Schlesien (Staat)
— State Austria-Hungary
Timeline: Twilight of a New Era
Alternative Flag of Silesia Moravia Coat of arms of Silesia
Civil State Flag
Location Silesia A-H (TNE)
Location Silesia
(and largest city)
  others Czech
Secular state
  others Roman Catholic
Ethnic groups
German (German Moravians and German Silesians)
  others Czech
Demonym Silesian
Government Parliamentary democratic State
  legislature Landtag
Representative King-Emperor Landeshauptmann
State government Ministerpräsident and Staatsrat
Established 1920
Currency Krone
Time zone Central European Time (UTC+01:00)
  summer Central European Summer Time (UTC+02:00)

Silesia (Schlesien) is a federal state of Austria-Hungary. It is bordered by Poland and the state of Bohemia.

The States of German Bohemia and Silesia have common broadcasting services and mutually recognized primary, secondary and higher education diplomas and degrees, and cooperation in various fields. Both States have in the past and at present ethnic and cultural conflicts with Bohemia. They also usually feel abandoned by German-Austria, and criticized the highbrow attitude displayed by Austrians toward these regions. This attitude as shaped and formed a common nationality and outlook largely shared by Germans in both states. Both States have campaigned in several occasions for the integration in the proposed state of Sudetenland (Czech and Slovak: Sudety).


Silesia is parliamentary representative democratic state, with a Minister-President (Ministerpräsident) as the head of government, and a State Governor (Landeshauptmann). Executive power is exercised by the governments, both local and state level. State legislative power is vested in both the government and the unicameral parliament (Landtag).

  • The State Governor (Landeshauptmann), who is the head of the state and imperial representative, is appointed for a six year term by the Emperor-King, on advice and consultation of the Minister-President. The Governor can dissolve and call for immediate elections of the Landtag on a proposal of the Minister-President.
  • The State Government consists of the Minister-President (Ministerpräsident) and the State Council. The Minister-President is appointed by the State Governor, from the leader of the party or coalition with majority in the Landtag. The rest of the state council is appointed by the Governor on recommendation of the Minister-President.
  • The unicameral Landtag is the supreme legislative body of the State. Its 80 members are elected by universal suffrage using a proportional representation system for a five-year term, unless previously dissolved by the Governor.
  • The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Supreme State Court and Constitutional Court are nominated by the State Governor, on a list proposed by the Landtag.


The main political parties are:

  • The German Nationalist Party (German: Deutsche Nationalpartei, DNP, Czech: Německá národní strana) right wing nationalist and irredentist party and sister party of same name in German-Bohemia;
  • Farmers' League (German: Bund der Landwirte, BdL, Czech: Německý svaz zemědělců) conservative agrarian party and sister party of same name in German-Bohemia;
  • German Christian Social People's Party (German: Deutsche Christlich-Soziale Volkspartei, DCVP, Czech: Německá křesťansko sociální strana lidová) social christian, successor of the Austrian CSP and sister party of same name in German-Bohemia;
  • German Democratic Freedom Party (German: Deutsche Demokratische Freiheitspartei, DDFP, Czech: Německá demokratická svobodomyslná strana NDSS), liberal and social liberal party, part of a network of sister parties in Bohemia and German-Bohemia;
  • Social Democratic Party of Silesia (German: Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schlesien SDPS, Czech: Sociálně demokratická strana Slezska SDSS), a center-left workers' party. Its membership is open to both German and Czech. Represents the interest of labor.
  • Communist Party of Sudetenland (German: Kommunistische Partei Sudetenland KPS) communist party of German Bohemia and Silesia, each branch is regional organization with a common Congress, Central Committee and Secretariat. Its membership is open to both German and Czech.

Administrative division

Silesia is divided into districts (Bezirke) and statutory cities (Statutarstädte). Districts are subdivided into municipalities (Gemeinden). The statutory cities (Troppau) accomplish tasks on an intermediate level of administration and therefore are not incorporated into the districts but form urban districts in their own right.


Agriculture and animal husbandry are the main activities. Hard coal suitable for extraction is found near Kladno and Trautenau. Metallurgical industry is important and is close to the major center of Ostrava in Bohemia.

Education and culture

German-Bohemia's main higher education establishment are the Colleges of Education, the State Polytechnic Institute, Agriculture Institute and the Institute of Commerce and Business. Most students that pursue university degrees go to the German-Austria. The state scholarships are mainly in studies of engineering and medical sciences.

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