Alternative History
Republic of China

Zhōnghuá Mínguó
Timeline: Scotland says "Yes"
OTL equivalent: Taiwan
Coat of arms

"National Anthem of the Republic of China"
Flag anthem:


"National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China"
Territory controlled by the Republic of China: Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu Islands, Dongsha Islands, Taiping Island, and Zhongzhou Reef.
Largest city New Taipei
Official languages Mandarin
Regional languages Taiwanese • Hokkien • Hakka • Formosan languages • Fuzhou dialect
Ethnic groups  95% Han Chinese 2.3% Aborigines
Demonym Taiwanese
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
 -  President Ma Ying-jeou
 -  Chang San-cheng Chang San-cheng
 -  President-elect Tsai Ing-wen
 -  Premier-designate Lin Chuan
Legislature Legislative Yuan
 -  Total 36,193 km2 
13,974 sq mi 

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China is a sovereign state in South-East Asia. It formally occupied mainland China, but during the Chinese Civil War it was pushed back to the island of Taiwan, being replaced by the PRC in the mainland in 1949.


Taiwan was recognized by the United States and majority of the world as the true ruling body over the communist mainland from 1949 to 1971, when the UN Security Council replaced Taiwan with the People's Republic of China. The United States terminated the Sino-American treaty of cooperation in 1980 but nonetheless continues to supply military hardware and equipment to the nation. Taiwan experienced three Strait Crises: two from the 1950s and one in 1995-1996. The United States was mainly involved in this conflict by sending its naval forces to deter China.

2016 Elections

Taiwan elected its first female president, drawing criticisms from mainland China.

Alleged Involvement in Tibet and HK

Chinese state media have reported that Taiwan, alongside with India, Japan, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Philippines have been supporting opposition forces both in Tibet and Hong Kong. The country denies it.

Reports have surfaced that the ROC Armed Forces have been supplying arms and material to the forces belonging to the Provisional Government of Hong Kong; in addition to reports of "special forces" in plainclothes seen among the crowds of rebel fighters.