|Supreme Court of the United Cygnian States|
Seal of the Supreme Court
|Established||27 September 1793|
(226 years ago)
|Motto||Fiat justitia ruat caelum|
(Latin: Let justice be done though the heavens fall)
|Composition method||Cancellarial nomination with Senate confirmation|
|Authorized by||Constitution of Cygnia|
|Judge term length||Until age of 70 years|
|Number of positions||7 by statute|
|Chief Justice of Cygnia|
|Since||30 January 2017|
The Supreme Court of the United Cygnian States is the highest federal court of Cygnia. Established pursuant to Article III of the Cygnian Constitution in 1793, it has ultimate (and largely discretionary) appellate jurisdiction over all federal courts and over state court cases involving issues of federal law, plus original jurisdiction over a small range of cases. In the legal system of Cygnia, the Supreme Court is the final interpreter of federal constitutional law, although it may only act within the context of a case in which it has jurisdiction.
The Court normally consists of the Chief Justice of Cygnia and eight associate justices who are nominated by the Chancellor, confirmed by the Senate and appointed by the Sovereign. Once appointed, justices serve until they resign, retire, or are removed after impeachment (though no justice has ever been removed). Retirement is mandatory at the age of 70. In modern discourse, the justices are often categorised as having conservative, moderate, or liberal philosophies of law and of judicial interpretation. Each justice has one vote, and while many cases are decided unanimously, the highest profile cases often expose ideological beliefs that track with those philosophical or political categories. The Court meets in the Cygnian Supreme Court Building in Northam, TS.