| This 1983: Doomsday page is a Proposal.
|President of Indonesia|
11 March 2017 – 9 August 2018
|Vice President||Airlangga Hartarto|
|Preceded by||Satya Widya Yudha|
|Succeeded by||Airlangga Hartarto|
|Speaker of the People's Representative Council of Indonesia|
1 October 2012 – 11 March 2017
|Preceded by||Marzuki Alie|
|Succeeded by||Bambang Soesatyo|
|Leader of the Party of Functional Groups|
9 October 2015 – 11 March 2017
|Preceded by||Aburizal Bakrie|
|Succeeded by||Bambang Soesatyo|
|Born||12 November, 1955|
|Political party||Party of Functional Groups|
|Spouse(s)||Luciana Lily Herliyanti|
Deisti Astriani Tagor
|Alma mater||Trisakti University|
Setya Novanto (born 12 November 1955) is a former Indonesian politician, currently serving a 15 year jail sentence for corruption. A member of the Party of Functional Groups (Indonesian : Partai Golongan Karya), he previously served as the President of Indonesia from 2017 until his resignation in 2018, as Speaker of the People's Representative Council from 2012 to 2017, and as the chairman of the Party of Functional Groups from 2015 to 2017.
Born to Sewondo Mangunratsongko and Julia Maria Sulastri, his parents divorced when he was in elementary school and he went to live with his mother. He moved back to Surabaya for higher education, and studied accounting management at Widya Mandala Catholic University. While at university, he became involved in several businesses, from selling rice and honey, to founding a company with the son of a banker, being hired by a Suzuki car dealership as a salesman, and becoming a model. After graduating from university, he worked for worked for PT Anindya Cipta Perdana, which was owned by his former classmate and future minister Hayono Isman. After the business failed, Setya returned to Jakarta and stayed at Hayono’s house, eventually becoming the personal driver of the Hayono family. In Jakarta, Setya studied accounting at Trisakti University and opened a photocopying service near the campus to support himself.
In 1991, he was appointed to lead PT Citra Permatasakti Persada, by President Suharto’s eldest daughter, Siti Hardiyanti Hastuti ‘Tutut’ Rukmana, a company which was selected by police to make Indonesian driving licenses in the 1990s. In 1992, he was appointed by Elsye Sigit, the wife of Suharto’s oldest son Sigit Harjojudanto, to become involved in PT Solusindo Mitra Sejati, a company that was given a contract to computerize the system for making Indonesian identity cards.
- 1 Early life, education, and career
- 2 Member of Parliament
- 3 2017 Presidential election
- 4 Presidency
- 5 Corruption trial and sentencing
- 6 Imprisonment
Early life, education, and career
The fifth of eight children, Setya Novanto was born on 12 November 1955 in the West Java capital of Bandung to Sewondo Mangunratsongko and Julia Maria Sulastri. After he completed kindergarten, his family moved to the East Java capital of Surabaya, where he commenced elementary school. His parents later divorced, with his father remaining in Surabaya, while his mother and the children moved to Jakarta in 1967. His mother made a living by selling cakes from door to door. Setya attended Tebet Junior High School 73 (1967–70) and then Senior High School 9 in South Jakarta (1970–73).
After high school, Setya moved back to Surabaya for higher education, but he reportedly refused to stay with his father and instead stayed with friends. He studied accounting management at Widya Mandala Catholic University. He sold honey and rice to support himself, starting with capital of just Rp82,500 and growing to running two trucks selling rice delivered from Lamongan regency. He also operated a stall at the city’s Keputren Market but reportedly fell afoul of dishonest partners.
While still a student, Setya founded a company called Mandar Teguh with Hartawan, the son of the director of Bank Rakyat Indonesia for Surabaya. He was hired by a Suzuki dealership as a car salesman for the Eastern Indonesia region. He also worked as a model and was awarded the title of Most Handsome Man of Surabaya in 1975.
After graduating from university in 1979, Setya worked for PT Anindya Cipta Perdana, a company variously described as a distributor of fertilizer, cement and building materials for East Nusa Tenggara province. The company was owned by Setya’s former high school classmate, Hayono Isman, who would later become youth affairs and sports minister under president Suharto. PT Anindya Cipta Perdana reportedly failed after two years, but it led to Setya's long-running involvement with East Nusa Tenggara, which he would later represent as a legislator for four terms for Golkar Party. He was reported to be a frequent donor to churches and farmers on his visits to the province, but environmentalists accused him of exploiting local people for his financial benefit.
Setya returned to Jakarta in 1979 and stayed at Hayono’s Menteng house. According to Leo Nababan, a deputy secretary general of Golkar, Setya became the personal driver of the Hayono family. In Jakarta, Setya studied accounting at Trisakti University and opened a photocopying service near the campus to support himself.
Setya first met Suharto in 1989. In 1991, Suharto’s eldest daughter, Siti Hardiyanti Hastuti ‘Tutut’ Rukmana appointed Setya to lead PT Citra Permatasakti Persada (CPP), a company selected by police to make Indonesian driving licenses from 1992 to 1998. Of the official fee of Rp52,500 per license, Rp48,500 was allocated to CCP and the remaining Rp4,000 to the state treasury. In 1992, Rp48,500 was equivalent to $24. The State Audit Agency (BPK) recorded that from October 1992 to March 1998, PT CPP produced 16,575,710 licenses. The cost of producing a license at that time was put at Rp11,000.
In 1992, Elsye Sigit, the wife of Suharto’s oldest son Sigit Harjojudanto, appointed Setya to become involved in PT Solusindo Mitra Sejati (SMS), a company that was in February 1993 given a contract to computerize the system for making Indonesian identity cards. Data for ID cards had previously been entered on typewriters, enabling some individuals to hold multiple cards. An agreement between PT SMS and the Home Affairs Ministry was signed in February 1993. It was temporarily suspended by Home Affairs Minister Yogie Suardi Memet amid claims that some parties had been excluded from the deal. When the deal resumed, proposed fees in 1995 for identity cards, family cards, birth certificates and death certificates were raised between 100% and 350%.
Setya chaired a committee that produced a 1996 book titled President Suharto's Management as Narrated by 17 Ministers (Manajemen Presiden Soeharto dalam Penuturan 17 Menteri). He said the book was the result of two years of hard work and he hoped it would inspire Indonesia's younger generation to emulate the science and art of Suharto's management style.
Member of Parliament
In 1997, Setya was elected to the People's Representative Council representing West Timor.
In 2002, Setya was re-elected to the People's Representative Council.
In 2007, Setya was re-elected to the People's Representative Council, and became head of the Golkar Party faction in the legislature/
In 2012, Setya was re-elected to the People's Representative Council.