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The South American Confederation is an organization of independent nations in South America created to stop the supposed successor of the "traditional Anglo-American Imperialism".
In the eyes of many Europeans and Americans, most of the nations on the South American continent were failures. Many were dictatorships, others were puppet states, others were just corrupt and poor. There were a few like Argentina which had started their first free elections after 1983. French Guyana was administered by France and a de facto member of the European Economic Community. Even as a whole, South America was not doing good, Venezuela had started the worst economic crisis it had in his history, Colombia was fighting the FARC, Chile had suffered under a decade of dictatorship although it had weathered a financial crisis and was ready for economic recovery. Peru was facing tough economic times and increased insurgencies from Maoist guerrillas. Paraguay was in the middle of the world's longest period of military rule under Alfredo Stroessner. Argentina had recently been defeated by Great Britain in the Falklands War, while Brazil was in the middle of one of its frequent periods of military dictatorship.
However, on September 26, 1983, the entire world changed. Within days, South America, once a third-world cesspool had turned into a haven for refugees from all over the surviving world
The Immediate Aftermath
South America, Antarctica, and Africa were the only continents not to have been directly hit with nuclear weapons, although Australia had been relatively lightly targeted. Refugees began arriving from Europe and North America through the Panama Canal. Without the United States to intervene, satellite right-wing military dictatorships in Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Paraguay were forced to hold democratic elections, resulting in a social democratic consensus that occurred sooner than might have been the case. The new centre-left governments signed trade and mutual economic development pacts and soon benefited from the influx of skilled migrants from devastated Northern America and Europe. By 1990, a condederation entitled the Union of South American Nations formed.
Conflict with Australia and New Zealand
As time went on, the Union of South American Nations established new international trade and economic relationships with other nations, mostly transatlantic and transpacific in scale. Exploring the devastated reaches of North America, they were startled to encounter naval forces and army installations from Australia and New Zealand and soon learnt that the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand had almost survived unscathed itself. Australia and New Zealand initially welcomed the opening of diplomatic exchanges and trade agreements, but relations cooled over the "American Provisional Government" situated in Canberra and its pretensions to authority over the fragmented successor nations to the former United States and Canada. Moreover, some of those successor nations either tacitly or openly encouraged piracy, terrorism or border raids on the coasts of Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, leading to reciprocal 'pacification raids' that caused death and mayhem in surviving former US coastal communities in the Caribbean area and northeastern Pacific. The "American Provisional Government" objected to this assertion of practical authority, although the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand which hosted it had analogous problems with piracy, hijacking and terrorism from what had formerly been Malaysia and Indonesia. Over time, as the Commonwealth exerted pressure on the APG, the rhetoric cooled and antipiracy and stable trade route guarantee agreements were signed. By the first decades of the 21st Century, the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand and the renamed Confederation of South America had reverted to more cordial and convivial relationships, collaborating in maritime and space exploration, as well as protection of the pristine environment of Antarctica from economic exploitation, as well as joint humanitarian efforts in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa.
ConstitutionIn 2004, the Confederation of South America was officially inaugurated as a supranational organization, its first President being Nestor Kirchner from the UAR. All South American borders were lifted in 2008. The Confederation has a single currency (Peso Real, PR$), but each member country will has own government and laws. All National armed forces were merged on a single South American army by 2006, with its commander-in-chief being the Confederation President, in order to keep the organization united. Presidency of the Confederation will have two year terms, with country rotation. It also created a Confederate Constitutional Assembly, composed of legislators from all of the member countries, which created a new Confederate Constitution which is viable to all countries of the organization. The new Confederate Constitution acts as a guideline for local Constitutions, with all of local laws contrary to the Confederate Constitution being revoked when the new Constitution is published. The new Constitution was promulgated in early 2010. Some of the articles of the new supranational Constitution are:
- Total banning of nuclear weapons in member countries, except for research purposes leading to other forms of energy such as fusion power (approved on June 2nd, 2004).
- Total banning of broadcasting/press censorship on all of the member countries. Age restrictions to improper content on only specific hours of the day still apply (approved on July 1st, 2004). Right of response is assured, as long as it is obtained through legal means.
- Creation of a Confederate Supreme Court, composed by members from all member countries. This Court will address matters related to the Confederate Constitution (including discussion about acts from members Constitutions that contradict the Confederate Constitution), as well as legal disputes between member countries (approved on November 6th, 2004).
- Creation of a Confederate Military Court, with the goal of settling legal disputes regarding military personnel actions and military crimes (also approved on November 6th, 2004). This rendered local military courts, such as the Brazilian Superior Military Court (Superior Tribunal Militar) obsolete.
- Creation of a unified currency, the Peso Real (PR$), with a time frame of 4 years after the promulgation of the Constitution to be implemented on all Confederate countries. (Approved on February 12th, 2005).
- Creation of a Confederate Federal Police Force, which will be responsible for dealing with crimes such as drug trafficking (approved on May 5th, 2005).
- Requirement that all countries seeking membership on the Confederacy be democratic republics, with universal suffrage, and terms no longer than eight years (divided into two four year terms) for the heads of state (approved on July 4th, 2005).
- One of the prime tasks of the Confederate Army will be the defense of the Amazon rain forest and its water supplies, in order to prevent future pillage of its water and other natural resources by other countries, due to shortages in North America and Eurasia (approved on November 2nd, 2005).
- Establishment of the Confederacy headquarters in Montevideo, Uruguay (approved on February 3rd, 2006, after intense argument).
- República Unida de America del Sur (includes the Falkland Islands)
The South American Confederation is represented across the post-Doomsday world. Along with Australia and New Zealand, they have helped rebuild much of Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America.