Alternative History

Welcome an alternative history of The Holy Deliverance of its original name La Sainte Delivrance.

The The Holy Deliverance begin in 5 August 1873 with the restauration the monarchy in France, with the declaration by the National Assembly elected on February 8, 1871 with a monarchist majority.

Historical context

National Assembly of 1871. The Orleanist groups (214) and legitimists (182) have an absolute majority.

In OTL, the monarchist majority being divided between Orleanists (French; Orléanistes) directed by Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale, are supporters of the pretender to the throne of the younger Bourbon family, the House of Orléans descendant of Philippe d'Orléans brother of King Louis XIV and Louis-Philippe d'Orléans ruled between 1830 and 1848, the leader in 1871 of the Orleans is Prince Philippe d'Orleans Count of Paris, grandson of Louis-Philippe. The other monarchist group are the Legitimists (French; Légitimistes), who are supporters of the direct descendant of the House of Bourbons, Henri de Bourbon, Count of Chambord, grandsons of the last Bourbon king Charles X.

Philippe d'Orléans, Count of Paris (1838-1894).

The opportunist Republic proclaimed by the republican Léon Gambetta following the defeat against Prussia, seems to have no chance of survival, by the fact of the monarchist majority in the only existing legislative chamber. But the treaty of peace with Prussia which delayed, the proclaimed and crushed Paris Commune, the internal divisions within the monarchists and the political intrigues of the Republicans will allow the feverish Republic to survive and to last.

Henri d'Artois, Count of Chambord (1820-1883)

Although officially the division between the Orleanists and Legitimists your on the flag to adopt, the Tricolore for the Orleanists, the White flag for the Legitimists, the bottom of the case was the social policy that the Comte de Chambord had promised to adopt . A workerist policy perceived as "socialist" by some Orleanists very influential (Albert de Broglie, etc ...) who despite the Fusion made between the two groups after the Prince of Orleans is recognized Henry de Chambord as one and only king, which by this act unified the two houses on the form but in the bottom remained divided on many political, economic and social subjects.

After Thiers, was pushed to the resignation of the presidency of the Republic in May 1873. Everyone thought that the monarchy was going to be restored, everything was ready. Henri of Artois, who had exiled himself to Austria, had made enormous concessions on all fronts; on October 14, 1871, he approved the liberal and parliamentary constitutional project that a delegate, Pierre Charles Chesnelong sent by the French National Assembly to Salzburg presented to him. Henri d'Artois raises no objection to the lines already sketched out: the recognition of hereditary royal law as an integral part of national law and not placed above it, the elaboration of a constitution discussed by the Assembly and not granted by the king, the separation of powers and bicameralism, the political responsibility of ministers, the guarantee of civil and religious liberties. And he puts the question of the color of the flag on the index. But do not hide from his interlocutor that he will never accept the tricolor.

A parliamentary committee is preparing a text which will be put to the vote at the first sitting of the Assembly on November 5 and which states in its first article that "the national, hereditary and constitutional monarchy is the government of France".

Duke Gaston d'Audiffret-Pasquier intends to inform the French by a press release that mentions that changes to the flag could be made only by the agreement of the future king and the national representation, not to mention replacement. However, the Count of Chambord is ready to accept temporarily the tricolor flag provided he is given the initiative to modify it or to propose another once returned to the throne. In addition, the minutes of a meeting of the deputies of the center-right drafted by Charles Savary lends him remarks he did not hold during his interview with Chesnelong, namely that he would greet "with happiness" the tricolor flag when entering France. Savary's account was compared to Ems's dispatch by those who thought it was precisely intended to provoke a reaction on his part to defeat the restoration.

The Count of Artois reacts to this statement by refuting any abandonment of the White flag. This is badly taken by liberal Orleanists and is seen as a return to a reactionary view of power. For lack of a majority the commision stops its work on October 31st.

Henri of Artois then tries to reiterate these remarks and return to France incognito, betting on a meeting with MacMahon to return to the National Assembly and get enthusiastic parliamentarians the restoration of the monarchy. But Mac Mahon refuses to meet the suitor, considering that his duty as head of the executive prohibits him.

On the night of November 20, the Assembly, which ignores the fact that the Count of Chambord is in France, votes the presidential term of seven years, thus extending the powers of Mac Mahon. For the Orleanists, this delay should allow to wait for the death of the Legitimist pretender, after which his cousin, Philippe of Orleans, count of Paris, grandson of Louis-Philippe, could ascend the throne, accepting the tricolor , the Republic being considered then only as a temporary regime. .

Henri of Artois, having faced with him a rise in power of the republican current, goes into exile to Frohsdorf.


So imagine that it happened otherwise. Imagine that Savary is well transcribed remarks between Chesnelong and Henri of Artois or that Artois is not reacted, or is reacting in the direction of the statement of Duke Gaston d'Audiffret-Pasquier. There will surely have been a monarchical restoration for sure.

It is on this assumption that my alternative history is based. In view of the certain sabotage attention of the restoration by Savary. It's Artois who will have to abandon his White flag and his honor. And accept the tricolor.

So on November 5, 1873, at the first sitting of the National Assembly, a text is put to the vote which affirms in its first article that "the national, hereditary and constitutional monarchy is the government of France". While the Republicans tries to delay by all means the vote text helped by the Bonapartists. At 11:17 am, out of a total of 673 deputies present in the Assembly for the vote, 424 votes for the royalist regime, 209 against and 42 abstention. Some bonapartist for conservatism reasons voted for the monarchy but worse, a wind of treason would have crossed some Republicans judged as conservative. Henri of Artois, now Henri VI present in the Assembly on the platform of the public is then acclaimed by the screaming of majority in his direction "Long live the King, Long live France, Long live Henry VI, Glory to God". The Monarchy is restored a third time, the Republic is definitely buried.

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