Sweden (Swedish: Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige), is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. Sweden borders Norway and Finland. Sweden is a Constitutional Monarchy with a Parliamentary Democracy as its form of government and a highly developed economy. The current monarch is Carl XVI Gustaf. Sweden is a member of the Nordic Union.
There is archaeological evidence that the area that constitutes the present Sweden got its first residents during the Stone Age as the ice sheet of the last ice age receded . The first inhabitants were hunters and gatherers who lived in particular of the riches of the Baltic Sea. A number of archaeological finds from large trading community support the idea that southern Sweden was densely populated during the Bronze Age. During the ninth and tenth century Viking culture was dominant in Sweden with trade, plunder and Colonization to the east, especially in the Baltic countries, Russia and the Black Sea. In the 1200s the landscape laws and national laws introduced, including by Magnus Eriksson. In the 1300s, the royal power and strengthened Norrland kystkområder was colonized and forsvensket. In 1397, the three countries Norway, Denmark and Sweden united under one king. Kalmar Union was not a political union but personal union, and by the 15th century Sweden tried to resist a Danish centralized control under the Danish king. Sweden broke out of the Kalmar Union in 1523 , when Gustav Eriksson Vasa , later known as Gustav I of Sweden , re- established the Swedish crown . In the 17th century, Sweden was one of the great powers of Europe, after the country had successfully participated in the 30- year war. This position disappeared in the 18th century when Russia took power in the Great Northern War. The latest Swedish history has been peaceful . The last major war against Russia in 1809, the so-called Finnish War when Sweden lost Finland. The last war was against Norway in summer 1814 in Sweden called fälttåget against Norway. The war ended with the Convention of Moss, which the Swedish crown prince accepted the new Norwegian constitution of 17 May and King of Norway agreed to abdicate to make a personal union with Sweden possible. War threatened to break out in 1905 when the Norwegian parliament declared the union with Sweden dissolved. The war was avoided by settlement in Karlstad in 1905. Sweden remained neutral during the First and Second World Wars and the Cold War. The first Nobel Prize ceremony was held in Stockholm in 1901. From 1902 , the scientific prices been formally awarded by the Swedish king, while the peace prize is awarded by the Norwegian Storting.
Due to the Swedish neutrality in the Cold War, all of the Swedish cities and military installations were spared from a nuclear attack. This was the same fate of their neutral neighbor Finland.
King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Prime Minister Olof Palme were awakened at 3:15 in the morning, Stockholm time, and were informed that the nuclear annihilation of the world had begun. After meeting the King Palme immediately sought contact with the Soviet Embassy and the American Embassy, both located in Stockholm.
As his aides sought explanations from the equally stunned ambassadors, Palme made contact with Mauno Koivsto, the President of Finland. Both nations were spared in the nuclear holocaust, but both were also irradiated. While the Swedish cities were spared from nuclear devastation, some tracts of Swedish land became irradiated. This was especially common in the southern part of the nation, where nuclear blasts on Copenhagen took some fallout to western Sweden.
Following the atomic strikes, stunningly almost all technology remained active throughout the crisis. The government-owned radio Sveriges Radio, was tasked with regular news briefings and radios were widely distributed throughout the later established refugee camps.
During the period directly after Doomsday, Sweden's economy dropped briefly, astounding many local economists who predicted that any such event would be utterly catastrophic. For a very short period of time, unemployment peaked at 7%, but those unemployed by Doomsday were able to find employment in the military or government sponsored works programs. GDP fell by an unexpectedly low 2%. News of the attacks spread quite quickly through the publicly-owned television provider Sveriges Radio (SR).
With Sweden totally spared by nuclear holocaust in the Third World War, Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme would make sure that the Swedish nation would not collapse. His plans were soon tested, however, as refugees from Denmark, would surge along Swedish borders. With a minimalistic army, the Swedish army was not successful in repelling Danish refugees, creating a larger Danish minority in Sweden. Palme served out the remainder of his term as Prime Minister, and was then succeeded as Prime Minister by Ingvar Carlsson in the 1988 general elections.
In 1990, the governments of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland all agree to join together and form the Nordic Union, an international economic and political union based on the ideals of pan-Nordicism. One major reason why the Nordic Union was founded was because of the dominance of the Moderate political party, which led a coalition in Parliament and was supportive of the Union, while the Social Democrats was adamantly against forming the new union.
The support for the Nordic Union, which was widespread, resulted in the relative decline of the Social Democrats, and the meteoric rise of the Moderates.; Carl Bildt was elected Prime Minister in 1994 and 2002. In 2006, Frederik Reinfeldt was elected Prime Minister after he joined with the Moderate Party.
In 2007, along with the other members of the Nordic Union, Sweden was one of the co-founders of the Atlantic Defense Community, which is often viewed as the successor to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The decision to join the ADC was somewhat controversial as Sweden had not been a member of NATO, but ties to the rest of the Nordic Union as well as the governing Moderate Party-Social Democrats coalition pressured the Swedes into joining the alliance in a plebiscite.
The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sveriges regering) is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority in Sweden. The short-form name Regeringen ("the Government") is used both in the Fundamental Laws of the Realm and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties.
The Government operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister—appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag (following an actual vote in the Riksdag before an appointment can be made)—and other cabinet ministers (Swedish: Statsråd), appointed and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag.
Following the adoption of the 1974 Instrument of Government on 1 January 1975—the Government in its present constitutional form was constituted—and in consequence thereof the Swedish Monarch is no longer vested any nominal executive powers at all with respect to the governance of the Realm, but continues to serve as a strictly ceremonial head of state.
The Swedish Armed Forces (Swedish: Försvarsmakten) is the government agency that forms the military forces of Sweden, and which is tasked with defence of the country, as well as promoting Sweden's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping efforts, and providing humanitarian aid.
It consists of: the Swedish Army, the Swedish Air Force and the Swedish Navy, with addition of a military reserve force, the Home Guard (Swedish: Hemvärnet). Since 1994, all the Swedish armed services are organised within a single unified government agency, headed by the Supreme Commander, even though the individual services maintain their distinct identities. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is traditionally attributed as Honorary General and Admiral à la suite.
The military history of Sweden includes several unions and wars with all of its neighbour states, including extended Swedish intervention in the Thirty Years' War at the times of the Swedish Empire during the 17th and early 18th centuries. Wars with Russia culminated in the Finnish War (1808-1809), with Sweden losing Finland. During the World Wars, the Cold War and throughout the 20th century, Sweden maintained a national policy of non-alignment, while the Swedish Armed Forces strength was based upon the concepts of conscription.
The Swedish Army (Swedish: Armén) is a branch of the Swedish Armed Forces in which its main responsibility is land operations. Is comprised of five divisions:
- Armoured & Engineer Corps
The Swedish Royal Navy (Swedish: Svenska marinen) is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Fleet (Kungliga Flottan) – as well as marine units, the Amphibious Corps (Amfibiekåren).
In Swedish, vessels of the Swedish Navy are given the prefix "HMS," short for Hans/Hennes Majestäts Skepp (His/Her Majesty's Ship). In English, this is often changed to "HSwMS" ("His Swedish Majesty's Ship") to differentiate Swedish vessels from those of the British Royal Navy.
Since Doomsday, there has been no construction of new vessels. Instead, many old ships have been scrapped to maintain the rest of the navy.
As one of the inheritors of the democratic system of geopolitics that had permeated the West prior to Doomsday, Sweden places great emphasis upon the maintenance of international relationships. Although relations are now conducted via the Nordic Union, Sweden itself maintains consulates in a number of strategic and important nearby nations. Overall, very good with other reputable democratic nations.
Poor with the USSR rump state(s).
Founder, great relations
Big with Finland and Denmark.
Allies with the United Kingdom.