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Second Sicily War
Date 11 October 2009 – 22 January 2011
(1 year, 3 months and 11 days)
Place Mediterranean Sea
Result ADC-IPA victory
Belligerents
Flag of Europe Atlantic Defense Community:

Flag of Italy Italian Peninsular Alliance:

Flag of Cyrenaica Cyrenaica
Berber flag Kabylie
Supported by:
ANZ Union Flag with the golden ratio ANZ Commonwealth
DD1983 Benelux Flag Benelux

Sicilian Flag Sicilian Republic

Flag of Spain (1945 - 1977) Spanish Republic
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia (until 17 Oct. 2010)

Commanders and leaders
Flag of Europe Sec.-Gen. Daniel Perry

DD1983 Nordic Union Official Flag Pres. Halldór Ásgrímsson
DD1983 Greece Civil Adm. Panagiotis Hinofotis
Flag of Italy
Pres. Roberto Maroni
Gen. Claudio Graziano
Flag of Cyrenaica
King Mohammed El Senussi
FM Khalifa Haftar

Sicilian Flag
Pres. Paolo De Stefano

Gen. Giuseppe Valotto
Adm. Giuseppe Dragone
Gen. Giovanni Nistri
Gen. Vito Bardi
Flag of Tunisia
Pres. Hédi Baccouche
Gen. Mahmoud Ben M'hamed
Flag of Spain (1945 - 1977) CoG Ricardo de la Cierva

Strength
Flag of Europe

619,947 troops, support and reservists

Flag of Italy
195,000 troops and resistance fighters


Flag of Italian Committee of National Liberation

21,000 Anti-regime Sicilian resistance fighters
Flag of Sardinia, Italy
8,000 resistance
Flag of Cyrenaica
20,000 men


Total: 1,300,000 active duty soldiers, support and reservists

Sicilian Flag

439,224 active

Flag of Tunisia
260,180 active


Total: 1,176,554

Casualties and losses
350,000 (civilians and military) 300,000 (civilians and military)


Background[]

The First Sicilian War lasted from 2004 until 2006. In that war, Sicily conquered Sardinia and, with the Spanish Republic, attacked the Balearic Islands, part of the Pais de Oro in the Mediterranean. Eventually, a coalition of Atlantic powers forced them out of Pais de Oro territory. Unwilling to go further, the Atlantic coalition agreed in peace talks to acknowledge Sicilian control over Sardinia, as well as earlier conquests in Tripolitania and the Italian mainland - but the wording carefully did not acknowledging the republic's legitimate right to these lands. The war eventually led to the founding of the Atlantic Defense Community. Meanwhile, the one-party government of Sicily only retrenched its power, as did its allies in Spain and Tunisia.

The Sicilian Crisis broke out in late October of 2008 and gradually escalated until late December, when the Sicily Republic withdrew its blockade of the Lampedusa Corridor in the face of international pressure. Peace talks were never held, and it can now be considered that they merely were unprepared for war at that time.

War Breaks Out[]

The 2009 Saguenay War begin in September of 2009 when the Republic of Saguenay, backed by the Republic of Superior, declares war and invades the Canadian Remainder Provinces. Canada and the Celtic Alliance call for an emergency session of the Atlantic Defense Community military bloc at its headquarters in Ponta Delgada in the Azores. The ADC authorizes an expeditionary force to Canada to assist in the war. By April of 2010, the war will be over, with the ADC and Canadians having won.

In October, Sicily's government decided to seize the opportunity to take advantage of the ADC's preoccupation in North America and regain supremacy in the Mediterranean. The leaders of Tunisia and the Spanish Republic, though skeptical, have been persuaded to join Sicily's war effort.

Sicily now perceives its greatest threat to be to its east. Cyrenaica and Greece are its nearest neighbors in that direction, and they have become close economic and military partners. Cyrenaica did not join the ADC, but Greece did, and both have been preparing for a possible war against Sicily.

On October 10 a Sicilian ship attacks a Greek freighter in the waters near Cyrenaica. The Confederation of Greece declares war within hours and calls for another emergency meeting of the ADC on October 12th, at which the whole alliance declares a state of war. Nordic and Celtic aircraft depart for Corsica mere hours later, supported by airfields in Luxembourg and eastern Belgium. They intend to stop any attempted invasion of Corsica. It is also agreed that Canada and the C.A. will concentrate on the war in North America for the time being, and send forces to aid the rest of the ADC when possible. A pair of local headquarters, under overall ADC command from the Azores, will be established in the Balearic Islands in the west, and at the Greek military headquarters on Skyros in the east.

Conduct of the War[]

October-November, 2009 - Sicilian Opening, Battles of 1st Lecce and Cape Matapan, Operation Griko[]

Starting on October 10th, and picking up even more on the 13th, Greek troops begin amassing on Kerkyra in Heptanesa, giving the impression that an invasion of Apulia will soon take place. However, Greek troops stationed in North Africa have already encountered naval-fighting miles from the Libyan coast, leaving such an operation in doubt. Another disturbing event is revealed to the world on this day: Greek intelligence has learned from Dawada tribesmen that the Tunisian military is moving into Sicilian-controlled Tripolitania, along with some forces from Sicily itself. There can be no doubt that they are preparing for an invasion of Cyrenaica by both land and sea.

On October 14th, the Greek intelligence is proved to be correct when Sicilian units cross the border and head towards the ruins of Tripoli, advancing eastwards along the coastline. This is made even worse by the Sicilian fleet arriving on the 15th at Ajdabiya, east of the Cyrenaican border and behind the main line of defense. Sicilian Troops begin to disembark. The combination of the two events force the Cyrenaican forces to begin to retreat toward Benghazi to avoid being surrounded when the main body of troops moving along the coast arrives in a few days.

News of this event, upon reaching the Greek headquarters on Skyros, causes great alarm, for they had not expected both of the attacks to occur. Hurriedly, it is decided to launch the planned attack - Operation Griko - on the Italian mainland much earlier than planned, with less troops than the general staff has called for, as a distraction. On October 17th, the Greeks land troops east of the city of Lecce, on the heel of the Italian boot. They initially make good headway, managing to secure the city itself by the 20th. The arrival of Sicilian reserves halts any further advance, with the Greeks controlling roughly the northeast third of the province.

After unloading its cargo of troops in Cyrenaica, the Sicilian Fleet turns northwards back towards Sicily. With the ANZC battle fleet around Malta declaring "armed neutrality" in the conflict - essentially, that they will open fire on any Sicilian ships that got too close to their ships, as Sicilian attacks on then-neutral shipping had started the war - this means that the Sicilian Fleet must detour greatly on the voyage back to Sicily, only arriving back in the harbor at Catania on the 22nd, despite leaving Cyrenaica on the 17th.

Angered by the Greek landing at Lecce, the Sicilian government chooses to launch the next attack against the Ionian Islands, both to "reclaim historically Italian territory" and to cut off the attackers in Lecce. At the same time, reserves from the demarcation zone with the Italian state moved southwards against the Greeks near Lecce. The Greeks are forced back to their ships on the 30th, arriving back on Greek soil the next evening. Sicilian forces, under air cover from the mainland, put to sea on the 29th toward the Ionians.

On the 21st, a Sicilian fleet, hoping to move into the Aegean Sea and attack Greek merchants, is met by a larger Greek fleet after being sighted the day before by observers stationed on the island of Sapientza in Morea. This engagement, known as the Battle of Cape Matapan after the nearby peninsula, results in a loss for the Sicilians. They lose five ships before retreating back to the southwest. The Greeks lose a single vessel in the lopsided engagement, and in a strategic mistake, they send the ships after the Sicilians, along with aircraft. This pursuit fails to catch them and merely makes the Sicilian actions in the Ionians easier.

With the change of the month into November, the Sicilians arrive at the Ionians and begin to bombard the more southern islands after temporarily establishing aerial superiority over them. Fearing an invasion, the Greeks rush to evacuate civilians to the mainland areas of the Republic of Heptanesa. On the 5th of November, Sicilian troops land on the islands of Kefalonia and Zakynthos. By the 10th, they manage to secure Keflonia, but reinforcements arriving from nearby Morea prevent Zakynthos from being taken right away - but it will only hold out another two months before falling as well.

In Cyrenaica, Sicilian forces, after joining up north of Ajdabiya on October 20th, have slowly driven back the Cyrenaican forces, who have been putting up a great deal of resistance alongside Greek reinforcements. Naval duels between Sicilian and Greek ships, attempting to aid their countrymen on shore, have been near constant and often end in draws; neither side can aid its respective army much, if at all. The village of An Nawwaqiyah is secured by the 23rd, and by November 16th, the Sicilians begin to advance on the capital Benghazi itself.

From the 10th to the 18th of November, the Greek ships that have been moving southwards, chasing the Sicilians and moving to try to fight them off Cyrenaica, move back northwards in response to the attacks on the Ionian Islands. Aircraft fly in from further east, reinforcing Greek positions near the islands. In combination with the naval reinforcements, Sicilian aircraft already had to fly west to try to prevent ADC bombers from Corsica from bombing at will. This, together with the movement of Sicilian transports back to Italy to get reinforcements, allows the Greeks to regain air superiority near the islands, for the most part, as well as a fair measure of control over the seas. The Sicilians, however, retain the ability to reinforce the islands, mostly at night.

On the 20th, Sicilian reinforcements arrive at the Ionians and landed on Corfu. Despite making progress early on, they fail to completely take over the island. Around the same time, they land troops on several of the smaller islands. Greek troops move to counter these attacks, and a back-and-forth battle erupts over the islands, several changing hands more than once. As reinforcements arrive for both sides, the front lines on Corfu and the other islands continue to move back and forth over the next few months. Also, in response to the landings on Corfu, Macedonia - by no means a friend of either side - declares that it will imitate the ANZC fleet in taking a position of armed neutrality, mobilizing its army and its small fleet on the Adriatic.

Elsewhere, Nordic and Celtic aircraft arrive on Corsica within days of the declaration of war by the rest of the ADC and secure the skies above it. Several Sicilian aircraft are shot down here before the Sicilians realize that the island has been reinforced. Portuguese, Rifian, Spanish and Sahrawi reinforcements arrive on Corsica and in the Baleares by October 20th, ensuring that the islands are secure. Under the cover of the Nordic and Celtic planes, their naval forces, especially the submarines possessed by the Portuguese and Spanish, begin to raid Sicilian shipping, as the Sicilians have been doing to the Greeks in the east. ADC forces drive off a small raid on the Corsican coast, decimating the Sicilian attackers at almost no losses to themselves. All over the ADC nations, soldiers are being prepared for war, and the Greeks are moving what forces they could from their other commitments.

December 2009 - January 2010 - IPA Established and the Battle of Benghazi[]

In the Ionian Islands, assaults and counter-assaults by the Greeks and Sicilians are bleeding both sides badly. However, despite the easier time the Greeks have getting reinforcements, the Sicilians are coming in ever-greater numbers, and on Corfu and Zakynthos the Sicilians continue to advance, though at a snail's pace. Sicily fully occupies Zakynthos on the 15th of January. The whole invasion, however, has now cost the Sicilians most of the reserves that they held on the mainland. To make up for this, they activate new recruits and reserves on the island of Sicily itself.

With Cyrenaica, the story remains much the same. On December 4th, the Sicilian Army - though deprived of much of its naval support due to fighting elsewhere - finally manages to seize Benghazi. They hoped that capturing the capital would force most of the kingdom's army to surrender, but Cyrenaica fights on, regrouping in the more defensible highlands of the Jebel Akhdar and at positions further down the coast. The Sicilians occupy the city, while the bulk of their force continues to advance along the coastline. By Christmas, they have advanced another forty miles beyond the city. But they have difficulty continuing. The Cyrenaicans make their stand at a defensible point where the coastal plain narrows. Meanwhile, more Greek recruits wae arriving to strengthen the defense, while Sicilian reinforcements are growing thin. ADC submarines are beginning to take their toll, as they can concentrate much easier against Sicilian ships. By the end of January, Sicily is forced to cease reinforcing the front here by sea, instead moving its forces along the overland route from Tripolitania and Tunisia.

The first soldiers and ships - as well as more planes - from the northern ADC members began to arrive in December, and even more came in January. These reinforced the defenses established by the Spanish, Sahrawi, Rifian, Portuguese, and Corsican troops in the west. With this arrival, the ADC naval forces, previously the equal of the Sicilians, now outnumbered them by a fair margin. As a result, the Sicilians had to pull back a fair number of their naval vessels to safer areas. ADC bombers, previously unable to do much beyond defend their own territories, begin to bomb nearby areas of Sicilian-occupied Italy and Sardinia heavily. Invasion plans are drawn up for Sardinia and Tunisia as well. ADC planes based at Rif begin to bomb Tunisia and drop supplies for anti-government rebels there who have been in contact with Greek spies.

On January 2nd, the Northern Italian nations, as well as the Alpine protectorate of Venice, join together in an alliance - the Italian Peninsula Alliance - with Alpine backing and support. It can only be seen as an attempt to take advantage of the situation, especially since volunteers from the Confederation and Northern Italy, along with supplies and ammunition, immediately begin to reinforce the IPA membership. By the end of the month, the Venetian and Genovese Navies have both left their bases as well. Considering that these nations have wanted payback against the Sicilians for quite some time - and been preparing nearly as long - it is clear that a new attack is imminent.

February-March, 2010 - Counterattack and Operation Pepe[]

Cyrenaican and Greek forces finally begin their counter-attack against the Sicilians and Tunisians in early February. The assault is launched all along the Sicilian lines and begins to force back the enemy. Benghazi is retaken by the end of the month; the Second Battle of Benghazi is much shorter and less bloody battle than the First, when Sicily first occupied the city. By the end of April Sicilian and Tunisian forces retreat to a point south of Benghazi, not far beyond the border at the start of the war. Sicilian supply lines to Cyrenaica are slowly getting worse and worse as well due to submarine attacks from the ADC. By the end of March, the Sicilian forces there will be almost completely supplied by convoys on land moving along the coast from safer ports in Tripolitania and Tunisia.

On February 16th, IPA forces attack Sicilian forces on the Italian mainland in Operation Pepe, opening an entire new front to the war. Backed by Alpine and Northern Italian volunteers, Sammarinese, Venetian, and Tuscan forces attacking the Sicilian defensive lines that have been depleted by the need to fight on other fronts. Within days, the Genoese and Venetian navies, reinforced by the small fleets of San Marino and Tuscany, begin attacking Sicilian vessels in areas of the Adriatic and Tyrhenian Seas that had previously been safe zones. Genoese Marines also begin to land in the Tuscan Archipelago, occupying the islands of Capraia and Gorgona within hours, facing forces that were already heavily bombed by the ADC. Venetian troops lead volunteers between Tuscany and San Marino and provide bombardment support for the Sammarinese. Genoese Marines will have the islands cleared by mid-March, after which they can land troops to support the Tuscans and the ADC forces going to Sardinia. By April's end, the front on the mainland runs on a line at roughly Piombino-Montevarchi-Fano.

Sicilian reserves, inasmuch as there are reserves left outside of Sicily itself, race toward the Northern Front. While slowing the advance of the IPA, it has the effect of depriving reinforcements to other fronts. On the Libyan Front, reinforcements have slowed to a crawl. Tunisian troops now outnumber Italians, and Tunisia now faces challenges at home because opposition fighters, now supplied by the ADC, are launching more attacks. The bombing of supply depots on March 16th is the largest such act so far. In the Ionian Islands, reinforcements slow drastically and are primarily routed to Sicilian efforts to capture the capital of Heptanesa on Corfu.

For the Ionian Front, this now means that Greek forces can finally undertake a meaningful counter-offensive. At first, several of the smaller islands are retaken. In late March, Greek forces land on Kefalonia once again, recapturing the island on the 5th of April.

In the west, preparations for an invasion of Sardinia are proceeding ever faster. The entrance of the Italian Peninsular Alliance into the war, and the capture of the Tuscan Archipelago by the Genoese, will provide cover for the ADC operation; so forces previously devoted to a planned May operation in the archipelago can now be devoted to the Sardinian invasion, code-named Operation Blindfold. The Algerian nation-state of Kabylie, as per a pact with Greece, agrees to join the war in some capacity during the late summer.

April-May, 2010 - Saguenay War Ends and the Battle of Corfu[]

The cessation of hostilities in the Saguenay War on April 12th allows for Celtic and Nordic efforts to be directed against Sicily, further hastening the invasion date, even though forces deployed there by the two powers will not be able to leave until a peace is agreed on, which will not be done until the end of May. Canadian forces, outside of a few naval vessels, will be unable to get to the Sicilian theater of war because they must to deal with the Lawrence Raiders in combination with the Vermont and Aroostook militaries. Upon hearing of the news that the war there had ended - and now knowing that the ADC will be able concentrate its forces in the Mediterranean - high-level leaders in both Tunisia and Sicily begin to question the war itself. The leadership, however, calms dissent for the moment. ADC forces from the other side of the Atlantic will not be a factor until August at the earliest.

On the Italian peninsula, the IPA advance has slowed significantly as Sicilian reinforcements arrive and establish new defensive positions on favorable terrain in the mountainous center of the peninsula. By the beginning of June, their lines run across Italy at roughly Grosseto-Arezzo-Senigallia.

In the Ionian Islands, Greek forces retake Zakynthos in Mid-May. The islands of Ithaca and Paxi are also taken at this time, and troops also land on Lefkada on May 28th. By this point, Sicilian reinforcements to the islands are going almost exclusively to Corfu. Their advance is finally stopped just outside of the city of Corfu itself on the 21st of May.

Elsewhere, Sicilian forces are beginning to falter. In Libya, Cyrenaican and Greek forces have advanced almost to Ajdabiya by the end of May. ADC forces have now completely cut off supplies by ship to forces there. Rebel attacks in Tunisia, covertly supplied by the ADC, are causing mayhem as well. A plan, code-named Operation Crescent Star, is being prepared for an invasion of Tripolitania and Tunisa sometime late in summer.

Sardinia can now only be safely supplied from the south as well. ADC commanders, now in concert with a detachment of Genoese Marines, plan to invade in early June.

June-July, 2010 - Operation Blindfold[]

On June 14th, ADC and IPA forces - from Genoa, North Germany, Spain, Corsica and the Nordic Union - land on the northeast part of Sardinia, near the former port of Olbia. It comes as a surprise to the Sicilians, for while they had expected an invasion soon - the signs on Corsica were pretty hard to miss - it did not come where they had thought. Instead of the northwest coast, it came down on the northeastern coast, where air cover was not as secure for the invasion. By mid-July, ADC forces will have secured most of the northern half of the island, with holdouts in the center. Invading ground troops advance along the coast to a line running roughly at Cabras-Ottana-Baunei.

By late June, Greek and Cyrenaican troops have managed to liberate Ajdabiya, the last major town to have been captured. They will have forced the Tunisians Sicilians - whose supply situation is getting worse - to defensive positions near the prewar border by the end of July. The advance is starting to stall as they move further west over damaged terrain.

Greek troops on Corfu have managed force back the Sicilians as well, though it is very slow going. Kythira and Lefkada are liberated in mid-July.

In early July, Celtic vessels loaded with marines and aircraft, joined by a small number of Canadian ships, arrive in the Mediterranean from North America, following the signing of the Treaty of Manchester on the 28th of May that ended the Saguenay War. Marines disembark in the Balearic Islands, and the naval vessels continue onwards to help isolate Sardinia from Sicily. Celtic Armored forces from that conflict will arrive in August.

On the mainland, the Tuscan advance on the western coast of the peninsula has stalled - Tuscan forces need to take time to rest and resupply, and the Sicilians are concentrating reinforcements here. In the middle of the peninsula, IPA forces continue to make progress, though advances are still slow. On the eastern coast, IPA forces, while advancing slowly, manage a major feat when in mid-July, Venetian troops effect a landing just east of the city of Ancona. While they will spend the next month securing the city, it is a major shock to the Sicilians.

August-September, 2010 - Operation Crescent Star and the Battle of Ancona[]

In early August, Celtic armored forces, having stopped back in Alliance territory for a month to rest and refit themselves, finally arrive in the Mediterranean from North America. Landing at the supply port fashioned by the ADC in the ruins of what was once the city of Alghero, they are rapidly sent southwards to the front lines outside of the town of Cabras. Some of the infantry stationed there is moved east as well. On the 13th, they launch an offensive southwards, which smashes through the Sicilian lines - a similar move, though less successful, occurs on the east side of the island on the 20th as well. The armored attack makes rapid progress, reaching the Sicilian capital of the island at Carbonia, which, along with nearby areas of the coast, manages to hold the tanks off for the time being. These forces also manage to secure much of the south of the island, with the eastern attack meeting up with them on the 30th. Sicilian forces remain holed up in the middle of the island, however, where they are taking advantage of the natural defenses, though find their lives increasingly difficult because of the attitudes of the local villagers and supply shortages. By the end of August, however, only the region near Carbonia and an area in the center of the island, roughly in a square between the towns of Samugheo, Fonni, Lanusi, and Mandas. These areas will hold out until early December and late October, respectively. The Celtic armored units are moved to another area of activity, Tunisia, in September.

In Heptanesa, Greeks forces finally manage to expel the last of the Sicilian troops from Corfu in mid-September, in part because of the Sardinia assault and what appears to be a build-up of Sicilian troops on the Italian mainland. However, their forces in the region are now tired and worn. Barring a large amount of troops as reinforcements, these forces will not be able to contribute offensively until at least the New Year.

On the Libyan Front, Greek forces advance to the original defensive lines from the start of the war in early September. With the increased numbers of troops they now have in the region, they will pursue the Sicilians into Tripolitania to act in concert with invading forces in Crescent Star during late September.

Attacks by Tunisian rebels have surged in recent days, leading both the Tunisian and Sicilian generals to believe an ADC invasion to be imminent. There is, however, no way to tell where the attack might come. Meanwhile, anti-war protests in Tunis reach a size not seen before as leaders on the street coordinate with rebel cells and allies in the government and military. On September 15th, the opposition makes its move. As the street demonstrators voice demands that President Baccouche and his government step down so that others can end the war, a group of officers place the president and the entire cabinet under arrest. They order the arrest of all Sicilian troops in the city.

By the 18th, the Tunisian government is under the control of a junta of military officers, opposition politicians, and populist leaders. That day, infantry from the Rif, Spain, and Kabylie, backed by Celtic and Nordic tanks, land in Tripolitania near Misrata. Given that the landing location could not have been predicted, few local forces are immediately available to stop the invasion. Meanwhile the new Tunisian government orders all troops to withdraw to their own territory and not engage the invaders. The Sicilian forces in Libya, now abandoned by their allies, retreat in disarray.

Within days of the invasion, Sicilian have rapidly retreated westwards. They avoid encirclement but have to abandon most of Tripolitania outside the capital. Cyrenaican and Greek forces cross the border as planed. A secondary landing, primarily of marines, lands near Khoms on the 30th, making the matter worse. With the two landings, anything outside the core area of Tripolitania is now fairly impossible to defend - they do not have the manpower to oppose the landings while at the same time securing the capital. Very few Sicilian troops are trapped by the landing at Khoms - most, while fighting a rear-guard action, make it to a new defensive perimeter around Tripoli itself.

By September, IPA troops have advanced to a line running at the towns of Scansano-Corciano-Ancona. Venetian forces have also managed to take Ancona itself. In late September Genoan Marines land in the Pontine Islands and secure them as well.

October-November, 2010 - Tripoli Freed and the Battle of Carbonia[]

In the Ionian Islands, recovering Greek forces are planning another attack on the Italian mainland. Civilians, along with construction crews, move back to the islands throughout October, where they begin to repair damage caused by the fighting and constructing temporary homes for the people. With the Rhodopian Army finally relieving Greek troops in their assigned sector of Thrace under the agreement between the two on November 10th following the successful conclusion of the Rhodope-Vidin War, Greek reinforcements for the planned attacked have arrived, putting plans ahead of schedule. The attack, code-named Operation Lombardi, will now be launched on December 12th, rather than in the New Year. Using lessons learned from the previous attack, it will be launched with better bombardment and more preparation. The main landing will take place near the town of Tricase rather than the main Sicilian positions at the city of Lecce. While this site is further down near the tip of the peninsula, it also will mean Sicilian reinforcements are going to be slower to the invasion beaches.

ADC forces in Tripolitania are succeeding at forcing back the Sicilians - by Mid-October, they have been effectively surrounded in the capital, with their garrison at Garyan continuing to hold out as well - by the end of the month it too is forced to evacuate. A besieged garrison also holds out in central Misrata, bypassed by the allied advance and cut off from any resupply or reinforcement. Armored reinforcements arrive in late November, putting further pressure on Tripoli. Tunisia's junta now sends a few trusted units back into Tripolitania to assist in the occupation of land once held by their allies.

On Sardinia, Sicilian troops in the center of the island, after a couple weeks of essentially no supplies, surrender to ADC forces in late October, the units reduced to shells of their former selves. The Sardinian headquarters and port at Carbonia still holds out, however. While Sicilian vessels can re-supply them a little bit some nights, between the soldiers and fleeing Sicilian colonists there, it is not nearly enough.

November 13th sees the Sicilians finally, launch a counter-offensive in Italy, as IPA intelligence has predicted for a few weeks. In late October, the IPA reached their farthest line of advance, running roughly at Montalto di Castro-Orvieto-Perugia-Fanriano-Loreto. IPA forces, now overstretched, fall back in the face of the reinforcements to the Sicilian lines and the counter-attack they have launched. But, just like the initial Sicilian retreat, the IPA fights doggedly for every inch of territory, and holds the Sicilians to small but steady advances. However, the counter-offensive also means that the Sicilians have weakened their defenses elsewhere on the mainland.

December, 2010 - Battles of Tripoli and 2nd Lecce[]

On December 4th, the last Sicilian holdouts in Carbonia finally surrender to ADC forces, following an assault by marines on the nearby harbor to the rear of Sicilian lines, and bringing the entire island of Sardinia under their control. In Tripoli and Misrata, the fighting drags out into a difficult siege that will last to the end of the war. Advances continue to be very slow in Italy itself for Sicilian forces - the IPA, while exhausted, is fighting doggedly for every inch of soil, and by the end of the war has holds the advance to a line running roughly at Montalto di Castro-Corciano-Fabriano-Osimo.

December 12th sees Greek troops land in Lecce Province once again, launching 'Operation Lombardi. Landing near the town of Tricase, they land virtually unopposed and begin to advance inland. Sicilian troops are quickly sent to counter them, but available forces are minimal, aside from the garrison at the city of Lecce itself, because so many are committed in the attack against the IPA. Greek forces continue to advance, though slowly, towards Lecce itself. The 14th sees Greek forces enter the town of Galatina, ten miles south of Lecce.

Finally, this straw breaks the proverbial camel's back. Elements of the Sicilian government move to halt the failed war. Members of Di Stefano's cabinet join forces with sidelined Christian Democrats to overthrow the president and declare a provisional government called the National Liberation Committee. They offer a ceasefire to the ADC. Following deliberation, the ADC, at the urging of the Nordic Union, and against the wishes of the Greeks, who want to destroy Sicily despite the impregnability of the island itself, decide to accept the offer, so long as it includes all belligerent nations. In return, the ADC will release Sicilian prisoners, allow the surrounded Sicilians in Tripoli and Misrata to go back home, and recognize Sicilian territory in Southern Italy as a permanent, legitimate part of the republic rather than merely under its de facto as had been the case in the previous peace agreement. The Sicilians agree to the condition, and a ceasefire is put into place.

War's End[]

With the ceasefire agreement, the war ends. By the end of the month, all of the agreed provisions have been fulfilled, the provisions guaranteed by the ANZC fleet around Malta. It can only be assumed that the ANZ fleet would intervene in any fighting that violates the ceasefire.

Sicilian POW's, along with the forces from inside Tripoli and Misrata, are shipped by Spanish freighters to neutral Malta, where they are picked up by Sicilian vessels and taken back home. While the Sicilians will not confirm the information - indeed, they will claim after the return of the prisoners that some are missing - it is believed that about a third of the Sicilian troops on Sardinia and Libya perished in the fighting, with another third wounded. Greek and IPA POW's taken by the Sicilians are also returned at this time.

ADC Intelligence estimates that the Sicilians lost around half of their pre-war naval forces. However, around a third of the Greek Navy, and a few vessels of the IPA and País de Oro, have been lost as well.

Sicilian aircraft on Sicily are still intact, as is most of their planes on the mainland. However, planes deployed in Sardinia and Tunisia have been destroyed.

All told, Sicily lost its allies in Tunisia and Spain, its occupation of Sardinia and Tripolitania, and its northern borderlands. However, at the same time, their core, loyal, areas are still intact - they lost the areas which were, for the most part, already filled with opponents of the Sicilian project. While they have suffered losses in the fighting, they will likely benefit more after a short time from the lack of resistance in their territories.

Most of the ADC militaries have suffered much, but gained even more. Corsica and the País de Oro suffered a few attempts at raids, which were driven off by ADC jets. For the PdO-affiliated Spanish, re-occupying the mainland during the middle of the war was nothing short of a joyous occasion. The Greek Federation, however, has suffered extensive damage in its member state Heptanesa, which saw drawn-out fighting across more than half its territory. The IPA has suffered even worse, as while its goals were achieved, the membership of the Alliance is now exhausted by fighting and possess much greater debts and destroyed infrastructure than they can easily handle. For now, the rebuilding process takes priority.

The ADC, in preparation for independence, or at least rebuilding, has divided the Sicilian-occupied areas that they freed in the war into three mandates - Lecce, Sardinia, and Tripolitania - that the allies will prepare for independence or whatever option the locals support.

Tunisia remains under the control of its provisional regime. Some ADC troops have entered the country to help secure the state and help with rebuilding - primarily from the Rif Republic and with support from the País de Oro and Kabylie. Barring any sort of problems, the ADC hopes to withdraw from the country in about a year, by which point it plans to restore parliamentary rule. Tunisia is already in talks to become an ADC member.

Lecce has been put under Greece to use as a base to help ensure their safety. While it will operate primarily under a military government, civilian authority has placed under the government of Heptanesa as a special district that will be autonomous in many respects. Greece formally pledges to hold a referendum of citizens in its zone to determine its future status, but there is no mandatory timetable for holding it.

DDItalyzonemap

Mandated occupation Zones in Italy following the war

Sardinia will be operated jointly by the ADC and IPA. Sardinia being an Italian island, the IPA is given the main authority on the island, alongside ADC member Corsica. With the other IPA members preoccupied on the mainland, the Genoese take the lead on governing Sardinia. After a couple of years to rebuild and re-establish a government on the island, a referendum on joining another state or becoming independent will be held.

In Italy itself, the IPA has agreed amongst themselves on a split of the recaptured territory. Tuscany gains all of its claimed territories, Genoese Marines occupy the remainder of the Tuscan Islands, and San Marino takes some adjacent territory. In addition to these permanent annexations, Tuscan forces receive control over a mandated area near their borders, while Sammarinese troops occupy areas east of there, and Venetian Marines control the ruined city of Ancona and its surroundings. It is unknown what the intentions of Tuscany are, but it is known that both Venice and San Marino have no desire to expand their territories in the region, so some sort of state will eventually be set up.

However, the situation is far from perfect: Sicily remains defiant and has not dropped any of its claims. The totalitarian regime of the Fiamma party has fallen, but plenty of hardliners and mafia allies remain in power. The IPA and ADC members are tired of fighting, having fought for more than a year against the Sicilians. While the Sicilians are tired themselves, their stance on their lost territory has not changed, leading outside observers to suspect that another conflict may be likely sometime in the future.

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