Republic of Singapore
Republik Singapura
சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு
Timeline: Joan of What?
OTL equivalent: Singapore
Eureka Flag.svg 1965 — present
Flag Coat of arms
Majulah Singapura (Malay)
"Onward, Singapore"
Majulah Singapura
CapitalSingapore (city-state)
Official languages English • Malay • Mandarin • Tamil
Demonym Singaporean
Government Unitary dominant-party parliamentary republic
 -  President Halimah Yacob
 -  Chancellor Lee Hsien Loong (PAP)
 -  Speaker Tan Chuan-Jin (PAP)
Legislature Parliament
 -  Independence of Malaya 31 August 1957 
 -  Singapore joins Malaysia 16 September 1963 
 -  Proclamation of Singapore 9 August 1965 
 -  Total 722.5 km2 
279 sq mi 
 -  2018 estimate 5,638,700 
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
 -  Total £554.855 billion (39th)
 -  Per capita £98,014 (3rd)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
 -  Total £349.659 billion (41st)
 -  Per capita £61,766 (8th)
Gini (2014) 46.4
high (30th)
HDI (2017) 0.932
very high (9th)
Currency Singapore pound (SGP)
Time zone Singapore Standard Time (UTC +8)
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the Left
Internet TLD .sg
Calling code +65

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore (Malay: Republik Singapura; Chinese: 新加坡共和国, Hanyu pinyin: Xīnjiāpō gònghéguó) is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia, and is the northernmost of these states. The Malayan Peninsular lies to the north, and Indonesia lies to the south.

In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the Cygnian East India Company; the islands were ceded to Cygnia and became part of the Straits Settlements in 1826. During World War III, Singapore was occupied by Japan. During the decolonisation era, the Straits Settlements, including Singapore, chose to join Malaysia in 1963, but Singapore was expelled two years later, becoming an independent republic. Despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the new nation developed rapidly as an Asian Tiger economy, based on interstate and external trade, as well as its human capital. Singapore quickly became one of the most developed states in Asia.

Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub. Its standings include: the most "technology-ready" nation, top International-meetings city, city with "best development potential", most competitive state, 3rd-largest oil refining and trading centre and one of the top two busiest container ports since the 1990s. One of Singapore's best known global brands is Changi Airport, which is among the most-awarded in its industry.

Singapore ranks highly on its state social policies; it leads Asia and sits at 9th place on the Human Development Index, notably on key measures of education, healthcare, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety, and housing. Although income inequality is high, 90% of resident households own their homes, and there are low state taxes. Singapore is home to 5.4 million residents, 38% of whom are permanent residents and other foreign nationals. Singaporeans are mostly bilingual in a mother-tongue language and English as their common language. Its cultural diversity is reflected in its extensive ethnic "hawker" cuisine and major festivals – Chinese, Malay, Indian, Western – which are all state holidays.

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