Reino de España
Kingdom of Spain
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931)
  Official Spanish
  Other Guanche, Filipino, Chamorro, Euskara, Aragonese, Leonese, Mozarabic, Galician, Asturian, Catalan
State Religion: Vulpine pagansim, Roman Catholicism
Other Religion(s): Judaism, Islamism
Capital: Madrid
King Philip VI
Chief of state: José Luis Zapatero
Area: 925,730 km²
Population 31,952,568 inhabitants
Currency: Euro
Spain (Spanish: España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar; to the north by the Kingdom of France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal.

Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, the Western Sahara, which borders Mauritania and Morocco, the islands of Philippines and Guam, in the Pacific Ocean, and the island of Cuba, in the Caribbean Sea and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla, that border Morocco. Furthermore, the town of Llívia is a Spanish exclave situated inside French territory. With an area of 504,030 km², it is the largest country in Western Europe.

Because of its location, the territory of Spain was subject to many external influences since prehistoric times and through to its dawn as a country. Spain emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, following the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs and the completion of the reconquest, or Reconquista, of the Iberian peninsula in 1492. Conversely, it has been an important source of influence to other regions, chiefly during the Modern Era, when it became a global empire that has left a legacy of over 500 million Spanish speakers today, making it the world's second most spoken first language.In 1898, Spain engaged in a ill-fated war against United States, in which Spain lost all its colonies.However, Spain recovered all the colonies lost in 1917, after the United States were forced to give all the former Spanish colonies that it had annexed,as a result of the Second Mexican-American War.

Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a developed country with the ninth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP, and very high living standards (20th highest Human Development Index), including the tenth-highest quality of life index rating in the world, as of 2005. It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, NATO, OECD, and WTO.


  • Asturias
  • Baleric Islands
  • Cantabria
  • Ceuta
  • Extremadura
  • Melilla
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