Supreme Court of the United Cygnian States
Seal of the Supreme Court of Cygnia.png
Seal of the Supreme Court
Established 27 September 1793
(227 years ago)
Country Eureka Flag.svg Cygnia
Location Northam, TS
Motto Fiat justitia ruat caelum
(Latin: Let justice be done though the heavens fall)
Composition method Royal appointment upon cancellarial nomination on advice of Attorney-General and Cabinet
Authorized by Constitution of Cygnia
Judge term length Until age of 70 years
Number of positions 7 by statute
Chief Justice of Cygnia
Currently Virginia Bell
Since 30 January 2017

The Supreme Court Building in Swanstone

The Supreme Court of the United Cygnian States is the highest federal court of Cygnia. Established pursuant to Article III of the Cygnian Constitution in 1793, it has ultimate (and largely discretionary) appellate jurisdiction over all federal courts and over state court cases involving issues of federal law, plus original jurisdiction over a small range of cases. In the legal system of Cygnia, the Supreme Court is the final interpreter of federal constitutional law, although it may only act within the context of a case in which it has jurisdiction.

The Court normally consists of the Chief Justice of Cygnia and eight associate justices who are nominated by the Chancellor on the advice of the Attorney-General and appointed by the Sovereign. Once appointed, justices serve until they resign, retire, or are removed after impeachment (though no justice has ever been removed). Retirement is mandatory at the age of 70. In modern discourse, the justices are often categorised as having conservative, moderate, or liberal philosophies of law and of judicial interpretation. Each justice has one vote, and while many cases are decided unanimously, the highest profile cases often expose ideological beliefs that track with those philosophical or political categories. The Court meets in the Cygnian Supreme Court Building in Northam, TS.

Current composition

Name Home state Date appointed Mandatory retirement Nominating Chancellor Previous postings Education
Virginia Bell CCE
(Chief Justice)
NA 30 January 2017 (as Chief Justice)
3 February 2009 (as Justice)
7 March 2021 Julia Gillard (L) (as Chief Justice)
Kevin Rudd (L) (as Justice)
Supreme Court of New Albion University of Sydney
Susan Kiefel CCE NZ 4 September 2007 17 January 2024 John Howard (N) Supreme Court of New Zealand
Federal Court of Cygnia
University of Cambridge
Stephen Gageler CCE NA 9 October 2012 5 July 2028 Julia Gillard (L) Solicitor-General of Cygnia Cygnian National University
James Edelman CCE CA 1 March 2013 9 January 2044 Tony Abbott (N) Supreme Court of Carolina University of Carolina
Geoffrey Nettle CCE VA 3 February 2015 2 December 2020 Tony Abbott (N) Supreme Court of Victoria Cygnian National University
University of Melbourne
University of Oxford
Michelle Gordon CCE VA 9 June 2015 19 November 2034 Tony Abbott (N) Federal Court of Cygnia University of Carolina
Rene Le Miere CA 30 January 2017 18 February 2022 Julia Gillard (L) Supreme Court of Carolina University of Carolina
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