Alternative History

This is the timeline of the Byzantine Glory timeline, from the POD in 531 a the Battle of Callinicum to the modern day.

6th Century

The 6th Century AD witnessed the rise of the Byzantine Empire to a level of higher power, by which it replaced the Roman Empire as the main power in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. But they were still threatened by the Persians, who contested with the Byzantines over the territory of Iberia in Central Asia, which had more political value rather than economic. But with the Battle of Callinicum in 531, the Persians witnessed a decisive defeat, which resulted in their loss of the territory, and eventually of part of Persia itself. With the force the Byzantines sent to occupy their new territory, the subsequent Nika Revolution occurs, and a new, freer form of government is instituted in the Byzantine Empire.

Other major events of the century include the birth of Mohammed, the founder of Islam, along with the first sweep of bubonic plague to strike the Byzantine Empire. Europe in the west fractured into a multitude of Christian kingdoms in the former Western Roman Empire, many populated by the barbarians who split the empire up in the first place.

7th century

610: Islam is founded by Mohammed.

627: The Byzantine Empire defeats the Persian Empire at Nineveh, securing Mesopotamia as a Byzantine province.

634: The First Muslim War starts, 25,000 Byzantine troops invade Arabia in response to the Muslim raids into Judea.

636: The First Muslim War ends, part of Arabia is made into a new Byzantine province of Arabia. 

8th century

726: Islam spreads beyond Arabia and Judea, and becomes a powerful force in the Byzantine Empire, Persia, and North Africa.

750: The Abbasid Caliphate is founded along the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, eventually spreading to Spain, and resulting the establishment of Islamic Spain.

751: Pepin founds the Carolingian Dynasty in Western Europe, sparking the Carolingian Crisis. The Byzantine Emperor issues the Constantine V Declaration, declaring that if the Carolingian Empire makes military advances against the Byzantine Empire, it will be swiftly and violently destroyed.

768: Under Emperor Charlemagne, the Carolingian Empire makes peace with the Byzantine Empire after years of tensions. Allowing Byzantine merchants to begin spreading into Western Europe. 

9th century

827: The Byzantines invade Sicily, taking it back from Muslim rule, which presided over the island for 12 years prior to its liberation. 843: The Treaty of Verdun is signed, officially establishing Germany and France as separate bodies, and the Kingdom of France is created.

10th century

936: The Second Muslim War begins as 50,000 Muslims invade the Byzantine province of Judea.

943: The Rashidun Caliphate is ended along with the Second Muslim War. All of Arabia is made into a Byzantine province.

962: Otto I the King of Germany is crowned Roman Emperor, officially establishing the Holy Roman Empire.

11th century

1042: The Arab Trade Federation is founded by a group of Muslim merchants who wanted a way to defend the trading rights of the Arabs under Byzantine rule.

1066: William I of Normandy crosses the English Channel and conquers England, officially establishing the Kingdom of England.

1094: Pope Urban II declares that God wills a crusade against the Byzantine Empire for harboring Muslims and denying Catholicism.

1096: The Crusaders arrive in Judea, they move to capture most of Judea, including Jerusalem, and establish the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

1099: The First Crusade ends.

12th century

1118: The Knights Templar are founded to protect European pilgrims travelling to the Holy Land from Muslims in the Byzantine Empire. But the Templar Knights get into conflict with the Byzantine Army and the order is officially disestablished by Pope Innocent II in 1130.

1145: The Second Crusade begins.

1149: The Second Crusade ends with the Treaty of Antioch and a status quo antebellum.

1189: The Third Crusade begins after the Byzantine Empire moves to finish the crusader-ruled Kingdom of Jerusalem.

1192: The Third Crusade and the Crusader Wars in general end, the Kingdom of Jerusalem is conquered by the Byzantine Empire.

13th century

1206: Genghis Khan was elected Khagan of the Mongols and becomes the first leader of the new Mongol Empire.

1215: The Magna Carta is sealed and issued by John I of England.

14th century

1337: England invades Normandy and France, beginning the Franco-English War.

1347: The Black Death ravages the population of Europe for the first time, and 20-40% of Europe's population is believed to have died in the plague.

1360: The Franco-English War ends and England enters an economic depression after the Treaty of Le Havre forces upon them hard reparations.

15th century

1434: The Medici family rises to power in Florence, and establishes relations between the city and the Byzantine Empire.

1439: Johannes Guttenberg invents the printing press, beginning, by most people's definition, the modern age. Books are now mass produced for the first time, and giving the lower classes of European society the ability to access books for the first time. 1492: The Battle of Granada ends, ending the Spanish Reconquista, and uniting the Kingdom of Spain.

1492: The Columbus Party, lead by Christopher Columbus, and supported and financed by the Byzantine Empire, lands in Cuba looking for a new route to India. The new discovery changes human history and starts a whole new era in the history of the world.

1494: The Kingdom of Austria invades Venetia, starting the First Italian War.

1497: The First Italian War ends, the Treaty of Milan is signed, resulting in Naples being transferred to Byzantine rule.

December 25, 1497: The Byzantium Declaration goes into effect, officially establishing the Byzantium Pact.

16th century

1532: The Kingdom of Spain invades the Aztec Triple Alliance, beginning the First Mesoamerican War.

1537: The First Mesoamerican War ends. 

17th century

1618: The Bohemian Revolt begins, resulting in the beginning of the First Global War in Europe, eventually spreading to Asia, the Americas, and North Africa.

1628: The Treaty of Vienna is signed in the Austrian capital, ending the First Global War.

1631: Ferdinand II declares the Holy Roman Empire extinct.

1651: The Treaty of Berlin is signed establishing the German Confederation. 

18th century

1740: The Second Global War begins after Prussia invades Silesia as result of Maria Theresa's and defended by Pragmatic Sanction, they start a war between the them and Austria.

1759: After 19 years of fighting, the Treaty of Paris is signed on February 10, ending the Second Global War, and ending in a victory for the Byzantium Pact.

1775: The British Army, in an attempt to seize colonial militia supplies in Massachusetts march towards the city of Concord. However, upon reaching the city of Lexington, they meet armed resistance from the local militia, warned of their advance by Boston silversmith Paul Revere. After suffering only light casualties, the British advance on to Concord, where they find almost the entire colonial arms stash seems to have disappeared. Upon exiting the town, they are met with new colonial resistance at the local North Bridge. There they are defeated by colonial militiamen, and are forced to retreat back to Boston, but remained constantly harassed the entire way back. As news rings out of this across the colonies, the colonial militiamen across the area rise up in arms, and the American War of Independence begins.

1776: The American Continental Congress signs the Declaration of Independence, officially declaring the United States of America free from the British Empire. But they face setbacks as the British gain control of New York City, and then move further on into New Jersey. But they manage to save their revolution at the Battles of Iron Works Hill and at Trenton.

1777: The American Continental Army under the command of general Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold defeat the British Army under General John Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga. Showing they are able to defeating the British decisively by themselves, the Byzantine Empire and her allies agree to help the American Revolution. In the aftermath of the battle however, Horatio Gates is demoted and sent to the Southern Theatre, whilst his former subordinate, Benedict Arnold, is promoted to the rank of Major General.

1778: The Continental Army under Benedict Arnold and Richard Montgomery launch an invasion of the British colony of Canada. Advancing out of Vermont, and accompanied by 3,000 Byzantine soldiers, they manage to advance deep into the British colonial possession.

1779: At the Battle of Quebec, the Continental Army captures the colonial city, and with it, the colony of Canada, winning a major victory for the American cause, and securing the American's northern flank.

1780: Lord Charles Cornwallis leads his British Army to conquer the southern United States, where the support for the British is strongest. They receive help and supplies from many southern loyalists, but remain constantly hampered by the colonial troops. At the Battle of Camden, Cornwallis decisively beat the Continental Army under Horatio Gates, and managed to conquer all of South Carolina. But his victory at Charlotte, North Carolina, manages to save North Carolina from the British threat.

1781: At the Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina, the Americans under Daniel Morgan and Horatio Gates won an outstanding victory over the British, resulting in their retreat to the north. Upon Cornwallis arriving in the port city of Yorktown, many believed the end of the war had finally come. If Cornwallis held the city, he had more options, if he didn't, his army would be destroyed. After the battle ended in a colonial victory, the British sought a treaty with the Americans and their allies to end the war.

1783: The Treaty of Paris is signed between Britain, America, and each sides respectful allies, officially ending the American Revolutionary War. Britain agrees to recognize the United States of America, who adopt the Articles of Confederation as their new government, set out to prove the world what an independent republic can do.

1789: The United States adopts a new Constitution granting far more power to the federal government, and establishing the office of President of the United States as the chief-executive. This same year, George Washington, hero of the American Revolution, is elected the first President of the United States. But meanwhile, halfway across the world, the Byzantine populace stages an open revolution across the Empire, overthrowing the absolute monarchy, which they deem an unjust system.

19th century

1807: Alexander Georgios, father of the Byzantine Revolution, and strong proponent of democracy, leads his Reformist Army to victory over the Revolutionaries at the Battle of Athens, ending the Byzantine Civil War.

1812: A new Constitution is drawn up for the Byzantine Empire, replacing the old absolute monarchy with a constitutional one. The new Constitution gave many new rights to the Byzantine people, and ushered in a new era for the Empire.

20th century

21st century