislaus of Salzburg (1265–1270)
  • Frederick II of Walchen (1270–1284)
  • Rudolf of Hoheneck (1284–1290)
  • Conrad IV of Breitenfurt (1291–1312)
  • Weichard of Pollheim (1312–1315)
  • Frederick III of Liebnitz (1315–1338)
  • Henry of Pirnbrunn (1338–1343)
  • Ordulf of Wiesseneck (1343–1365)
  • Pilgrim II of Pucheim (1365–1396)
  • Gregor Schenk of Osterwitz (1396–1403)
  • Eberhard III of Neuhaus (1403–1427)
  • Eberhard IV of Starhemberg (1427–1429)
  • John II of Reichensperg (1429–1432)
  • Frederick IV Truchseß of Emmerberg (1432 - 1468)
  • Sigismund I of Volkersdorf (1468 - 1469)
  • Sigismund II (1469 - 1508)
  • Bernard II of Kuenburg (1509 - 1547)
  • Michael of Khuenburg (1547 - 1563)
  • Leopold von Wellenburg (1563 - 1602)

Archbishop-Electors, 1592 - Present

  • Leopold von Wellenburg (1563 - 1602)
  • Wolf Dietrich von Hohenems (1602 - Present)
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