Reino de España
Kingdom of Spain
Flag of Spain.svg
Official language Castilian. Aragonese, Asturian, and Galician are co-official in their respective areas.
Capital Madrid
Largest Cities Madrid: 3,127,000 (add to list)
Seville: 704,000
Málaga: 558,287,000
Population 14,886,000
HDI 0.929 (add)
Nation formed 1469 (Unification)
1812 (de jure)
Currency Euro (EUR)
Our Timeline Equivalent Spain, plus Tangier (Morocco), minus Basque areas and Catalonia (including the Balearic Islands) and Valencia, as well as Ceuta and Melilla.

Spain is located in Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It borders Occitania and Catalonia on its east, Portugal on its west, and Euskadi to the northeast. The area now known as Spain was previously composed of many kingdoms, but most were incorporated over time (through peaceful unification) to form one nation. In the south, before the late 1400s, there was a Muslim state known as Al Andalus. The Spanish kingdoms eventually conquered Al Andalus, but after decades of mistreatment, there was a revolt, and the nation of Andalusia was formed. However, Andalusia was eventually reincorporated into Spain through the "Treaty of Granada", which established the rights of religious minorities (the Muslims and Jews).

However, the "Reconquista" of Spain became only the opening act of the "Conquista", or "Spanish Crusades". During the 1500s, Spain moved rapidly in search of treasures and territory in the New World, and came to dominate a large part of southern Pemhakamik (most notably Mejico) and some of southeastern Pacha, as well as much of modern-day Ceuta and Melilla. After the 1604 defeat of the monarchy by England and Catatania, Spain's was not allowed to take over any new territories in the New World. However, it there was no such restriction with North Africa, and Spain expanded to take Murakush, as well as what are now the French Western Sahara Territory, Oran, Amazighia, and much of the rest of the north coast of Africa. This large conquest was perhaps partly due to domestic Christian uprisings in Egypt against the ruling Muslim Arabs, which cut off North Africa's lifeline to the Middle East. Even now, all of these countries and territories bear to some extent or another, Spanish influence - Catholicism, architecture, and loanwords being three examples. Indeed, monuments to Spain's successes are still to be found not only in Spain itself, but in its former territories, too.

Currently, Spain has the largest Muslim population (and percentage) of any Western European nation. Spanish hegemony eventually came to an end as England, France, and other European nations gained power, but Spain still has a robust economy and is also a popular tourist destination.



61% Non-Vegetarian
39% Vegetarian

Ethnic Groups

92% European
87% Spanish
05% other Europeans
05% Moor (Amazigh/Berber)
02% Sub-Saharan African
01% others


83% Castilian
06% Galician
04% Asturian
04% Aragonese
03% others


62% Christian*
55% Catholic
24% Non-religious*
14% atheist
10% agnostic
04% Cathar
04% Muslim (mostly Ijtihadi)
03% Jewish
03% others

*Note: The majority of Spaniards self-identify as Christian, but most are only nominally Christian. 67% of Spaniards never go to church or practice religion, 12% go to church some times a year, 7% some time per month and only 11% every Sunday.

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