At the beginning of the First World War, Plan 17 of the French army succeeds, and Germany is successfully invaded in the first months of war in 1914. The French dissolve much of western Germany in France, and establish protectorates in the remaining parts of Germany. Part of Austria-Hungary is taken by the French too, who divide the country between themselves and Russia by the Treaty of Salzburg. Northwestern Germany and Schleswig-Holstein become part of Britain as a reward for their help on the Western Front with their British Expeditionary Force. East Prussia becomes part of the new established state of Poland.
1914- Austria-Hungary invades Serbia following the murder of Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. Russia threatens Austria-Hungary, after which Germany invades France. France is quick to attack, and holds up the German forces for weeks in the midlands of Belgium. Meanwhile, a French second army invades Germany, marches to Nuremberg and Berlin, and defeats Germany, while almost the whole German army is trapped in the Ardennes, in a hastily organized retreat. The French take parts of Austria-Hungary as well, the latter one being quickly defeated by a two-fronts war of Russia and France. Britain lands on northwest German soil, and helps France establishing peace. The German government surrenders on November 14 1914. Two weeks after the war, the Treaty of Salzburg is signed between Russia and France: France gets Germany and parts of Austria-Hungary, on the conditions that Russia can have the eastern parts of Austria-Hungary. The two countries also agree that some German bundesländer are to become protectorates under the reign of France. Britain takes part in the conference as well, and receives the northwestern part of Germany as reward for their help in the war. The Protectorates of Hessen, Flanders, Saxony, Thuringia and Luxemburg are formed.
League of Nations (1915-1930)
The United States, fearing a Francophone world, establish a League of Nations in 1915. France, Britain, Russia and the United States become leading powers in this league. One of the first deeds is tracing the borders of Eastern Europe again, one of the main requests of the USA and Woodrow Wilson in particular. After uprisings in Russia trigger a civil war, China and Japan both conquer most of Siberia. Newly Bolshevik Russia fights China in a civil war, and takes over Siberia and Mongolia. Peace is restored at the Treaty of Warsaw, 1919. At the same conference, the leading powers decide to give the League of Nations an peace army, consisting of troops provided by all members, to claim territories that are under dispute. This makes the League of Nations so powerful, that it eventually governs large, almost uninhabited parts of the world, such as huge parts of the Sahara and Central Asia, as well as Siberia and parts of equatorial Africa.
1915- A few months after the war, in January, the Treaty of Aachen is signed: East Prussia and the Polish Oblast of Russia will join together as the Republic of Poland. Russia is not willing to give up territory, but gives in on the condition that the possession of Finland is not to be challenged by any country. The United States call for another conference later that year, at which they establish the League of Nations. Almost all independent countries sign, including Russia, France and China. The first deed of the League is retracing the borders of East-Europe. France and Russia are willing to give up Austria-Hungary: Moravia, Bohemia, Croatia-Slovenia, Slovakia and Hungary are formed. Serbia is expanded, and Romania receives parts of Transylvania.
1918- Russia suffers from uprisings: the Tsar is overthrown, and flees the country. Meanwhile, China and Japan both conquer parts of Siberia in this Russian chaos. When the new Bolshevik government is established, the Chinese army is brought to an halt: Bolshevik forces have taken over the power in Russia, and regain Siberia in a short but bloody war. The Red Army comes as far as Ulaanbator and Urumqi.
1919- The Russian army invades Manchuria, Nei Monggol and Ningxia. The League of Nations calls for an conference, and at the Treaty of Warsaw both Russia and China settle peace. At the same conference, the leading powers decide to give the League of Nations an peace army, consisting of troops provided by all members, to claim territories that are under dispute. Tannu Tuwa, the Lake Baikal area and the are in between those two disputed areas become mandates administered by the League of Nations.
1921- Parts of the Lake Baikal Mandate are returned to Russia, and the Mongolia Mandate is returned to China. The Dzungaria Mandate remains under possession of the League of Nations
1924- The Dzungaria Mandate is returned to China, after threats of the Chinese Army, that states that it "will use brute force to recapture the area".
After various discussions over attempted revolts in the 1920s and 1930s in many colonies, the colonialist powers gradually make their colonies independent. Portugal, Spain and the Netherlands are not very eager too give up their colonies. After threats of France in 1938, the Netherlands give in and make Indonesia, Papua and Suriname independent. Portugal insists in keeping their colonies. Great Britain fails to settle peace between France and Portugal, and a small French invasion of the Portuguese colonies follows. Portugal and Spain don't agree, and start a war against France in 1940. France invades Catalonia and eventually takes over Spain with help of the United States, who want to end the conflict as soon as possible, in order to prevent escalation and a possible Second World War. Portugal remains independent, but under heavy influence of France. The French make Basqueland independent in 1943, and keep Spain for themselves.
1930- At the Conference of Goa the member states of the League of Nations come together. There are representatives of almost all countries. Only Switzerland, San Marino and the Kingdom of Crna Gora are missing. At the conference is decided that to stop the game of chess between the leading world powers concerning the colonies: all colonies are to become either mandates governed by the League of Nations, or independent countries. The weakest colonies will become mandates, in order to prepare them better for independence, and the colonies that are considered strong enough become independent straight away. This huge geographical plan is signed at the conference, and called the Universal Self-Determination Declaration or USDD for short. The colonies will become independent in phases. The first countries to become independent are British India, Malaysia, Algeria, Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, Egypt and the Trucial States.
1932- The second wave of countries become independent states: French West Africa, Liberia and all remaining colonies on the west coast become the Federated States of West Africa, a state intended to be a strong union that can fight poverty in the West African region. Maroc becomes independent as well as Sudan. Somaliland becomes a mandate, which will be declared independent after five years.
The mandates and the Indo-China War (1946-1987)
Possible future dispute areas are handed over to the League of Nations after decolonization. These so-called "mandates" have self-governance in a limited degree, and are merely likely to trigger war, than to prevent war. Despite this possible bonfire that can be lit by a spark, the world remains more or less free of war until 1984, when a border clash between India and China escalates. India, comprising the whole of former British India without Burma, is a weak state, divided in Islamic and Hindu regions. OTL Pakistan, called the Western Islamic Provinces, is one of the potential threats of a civil war in India. China invades the Western Islamic Provinces in 1985, and settles peace in 1987, after it gained OTL Bhutan, Kashmir, Sikkim and Nepal.
1984- Army personnel of India kill two Chinese engineers in the Kashmir border region. China reacts by invading Kashmir. A few heavy battles are fought in the valleys of this outskirts of the Himalaya, before the Chinese Army breaks through the Indian front, and annexed Baltistan and the northwest of Punjab. A stalemate is reached when Indian forces retreat to their strongholds, establishing a front running Bannu to Sialkot.
1985- The Chinese army invades Baluchistan in April. In September they invade Sikkim, Bhutan and Nepal as well, via Tibet.
1986- The Indian army manages to recapture Kathmandu and Hetauda in July. They are driven back to their strongholds in the Ganges Valley in the autumn.
1987- Peace is settled between China and India.
New innovations (1987-onwards)
OTL space race started in the 50s. However, the space race in TTL starts only in the 90s, when the first home computers come into existence, and many new innovations such as the cellphone are beginning to become popular. Russia, China, France and the USA all try to set a man on the moon, and eventually France succeeds in 2003 with help of Great Britain. Meanwhile, internet has come into existence, and many of the former colonies start to reach a satisfying level of development. In 2005, Yemen and Hejaz (OTL West Saudi-Arabia) unite, and in 2008 a revolt in South Africa triggers chaos, and a dictator is started in South Africa.
2008- The government of the Republic of South Africa, consisting of whites, is overthrown in a so-called Black Revolt lasting for weeks. The South African Union comes into existence, a totalitarian state led by the leaders of the Black Revolt. They invade Namibia, but retreat after threats of the Soviet-Union and the United States to invade South Africa.