Alternative History
The Great Liao Empire
Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)

OTL equivalent: Eastern Kazakhstan, Western Mongolia, Siberia and Northern Sinkiang
Flag Coat of Arms
Liao Flag Liao Seal

("Tengri protect the Mongols")

Capital Oskemen
Largest city Oskemen
Other cities Orugan, Haska, Gurakhan, Novisibrisk, Yakutsk
  others Chinese
No religion
  others Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Confucianism, Tengrism
Ethnic Groups
Liaos, Oiratis
  others Chinese
Demonym Liao
Government Parliamentary Monarchy
Khan Gorut Khan
  Royal house: Xiao 蕭
Population 3,200,000 
Established 1393
Currency Taels

The Liao (Oirati: 遼) is a nation in Central Asia. The Nation is a monarchy, but major aristocrats and all Liaos all have slight influence of its politics. It is considered as a aristocratic hereditary monarchy. After the collapse of Yuan dynasty, a high-ranking official, MongKe-Temur/Gun Temur Khan, split from the Yuan Dynasty to establish the Four Oirats in 1399. In 1507, the general, Xiao Leifeng, declared a coup d'etat against the Oirat Monarchy and created the Great Liao Empire.


Administrative Divisions


Yakutsk was a colony founded in 1501.

Nizhnevartovsk was a colony founded in 1512.



The Oirats were one of the forest peoples who lived in west of the Mongols of Genghis Khan. They submitted to Genghis in 1207 and played prominent roles in the history of the Mongol Empire.

After the overthrow of the Yuan Dynasty , Möngke-Temür, a high official of the Yuan, had placed himself at the head of the Oirats. When he died, three chieftains, Mahamu, Taiping and Batu-bolad, ruled them. They sent envoys with gifts to the Ming Dynasty. In 1409, Yongle Emperor  bestowed upon them the title of wang in return. The Oirats began to challenge the Borjigin Emperors in the reign of Elbeg Khan and in 1399 killed Elbeg Khan. His son, Gun, succeeded him.


Gun Temur Khan ruled for two years but was then killed by his younger brother. His younger brother, Orug Khan, succeeded the throne. Orug Khan began to see that the Four Oirats is no match for Ming China and thus, proclaimed that China has greater supremacy and sends a diplomat to China to give this claim. After the diplomat came back, he advised Orug into turning Four Oirats into a agricultural and centralized nation. Immediately, Orug agreed with him and started by constructing a capital city that is not a yurt settlement. They begin to build a capital in OTL Oskemen, named Oskemen. Orug Khan also builds a Khagan Guard and invited the other chiefs for a banquet. During the banquet, he screamed "For Oirat" and the guards murdered the other chiefs while other guards crushed the elite forces of the guards. Thus, the Four Oirat started its process of becoming a centralized state.


In 1507, a general, Xiao, declared a coup d'etat against the Oirat Monarchy and began the Great Liao Empire.


The Liao economy is quite stable

Other industries of the economy of Liao include cattle, horse and sheep raising, which is decently advanced. Most people are involved with livestock raising.


The Liao military is now one of the most advanced militaries with firearms and one of the most powerful armies in East asia

The Liao forces numbers 150,000 and is loyal to Liao and the Khan.

Of these 100,000 troops,there are 50,000 musketeers, 20,000 mounted musketeers, 50,000 heavy cavalry, 30,000 horse archers. The entire Liao army travels on horse back and the supply system is quick as it is both supplied by raiding the enemy and receiving supply through a horse, sheep and cow transfer system.


The Liao began with a pan-Mongol culture and some common themes are horses, plains, hospitality and heroes or baatar. The Yurt is a symbol of 

The Liao has a racial value of the worship of a "hero"


The Oirats adopted a script after the Chinese due to immense trade in the first half of the 15th century. It is similar to the OTL Dongbei dialect and Xingjiang Dialect. Oirati is a Chinese script, but the pronunciation is different.

Foreign Relations

There are two stages of Oirat Foreign relations. The nation is trying to construct a Greater Eurasian Alliance of Liaos, the Manchus, the Tartars, the Mughal Empire and the Safavid Empire.